U 1 Having a Leisure Talk I. Useful phrases and idioms English Chinese 1 I’m all ears. 我在洗耳恭聽 “Are you listening to me?” “Of course, I’m all ears.” 2 talk over 討論 Let’s talk over this issue. 3 figure out 想出 We couldn’t figure out the puzzle; it was too difficult. 4 point out 指出 The teacher pointed out the mistakes in my composition. 5 hear (someone ) out 聽完 I’m not finished; hear me out. 6 think of 想到 Have you thought any solutions to the problem? 7 come up with 提出 She came up with a new idea for increasing sales. II. Dialogue Ted 金，有件事我想和你談一談。 Kim 我洗耳恭聽。什麼事？ Ted 我得想個辦法買部車子。 Kim 車子！我必須提醒你，泰德，你是學生。你沒有足夠的錢買車。 Ted 聽我說完。我正在考慮找份兼差的工作 Kim 然後沒時間陪我！ Ted 是，不過我找到了解決的辦法。我們兩個可以一起工作。 Kim 要我工作！現在我知道你真的瘋了！ Ted Kim, there’s something I want to talk over with you. Kim I’m all ears. What’s up? Ted I want to figure out a way to buy a car. Kim A car! I have to point out, Ted, that you’re a student. You don’t have enough money for a car. Ted Hear me out. I’m thinking of getting a part-time job… Kim And have no time to spend with me? Did you think of that? Ted Yes, but I think I’ve come up with a solution. We can both get a job together. Kim Me work? Now I know you’re crazy! III. Word Bank 1 true-false test 是非題 21 auditor 旁聽生 2 machine scored 電腦閱卷 22 faculty 教授群 exam 3 quiz 小考 23 syllabus 課程表 4 multiple-choice 複選題測驗 24 student 學生評鑑 test evaluation 5 practice exam 模擬考 25 call number 圖書編號 6 make-up (test) 補考 26 grade 成績 7 term paper 報告 27 repeat the same 留級 grade/repeat a year 8 cheating 作弊 28 suspension 停學 9 academic 實力測驗 29 drop out of 退學 ability/achievement school test 10 written test 筆試 30 transfer 轉學 11 listening 聽力測驗 31 school fee/tuition 學費 comprehension test 12 oral exam 口試 32 school regulation 校規 13 skill/ability test 技能（術科）測 33 roll book 出席簿 驗 14 physical strength 體能測驗 34 skip/cut class 蹺課 and fitness test 15 entrance ceremony 入學儀式 35 extracurricular 課外活動 activities 16 academic/school 學年 36 handout 講義 year 17 term/semester 學期 37 transcript 成績單 18 credit 學分 38 research 畢業論文 paper/graduation thesis 19 required course 必修課 39 class reunion 同學會 (subject) 20 elective (subject) 選修課 40 resume 履歷表 IV. Re-description: Traveling I usually travel during my holidays, and when I have free time, which is usually during the summer, I like to travel abroad. I like to go to the places that are scenic because they make me feel so relaxed. I suppose out of all the places that I have been to my favorite has to be Taroko gorge（太魯閣）. It’s magnificent. Basically, I don’t like to be herded around like sheep. I would much prefer to travel with a bunch of friends. The only thing I like about traveling in groups is that everything is taken care of. V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each question; For questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question. 1. What do you like do in your leisure time? 2. How are you getting along with your roommates? 3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of having roommates? 4. Do you eat anything after dinner? Like what? 5. Describe the room you live in. 6. Describe your everyday life. 7. Have you ever talked all night long? 8. What can be found on your desk? U 2 Finding Places to Eat I. Useful phrases and idioms English Chinese 1 one’s eyes are bigger than one’s stomach 食慾大過食量 Your eyes are bigger than your stomach; you’ll never finish eating that much. 2 a tone of 大量的 We had a ton of complaints at the office today. 3 by a long shot; a long shot 大幅度地； 希望渺茫 Sherry is the fastest swimmer—by a long shot (大幅領先) 4 by far 顯然地 Jenny said it was by far the best food she had ever had. 5 at (the) most 最多；頂多 There won’t be too many people at the party—twenty at the most. 6 what do you care 你幹嘛在乎 （不客氣的語 氣） “Hey, you’re going to be late for class!” “What do you care? It’s none of your business. II. Dialogue Ted 天啊！我吃了好多東西。這顯然是我長久以來吃到最棒的一餐。 Kim 我甚至沒辦法吃完我那份─根本不可能！ Ted 你點的牛排至少二十盎司 Kim 最多時盎司，好吧！不超過十五盎司 Ted 你根本不必點那份大沙拉，還有那些馬鈴薯跟大蒜麵包。 Kim 你覺得我點太多了？ Ted 你點了太多了。你的食慾比你的食量還大。 Kim 嗯！你幹嘛在乎 Ted 因為你的食慾比我的皮夾大多了。 Ted Boy, I’ve eaten a ton of food. This was by far the best meal I’ve had in a long time. Kim I couldn’t even finish mine—by a long shot. Ted That steak you ordered had to be at least twenty ounces. Kim Ten at the most! Well… no more than fifteen. Ted And you didn’t have to order that large salad and those potatoes and that garlic bread. Kim You think I ordered too much? Ted You ordered way too much. Your eyes are bigger than your stomach. Kim Well, what do you care? Ted Because your eyes are also bigger than my wallet. III. Word Bank 1 buffet 自助餐 21 braised pork rice 滷肉飯 2 salad bar 沙拉吧 22 ramen noodles 拉麵 3 roadside stand 路邊攤 23 wanton and 餛飩麵 noodles 4 food stand 小吃攤 24 hand cut noodles 刀削麵 5 night market 夜市 25 sesame paste 麻醬麵 noodles 6 stall 攤販 26 boiled dumplings 水餃 7 midnight snack 宵夜 27 soup dumplings 湯餃 8 leftovers 剩菜 28 steam dumplings 蒸餃 9 sanitary 衛生的 29 tofu mousse 豆花 10 hepatitis 肝炎 30 custard tart 蛋塔 11 cockroach 蟑螂 31 milk shake 奶昔 12 soy milk 豆漿 32 horse hooves 雙胞胎 13 rice & peanut 米漿 33 pearl tea 珍珠奶茶 milk 14 Chinese pocket 燒餅 34 plum juice 酸梅汁 bread 15 deep fried bread 油條 35 lemonade 檸檬汁 stick 16 fried leek pocket 韭菜盒子 36 mango slush 芒果冰沙 bread 17 steamed bun 饅頭 37 popsicle 冰棒 18 meat bun 肉包 38 Chinese herb tea 青草茶 19 vegetable bun 菜包 39 tea shake 泡沫紅茶 20 fired sticky rice 油飯 40 beverage 飲料 IV. Vowel Sound Practice: /au/, 20ms V. Re-description of Breakfast like a king 10ms VI. Re-description: Breakfast Like a Kinh There is a saying: Breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince, and dine like a pauper /o/. This means that breakfast should be the largest meal of you day. In many countries, the biggest meal of the day is dinner. So why does this saying advise us to eat a large breakfast instead? The answer is in the word breakfast itself, which means the ‘breaking’ of a ‘fast’ or a long period without eating. The gap between dinner and breakfast can be up to twelve hours, so the meal that breaks your fast should be healthy and wholesome. Also, unlike your evening meal, the food you consume for breakfast will give you energy to use while you are active during the day. There is evidence that eating a big breakfast particularly one containing whole grains fruit, can improve your concentration and mood, boost your energy levels. VI. Repeat my answers V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question. 1. What do you usually have breakfast? 2. When do people have brunch? Why? 3. What do most students like to have for midnight snack? 4. Do you often eat out? Why and where? 5. Why do some people like to eat at food stands on the street: Do you like to or no and why? 6. What are the advantages and disadvantages of eating in a cafeteria? 7. When do Chinese people usually eat hot pot? 8. What’s your opinion of Taiwanese food and eating habits? VII. Individual Speaking U 3 Going to a Convenience Store I. Useful phrases and idioms English Chinese 1 at a loss 不知道 I’m completely at a loss. 2 I guess that’s all. 我想就是這些了。 Oranges, pineapples and bananas. I guess that’s all. 3 I tell you what. 我告訴你怎麼做。 I tell you what. You get your toothpaste. I get my cosmetics. 4 We are out of that right now. 我們目前沒貨。 We are out of that right now. The next issue comes out tomorrow. 5 You bet. 當然。 You bet. Make yourself feel at home. 6 What’s over there? 那兒有什麼東西？ That’s food section. What’s over there? II. Dialogue Ted 讓我們在這間 7-11 停一下。我要拿些糖。 Kim 好啊！我喜歡四處看看。 Ted 我們可以在這裡付電話帳單及郵寄包裹。 Kim 是啊！看看其他在這裡的東西，糖果，報紙，書籍，玩具。那裡有什 麼東西？ Ted 我完全不知道。 我在找糖。 Kim 糖，它是在食物區，在 B 走道。 Ted 還有，你能告訴我家庭用品放在什麼地方？ Kim 當然。沿著走道走，然後左轉。 Ted 謝謝，你幫了大忙。 Ted Let’s stop at this 7-eleven a minute. I need to get some sugar. Kim O.K. I’d like to look around. Ted We can pay phone bills and mail packages here. Kim Yes, but look at all the other things here: candy, newspapers, books, toys. What’s over there? Ted I am at a complete loss. I’m looking for the sugar. Kim Sugar. It’s in the food section, on aisle B. Ted One more thing, could you tell me where the household supplies are? Kim You bet. Go down this aisle and turn left. Ted Thanks. You’ve been very helpful. III. Word Bank 1 beverages 飲料區 21 merchandise 商品 2 frozen foods 冷凍食品 22 brand 品牌 3 dairy products 乳品區 23 logo 商標 4 canned goods 罐頭區 24 label 標籤 5 household 家用品區 25 on sale 大減價 products 6 cooking supplies 廚房用品區 26 promotion 促銷 7 pet food and 寵物用品區 27 pushcart 手推車 supplies 8 deli counter 熟食區 28 tableware 餐具 9 bakery 麵包區 29 hardware 五金用品 10 produce 蔬果區 30 stationery 文具 11 scale 磅秤 31 detergent 清潔劑 12 meat and poultry 肉品區 32 laundry detergent 洗衣精 13 shopping basket 購物籃 33 shampoo 洗髮精 14 health and 護膚產品區 34 dandruff 去頭皮屑洗髮精 beauty care shampoo 15 paper products 家用紙品區 35 shower gel 沐浴乳 16 cash register 收銀機 36 toilet tissue 衛生紙 17 cashier 收銀員 37 toothpick 牙籤 18 barcode scanner 條碼掃瞄機 38 plug 插座 19 checkout counter 結帳櫃臺 39 battery 電池 20 shopping cart 購物車 40 fake 贗品 IV. Re-description: Your Diet Destroying the Environment How can eating meat have a negative effect on the environment? For a start, all livestock animals such as cows, pigs, and sheep release methane gas by expelling wind from their bodies. Methane gas is the second most common greenhouse gas after carbon dioxide. Many environmental experts now believe that methane is more responsible for global warming than carbon dioxide. It is estimated that twenty-five percent of all methane released into the atmosphere comes from farm animals. Another way in which meat production affects the environment is through the use of water and land. Two thousand five hundred gallons of water are needed to produce one pound of beef, whereas twenty gallons of water are needed to produce one pound of wheat. One acre of farmland used for raising livestock can produce 250 pounds of beef. One acre of farmland used for crop production can produce 40,000pounds of potatoes, 30,000 pounds of carrots, or 50,000 pounds of tomatoes. Many people now see the benefits of switching to a vegetarian diet, not just for health reasons, but also because it plays a vital role in protecting the environment. V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question. 1. What can you get at a convenience store? Name as many items as possible. 2. What is meant by “on sale”? 3. What does a convenience store sell for women? 4. Which brand of toothpaste do you prefer: Why? 5. Do you think it good to be a vegetarian? Why? 6. Do you think eating meat have a negative effect on the environment? 7. What causes global warming? 8. What can you do to protect the environment you are living in? U4 Using a Computer I. Useful phrases and idioms English Chinese 1 cost an arm and a leg 極昂貴 Look at that camera! I bet it costs an arm and a leg. 2 big spender 揮霍的人 Tom is a big spender. He spends money as if he were a millionaire. 3 hard up for cash 手頭很緊 I had to sell my car because I’m hard up for cash. 4 scrape by 勉強維持生計 Alison scrapes by on the money from her part-time job. 5 money to burn 富有的 Another new pairs of sneakers? You must have money to burn. 6 save up 存錢 Daniel wants to save up for a new bike. II. Dialogue Kim 對了，敗家子，這部電腦多少錢？ Ted 喔！大概是四千美元。這是新型的。 Kim 我還以為你手頭很緊，你不是日子過得很拮据嗎？ Ted 我用的是信用卡，別擔心。 Kim 別擔心？那玩意太貴了。你生活得好像很有錢。 Ted 我有工作，你知道的。我有法子賺錢。 Kim 對，但是如果你繼續像這樣花錢，你永遠不可能花錢買車子。 Ted 有了網路，誰還要出門。 Kim 喔！ Kim So, big spender, how much was this computer? Ted Oh, it was about four thousand dollars. It’s a new model. Kim I thought you were hard up for cash—you know, barely scraping by? Ted I used by credit card. Don’t worry. Kim Don’t worry? That thing cost an arm and a leg. You live like you have money to burn. Ted I have a job, you know. I have ways of making money. Kim Yes, but if you keep spending it like this, you’ll never be able to save up for a car. Ted With the Internet, who needs to go out? Kim Oh! III. Word Bank 1 accessories 周邊設備 21 USB Flash 隨身碟 Drive, USB Jump Drive 2 browser 瀏覽器 22 Anti-virus 防毒軟體 software 3 built-in 內建 23 modem 數據機 4 configuration 規格，配備 24 server 伺服器 5 desktop 桌電 25 broadband 寬頻網路 internet connection 6 DVD burner DVD 燒錄器 26 ADSL 非對稱數位用戶 (Asymmetric 迴路 Digital Subscriber Line) 7 e-mail 郵件附件 27 hook up 電腦連線 attachment 8 monitor 螢幕 28 cyber space 網路空間 9 portable 可攜帶的 29 online store 網路店面 10 click 點擊 30 e-commerce 網路商店 11 delete 刪除 31 e-shopping 網路購物 12 download 下載 32 e-bill 網路帳單 13 upload 上傳 33 Internet auction 網路拍賣 14 update 更新 34 computer-savvy 電腦高手 15 post 張貼 35 geek 電腦玩家 16 insert 插入 36 newbie 網路新手 17 spam 垃圾信件 37 computer 電腦白癡 illiterate 18 hard drive 硬碟 38 community 社群 19 scanner 掃描器 39 forum 論壇 20 laser printer 雷射印表機 40 chatroom 聊天室 IV. Re-description: The Security of PC The convenience of the Internet, like all other things in the world, has drawbacks. It has become extremely easy to exchange information and keep in contact with the rest of the world. Yet it’s also easy for those with advanced computer skills and malicious intentions to commit unlawful acts. Some release destructive viruses while others hack computer networks to steal precious data. To avoid becoming a cyber-crime victim, here are a few recommendations given by computer experts First, install security software. When surfing on the Net, don’t give out personal information and safeguard your passwords. Keep your security level set at medium or high. All in all, use common sense, proceed with caution, and surf safety. V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question. 1. Does your computer ever give you any troubles? 2. How often do you surf the Internet? What are your favorite websites? 3. Do you blog? Do you think it interesting to have your own blog? 4. What are the benefits of the Internet? 5. What are the drawbacks of the Internet? 6. What are cyber crimes? 7. How do you protect your privacy while surfing on the Internet? 8. What are some security precautions you can take to protect your computer data? Unit 5 Sending a Letter in a Post Office and I. Useful phrases and idioms English Chinese 1 make a withdrawal 提款 I’d like to make a withdrawal. 2 open an account 開戶 I couldn’t open an account in that back because I forgot to take my I.D. card. 3 How would you like your money? 你想要什麼面額？ How would you like your money? In big bills? 4 Here you are. 拿去吧！ Here you are. See you next time. . 5 by the way 順便 By the way, could you tell me you e-mail address? II. Dialogue Kim 早安， 我想開一個新戶頭。 Clerk 你有帶兩種身份認證卡嗎？ Kim 是的，我有護照和這是身份證。 Clerk 好！ Kim 我可以兌現支票嗎？ Clerk 是的，當然。你想要什麼面額？大鈔或小鈔。 Kim 大鈔就好。 Clerk 拿去吧！ Kim 謝謝。我想順便寄信。 Clerk 請到一樓。 Kim Good morning. I’d like to open an account. Clerk Do you have two forms of identification? Kim Yes, I have my passport and this is my I.D. card. Clerk All right. Kim Can I cash my check? Clerk Yes, of course. How would you like your money? Large bills or small bills? Kim Large is O.K.. Clerk Here you are. Kim Thank you very much. By the way, I’d like to mail a letter? Clerk First floor, please. III. Word Bank 1 envelop 信封 21 banking hours 銀行營業時間 2 aerogram 航空郵簡 22 teller’s window 出納窗口 3 postcard 明信片 23 bank book 銀行存摺 4 package/parcel 包裹 24 savings account 存款帳戶 5 printed 印刷品 25 current account 活存帳戶 materials/matter 6 stamp 郵票 26 long-term 定期存款 deposit 7 postage 郵資 27 traveler’s check 旅行支票 8 post due 郵資不足 28 bounced check 空頭支票 9 post mark 郵戳 29 Chop, inkpad 印章， 印泥 10 zip code 郵遞區號 30 ATM (auto teller 自動提款機 machine) 11 post office box 郵政信箱 31 ATM card 提款卡 (P.O. box) 12 mailbox 信箱 32 debit card 轉帳卡 13 c/o (in care of) 由…轉交 33 credit card 信用卡 14 return receipt 回執收據 34 deposit slip 存款單 15 local mail 本地郵件 35 transfer 轉帳 16 out-of-town mail 外地郵件 36 foreign currency 外幣 17 regular mail 一般郵件 37 foreign exchange 外匯 18 surface mail 海運郵件 38 interest rate 利率 19 ordinary mail 平信 39 simple interest 單利 20 express mail 快遞郵件 40 compound 複利 interest IV. Re-description of the Story The Good Life How much money do you need to be happy? For many, the answer to this question is simple: “More!” Despite paying lip-service to the notion that money and material things are secondary to family, love, and friends, people all around the world still pursue money as if it is the only thing that can make them happy. Everyone seems to be working harder and harder for higher pay at the expense of spending time with their families. People are spending more than ever before, and going deeper and deeper into debt each year. It’s “the good life,” and more and more people are clamoring to get it. But does having and spending a lot of money really make us happier? Researchers found out long ago that the link between income and happiness is rather weak for most people. Many conclude that once you have enough money to meet basic needs such as food and shelter, having more money does little to help your happiness and general satisfaction with life. Why do more money and more things fail to make us happier? The problem is that we quickly get used to having more money and new things. Initially, we may feel euphoric when we get that bigger apartment or new car, cut we soon get used to having it and then it doesn’t seem so special any more. And when we hear that our friends or relatives now have bigger apartments and newer cars, we become dissatisfied with what we have. So what place should money have in your life? This is entirely up to you, but consider what you would like to say when you look back on your life in your golden years. V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question. 1. Where do you keep your money? 2. What do you think about the postal service in Taiwan? 3. Why is it important to write your return address on a package? 4. Can we open a saving account in a post office? How do we do that? 5. What are the advantages and disadvantages of having a lot of money? 6. How much money do you need to be happy? 7. Do you think that money and material things are secondary to family? 8. Why doesn’t more money make us happier? Unit 6 Shopping for Clothes I. Useful phrases and idioms English Chinese 1 Is this color you have in mind? 這是你想要的顏色嗎？ The red blouse. Is this color you have in mind? 2 have (something) on special (什麼)特賣會？ Do you like to go to Breeze Center this afternoon? They have sandals on special. 3 Let me have a look. 讓我看看。 I want to make sure it is the right size. Let me have a look. 4 The prices tag says… 標籤上寫的是… The prices tag says NT$1,000. 5 Try it on. 試穿 Try it on. How does it fit? II. Dialogue Clerk 需要我幫忙嗎？ Kim 是的，我要看一套西裝，深灰色的。 Clerk 你穿幾號？ Kim 大概 38 號。 Clerk 這是 38 號，全羊毛的。這是你要的顏色嘛。試試看。 Kim 讓我看看。多少錢？ Clerk 標價是 5,000 元，但是這個月它是特賣品，2,500 元，免費修改。 Kim 我買了。請包起來。 Clerk 給您！ Clerk May I help you? Kim Yes, please. I’d like to see a suit. In dark grey. Clerk What size do you wear? Kim About size 38. Clerk Here is a 38, all wool. Is this color you have in mind? Try it on. Kim Let me have a look. How much is it? Clerk The price tag says NT$5,000, but we have it on special this month for NT$2,500, with free alternations. Kim I’ll take it. Please wrap it. Clerk Here you are. III. Word Bank 1 original price 原價 21 blouse 女襯衫 2 set price 不二價 22 windbreaker 風衣 3 discount 打折 23 overcoat 外套 4 20% discount 全館八折 24 sweater 毛衣 everything 5 on sale 大減價 25 pullover 套頭毛衣 6 year end sale 年終大減價 26 leather jacket 皮夾克 7 clearance sale 清倉大拍賣 27 belt 皮帶 8 buy one get one 買一送一 28 scarf 圍巾 free 9 cash register 收銀機 29 gloves 手套 10 to buy on 分期付款買 30 button 扣子 installments 11 down payment 頭期款 31 zipper 拉鍊 12 display window 展示櫥窗 32 leisure suit 休閒服裝 13 gift shop 禮品店 33 bell-bottom pants 喇叭褲 14 glassware 玻璃器皿 34 hot pants 熱褲 15 chinaware 瓷器 35 jeans 牛仔褲 16 pottery 陶器 36 shorts 短褲 17 silverware 銀器 37 slacks 寬鬆的褲子 18 underwear 內衣 38 boxer shorts 男用四角褲 19 underpants 內褲 39 men’s briefs 男用三角褲 20 slip 襯裙 40 undershirt 男用衛生衣 IV. Re-description of the Story Wireless Wearables Today, high-tech companies together with clothing firms are putting miniature computers into everything from watches to running shoes. They are wireless and can be linked to each other and to the Internet. An American company, for example, has inserted a microphone into a necklace, speakers into a pair of earring, and a mouse under the stone of a ring. And a Japanese company is bringing out a wearable, wireless Internet device with a lightweight headset that lets you walk, talk, and surf the Web at the same time. Although these up-to-date fashions sound interesting, some people may wonder what exactly they are supposed to do with all this wearable technology. The introduction of always-on, wireless devices will let people communicate, interact, get information and entertainment wherever they go, all the time. Companies developing this high-tech fashion envision always-on mail, “buddy alerts” that sense if your friends are nearby, plus downloadable music and videos wherever you go. Computers will remind you to do things, tell you if you’re about to forget your keys at home, and guide you through a world in which everything is smart and gives out information. Staying in tune with all that requires more than a handheld device, claim analysts at high-tech companies who are developing wireless fashion. They estimate that by 2010, 40 percent of adults and 75 percent of teenagers will wear always-on devices. They predict that for every hour people spend in the real world, they’ll spend ten minutes in the “e-world”. V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question. 1. What can people buy in a department store? Name some items. 2. What are you wearing today? 3. What do you like to wear in winter? Why? 4. Have you ever been to Taipei 101 Mall? What do people do there? 5. Is it true that “clothes make the man”? 6. Give your opinion about the saying—customers are always right.” 7. Describe the future clothes you can imagine. 8. Do you think that people spend more time in the “e-world” than before? Unit 7 Continuing Activities at School I. Useful phrases and idioms English Chinese 1 hit the books 用功唸書, K 書 If you want to pass the examination, you’d better hit the books. 2 pull an all-nighter 整晚熬夜 I had to pull an all-nighter to get my essay done on time. 3 cram (for a test/an examination) 臨時抱佛腳 He crammed for a chemistry test. 4 look… up 查詢… Sam looked up the phone number for his bank in the telephone book. 5 write…down 記下 The office worker wrote some notes down during the meeting. 6 to burn the midnight oil 熬夜 I’ve got to burn the midnight oil to finish my project. II. Dialogue Kim 你看起來好累，你是不是整晚又熬夜了。 Ted 是啊！這是我這個星期第三次熬夜了。 Kim 你是為了期末考臨時抱佛腳，對不對？ Ted 對，為了歷史考試，我昨晚花了好幾個小時在百科全書上查名字。 Kim 如果你上課時做筆記，就不必後來去查了。 Ted 是啊！可是我翹了太多堂課了。。 Kim 你不只是翹太多課，你經常整天都曠課。 Ted 是啊！但是必要時我蠻會書 K 的，所以我何必每次都去上課呢？ Kim 只要你有計畫就行了。 Kim You look tired. Did you pull an all-nighter? Ted Yeah. It was my third all-nighter this week. Kim You were cramming for finals, right? Ted Right. I spent hours last night looking up names in an encyclopedia—for the history exam. Kim If you would write things down in class, you wouldn’t have to look them up later. Ted Yeah, but I skipped too many classes. Kim You not only skipped to many classes; you skipped whole days of school. Ted Yeah, I know. But I’m pretty good at hitting the books when I have to, so why should I go to class all the time? Kim As long as you have a plan. III. Word Bank 1 kindergarten 幼稚園 21 College of 理學院 Science 2 elementary 小學 22 College of 工學院 school Engineering 3 junior high 初中 23 College of 商學院 school Commerce 4 senior high 高中 24 College of Law 法學院 school 5 vocational 高職 25 College of 人文學院 school Humanities 6 five-year college 五專 26 College of 文學院 Liberal Arts 7 graduate school 研究所 27 College of 外語學院 Foreign Languages 8 coeducational 男女合校的學 28 College of Social 社會科學學院 school 校 Science 9 president 大學校長 29 College of 傳播學院 Communication 10 professor 教授 30 major 主修 11 associate 副教授 31 B.A. (Bachelor 文學士 professor of Arts) 12 assistant 助理教授 32 B.S. (Bachelor of 理學士 professor Science) 13 instructor 講師 33 sick leave 病假 14 T.A. (teaching 助教 34 a big fat zero 大鴨蛋 assistant) 15 chairman 系主任 35 to fail 不及格 16 faculty 全體教職員 36 to flunk 學科被當 17 freshman 大一學生 37 class meeting 班會 18 sophomore 大二學生 38 Physical 體育課 education (P.E.) 19 junior 大三學生 39 work-study 工讀在校生 student 20 senior 大四學生 40 on campus 在校園 IV. Re-description of the Story Extensive Reading Do you want to have a good TOEFL or TOEIC score? Maybe you should start thinking about extensive reading. Researchers have found that students who often read in English in their free time tend to have high TOEFL scores, while those who do not, tend to have low scores. They found that reading was a better predictor of TOEFL performance than even the number of years studying English and living in English-speaking countries. Another study showed that students who only read enjoyable books made consistent gains on their TOEFL scores, averaging 3-4 points on the test each week. How is it that just reading alone can bring all of these benefits? Extensive reading allows students to see a lot of the language in context over and over again, giving them the exposure they need to understand, organize, remember, and use it. It builds and strengthens fundamental vocabulary, and grammar knowledge. In short, extensive reading provides a very strong foundation on which to build all language skills. Extensive reading is not the only way to learn a language. Most language scholars would agree that language students still need to spend a lot of time practicing speaking, listening, writing, and so on in order to become advanced in the language. However, adding extensive reading to your private study can certainly do some great things for your language ability. Not only is extensive reading effective, but it can be a very enjoyable way to learn a new language. Give it a try and see what it will do for you! V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question. 1. What are your favorite subjects in school? 2. If you have difficulties, whom do you usually go to look for in school? 3. What would a teacher do if he found a student cheating on an exam? 4. What do students do when exams are near at hand? 5. Do you like being a student? Why or why not? 6. Why can people benefit a lot by extensive reading? 7. How many languages can you speak? How do you improve your language abilities? 8. Name some books that have great impact on you. Unit 8 Enjoying a holiday I. Useful phrases and idioms English Chinese 1 kick back and relax 輕鬆一下 On Friday nights after work, I like to kick back and relax. 2 put (one’s) feet up 休息 Sit down and put your feet up for a while. 3 take it easy 放輕鬆 Take it easy! You’re getting too stressed out. 4 hang out 閒晃 On the weekends, teenagers like to hang out at the shopping mall. 5 fool around 遊手好閒 The children fooled around on the playground. 6 let off some steam 抒解情緒 Exercise can help you let off some steam after a stressful day at work. 7 sit around 閒坐無所事事 Instead of sitting around all day, why don’t you get a job? II. Dialogue Ted 啊！該好好輕鬆一下！ Kim 你在做什麼？這不是我們應該休息的時候。 Ted 放輕鬆一點，不要急。 Kim 急，要急，我們得快準備好派對。 Ted 我們只是小混一下。 Kim 我們沒時間坐著偷懶了。 Ted 你太緊張了，放輕鬆抒解一下情緒。 Kim 拜託，別鬧了。幫我弄這些氣球。 Ted 如果你一直給自己壓力，你就會像氣球一樣爆掉。 Kim 快開始工作，不然我會轟你的腦袋。 Ted Ah, Time to kick back and relax. Kim What are you doing? This is no time to put our feet up. Ted Take it easy. There’s no hurry. Kim Yes, there is. We have to get ready for the party. Ted Let’s just hang out for a little while. Kim We don’t have time to sit around. Ted You’re too nervous. Let off some steam and relax. Kim Come on. Stop fooling around. Help me with these balloons. Ted If you don’t stop giving yourself pressure, you’re going to pop, just like this balloon! Kim Start working or I’ll pop you over the head. III. Word Bank 1 solar calendar 陽曆 21 National Day 國慶日 2 lunar calendar 陰曆 22 Taiwan 光復節 Restoration Day 3 dragon dance 舞龍 23 Double Nine 重陽節 Festival 4 firecrackers 鞭炮 24 Sun Yat-sen’s 國父誕辰紀念日 Birthday 5 family reunion 家庭團聚 25 Easter 復活節 6 red envelop 紅包 26 Valentine’s Day 西洋情人節 7 carnation 康乃馨 27 April Fool’s Day 愚人節 8 taboo 禁忌 28 the Fourth of 美國國慶日 July 9 Chinese New 除夕 29 Halloween 萬聖節 Year’s Eve 10 Chinese New 農曆新年 30 Thanksgiving 感恩節 Year’s Day Day 11 Lantern Festival 元宵節 31 Christmas Day 聖誕節 12 Sun Yat-sen’s 國父逝世紀念 32 five-day work 週休二日 Memorial Day 日 week 13 Youth Day 青年節 33 legal holiday 法定假日 14 Women and 婦幼節 34 spring recess 春假 Children Day 15 Tomb-sweeping 清明節 35 summer vacation 暑假 Day 16 Mother’s Day 母親節 36 winter vacation 寒假 17 Chinese Lover’s 七夕情人節 37 to watch the 賞月 Day moon 18 Ghost Festival 中元節 38 to review the 閱兵 forces 19 Confucius’ 教師節 39 sticky rice 粽子 Birthday dumpling (Teacher’s Day) 20 Mid-Autumn 中秋節 40 reunion dinner 團圓飯 (Moon) Festival IV. Re-description of the Story Some Work and Some Play We all need t work, but we also need some leisure to balance our lives. Luckily, There is a rewarding way to combine the two, and it’s known as a working holiday. The idea is simple enough, it is a vacation that normally lasts for several months, and you divide your time between recreation and work. The most common working holiday is one that involves basic manual labor but also includes some sightseeing. In some places, you can offer a few hours of labor in exchange for room and board. The most popular countries in the world for working holidays are Australia and New Zealand. Both of these countries offer a working visa to those between the ages of 18 and 30, as long as you have a return ticket and enough cash to support yourself. Once you have obtained your visa, you can travel, work, and even study for up to one year. Before you start packing your bags, you need to know the type of work you will do. Most people either work in the hospitality industry such as in hotels, restaurants, and bars, or choose fruit picking. The latter means you will be harvesting a wild range of foods. These include grapes, bananas, orchard grits, and things that are not fruit, like cotton, prawns, and even lobsters. Probably the best thing about a working holiday is that you can get a taste of many different cultures. Although you will only visit one country, you can meet people from all over the world. It can broaden your horizons and be an experience that you end up treasuring for the rest of your life Working holidays can also give you a lot of freedom to really explore a country. You can get off the beaten track 人跡罕至之地 and visit spots the average tour bus would never go near. Australia and New Zealand have a lot to offer if you have an abundance of time. You can climb glaciers in New Zealand, go scuba diving in the ocean by the Great Barrier Reef, or watch koalas, kangaroos, and other wildlife in the Australian outback. If you can get the balance between working and sightseeing right, a working holiday can be both a learning experience and an unforgettable adventure. V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question. 1. What do you usually do on holidays? 2. Where do people like to go and do for the Moon Festival? 3. How many Chinese festivals are there? Which one is your favorite 4. What do most children get on Lunar New Year’s Eve? And what do families do then? 5. Define “working holidays. 6. Before you pack your bags for working holidays, what are the things we need to know? 7. What the experiences that we can acquire from working holidays? 8. Do you think it proper for a university student to have a part time job? Unit 9 Arranging recreation I. Useful phrases and idioms English Chinese 1 do yoga 練瑜珈 The woman does yoga every morning at six a.m. 2 go to the beach 到海水浴場 We go to the beach every summer. 3 go swimming 去游泳 It’s hot outside; let’s go swimming! 4 play volleyball 打排球 This week we are playing volleyball in gym class. 5 work out 健身訓練 Tina works out at the gym every day during her lunch time. 6 go ahead 著手進行，動身，請 The party will go ahead as planned, despite the typhoon. 7 take a nap 打個盹 Mark takes a nap during lunchtime every day. II. Dialogue Kim 用功了一個禮拜，我真的需要一些運動。 Ted 我們何不去海邊輕鬆一下？ Kim 那不算運動。我們該去游泳，打排球。 Ted 我太累。我們何不下下西洋棋或打個小牌。 Kim 你真懶！運動很好玩。走吧，我們去活動活動。 Ted 妳自己去吧！別理我。妳不需要我。去練瑜珈或做一些事吧！ Kim 我不知道怎麼練瑜珈！ Ted 別看我，我要小睡一會兒！ Kim After studying all week, I surely need some exercise. Ted Why don’t we go to the beach and relax? Kim That’s not exercise. We should go swimming, play volleyball… Ted I’m too tired. Why don’t we just play chess, or play some cards? Kim You’re lazy! Exercise is fun. Come on. Let’s go to work out. Ted Go ahead without me. You don’t need me. Go to do yoga or something. Kim I don’t know how to do yoga. Ted Don’t look at me! I’m going to take a nap. III. Word Bank 1 baseball 棒球 21 boxing 拳擊 2 basketball 籃球 22 aerobics 有氧舞蹈 3 volleyball 排球 23 fencing 擊劍 4 tennis 網球 24 karate 空手道 5 soccer 足球 25 rocking climbing 攀岩 6 handball 手球 26 bungee jumping 高空彈跳 7 squash 迴力球 27 bird watching 賞鳥 8 softball 壘球 28 horse riding 騎馬 9 badminton 羽毛球 29 archery 射箭 10 ping-pong (table 乒乓球 30 jogging 慢跑 tennis) 11 ice hockey 冰上曲棍球 31 track and field 田徑運動 12 dodge ball 躲避球 32 marathon 馬拉松 13 bowling 保齡球 33 javelin 標槍 14 billiards 撞球 34 discus 鐵餅 15 street dancing 街舞 35 broad jump 跳遠 16 in-line skating 直排輪 36 pole vault 撐竿跳 17 skateboarding 滑板 37 horizon bar 單槓 18 stationary rings 吊環 38 skipping rope 跳繩 19 body building 健身運動 39 tug-of-war 拔河 20 trampoline 健身彈簧墊 40 Frisbee 飛盤 IV. Re-description of the Story Recreation The average work week in Taiwan is 40 hours. This gives the worker sufficient time for recreation. Many people take part in some kind of sports. For many years, baseball, football, basketball, and tennis have been popular sports. Other popular sports include swimming, bicycling, in-line skating, and all kinds of all games. In communities all over Taiwan, playgrounds, swimming pools, and recreation centers are provided. Many cities have tennis courts, baseball fields, swimming pools, and playgrounds that are lighted at night. Thousands of workers get a two-week or longer vacation with pay. This enables them to travel, even go abroad. They especially enjoy seeing the beautiful scenery and natural wonders and sites of historic interest. Each year millions of people visit national parks. People spend their free time in a wide variety of ways. Photography, stamp-collecting, and gardening are only a few of the most popular hobbies. Others include painting, sculpture, and woodworking. People like to do things to make their homes more attractive. Many study in their spare time; some go to night school to advance their education. And many people go to the movies and watch TV or DVDs. V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question. 1. Name some sports that are very popular in Taiwan. 2. What do most workers in Taiwan do on their vacation? 3. What are your recreation activities? 4. How do maintain a sound mind in a sound body? 5. How often do you go to a movie and who do you go with? I don’t go to a movie very often, maybe only once three months, since I don’t have much free time. When I go to a movie, usually I will go with my families and we like to have a big meal after seeing the movie. A wonderful movie plus a terrific meal is really a big enjoyment in life. 6. If you could have a ten-day vacation, where would you like to go and what would you do? I would like to take a ten-day vacation in Hawaii. I heard the beach there is beautiful and the weather is mild. I might go shopping, swimming, and maybe go sailing too. I’ve always wanted to go to Hawaii to have the exotic experience—hula dances, barbecues and soft music. 7. Your parents think the whole family needs more exercise, so they are considering hiking in the mountains every Saturday. What do you think of this idea? It’s not a bad idea. After all, hiking is very good exercise. It doesn’t cost much money. It’s convenient and easy to do. Hiking with the family would bring the family closer together. Actually, I think it’s an excellent idea. 8. Do you enjoy reading the entertainment section of the newspaper? Why or why not? Yes, I do. Reading the entertainment section makes me relaxed and happy. A lot of the stuff is really funny and interesting, sometimes even ridiculous. I always laugh a lot when I read that section. Unit 10 Making traveling I. Useful phrases and idioms English Chinese 1 take a vacation 度假 Many people like to take vacations during Chinese New Year. 2 go sightseeing 去觀光 We like to go sightseeing when we are on vacation. 3 take a tour 旅行，參觀 If we take a tour around the city, we can see all the attractions in one day. 4 go on a road trip 開車旅行 Last summer we went on a road trip across the United States. 5 check out (the sights) 欣賞風景 Have you had a chance to check out the sights since you’ve been in town? 6 off the beaten track 很少人去的路線 When I travel, I like to stay away from the main tourist attractions and get off the beaten track. II. Dialogue Kim 你在做什麼？ Ted 我想度個假，你知道，到某個地方觀光。 Kim 觀光？我以為你不喜歡走路到任何地方。 Ted 我不是指走路。我們可以搭遊覽車旅行。這樣我們就不必走路了。 Kim 你是說真的？我們不必搭遊覽車，我們可以自己開車。 Ted 你是說，自己開車旅行。 Kim 是啊！我們可以自己欣賞所有的風景。 Ted 好主意！我們可以避開熱門路線。 Kim What are you doing? Ted I want to take a vacation. You know, go sightseeing somewhere. Kim Sightseeing? I thought you didn’t like walking anywhere. Ted I don’t mean walking. We can take a tour on a tour bus. Then we don’t have to walk. Kim Are you serious? We don’t have to go on a tour bus. We can drive ourselves. Ted You mean, go on a road trip? Kim Yeah, we can check out all the sights on our own. Ted Great idea! We can get off the beaten track. III. Word Bank 1 B&B (Bed and 民宿 21 passport 護照 Breakfast) 2 daily necessities 日常必需品 22 visa 簽證 3 interchange 交流道 23 boarding pass 登機證 4 High Occupancy 高乘載車輛專 24 customs 海關 Vehicle Control 用管制 5 ramp metering 匝道儀控管制 25 metal detector 金屬探測器 control 6 domestic flight 國內班機 26 to be searched 被搜身 7 international 國際班機 27 waiting room 候機室 flight 8 charter flight 包機 28 departure 出境 9 check-in counter 辦理搭機的櫃 29 first class 頭等艙 臺 10 to assign the seat 劃位 30 business class 商務艙 11 ticket office 票務組 31 economy class 經濟艙 12 list 名單 32 aisle seat 走道位置 13 standby 候補 33 window seat 靠窗位置 14 to confirm 確認 34 no-smoking sign 禁煙燈號 15 to check baggage 托運行李 35 safety equipment 安全設備 16 baggage 行李檢查 36 life vest 救生衣 inspection 17 porter 搬運工人 37 cabin crew 機組人員 18 vaccination 疫苗接種 38 pilot 飛機駕駛 19 immigration 移民局 39 flight attendant 空服員 20 document 文件 40 turbulence 亂流 IV. Re-description of the Story Jiuzhaigou （九寨溝） There is an old Chinese legend about a boy named Dage. To show his love for the beautiful goddess Woluo Semo, he gave her a mirror made out of the wind. Evil spirits interfered, causing the goddess to break the mirror. The pieces of this mirror fell over a mountain area in the north of China’s Sichuan （四川）province. They turned into more than one hundred lakes that are as pure and beautiful as jade. The area is known as Jiuzhaigou, the Fairyland on Earth. Jiuzhaigou means “Nine Village Valley.” Tibetan （藏族的）and Qiang （羌族 的）people have lived in this area for hundreds of years, but in 1972, disaster struck. The Chinese government discovered the area, and for almost a decade they cut down trees and almost destroyed the valley’s natural beauty. In 1982, the government wisely decided to turn Jiuzhaigou into a national park. At first, this site remained relatively unknown, and only 5,000 people a year visited. Much has changed since the eighties, though. Today in high season, this park averages 12,000 tourists per day, and these visitors are rarely disappointed. Jiuzhaigou is so beautiful the in 1992, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) made it a World Heritage Site, making sure that this special valley will be conserved for future generation. V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question. 1. Briefly explain the legend about Jiuzhaigou. 2. What disaster struck when the Chinese Government first discovered Jiuzhaigou? 3. What’s the wise policy that the Chinese Government took to revive Jiuzhaigou? 4. If you have a trip to the Mainland China, do you like to put Jiuzhaigou into your itinerary? 5. When you’ve been working or studying too hard, what do you usually do to relax? I love music and sports. When I’ve been studying too hard and I am tired, I usually listen to classical music or play flute. And FM 99.7, the Philharmonic Radio Station is my favorite and I always tune in to the station while working. 6. What was the happiest thing you did last year? Why did it make you happy? Last year I visited my sister in San Jose for a whole month. It was the fourth time I stayed in the United States for such a long period. I learned a lot about different customs and life styles. It was really a worthwhile experience. 7. Your sister wants to go shopping, but you want to stay home and watch a good movie on TV. Convince her that both of you should stay home. Hey, Linda, there’s a good movie on HBO at three o’clock. How about we just stay home for the movie and go out tomorrow? Besides, the weather report said there’s a good chance of a thunderstorm this afternoon. Come on, stay home with me, please. 8. Your friend is planning to take a trip alone, but you think it’s a better idea to join a tour group. Convince him to change his mind. John, you’re going to take a trip to France? You haven’t been there before, right? I think I would be better to join a tour group. You know why? First of all, you don’t know the language French. How will you communicate with people or read the signs everywhere? You will easily get lost. Secondly, it can be dangerous. You don’t know anyone and people might take advantage of you. There’s safety in numbers, so why not join a tour group? Unit 11 Driving a Car I. Useful phrases and idioms English Chinese 1 Get a speeding ticket 拿到超速罰單 Emily lost her license after getting too many speeding tickets. 2 fill it up 加滿油 The car is almost out of gas; we had better stop to fill it up. 3 get into a fender-bender 遇上小車禍 Fran got into a fender-bender on her way to work; she drove into the car in front of her. 4 break down 拋錨；故障；崩潰 Lester’s car broke down on the highway. 5 tune up 調整；保養 You should get your car tuned up every five thousand kilometers. 6 step on it 加速；動作快一點。 Could you step on it, please? 7 get it in gear 動身出發 We’re pressed for time; get it in gear! 8 get a move on 快走；快一點 It’s getting dark; let’s get a move on. IV. Dialogue Ted 老實說，我開我表哥的車覺得不太自在。 Kim 為什麼？只要用完的時候加滿油就行了。 Ted 可是萬一我遇上了小車禍怎麼辦？或是車子在金門大橋上拋錨？ Kim 放輕鬆。你表哥說這車才剛保養過。只要小心開就好了。 Ted 但是萬一我拿到超速罰單呢？你老是催我要快一點，要加速。 Kim 不會在你開車時啦！現在我們趕快動身出發吧，我們正在浪費時間。 Ted 瞧，你已經在催我要快一點了。 Kim 不，我沒有。我們快走吧！那些店在等著我們呢！ Ted Actually, I’m not comfortable driving my cousin’s car. Kim Why? Just fill it up when we’re done. Ted But what if I get into a fender-bender? Or I breaks down on the Golden Gate Bridge? Kim Relax. Your cousin said the car was jus tuned up. Just drive carefully. Ted But what if I get a speeding ticket? You’re always telling me to hurry up, to step on it. Kim Not when you’re driving! Now let’s get it in gear; we’re wasting time. Ted See, you’re already telling me to hurry up. Kim No, I’m not. Let’s get a move on. The shops are waiting for us. V. Word Bank 1 automobile 汽車 21 turn signal 方向燈 2 imported car 進口車 22 hood 引擎蓋 3 sedan 轎車 23 windshield 擋風玻璃 4 RV (recreation 休旅車 24 windshield wiper 雨刷 vehicle) 5 light commercial 商用車 25 front seat 前座 vehicle 6 police car 警車 26 back seat 後座 7 tow truck 拖吊車 27 seat belt 安全帶 8 ambulance 救護車 28 trunk 車後行李箱 9 fire engine 消防車 29 stereo equipment 音響設備 10 garbage truck 垃圾車 30 air bag 安全氣囊 11 scooter 速克達 31 license plate 車牌 12 stroller 嬰兒車 32 maximum speed 最高速限 13 starter 啟動器 33 minimum speed 最低速限 14 engine 引擎 34 break failure 煞車失靈 15 steering wheel 方向盤 35 flat tire 輪胎沒氣 16 clutch 離合器 36 traffic accident 交通事故 17 front bumper 前保險桿 37 a chain collision 連環車禍 (a pile up) 18 emergency brake 手煞車 38 median 安全島 19 rear-view mirror 後視鏡 39 toll station 收費站 20 headlight 頭燈 40 rush hours 交通顛峰時間 IV. Re-description of the Story Driving Safety One weapon has killed more of your countrymen than all the wars your country has fought. Every day hundreds of people are killed or injured. This weapon is a car. A car traveling 20 kilometers per hour or more becomes a missile that can destroy any human in its path. Only by being very careful can a driver avoid killing other people or himself. One of the most common causes of accidents is that drivers are not concentrating on their driving. Sometimes a person is irritated with his friends, spouse, or living situation and is thinking about his problems rather than his driving. Unconsciously he may be increasing his speed and paying very little attention to other cars and people. He may not see a red light, a car suddenly stopping in front of him, or a person walking across the road. A driver should concentrate on driving. The passengers should avoid distracting him. Another thing that causes accidents is the very common impulse to take a chance. Everyone takes chances sometimes. But some people gamble only when they drive a car. They are betting their lives for nothing. Here are some things that a driver gambles on: A. I bet I can pass that car before the oncoming car gets here. B. I bet I can pass that car on this hill and that there is no car on the side of the hill. Remember, if a driver wins his bet, he wins nothing; if he loses, he may lose his life. V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question. 1. Explain a situation where an accident happens because a driver takes a chance. 2. Why should a driver concentrate on driving? 3. What effects does alcohol have on a driver and his ability to drive? 4. If you had money, what kind of car would you buy? 5. Explain some reasons why we often have traffic jams. Taiwan s not a big island, but there are twenty million people living here. So, it’s crowded when everyone is going to and from school and work during rush hours. People prefer cars or motorbikes to mass transportation, so the traffic often gets jammed. 6. Do you prefer a job which pays well but is far from your home, or a job that pays less but is close? Why? I prefer a job which pays less but is close to my home. I don’t want to spend time in traffic. To avoid traffic jams, I would have to leave home very early. I have a had time waking up early, so I wouldn’t take a job that was far away. 7. Have you ever been caught in a traffic jam? How did you feel? Oh, yes, I’ve been caught in a traffic jam many times. I go to school in the morning during rush hours, so I’m in a traffic jam almost every day. Of course, it’s not a comfortable situation, but I try to make the best of it by taking out a book and getting in some reading. 8. A repairman came to fix your air conditioner in your car yesterday, but today it stopped working again. What will you do? I’ll call the repairman again and tell him that he didn’t do a good job yesterday because my air conditioner is still not working right. And then, I’ll ask him to come over and fix the air conditioner and make sure it will works properly. Unit 12 Discussing weather and seasons I. Useful phrases and idioms English Chinese 1 pour down rain 下一場豪雨 It began pouring down rain, so we had to go inside. 2 rain cats and dogs 下起傾盆大雨 It’s raining cats and dogs. Let’s stay in the coffee shop for a while. 3 sunny out 晴朗無雲的 It’s sunny out; we should go outside and enjoy the weather. 4 clear up 放晴 It’s cloudy now, but if it clears up, we can go swimming. 5 warm up 轉暖 It usually warms up a little at this time of year. 6 get some sun 曬曬太陽 Kim wants to go to the beach to get some sun; she thinks her skin is too pale. 7 cool down 轉涼 It has been cooling down outside. 8 cloud over 轉陰 As soon as we jumped into the swimming pool, it clouded over, and began to rain. VI. Dialogue Kim 剛才外面天氣好晴朗；借你表哥的敞篷車真是個好主意。 Ted 我很高興今早放晴了，所以我們可以把車頂放下。 Kim 是啊！而且天氣也變的暖和多了。我們也許該去海邊曬太陽。 Ted 我只慶幸車子沒出什麼事。 Kim 實際上，現在稍稍轉涼了一點，而且天氣也轉陰了。 Ted 我本來很擔心我們可能會弄壞車子或什麼的。我表哥會生氣。 Kim 你看穿窗戶外面，雨下得好大啊！嘿！你停車的時候，有沒有把車頂 拉回去？ Ted 喔！沒！ Kim It was so sunny out earlier. Borrowing your cousin’s convertible was a great idea. Ted I’m glad it cleared up this morning, so we could put the roof down on the car. Kim Yeah, it warmed up a lot, too. We probably should have gone to the beach, to get some sun. Ted I’m just glad nothing happened to the car. Kim Actually, it’s cooling down a bit, and clouding over now. Ted I was worried we might hurt it or something. Kim Look out the window. It’s pouring down rain! Hey, did you put the roof back up when you parked the car? Ted Oh, no! II. Word Bank 1 the Central 中央氣象局 21 fog 霧 Weather Bureau 2 Weather forecast 天氣預報 22 thunder 雷 3 to predict 預測 23 get struck 遭雷擊 4 Centigrade 攝氏 24 lightning rod 避雷針 5 Fahrenheit 華氏 25 parasol 陽傘 6 zero degrees 攝氏零度 26 hurricane 颶風 centigrade 7 current 現在溫度 27 tornado 龍捲風 temperature 8 seasonal changes 季節變化 28 drought 乾旱 9 subtropics 亞熱帶 29 flood 洪水 10 high pressure 高氣壓 30 magnitude on the 芮氏規模 Richter scale 11 low pressure 低氣壓 31 tsunami 海嘯 12 cold air 冷空氣 32 acid rain 酸雨 13 cold front 冷鋒 33 mud slide 土石流 14 chilly 寒冷的 34 sand storm 沙塵暴 15 breeze 微風 35 El nino 聖嬰現象 16 chance of rain 下雨機率 36 La nina 反聖嬰現象 17 treacherous 晴時多雲偶陣 37 to do damage 造成損害 weather 雨 18 drizzling 下毛毛雨 38 raincoat 雨衣 19 welcome rain 甘霖 39 mosquito coil 蚊香 20 extremely heavy 豪雨 40 mosquito spray 滅蚊噴劑 rain IV. Re-description of the Story Green Business A Green Consumer’s Guide A. Products are made from recycled materials or renewable resources taken in a way that does not damage the environment. B. Products are long-lasting and reusable. They can be recycled or are truly biodegradable. C. Products use minimal packaging. D. Products information on manufacturing, such as location, labor practices, and animal testing is stated clearly, and the manufacturer’s web site or contact address is supplied. The Body Shop is an international specialty retailer that develops, manufactures and sells innovative hair, skin, and color cosmetic products. Founder Anita Roddick opened her first shop in Brighton, England in 1976. There are now more than 2,000 shops worldwide. From our best-selling Peppermint Foot Lotion to our innovative Brazil Nut Conditioner; our special Animal’s in Danger line for children to our Activist Aftershave Spray for men, our products provide high quality and value for people who care about themselves and their world. The business practices of the Body Shop are defined by our core values: caring for the environment through renewable and sustainable resources; managing waste, reducing pollution, and improving energy efficiency in our operations; raising awareness through training and education; and a commitment to full disclosure of our environmental assets. V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question. 1. What are the principles of green products? 2. What are the core values of the Body Shop? 3. What is your favorite season? Why? 4. What do you think is the best way to get the weather report? 5. Your homework assignment is due today, but you haven’t finished it yet. Explain to the teacher why your assignment is late. I know today is the deadline for our homework assignment, but I am embarrassed to say I won’t be able to turn it in on time. I spent too much time collecting data and thinking how to organize the paper. I am sorry that I didn’t’ manage my time well. 6. Have you learned something from your friends? What? Yes, I’ve learned many things form my best friend, Christine. She is a very intelligent girl, but she is not arrogant. She is very kind and always put herself in someone’s shoes. I learned form her that modesty and kindness are more important than popularity. 7. If you won a million dollars in the national lottery, what would you do with the money? Why? I might save half the money for my future studies, since I’m still thinking of pursuing a higher degree. And with the other half, I’d take a trip to Europe with my family. I’m interested in European culture. If I won some money in the national lottery, I would definitely spend some of it on a trip to Europe. 8. You hear that a language institute near your home is offering English courses at night. Call the school and ask some questions. Hi, is this the language school? I heard that you’re offering some interesting English courses at night, and I’d like to know more about it. How many levels do you have? How much is the tuition? Do I need to take an entrance exam? Do you have a course schedule? Unit 13 Seeing a doctor I. Useful phrases and idioms English Chinese 1 out of shape 身體狀況不佳；身體走樣 Hank was out of shape, so he began exercising every day. 2 come down with something 生病 Helen feels terrible. She thinks she’s coming down with something. 3 catch a cold 患感冒 Wear a coat or you’ll catch a cold. 4 under the weather 感到不舒服 She’s been a bit under the weather recently. 5 run a fever 發燒 If you are running a fever, you should definitely see a doctor. 6 feel like (oneself) again) 恢復健康 Take this medicine and you’ll be feeling like yourself again soon. 7 sick in bed 臥病在床 James couldn’t go camping with us because he was sick in bed with a cold. II. Dialogue Kim 你準備好照我的計畫去健行了嗎？ Ted 我覺得好難受。我想我大概生病了。 Kim 你沒事的。你不過是身體狀況不佳罷了。你需要運動。 Ted 不，是真的。我想我感冒了。 Kim 一天到晚待在家裡打電玩，誰都會覺得不舒服。 Ted 我好熱，我想我發燒了。 Kim 我確定你很好。散散步就會使你覺得舒服了。相信我。 Ted 我不能跟你去郊遊！我正臥病在床。 Kim 是嘛！那我怎麼聽到電玩的聲音？ Kim Are you ready to go hiking as we planned? Ted I feel terrible. I think I’m coming down with something. Kim You’re OK. You’re just out of shape. You need to exercise. Ted No, really. I think I’ve caught a cold. Kim Staying home all the time playing video games would make anyone feel under the weather. Ted I’m so hot! I think I’m running a fever. Kim I’m sure you’re fine You’ll feel like yourself again after a bit of walking. Trust me. Ted I can’t go hiking with you. I’m sick in bed. Kim Yeah? Then why do I hear video games in the background.? III. Word Bank 1 athlete’s foot 香港腳 21 National Health 全民健保 Insurance 2 cholera 霍亂 22 health center 衛生所 3 anemia 貧血 23 Cashier/Registration 批價/掛號櫃臺 Counter 4 to suffer a stroke 中風 24 to register 掛號 5 heart attack 心臟病發作 25 Pharmaceutical 領藥窗口 Dispensary 6 symptom 徵兆 26 emergency room 急診室 7 to bring down the 退燒 27 hospitalization 住院 fever 8 runny nose 流鼻水 28 ward 病房 9 stuffy nose 鼻塞 29 private room 頭等病房 10 sneezing 打噴嚏 30 semiprivate room 二等病房 11 to vomit 嘔吐 31 visiting hours 訪客時間 12 corns 雞眼 32 “No visitors” 謝絕訪客 13 undernourishment 營養不良 33 intern 實習醫生 14 checkup 檢查 34 resident physician 住院醫生 15 to take one’s 量身高 35 attending physician 主治醫生 height 16 to weigh 量體重 36 quack 庸醫 17 scale 體重機 37 stethoscope 聽診器 18 to take one’s 量脈搏 38 blood pressure 血壓計 pulse gauge 19 ice bag 冰袋 39 bandage 繃帶 20 treatment 治療 40 band-aid OK 繃 IV. Re-description of the Story Punk and Yoga Come Together A yoga instructor in Seattle has a new way to exercise, a very new way: punk rock-yoga. The two seem like they could not be more different. Yoga is slow and healthy, and about spiritual discipline. Punk rock is fast and loud, and often about forgetting discipline. Yet the instructor, Kimberlee Jensen, has found a way to make them work together, with punk rock highlighting the yoga. The music is actually quiet and peaceful, but has the raw sound of punk. It changes with poses, as well as with students’ energy levels. Jensen began training as a yoga instructor a year ago, and started the class as part of that training. She decided to keep it going when she saw how popular it was. This is the latest of many new styles of yoga. They all show just how powerful yoga can be—that it can be mixed in so many ways. V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question. 1. Do you think if yoga is a good and convenient exercise? Why? Yes, I think yoga is a good exercise because it can help relax every piece of muscle in our bodies. Besides, it’s very convenient for us to do yoga because we can do it at home with only a mat anytime we are free. 2. Do you think it a wonderful idea to combine yoga with punk music? Yes, but the music is actually quiet and peaceful, but has the raw sound of punk. It changes with poses, as well as with students’ energy levels. 3. When was the last time you caught a cold? What did you do? Last month, I caught a light cold. I had a runny nose and kind of headache. I went to see a doctor immediately, but I didn’t take the medicine he gave to me. I just drank a lot of water and took more sleep. 4. Which one would you choose, health or wealth? It’s hard for me to make a choice between health and wealth. Without money, we can’t lead a decent life. Without health, everything can not be joyful. If I am asked to make such a difficult choice, health will be put ahead of wealth. 5. Do you care about your weight? What can a person do to lose weight? Yes, I do. I care about my weight because I want to be healthy. If a person wants to lose weight, they should eat less fat and sugar, and they need to exercise more. 6. How good are your eyes? How do you feel about wearing glasses? I am near-sighted. My eyes are not so good. I have worn glasses since I was thirteen years old. Wearing glasses is not convenient for doing some things, like playing basketball or eating hot pots. 7. Your brother injured his back last night. Give him some advice. Mark, I heard your back was injured last night, right? Does it still hurt? Why don’t you put an ice bag on it for a while? You should lie down and rest this morning. If you still feel uncomfortable at lunch time, I think you should go to see a doctor. 8. Many people enjoy chewing betel nuts. What do you think about chewing betel nuts? I think that chewing betel nuts is bad for many reasons. First, betel nut trees cause a lot of environmental problems. The trees of betel nuts don’t have very deep roots, so when it rains the soil washes away and there’s a landside. Second, betel nuts cause cancer. This is the reason why doctors strongly object. I think the government should ban betel nuts because they are bad both for people and the environment. Unit 14 Enjoying Movies and Television (The topic has been changed) I. Useful phrases and idioms English Chinese 1 on the same wavelength 想法一致 Bob and Jill work well together; they are definitely on the same wavelength. 2 would like ( to) 想要 John would like to eat steak now. 3 would rather 寧願 I would rather go swimming than go jogging. 4 up to (someone) 由（某人）決定 I don’t care where we go to eat; it’s up to you. 5 all right 好的 She was sick, but she is all right now. 6 insist on 堅持 She insisted on Japanese food for dinner. 7 have to 必須 When you enter he building, you have to show the guard your pass. II. Dialogue Kim 嗯， 我們採購完，也吃過午餐了。現在你想做什麼？去公園？還是 去看電影？ Ted 我比較想看電影。一直走路讓我覺得很累。 Kim 懶蟲！好吧。四點有一場，六點也有一場。你決定吧！ Ted 我們最好看早一點那一場。我還有一些作業要完成。 Kim 好吧！我只堅持一件事。 Ted 什麼事？ Kim 我們必須坐在前座。我不喜歡坐別的位置。 Ted 我們不是一向都坐在前排嗎？ Kim 好極了！很高興我們的看法一致。 Kim Well, we’ve been shopping, and we’ve eaten lunch. Now what would you like to do? Go to the park? See a movie? Ted I would rather see a movie. I’m tired from all of this walking. Kim Lazy bone! OK. There’s a show at four o’clock and another at six. It’s up to you. Ted We had better see the earlier show. I still have some homework to finish. Kim All right. There’s only one thing I insist on. Ted What’s that? Kim We have to sit in the front row. I don’t like to sit anywhere else. Ted Don’t we always sit in the front row? Kim Great! I’m glad to see that we’re on the same wavelength. III. Word Bank 1 movie poster 電影海報 21 cast 卡司（演員陣容） 2 now playing 今日放映 22 character 角色 3 coming soon 近期上映 23 leading 主角 actor/actress 4 first run 首輪 24 supporting 配角 actor/actress 5 emergency exit 安全門 25 stunt person 特技演員 6 ticket window 售票窗口 26 guest star 客串 7 half price for 軍警學生半價 27 variety show 綜藝節目 servicemen & 優待 students 8 ticket scalper 黃牛 (黃牛票) 28 film series 影集 (scalper’s ticket) 9 odd 單號 29 soap opera 連續劇 10 even 雙號 30 Taiwanese opera 台語歌仔戲 11 sold out 售完 31 puppet show 布袋戲 12 internet piracy 網路盜版 32 Peking opera 平劇 13 pirated movie 盜版電影 33 live telecast 實況轉播 14 horror film 恐怖片 34 program rating 收視率 15 detective movie 偵探片 35 couch potato 沈迷電視的人 16 kung fu movie 功夫片 36 TV highlights 電視節目表 17 western 西部片 37 satellite 衛星轉播 transmission 18 romance 愛情片 38 plasma TV 電漿電視 19 musical 音樂劇 39 LCD TV 液晶電視 20 animated film 動畫片 40 remote control 遙控器 IV. Re-description of the Story TV Viewing—Is It Damaging Your Child? According to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP), the average American child watches between three and four hours of TV each day. This equals about nine years of TV viewing by retirement age, and includes roughly 2,000,000 TV commercials. Many psychologists are worried about the effect that all this TV watching has on children’s behavior. There is concern that watching a lot of TV, especially programs with a violent content, can have a negative effect on children’s psychological development. The AACAP claims that children who watch a lot of television violence have higher levels of aggressive behavior. The average American child, for example, will have watched 1000,000 acts of TV violence, including 8,000 images of murder by the time he or she reaches the age of thirteen. Surprisingly, programs created for children can be the most violent types of shows, with an average of twenty-six violent acts such as hitting or bullying per hour, compared to fiver per hour during adults prime time. Psychologists believe that TV violence affects children in three main ways. First, they become immune to the violence they have seen, and begin to see it as normal behavior. Secondly, they accept the use of violence as a way to solve problems or get what they want. Finally, children copy the violent acts they see on TV. However, a study of children at Stanford University offers some reasons to be hopeful. The report, published in 2001, concludes that level of aggressive behavior in children can be reduced if parents monitor the programs their children see, and watch some TV shows with them. Parents should also limit the amount of time children are allowed to watch TV each day, and refuse to let children watch shows that contain violent scenes. V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question. 1. How many hours do the American children spend on watching TV? What effects might be produced on the children that spend too much time watching TV? 2. What measures can parents take to avoid the negative effects on children? 3. What is your favorite TV program? Why? 4. What do you usually do during commercials? 5. Do you think movies should be rated: Explain your reasons. Of course, I think movies should be rated. Movies with sex or violence are not good for children and teenagers. The whole society is responsible for protecting these young people from seeing these kinds of movies. So, we should rate movies and make sure children don’t see movies they’re not supposed to see. 6. Do you think students should begin to learn English in elementary school? Why or why not? Yes, I think students in Taiwan should begin to learn English in elementary school. English is an international language. If we want to communicate with people from other countries, we need to master this language. Also, many high-tech resources with the latest information are written in English. So, why don’t we learn English earlier? 7. In your opinion, what problems might be the oldest child in a family might face? In a traditional Chinese family, the oldest child is a role model for his or her younger sisters and brothers. They must behave the way everyone expects an ideal son or daughter should do. Therefore, many parents are stricter with the oldest child. The oldest child has the responsibility of helping with the younger brothers and sisters and caring for the parents when they’re old. This could become a burden for the oldest child. 8. Explain why some people in Taiwan call wedding invitations red bombs. A wedding invitation not only invites people to a wedding banquet but also asks for money in a red envelop. When people receive a wedding invitation, they know they have to spend money in the near future. That’s why people call it red bomb.
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