1st semester by pengxuebo


									                            U 1 Having a Leisure Talk
I.      Useful phrases and idioms
      English                                               Chinese
1     I’m all ears.                                         我在洗耳恭聽
“Are you listening to me?” “Of course, I’m all ears.”
2     talk over                                             討論
Let’s talk over this issue.
3     figure out                                            想出
We couldn’t figure out the puzzle; it was too difficult.
4     point out                                             指出
The teacher pointed out the mistakes in my composition.
5     hear (someone ) out                                   聽完
I’m not finished; hear me out.
6     think of                                              想到
Have you thought any solutions to the problem?
7     come up with                                          提出
She came up with a new idea for increasing sales.

II.     Dialogue
Ted       金,有件事我想和你談一談。
Kim         我洗耳恭聽。什麼事?
Ted         我得想個辦法買部車子。
Kim         車子!我必須提醒你,泰德,你是學生。你沒有足夠的錢買車。
Ted         聽我說完。我正在考慮找份兼差的工作
Kim         然後沒時間陪我!
Ted         是,不過我找到了解決的辦法。我們兩個可以一起工作。
Kim         要我工作!現在我知道你真的瘋了!

Ted         Kim, there’s something I want to talk over with you.
Kim         I’m all ears. What’s up?
Ted         I want to figure out a way to buy a car.
Kim         A car! I have to point out, Ted, that you’re a student. You don’t have
            enough money for a car.
Ted         Hear me out. I’m thinking of getting a part-time job…
Kim         And have no time to spend with me? Did you think of that?
Ted         Yes, but I think I’ve come up with a solution. We can both get a job
Kim           Me work? Now I know you’re crazy!

III.      Word Bank
1      true-false test      是非題             21 auditor             旁聽生
2      machine scored       電腦閱卷            22 faculty             教授群
3      quiz                 小考              23 syllabus            課程表
4      multiple-choice      複選題測驗           24 student             學生評鑑
       test                                    evaluation
5      practice exam        模擬考             25 call number         圖書編號
6      make-up (test)       補考              26 grade               成績
7      term paper           報告              27 repeat the same     留級
                                               grade/repeat a
8      cheating             作弊              28 suspension          停學
9      academic            實力測驗             29 drop out of         退學
       ability/achievement                     school
10 written test             筆試              30 transfer            轉學
11 listening                聽力測驗            31 school fee/tuition 學費
   comprehension test
12 oral exam                口試              32 school regulation   校規
13 skill/ability test       技能(術科)測 33 roll book                   出席簿
14 physical strength        體能測驗            34 skip/cut class      蹺課
   and fitness test
15 entrance ceremony        入學儀式            35 extracurricular     課外活動
16 academic/school          學年              36 handout             講義
17 term/semester            學期              37 transcript          成績單
18 credit                   學分              38 research            畢業論文
19 required course          必修課             39 class reunion       同學會
20 elective (subject)       選修課             40 resume              履歷表
IV.     Re-description: Traveling
I usually travel during my holidays, and when I have free time, which is usually
during the summer, I like to travel abroad. I like to go to the places that are scenic
because they make me feel so relaxed. I suppose out of all the places that I have been
to my favorite has to be Taroko gorge(太魯閣). It’s magnificent. Basically, I don’t
like to be herded around like sheep. I would much prefer to travel with a bunch of
friends. The only thing I like about traveling in groups is that everything is taken care

V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each
question; For questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question.
1. What do you like do in your leisure time?
2. How are you getting along with your roommates?
3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of having roommates?
4.   Do you eat anything after dinner? Like what?
5.   Describe the room you live in.
6.   Describe your everyday life.
7.   Have you ever talked all night long?
8. What can be found on your desk?
                            U 2 Finding Places to Eat
I.      Useful phrases and idioms
      English                                              Chinese
1     one’s eyes are bigger than one’s stomach             食慾大過食量
Your eyes are bigger than your stomach; you’ll never finish eating that much.
2 a tone of                                               大量的
We had a ton of complaints at the office today.
3 by a long shot; a long shot                      大幅度地; 希望渺茫
Sherry is the fastest swimmer—by a long shot (大幅領先)
4     by far                                               顯然地
Jenny said it was by far the best food she had ever had.
5     at (the) most                                        最多;頂多
There won’t be too many people at the party—twenty at the most.
6 what do you care                                      你幹嘛在乎   (不客氣的語
“Hey, you’re going to be late for class!” “What do you care? It’s none of your

II.     Dialogue
Ted       天啊!我吃了好多東西。這顯然是我長久以來吃到最棒的一餐。
Kim        我甚至沒辦法吃完我那份─根本不可能!
Ted        你點的牛排至少二十盎司
Kim        最多時盎司,好吧!不超過十五盎司
Ted        你根本不必點那份大沙拉,還有那些馬鈴薯跟大蒜麵包。
Kim        你覺得我點太多了?
Ted        你點了太多了。你的食慾比你的食量還大。
Kim        嗯!你幹嘛在乎
Ted        因為你的食慾比我的皮夾大多了。

Ted        Boy, I’ve eaten a ton of food. This was by far the best meal I’ve had in a
           long time.
Kim        I couldn’t even finish mine—by a long shot.
Ted        That steak you ordered had to be at least twenty ounces.
Kim        Ten at the most! Well… no more than fifteen.
Ted        And you didn’t have to order that large salad and those potatoes and that
               garlic bread.
Kim            You think I ordered too much?
Ted            You ordered way too much. Your eyes are bigger than your stomach.
Kim            Well, what do you care?
Ted            Because your eyes are also bigger than my wallet.

III.      Word Bank
1      buffet                  自助餐              21 braised pork rice   滷肉飯
2      salad bar               沙拉吧              22 ramen noodles       拉麵
3      roadside stand          路邊攤              23 wanton and          餛飩麵
4      food stand              小吃攤              24 hand cut noodles    刀削麵
5      night market            夜市               25 sesame paste        麻醬麵
6      stall                   攤販               26 boiled dumplings    水餃
7      midnight snack          宵夜               27 soup dumplings      湯餃
8      leftovers               剩菜               28 steam dumplings     蒸餃
9      sanitary                衛生的              29 tofu mousse         豆花
10 hepatitis                   肝炎               30 custard tart        蛋塔
11 cockroach                   蟑螂               31 milk shake          奶昔
12 soy milk                    豆漿               32 horse hooves        雙胞胎
13 rice & peanut               米漿               33 pearl tea           珍珠奶茶
14 Chinese pocket              燒餅               34 plum juice          酸梅汁
15 deep fried bread            油條               35 lemonade            檸檬汁
16 fried leek pocket           韭菜盒子             36 mango slush         芒果冰沙
17 steamed bun                 饅頭               37 popsicle            冰棒
18 meat bun                    肉包               38 Chinese herb tea    青草茶
19 vegetable bun               菜包               39 tea shake           泡沫紅茶
20 fired sticky rice           油飯               40 beverage            飲料
IV.       Vowel Sound Practice: /au/, 20ms
V.        Re-description of Breakfast like a king 10ms
VI.    Re-description: Breakfast Like a Kinh
    There is a saying: Breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince, and dine like a
pauper /o/. This means that breakfast should be the largest meal of you day. In many
countries, the biggest meal of the day is dinner. So why does this saying advise us to
eat a large breakfast instead?
      The answer is in the word breakfast itself, which means the ‘breaking’ of a ‘fast’
or a long period without eating. The gap between dinner and breakfast can be up to
twelve hours, so the meal that breaks your fast should be healthy and wholesome.
Also, unlike your evening meal, the food you consume for breakfast will give you
energy to use while you are active during the day. There is evidence that eating a big
breakfast particularly one containing whole grains fruit, can improve your
concentration and mood, boost your energy levels.
VI. Repeat my answers
V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each
question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question.
1. What do you usually have breakfast?
2. When do people have brunch? Why?
3. What do most students like to have for midnight snack?
4. Do you often eat out? Why and where?
5. Why do some people like to eat at food stands on the street: Do you like to or no
   and why?
6. What are the advantages and disadvantages of eating in a cafeteria?
7. When do Chinese people usually eat hot pot?
8. What’s your opinion of Taiwanese food and eating habits?
VII. Individual Speaking
                         U 3 Going to a Convenience Store
      I.      Useful phrases and idioms
      English                                                Chinese
1     at a loss                                              不知道
I’m completely at a loss.
2     I guess that’s all.                                    我想就是這些了。
Oranges, pineapples and bananas. I guess that’s all.
3     I tell you what.                                       我告訴你怎麼做。
I tell you what. You get your toothpaste. I get my cosmetics.
4 We are out of that right now.                            我們目前沒貨。
We are out of that right now. The next issue comes out tomorrow.
5 You bet.                                                當然。
You bet. Make yourself feel at home.
6     What’s over there?                                     那兒有什麼東西?
That’s food section. What’s over there?

      II.    Dialogue
Ted         讓我們在這間 7-11 停一下。我要拿些糖。
Kim         好啊!我喜歡四處看看。
Ted         我們可以在這裡付電話帳單及郵寄包裹。
Kim         是啊!看看其他在這裡的東西,糖果,報紙,書籍,玩具。那裡有什
Ted         我完全不知道。 我在找糖。
Kim         糖,它是在食物區,在 B 走道。
Ted         還有,你能告訴我家庭用品放在什麼地方?
Kim         當然。沿著走道走,然後左轉。
Ted         謝謝,你幫了大忙。

Ted         Let’s stop at this 7-eleven a minute. I need to get some sugar.
Kim         O.K. I’d like to look around.
Ted         We can pay phone bills and mail packages here.
Kim         Yes, but look at all the other things here: candy, newspapers, books, toys.
            What’s over there?
Ted         I am at a complete loss. I’m looking for the sugar.
Kim         Sugar. It’s in the food section, on aisle B.
Ted          One more thing, could you tell me where the household supplies are?
Kim          You bet. Go down this aisle and turn left.
Ted          Thanks. You’ve been very helpful.

      III.   Word Bank
1     beverages       飲料區                      21 merchandise        商品
2     frozen foods         冷凍食品                22 brand              品牌
3     dairy products       乳品區                 23 logo               商標
4     canned goods         罐頭區                 24 label              標籤
5     household            家用品區                25 on sale            大減價
6     cooking supplies     廚房用品區               26 promotion          促銷
7     pet food and         寵物用品區               27 pushcart           手推車
8     deli counter         熟食區                 28 tableware          餐具
9     bakery               麵包區                 29 hardware           五金用品
10 produce                 蔬果區                 30 stationery         文具
11 scale                   磅秤                  31 detergent          清潔劑
12 meat and poultry        肉品區                 32 laundry detergent 洗衣精
13 shopping basket         購物籃                 33 shampoo           洗髮精
14 health and              護膚產品區               34 dandruff           去頭皮屑洗髮精
   beauty care                                    shampoo
15 paper products          家用紙品區               35 shower gel         沐浴乳
16 cash register           收銀機                 36 toilet tissue      衛生紙
17 cashier                 收銀員                 37 toothpick          牙籤
18 barcode scanner         條碼掃瞄機               38 plug               插座
19 checkout counter        結帳櫃臺                39 battery            電池
20 shopping cart           購物車                 40 fake               贗品
     IV.     Re-description: Your Diet Destroying the Environment
How can eating meat have a negative effect on the environment? For a start, all
livestock animals such as cows, pigs, and sheep release methane gas by expelling
wind from their bodies. Methane gas is the second most common greenhouse gas after
carbon dioxide. Many environmental experts now believe that methane is more
responsible for global warming than carbon dioxide. It is estimated that twenty-five
percent of all methane released into the atmosphere comes from farm animals.
      Another way in which meat production affects the environment is through the
use of water and land. Two thousand five hundred gallons of water are needed to
produce one pound of beef, whereas twenty gallons of water are needed to produce
one pound of wheat. One acre of farmland used for raising livestock can produce 250
pounds of beef. One acre of farmland used for crop production can produce
40,000pounds of potatoes, 30,000 pounds of carrots, or 50,000 pounds of tomatoes.
     Many people now see the benefits of switching to a vegetarian diet, not just for
health reasons, but also because it plays a vital role in protecting the environment.

V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each
question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question.
1. What can you get at a convenience store? Name as many items as possible.
2. What is meant by “on sale”?
3. What does a convenience store sell for women?
4. Which brand of toothpaste do you prefer: Why?
5. Do you think it good to be a vegetarian? Why?
6. Do you think eating meat have a negative effect on the environment?
7. What causes global warming?
8. What can you do to protect the environment you are living in?
                                U4 Using a Computer
      I.      Useful phrases and idioms
      English                                                Chinese
1     cost an arm and a leg                                  極昂貴
Look at that camera! I bet it costs an arm and a leg.
2     big spender                                            揮霍的人
Tom is a big spender. He spends money as if he were a millionaire.
3 hard up for cash                                      手頭很緊
I had to sell my car because I’m hard up for cash.
4     scrape by                                              勉強維持生計
Alison scrapes by on the money from her part-time job.
5     money to burn                                          富有的
Another new pairs of sneakers? You must have money to burn.
6 save up                                             存錢
Daniel wants to save up for a new bike.

      II.    Dialogue
Kim         對了,敗家子,這部電腦多少錢?
Ted         喔!大概是四千美元。這是新型的。
Kim         我還以為你手頭很緊,你不是日子過得很拮据嗎?
Ted         我用的是信用卡,別擔心。
Kim         別擔心?那玩意太貴了。你生活得好像很有錢。
Ted         我有工作,你知道的。我有法子賺錢。
Kim         對,但是如果你繼續像這樣花錢,你永遠不可能花錢買車子。
Ted         有了網路,誰還要出門。
Kim         喔!

Kim         So, big spender, how much was this computer?
Ted         Oh, it was about four thousand dollars. It’s a new model.
Kim         I thought you were hard up for cash—you know, barely scraping by?
Ted         I used by credit card. Don’t worry.
Kim         Don’t worry? That thing cost an arm and a leg. You live like you have
            money to burn.
Ted         I have a job, you know. I have ways of making money.
Kim         Yes, but if you keep spending it like this, you’ll never be able to save up
            for a car.
Ted         With the Internet, who needs to go out?
Kim          Oh!

      III.   Word Bank
1     accessories     周邊設備                   21 USB Flash             隨身碟
                                                Drive, USB
                                                Jump Drive
2     browser            瀏覽器                 22 Anti-virus            防毒軟體
3     built-in           內建                  23 modem                 數據機
4     configuration      規格,配備               24 server                伺服器
5     desktop            桌電                  25 broadband             寬頻網路
6     DVD burner         DVD 燒錄器             26 ADSL                  非對稱數位用戶
                                                  (Asymmetric         迴路
                                                  Subscriber Line)
7     e-mail             郵件附件                27 hook up               電腦連線
8     monitor            螢幕                  28 cyber space           網路空間
9     portable           可攜帶的                29 online store          網路店面
10 click                 點擊                  30 e-commerce            網路商店
11 delete                刪除                  31 e-shopping            網路購物
12 download              下載                  32 e-bill                網路帳單
13 upload                上傳                  33 Internet auction      網路拍賣
14 update                更新                  34 computer-savvy        電腦高手
15 post                  張貼                  35 geek                  電腦玩家
16 insert                插入                  36 newbie                網路新手
17 spam                  垃圾信件                37 computer              電腦白癡
18 hard drive            硬碟                  38 community             社群
19 scanner               掃描器                 39 forum                 論壇
20 laser printer         雷射印表機               40 chatroom              聊天室

      IV.    Re-description: The Security of PC
      The convenience of the Internet, like all other things in the world, has drawbacks.
It has become extremely easy to exchange information and keep in contact with the
rest of the world. Yet it’s also easy for those with advanced computer skills and
malicious intentions to commit unlawful acts. Some release destructive viruses while
others hack computer networks to steal precious data.
To avoid becoming a cyber-crime victim, here are a few recommendations given by
computer experts First, install security software. When surfing on the Net, don’t give
out personal information and safeguard your passwords. Keep your security level set
at medium or high. All in all, use common sense, proceed with caution, and surf
V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each
question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question.
1. Does your computer ever give you any troubles?
2. How often do you surf the Internet? What are your favorite websites?
3. Do you blog? Do you think it interesting to have your own blog?
4. What are the benefits of the Internet?
5. What are the drawbacks of the Internet?
6. What are cyber crimes?
7. How do you protect your privacy while surfing on the Internet?
8. What are some security precautions you can take to protect your computer data?
                    Unit 5 Sending a Letter in a Post Office and
      I.      Useful phrases and idioms
      English                                               Chinese
1     make a withdrawal                                     提款
I’d like to make a withdrawal.
2     open an account                                       開戶
I couldn’t open an account in that back because I forgot to take my I.D. card.
3 How would you like your money?                           你想要什麼面額?
How would you like your money? In big bills?
4     Here you are.                                         拿去吧!
Here you are. See you next time. .
5     by the way                                            順便
By the way, could you tell me you e-mail address?

      II.    Dialogue
Kim         早安, 我想開一個新戶頭。
Clerk       你有帶兩種身份認證卡嗎?
Kim         是的,我有護照和這是身份證。
Clerk       好!
Kim         我可以兌現支票嗎?
Clerk       是的,當然。你想要什麼面額?大鈔或小鈔。
Kim         大鈔就好。
Clerk       拿去吧!
Kim         謝謝。我想順便寄信。
Clerk       請到一樓。

Kim         Good morning. I’d like to open an account.
Clerk       Do you have two forms of identification?
Kim         Yes, I have my passport and this is my I.D. card.
Clerk       All right.
Kim         Can I cash my check?
Clerk       Yes, of course. How would you like your money? Large bills or small
Kim         Large is O.K..
Clerk       Here you are.
Kim         Thank you very much. By the way, I’d like to mail a letter?
Clerk       First floor, please.
    III.   Word Bank
1   envelop         信封                      21 banking hours         銀行營業時間
2   aerogram            航空郵簡                22 teller’s window       出納窗口
3   postcard            明信片                 23 bank book             銀行存摺
4   package/parcel      包裹                  24 savings account       存款帳戶
5   printed             印刷品                 25 current account       活存帳戶
6   stamp               郵票                  26 long-term             定期存款
7   postage             郵資                  27 traveler’s check      旅行支票
8   post due            郵資不足                28 bounced check         空頭支票
9   post mark           郵戳                  29 Chop, inkpad          印章, 印泥
10 zip code             郵遞區號                30 ATM (auto teller      自動提款機
11 post office box      郵政信箱                31 ATM card              提款卡
   (P.O. box)
12 mailbox              信箱                  32 debit card            轉帳卡
13 c/o (in care of)     由…轉交                33 credit card           信用卡
14 return receipt       回執收據                34 deposit slip          存款單
15 local mail           本地郵件                35 transfer              轉帳
16 out-of-town mail     外地郵件                36 foreign currency      外幣
17 regular mail         一般郵件                37 foreign exchange      外匯
18 surface mail         海運郵件                38 interest rate         利率
19 ordinary mail        平信                  39 simple interest       單利
20 express mail         快遞郵件                40 compound              複利

IV. Re-description of the Story

                                   The Good Life
         How much money do you need to be happy? For many, the answer to this
    question is simple: “More!” Despite paying lip-service to the notion that money
    and material things are secondary to family, love, and friends, people all around
    the world still pursue money as if it is the only thing that can make them happy.
    Everyone seems to be working harder and harder for higher pay at the expense of
    spending time with their families. People are spending more than ever before, and
    going deeper and deeper into debt each year. It’s “the good life,” and more and
     more people are clamoring to get it. But does having and spending a lot of money
     really make us happier?
           Researchers found out long ago that the link between income and happiness
     is rather weak for most people. Many conclude that once you have enough money
     to meet basic needs such as food and shelter, having more money does little to
     help your happiness and general satisfaction with life. Why do more money and
     more things fail to make us happier? The problem is that we quickly get used to
     having more money and new things. Initially, we may feel euphoric when we get
     that bigger apartment or new car, cut we soon get used to having it and then it
     doesn’t seem so special any more. And when we hear that our friends or relatives
     now have bigger apartments and newer cars, we become dissatisfied with what
     we have. So what place should money have in your life? This is entirely up to you,
     but consider what you would like to say when you look back on your life in your
     golden years.
V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each
question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question.
1. Where do you keep your money?
2. What do you think about the postal service in Taiwan?
3.   Why is it important to write your return address on a package?
4.   Can we open a saving account in a post office? How do we do that?
5.   What are the advantages and disadvantages of having a lot of money?
6.   How much money do you need to be happy?
7.   Do you think that money and material things are secondary to family?
8.   Why doesn’t more money make us happier?
                                 Unit 6 Shopping for Clothes

      I.       Useful phrases and idioms
      English                                                     Chinese
1     Is this color you have in mind?                             這是你想要的顏色嗎?
The red blouse. Is this color you have in mind?
2     have (something) on special                                 (什麼)特賣會?
Do you like to go to Breeze Center this afternoon? They have sandals on special.
3 Let me have a look.                                    讓我看看。
I want to make sure it is the right size. Let me have a look.
4 The prices tag says…                                      標籤上寫的是…
The prices tag says NT$1,000.
5     Try it on.                                                  試穿
Try it on. How does it fit?

      II.     Dialogue
Clerk        需要我幫忙嗎?
Kim          是的,我要看一套西裝,深灰色的。
Clerk        你穿幾號?
Kim          大概 38 號。
Clerk        這是 38 號,全羊毛的。這是你要的顏色嘛。試試看。
Kim          讓我看看。多少錢?
Clerk        標價是 5,000 元,但是這個月它是特賣品,2,500 元,免費修改。
Kim          我買了。請包起來。
Clerk        給您!

Clerk        May I help you?
Kim          Yes, please. I’d like to see a suit. In dark grey.
Clerk        What size do you wear?
Kim          About size 38.
Clerk        Here is a 38, all wool. Is this color you have in mind? Try it on.
Kim          Let me have a look. How much is it?
Clerk        The price tag says NT$5,000, but we have it on special this month for
             NT$2,500, with free alternations.
Kim          I’ll take it. Please wrap it.
Clerk        Here you are.

      III.     Word Bank
1   original price      原價                  21 blouse                女襯衫
2   set price           不二價                 22 windbreaker           風衣
3   discount            打折                  23 overcoat              外套
4   20% discount        全館八折                24 sweater               毛衣
5   on sale             大減價                 25 pullover              套頭毛衣
6   year end sale       年終大減價               26 leather jacket        皮夾克
7   clearance sale      清倉大拍賣               27 belt                  皮帶
8   buy one get one     買一送一                28 scarf                 圍巾
9   cash register       收銀機                 29 gloves                手套
10 to buy on            分期付款買               30 button                扣子
11 down payment         頭期款                 31 zipper                拉鍊
12 display window       展示櫥窗                32 leisure suit          休閒服裝
13 gift shop            禮品店                 33 bell-bottom pants 喇叭褲
14 glassware            玻璃器皿                34 hot pants         熱褲
15 chinaware            瓷器                  35 jeans                 牛仔褲
16 pottery              陶器                  36 shorts                短褲
17 silverware           銀器                  37 slacks                寬鬆的褲子
18 underwear            內衣                  38 boxer shorts          男用四角褲
19 underpants           內褲                  39 men’s briefs          男用三角褲
20 slip                 襯裙                  40 undershirt            男用衛生衣

IV. Re-description of the Story

Wireless Wearables
    Today, high-tech companies together with clothing firms are putting miniature
computers into everything from watches to running shoes. They are wireless and can
be linked to each other and to the Internet. An American company, for example, has
inserted a microphone into a necklace, speakers into a pair of earring, and a mouse
under the stone of a ring. And a Japanese company is bringing out a wearable,
wireless Internet device with a lightweight headset that lets you walk, talk, and surf
the Web at the same time.
     Although these up-to-date fashions sound interesting, some people may wonder
what exactly they are supposed to do with all this wearable technology. The
introduction of always-on, wireless devices will let people communicate, interact, get
information and entertainment wherever they go, all the time. Companies developing
this high-tech fashion envision always-on mail, “buddy alerts” that sense if your
friends are nearby, plus downloadable music and videos wherever you go. Computers
will remind you to do things, tell you if you’re about to forget your keys at home, and
guide you through a world in which everything is smart and gives out information.
      Staying in tune with all that requires more than a handheld device, claim analysts
at high-tech companies who are developing wireless fashion. They estimate that by
2010, 40 percent of adults and 75 percent of teenagers will wear always-on devices.
They predict that for every hour people spend in the real world, they’ll spend ten
minutes in the “e-world”.

V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each
question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question.
1. What can people buy in a department store? Name some items.
2. What are you wearing today?
3.   What do you like to wear in winter? Why?
4.   Have you ever been to Taipei 101 Mall? What do people do there?
5.   Is it true that “clothes make the man”?
6.   Give your opinion about the saying—customers are always right.”
7. Describe the future clothes you can imagine.
8. Do you think that people spend more time in the “e-world” than before?
                        Unit 7 Continuing Activities at School

      I.      Useful phrases and idioms
      English                                                Chinese
1     hit the books                                          用功唸書, K 書
If you want to pass the examination, you’d better hit the books.
2 pull an all-nighter                                      整晚熬夜
I had to pull an all-nighter to get my essay done on time.
3     cram (for a test/an examination)                       臨時抱佛腳
He crammed for a chemistry test.
4     look… up                                               查詢…
Sam looked up the phone number for his bank in the telephone book.
5 write…down                                            記下
The office worker wrote some notes down during the meeting.
6 to burn the midnight oil                            熬夜
I’ve got to burn the midnight oil to finish my project.

      II.    Dialogue
Kim         你看起來好累,你是不是整晚又熬夜了。
Ted         是啊!這是我這個星期第三次熬夜了。
Kim         你是為了期末考臨時抱佛腳,對不對?
Ted         對,為了歷史考試,我昨晚花了好幾個小時在百科全書上查名字。
Kim         如果你上課時做筆記,就不必後來去查了。
Ted         是啊!可是我翹了太多堂課了。。
Kim         你不只是翹太多課,你經常整天都曠課。
Ted         是啊!但是必要時我蠻會書 K 的,所以我何必每次都去上課呢?
Kim         只要你有計畫就行了。

Kim         You look tired. Did you pull an all-nighter?
Ted         Yeah. It was my third all-nighter this week.
Kim         You were cramming for finals, right?
Ted         Right. I spent hours last night looking up names in an encyclopedia—for
            the history exam.
Kim         If you would write things down in class, you wouldn’t have to look them
            up later.
Ted         Yeah, but I skipped too many classes.
Kim         You not only skipped to many classes; you skipped whole days of school.
Ted          Yeah, I know. But I’m pretty good at hitting the books when I have to, so
             why should I go to class all the time?
Kim          As long as you have a plan.

      III.   Word Bank
1     kindergarten    幼稚園                     21 College of            理學院
2     elementary           小學                 22 College of            工學院
      school                                     Engineering
3     junior high          初中                 23 College of            商學院
      school                                     Commerce
4     senior high          高中                 24 College of Law        法學院
5     vocational           高職                 25 College of            人文學院
      school                                       Humanities
6     five-year college    五專                 26 College of            文學院
                                                 Liberal Arts
7     graduate school      研究所                27 College of            外語學院
8     coeducational        男女合校的學             28 College of Social     社會科學學院
      school               校                     Science
9     president            大學校長               29 College of            傳播學院
10 professor               教授                 30 major                 主修
11 associate               副教授                31 B.A. (Bachelor        文學士
      professor                                    of Arts)
12 assistant               助理教授               32 B.S. (Bachelor of 理學士
   professor                                     Science)
13 instructor              講師                 33 sick leave        病假
14 T.A. (teaching          助教                 34 a big fat zero        大鴨蛋
15 chairman                系主任                35 to fail               不及格
16 faculty                 全體教職員              36 to flunk              學科被當
17 freshman                大一學生               37 class meeting         班會
18 sophomore               大二學生               38 Physical              體育課
                                                 education (P.E.)
19 junior                  大三學生               39 work-study            工讀在校生
20 senior               大四學生                40 on campus              在校園

IV. Re-description of the Story
Extensive Reading
        Do you want to have a good TOEFL or TOEIC score? Maybe you should start
    thinking about extensive reading. Researchers have found that students who often
    read in English in their free time tend to have high TOEFL scores, while those
    who do not, tend to have low scores. They found that reading was a better
    predictor of TOEFL performance than even the number of years studying English
    and living in English-speaking countries. Another study showed that students who
    only read enjoyable books made consistent gains on their TOEFL scores,
    averaging 3-4 points on the test each week.
          How is it that just reading alone can bring all of these benefits? Extensive
    reading allows students to see a lot of the language in context over and over again,
    giving them the exposure they need to understand, organize, remember, and use it.
    It builds and strengthens fundamental vocabulary, and grammar knowledge. In
    short, extensive reading provides a very strong foundation on which to build all
    language skills.
          Extensive reading is not the only way to learn a language. Most language
    scholars would agree that language students still need to spend a lot of time
    practicing speaking, listening, writing, and so on in order to become advanced in
    the language. However, adding extensive reading to your private study can
    certainly do some great things for your language ability. Not only is extensive
    reading effective, but it can be a very enjoyable way to learn a new language.
    Give it a try and see what it will do for you!

V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each
question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question.
1. What are your favorite subjects in school?
2. If you have difficulties, whom do you usually go to look for in school?
3. What would a teacher do if he found a student cheating on an exam?
4. What do students do when exams are near at hand?
5. Do you like being a student? Why or why not?
6. Why can people benefit a lot by extensive reading?
7. How many languages can you speak? How do you improve your language
8. Name some books that have great impact on you.
                             Unit 8 Enjoying a holiday
       I.      Useful phrases and idioms
      English                                                 Chinese
1     kick back and relax                                     輕鬆一下
On Friday nights after work, I like to kick back and relax.
2     put (one’s) feet up                                     休息
Sit down and put your feet up for a while.
3     take it easy                                            放輕鬆
Take it easy! You’re getting too stressed out.
4     hang out                                                閒晃
On the weekends, teenagers like to hang out at the shopping mall.
5 fool around                                             遊手好閒
    The children fooled around on the playground.
6     let off some steam                                      抒解情緒
Exercise can help you let off some steam after a stressful day at work.
7 sit around                                               閒坐無所事事
Instead of sitting around all day, why don’t you get a job?

       II.    Dialogue
Ted          啊!該好好輕鬆一下!
Kim          你在做什麼?這不是我們應該休息的時候。
Ted          放輕鬆一點,不要急。
Kim          急,要急,我們得快準備好派對。
Ted          我們只是小混一下。
Kim          我們沒時間坐著偷懶了。
Ted          你太緊張了,放輕鬆抒解一下情緒。
Kim          拜託,別鬧了。幫我弄這些氣球。
Ted          如果你一直給自己壓力,你就會像氣球一樣爆掉。
Kim          快開始工作,不然我會轟你的腦袋。

Ted          Ah, Time to kick back and relax.
Kim          What are you doing? This is no time to put our feet up.
Ted          Take it easy. There’s no hurry.
Kim          Yes, there is. We have to get ready for the party.
Ted          Let’s just hang out for a little while.
Kim          We don’t have time to sit around.
Ted          You’re too nervous. Let off some steam and relax.
Kim           Come on. Stop fooling around. Help me with these balloons.
Ted           If you don’t stop giving yourself pressure, you’re going to pop, just like
              this balloon!
Kim           Start working or I’ll pop you over the head.

      III.    Word Bank
1     solar calendar   陽曆                       21 National Day           國慶日
2     lunar calendar        陰曆                  22 Taiwan                 光復節
                                                   Restoration Day
3     dragon dance          舞龍                  23 Double Nine            重陽節
4     firecrackers          鞭炮                  24 Sun Yat-sen’s          國父誕辰紀念日
5     family reunion        家庭團聚                25 Easter                 復活節
6     red envelop           紅包                  26 Valentine’s Day        西洋情人節
7     carnation             康乃馨                 27 April Fool’s Day       愚人節
8     taboo                 禁忌                  28 the Fourth of          美國國慶日
9     Chinese New           除夕                  29 Halloween              萬聖節
      Year’s Eve
10 Chinese New              農曆新年                30 Thanksgiving           感恩節
   Year’s Day                                      Day
11 Lantern Festival         元宵節                 31 Christmas Day          聖誕節
12 Sun Yat-sen’s            國父逝世紀念              32 five-day work          週休二日
   Memorial Day             日                      week
13 Youth Day                青年節                 33 legal holiday          法定假日
14 Women and                婦幼節                 34 spring recess          春假
   Children Day
15 Tomb-sweeping            清明節                 35 summer vacation        暑假
16 Mother’s Day             母親節                 36 winter vacation        寒假
17 Chinese Lover’s          七夕情人節               37 to watch the           賞月
   Day                                             moon
18 Ghost Festival           中元節                 38 to review the          閱兵
19 Confucius’               教師節                 39 sticky rice            粽子
   Birthday                                        dumpling
   (Teacher’s Day)
20 Mid-Autumn            中秋節                 40 reunion dinner        團圓飯
   (Moon) Festival

IV. Re-description of the Story
Some Work and Some Play
    We all need t work, but we also need some leisure to balance our lives. Luckily,
There is a rewarding way to combine the two, and it’s known as a working holiday.
The idea is simple enough, it is a vacation that normally lasts for several months, and
you divide your time between recreation and work.
      The most common working holiday is one that involves basic manual labor but
also includes some sightseeing. In some places, you can offer a few hours of labor in
exchange for room and board. The most popular countries in the world for working
holidays are Australia and New Zealand. Both of these countries offer a working visa
to those between the ages of 18 and 30, as long as you have a return ticket and enough
cash to support yourself. Once you have obtained your visa, you can travel, work, and
even study for up to one year.
     Before you start packing your bags, you need to know the type of work you will
do. Most people either work in the hospitality industry such as in hotels, restaurants,
and bars, or choose fruit picking. The latter means you will be harvesting a wild range
of foods. These include grapes, bananas, orchard grits, and things that are not fruit,
like cotton, prawns, and even lobsters.
      Probably the best thing about a working holiday is that you can get a taste of
many different cultures. Although you will only visit one country, you can meet
people from all over the world. It can broaden your horizons and be an experience that
you end up treasuring for the rest of your life
      Working holidays can also give you a lot of freedom to really explore a country.
You can get off the beaten track 人跡罕至之地 and visit spots the average tour bus
would never go near. Australia and New Zealand have a lot to offer if you have an
abundance of time. You can climb glaciers in New Zealand, go scuba diving in the
ocean by the Great Barrier Reef, or watch koalas, kangaroos, and other wildlife in the
Australian outback. If you can get the balance between working and sightseeing right,
a working holiday can be both a learning experience and an unforgettable adventure.

V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each
question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question.
1. What do you usually do on holidays?
2. Where do people like to go and do for the Moon Festival?
3. How many Chinese festivals are there? Which one is your favorite
4. What do most children get on Lunar New Year’s Eve? And what do families do
5. Define “working holidays.
6. Before you pack your bags for working holidays, what are the things we need to
7. What the experiences that we can acquire from working holidays?
8. Do you think it proper for a university student to have a part time job?
                        Unit 9      Arranging recreation
      I.     Useful phrases and idioms
      English                                              Chinese
1     do yoga                                              練瑜珈
The woman does yoga every morning at six a.m.
2     go to the beach                                      到海水浴場
We go to the beach every summer.
3     go swimming                                          去游泳
It’s hot outside; let’s go swimming!
4     play volleyball                                      打排球
This week we are playing volleyball in gym class.
5     work out                                             健身訓練
Tina works out at the gym every day during her lunch time.
6 go ahead                                              著手進行,動身,請
The party will go ahead as planned, despite the typhoon.
7     take a nap                                           打個盹
Mark takes a nap during lunchtime every day.

      II.    Dialogue
Kim         用功了一個禮拜,我真的需要一些運動。
Ted         我們何不去海邊輕鬆一下?
Kim         那不算運動。我們該去游泳,打排球。
Ted         我太累。我們何不下下西洋棋或打個小牌。
Kim         你真懶!運動很好玩。走吧,我們去活動活動。
Ted         妳自己去吧!別理我。妳不需要我。去練瑜珈或做一些事吧!
Kim         我不知道怎麼練瑜珈!
Ted         別看我,我要小睡一會兒!

Kim         After studying all week, I surely need some exercise.
Ted         Why don’t we go to the beach and relax?
Kim         That’s not exercise. We should go swimming, play volleyball…
Ted         I’m too tired. Why don’t we just play chess, or play some cards?
Kim         You’re lazy! Exercise is fun. Come on. Let’s go to work out.
Ted         Go ahead without me. You don’t need me. Go to do yoga or something.
Kim         I don’t know how to do yoga.
Ted         Don’t look at me! I’m going to take a nap.
    III.   Word Bank
1   baseball        棒球                      21 boxing               拳擊
2   basketball          籃球                  22 aerobics             有氧舞蹈
3   volleyball          排球                  23 fencing              擊劍
4   tennis              網球                  24 karate               空手道
5   soccer              足球                  25 rocking climbing     攀岩
6   handball            手球                  26 bungee jumping       高空彈跳
7   squash              迴力球                 27 bird watching        賞鳥
8   softball            壘球                  28 horse riding         騎馬
9   badminton           羽毛球                 29 archery              射箭
10 ping-pong (table     乒乓球                 30 jogging              慢跑
11 ice hockey           冰上曲棍球               31 track and field      田徑運動
12 dodge ball           躲避球                 32 marathon             馬拉松
13 bowling              保齡球                 33 javelin              標槍
14 billiards            撞球                  34 discus               鐵餅
15 street dancing       街舞                  35 broad jump           跳遠
16 in-line skating      直排輪                 36 pole vault           撐竿跳
17 skateboarding        滑板                  37 horizon bar          單槓
18 stationary rings     吊環                  38 skipping rope        跳繩
19 body building        健身運動                39 tug-of-war           拔河
20 trampoline           健身彈簧墊               40 Frisbee              飛盤

IV. Re-description of the Story
     The average work week in Taiwan is 40 hours. This gives the worker sufficient
time for recreation. Many people take part in some kind of sports. For many years,
baseball, football, basketball, and tennis have been popular sports. Other popular
sports include swimming, bicycling, in-line skating, and all kinds of all games. In
communities all over Taiwan, playgrounds, swimming pools, and recreation centers
are provided. Many cities have tennis courts, baseball fields, swimming pools, and
playgrounds that are lighted at night.
     Thousands of workers get a two-week or longer vacation with pay. This enables
them to travel, even go abroad. They especially enjoy seeing the beautiful scenery and
natural wonders and sites of historic interest. Each year millions of people visit
national parks.
     People spend their free time in a wide variety of ways. Photography,
stamp-collecting, and gardening are only a few of the most popular hobbies. Others
include painting, sculpture, and woodworking. People like to do things to make their
homes more attractive. Many study in their spare time; some go to night school to
advance their education. And many people go to the movies and watch TV or DVDs.

V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each
question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question.
1. Name some sports that are very popular in Taiwan.
2. What do most workers in Taiwan do on their vacation?
3. What are your recreation activities?
4. How do maintain a sound mind in a sound body?
5. How often do you go to a movie and who do you go with?
  I don’t go to a movie very often, maybe only once three months, since I don’t have
  much free time. When I go to a movie, usually I will go with my families and we
  like to have a big meal after seeing the movie. A wonderful movie plus a terrific
  meal is really a big enjoyment in life.
6. If you could have a ten-day vacation, where would you like to go and what would
   you do?
   I would like to take a ten-day vacation in Hawaii. I heard the beach there is
   beautiful and the weather is mild. I might go shopping, swimming, and maybe go
   sailing too. I’ve always wanted to go to Hawaii to have the exotic
   experience—hula dances, barbecues and soft music.
7. Your parents think the whole family needs more exercise, so they are considering
   hiking in the mountains every Saturday. What do you think of this idea?
   It’s not a bad idea. After all, hiking is very good exercise. It doesn’t cost much
   money. It’s convenient and easy to do. Hiking with the family would bring the
   family closer together. Actually, I think it’s an excellent idea.
8. Do you enjoy reading the entertainment section of the newspaper? Why or why
   Yes, I do. Reading the entertainment section makes me relaxed and happy. A lot of
   the stuff is really funny and interesting, sometimes even ridiculous. I always laugh
   a lot when I read that section.
                              Unit 10 Making traveling
      I.      Useful phrases and idioms
      English                                                Chinese
1     take a vacation                                        度假
Many people like to take vacations during Chinese New Year.
2 go sightseeing                                       去觀光
We like to go sightseeing when we are on vacation.
3     take a tour                                            旅行,參觀
If we take a tour around the city, we can see all the attractions in one day.
4 go on a road trip                                           開車旅行
Last summer we went on a road trip across the United States.
5 check out (the sights)                                欣賞風景
Have you had a chance to check out the sights since you’ve been in town?
6 off the beaten track                                   很少人去的路線
When I travel, I like to stay away from the main tourist attractions and get off the
beaten track.

      II.    Dialogue
Kim         你在做什麼?
Ted         我想度個假,你知道,到某個地方觀光。
Kim         觀光?我以為你不喜歡走路到任何地方。
Ted         我不是指走路。我們可以搭遊覽車旅行。這樣我們就不必走路了。
Kim         你是說真的?我們不必搭遊覽車,我們可以自己開車。
Ted         你是說,自己開車旅行。
Kim         是啊!我們可以自己欣賞所有的風景。
Ted         好主意!我們可以避開熱門路線。

Kim         What are you doing?
Ted         I want to take a vacation. You know, go sightseeing somewhere.
Kim         Sightseeing? I thought you didn’t like walking anywhere.
Ted         I don’t mean walking. We can take a tour on a tour bus. Then we don’t
            have to walk.
Kim         Are you serious? We don’t have to go on a tour bus. We can drive
Ted         You mean, go on a road trip?
Kim         Yeah, we can check out all the sights on our own.
Ted         Great idea! We can get off the beaten track.
    III.  Word Bank
1   B&B (Bed and   民宿                      21 passport             護照
2   daily necessities   日常必需品              22 visa                 簽證
3   interchange         交流道                23 boarding pass        登機證
4   High Occupancy      高乘載車輛專             24 customs              海關
    Vehicle Control     用管制
5   ramp metering       匝道儀控管制             25 metal detector       金屬探測器
6   domestic flight     國內班機               26 to be searched       被搜身
7   international       國際班機               27 waiting room         候機室
8   charter flight      包機                 28 departure            出境
9   check-in counter    辦理搭機的櫃             29 first class          頭等艙
10 to assign the seat   劃位                 30 business class       商務艙
11 ticket office        票務組                31 economy class        經濟艙
12 list                 名單                 32 aisle seat           走道位置
13 standby              候補                 33 window seat          靠窗位置
14 to confirm           確認                 34 no-smoking sign      禁煙燈號
15 to check baggage 托運行李                   35 safety equipment     安全設備
16 baggage          行李檢查                   36 life vest            救生衣
17 porter               搬運工人               37 cabin crew           機組人員
18 vaccination          疫苗接種               38 pilot                飛機駕駛
19 immigration          移民局                39 flight attendant     空服員
20 document             文件                 40 turbulence           亂流
IV. Re-description of the Story
                             Jiuzhaigou (九寨溝)
      There is an old Chinese legend about a boy named Dage. To show his love for
the beautiful goddess Woluo Semo, he gave her a mirror made out of the wind. Evil
spirits interfered, causing the goddess to break the mirror.
      The pieces of this mirror fell over a mountain area in the north of China’s
Sichuan (四川)province. They turned into more than one hundred lakes that are as
pure and beautiful as jade. The area is known as Jiuzhaigou, the Fairyland on Earth.
     Jiuzhaigou means “Nine Village Valley.” Tibetan (藏族的)and Qiang (羌族
的)people have lived in this area for hundreds of years, but in 1972, disaster struck.
The Chinese government discovered the area, and for almost a decade they cut down
trees and almost destroyed the valley’s natural beauty.
     In 1982, the government wisely decided to turn Jiuzhaigou into a national park.
At first, this site remained relatively unknown, and only 5,000 people a year visited.
Much has changed since the eighties, though. Today in high season, this park averages
12,000 tourists per day, and these visitors are rarely disappointed. Jiuzhaigou is so
beautiful the in 1992, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization) made it a World Heritage Site, making sure that this special valley will
be conserved for future generation.

V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each
question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question.
1. Briefly explain the legend about Jiuzhaigou.
2. What disaster struck when the Chinese Government first discovered Jiuzhaigou?
3. What’s the wise policy that the Chinese Government took to revive Jiuzhaigou?
4. If you have a trip to the Mainland China, do you like to put Jiuzhaigou into your
5. When you’ve been working or studying too hard, what do you usually do to relax?
   I love music and sports. When I’ve been studying too hard and I am tired, I
   usually listen to classical music or play flute. And FM 99.7, the Philharmonic
   Radio Station is my favorite and I always tune in to the station while working.
6. What was the happiest thing you did last year? Why did it make you happy?
   Last year I visited my sister in San Jose for a whole month. It was the fourth time
   I stayed in the United States for such a long period. I learned a lot about different
   customs and life styles. It was really a worthwhile experience.
7. Your sister wants to go shopping, but you want to stay home and watch a good
   movie on TV. Convince her that both of you should stay home.
   Hey, Linda, there’s a good movie on HBO at three o’clock. How about we just
   stay home for the movie and go out tomorrow? Besides, the weather report said
   there’s a good chance of a thunderstorm this afternoon. Come on, stay home with
   me, please.
8. Your friend is planning to take a trip alone, but you think it’s a better idea to join a
   tour group. Convince him to change his mind.
   John, you’re going to take a trip to France? You haven’t been there before, right? I
   think I would be better to join a tour group. You know why? First of all, you don’t
   know the language French. How will you communicate with people or read the
   signs everywhere? You will easily get lost. Secondly, it can be dangerous. You
   don’t know anyone and people might take advantage of you. There’s safety in
   numbers, so why not join a tour group?
   Unit 11        Driving a Car
I. Useful phrases and idioms
       English                                               Chinese
1      Get a speeding ticket                                 拿到超速罰單
Emily lost her license after getting too many speeding tickets.
2 fill it up                                               加滿油
The car is almost out of gas; we had better stop to fill it up.
3 get into a fender-bender                                    遇上小車禍
Fran got into a fender-bender on her way to work; she drove into the car in front of
4      break down                                            拋錨;故障;崩潰
Lester’s car broke down on the highway.
5      tune up                                               調整;保養
You should get your car tuned up every five thousand kilometers.
6 step on it                                             加速;動作快一點。
Could you step on it, please?
7      get it in gear                                        動身出發
We’re pressed for time; get it in gear!
8      get a move on                                         快走;快一點
It’s getting dark; let’s get a move on.

       IV.    Dialogue
Ted          老實說,我開我表哥的車覺得不太自在。
Kim          為什麼?只要用完的時候加滿油就行了。
Ted          可是萬一我遇上了小車禍怎麼辦?或是車子在金門大橋上拋錨?
Kim          放輕鬆。你表哥說這車才剛保養過。只要小心開就好了。
Ted          但是萬一我拿到超速罰單呢?你老是催我要快一點,要加速。
Kim          不會在你開車時啦!現在我們趕快動身出發吧,我們正在浪費時間。
Ted          瞧,你已經在催我要快一點了。
Kim          不,我沒有。我們快走吧!那些店在等著我們呢!

Ted          Actually, I’m not comfortable driving my cousin’s car.
Kim          Why? Just fill it up when we’re done.
Ted          But what if I get into a fender-bender? Or I breaks down on the Golden
             Gate Bridge?
Kim          Relax. Your cousin said the car was jus tuned up. Just drive carefully.
Ted          But what if I get a speeding ticket? You’re always telling me to hurry up,
              to step on it.
Kim           Not when you’re driving! Now let’s get it in gear; we’re wasting time.
Ted           See, you’re already telling me to hurry up.
Kim           No, I’m not. Let’s get a move on. The shops are waiting for us.

      V.    Word Bank
1     automobile     汽車                         21 turn signal          方向燈
2     imported car             進口車              22 hood                 引擎蓋
3     sedan                    轎車               23 windshield           擋風玻璃
4     RV (recreation           休旅車              24 windshield wiper     雨刷
5     light commercial         商用車              25 front seat           前座
6     police car               警車               26 back seat            後座
7     tow truck                拖吊車              27 seat belt            安全帶
8     ambulance                救護車              28 trunk                車後行李箱
9     fire engine              消防車              29 stereo equipment     音響設備
10 garbage truck               垃圾車              30 air bag              安全氣囊
11 scooter                     速克達              31 license plate        車牌
12 stroller                    嬰兒車              32 maximum speed        最高速限
13 starter                     啟動器              33 minimum speed        最低速限
14 engine                      引擎               34 break failure        煞車失靈
15 steering wheel              方向盤              35 flat tire            輪胎沒氣
16 clutch                      離合器              36 traffic accident     交通事故
17 front bumper                前保險桿             37 a chain collision    連環車禍
                                                   (a pile up)
18 emergency brake             手煞車              38 median               安全島
19 rear-view mirror            後視鏡              39 toll station         收費站
20 headlight                   頭燈               40 rush hours           交通顛峰時間

IV. Re-description of the Story
                                  Driving Safety
     One weapon has killed more of your countrymen than all the wars your country
has fought. Every day hundreds of people are killed or injured. This weapon is a car.
     A car traveling 20 kilometers per hour or more becomes a missile that can
destroy any human in its path. Only by being very careful can a driver avoid killing
other people or himself.
     One of the most common causes of accidents is that drivers are not concentrating
on their driving. Sometimes a person is irritated with his friends, spouse, or living
situation and is thinking about his problems rather than his driving.
      Unconsciously he may be increasing his speed and paying very little attention to
other cars and people. He may not see a red light, a car suddenly stopping in front of
him, or a person walking across the road. A driver should concentrate on driving. The
passengers should avoid distracting him.
      Another thing that causes accidents is the very common impulse to take a chance.
Everyone takes chances sometimes. But some people gamble only when they drive a
car. They are betting their lives for nothing. Here are some things that a driver
gambles on:
A. I bet I can pass that car before the oncoming car gets here.
B. I bet I can pass that car on this hill and that there is no car on the side of the hill.
      Remember, if a driver wins his bet, he wins nothing; if he loses, he may lose his

V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each
question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question.
1. Explain a situation where an accident happens because a driver takes a chance.
2.   Why should a driver concentrate on driving?
3.   What effects does alcohol have on a driver and his ability to drive?
4.   If you had money, what kind of car would you buy?
5.   Explain some reasons why we often have traffic jams.
     Taiwan s not a big island, but there are twenty million people living here. So, it’s
     crowded when everyone is going to and from school and work during rush hours.
     People prefer cars or motorbikes to mass transportation, so the traffic often gets
6. Do you prefer a job which pays well but is far from your home, or a job that pays
   less but is close? Why?
   I prefer a job which pays less but is close to my home. I don’t want to spend time
   in traffic. To avoid traffic jams, I would have to leave home very early. I have a
   had time waking up early, so I wouldn’t take a job that was far away.
7. Have you ever been caught in a traffic jam? How did you feel?
   Oh, yes, I’ve been caught in a traffic jam many times. I go to school in the
   morning during rush hours, so I’m in a traffic jam almost every day. Of course, it’s
   not a comfortable situation, but I try to make the best of it by taking out a book
   and getting in some reading.
8. A repairman came to fix your air conditioner in your car yesterday, but today it
   stopped working again. What will you do?
I’ll call the repairman again and tell him that he didn’t do a good job yesterday
because my air conditioner is still not working right. And then, I’ll ask him to
come over and fix the air conditioner and make sure it will works properly.
                   Unit 12         Discussing weather and seasons
I. Useful phrases and idioms
      English                                               Chinese
1     pour down rain                                        下一場豪雨
It began pouring down rain, so we had to go inside.
2     rain cats and dogs                                    下起傾盆大雨
It’s raining cats and dogs. Let’s stay in the coffee shop for a while.
3 sunny out                                                  晴朗無雲的
It’s sunny out; we should go outside and enjoy the weather.
4 clear up                                               放晴
It’s cloudy now, but if it clears up, we can go swimming.
5     warm up                                               轉暖
It usually warms up a little at this time of year.
6     get some sun                                          曬曬太陽
Kim wants to go to the beach to get some sun; she thinks her skin is too pale.
7 cool down                                              轉涼
It has been cooling down outside.
8     cloud over                                            轉陰
As soon as we jumped into the swimming pool, it clouded over, and began to rain.

      VI.    Dialogue
Kim         剛才外面天氣好晴朗;借你表哥的敞篷車真是個好主意。
Ted         我很高興今早放晴了,所以我們可以把車頂放下。
Kim         是啊!而且天氣也變的暖和多了。我們也許該去海邊曬太陽。
Ted         我只慶幸車子沒出什麼事。
Kim         實際上,現在稍稍轉涼了一點,而且天氣也轉陰了。
Ted         我本來很擔心我們可能會弄壞車子或什麼的。我表哥會生氣。
Kim         你看穿窗戶外面,雨下得好大啊!嘿!你停車的時候,有沒有把車頂
Ted         喔!沒!

Kim         It was so sunny out earlier. Borrowing your cousin’s convertible was a
            great idea.
Ted         I’m glad it cleared up this morning, so we could put the roof down on the
Kim         Yeah, it warmed up a lot, too. We probably should have gone to the beach,
            to get some sun.
Ted         I’m just glad nothing happened to the car.
Kim         Actually, it’s cooling down a bit, and clouding over now.
Ted         I was worried we might hurt it or something.
Kim         Look out the window. It’s pouring down rain! Hey, did you put the roof
            back up when you parked the car?
Ted         Oh, no!

      II.    Word Bank
1     the Central     中央氣象局                   21 fog                    霧
      Weather Bureau
2     Weather forecast    天氣預報                22 thunder                雷
3     to predict          預測                  23 get struck             遭雷擊
4     Centigrade          攝氏                  24 lightning rod          避雷針
5     Fahrenheit          華氏                  25 parasol                陽傘
6     zero degrees        攝氏零度                26 hurricane              颶風
7     current             現在溫度                27 tornado                龍捲風
8     seasonal changes    季節變化                28 drought                乾旱
9     subtropics          亞熱帶                 29 flood                  洪水
10 high pressure          高氣壓                 30 magnitude on the       芮氏規模
                                                 Richter scale
11 low pressure           低氣壓                 31 tsunami                海嘯
12 cold air               冷空氣                 32 acid rain              酸雨
13 cold front             冷鋒                  33 mud slide              土石流
14 chilly                 寒冷的                 34 sand storm             沙塵暴
15 breeze                 微風                  35 El nino                聖嬰現象
16 chance of rain         下雨機率                36 La nina                反聖嬰現象
17 treacherous            晴時多雲偶陣              37 to do damage           造成損害
   weather                雨
18 drizzling              下毛毛雨                38 raincoat               雨衣
19 welcome rain           甘霖                  39 mosquito coil          蚊香
20 extremely heavy        豪雨                  40 mosquito spray         滅蚊噴劑

IV. Re-description of the Story
                                    Green Business
 A Green Consumer’s Guide
A. Products are made from recycled materials or renewable resources taken in a way
    that does not damage the environment.
B. Products are long-lasting and reusable. They can be recycled or are truly
C. Products use minimal packaging.
D. Products information on manufacturing, such as location, labor practices, and
    animal testing is stated clearly, and the manufacturer’s web site or contact
    address is supplied.
     The Body Shop is an international specialty retailer that develops, manufactures
and sells innovative hair, skin, and color cosmetic products. Founder Anita Roddick
opened her first shop in Brighton, England in 1976. There are now more than 2,000
shops worldwide.
     From our best-selling Peppermint Foot Lotion to our innovative Brazil Nut
Conditioner; our special Animal’s in Danger line for children to our Activist
Aftershave Spray for men, our products provide high quality and value for people
who care about themselves and their world.
      The business practices of the Body Shop are defined by our core values: caring
for the environment through renewable and sustainable resources; managing waste,
reducing pollution, and improving energy efficiency in our operations; raising
awareness through training and education; and a commitment to full disclosure of our
environmental assets.

V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each
question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question.
1. What are the principles of green products?
2.   What are the core values of the Body Shop?
3.   What is your favorite season? Why?
4.   What do you think is the best way to get the weather report?
5.   Your homework assignment is due today, but you haven’t finished it yet. Explain
     to the teacher why your assignment is late.
     I know today is the deadline for our homework assignment, but I am embarrassed
     to say I won’t be able to turn it in on time. I spent too much time collecting data
     and thinking how to organize the paper. I am sorry that I didn’t’ manage my time
6. Have you learned something from your friends? What?
   Yes, I’ve learned many things form my best friend, Christine. She is a very
   intelligent girl, but she is not arrogant. She is very kind and always put herself in
   someone’s shoes. I learned form her that modesty and kindness are more
   important than popularity.
7. If you won a million dollars in the national lottery, what would you do with the
   money? Why?
   I might save half the money for my future studies, since I’m still thinking of
   pursuing a higher degree. And with the other half, I’d take a trip to Europe with
   my family. I’m interested in European culture. If I won some money in the
   national lottery, I would definitely spend some of it on a trip to Europe.
8. You hear that a language institute near your home is offering English courses at
   night. Call the school and ask some questions.
   Hi, is this the language school? I heard that you’re offering some interesting
   English courses at night, and I’d like to know more about it. How many levels do
   you have? How much is the tuition? Do I need to take an entrance exam? Do you
   have a course schedule?
                           Unit 13          Seeing a doctor
I. Useful phrases and idioms
      English                                                 Chinese
1     out of shape                                            身體狀況不佳;身體走樣
Hank was out of shape, so he began exercising every day.
2     come down with something                                生病
Helen feels terrible. She thinks she’s coming down with something.
3 catch a cold                                           患感冒
Wear a coat or you’ll catch a cold.
4     under the weather                                       感到不舒服
She’s been a bit under the weather recently.
5     run a fever                                             發燒
If you are running a fever, you should definitely see a doctor.
6 feel like (oneself) again)                               恢復健康
Take this medicine and you’ll be feeling like yourself again soon.
7 sick in bed                                              臥病在床
James couldn’t go camping with us because he was sick in bed with a cold.

      II.    Dialogue
Kim         你準備好照我的計畫去健行了嗎?
Ted         我覺得好難受。我想我大概生病了。
Kim         你沒事的。你不過是身體狀況不佳罷了。你需要運動。
Ted         不,是真的。我想我感冒了。
Kim         一天到晚待在家裡打電玩,誰都會覺得不舒服。
Ted         我好熱,我想我發燒了。
Kim         我確定你很好。散散步就會使你覺得舒服了。相信我。
Ted         我不能跟你去郊遊!我正臥病在床。
Kim         是嘛!那我怎麼聽到電玩的聲音?

Kim         Are you ready to go hiking as we planned?
Ted         I feel terrible. I think I’m coming down with something.
Kim         You’re OK. You’re just out of shape. You need to exercise.
Ted         No, really. I think I’ve caught a cold.
Kim         Staying home all the time playing video games would make anyone feel
            under the weather.
Ted         I’m so hot! I think I’m running a fever.
Kim         I’m sure you’re fine You’ll feel like yourself again after a bit of walking.
             Trust me.
Ted          I can’t go hiking with you. I’m sick in bed.
Kim          Yeah? Then why do I hear video games in the background.?

      III.      Word Bank
1     athlete’s foot        香港腳               21 National Health        全民健保
2     cholera               霍亂                22 health center          衛生所
3     anemia                貧血                23 Cashier/Registration 批價/掛號櫃臺
4     to suffer a stroke    中風                24 to register            掛號
5     heart attack          心臟病發作             25 Pharmaceutical         領藥窗口
6     symptom               徵兆                26 emergency room         急診室
7     to bring down the     退燒                27 hospitalization        住院
8     runny nose            流鼻水               28 ward                   病房
9     stuffy nose           鼻塞                29 private room           頭等病房
10 sneezing                 打噴嚏               30 semiprivate room       二等病房
11 to vomit                 嘔吐                31 visiting hours         訪客時間
12 corns                    雞眼                32 “No visitors”          謝絕訪客
13 undernourishment 營養不良                      33 intern                 實習醫生
14 checkup          檢查                        34 resident physician     住院醫生

15 to take one’s            量身高               35 attending physician    主治醫生
16 to weigh                 量體重               36 quack                  庸醫
17 scale                    體重機               37 stethoscope            聽診器
18 to take one’s            量脈搏               38 blood pressure         血壓計
   pulse                                         gauge
19 ice bag                  冰袋                39 bandage                繃帶
20 treatment                治療                40 band-aid               OK 繃

IV. Re-description of the Story
                           Punk and Yoga Come Together
         A yoga instructor in Seattle has a new way to exercise, a very new way: punk
         The two seem like they could not be more different. Yoga is slow and healthy,
   and about spiritual discipline. Punk rock is fast and loud, and often about
   forgetting discipline.
        Yet the instructor, Kimberlee Jensen, has found a way to make them work
   together, with punk rock highlighting the yoga.
        The music is actually quiet and peaceful, but has the raw sound of punk. It
   changes with poses, as well as with students’ energy levels.
        Jensen began training as a yoga instructor a year ago, and started the class as
   part of that training. She decided to keep it going when she saw how popular it
This is the latest of many new styles of yoga. They all show just how powerful yoga
can be—that it can be mixed in so many ways.

V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each
question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question.
1. Do you think if yoga is a good and convenient exercise? Why?
Yes, I think yoga is a good exercise because it can help relax every piece of muscle in
our bodies. Besides, it’s very convenient for us to do yoga because we can do it at
home with only a mat anytime we are free.
2. Do you think it a wonderful idea to combine yoga with punk music?
Yes, but the music is actually quiet and peaceful, but has the raw sound of punk. It
changes with poses, as well as with students’ energy levels.
3. When was the last time you caught a cold? What did you do?
Last month, I caught a light cold. I had a runny nose and kind of headache. I went to
see a doctor immediately, but I didn’t take the medicine he gave to me. I just drank a
lot of water and took more sleep.
4. Which one would you choose, health or wealth?
It’s hard for me to make a choice between health and wealth. Without money, we can’t
lead a decent life. Without health, everything can not be joyful. If I am asked to make
such a difficult choice, health will be put ahead of wealth.
5. Do you care about your weight? What can a person do to lose weight?
     Yes, I do. I care about my weight because I want to be healthy. If a person wants
     to lose weight, they should eat less fat and sugar, and they need to exercise more.
6. How good are your eyes? How do you feel about wearing glasses?
     I am near-sighted. My eyes are not so good. I have worn glasses since I was
     thirteen years old. Wearing glasses is not convenient for doing some things, like
   playing basketball or eating hot pots.
7. Your brother injured his back last night. Give him some advice.
   Mark, I heard your back was injured last night, right? Does it still hurt? Why don’t
   you put an ice bag on it for a while? You should lie down and rest this morning. If
   you still feel uncomfortable at lunch time, I think you should go to see a doctor.
8. Many people enjoy chewing betel nuts. What do you think about chewing betel
   I think that chewing betel nuts is bad for many reasons. First, betel nut trees cause
   a lot of environmental problems. The trees of betel nuts don’t have very deep roots,
   so when it rains the soil washes away and there’s a landside. Second, betel nuts
   cause cancer. This is the reason why doctors strongly object. I think the
   government should ban betel nuts because they are bad both for people and the
    Unit 14     Enjoying Movies and Television (The topic has been changed)
I. Useful phrases and idioms
      English                                                Chinese
1     on the same wavelength                                 想法一致
Bob and Jill work well together; they are definitely on the same wavelength.
2 would like ( to)                                         想要
John would like to eat steak now.
3     would rather                                           寧願
I would rather go swimming than go jogging.
4     up to (someone)                                        由(某人)決定
I don’t care where we go to eat; it’s up to you.
5     all right                                              好的
She was sick, but she is all right now.
6     insist on                                              堅持
She insisted on Japanese food for dinner.
7     have to                                                必須
When you enter he building, you have to show the guard your pass.

      II.    Dialogue
Kim         嗯, 我們採購完,也吃過午餐了。現在你想做什麼?去公園?還是
Ted         我比較想看電影。一直走路讓我覺得很累。
Kim         懶蟲!好吧。四點有一場,六點也有一場。你決定吧!
Ted         我們最好看早一點那一場。我還有一些作業要完成。
Kim         好吧!我只堅持一件事。
Ted         什麼事?
Kim         我們必須坐在前座。我不喜歡坐別的位置。
Ted         我們不是一向都坐在前排嗎?
Kim         好極了!很高興我們的看法一致。

Kim         Well, we’ve been shopping, and we’ve eaten lunch. Now what would you
            like to do? Go to the park? See a movie?
Ted         I would rather see a movie. I’m tired from all of this walking.
Kim         Lazy bone! OK. There’s a show at four o’clock and another at six. It’s up
            to you.
Ted         We had better see the earlier show. I still have some homework to finish.
Kim         All right. There’s only one thing I insist on.
Ted          What’s that?
Kim          We have to sit in the front row. I don’t like to sit anywhere else.
Ted          Don’t we always sit in the front row?
Kim          Great! I’m glad to see that we’re on the same wavelength.

      III.   Word Bank
1     movie poster    電影海報                      21 cast                   卡司(演員陣容)
2     now playing           今日放映                22 character              角色
3     coming soon           近期上映                23 leading                主角
4     first run             首輪                  24 supporting             配角
5     emergency exit        安全門                 25 stunt person           特技演員
6     ticket window         售票窗口                26 guest star             客串
7     half price for        軍警學生半價              27 variety show           綜藝節目
      servicemen &          優待
8     ticket scalper        黃牛 (黃牛票)            28 film series            影集
      (scalper’s ticket)
9     odd                   單號                  29 soap opera             連續劇
10 even                     雙號                  30 Taiwanese opera        台語歌仔戲
11 sold out                 售完                  31 puppet show            布袋戲
12 internet piracy          網路盜版                32 Peking opera           平劇
13 pirated movie            盜版電影                33 live telecast          實況轉播
14 horror film              恐怖片                 34 program rating         收視率

15 detective movie          偵探片                 35 couch potato           沈迷電視的人
16 kung fu movie            功夫片                 36 TV highlights          電視節目表
17 western                  西部片                 37 satellite              衛星轉播
18 romance                  愛情片                 38 plasma TV              電漿電視
19 musical                  音樂劇                 39 LCD TV                 液晶電視
20 animated film            動畫片                 40 remote control         遙控器

IV. Re-description of the Story
                   TV Viewing—Is It Damaging Your Child?
   According to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
(AACAP), the average American child watches between three and four hours of TV
each day. This equals about nine years of TV viewing by retirement age, and includes
roughly 2,000,000 TV commercials.
     Many psychologists are worried about the effect that all this TV watching has on
children’s behavior. There is concern that watching a lot of TV, especially programs
with a violent content, can have a negative effect on children’s psychological
     The AACAP claims that children who watch a lot of television violence have
higher levels of aggressive behavior. The average American child, for example, will
have watched 1000,000 acts of TV violence, including 8,000 images of murder by the
time he or she reaches the age of thirteen. Surprisingly, programs created for children
can be the most violent types of shows, with an average of twenty-six violent acts
such as hitting or bullying per hour, compared to fiver per hour during adults prime
      Psychologists believe that TV violence affects children in three main ways.
First, they become immune to the violence they have seen, and begin to see it as
normal behavior. Secondly, they accept the use of violence as a way to solve problems
or get what they want. Finally, children copy the violent acts they see on TV.
        However, a study of children at Stanford University offers some reasons to be
hopeful. The report, published in 2001, concludes that level of aggressive behavior in
children can be reduced if parents monitor the programs their children see, and watch
some TV shows with them. Parents should also limit the amount of time children are
allowed to watch TV each day, and refuse to let children watch shows that contain
violent scenes.

V. Questions: For questions 1 to 4, you will have 15 seconds to answer each
question; for questions 5 to 8, you will have 30 seconds to answer each question.
1. How many hours do the American children spend on watching TV? What effects
   might be produced on the children that spend too much time watching TV?
2. What measures can parents take to avoid the negative effects on children?
3. What is your favorite TV program? Why?
4. What do you usually do during commercials?
5. Do you think movies should be rated: Explain your reasons.
   Of course, I think movies should be rated. Movies with sex or violence are not
   good for children and teenagers. The whole society is responsible for protecting
   these young people from seeing these kinds of movies. So, we should rate movies
   and make sure children don’t see movies they’re not supposed to see.
6. Do you think students should begin to learn English in elementary school? Why or
   why not?
   Yes, I think students in Taiwan should begin to learn English in elementary school.
   English is an international language. If we want to communicate with people from
   other countries, we need to master this language. Also, many high-tech resources
   with the latest information are written in English. So, why don’t we learn English
7. In your opinion, what problems might be the oldest child in a family might face?
   In a traditional Chinese family, the oldest child is a role model for his or her
   younger sisters and brothers. They must behave the way everyone expects an ideal
   son or daughter should do. Therefore, many parents are stricter with the oldest
   child. The oldest child has the responsibility of helping with the younger brothers
   and sisters and caring for the parents when they’re old. This could become a
   burden for the oldest child.
8. Explain why some people in Taiwan call wedding invitations red bombs.
   A wedding invitation not only invites people to a wedding banquet but also asks
   for money in a red envelop. When people receive a wedding invitation, they know
   they have to spend money in the near future. That’s why people call it red bomb.

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