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PALM VEIN TECHNOLOGY - 123seminarsonly

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					PALM VEIN TECHNOLOGY




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PALM VEIN TECHNOLOGY
               SUBMITTED BY:
                           GIREESHA H N
                           4PA07EC036
               UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF:
                PRAKASH K SHETTY
                ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR,
                P.A. COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING,
                   MANGALORE.




                                      2
                   CONTENTS

•   Introduction           •   Accuracy
•   Our current security   •   Practical applications
    measures               •   Advantages
•   Overview of Bio-Tech   •   Disadvantages
•   How it works           •   Conclusion
•   Data flow              •   References




                                                        3
              INTRODUCTION
• Palm vein technology is one of the upcoming
  technology.
• It is the world’s first contactless personal
  identification system that uses the vein patterns in
  human palms to confirm a person’s identity.
• It is highly secure and accurate.
• The contact less feature gives it a hygienic advantage
  over other biometric authentication technologies.
• It uses the vascular patterns of an individual’s palm as
  personal identification data.

                                                             4
   Our Current Security Measures
• Internal               • External
   – Building Access –      – Customer Access
     Magnetic Card            – ATM card and
     and Pin                  PIN
   – Computer Access
     – User ID and
     Password




                                                5
             Overview of Bio-Tech
Technology                   +                 -
Fingerprint      •Popular            •Less Accurate
                 •Cheapest
    Voice        •Non invasive       •Least Accurate
Iris & Retinal   •Very accurate      •Invasive
                                     •Expensive
                                     •Sensitive
 Palm Vein       •Non-invasive       •Unfamiliar
                 •Relatively Cheap
                 •Accurate




                        source                         6
  source                                     source
                 HOW IT WORKS




                                 source


•Takes snapshot of palm veins
•Converts into algorithm (ICP)
•Compares with database

                                          7
   PALM VEIN PAATTERN VERIFICATION SYSTEM




The thermal vein pattern verification system involves
the following stages:
• Image Acquisition
• Image enhancement
• Vein pattern segmentation
• Skeletonization
• Matching
                                                        8
         User Interface




                     •Contactless
                     •Non-invasive
                     •2.18 seconds recognition
                     speed

source




                                           9
• Available Software Development Kit
    – Easy to integrate to current company
      system
•   Small
•   Cheap to produce
•   Easy to Install
•   Wide range of operating condition
    – Iris scanners are sensitive to light and
      temp.




                                                 10
                      source
Data Flow




            11
                                 Accuracy
                                   FALSE ACCEPTANCE   FALSE REJECTION
                    TECHNOLOGY
                                          RATE              RATE


                  PalmSecure          .00008%             .01%

                  Fingerprint           1-2%               3%

                       Iris        .0001% - .94%       .99% - .2%

                      Voice              2%                10%


•   Vein patterns
     – Distinctive and unique to individuals, even left and right hands.
     – Difficult to steal or forge
•   False acceptance rate
     – A rate at which someone other than the actual person is falsely recognized.
•   False rejection rate
     – A rate at which the actual person is not recognized accurately.

                                                                                     12
In comparison with others
technology
*note – Chart created using average of data provided by the Table




                                                                    13
                 Security Evaluation
There are several common methods of attacking the system

• Spoofing attacks
• Replay and transmission attacks



Known methods of improving security of biometric system
a. Multimodal biometric system
b. Biometrics combined with password
c. Watermarking




                                                           14
Points of attacks in a biometric system




                                          15
              Practical Applications
• ‘Palm Secure’ is now widely
  used in various fields.
   – ATM
       • 92% of all Japanese ATMs
       • 18,000+ ATM machines for
         Bank of Tokyo - Mitsubishi
   – School ID, Entry Key to          ATM Machine
     private property, Log-in to
     PCs or servers
   – Potential is limitless
• PalmSecure mouse with a
  build-in sensor in 2007
   – easily installed to personal
     computer.

                                      Portable Mouse
                                                       16
                  ADVANTAGES

• Hidden characteristics are used as biometric features.
• It is difficult to forge for intruders.
• It is not affected by dryness or roughness of skin or by
  physical injury on surface of the hand.
• It has an FRR of 0.01% and FAR of less than 0.00008%.
  This is based on experiments conducted on 70,000
  individuals in Japan.
• This technology is non-intrusive.



                                                         17
              DISADVANTAGES
•  There are numerous factors that can affect the
  quality of the captured image such as body
  temperature, humidity, heat radiation, nearness of
  vein to surface, camera calibration and focus.
• It is still relatively expensive and not available for
  mass production yet.




                                                       18
                CONCLUSION
Palm vein pattern recognition is a convenient and
easy to use biometric technology with high security
and accuracy level.
The technology is gaining momentum but it is still
expensive and relatively untested because it has not
yet been marketed globally.




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                          REFERENCES
•   http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/09/060922-fingerprints.html
•   http://www.findbiometrics.com/article/320

• Palm vein authentication technology and its applications
  By Masaki Watanabe, Toshio Endoh, Morito Shiohara, and Shigeru Sasaki

•   VEIN PATTERN RECOGNITION BIOMETRIC SYSTEMS
     By Sanya-Isijola, Ademuyiwa




                                                                           20
QUESTIONS???




               21
End of the Presentation

     Thank You.


                          22

				
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