PALM VEIN TECHNOLOGY
PALM VEIN TECHNOLOGY
GIREESHA H N
UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF:
PRAKASH K SHETTY
P.A. COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING,
• Introduction • Accuracy
• Our current security • Practical applications
measures • Advantages
• Overview of Bio-Tech • Disadvantages
• How it works • Conclusion
• Data flow • References
• Palm vein technology is one of the upcoming
• It is the world’s first contactless personal
identification system that uses the vein patterns in
human palms to confirm a person’s identity.
• It is highly secure and accurate.
• The contact less feature gives it a hygienic advantage
over other biometric authentication technologies.
• It uses the vascular patterns of an individual’s palm as
personal identification data.
Our Current Security Measures
• Internal • External
– Building Access – – Customer Access
Magnetic Card – ATM card and
and Pin PIN
– Computer Access
– User ID and
Overview of Bio-Tech
Technology + -
Fingerprint •Popular •Less Accurate
Voice •Non invasive •Least Accurate
Iris & Retinal •Very accurate •Invasive
Palm Vein •Non-invasive •Unfamiliar
HOW IT WORKS
•Takes snapshot of palm veins
•Converts into algorithm (ICP)
•Compares with database
PALM VEIN PAATTERN VERIFICATION SYSTEM
The thermal vein pattern verification system involves
the following stages:
• Image Acquisition
• Image enhancement
• Vein pattern segmentation
•2.18 seconds recognition
• Available Software Development Kit
– Easy to integrate to current company
• Cheap to produce
• Easy to Install
• Wide range of operating condition
– Iris scanners are sensitive to light and
FALSE ACCEPTANCE FALSE REJECTION
PalmSecure .00008% .01%
Fingerprint 1-2% 3%
Iris .0001% - .94% .99% - .2%
Voice 2% 10%
• Vein patterns
– Distinctive and unique to individuals, even left and right hands.
– Difficult to steal or forge
• False acceptance rate
– A rate at which someone other than the actual person is falsely recognized.
• False rejection rate
– A rate at which the actual person is not recognized accurately.
In comparison with others
*note – Chart created using average of data provided by the Table
There are several common methods of attacking the system
• Spoofing attacks
• Replay and transmission attacks
Known methods of improving security of biometric system
a. Multimodal biometric system
b. Biometrics combined with password
Points of attacks in a biometric system
• ‘Palm Secure’ is now widely
used in various fields.
• 92% of all Japanese ATMs
• 18,000+ ATM machines for
Bank of Tokyo - Mitsubishi
– School ID, Entry Key to ATM Machine
private property, Log-in to
PCs or servers
– Potential is limitless
• PalmSecure mouse with a
build-in sensor in 2007
– easily installed to personal
• Hidden characteristics are used as biometric features.
• It is difficult to forge for intruders.
• It is not affected by dryness or roughness of skin or by
physical injury on surface of the hand.
• It has an FRR of 0.01% and FAR of less than 0.00008%.
This is based on experiments conducted on 70,000
individuals in Japan.
• This technology is non-intrusive.
• There are numerous factors that can affect the
quality of the captured image such as body
temperature, humidity, heat radiation, nearness of
vein to surface, camera calibration and focus.
• It is still relatively expensive and not available for
mass production yet.
Palm vein pattern recognition is a convenient and
easy to use biometric technology with high security
and accuracy level.
The technology is gaining momentum but it is still
expensive and relatively untested because it has not
yet been marketed globally.
• Palm vein authentication technology and its applications
By Masaki Watanabe, Toshio Endoh, Morito Shiohara, and Shigeru Sasaki
• VEIN PATTERN RECOGNITION BIOMETRIC SYSTEMS
By Sanya-Isijola, Ademuyiwa
End of the Presentation