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Unit 1_ Lesson 6_ Investigation – Periodic Trends Straw Model

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Unit 1_ Lesson 6_ Investigation – Periodic Trends Straw Model Powered By Docstoc
					Chemistry                                                              Name: _______________________
Ms. Boon                                                               Period: _______ Date: __________
                    Unit 1, Lesson 6: Investigation – Periodic Trends Straw Model

INTRODUCTION
A trend is a predictable change in a certain direction. Understanding periodic trends allows us to make
predictions about the chemical behavior of the elements. In this investigation, your team will create a
3D model of one periodic trend.

PRE-LAB NOTES
The three trends we are learning about today involve ionization energy, atomic radius, and
electronegativity.

1. What is ionization energy?


2. What is atomic radius?


3. What is electronegativity?


INVESTIGATION PROCEDURE
SAFETY PRECAUTION
Do NOT touch the metal tip of the hot glue gun or the hot glue at any time. There is a very limited
supply of glue, scissors, and straws so please use these materials carefully.

MATERIALS
   Straws
   Scissors
   Periodic Table
   Hot Glue Gun
   Periodic Trend Data Chart
   Ruler

PROCEDURE
   1. Your group will receive a periodic trend data chart. Follow the directions on the chart. Your
      group is responsible for building one model of one periodic trend. If you would like, arrange
      the straw colors by metals, nonmetals and metalloids or by groups or by periods.

   2. After completing your model, identify the direction of the trend and add this information to
      your model. Your model must have two trend statements.

The trend statements should be structured as follows:
    (Choose one: Electronegativity/Ionization energy/atomic radius) (choose one:
       increases/decreases) as we move down a periodic table group.
    (Choose one: Electronegativity/Ionization energy/atomic radius) (choose one:
       increases/decreases) as we move across a periodic table period from left to right.
Chemistry                                                            Name: _______________________
Ms. Boon                                                             Period: _______ Date: __________

POST-LABORATORY QUESTIONS
Every group member must complete the post-lab questions. You may work together. You will be
asked to share your periodic table model and trend with the class.

   1. What trend did your group model?
   2. Use your trend data to make a graph of your trend for the Period 2 elements. Draw the graph
      in the space below. (X-axis: atomic # or element symbol; Y-axis: trend data)




   3. Use your trend data to make a graph of your trend for the Group 1 elements. Draw the graph
      in the space below. (X-axis: atomic # or element symbol; Y-axis: trend data)




   4. Find the textbook section on your group’s trend (ionization energy p. 133-134, atomic radius p.
      135-136, electronegativity p. 136-138). Summarize the reasoning behind the trend your group
      observed.
Chemistry                                                           Name: _______________________
Ms. Boon                                                            Period: _______ Date: __________

Notes on periodic trends: Take notes on the trends other groups observed here.

What is the trend?


Why does this happen?




What is the trend?


Why does this happen?




Practice Questions

3. Put the following in order of increasing atomic radius-

       a. Mg, P, S, Cl
       b. N, Se, Po, Te
       c. Cs, K, As, In
       d. Na, Pb, Se, Ne

4. Put the following in order of increasing electronegativity-

       a. Mg, P, S, Cl
       b. N, Se, Po, Te
       c. Cs, K, As, In
       d. Na, Pb, Se, Ne

5. Put the following in order of increasing ionization energy-

       a. Mg, P, S, Cl
       b. N, Se, Po, Te
       c. Cs, K, As, In
       d. Na, Pb, Se, Ne

				
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