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					                         What is a computer?
An electronic device that controls data/information




                                                                                                        DIgItal Competence
           This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
           communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
           responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                   Parts of computer
– Central Processing unit




                                                                                                       DIgItal Competence
– Memory
– Hard disc




          This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
          communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
          responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
            Memory of the computer
- Speed of computer:
  RAM is the amount of memory that programs




                                                                                                         DIgItal Competence
  can use

  ROM is storage media used in computers and
  can never be changed/modified


- Computer’s memory
   Types:

  Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte,
  Gigabyte, TB.

            This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
            communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
            responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                        Input devices
Are used to provide data and control signals to an
information processing system




                                                                                                          DIgItal Competence
                   Keyboard                                                        Mouse




                       Microphone




             This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
             communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
             responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                 Output Devices
Are used to communicate the results of data
processing (carried out by an information processing
system) to the outside




                                                                                                           DIgItal Competence
                                                                                      speakers
              screen




                                                                                      scan
                            printer




              This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
              communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
              responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                                 Drivers
It is any program that controls devise.

Every device, whether it is a printer, keyboard etc




                                                                                                          DIgItal Competence
must have a driver program

Drivers may interface with:

   Hard disk,
   Network drives,
   USB flash,
   drive,
   CD-RW,
   DVD-RW

             This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
             communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
             responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                              Software
• Operating Systems 1) runs on computers and
                                          2) manages the computer hardware




                                                                                                              DIgItal Competence
• Software applications
   –   Microsoft Word
   –   Microsoft Excel
   –   Microsoft Access
   –   Microsoft PowerPoint
   –   Internet Explorer




                 This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
                 communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
                 responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
   Information Communication
   Technology in Everyday Life
• Electronic World




                                                                                                            DIgItal Competence
  – E-commerce: is the buying and selling of products
    or services over electronic systems
  – E-banking: deal with electronic transactions online
  – E-government: enable citizens to communicate via
    internet
  – E-learning: electronically learning
  – Teleworking: involves working at home with the aid
    of a computer

               This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
               communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
               responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
       Information Communication
       Technology in Everyday Life
• Communications types
   – E-mail                                   -Web Log: interactive webpages,




                                                                                                               DIgItal Competence
                                              people can leave comments and
                                              exchange messages between them

                                              -RSS: used to publish frequently
                                              updated work

• Virtual Communities: social network of individuals
   –   social networking websites
   –   Internet forums
   –   chat rooms
   –   online computer games


                  This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
                  communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
                  responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
      Information Communication
      Technology in Everyday Life
!!!! Precautions when using online




                                                                                                              DIgItal Competence
communities:

  –   make your profile private
  –   limit the amount of personal information you post,
  –   be aware that posted information is publicly available,
  –   be wary of strangers.




                 This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
                 communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
                 responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                           Security measures
1) Identity/Authentication
     – Username
     – Passwords




                                                                                                                 DIgItal Competence
2) Data Security
    – Backupfiles
    – Firewalls

3) Viruses
    – Types of viruses, how these act
    – How to protect out PCs against viruses

                With the above Data is Protected

                    This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
                    communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
                    responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                       Operating System
Computer configuration- is the arrangement of functional
                      units such as




                                                                                                           DIgItal Competence
 – date & time,
 – volume
 – settings, desktop display options (colour settings, desktop
   background, screen pixel resolution, screen saver
 options).




              This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
              communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
              responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                              Example of computer
                                     configuration
Go to Control Panel




                                                                                                              DIgItal Competence
                 This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
                 communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
                 responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
For changing the background go to:

Control Panel- Appearance and Personalisation - Presentation- Desktop
Background




                                                                                                               DIgItal Competence
                  This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
                  communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
                  responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
For changing the appearance of your display go to:

Control Panel- Appearance and Personalisation-Display- Screen Resolution




                                                                                                               DIgItal Competence
                  This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
                  communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
                  responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                             File Management
       Is a method of organising computer files and their data.

Example:
• Create Folders: Go to My Documents and click New Folder. Name




                                                                                                              DIgItal Competence
  the folder appropriately (a folder may contain several files).




                 This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
                 communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
                 responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                                             DIgItal Competence
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                         File Management
Using Microsoft Word




                                                                                                          DIgItal Competence
  – Creating a file
  – Renaming a file (right click on mouse: Rename)
  – Copying, moving (right click on mouse: Copy, right
    click again paste)
  – Deleting, restoring
  – Searching for a file or folder



             This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
             communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
             responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
The following are examples of files




                                                                                                                DIgItal Competence
                   This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
                   communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
                   responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                              Word Processing
Working with Documents




                                                                                                               DIgItal Competence
  – Create a document: Go to All programs- Microsoft Office-
    Microsoft Office Word




                  This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
                  communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
                  responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                                             DIgItal Competence
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                             Word Processing
Working with Documents




                                                                                                              DIgItal Competence
  – Save a document or save an existing document:
   Go to File- Save As




                 This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
                 communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
                 responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                                             DIgItal Competence
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                           Word Processing
Working with Documents




                                                                                                            DIgItal Competence
  – Close a document: Go to File- Close




               This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
               communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
               responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                                             DIgItal Competence
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                           Word Processing
Working with Documents




                                                                                                            DIgItal Competence
  – Open a document: Go to File- Open




               This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
               communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
               responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                                             DIgItal Competence
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                    Document Creation
1) Enter text




                                                                                                             DIgItal Competence
2) Select text
    – World
    – Line
    – Paragraph
    – Whole document




                This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
                communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
                responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                   Document Creation
3) Edit text
4) Move and copy text within the same document or




                                                                                                            DIgItal Competence
   between documents (right click on the text)



                                Edit text



                                                           Move or copy
                                                           document




               This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
               communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
               responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                 Formatting text and
                                        paragraphs
• Text (Formatting tools)
                              Font           Size




                                                                                                           DIgItal Competence
                                         Underline             Font colour
                       Bold
                                 Italic               Highlight




              This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
              communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
              responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                                             DIgItal Competence
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                 Formatting text and
                                        paragraphs
-Paragraph




                                                                                                           DIgItal Competence
     Bullets and numbering                  Indents




                                                    Line spacing




              This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
              communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
              responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                                             DIgItal Competence
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                                   Tables
Tables Creation:

   1) Create a table




                                                                                                           DIgItal Competence
   2) Insert, edit data in a table.
   3) Select rows, columns, cells, entire table.
   4) Insert, delete, rows and columns.




              This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
              communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
              responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                                             DIgItal Competence
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                                    Tables
Table Formatting:




                                                                                                            DIgItal Competence
   – Modify column width, row height.
   – Modify cell border line style, width, colour.
   – Add shading/background colour to cells.




               This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
               communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
               responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                                             DIgItal Competence
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                Prepare outputs
• Go to Page Layout
  –   Page setup
  –   Orientation




                                                                                                            DIgItal Competence
  –   Change page Margins
  –   Create and edit headers and footers
  –   Apply page numbering




               This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
               communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
               responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                                             DIgItal Competence
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                                             DIgItal Competence
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                             Prepare outputs
• Check and Printing
  – Using Spelling and grammar




                                                                                                         DIgItal Competence
  – Printing




            This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
            communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
            responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                                             DIgItal Competence
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                              The Internet
             The Internet Concepts
– What is Internet:




                                                                                                           DIgItal Competence
It is a global system of interconnected computer networks
– Understand WWW, ISP, URL
– The make up and structure of a web address
– What is a Web Browser:
It is a software program that interprets the coding language of the
    World Wide Web in graphic form
– What is a search Engine:
Retrieves documents/ files from the internet or a computer network



              This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
              communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
              responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                             The Internet
    Web Browsing: Actions that involves




                                                                                                          DIgItal Competence
–   Display a web page in a new window, tab.
–   Stop a web page from downloading.
–   Refresh a web page.
–   Use available Help functions.




             This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
             communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
             responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                            The Internet
                Settings: It involves




                                                                                                          DIgItal Competence
–   Setting the home page
–   Allow, block pop-ups.
–   Allow, block cookies.
–   Delete cache/temporary internet files.




             This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
             communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
             responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
For arranging settings on the your internet home page go:
                    Tools- Internet Options




                                                                                                         DIgItal Competence
            This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
            communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
            responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                            The Internet
                             Navigation




                                                                                                        DIgItal Competence
– Activate a hyperlink.
– Navigate backwards and forwards between
  previously visited web pages.
– Navigate to the Home page.
– Display previously visited URLs using the browser
  address bar, history.




           This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
           communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
           responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                              The Internet
• Saving a web page




                                                                                                          DIgItal Competence
• Printing



             This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
             communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
             responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                   Using the Web
                                Searching
1) Select a specific search engine i.e. www.google.com




                                                                                                          DIgItal Competence
2) Carry out a search for specific information using a keyword,
   phrase.




             This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
             communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
             responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
            Electronic Communication
• Concepts
   – What is e-mail?
   Is a type of electronically communication




                                                                                                            DIgItal Competence
   – Make up and structure of e-mail address:
   An email address always contains this symbol @
      (chris@mmclearningsolutions.com)
   – Online virtual communities
        • Internet forums
        • Social Networking web sites
            – www.facebook.com
            – www.twitter.com
        • Chat rooms

• Security: Always remember to protect your profile
               This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
               communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
               responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
   • Advantages of e-mails                                     Electronic mail
Easy to use:
You can manage your contacts, send mails quickly, maintain mail history, store
the required information, etc.




                                                                                                                     DIgItal Competence
Speed:
The e-mail is delivered instantly, anywhere in the world
Reliable and secure
It can be Informal
Easier for reference:
When one needs to reply to a mail, allows you to attach the previous mails as
references.
Automated e-mails:
It is possible to send automated e-mails using special programs like the
autoresponders. to reply back to the senders informing i.e. that you are out of
office.

                        This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
                        communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
                        responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                          Electronic mail
• Advantages of e-mails (continued)

Environment friendly: no paper is used.




                                                                                                                DIgItal Competence
Use of graphics: you can edit your text accordingly
Advertising tool: Many individuals and companies are using e-mails
to advertise their products, services, etc.




                   This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
                   communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
                   responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                          Electronic mail
• Disadvantages of e-mails
 Viruses:
 Can harm a computer system. These programs copy themselves and
 further infect the computer.




                                                                                                                DIgItal Competence
 Hacking:
 It is breaking into computer security. After the e-mail is sent and before
 it is received by the desired recipient, it transports between servers
 located in different parts of the world. The e-mail can be hacked
 Misinterpretation:
 As with all types of communication, one has to be careful when writing.
 Ensure that communication is clear
 Lengthy mails:
 If the mail is too long and not properly presented the reader may lose
 interest in reading it and might not be even delivered
 Need to check the inbox regularly:
 People might expect replies
                   This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
                   communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
                   responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                                             DIgItal Competence
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                     Electronic Mail
Receiving e-mails
  – Use the reply, reply to all function.




                                                                                                            DIgItal Competence
  – Forward an e-mail.
  – Save a file attachment to a location on a drive and open the
    file.
  – Preview, print a message




               This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
               communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
               responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                                                                             DIgItal Competence
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                            E-MAIL Management
–   Search for an e-mail by sender, subject, e-mail content.




                                                                                                            DIgItal Competence
–   Sort e-mails by name, by date, by size.
–   Create, delete an e-mail folder.
–   Move e-mails to an e-mail folder.
–   Delete an e-mail.
–   Restore a deleted e-mail.
–   Empty the e-mail bin/deleted




               This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
               communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
               responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
                                  E-mail Management
• Address Book




                                                                                                              DIgItal Competence
   – Add contact details to an address book. Delete contact details
     from an address book.
   – Update an address book from incoming e-mail.
   – Create, update a distribution list/mailing list.




                 This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
                 communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
                 responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
Go to: Contacts and click New




                                                                                                         DIgItal Competence
            This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
            communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
            responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
These are some of the basic things
that you need to know about
computers.




                                                                                                   DIgItal Competence
On your own try out what you have
learned for about an hour.

The point is not to be afraid to use
the computer. The computer will
just follow your commands


      This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This [publication]
      communication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held
      responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

				
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