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FORENSIC MEDICINE INTRODUCTORY CLASS Introduction to forensic medicine, various branches, its importance and utility in civilized society Our relationship Teacher student relationship require Mutual • Trust • Love • Respect Our expectation I) excepted from you • Respect of teachers • Discipline in class / college/ university • Punctuality & consistence • Follow pre-designed academic schedule • Acquire/display/ latest/best possible knowledge/skills Ii) expected of us • Transfer of adequate knowledge • Proper guidance • Counseling when required • Solving academic problems Our subject Forensic medicine Forensic medicine • Forensis = law • Medicine = knowledge about human structure & behavior Alternate words for forensic medicine • State medicine • Legal medicine • Court medicine • Tibb-e-sharia Definition • Forensic medicine, legal medicine or state medicine is a branch of medicine which deals with the application of knowledge and principles of medical science to help law. Toxicology branch of forensic medicine which deals with poisons, their properties, the symptoms they produce and therapeutic measures used to antagonize their toxic effects. It also deals with diagnosis and detection of poisons and various chemical tests used to identify them in living as well as dead. Why a medical man is involved in legal procedure: Doctor is the only scientific man who knows all about human machinery & its mechanics. He can certify any defect or otherwise in the structure, function & behavior of human body. He believes in facts not in presumptions. Scope of forensic medicine: three main areas Clinical forensic medicine. (medico-legal examination) deals with living person ex: certification of age, sex, injuries,capability of performing sexual inter course,examination of victim & assailant in sexual offences. 2. Forensic pathology Dissection of dead Post-mortem examination or Autopsy 3. Forensic sciences: Associated scientific fields used For crime detection. • Dactyloscopy (finger prints) • Forensic radiology • Forensic anthropometry (osteology) • Forensic odontology (dentistry) • Ballistics (guns) • Questioned documents • Forensic biology (serology, semen, hairs) • Forensic entomology (insects) • Trace evidence (criminlistics) Crime Definition • Any social harm defined and made punishable by law Ingredients of crime • Mens-rea (legal term) latin • Evil intent • Role of mind • Actus reus (legal term) latin • Wrong action • Role of body Without these two elements, crime can not be committed. Forensic medicine schedule: • Moreover students will attend autopsies in the mortuary. • Students are directed to visit accident and emergency department of chk to see medico legal cases of injuries, sexual offences, road traffic accidents and poisoning Course objectives • Legal procedures • Laws related to medical man • Personal identity • Autopsy • Thanatology ( death & its medicolegal aspects) • Traumatology (mechanical, regional, fire arms, explosions,burns,heat, cold, electrocution, road traffic accidents) • Asphyxia • Forensic sexology which include- virginity,impotency & sterility,pregnancy,delivery,abortion,artificial insemination,sterilization. sexual offences, sexual perversions • Crimes against new born ( infanticide, battered baby, s i d s) • Forensic serology (including biological specimens, dna finger printing) • Forensic psychiatry • Trace evidences • Toxicology i- general toxicology ii- special toxicology For study: Recommended material: • Class notes • Books • Principles and practice of forensic medicine-nasib.r.awan • Text book of forensic medicine and toxicology- c k parekh 6th edition • Text book of forensic medicine and toxicology- krishan vijj 4th edition • Modern toxicology- pillay • ellenhorn’s medical toxicology-2nd edition ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
"Intro to Forensic Medicine"