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					Mexico, Central America, and
      the Caribbean II
Mexico, Central America, and the
          Caribbean II
Learning objectives :
• List the characteristics of Mexico
• Discuss the various terrains
• Describe different types of the Caribbean

Overview :-
• Capital :Mexico city
• Government : Federal republic operating
  under a centralized government
• Tourist season :- April through September,
  Coastal :- November through April
• Peak Tourist Season :- March (11%) and
  December (10%)

• Currency :- Peso
• Population :- 99.6 million(2001)
• Size :- 761,605 square miles
      Physical Characteristics

• Mostly high, rugged mountains
• Extinct volcanos, low coastal plains and
  high plateaus
• Bounded by two mountain ranges a)
  Sierra Madre Oriental on the east b) Sierra
  Madre Occidental on the west
     Tourism Characteristics

• Largest earner of foreign exchange after
• Border towns along US and Mexico benefit
• 1998 20 million tourists’ visitors
• 65 million visitors’ on day-trips, mostly
  from along the US-Mexican border
       Tourist Destination and
4 major tourist regions are :-
• Cancun
• Acapulco,
• Mexico city
• Guadalajara

Some of the major tourist regions of Mexico
are of as follows :-
1)Baja California
• Ecotourism and the newly developing
  coastal resorts
• Whale watching
• Desert

2) Border Towns :- Tijuana, Ciudad Jarez,
   Reynosa attract millions of day trippers,
   mainly for shopping

3) Northwest Region
• Guadalajara is the second largest city of
• Impressive town square focused on the
  Cathedral and Palace of the Governor
• Small villages offer pottery, lovely
  embroidery and hand-loomed cotton and
  wool fabrics

4)   Southwest
•    Centers around Oaxaca
•    Represents the Indian culture of Mexico
•    Known for its crafts of pottery, gold and
     silver jewellery, skirts, blouses, men’s
     shirts etc.
5) Yucatan
• Combines outstanding archaeological
   sites and Caribbean resorts
• Pyramids, temples, vaults
• Cancun – planned destination resort and
   Mexico’s most popular coastal resort
• Crystal-clear Caribbean waters and the
   abundance of seafood, fruit, and

• Most densely populated region of the
• Extreme wealthy and extreme poverty
• Sugar and tourism two major sources of
• Region’s leading industry despite damage
  from hurricanes, civil unrest, bankrupt tour
• Direct scheduled air service from the
  American market reaches a number of
• Largest cruise destination in the world
• Longer-stay tourist market has declined
  with competition from Florida and Cancun
  in Mexico
• Led to resentment but also good for the
            Travel Patterns

• 56% of its visitors are from the US and
• European market increased from 13% to
  24.7% in 1998
• Reasons for increase :- a) Lack of warm
  winter weather b) Large population along
  the eastern seaboard
• Major transportation :- a) ship b) airplane
            Travel Patterns

• Over 200 hundred cruise departures a
  year from ports along the North America
  coasts, such as Miami, New York, Port
  Everglades, and San Juan and within the
  Caribbean Islands themselves
• Highest level of tourism from January
  through April and declines slightly during
  the rainy summer season.
            Travel Patterns
• Cultural links with European nations
• 3 major European groups of tourists to the
  Caribbean are English, French, and
• England and France have developed
  strong patterns of tourism from their long
  colonial ties
• Germany seeking exotic places to spend
  money in the sun
            Travel Patterns

• Most visited islands are the Bahamas, the
  Dominican Republic, Jamaica and Cuba
• Uniqueness pattern of life that is
  expressed in the language, music dance,,
  art, architecture, and foods of the region
          US Virgin Islands

• Group of small islands between Puerto
  Rico and the Leeward Islands
• Mostly mountainous, with many beaches
  and bays
• Subtropical, tempered by easterly trade
           US Virgin Islands
• Capital :- Charolotte Amalie, St. Thomas
• Government :- US Territory
• Size :- 133 square miles
• Language :- English, Spanish, Creole
• Ethnic Division : 80% Black, 15% US mainland,
  5% other
• Tourist Season :- Year-round
• Peak Tourist Season :- January through March
          US Virgin Islands

• Currency :- US$
• Population :-122,211 (2001)
           US Virgin Islands

• Income comes from tourism
• Strong tourist industry with excellent airline
  and cruise connections to the US
• Duty-Free shops (rum, jewellery and
  cigarettes are popular items)
• Charlotte Amalie on St. Thomas built by
  Danes, and visitors can see old oldest
  synagogues in the western hemisphere
           US Virgin Islands

• Real St. Thomas is secluded beaches,
  endless vistas, and restaurants
• World of water sports, tennis (at least eight
  hotels have their own courts) and golf
• St. John has hiking, unique water
  snorkeling trail, restored sugar mills and

• It gives a good overview of the South
• It has also listed down the various
  attractions which you would enjoy while
  visiting the South America

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