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Developing and Sustaining an Enterprise Architecture an Enterprise

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					Developing and Sustaining
an Enterprise Architecture

            it’s b i    i ’t
........... it’ obvious isn’t it?

Brigadier Alan Clacher OBE MSc FBCS
Head – Logistics Networked Enabled Capability Programme
E-mail: DESLogNECProg-Hd@mod.uk
E mail: DESLogNECProg Hd@mod uk




                                                          1
Why are we here?


 Sh     ideas?
  Share id    ?
 Discuss – what works and what doesn’t.....
B     h
  Benchmark:k
    Resources – what level is effective.... 2,3,4%
    Tools – one size fits all or a ‘golf bag’ approach
                                     golf bag
    Time to implement
 Benefits
 Seek views on ‘really wicked problems’
 Extend professional networks



                                                          2
Aim


 R fl t
  Reflect
     EA 2009 and journey since then
 Highlight the ‘through life implications of taking an EA
                 through      implications’
  approach
     Organisational
     Technological – tools, etc
     Cultural
     Benefits
 What’s in it for you................
     Reuse what works and avoid expensive mistakes!



                                                       3
Criticisms Of EA

   Technology-led,                             applications
    Technology led with standardisation of applications, systems and technologies used as driver
    for enforced business change;
   Dogmatic, in the sense that nominal standardisation at an enterprise level is seen as a more
    important goal than meeting end users' real requirements;
   Over-ambitious, in the sense that few EA strategies seem to be able to stop short of a idealised,
    perfect scenario;
   Unverified, in that no one has properly analysed the achievability or sustainability of the proposed
    EA;
   Divorced from the current state, in the sense that although the current state is usually shown,
    there is no analysis of how the first steps can be taken from the current to the idealised future
    state;
   Futuristic,                                                                   doesn t
    Futuristic in the sense that the EA strategy plans so far in advance that it doesn't sensibly guide
    the immediate next IT strategy steps;
   Politicised, in the sense that things are reduced to sound-bites and perceptions and not judged
    on hard analysis of benefits and weaknesses.

bcs (The Chartered Institute for IT), 2009, Opinion: Enterprise architecture - dogmatic and over-
   ambitious?


                                                                                           4
The MOD support chain – scope
Defence Logistic Vision



 The Defence Logistic Vision envisages a highly effective, agile
 and networked logistic capability that underpins the
 operational commander’s ability to execute his mission
 successfully. This capability will be derived from joint,
 integrated and i t
 i t     t d                  bl           t        t
               d interoperable support concepts, which h hi h have
 been tested and developed to provide the military comander with
 confidence in his ability to deliver effect at the desired tempo.
 Success will be built on adaptable systems and force elements
 combined with standardised logistic processes and
 procedures.
     Rationalisation of tri Service processes .......
         wicked problem
     my ‘wicked problem’
             AML Intranet
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Text Key: Engineering Function,                                                                                                                   ROYAL MAIL/B.A                                 DCMS OA
          Supply Function,
                                                                         MOD Ledger
          Both
BAES          RR




GD           AW

       MOD




LM           THALES
FLIS Logistics EA
    Summary                                                                           FLIS Logistics EA Summary
                                                                                       LOG NEC ARCHITECTURE



                                    MODAF views        Strategic Views                      Operational views               System views




                                                       Conceptual                              Logical                       Physical
                                                        Design                               Architecture                   Architecture




                                                                                            Business




                                                          Integration




                                                                                                Integration




                                                                                                                             Integration
                                                                        Integration
                                           Business




                                                                                                              Integration




                                                                                                                                           Integration
                                           Context




                                                                                           Information
                                                                                                                                                         Epoch 1   Epoch 2   Epoch 3




                                                                                                Integration




                                                                                                                             Integration
                                                            tegration


                                                                        Integratio




                                                                                                              Integratio




                                                                                                                                           Integratio
                    Operating Framework                                          on




                                                                                                                       on




                                                                                                                                                    on
                                                          Int




                                                                                            Function
                                                                                                Integration




                                                                                                                             Integration
                                                              gration


                                                                        Integration




                                                                                                              Integration




                                                                                                                                           Integration
                                          Technology
                                                          Integ




                                           Context




                                                                                           Technology
                                                                             Logs NEC Architecture conceptual


                       MODAF views                             Strategic Views                                   Operational views                     System views




                                            Conceptual Design                                 Logical Architecture                   Physical Architecture




                                                                                                                                         Business
                                                                                                  Business
                                      Strategic goals                                             Business                              Capability
                                                                                                  Process
                                                                                                                                        Realisation




                                                          on




                                                                                                                                                  on
                                                                                                             n
                                                                                                   Integration
                                                 Integratio




                                                                                                                                         Integratio
                                                                                                                      Integration
                                                                                                                      I
                                                                     Integration




                                                                                                                                                           Integration
                           Business
                           Context



                                                                                   InformationInformation                                              Data




                                                                                                   Integration




                                                                                                                                         Integration
                                                                     Integration




                                                                                                                      Integration




                                                                                                                                                           Integration
                                                 Integration

     Operating Framework


                                                                                                                                        Information
                                                                                                  Function                                Systems



                                                                                                   Integration




                                                                                                                                         Integration
                                                 Integration



                                                                     Integration




                                                                                                                      Integration




                                                                                                                                                           Integration
                       Technology
                        Context
                                                                Technology Services
                                                                                                                                      Platforms and
                                                                                                Technology                            Infrastructure



AV-1 Overview and
                              Created: 08/05/2009 17:35:35                            Modified: 08/05/2009 17:35:35                    Owner: Administrator
Summary Information
Change
                                Year 4
Reqt

                      Year 3


                 Year 2


        Year 1
                                                       4

                 Conceptual        Logical       Physical
 Business        Strategy          Process       Procedures
                 1                       2       Organisation
                                                            3
 Information     Ontology          LCIA – info   Services
                                   arch     3

 Data            Ontology          Data Model    Data
                                                 structures

 Technical       Technology        Design        Systems
                 Architecture      model
                                                                              Request for process
                                                                                 change RFC
                                                        Joint Business &
                                                        Tech Architecture                              Business Process
                                                                                                         Improvement


                     Endorsed as consistent with JLEA
Business Capability Manager
Owns the business processes                                                                                           Update policy
codified in the application
                                                                                                                      (JSP 886) and
Understands the information                                                                                           trg
managed by the application, the                                     Which is part of Jt Log Ent Arch
information flows to other related
applications
Has log SMEs who understand &
manage data
Has log expert users of the
                                         BCM Owns
application(s)


                        Business Capability Manager
                           Consignment Tracking
              prioritises RFCs with FLCs & key stakeholders



                         FLIS Commercial Framework                                       MOD Monitor &
                                                                                           Manage DP
                                                                                        Performance Mgt
                                                                                        incl spt from CSA


                        FLIS Delivery Partner - Boeing
             Sustain and deliver incremental improvements
13
Organisation


G t          ti        to   (FTEs) f th head    t
  Gartner metric - 2% t 4% (FTE ) of the h d count
 Six major factors influence these percentages:
    Th scope of the EA effort - d
     The            f th                   include business and
                              ff t does it i l d b i           d
     information architecture?
    The focus of the EA effort - does it focus on defining a future
                                                          g
     state, or is it focused on documenting the current state and
     setting standards?
    The roles and responsibilities of EA
                                       EA.
    The budget allocated for EA efforts as a strategic planning
     discipline.
    Integration with other enterprise planning efforts, such as
     business strategies or program and portfolio management.

                                                               15
    Constructing the Logs NEC Architecture

 Anchored by core                               MODAF views                        Strategic Views              Operational views                System views


  standards:
                                                                              Conceptual Design         Logical Architecture             Physical Architecture
     Capability taxonomies
     Business process                                           Capability
                                                                taxonomies
                                                                                                                           Process
                                                                                                                         Architectures

      architecture from key        Business
                                                                     Business
                                   Strategies
      business areas
                                                     Business
     Information architecture                       Context
                                                                                                      LCIA
     Technical portfolio - ITIL                                       Information
 Connectivity of core         Operating Framework


  material matched by                                                                                                                        Applications
                                                                                                                                              Portfolio
                                                                                                                                                            Applications
                                                                                                                                                             Portfolio
                                                                                                                                                  pp           pp
                                                                                                                                                Applications Applications
                                                                      Function
       ll l ti it for
  parallel activity f                                                                                                                             Portfolio     Portfolio



  gathering / validating                         Technology
                                                  Context


  material to fill the gaps Technology                                                                                                   Technical     Technical
                             strategies                              Technology                                                            data
                                                                                                                                             Technical
                                                                                                                                                         data
                                                                                                                                                           Technical

 Policy, process and                                                                                                                           data          data




  procedures accessed
  through architecture =
  wide stakeholder use
                                                               Not constrain Commander’s freedom of manoeuvre

                                                               Readiness to respond at short notice
  Logistic Vision


                                    Agile Supply               Robustness (including multiple routes / methods of supply)
     Defence
           V




                                                               Adapt rapidly to changing operational requirements

                        Adaptable Systems and Force Elements   Provide visibility everywhere it is needed

                                                               Re-usable / reconfigurable systems & force elements

                         Standardised Logistic Processes and   Standardised and simplified processes & procedures
Programme




                                    Procedures
 Logistics
 Defence




                                                               Command and Control is integrated and end-to-end

                                                               Forward & Reverse Supply Chain executed as one system
                             Integrated Support Network
                                                               Design to speed flow and reduce variability

                                                               Planning is integrated
                             Optimised Support Network
  DE&S




                                                               Ability to integrate effectively with Allies and other Actors
  SO 1




                                                               Accountability for Performance against measurable targets
                           Minimised Demand on Logistics       Meet Operational [Customer] Requirement

                                                               Information is timely and accurate

                           Flexible Command and Control        Minimise training burden
                print




                                                               Optimised Reliability, Availability, and Maintainability of Equipment
        JSC Bluep




                         Comprehensive Capability Planning     Understand and manage Logistic Risks to operations

                                                               Use and share Logistic support across Allies, Industry and other Actors

                                                               Increase customer confidence in supply
                                   y g g
                               Unifying Logistic Ethos
                                                               Process improvement is based upon Performance Analysis

                                                               Ensure appropriate skills and training                22
Benefits delivered



  Reuse of supply and engineering support information services developed for
   one platform has reduced the cost and time for each subsequent platform by a
   factor of 10
     Cost - direct development cost savings of £48m and enabled indirect
                           p                g
       savings (manpower etc) of £40m
     Time - delivery of the required information service in 3-4 months not 2 years
  Cost avoidance – £40m saved through p              g
                                         g preventing the p procurement of a new
   engineering application for a new platform coming into service – existing MOD
   application met 90% of requirement
  Reduce time & cost at analysis stage - business and information architecture
   – estimated minimum saving of £100-200k per initiative/project – currently
   working on 130 projects
  Assurance that projects will deliver more robust, integrated and interoperable
   solutions – GET IT RIGHT AT DESIGN STAGE
  Underpins through life management approach to logistics support
      Allows the proactive management of complex inter and intra organisational interfaces
Lessons Identified and Learnt – EA 2009 +

 A strong, well resourced Programme team with the appropriate tools and experience
     strong                               team,
  is essential
 Invest in the highest quality people at the outset of the Programme
 Expectation management
     this is a long term initiative
     quick wins are achievable
     big wins come when the Programme processes are well bedded in the   in,
        population of the architecture repository is both broad and deep, and the use of
        the architecture (and associated tools) is a normal feature of day to day work
 Don’t aim to support enterprise architects:
  Don t
     Focus on developing a decision support system for business stakeholders to use
        themselves
 It’s not about frameworks or building models:
                                        g
     Treat architecture as an exercise in business integration, covering a diverse and
        connected range of artefacts, plus corporate information
 The only criterion for success is delivered business outcome
Criticisms........


Criticisms                        Log NEC Approach
Technology-led                    Business-led
Dogmatic                          Pragmatic and benefits driven
Over-ambitious                    Incremental and iterative
Unverified                        Designed to dire
Divorced from the current state   Directly supports day to day
                                  processes and project
                                  implementation
                                  i l       t ti
Futuristic                        Directly supports in-year plans but
                                  defines future state
Politicised                       Based on hard benefits that have
                                  been delivered


                                                              28
 Key points........ Issues for discussion?


 The use of an ‘enterprise architecture’ approach has been critical in allowing us
  to ‘chart a course through complexity’
 But the real value has come through treating component parts of the
  architecture – business processes, organisational structures, locations,
  information flows, data architecture – as configurable items, that can be stored,
  reused, amended published.
  reused amended, published
 Tools now at a level of maturity to allow users to directly exploit the various
  component of the architecture – integrated tool set
 Buy in at all levels critical
  Buy-in
    Must be able to demonstrate benefit to users at the operational level
    You need both ‘carrot and the stick’
 Governance is key but the design must support agility, responsiveness,
  federation and an incremental development approach at both the business and
  technical level

                                                                       29
Developing and Sustaining
an Enterprise Architecture

            it’s b i    i ’t
........... it’ obvious isn’t it?

Brigadier Alan Clacher OBE MSc FBCS
Head – Logistics Networked Enabled Capability Programme
E-mail: DESLogNECProg-Hd@mod.uk
E mail: DESLogNECProg Hd@mod uk




                                                          30

				
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