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                                                                                                                                                   VOLUME 46 NUMBER 13         JUNE 20, 1983
                                                                                                                                                                                  -         -




                                                                                                                                                                                        -
    High·Fiy~ng 76er~_ ~_ly _ TWA 767                                                                                                                Travel Agents
                                                                                                                                                                '84
                                                                                                                                                     Briefed.on _
                                                                                                                                                     TWA is introducing a new Florida Visit
                                                                                                                                                   · USA fare program, a new USA Travel
                                                                                                                                                     Planner·for travel agents and a USA restau- .
                                                                                                                                                     rant guide in 1984 to support its aggressive
                                                                                                                                                                         c
                                                                                                                                                     USA promotional - ampaign.
                                                                                                                                                        "We're in our ninth year of being the
                                                                                                                                                     number one carrier across the Atlantic, and
                                                                                                                                                     we plan to build on that position by domg
                                                                                                                                                     more for the trade and the consumer;'' Bill
                                                                                                                                                     Slattery, international division vice presi=
                                                                                                                                                     dent, said.              ·
                                                                                                                                                        "We're designing the tools to help travel
                                                                                                                                                     agents across our international system sell
                                                                                                                                                     their clients on TWA to and through the
                                                                                                                                                     USA," Slattery said.
                                                                                                                                                        He outlined TWA's USA marketing pro-
                                                                                                                                                     gram for 1984:             _
                                                                                                                                                        Fares . TWA will offer a special Florida
                                                                                                                                                     VUSA fare of $299 in conjunction with
                                                                                                                                                     Dolphin Airlines . ·Travelers from London
                                                                                                                                                     can tie in California and Florida for $399.
                                                                                                                                                     Or passengers using TWA's $399 regul~
                                                                                                                                                     VUSA, for travel all across America, may
                                                                                                                                                     include Florida for an additional $99.
                                                                                                                                                        TWA's regular VUSA fare of·$399 is
                                                                                                                                                     guaranteed through 31 March~ 1984 . .
                                                                                                                                                        Travel Planner. The first USA Travel
                                                                                                                                                     Planner has been distributed to 7,000 travel
                                                                                                                                                     agents in Europe and the Middle East; the
                                                                                                                                                     1984 edition will be available in January.
                                                                                                                                                     The 336-page planner provides travel
     The Philadelphia 76ers' Reggie Johrison waves a bottle of champagne to the crowd of 5,000 that greeted the NBA champions on - agents with a fast, accurate reference on
     their arrival home from Los Angeles aboard TWA Flight 38, a Boeing 767. The 76ers won four straight from the Los Angeles                        U.S. destinations and travel services. One
     Lakers. Me~srs. Jackson, Moses Malone, Julius Erving, etc. temporarily sat in for Wilt Chamberiain and Kareem-Abdul Jabar as                    agent said the planner ''gives information
     testimonials for TWA's spacious seating.                                                           Photo- Philadelphia Inquirer! Phil Sears _   that we cannot find elsewhere and·is easy to
                                                                                                                                                     work with."
                                                                                                       Movin' Up                                        Restaurant Guide. Following the intro·-
    Pass Policy                                            The proposed new one-way charges are
                                                       ·summarized below:                              With assets of more than $200 million, the
                                                                                                       TWA Credit Union now ranks 21st in the
                                                                                                                                                     duction la~t year of its guide to restauran.ts
                                                                                                                                                     in Europe, TWA has again joined with
                                                                                First Ambass. Coach
    Proposals:                                          TransatL!Polar          $50 $40
                                                        Domestic transcon $30 $20
                                                                                               $25
                                                                                               $10
                                                                                                       United States (up from 23rd). Membe_rs'
                                                                                                       shares exceed $193 million, ~bile loans
                                                                                                                                                     noted British restaurant critic Egon Ronay
                                                                                                                                                     to produce a guide to restaurants in major
                                                                                                                                                     American cities. It will be sold in book
      Because the costs of providing non-                  non-stop                                    total $107 million, according to president
                                                                                                                                                     stores.
    . revenue transportation have steadily con-:                                                       E. Wiley Barker.
                                                        Other dom; within $20 $20              $10                                                      These new programs are designed to
      tinued to rise in the 3 112 years since TWA                                                         Of the Credit Union's 36,704 members,
                                                           Europe                                                                                    continue TWA's recent promotional cam-
      last adjusted the charges applied to the use                                                     18,163 currently have loans . More than
                                                                                                                                                     paigns to sell its American destinations.
      of employee passes, the airline .is now re-          While pass-charges policies vary widely     3,000 members have Individual Retire-
                                                                                                                                                        Earlier this year the airline conducted a -
      viewing a proposal to increa$e those              from one carrier to another, the proposed     -ment Accounts (IRAs) worth almost $6
      charges on August 1.                 -          · new rates would be roughly comparable to       million.                                                                        (topage3)
         The objective is to establish a reasonable   . those of TWA's competitors amorig the Big
      relationship to the costs (as determined in a__ Three. Because American's and United's ·                            n
                                                                                                     Arizona on View in Lo. don CTO
      study made in April of this year) of provid-      systems are mileage-related, TWAers
      ing a given service level, in terms of food       would pay slightly. more for First Class
      and beverages, fuel and oil, ground han-          service on medium-haul domestic flights,
      dling, revenue accounting and commissary          but less on transcons and considerably less
      supplies.                                         on transoceanic segments - to destina-
         According to that study, for example,          tions many find much more attractive.
      the cost of providing First Class service on         Payment of the proposed new First Class
      a domestic transcon flight is now estimated       and Ambassador Class charges for all ac-
      at $32.83 per passenger. The current              tive employees on the U.S. payroll and
      charge for TWA employees, either $8 or          · their eligible family members would be by
      $16, depending on years of service or pass        payroll deduction on!J; and authorized at
      classification, pays only a fraction of that      the time of departure. Detailed procedures
      cost; even the proposed new charge, $30,          would be published prior to implementa-
      would·fall $2.83 short of covering it.            tion.
                                                           Under the new program, employees
      Less for Ambassador Class                         with 15 years' seniority would continue to
         An international First Class service that      receive free coach transportation, as would
      now costs TWA $52.82 has been available           management level F and G; only if they or
      to employees for $20 or $40, again depend-        their eligible family members traveled
      ing on years of service or pass classifica-       First Class or Ambassador Class would
      tion; the proposed new charge would be            they pay the new rate. Employees with less
                                                        than 15 years' seniority would pay the new
      $50.                                                                                             The Grand Canyon State is the subject of a photo exhibit on view in the TWA CTO at
         While the rates would rise, one new            going rate for the various classes of service
                                                                                                       200 Piccadilly, London, through the summer. The show, produced jointly by Arizona
      feature would make Ambassador Class               as shown on the accompanying chart of
                                                                                                       Highways magazine and the Arizona state tourism department, was officially opened
      available for $10 le~s than Fir~t Class ·op       examples.                                      by Governor Bruce E. Babbitt of Arizona. TWA ticket agents Caroline Steel (left) and
      transcon and transatlantic flights; under the        No one is likely to applaud the proposed    Mary McDonn~U are shown at the exhibit. Arizona is a popular destination for
    current program, both cost the same.                                             (topage3)       vacationing Britons.
                                                            c0ntinue fl·ying ·for TWA, while using her
                                                            legal training to help poor people through
                                                                                                               -   Andre Marville is Honored.?
                                                                                                                                        .         .
                                                                                                                                                                                        k




          Editor's Notes                                    legal services between flights. Lydia had
                                                            earlier earned a B.A. degree in French and
                                                            Sp~ish from Howard University . .
           Every dollar in additional revenues              When Mariel Stroschein, then 17, earned
           brought in by contract services provides, . a private pilot's license and took her dad up
           directly or indirectly, an extra measure of      for a ride, a news item in the April?, 1975
           job security for many TWAers. One good           Sky liner noted that her ''plans for the future
           job deserves another, as the people c:tt the - include a career in medicine."
           performance end have shown by the "well             Now, eight years later, reports her proud
           done" commendations they've received.            father, Capt. Ed Stroschein, manager-
           from customers.                                  pilots, JFK, Mariel has earned her M.D.
               For instance: TWA does the ground han-       degree from Downstate Medical Center in
           dling for Alaska Airlines at Palm Springs,       Brooklyn. Dr. Stroschein is now a resident
           California. It's a seasonal job, and wh~n        in ear, nose and throat surgery at Monte-
           summer co:r:nes. to the Arctic Circle (it was    fiore Hospital. After two years there, she' ll 1
           82 at Fairbanks the other day), Alaska Air       go on to New York University Medical ·
           folds its igloo at PSP. But before sojourning   .Center for further training in her specialty. ·
           the airline's assistant vice president of sta-   Yes, she still finds time to fly light aircraft
           tion operations, Dennis Kelley, left this        once in a while.
                               '1
           note for TWA: '- would be remiss if I               Two of Mariel 's three sisters also gradu-
         · didn't thank you and your staff for provid-      ated this year. Nancy earned her degree
           ing Alaska Airlines with very good service.      from St. John's University and Barbara
           I know that an 8 a.m. duo-operation was a        finished high school and will go to St.
           tough one to handle ... On behalf of Alaska      Bonaventure College this fall. Another sis-
           Airlines I extend our appreciation."             ter, Elaine, is a student at Hofstra Univer-           Andre Marville, manager-sales, Zurich, receives his 35-year pin from Bill Slattery,
               From Continental Airlines came a note        sity.                                                  international division vice president. With them are Mrs. Marville and .Charlie
           of appreciation to Hartford's Bill Hisle,                                                               Zambello, director-offline/interline sales, international.
                                                            There are still too many airlines with too
           manager-airport services. ''Hartford leads
           all Continental eastern region cities with an
                                                            many seats chasing too few pa~sengers,
                                                            which will cause more financial hemor- .
                                                                                                                   TARPA Holds 5th Annual Convention
    I
    j
           86% overalv on-time performance. All
          TWA agents [atBDL] havehelpedcontrib- .
                                                            rhaging, "and you'll probably see a few
                                                            more airlines going the way of Braniff,"
    I
    I
           ute to our success."
               Considering TWA was being paid for its
                                                            says a Chicago investment advisor, Guy
                                                            Courtney.
I   I      services, such recognition is especially
                                                            You've probably noticed, in this and other
         ·complimentary.
             . We can always use more compliments,          issues, pictures of various .community
           and more work, so if you ' ve any contract       leaders taking part in TWA inaugurals.
           sales tips, please get in touch ~ith Rich        Recent examples: Oakland and Ontario.
           Haddock, manager-contract services. He              One might ask what is it to them? The
        · is at KCAC, Level 3. Phone (816) 464-             answer is, a great deal. Case in point: New
           6289. TelexMKCPATWA.                             Orleans. A study by the Air Transport As-
                                                            sociation shows that the airport contributes -
           Since the mid-1970s the percentage of            $1.1 billion annually to the economy of the
           business travelers who are women has risen       New Orleans area. Of this amount, the 22
           dramatically, according to the U.S. Travel       airlines and related firms serving New Or-
           DataCenter in Washington, D.C. In 1974,          leans spent some $544 million last year.
           the base-year for the survey, just one out of .     Another $575 million was contributed
           every hundred business travelers was a           indirectly by the 2. 2 million visitors-con-
           woman. Today 20 out of 100 are women.            ventioneers, business travelers and tourists
           What's more, they account for 24% of the         -who came to New Orleans by air.
           frequent fliers market.                                                                                                                    -      / A··/
                                                               Close to 4,000 people are employed at
           For the past three years, Lydia Padilla          the airport, and they are paid $86 million             How to get home? As the TARPA Convention breaks up, four retired pilots review
                                                            annually. With their families, they make up            flight loads for May 13. From left are: Ole Olson, Cliff Davis, Leo McFarland and
           has been both a TWA flight attendant and a
                                                                                                                   Howard Jlall, who, at 81, still looks young enough to be on the active pilot list:
           law student, alternating between one and        ·a population of more than 12,000 people
           the other. Frequent leaves of absence from       directly dependent on air transportation for
          TWA allowed her to concentrate on her             their livelihood.              ·                                    photo by Bill Dixon
                                                                                                                      Story and _                                meeting "our biggest and best conven-
           studies. That's over now as Lydia gradu-            Although city-owned and operated,                   TARPA (The Active/Retired Pilots Associ-      tion." The agenda included golf, tennis,
           ated from Antioch Law School in Washing-         New Orleans International Airport is self-             ation of TWA) held its fifth annual conven- · skeet, bridge, reminiscing, two afternoon
           ton, D.C. last month and is back on the line     sustaining. It doesn't cost resident taxpay-           tion in Las Vegas, May 10-12. TARPA . business sessions and a banquet for 500
           as a JFK:D flight attendant. She plans to        ers a dime.                ·                           president Lyle Spencer pronounced the         people.
                                                                                                                                                                    Retired Captain Larry DeCelles re- .
                                                                                                                                                                 ceived a TARPA "Award of Merit" for his
        ·who, What, When, Where .•• (Ciue: 50 Years Have Passed) .                                                                                               many accomplishments in the field of avia-
                                                                                                                                                                 tion safety.
                                                                                                                                                                Officers .for 1983
                                                                                                                                                                   TARPA officers for 1983, in addition to
                                                                                                                                                                Capt. Spencer, are: Russ Derickson, first
                                                                                                                                                                v. p.; A. T. Humbles, secretary; Dean Phil-
                                                                                                                                                                lips, treasurer; Sam Gracy, v.p .-Eastern;
                                                                                                                                                                William Merrigan, v.p.-Central, and
                                                                                                                                                                Louis Cook, v.p.-Western.
                                                                                                                                                                   Elected directors were: John D' Albora,
                                                                                                                                                                A. J. McCarty, Larry DeCelles, Lloyd
                                                                                                                                                                Smith, Phil Hollar and Richard Long.
                                                                                                                                                                   Site for the 1984 convention has not yet
                                                                                                                                                                been decided.
                                                                                                                                                                             "- .-- :




                                                                                                                                                                        Published for Employees by the
                                                                                                                                                                          Public Affairs Department    .
                                                                                                                                                                      605 Third Avenue, New York 10158
                                                                                                                                                                               Printed in U.S.A
                                                                                                                                                                            Dan Kemnitz, Editor
                                                                                                    e
         Here's another in our ''mystery'' series. Clues: Flight 17 (a tO-passenger Fokker·F -10); F_ bruary, 1933; Fresno, California. Now,                          Anne Saunders, Associate Editor
         name the TWA agent in the doorway and at least one prominent passenger waiting to board. If you can also name the cockpit crew
         you go to the head of the class. ~You also tell your age.)

         2                                                                                                                                                                                   June 20, 1983
                                                        Super 80 lntro Marks DC·1 's 50th Anniversa~y
      In the News
 May Traffic
  TWA flew 2.27 billion revenue passenger
  miles in May, down 0. 9% from May of last
  year.
      International traffic was up strongly,
  8.9% ahead of May, 1982, but domestic
  traffic was down 7.5%. The decline was
  partly the result of a divers~ on of some May
  traffic into earlier months to take advan-
  tage of fare reductions then in effect, along
  with the fact that 1982 traffic figures for the
  period were inflated by the availability of
  promotional fares, especially on transcon-
  tinental routes.
      A 7 .5% increase in system capacity for
  the month combined with the traffic drop to
  produce a decline in system load factor of
  5 .1 percentage points, to 59. 8%, from a
  year ago.
      For the year to date, TWA's system traf-
. fie is up 7.5% and its load factor of 61.8%
  is 2.4 points better than last year's.
                May'83             YTD'83
                vs. '82             vs. '82
 RPMs
 Domestic      - 7.5%             + 8.6%                Crew members posed with TWA, Pratt & Whitney and McDonnell Douglas officials before the recent Super 80 demonstration
 lnt'l         + 8.9%             + 5.5%                flight. From left are: Wendy Wade, F/A; President Meyer; Pete Conrad, sr..v.p.-marketing and product support, McDonnell                                   I
 System            0.9%           + 7.5%
 ASMs
                                                        Douglas; Larry Clarkson, president-commercial products division, Pratt & Whitney; Capt. Wally Moran, in command of the
 Domestic      + 5.6%             + 3.4%                flight; Sharon Kosko, F/A; J. E. Frankum, si'. v.p.-operations; Kathy Brakeville, staff analyst-inflight services; Bruce
 Int'l         + 10.5%            + 3.4%                Megenhardt, F/A, and Capt. Derwin Grimm, first officer on demonstration flight.
 System        + 7.5%             + 3.4%
 Load Factor                                                                                              Donnell Douglas. In his remarks to the ·        ' Pratt & Whitney's commerd.af products
                                                                       Story and photo                    gathering, Mr. Meyer noted that it was just    division president Larry Clarkson was all
 Domestic 55 .3% ( -7.8 pts.) 60.5% ( + 2.9 pts.)
 Int'l    66.8% ( -1 .0 pts.) 64.3% ( + 1.3 pts.)                      by Larry Hilliard                 .50 years ago that TWA and Douglas intro-      ·smiles when repeatedly told about the qui-
 System   59.8% (- 5.1 pts.) 61.8% ( + 2.4 pts.)                                                          duced the DC-1, first of what is now a long
                                                         TWA's Super 80 brought r11ve reviews from                                                       etness of the new JT8D-217 A engines.
                                                        ·television news shows and newspaper ac-          line of Douglas airliners.                        James J . Bell, regional vice president-
 Signature Loans                                         counts recently, following a two-day intro-         The next morning more than 75 mem-          sales & servi.ces, termed the festivities "the
 Effective July 1, unsecured "signature"                 ductory program for the new aircraft in St.    . bers of the press and other guests ~ were     right program in t~e right place at the right
 loans will again be offered by the Credit               Louis.                                           treated to a demonstration flight on board    time. The program not only introduced the
 Uqion. A 12% annual percentage rate                        Some 150 civic officials, business lead-      the Super 80. Captain Wally Moran was in       Super 80, which will be based in St. Louis,
 (APR) will be charged for unsecured or                  ers and representatives of key travel agen-      command of the flight; Captain Derwin         but re-enforced in the business community
 partially secured loans. A member ·may                  cies and commercial accounts' attended    a      Grimm served as first officer. The cabin      the strength of two aviation compani -
 have only one loan at a time (9% share-                 reception hosted by Ed Meyer and Sanford         team was Kathy Brakeville, Wendy Wade,        TWA and McD0011ell-Douglas;The city's
 secured, 10% collateral-secured or 12%                  McDonnell, chairman and CEO of Me-               Sharon Kosko, and Bruce Megenhardt.           largest private employer."
 unsecured).
    Any combination of these types of loans              least 5% of the amount borrowed. For fully     the·time of original purchase. This particu-~   lncreased flight scJiediiies-by several air-
 moves the interest up to the higher rate. For          un~ecured     loans, this will be considered    larly helps members buy current year rental     lines this summer have resulted in more
 example, a loan secured only by Credit                  simply a minimum deposit requirement,          cars .                                          contract work for TWA at five stations. It's
 Union shares is charged at 9% APR, while                rather than as collateral.                                                                     estimated that the expanded contracts will
 a loan secured by shares and a car is 10%                  The Credit Union now allows a loan          ·contract Services                              generate $3 million in additional revenues
 APR. After July 1, a loan secured by                    value of 80% on all new items being pur-                                                       for TWA.
 shares, car and "signature" will be                     chased with loan proceeds. This ·s an in-      TWA will book reservations and sell tickets        The airlines and locations involved are:
 charged at 12% APR.                                     crease from 75% on such security as cars t     for Western Airlfues under a new contract       • ·Republic ·at Washington, D .C., which
    Retired employees and full-time em-                  trucks, m9torcycles, 'Zans, airplanes;         services agreement. The unique arrange-            increased its daily flights to three, from
 ployees with at least three years of com-               boats, etc. It is a decrease f from 100%) on   ment involves TWA city ticket offices in           two.
 pany service will be eligible for unsecured             furniture anq home appliances.                 Kansas City, Chicago and Tulsa. Besides         • Southwest ~ which added three flights at
 loans of up to $3 ,000. Regular part-time                  With the 5% share requirement, this         returning a profit, the contract lowers            Los Angeles, for a total of 12 daily.
 employees :will be eligible for up to $1 ,500         · means a member needs a down payment or         TWA's overhead and improves manpower            • Hawaii Express, now two daily flights at
 after three years of company service credit.            trade-in for only 15% of the actual purchase   utilization. Western, in tum, saves on the         Los Angeles.
    As in the past, the Credit Union will                price. Used 1983 cars are also valued at       cost of a separate CTO lease, buying ex-        e  Eastern at Las Vegas, from five to seven
 require that share balances . be equal to at            80% of actual purchase price, but only at      pensive office ~quipment and payrolL               daily flights.
                                                                                                                                                        • Additional·services for Frontier at Indi-
                                                                                                        Passes ••• (from page one)                         anapolis.
                           Proposed New Pass Charges                                                    changes, but few could seriously dispute
                                                             Current       Effective    Cost to         the necessity of updating them, given the
      EXAMPLE: JFK/LHR ONE-WAY
        Employees with more than 15 yrs.
                                                             Charges        8/1/83      TWA             continued escalation of TWA's costs. It
                                                                                                        should be noted that the proposed new
                                                                                                        assessments are not intended to generate
                                                                                                                                                          Ill Memoriam·..
                                                FIC.            $20           $50       $52.82
                                           AMB.                 $20           $40       $38.90          additional revenue but rather to defray only    Margaret P. "Marge" Potocek, an-administrative .
                                                                              -0--      $24.97          part of TWA's highe_r costs, and that higher    secretary in public affairs at 605 Third, died May 30
                                          COACH                 -0--
                                                                                                        First Class and Ambassador Class charges        after a long illness. She was 60 years old. Marge
         Employees with less than 15 yrs.                                                               are essential to preserving a coach charge      joined TWA in November 1945 and had been on
                                                F!C             $40           $50       $52 .82                                                         medical leave since July 1982. During her TWA
                                                                                                        that is minimal or free.                        career she had been an executive secretary to Gordon
                                           AMB.                 $40           $40       $38.90                                                          Gilmore and Barry Wiksten, both vice presidents of
                                          COACH                 $20           $25       $24.97          1984••• (from page one)                         public relations, and was active in the National Secre-
                                                                                                        "Fly Free Forever" contest in the British,      taries Association. She is survived by one brother,
      EXAMPLE: JFK/LAX ONE-WAY                                                                                                                          Milan.            ·
       . Employees with more than 15 yrs.                                                               Spanish, German, French and Italian ver-
                                                                                                        sions of Reader's Digest. This innovative       Earl J. McNaughton, a retired pilot, died May 26 at
                                                F!C             $ 8           $30       $32.83                                                          age 74. Mr. McNaughton joined TWA in April1940
                                           AMB .                $ 8           $20       $26.14          USA promotional campaign provided· the          and retired August 1, 1968. He is survived by his wife,
                                          COACH ·               -0--          -0--      $19.44          contest winners with a free annual trip for     Wanda.                                  ·
                                                                                                        two to America for life. The campaign           Louis R. Schneider, a retired building maintenance
         Employees with less than ·15 yrs.                                                              reached six million readers.                    foreman, died May 9. Mr. Schneider was 79 years old.
                                             F/C                $16           $30       $32.83             "By offering attractive fares early, pro-    He joined TWA in March 1940 and retired in August
                                           AMB.                 $16           $20       $26.14          viding travel agents with useful informa-
                                                                                                                                                        1969. His wife, May, survives.
                                          COACH                 $ 8           $10       $19.44          tion and sales support and maintaining high      Retired lead mechanic Clarence E. Sterling died
                                                                                                                                                                           Mr.
                                                                                                                                                         May 28 at age 68._ Sterling joined TWA in Novem-
      Rates do not include $3 U.S. departure tax                                                        customer service standards, we expect to        .ber 1944, retiring in October 1975. He is survived by
                                                                                                        be # 1 fori long time," ST  attery said:         his wife, Frances.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      !
                                                                                                                                                                                                            3         I
 June 20, 1983                                                                                                                                                                                                        I


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                                                                                                                                                                                                                  _
 I
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         The One and On y DC·
 j-
 \.




'
·j
                      by Capt. Ed Betts
          Fifty years ago, on July 1, 1933, the DC-1
                                                            em Air) was formed in October 1930, by
                                                            merging several smaller airlines, it inher-
                                                                                                            operate profitably. The wooden-winged
                                                                                                            tri-motor F-1Os were on their way out too,
                                                                                                                                                               three-engine all-metal mono or biplane ca-:
                                                                                                                                                               pable of carrying 12 passengers at a cruis-
          made its first flight and ushered in the era of   ited a fleet of multi-engine Fords and          following a fatal accident. Even the vener-      . ing speed of 150 mph or better, a maximum
          the modem airliner. In the years immedi-          Fokkers and immediately became a                able Ford Tri-motor, the "Tin Goose",              landing speed of 65 mph and a range of
          ately preceding the DC-1 debut, 1928              money-losing venture for stockholders. By       wasn't paying its way as passenger loads           1,060 miles. The aircraft should have a
          through 1932, the nation's airlines, as an        the end of 1931 , its first full year of opera- dropped below the 50% mark. TWA em-                minimum payload of 2,300 pounds capac
          industry, experienced phenomenal                  tion, TWA's management had made many            ployees had taken two large pay cuts during        ity with full radio and other equipment, an
          growth. During the five-year span the total       changes in an effort to improve the effi- · - the year in an effort to cut operational             a gross weight of 14,200 pounds. There
          number of passengers carried annually             ciency of its fleet.                            costs.                                             were a number of other stipulations, in-
          grew from a mere 52,934 to 504,575.                  TWA bought many single-engine mail              Carrying the mail still brought in much        cluding· an important proviso- added by
             The aircraft used by the airlines in 1928      planes, including .the Northrop Alpha,          more income than passengers. By the end            Lindbergh .that the plane, when fully
          were, typically, multi-engine (without            which could carry the mail across the           of 1932, the revenue from mail equalled           loaded, must make satisfaGtory takeoffs
          cowlings), with fixed landing gear, fixed         United States in' less than 24 hours. (For      77 .8% of TWA's total annual income of            under good control at any TWA airport on
       · pitch propellers, and thick wings. The en-         passe~gers it was still a 36-hour trip,         about $4 million. Even with a full load of         any combination of an engine-out situa-
        . gines, gear and thick wings all presented a       weather cooperating, with an overnight          passengers, which was seldom, there was           tion, and b~ able to maintain level flight on
          lot of drag, which spells inefficiency. ·         stop .) TWA grounded its four-engine            no margin for: profit on the inefficient pas-     one engine over the highest mountains on
             When TWA (Transcontinental & West-             Fokker F-32s, which were too·. costly to        senger aircraft of the day. TWA, and all of       TWA's routes:
                                                                                                            the other airlines, needed a more efficient           Letters with these specifications were
                                                                                                            fleet.                                            sent confidentially to aircraft manufactur-
                                                                                                               When Richard Robbins took over as              ers, including Martin, Curtiss-Wright,
                                                                                                            company president in September 1931 he            Ford, Consolidated, General Aviation, and
                                                                                                            formed an advisory· committee for the se-         Douglas. Only Douglas would meet the
                                                                                                            lection of new passenger aircraft. Among          challenge. Jack- Frye's letter to Douglas,
                                                                                                            the members were Charles A. Lindbergh             dated August 2, 1932, is still considered
                                                                                                            (technical advisor), Jack Frye (then vice         the birth certificate for Douglas's entry into
                                                                                                            president of operations), and Captain D.          the transport field.
                                                                                                            W. " Tommy" Tomlinson.                                Within- -a few weeks a small team of
                                                                                                                                                              engineers at Douglas had made a rough
                                                                                                            On the Drawing Board                              outline of a revolutionary plane which they
                                                                                                                A number of new aircraft were then on         submitted to TWA. By combining all of the
                                                                                                             the. drawing board at various manufactur-        latest techniques and refinements in the
                                                                                                             ers . Boeing was designing an advanced           industry they came up with an aircraft that
                                                                                                             aircraft; the model 247, that was .a two-        would meet TWA's specifications, and was
                                                                                                             engrne monoplane capable of carrying 10          actually an improvement on the Boeing
                                                                                                             passengers at speeds of 150 mph or greater.      247.
                                                                                                             The 247 featured a retractable landing gear,
                                                                                                                                                              An All-Metal Monoplane
                                                                                                            ·an improved cowling and nacelle, sound-
                                                                                                             proof cabin material, other refinements              The Douglas plane would be a two-
                                                                                                             that would classify it as a modem airliner,       engine an-metal monoplane with retract-
                                                                                                             and a_ $50,000 price tag .                        able landing gear. The latest in cowlings,
                                                                                                                Unfortunately, airlines in the par~nt cor-     plus the Northrop designed wing would be ·
        .The one and only DC-1, parked on the ramp at Grand Central Air Terminal,                            poration (such as United) had first delivery      included and, for slow approach speeds,
         Glendale, California. The airport is long gone but terminal building still stands.
                                                                                                             priorities on the new Boeing aircraft: Other      there would be some sort of a wing flap
                                                                                                             airlines would have to wait up to two year~.      arrang~ment . There were numerous other
                                                                                                             TWA couldn't wait that long .                   - engineering featUres including a deluxe
                                                                                                                Among the other choices available were         cabin and auto pilot, and the new Hamilton
 i •                                                                                                         a new tri-motor from General Aviation             variable pitch propeller, which gave a more
                                                                                                             (Lindbergh ruled that one out); a 12-             advantageous pitch setting for takeoff and
                                                                                                             passenger Ford (not much of an improve-           an efficient pitch for cruise. TWA was
                                                                                                             ment over the Tri-motor and finally             · more than interested.
                                                                                                             scrapped by Ford for lack of orders), and a         TWA and Douglas signed an agreement
                                                                                                             new version of the Curtiss-Wright Condor          on September 20, 1932 that called for one
                                                                                                             (a 15 to 17-passenger biplane with retract-       prototype (dubbed the DC-1) to be built.. If
                                                                                                             able landing gear). American Airways and          acceptable to TWA, the airline would pay
                                                                                                             Eastern Air Transport ordered those at            $125,000 and have first option on the next
                                                                                                             $60,000 each.                                     60 airframes at $58,000 each (excluding
                                                                                                                TWA's advisory committee drew up               engines) . The Douglas stock jumped from
        DC-1 suffered only minor damage to props and flaps in this belly landing at Mines                    their own specifications for a modem air-         $7 .12 to $16.00 a share soon after the ·
        Field, Los Angeles. Thanks to the aircraft's design, nearly half of the wheels were still            liner. In many respects they were those of        contract was announced.
        exposed when in the retracted position.                                                              the Boeing 247. TWA wanted a two or                 The DC-1 program was given super top




        Modem airliners in their day. United's Boeing 247 (left) and American's Curtiss Condor made theii debuts in the early l930s.

       4
1
 priority. Tomlinson was assigned to work
 full time with Douglas at its Santa Monica
 plant and there was fierce competition for
 TWA's choice of an engine between Pratt &
 Whitney and Wright. Wright's nine-
 cylinder, 710 hp 1820-F Cyclone was the
 winner.
    TWA and Douglas were trying to catch
 up with the field in the modem airliner
 race. The new Curtiss O;mdor maoe its first
 flight in January 1933 and was delivered to
 American and Eastern in April. The Boe-
 ing 247 made its m~den flight in February. --    The DC-1 taxis out for her initial flight on july 1, 1933. Rare photo is from the collection of Joe Bartles.
 By September United had over 30 in sched-
                                                  coast in 11 hours 5 minutes, another re-          fuel tallks, presumably for an attempt at a     nental DC-2 service in August, an 18-hour
 uled servic~, including 11 daily round trips
                                                  cord. They were going so fast when they           record around-the-world flight. Then it just    trip~ and retired the Fords from passenger
 on the Chicago-New York ~n .
                                                  approached the New York area that they            sat. Hughes sold it in 1938 and, after sev-     service in September.
  An Inauspicious Debut                           had to fly an additional 10 miles out over        eral intermediate owners, it ended up in           Most of the other domestic airlines (ex-
                                                  the Atlantic Ocean while slowing down for         passenger service in Spain for a predeces-      cept United) put DC-2s into service as
     The DC-I made its first flight on July 1,    the landing . In May 1935, with Tommy             sor of Iberia. The DC-1 lost an engine          quickly as possible. Many European and
  1933. It was not an auspicious debut. There     Tomlinson and Joe Bartles in the cockpit,         taking off from Malaga in December 1940,        Australian airlines also ordered the
  was a huge crowd on hand, including all         the DC-1 set two new world records and            made a crash landing, and was scrapped          Douglas plane. The DC-2led to the DC-3
  900 Douglas employees, as vice president        eight American records for transport              and left to rust near the airport. Thus ended   and a long line of other pouglas transports.
  and chief test pilot Carl Cover started the     planes in the speed and payload categories.       the one and only DC-1. ·                        Douglas maintained its supremacy in the
  take-off run. With enough speed he raised          TWA primarily used the DC-1 as a flying                                                        passenger aircraft field until the jet age.
  the nose to climb. Almost immediately           laboratory, with many flights at high alti-       Postscript                                         In 1935, its first full year of operation
  there was a sudden lurch to the side as one     tudes that paved the way fot further re-             TWA introduced the 14-passenger DC-2         with the DC-2, TWA showed a modest
  engine cut out. With the nose lowered arid      search and the development of pressurized         on May 18, 1934 on its Columbus-                $19,404.40 profit - the first in its history
  in level flight just above the treetops, the    aircraft . It was also .used to test new radio    Pittsburgh-Newark route, and a week later       - on revenues of $5,406,098.10. Mail
  engine again functioned . Another attempt       equipment.                                    _   on its Chicago-Newark run, where it cut         represented only 27.7% of that total (ver-
  to climb. This time both engines began to          In 1936, the ,DC-1 was sold to Howard          half an hour off United's five-and-a-half       sus 77.8% in 1932). Passengers were be-
  sputter as the plane disappeared from sight.    Hughes, who had it modified with extra            hour flight time. TWA began transcoriti-        ginning to pay their way.
  Skillfully, Cover managed to get. enough
  altitude to come around for a hard, but safe,
  landing . Later investigation found a faulty
  design in the carburetor .floats - they were
  hinged in such a way that engines were
  starved for fuel when the aircraft was in a
  nose-high attitude.
     The carburetor problem was quickly rec-
  tified and the DC-1 did finally take to the
  air and was put through a series of rigorous
  tests. During one test flight, the crew for-
  got to pump the gear down, resulting in a
  belly landing.                     ·

  The Final Test
      The final test was the engine-out climb
   and cruise. Test pilot Eddie Allen - and
   Tommy Tomlinson had agreed that a take-
   off from Win~low, Arizona and flight to
   Albuquerque would be ample proof of the
   plane's ability. They also agreed that once
   the gear had been pumped up (a hand pump       Jack Frye, then v .p. of operations and later president of TWA,           Pilots Joe Bartles (left) and Tommy Tomlinson weigh sandbags'
   operation) after takeoff, one engine would     wrote letter that brought Douglas into the transport field.               carried aboard record-breaking 1935 flight.
   be throttled back to. idle to simulate an
   engine failur~ . .
      On the actual takeoff, and much to
   Tomlinson's surprise, Allen reached up
   and cut one ignition switch. The plane had
   to perform! They made it to Albuquerque,
   TWA accepted the plane, and Tomlinson
   had the honor of handing Douglas a check
   for $125,000.
      For the DC-2 production model TWA
   requested a two-foot stretch in the fuselage
   in order to accommodate 14 passengers.
   This upped the gross weight to 18,200
   pounds and the price tag to .$65,000 per
   airframe, with delivery of 20 aircraft
·- scheduled for early 1934.
      The DC-1, christened "City of Los
   Angeles" but known to TWAers as "Old
   300", set numerous transport records dur-
   ingits short tenure with TWA. On_  February
   18, 1934, with Jack Frye and Eddie Rick-
   enbacker on board, the DC-1 flew from
   Burbank to Newark, with two stops, in 13
   hours 4 minutes, new transcontinental re-
   cord time.
      The plane later flew nonstop coast-to-      Mail is loaded after DC-1 's record-breaking transcon flight February 18, 19J4. That's.Eddie Rickenbacker at left of cargo door. !

                                                                                                                                                                                             5
                                                             Far East. A 15-day tour which includes
                                                             Hong Kong, southern China and Korea is
                                                                                                                                   A
                                                                                                                 Oakland's On Line · gain
                     Tips
               Travel-                                       offered by Inflight Tours. Price of $1,350
                                                             per person includes air transportation, ac-
                                                             commodations, sightseeing, three meals
                                                             daily in China, MAP in Korea and break-
                      by Harry Mickie
                                                             fast in Hong Kong. Departure dates: Oct.
           Gatlinburg, Tennessee: Former TWAer               28; Nov. 4·, 1983; Jan. 27, Feb. 24, Mar. 9 -
           Jean McKay · (whose company a~tivities            and Mar. 23, 1984. 1984 price subject to
           included running the pass bureau and being        change. Contact Inflight Tours, Inc., 501
           a "Mary Gordon") now lives in Gatlin-             Fifth Ave., New York 10017. Phone (212)
           burg, a resort town on the edge ofthe Great       695-6650.
           Smoky Mountains National Park. Jean has           Ecuador. Seven and eight-day tours to
           a modem condo there which TWAers can              Ecuador's Amazon basin are being offered
           rent. It has two bedrooms, two baths, addi-     · through Interline Representatives, Ltd.
           tional sleeping accommodations in the liv-        The tours (positive space on Ecuatorian
           ing room, fully equipped kitchen, cable TV
           and a wood burning fireplace. Off season
                                                             Airlines) originate in New York, Miami or
                                                             Los Angeles. Employees, spouses, parents                                                     r"·-··
           rates are $60 daily for up to six people, or      and retirees are eligible. The 7-day tours
           $360 per week. High season rates are $70          feature 3 nights in Quito, 2 nights on a                                                     i
                                                                                                                                                          '
           per 1 day for up to four people, $5 each
           additional person, or $425 per week, $25
                                                             ''floatel'' and one night in a jungle camp.
                                                             Cost is $559 per person double. The 8-day
                                                                                                                                                         If
         . each additional person. For information                                                                                                                   _
                                                                                                                                                         L_W"'" _____.
                                                             tours add a night in the Amazon basin, and
           and.reservations write to Jean McKay, P. 0.       cost $599. There's also· a 10-day tour at
           Box 730, Gatlinburg, TN 3773.8. Call              $649. Contact IRL ~t 25 W. 39th St., New
           (615)436-7705 and leave a message. Your           York, 10018. Phone (212) 840-6727.
           call will be retQilled.                           Korea: Airline employees and imm{idiate
         - B & B. Fred-Hughes of New York res and            family members are eligible for an eight-
           his wife offer bread & breakfast accommo-         day tour to Korea. Departure dates: Oct.
           dations on their farm in Campbell Hall,           11, 25; Nov. 8, 1983; Feb. 14, Mar. 6, 20,
           New York, about 75 miles north of New             Apr. 3, 1984.
           York City. The rate is $18 single, $25               Rate for 1983 is $750 per person double
           double. "Readers of the Sky liner and their       and includes roundtrip transportation from
           families and friends will receive a warm          either east or west coast to Seoul, accom-
           welcome,'' says Fred. For information and         modation at superior hotels, continental
           directions write to Fred at Tara Farm, Box        breakfast and dinner daily, all transfers,
           290, Kiernan Road, ·Campbell Hall, NY             local guides artd entrance fees to all places
           10916.Phone(914)294-6482.                         visited. Tour visits· Pusan-, Kyongju and
                                                             Mount Toham. Rates for 1984 have not yet
          California: Marshall Pumphrey, A-1-C at
                                                             been set. For information please call or
          Newport Beach, has a vacation home in
                                                             write Inflight Tours, Inc., 501 Fifth Ave.,
          Big Bear available for rent to TWAers. The
                                                             New York, NY 10017 (212) 695-6650.
          house has three bedrooms, two baths, two
          fireplaces, fully equipped kitchen, cable        Palm Springs: Marriott's Rancho Las
          TV, and a balcony overlooking Boulder            Palmas Resort offers a "summer super
          Bay. Accommodations for 10. Near fish-           saver" to airline employees and their fami-           TWA inaugurated OAK-STL service May 23. Dorothy Wilson, ·wife of Oakland
          ing, hiking, horseback riding and boating.       lies through September 17. Summer rates               mayor Lionel Wilson and president herself of Pacific Air Cal, OAK-based commuter
          Rates: $50 weeknights,- $65 weekend              are $18 per person, double, plus tax. Dur-            airline, was on hand for both inaugural flights. Top photo, before departure for STL,
          nights. For information and a brochure           ing prime season, rates are as high as $165           shows. (from left): Corky Williams, manager-airport services; Mrs. Wilson; Mayor
          contact Marshall at 210 LaVerne Ave.,            per night. Advance reservations are re-               Wilson, and Don Schields, manager-passenger sales. They're holding a plaque which
          Long Beach; CA 90803 (213) 438-1221.             quired and TWA ID must be presented                   Mrs. Wilson carried to St. Louis and present~d (lower photo) to Jack Keane (at her
                                                           upon ch~ck-in. Las Palmas-offers compl~­              left), deputy mayor, and Col. Leonard Griggs, director of the St. Louis Airport
           Florida. Tampa field manager Bob Ders           mentary airport transfers, three swimming             Authority. They in turn presented OAK with a proclamation. Jim Bell, Central region
           advises that the famed Innis brook Resort &     pools, 27-hole golf course and 25 tennis              v.p. was also present at the ceremonies.
          Golf Club offers TWAers a speCial rate of        courts. For reservations call (800) · 228-
           $30 per bedroom, based on a Club Suite,         9290.                                                Las Vegas: Ready-Car Rental & Leasing                    and golf programs. All include pickup an<i
          now through September 6. Children under          Algarve, Portugal: TWAers receive up to              Corporation offers new GM cars at rates                  return from Stapleton Airport, Denver;
           13 free in suite with parent. Innisbrook        25% discount on accommodations in pri-               which it says are below those of its compet-             four-star accommodations; meals . (except
          features championship golf courses, tennis       vate villas, self-catering apartments, and           itors. For example compacts are $17.95 per               lunch on some tours); transportation in the
          courts, children's recreation program, five      hotels through John Hill Holidays Ltd. a             day with unlimited mileage; full size cars                                        c
                                                                                                                                                                         mountains; a welcome _ocktail party; all
           swimming pools. Short drive to Busch            U.K. tour operator. For information on               are $25 per day. Call (800) 722-7368. Res-               activities, and applicable taxes. For more'
          Gardens, Circus World, Cypress Gardens,          Portuguese holidays write to John Hill,              ervations advised.                                       detailed inforrilation contact Club Aero-
          Sea W<;>rld, etc.; 1112 hours to Epcot Center.   Limitada, Av. Inf~te Sagres, Centro                  Rocky Mountains: Aero-Marine Interline                   Marine, 412 East Shore Trail, Sparta, NJ
           Not as convenient as staying at Disney          Comercial Avenida Mar, 8100 Quarteira,               Tours Inc. offers three, four and five-day               07871 (201) 729-5004.
          World or Orlando, but this resort is some        Portugal. Telephone: 089-34424.                      tours, as well as four- and five-day tennis
          experience . .! live 10 minutes away and am                                                                                                                     Lake Tahoe Interline Tours offers three,
          thinking of spending a week there myself!                                                                                                                       five and seven-day packages). starting at
          For information and reservations phone           BritRail Pass Offers Value, Flexibility
I   ;-
                                                                                                                                                                          $89 per person. For a brochure -write to
          800-237-0157; in Florida,. 800-282-9813.         TWAers who are planning to travel around                              TWAers who wish to order a BritRail     .L.T.I.T. at P.O. Box 6257, South Lake
           Mexicana· FiestaFare: $60 roundtrip             the U.K. should think about buying a Brit-                         pass at the discount. rate should specify   Tahoe, CA 95729 or call (916) 54-\-4099.
           space available transportation from any         Rail pass, good for unlimited travel on                            exactly what type of pass they wish, deduct              PDT, call (916) 541-0353.
                                                                                                                                                                          After 5 p.m. _
           Mexicana U.S. gateway to any Mexicana           British Rail in England, Wales and -Scot-                          10% from the total (see chart) and send a
          .destination in Mexico. Eligible: Full-time      land. TWAers and family members get a                              check for that amount, payable to BritRail, ~ Honolulu: Princess Kaiulani Hotel offrrs
           employee, spouse and unmarried depen-           10% discount on the passes, which already                          to: TWA Skyliner, 605 Third Avenue, New         special 50% discount rates to TWA em-
           dent children -under 21. Children age · 2       offer substantial savings, but they must be                        York, NY 10158. Be sure to include your . ployees, beginning at $25 per room\ ·-
           through 11 pay 50% ofFiestaF,are. Parents       purchased before departure from North                              mailing address and allow at least 21 days      through December 20. The hotel is at 120
           are not eligible. Dependents may travel         America.                                                           for processing of your order.                   Kaiulani Avenue, across from Waikiki
           without employee. Unlimited stopovers ·            BritRail passes are valid for periods of7,                         For more information contact BritRail        Beach. Reservations are required and em-
           within Mexico at $15 per stopover. Ticket-      14 or 21 days, or one month (from date of                          Travel International in New York (212)          ployees must present TWA ID. Call (800)
           ing must be by Mexicana. Apply to nearest       first use) in first or economy class, includ-                      599-5400, Los Angeles (213) 626-0088, or        325-3535.
           Mexicana sales office for a FiestaFare          ing the high-speed intercity trains.                               Chicago (312) 263-1910.
                                                                                                                                                                              New England. 8-day fall foliage ·tour be-
           ticket request.                                                                                                                                                 (-'gins and· ends in Boston, September 29-
          Aru~a, --Bonaire, Curacao: ALM, the                   BritRail Pass Charges- Valid Through March 31, 1984                                                        i October 6. Escorted motorcoach tour
          Caribbean airline, offers four-day, three-                                          First Class                                      Economy                      ' ranges from Cape Cod to Maine, westward
          night packages, land and air, to each of                                      Adult                 Child                 Adult         Youth         Child ·       to New Hampshire's White Mountains and
          these Caribbean locations. Departures .                                                            (5-15)                              (16-25)       (5-15)         Vermont's Green Mountains. Visit old
          from Miami . .Program runs until December             ?Days                   $147                  $ 74                  $107          $ 93          $54           Sturbridge Village, 'enjoy a New England
           15 but there are several embargo periods so          14 Days                 $219                  $110                  $162          $144          $ 81
                                                                21 Days                 $272                  $136                  $205          $183          $103          clambake. Cost of $787 pp/dbl, $1007 sin-
          check dates carefully. For more informa-              One Month               $317                  $159                  $243          $215          $122          gle, includes 7 nights in first class hotels
          tion contact Trailblazer Safaris, P.O. Box            TWA employees and_    family members receive a 10% discount on the above rates.                               and inns, all meals and admission fees. For
          660066, Miami Springs, FL 33166 (305)                .Senior Citizens (65 or o_yer) can travel in first class at the economy rate.                                  information call Hallmark Travel at (404)
           594-0810.                                                                                                                                                          231-0265. Reservation deadline is July 28.

          6                                                                                                                                                                                          June 20, 1983
                                                                                                     TWA Mechanic In the News

  Anniversaries
                                   Gerald T. Kucek, ORO              Jack C. Frazier, MCI
      July                         Joan R. Masterson, NYC
                                   JamesJ. McGuirk, Jr., MIA
                                                                     Neville Friedland, TLV
                                                                     Joe Giangreco, Jr., MCI
                                   Thomas P. McTernan, LGA           Normand R. Giguere, BOS
      40Years                      Maria Assun~ao Nascimento, LIS
                                   Fred B. Novinger, LGA
                                                                     William J. Glynn, JFK
                                                                     Richard M. Goddard, MCI
      Emily A. Alldredge, MKC      Thomas M. Spellissy, TPA          Robert L. Hammond, IND
      George F. Kueristle, MCI     Lawrence M. Spitcaufsky, MCI      Glenn J. Harden, STL
                                   Samuel Stock, JFK                 Francis M. Henehan, ORO
                                   Ferman F. Stump, MCI              David L. Hochmuth, TUS
      35Years                      Susan M. Warner, BEY              Edna S. Hollingsworth, LAX
                                   Frederick L. Werner, JFK
      Charles P. Abele, PHX                                           Margaret L. Houlihan, MKC
                                   Thomas J. Wickham, JFK             Virginia J akstas, JFK
      Frank J. Anderson, PHL
                                   Lloyd C. Wood, MCI
      Allan V. Bast, LAX                                              Patrick Kessack, LON
      Robert G. Cathcart, JFK                                         Harry A. Komer, MKC

  1
      Richard E. Conway, LAX
      Ralph B. Maddox, MCI
                                   25Years                            Jerry G. Lawhon, JED
                                                                      Ralph R. Leach, DAY
      James F. Meagher, LAX        Emil L. Auxier, MCI                Ronald D. Lusby, MCI
      Felix T. O'Hagan, JFK        Joan T. Gardener, JFK              Kathleen A. Malone, SFO
      Doris J. Owen, LAX           Mohammed Habib, DHA                Sandra K. Marshall, MCI
      Memory S. Reeser, MKC        Karen R. Kelly, JFK              · Audrey A. Merchant, JFK
      Aniello V. Rinardis, NYC     Charlie McKenzie, ORO             Gerald E. Nelson, ORO
                                                                                                     JFK mechanic Burton Holzer, a 26-year TWA veteran, was profiled in a recent Wall
                                   Arvid E. Olson, ORO               Evelyno:   Nieves, LAX
                                                                                                     Street Journal article concernirig airline maintenance. The article, prompted by' an
                                   Donald L. Osborn, MKC             John J. Nolte, MCI
      30Years                      Sofia E. Peterson, NYC            Nancy H. Oldham, LGA            incide~t in which an Eastern plane lost power in all three engines du,e to maintenance
                                                                     Thomas W. Owen, BNA             error, underscored the $3.5 billion the u.s. airlines spend on maiiltemince annuany
      Donald E. Altenhofen, MCI
                                                                     Edward C. Poston, MCI           and on the ''men and women [like TWA's Burton Holzer] who have helped keep the
      Mary J. Casey, STL
      Kenneth D. Cates, MKC
                                   20Years                           Laurie J. Power, LAX            U.S. industry's safety record among the best in the world.'' As the Wall Street Journal
      Thomas J. Davis, PHX        Vivian L. Admires, MKC
                                                                     Robert L. Schehr, JFK           noted, the·u .S. commercial fleet spends more time on the ground being serviced than
                                                                     Sylvester L. Simpson, MCI       in the air.                                                        Photo- John Budek
      Janie L. Dockery, LAX       Francis W. Allen, MCI
                                                                     Gary M. Slattery,.PHX
      Robert L. Fay, SFO          Jean Arnold, JFK
                                                                     Kenneth L. Smith, MCI
      Howard N. Felker, JFK       Sherrill A. Beaman, MKC
                                                                     M~sha E. Smith, SFO
      Bette J. Foley, CHI
      Donald E. Frazier, LGA
                                  Roy A. Brown, MCI
                                  Joseph R. Carricato, Jr, LAX      William A. Southerland, LAS      Fit Ops Plans                                   The '30s •••
                                  William H:. Chenault, MCI
      Ernest R: Freitas, TUS
      Marshall Higgins, LGA       Dale J. Clark, DEN
                                                                    Wayne E. Soverns, MCI
                                                                    Brenda K. Sweetland, LAX         'One-for-All'                                   (from page 8)
      Louis T. Jackson, LAX       Derek Coleman, LON                Ronald J. Tyson, MCI             This year's flight operations "one-for-all''
      Albert K. Jakobsen, LAX     George B. Cook, MKC               Rosemarie G. Wahaus, SFO                                                          it came to real entertainment there was for
                                                                                                     retirement dinner will be held at the Camel-
      Walter C. Jeske, MCl        Joan P. Cullen, STL               Myron B. We!!ks, LAX                                                              most no substitute for the -movies. Every
                                                                                                     back Inn in Scottsdale, Arizona on Satur-
      Chester Kalota, LAX         Clarence 0 . Deckman, MCI         Gary L. Whaley, MKC                                                               kid old enough to be out on Friday night
                                                                                                     day, September 17, J. E. Frankum, senior
      Arthur E. Kelly, LGA        Juanito D. Estrada, SFO           John H. Works, MCI                                                                headed for the local Rialto Theater -
      Arthur N. Knudsen, NYC      Charles A. Finkenstadt, LAX       Berta A. Yates, MKC              vice president-operations, announced.
                                                                                                                                                      sometimes with a date, but usually the
                                                                                                        There will be a reception at 6 p.m. fol-
                                                                                                                                                      meeting took place inside so the boy didn't
                                                                                                     lowed by dinner and a recognition cere-
                                                                                                                                                      go too deep into his weekly allowance. On
Agents Receive                                      PARS Sells Train Travel                          mony honoring those in flight operations
                                                                                                                                                      the silver screen, _gangster films with
                                                                                                     who have retired or will retire in 1983.
                                                    By month's end, PARS-equipped travel                                                              "tough guys" like Edward G. Robinson,
Travel·Planner                                      agents can issue BritRail passes for train
                                                                                                        Friends and associates throughout TWA
                                                                                                     are invited to attend.
                                                                                                                                                     ·James Cagney and George Raft were
                                                    travel in the U.K. as easily as they cari sell                                                    among the most popular. There were cow-
 A new, 336-page USA Travel Planner is              an airline ticket, thus saving time for pur-     Special Rate                                     boy pictures, horror fims and real dare-
 being distributed by TWA to travel agents          chasers of the rail pass. PARS issues an            The Camelback is offering_a special rate    . devil pictures like Howard Hughes'
 across Europe and the Middle East as a             airlip.e coupon on a British Airways plated      of $29 per night, single or double. _          · ".Hell's Angels," starring Jean Harlow
 quick reference for group or individual            ticket that is ·exchanged in Britain for a          For further information and reservations      who set a new fashion with her platinum
 travel across America.                             BritRail pass. Information on all BritRail       contact George Plager, director-admin-           blonde hair. The National Legion of De-
     Produced in cooperation with-the U.S.          products is in the PARS DRS pages (access        istration, flying, at 605 Third Aye., New        cency came along about this time ,.Fith a
 Travel _  and Tourism Administration, the          code G/NAC/BTI)~                                 York, NY 10158. Phone-(212) 557-3860.            film rating code that banned such wortls as
 new USA Travel Planner is the first annual                                                                                                           "hell and damn," long kisses, and double
 edition of the guide. "An updated 1984
 edition will be reaching travel agents in
                                                    Home-built Biplane Makes Film Debut                                                               beds with occupants, among others. You
                                                                                                                                                      can be sure the Legion didn't give its high-
 January," Van Fleisher, TWA's director for                                                                                                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                      est rating to Mae West _or her film rendition
 international marketing, said.                                                                                                                       of "I Like A Man Who Takes His Time."
     Each of the 50 states is listed with a map
 and a brief description of its geography and                                                                                                        For Just a Dime
 attractions. Air service and lodging infor-
 mation, including prices, is included -for                                                                                                             For the kids: there were the Saturday
 many cities and towns in each state.                                                                                                                morning shows much like those they enjoy
     The book features special sections on                                                                                                          ·today on television. Critical to the Saturday
 air, rail and bus transportation and car hire ·                                                                                                     morning movies was where you sat. The.
 within the U.S.                                                                                                                                     idea was to run like the devil when the
    'In addition to listing general tour opera-                                                                                                      theater doors were opened to get a seat as
 tors, the USA Travel Planner provides in-                                                                                                           close to the screen as possible, thereby
.formation on such special organizations as                                                                                                          assuring your complete involvement in
 white-water raft operators and specialists                                                                                                          cartoons . and in the edge-of-sc;!at serial
 in such interests as agriculture, geneaology                                                                                                        thrillers which always ended as the hero
 and cultural tours.                                                                                                                                 was about to be killed. Next Saturday,
                                                                                                                                                     another chapter in which the hero cheats
Practical Advice                                                                                                                                    _death once again. And all this action for
             u                                                                                                                                       just a dime.                             ·
   The travel planner contains information
on the U.S. National Parks and special                                                                                                                  '.:Oone With The Wind" was the 1939 .
attractions in individuai states. It also lists                                                                                                      Oscar winner, "Mutiny On The Bounty"
addresses and telephone numbers for Bed-                                                                                                             won it a few years earlier. This was the era
an~-Breakfast organizations across the                                                                                                               of the musical extravaganzas with casts of
U.S.                                                                                                                                                 thousands, hundreds anyway, in films like
   Information on governmental requll:e-            Norm Schippers, Las Vegas aircraft mechanic, recently flew his home-built "Sky-                  "Flirtation Walk" with Dick Powell and
ments for travel to America, in addition to         bolt" biplane to Marble Canyon in northern Arizona where it was used in the making               Ruby Keeler and the "Gold Diggers Of
much practical advice on clothing, gam-             of an advertisement for "West", a new German cigarette. The f'llm crew had to search             1933" and '3~ and '35 etc.
bling and drinking laws, medical care, cur-         for two days to find a suitable location for filming. They needed a safe landing strip              Early in 1939, Howard Hughes made his
rency, post offices, U.S. holidays,                -with a background of red rock formations. Norm flew his Skybolt for the first time in            first ptirchase of TWA stock.
telephone service, tipping and \}'eather.is         October 1982. It took him eight years to build the aircraft, which was trucked to Las
included.                                           Vegas when he transferred from Albuquerque three years ago.                                                                ·(to_ be continued)

June 20, 1983                                                                                                                                                                                    7
                                                      worlq's largest airship, the German Hin- .
 The '30s: FDR,                                       denburg, at Lakehurst, N.J. after a trans at-
                                                      lantic flight. In 1937, Amelia Earhart, who
 War Clouds,                                          was associated with TAT in the inaugura-
                                                      tion of air-rail service eight years earlier,
 Hughes •••                                           disappeared over the Pacific on an at-
                                                      tempted round-the-world flight with Fred
  (Fifth in a series which sets the history of        Noonan. Jacqueline Cochran, Maj. Alex-
  TWA in the perspective of world events.             ander de Seversky and Howard Hughes ·
  The TWA story by Robert J. Ser:ling will be         were setting various aviation records in the
  published this fall. 2
                  by John Corris
                                                      latter years of the decade.
                                                          Not the least of the Roosevelt adminis-
                                                      tration's "New Deal" was the repeal of
                                                                                                    ·
                                                                                                                                                                                                           ..
   Despite record unemployment, hunger and            Prohibition after the nation liad been le-
   the collapse of the banking system, Ameri-         gally dry for almost 15 years. Billy Sun- .
   cans awakened on the morning of March 4,           day, the ex-baseball player turned
   1933 with a new spirit of determination to         preacher, was the most vocal individual
  bring their country out of the depths of the        opponent of the 21st Amendment to the
   worst economic depression ever. The re-            Constitution which repealed the 18th
   turn to the happier, prosperous days before        Amendment, thus making hard liquor legal
   the stock market cr~~h would begin, most           on December 5, _1933. Canned beer was
   people felt, under the leadership of Frank-        introduced that ye~ in New Jersey and, as
   lin Delano -Roosevelt who, on that day,            if in anticipatfun, .of repeal, Alka Seltzer
   took the oath of office as the 32nd President      appeared on the market for the first time.
   of the United States.                                  With the return of legal drillking the
      President Roosevelt lost no time in             speak-easies which flourished during the
   molding his s'lirewd political sense and ~         bootleg days enriching the mobs became
   instirict for the common touch into his own        posh supper clubs like New York's ElMo-
                                                      rocco and Stork Club. These were the "in"                                                                                                       '
   dynamic personality to provide the leader-                                                         Otis Bryan was President R9osevelt's personal pilot during 1942-1943. From 1943-45
   ship the nation so desperately needed after        places for Manhattan's Cafe Society led by      he was in charge of TWA's wartime Intercontinental Division {lCD).                    · .
  Herbert Hoove~, who left office " ... at the        Brenda Frazier, the deb of debutantes, and
  end of our string. There is nothing more we         millionaire Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt,           was one group that tried to keep jazz alive.       as 1935 that America must keep an eye ·on
  can do."                                            along with Elsa Maxwell, the renowned - The manager of the Bellerive Hotel in Kan-
                                                                                                                                                         Japan.
      In the first 100 days of FDR's "New             hostess of high society. In the Rainbow                                                              Radio was not all news of war -as the
                                                                                                      sas City wanted the band to play his hotel
  Deal'' administration, Congress passed              Room atop New York'sRCA Building, the           but he was concerned about "all that jazz",       electronic marvel took its increasing num-
  more than a dozen new laws aimed at put- . Conga line was a familiar sight, as was the              even though Kansas City in 1930 was con-          ber of listeners in the late 1930s to ringside ·
  ting the jobless .back to work, supporting          Lambeth Walk, an import from England in         sidered the nation's hottest jazz town.           in Chicago for Joe Louis' knockout of Jim
  farm prices, insuring bank deposits, stop-          1938.                                           Benny Goodman organized his world- · Braddock for the heavyweight crown ... to
  ping home mortgage foreclosures and, in                -The thirties was the era of the political
                                                                                                      famous band in 1934 and soon became the           center court for Don Budge's final victory
  total, laws to stabilize the economy. The           "boss" - he ran his city with an iron-
                                                                                                      undisputed "King Of Swing." It was the            in the Grand Slam of tennis ... to Berlin's
  President delivered the first of many "fire-       .hand, and was a strong political factor in
                                                                                                      era ofthe "Big Apple," jitterbug, and the         stadium where Jesse Owens literally ran
   side chats'' a week after his inaugtiration to_ · the state and often in national elections . .    "let's cut-a-rug" approach to the blaring         away with the honors in the 1936 Olympic
   explam the four-day bank ~oliday and ~ow           There was Prendergast in Kansas City,
                                                                                                      sounds from the jukebox in the comer ice          Games ... and to the 18th green for Horton
   new legislation would strengthen the finan- ·James Michael Curley in Boston, Edward                cream parlor. And those nonsense songs:           Smith's victory in the_first Masters Golf
   cial system, making future bank failures           Crump in Memphis, Ed Kelly in Chicago
                                                                                                      "Three Little Fishes," "The Flat-Foot             Tournament.                             ·
   less likely.                           ·           and Jimmy Walker who was forced out of
                                                                                                      Floogee With The Floy Floy" among other
                                                      office in New York. Some historians tabel                                                         Invasion from Mars
                                                                                                      never-to-be-forgotten hits.
  Army Flies Mail                                     Frank Hague of Jersey City, N.J. as the
                                                                                                         Across the Atlantic in 1936, Edward
                                                      bos_-of-bosses whose "I am the law"· re--
                                                           s                                                                                               While radio infonried and entertained, it
                                                                                                      VIII abdicated the British throne for
      While the nation was struggling to get          gime in that city made him a millionaire                                                          also could and aid on October 30, '1938
  back on its economic feet, the airlines were        se.veral times over while his salary was a      " ... the woman I love," (an American,
                                                                                                      Wallis Simpson of Baltimore). George VI           scare the nation half to death. Thousands ·
  flying into the darkest clouds yet encoun-          meager $8,500 annually.
                                                                                                      was crowned, with his daughters, Eliza-           tuned to the Mercury 'Qleater listened in
  tered with the approach of February 9,                  The music· of the early 1930s reflected
                                                                                                      beth.andMargaret, "The Little Princesses,"        horror to Orson Welles' dramatic account
  1934. On that day, Roosevelt cancelled all          the nation'~ mood: in contrast to the jazz of
                                                                                                      at his side. The youngsters would become          of an "invasion" of planet earth by Mar-
  airmail contracts, depriving the carriers of        the previous decade, Americans were lis-
                                                                                                      international heroines, the subjects of           tians. People ran into the streets searching
  more than half of their revenues as flying          tening and dancing to the soothing sounds
                                                                                                      books and cut-out doll clothes and eventu-        for the invading force. There was general
. passengers still was a losing operation for - -of Wayne King and Guy Lombardo. Ini-
                                                                                                      ally Elizabeth would be Queen of England.         panic throughout the nation until listeners
  most lines.                                         tially, Glen Gray & his Casa Lorna band                                                           were assured by officials and over the air-
      For the next several months the Army
                                                                                                      War Breaks Out                                    waves that it was only a story.
. flew the mail as airlines curtailed their
                                                                                                                                                           TWA contributed much throughout the
  schedules drastically and furloughed per-                                                              Just two years later King George would
                                                                                                                                                      . decade to the technological developments ·
  sonnel. The future looked grim even with                                                            tell the Royal Air Force of its heavy and far
                                                                                                                                                        in aviation thanks in a large measure to
  the expected delivery to TWA of the first                                                           greater responsibilities than it ever had pre-
                                                                                                                                                     . extensive high altitude experimental fly-
  DC-2, an airplane builtto TWA's specifica-                                                          viously "in safeguarding these islands
                                                                                                                                                        ing, weather analysis and forecasting,
  tions·and one that was technologically ex-                                                          from the menace of the air." Britain and
                                                                                                                                                      : flight planning and communications. The ·
  cellent and would make money for the                                                                France were in a state of war with Germany
                                                                                                                                                        airline continued to expand its route sys-
  airline. Before the end of 1934 the govern-                                                         after Germany refused to withdraw its
                                                                                                                                                        tem, employ women as hostesses, not as
  ment returned the mail contracts to the                                                             troops from Poland, which it had invaded
                                                                                                                                                        stewardesses, and inaugurate a coast-to-
  carriers and TWA introduced the first over-                                                         on September 1, 1939. Before the end of
                                                                                                                                                     . coast sleeper service in 1937. Two years
  night DC-Z transcontinental service, oper-                                                          the decade Poland surrendered and was
                                                                                                                                                        earlier, TWA suffered its first fatal accident
. ating via Newark Airport. (LaGuardia did                                                            partitioned between Germany and Russia.
                                                                                                                                                        since the Knute Rockne crash. A U.S.
. not open until 1939.) Passengers on the                                                             The Soviets invaded Poland and there was
                                                                                                                                                        senator, Bronson Cutting of New Mexico,
  dusk-t-o-dawn flights could buy tickets by                                                          civil war in Spain.
                                                                                                                                                        was among the victims in the DC-2 crash
  calling Western Union or Postal Telegraph                                                              Back home in .the late thirties, radio was
                                                                                                                                                        which led to a· Senate investigation of air
  which would deliver them via messenger.                                                             expanding the nation's know ledge of world
                                                                                                                                                        safety. That, in tum, led to passage of the
      The DC-2 was, of course·, the forerunner                                                        events, particular! y those in Europe. As the
                                                                                                                                                        Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938 and the crea-
  of the famous DC-3 which, beginning in                                                              march toward World War II accelerated,
                                                                                                                                                        tion of an independent safety board.
  1938, would carry the bulk of the Ameri-                                                            Americans began to realize that those
                                                                                                                                                           The family of the 1930s spent much time
  can air traffic for years to come. The late                                                         events an ocean away would ultimately
                                                                                                                                                        together listening to the radio, reading
  thirties saw the start of regular passenger        Captain Bryan during interview with              have an effect on their own lives. Ironi-
                                                                                                                                                        aloud, playing cards and games, but when
  services across the Atlantic and Pacific           Bob Serling, author of for thcoming his-         cally, the noted news commentator Edwin
  oceans as well as the destruction of the - tory of TWA.                                             C. Hill told his network audience as early                                           (to page 7)
                •                                    -   •   ,_   -            ~::   _,.•   •     •    -   · ...               I                                0




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