VIEWS: 17 PAGES: 10 POSTED ON: 12/22/2012
1. Drill – List three specific reasons to support or disagree with the following statement (you may use your book): Adolf Hitler was a great leader. 2. Homework – Read and answer the two questions on Kristallnacht on page 572. 3. Test on Friday 17.3 continued… Hitler and Nazi Germany I. Hitler and His Views Born in Austria in 1889 Served in WWI for 4 years 1923, sent to jail for trying to seize power from the Weimar Republic. Wrote Mein Kampf (My Struggle) which outlined his plans (nationalism, anticommunism and Social Darwinism) Rise of Nazism Expanded NAZI power when out of prison By 1932 was largest power in Reichstag Depression/unemployment made NAZI party popular 30% of the German workforce was unemployed by 1932. (5.5 million) Hitler promised a new Germany Nazis take control Hitler granted chancellorship legally in 1933 Reichstag (parliament) passed the enabling act – gave Hitler dictatorial power for 4 years 7 months later, Germany was a totalitarian state: trade unions dissolved and no other political parties remained. Anyone who opposed Hitler sent to a concentration camps. II. The Nazi State, 1933 – 1939 Hitler wanted to create a German empire: The Third Reich Believed that Germans were true descendents of Aryans (used word incorrectly) Created totalitarian regime using: Economic policies Mass spectacles Organizations terror The State and Terror SS = Hitler’s personal bodyguards directed by Heinrich Himmler 2 principles: Terror (secret police, criminal police, execution squads, concentration camps etc.) Ideology (to further the Aryan race) Economics and Spectacles Hitler’s rearmament program and public works projects solved unemployment problem Unemployment was cut down by 50% within 2 years By 1937 only 500,000 remained unemployed Made Hitler popular Nazis controlled churches, schools and universities Had mass rallies to evoke enthusiasm Women and Nazism Expected to be wives and moms Anti-Semitic Policies Nuremberg Laws – defined anyone w/ 1 Jewish grandparent as a Jew, excluded Jews from citizenship, issued ID cards, made Jews wear stars and prohibited Jews from teaching Kristallnacht – “night of shattered glass”, 7,000 Jewish businesses destroyed, 100 Jews killed, 30,000 rounded up and sent to concentration camps Jews then barred from public transportation, schools and hospitals. Not allowed to work in or own retail stores. Had to clean up damage from Kristallnacht Jews encouraged to emigrate (move away) from Germany
"chapter 17 section 3"