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chapter 17 section 3


									1. Drill – List three specific reasons to support or
   disagree with the following statement (you may use
   your book): Adolf Hitler was a great leader.
2. Homework – Read and answer the two questions on
   Kristallnacht on page 572.
3. Test on Friday
17.3 continued…
Hitler and Nazi Germany
I. Hitler and His Views
 Born in Austria in 1889
 Served in WWI for 4 years
 1923, sent to jail for trying to seize power from the
    Weimar Republic.
 Wrote Mein Kampf (My Struggle) which outlined his
    plans (nationalism, anticommunism and Social
Rise of Nazism
 Expanded NAZI power when out of prison
 By 1932 was largest power in Reichstag
 Depression/unemployment made NAZI party popular
 30% of the German workforce was unemployed by
 1932. (5.5 million)
 Hitler promised a new Germany
Nazis take control
 Hitler granted chancellorship legally in 1933
 Reichstag (parliament) passed the enabling act –
  gave Hitler dictatorial power for 4 years
 7 months later, Germany was a totalitarian state: trade
  unions dissolved and no other political parties
  remained. Anyone who opposed Hitler sent to a
  concentration camps.
II. The Nazi State, 1933 – 1939
 Hitler wanted to create a German empire: The Third
 Believed that Germans were true descendents of
   Aryans (used word incorrectly)
 Created totalitarian regime using:
   Economic policies
   Mass spectacles
   Organizations
   terror
The State and Terror
 SS = Hitler’s personal bodyguards directed by
  Heinrich Himmler
 2 principles:
   Terror (secret police, criminal police, execution squads,
    concentration camps etc.)
   Ideology (to further the Aryan race)
Economics and Spectacles
 Hitler’s rearmament program and public works
    projects solved unemployment problem
   Unemployment was cut down by 50% within 2 years
   By 1937 only 500,000 remained unemployed
   Made Hitler popular
   Nazis controlled churches, schools and universities
   Had mass rallies to evoke enthusiasm
Women and Nazism
 Expected to be wives and moms
Anti-Semitic Policies
 Nuremberg Laws – defined anyone w/ 1 Jewish
  grandparent as a Jew, excluded Jews from citizenship,
  issued ID cards, made Jews wear stars and prohibited
  Jews from teaching
 Kristallnacht – “night of shattered glass”, 7,000 Jewish
  businesses destroyed, 100 Jews killed, 30,000 rounded
  up and sent to concentration camps
 Jews then barred from public transportation, schools
  and hospitals. Not allowed to work in or own retail
 Had to clean up damage from Kristallnacht
 Jews encouraged to emigrate (move away) from

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