Smart Cars.ppt by wangnuanzg


									The Pace of Life
• Discussion:

- What did we use to expect from technology?
  Has technology made our lives easier or
  more burdensome?

- Do you agree with the author that all time-
  liberating techniques in relieving the
  widespread sense of time famine are
  doomed to failure?
                 Text A
            Text Organization

• Part One—(Paras 1-11)

• Part Two—(Paras 12-18)

• Part Three—(Paras 19-23)

• Part Four —(Paras 24-28)
• on the go: (infml) very active or busy.
- I was on the go all day and went home at about 10
  o’clock in the evening.
• go: (n.)
  1. an attempt or trial at sth.
- I thought I’d give it a go.
  2. a person’s turn to use sth. or to move or act in a game
- Come on Tony, it’s your go.
  3. a project or undertaking which has been proved
- Tell them the project is a go.
  4. being successful in sth.
- He’s determined to make a go of his marriage.
Cf. on the move: in the process of moving (from one place
    or job to another); making progress
- It’s difficult to contact her because she’s always on the
- The economy appeared to be on the move.
- Science is always on the move. (发展)
- It was vacation time, and the highways were full of
  families on the move. (驾车出游的家庭往来不绝)
- As it was a very cold day, I kept on the move to stay
• cope: deal successfully (often followed by with )
- People who attempt suicide usually suffer from
  extreme emotional distress and feel unable to cope
  with the stress and their problems.
- The task looks a formidable one, but I think we can
- In their crazy search for fulfillment, they’ve gotten
  themselves into situations in which they are not able
  to cope.
•   set about sth. / doing sth.: start doing sth, with vigor or
-   After breakfast, she set about her household duties.
-   The school authorities must set about finding solutions
    to the campus security problems.
•   set sb. off : cause someone to start doing sth., esp.
    laughing or talking
•   set sth. off: set off a bomb; cause an alarm to go off;
    cause a series of things to occur; set off a chain reaction
    in other financial markets.
•   set out to do: aim at intend to do sth.
•   set to: begin doing sth. vigorously

•   tangle: v. twist together into a confused mass; become
    involved in a conflict or fight with
-   Long hair tangles easily.
-   The wind tangled my hair.
-   I tangled with him over politics bitterly.
-   be tangled in a controversy卷入
-   The power failure had tangled traffic in the city. (陷入
• n.
- a tangle of ropes / people
- diplomatic tangles (外交纠纷)
- His thoughts were in a tangle. (陷入混乱)
- have a tangle with sb. over sth.
• untangle: free from a tangled or twisted state;
  make sth. complicated easier to deal with
- untangle the problem / a cable /the traffic jam (解
          Part I (Paras 1-11)

• Main Idea:
  The author gives three reasons why we feel so
  time-pressed today.
             Part I (Paras 1-7)
• eat into (Line 6): use up (profits, resources, or time),
  especially when they are intended for other purposes;
  gradually reduce the amount of (sth. valuable);
  damage or destroy
- His extravagances ate into his inheritances.
- Responsibilities at home and work eat into his time.
- Sales were hard hit by high interest rates eating into
  disposal income.
- The fear has eaten into my bones. (感到极为恐惧)
             Part I (Paras 1-7)
• eat sth. away or eat away at sth. (syn.)
- Rust was eating away the pipe.
- Inflation has eaten away at the value of some of their
- I never did understand what was eating away at her.
            Part I (Paras 1-7)
• eat sth. up: use resources or time in very large
- an operating system that eats up 200 Mb of disk space
- He ate up valuable minutes with long, dull answers.
- Extravagant spending ate up his savings. (花完)
- She is eating up the course in algebra.如饥似渴地学.
             Part I (Paras 1-7)
•   Promise (Line 11): give good grounds for expecting
    (a particular occurrence or situation)
-   The clear sky promises fine weather.
-   It promised to be a night that all present would long
•   promising: giving hope of success or good result
-   a promising future / boy (有出息)
-   The weather is promising. (is likely to be fine)
             Part I (Paras 1-7)
•   Deliver (Line 11): bring or hand over (a letter,
    parcel, or ordered goods); provide sth. promised or
-   struggle to deliver election commitments.
-   She’s waiting for him to deliver on his promise.
            Part I (Paras 1-7)
•   toil at / on / over / through (Line 18): work
    extremely hard or incessantly; move slowly and
    with difficulty
-   toil at one’s task (辛苦工作)
-   toil through the night (彻夜辛劳)
-   toil with one’s hands for a living
-   toil up a hill / along the path
•   n.
-   a life of toil: a hard life
-   succeed only after years of toil
             Part I (Paras 1-7)
•   multiply (Line 21): increase in number or quantity;
    add a number to itself a particular number of times
-   The weeds just multiplied, and before long the garden
    was a jungle.
-   Fear multiplies the difficulties of life.
-   Multiply 16 by 4, to make 64. (用16乘以4, 得64。)
-   6 multiplied by 3 is 18. (6 x 3 = 18)
-   multiply the height with the width to determine the
•   multiplication sign / table乘号/乘法表
            Part I (Paras 1-7)
• multi- : (pref) having many of

-   a multipolar world multiprocessing (多重处理)
-   a multipurpose computer (多功能的)
-   a multistage rocket (多节火箭)
-   multi-racial country
              Part I (Paras 1-7)
•   burden (Line 24): a load, typically a heavy one; a duty or
    misfortune that causes hardship, anxiety
-   share the burden with sb.
-   burden sb. with questions/ worries / a large family
-   impose / lay the burden on sb.
-   shift the burden to sb.
-   alleviate / lessen / lighten the burden
-   relieve sb. of the burden
-   The room was burdened with flowers. (摆满了花)
-   The economy was further burdened by a flood of refugees.
             Part I (Paras 1-7)
• time-pressed (Line 28): be pressed: have barely
  enough of sth., esp. time
- I’m terribly pressed for time. / I’m time-pressed.
• be pressed to do sth.: have difficulty doing or
  achieving sth.
- They may be hard pressed to keep their promise.
• press sb. to do sth / for sth. 催促,敦促;逼迫
• press sb. into doing sth. / press sb. with questions
• a world pressed by / burdened with mushrooming
            Part I (Paras 1-7)
• accommodate (Line 31): provide lodging or
  sufficient space for;

- Each flat can accommodate up to six people.
- Even the most prestigious universities, such as
  Oxford and Harvard, are making their efforts to
  make their graduates accommodate to the realities
  of the job market.
• accommodate to: adapt to
            Part I (Paras 1-7)
• proliferate (Line 35): increase rapidly in number;
  produce in large quantities; multiply

- With the development of science, the science-
  fiction magazines proliferated in the 1920s.
- The promise of new technology proliferates
  options on every hand.
              Part I (Paras 1-7)

• amount to (Line 41): add up to; be equal to

- Losses amounted to over 100 million dollars.
- In 1959 the combined value of U.S. imports and exports
  amounted to less than 9 percent of the country’s gross
  domestic products.
- Their actions amounted to a conspiracy.
- Her standards amounted to perfection. (她简直要求事事
            Part I (Paras 1-7)
• frontier (Line 41): part of a country bordering on
  another country; (fig / usu pl) extreme limit of an
  area of knowledge or a particular activity
- armed clashes on the frontier between the two
- Our passports were inspected at the Czech frontier.
- To open up the space frontier, NASA will try to
  lower the cost of access to Earth orbit.
- The frontiers of medical knowledge are being pushed
  farther outwards every year. (开拓扩大)
 adj. a frontier zone / town / dispute / trade
               Part I (Paras 1-7)
• border: (land near the) line dividing two states or countries;
- a border town / incident
- As the river changed its course, the border changed.
• v.
- The park borders on the shores of the lake. ( be next to)
• boundary: line that marks a limit; dividing line; (fig)
- This river forms a boundary between China and DPRK.
- A boundary dispute is a quarrel about where a boundary
  should be.
- If something is beyond the boundary of human knowledge,
  man can know nothing about it
            Part I (Paras 1-7)
• stress (Line 42): pressure or worry resulting from
  mental or physical distress, difficult circumstances
- Not all of us can cope with the stresses of modern life.
- Population growth and pollution place enormous stress
  on the world’s supply of usable water.
• v.:
- A person who is stressed typically has anxious
  thoughts and difficulty concentrating or remembering.
• stress the point / need for sth. : attach importance to
• stress / tension / nervousness: see Page 210 Ex. II
            Part I (Paras 1-7)
• drive (Line 44): urge or force sb. to move in a
   specified direction or act in a particular way
• be driven: (of a fact or feeling) compel (someone)
   to act in a particular way.

- You’re driving yourself too hard. (You are
  pressing too hard.)
- He drove himself working until late at night.
- He was driven by ambition.
         Part I. (Paras 1-11)
• abundance (Line 46): quantity that is more than
  enough; plenty

- Most milk consists of an abundance of the
  major nutrients needed by the body for good
- She was blessed with talent and charm in
- food and drink in abundance
- live in abundance
            Part I (Paras 1-11)
• oblige (Line 45): do sth. for sb. as a favor or a small
  service (oblige sb. with sth. / by doing sth.)

- Will you oblige me by closing the windows?
- Tell me what you want to know and I’ll see if I can
- If you can give me a few minutes of your time I’ll be
   much obliged. (grateful)
 repay an obligation n. 还人情債
        Part II (Paras 12-18)

• Main Idea:
  Not every one is time-stressed, and in the case of
  Americans they have actually gained more free
  time in the past decade.
         Part II (Paras 12-18)
• shorthand (Line 48): a short or simple way of
  expressing or referring to sth.

- Poetry for him is simply a shorthand for literature.
         Part II (Paras 12-18)
• (Line 53) peripherally involved in the economy:
  not fully involved in … / not fully employed

- a peripheral member of a group外围成
- peripheral provinces边缘省份
         Part II (Paras 12-18)
• perception (Line 67): ability to notice and
  understand things; way of seeing or
  understanding sth.; intuitive understanding or
- color perception
- a vague perception of …模糊的认识/看法
- a man of perception有洞察力的

• v. perceive
- Do you perceive what I mean?
         Part II (Paras 12-18)
• nurture (Line 76): care for and encourage the growth
  and development of; cherish (a hope, belief, or
  ambition); nourish
- His father nurtured his love of art.
- For a long time she has nurtured the dream of
  buying a shop.
- nurture resentment 滋生不满情绪
- nurture connections with sb. 同某人拉关系
• n. (often contrasted with nature) nature and nurture:
        Part III (Paras 19-23)

• Main Idea:
  The perception of time-famine has triggered
  a variety of reactions.
         Part III (Paras 19-23)
• Inequalities   apart   (Line   84):   apart   from

- See Page 213 Structure Ex. I
       Part III (Paras 19-23)
• famine (Line 84): extreme scarcity of food; a
- a severe famine / reduce the threat of famine
  / die of famine
- a water famine / the cotton famine of the
- Drought could result in famine throughout
  the region.
           Part III (Paras 19-23)
•   starve: suffer severely or die from hunger
-   They got lost in the desert and starved to death.
-   starve sb. out (of a place) / into a specified state
-   I don’t know about you, but I’m starving.          (be
    eager to do …)
-   The plant was starved of light. (be in need of light)
-   The motherless children are starving for affection.
-   The patient’s brain was starved for oxygen.
•   n. starvation
         Part III (Paras 19-23)
• provoke (Line 85): stimulate or give rise to (a
  reaction or emotion, typically a strong or unwelcome
  one); deliberately make (sb.) annoyed or angry
- provoke general rage / press interest / a storm of
- They argued that NATO enlargement could provoke
  Russian hostility and lead to regional instability.
- His rudeness provoked me to strike him.
- He tried to provoke them into fight.
        Part III (Paras 19-23)
• adj. provoking
- anxiety-provoking situations
- a thought-provoking question

• n. provocation
           Part III (Paras 19-23)
• gratify (Line 87): give pleasure or satisfaction

-   Beauty gratifies the eye.美能悦目。
-   I was gratified to see the result.
-   The result is gratifying to me. (gratifying result)
-   It was gratifying to know of the success of our

• n. gratification
- It was a gratification to know that …
         Part III (Paras 19-23)
• streamline (Line 94): design or provide with a form
  that presents very little resistance to a flow of air or
  water, increasing speed and ease of movement;
  make (an organization or system) more efficient by
  employing faster or simpler working methods.
- streamline the finance department
- streamline the decision-making process
- Passenger trains are streamlined for speed.
- Corporate mergers can result in job losses because
  management combines and streamlines departments
  within the newly merged companies.
       Part III (Paras 19-23)
• growth market (Line 95): 越做越大的/迅速发展的市
- growth shares/ company/ industry / area增长股 /迅
  速发展的公司 / 行业 / 区域
           Part III (Paras 19-23)
• domestic (Line 96): of the home, household of family; (of a
  person) fond of family life; (of a animal) tame and kept by
  humans; of or in side a particular country
- domestic appliances / chores / dogs / affairs / science = home
- Her second marriage has made her very domestic

• n. domestics
- After China’s entry into WTO, the competition between
  domestics and foreign imports has been growing increasingly
        Part III (Paras 19-23)
• spring up (Line 101): appear, develop, grow, etc.
  quickly or suddenly

- New professional training schools sprang up all
  over the country.
- Madness and creativity could spring from the
  same source. (originate / arise from)
        Part III (Paras 19-23)
• futile (Line 106): incapable of producing any
  useful result; pointless

- a futile / vain attempt to keep fans from
  mounting the stage
- It was futile / useless / pointless to continue the
        Part III (Paras 19-23)
• divert (Line 106): cause sb. or sth. to change;
  turn from one direction to another; distract
  sb.’s attention from sth.

- The dam will divert the flow of river water into
  the canal.
- Money set aside for development was being
  diverted to finance the famine relief operations.
- divert one’s interest from sth.
• n. diversion
         Part IV (Paras 24-28)
• Main Idea:
 The author pins down the crux of the problem
 and puts forward a remedy for the stress we
            Part IV (Paras 24-28)
• cram (Line 108): completely fill a place or a container;
  enter a place or space that seems too small

-   They all crammed into the car.
-   The restaurant was crammed with people. (crowded)
-   He is cramming facts and dates for his history exam.
-   cram the clothes into a suitcase
-   cram one pupils填鸭式教学
         Part IV (Paras 24-28)
• evade (Line 113): escape or avoid, especially by
  guile or trickery 强调机智巧妙不诚实得逃避
- evade military service / an attack / (paying)
- Tom tried to catch her arm but she evaded him.
- Evade the question by changing the subject

• Adj. be accused of being evasive
         Part IV (Paras 24-28)
• avoid: 语意较弱,try not to get close to sth. / sb.
  dangerous or sth. / sb. you don’t want to meet
• escape: 逃走,逃过,有时可能不是有意识的

- I have to avoid the landlady until I pay the rent
  for the house.
- Nothing escaped her sharp eyes.
          Part IV (Paras 24-28)
• confine (Line 115): n. (confines) the borders or
  boundaries of a place, especially with regard to their
  restricting freedom or movement.
- the confines of a country 国家的疆界
- Within the confines of the hall escape was impossible.
- This is outside the confines of the human knowledge.
• V.
- be confined to one’s bed / a wheelchair
- confine oneself to the topic / the subject
- They succeeded in confining the fire to a small area.
          Part IV (Paras 24-28)
• doom (Line 129): n. death, destruction and some other
  terrible fate
- His doom was to be poverty. 注定受穷
- He met (went to) his doom in the battle. 在战斗中阵亡
• v. be doomed to sth / to do sth.: (sth.) be certain to
  happen, and you can do nothing to prevent it.
- The whole project was doomed to failure / fail.
- His crippled leg doomed him to unemployment.
- He was doomed to spend the rest of his life in a
          Part IV (Paras 24-28)
• Cf. destiny: n. the events that will necessarily happen
  to a person or thing in the future ;the hidden power
  believed to control what will happen in the future
  怕的命运, 常指尚未实现的
- believe in destiny

• V. be destined for sth. / to sth. / to do sth.:
- She could see that she was destined for stardom / great
- The land is destined for a new hospital. (intended for a
  particular use)
          Part IV (Paras 24-28)
• Cf. fate: 强调人所不能改变的命运,常指不尽

- It was the great man’s destiny to lead his
  country to freedom.
- He expected to spend his life in Italy but fate
  had decided otherwise. (unchangeable)
          EXERCISE for Unit 6
1. I’ve been ________since eight o’clock this morning,
   preparing my presentation for tomorrow’s class.
2. It would be better to admit the problem openly and
   _________ tackling it.

3. The boys got into a _______ over the rules of the
4. All these car expenses are ________our savings.

5. The forthcoming concerts _________ a feast of music
   from around the world.
          EXERCISE for Unit 6
6. Some famous private schools are theoretically open to
   the public, but _______ are attended by those who
   can afford the fees.
7. The wealth of industrial society could only come from
   the ______ of the masses.
8. Cigarette smoking combining with irregular life will
   _______the risks of lung cancer.
9. Some people argue that globalization will bring
   the______so far enjoyed only by wealthy
   industrialized nations to the developing countries.
          EXERCISE for Unit 6
10. The black miners in South African used to earn only
    _________ the wages paid to white miners doing the
    equivalent work.
11. These tropical islands boast a(n) _______ of wildlife,
    so they are always the zoologists’ first choice.
12. Parents want to know the best way to _______ and
    raise their child to adulthood.
13. We need to find ways to ______ the office routine.
14. People’s concern over generically modified food has
    _______ a global debate that shows no ending soon.
          EXERCISE for Unit 6
15. Police and hospital records indicate that the majority
    of victims of __________violence are women.
16. The would is facing the prospect of water
    _________caused by population growth, uneven
    distribution of water, pollution, and other factors.
17. The tour group is _____ to the planned activity.
18. People are now ordering and purchasing virtually
    anything over the Internet. Books, compact disks,
    even sticks are available from websites that seem to
    _______ almost daily.
          EXERCISE for Unit 6
19. I knew it was ________ to try and persuade her once
  she had made the decision.
20. Wisdom consists in learning when to ________ and
  when to oppose head-on.
          EXERCISE for Unit 6
21. In Chinese teaching, teachers often _____ facts
  down the children’s throats.
 A. insert     B. burden    C. pour       D. cram
22. I’ve been _____ since eight o’clock this morning,
  preparing my presentation for tomorrow’s class.
  A. on the movement B. on the action
  C. in the procedure     D. on the go
23. The forthcoming concerts ____ a feast of music from
  around the world.
  A. promote              B. advocate
  C. provoke              D. promise
          EXERCISE for Unit 6
24. Cigarette smoking combining with irregular life will
  ____________ the risks of lung cancer.
  A. double B. multiply C. expand D. add
25. People are now ordering and purchasing virtually
  anything over the Internet. books, compact disks,
  even sticks are available from websites that seem to
  _______ almost daily.
  A. spring up             B. go in existence
  C. strike up             D. spring up come round
26. It’s a question of whether the city can ____ on that
  A. fulfill B. proliferate C. deliver D. favor
         EXERCISE for Unit 6
27. The President seemed willing to _____ himself to
  Senate desires.
  A. divert     B. devote C. accommodate D. oblige
28. The ______ of medical knowledge are being pushed
  farther outwards every year.
  A. frontiers B. borders    C. areas       D. fields
29. The secretary took down in _______ what was said.
    A. shortage              B. shorthand
    C. summary               D. conclusion
30. Increasing the powers of ________ is one part of
  school education.
  A. knowledge B. ability C. diversion D. perception
        Key to Ex. for Unit 6
1. on the go 2. set about 3. tangle
4. eating into 5. promise 6. in reality
7. toil          8. multiply 9. prosperity
10. a fraction of         11. abundance
12. nurture 13. streamlining 14. provoked
15. domestic 16. shortages 17. confined
18. Spring up 19. futile          20. evade
     Key to Ex. for Unit 6
• 21 to 30

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