To Write a JSA or JHA that is - PowerPoint

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To Write a JSA or JHA that is - PowerPoint Powered By Docstoc
					To Write a JSA or JHA that is the
      A job safety analysis (JSA) is a
   technique to identify the dangers of
   specific tasks in order to reduce the
         risk of injury to workers
  The Occupational Safety and Health
        Administration (OSHA)
• OSHA requires employers to furnish a place of
  employment free of recognized hazards that are
  causing, or likely to cause death or serious physical
  harm to employees
• Employers (UAF) must comply with occupational safety
  and health standards set under the General Duty
  Clause, section 5(a)(1) of the Occupational Safety and
  Health Act of 1970

• The most common and useful tool used to comply
  with this requirement is the JHA!
  A living document for you and your
• The JSA process is documented and the JSA
  document is used in the workplace or at the
  job site to guide workers in safe job
  performance. The JSA document is also a
  living document that is adjusted as conditions
 process begins with identification
• The JSA process begins with identification of the
  potential hazards or risks associated with a particular
  job. Once the hazards are understood, the
  consequences of those hazards are then identified,
  followed by control measures to eliminate or mitigate
  the hazards. A more detailed JSA can be performed by
  breaking the job into steps and identifying specific
  hazards and control measures for each job step,
  providing the worker with a documented set of safe job
  procedures. Some JSA processes also include a risk
  assessment that lists the probability of each hazard
  occurring and the severity of the consequences, as well
  as the effectiveness of the control measures.
• The terms "job" and "task" are commonly
  used interchangeably to mean a specific work
  assignment, such as "operating a grinder,"
  "using a pressurized water extinguisher," or
  "changing a flat tire." JSAs are not suitable for
  jobs defined too broadly, for example,
  "overhauling an engine"; or too narrowly, for
  example, "positioning car jack."
     What are the four basic steps?

• Four basic stages in conducting a JSA are:
• selecting the job to be analyzed
• breaking the job down into a sequence of
• identifying potential hazards
• determining preventive measures to
  overcome these hazards
Sample JSA - Stack Lift

       Why is a JHA important?
• Once you know what the hazards are, you can
  reduce or eliminate them before anyone gets

• The JHA can also be used to investigate
  accidents and

• To train workers how to do their jobs safely.
  The Job Hazard Analysis Defined
• A Job Hazard Analysis is a technique that focuses on
  job tasks as a way to identify hazards before they
  result in injury, illness, property damage, or worse
• It focuses on the relationship between the worker,
  the task, the tools, and the work environment
• Ideally, after you identify uncontrolled hazards, you
  will take steps to eliminate or reduce them to an
  acceptable risk level
• A JHA is also known as a Job Safety Analysis or JSA
  - Both are considered the same
          Regulatory Requirements
 There are several other OSHA regulations that require
  the need for specific hazard assessments
 Failure to assess hazards in the workplace could lead
  to injuries or illness, and costly OSHA citations and
  penalties (fines) against your department and UAF

 OSHA is very likely to review your hazard assessment
  (JHA) program in the event of an accident/illness
  on the job, especially if the injury/illness results in a
  worker hospitalization
 Completing your JHAs helps ensure you have both a
  safe and regulatory compliant workplace!
    Job Hazard Analysis - KEY TERMS
   What is a CONTROL?
     Safe procedures or other protective measures
     Any provision taken to reduce or eliminate the exposure
      to a hazard.
    Types of controls include:
        Engineering Controls
        Administrative Controls
        Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

To assist you in developing your JHAs, various types and examples
   of controls will be further explained later in the presentation
This is the current, more user friendly, 2010 JHA
            FORMAT now used at UAF
            A completed JHA =
        Safe Operating Procedures
• A completed JHA can be effectively used as a
  training tool and “Safe Operating Procedure”

• Any person performing the job can use the JHA
  as a guide to safely and effectively perform the
  tasks involved

• A signed JHA is also evidence of OHSA
  compliance regarding hazard assessment,
  hazard recognition, and the right to know law!

  No one gets hurt at work through
         LOWER* incidents.

*(Limiting Oilfield Workers' Exposures and


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