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Risk and Hazards Report them

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					Risk: „risk” 1. possibility of loss or
                injury
Hazard : „ha-zərd;‟ 2. a source of
               danger
        Introduction to Prevention

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    Your safety our responsibility
• Safety is away of thinking and acting that
  keeps you out of harm’s way
• It is everyone's responsibility to promote a
  safe environment and the supervisor’s
  responsibility to have a safety program cannot
  be delegated



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According to the Government and the
      people in our graveyards
• Work places contain a wide range of hazards,
  some known, others less so. We have learned
  to control most of them, sometimes
  instinctively, sometimes intentionally. Given
  the ever-increasing complexity of work places,
  we can no longer rely on instinct alone. Risk
  must be managed just like any other business
  function. The negative impacts are so costly in
  human and financial terms that we must
  control them.
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                You are required
What are my obligations?
• The regulations provide necessary information without
  prescribing details of what exactly must be done in each
  work place. You will have to formalize your existing
  prevention efforts. The key components of the hazard
  prevention program are:
• implementation plan;
• hazard identification and assessment methodology;
• hazard identification and assessment;
• preventive measures;
• employee education; and
• program evaluation.

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          HAZARD RECOGNITION
The systematic observation and
identification of unsafe conditions, at-risk
behaviors and underlying management
system weaknesses that if permitted to
continue may lead to employee injury or
illness.



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Put it in a picture




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                   The group of Nine
•   1. Be aware of the problem            6. Know the supplier (of solution)
•   2. Accept the problem                 7. Finance
•   3. Know the cause                      8. Implement solutions
•   4. Learn of possible solutions         9. Evaluate
•   5. Accept a solution

                 Political will and motivation require awareness
                 and understanding of the problems caused by
                 hazardous exposure So that efficient hazard
                 prevention and control programs may be
                 implemented, concern
                 for workers’ health should be included in the
                 priorities of top management alongside
                 productivity
                 and quality. Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
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• Accept no unnecessary risks
• Make risk decisions at the appropriate level
  within the chain of command
• When the risks are too great, the activity
  should stop
• Include Safety in all planning for ALL unit
  activities


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RECOGNIZE AND CORRECT HAZARDS.




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Chemicals must be stored in a safe and
orderly condition.




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                 Hazard Control

• Some control measures are more effective
  than others at reducing the hazard.
• Be aware of the different types of controls
  available and the benefits and limitations of
  each.
• Each of the SHMS models introduced in
  Lesson 1 require the implementation and
  maintenance of hazard controls for risk
  reduction.

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                 Hazard Control

• The first consideration for controlling hazards
  is to eliminate the hazard or substitute a less
  hazardous material or process.
• An example of this method is utilizing a water-
  based paint rather than a solvent-based paint.
• This control measure minimizes flammable
  vapors as well as eliminates health concerns
  associated with solvent-based paints.

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                 Hazard Control

• When it is not possible to eliminate a hazard,
  you should control the hazard using the
  following methods (in order):
   – Engineering controls
   – Administrative controls
   – Personal Protective Equipment



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                 Hazard Control

• Applying this hierarchy is a systematic
  approach to identify the most effective
  method of risk reduction. You want to
  select the highest-level feasible control.




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          Hazard Control - Engineering

• If hazard elimination or substitution is not
  feasible, engineering controls should be
  considered next.
• Engineering controls are physical changes to
  the work area or process that effectively
  minimize a worker's exposure to hazards.



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           Hazard Control - Engineering
• Enclosed Hazard
  – Enclosure of the hazard, such as enclosures for noisy
    equipment.
• Isolate Hazard
  – Isolation of the hazard with interlocks, machine
    guarding, welding curtains, and other mechanisms.
• Remove / Redirect Hazard
  – Removal or redirection of the hazard such as with
    local and exhaust ventilation.
• Redesign Workplace
  – Redesign of workstation to minimize ergonomic
    injuries.

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         These are the basic steps
•   1.Identify the hazards
•   2.Assess the risks
•   3.Analyze risk control measures
•   4.Make control decisions
•   5.Implement risk controls
•   6.Supervise and review



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Hazard Recognition / Assessment

• Procedure To Review Job Methods and Uncover
  Hazards
• Four Steps:
   • Select The Job
   • Break The Job Down into smaller tasks
   • Identify Hazards and Potential Accidents
   • Develop Solutions


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     Safety Process Subsystems

                                Behavior
                            Activity Measures
                          Employee Participation
                            Personal Actions
                          Rewards & Recognition

                                                                  Safe Work
 Management                                                      Environment
  Objective Setting                                              O H S Compliance
Accountability & Roles                                          Engineering Controls
 Resource Provision                                              Traditional Safety




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    Safety Subsystems: Behavior
                                                  Personal Safety Activities


                                                    Behavioral Accident Prevention

    Behavior                                       Job Safety Assessments
  Activity Measures
Employee Participation                                 Hazard Recognition
  Personal Actions


                                                      Site Safety Councils

                                                  Site Safety Activities




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            A Large difference
“Mishap”
• means any unplanned or unsought event, or
  series of events, that result in or has the
  potential to cause death, injury, or damage to
  equipment or property.
Definitions
• “Accident” means a mishapthat results in
  death, serious bodily injury, or major damage
  to, or loss of, equipment or property
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             If in doubt always
• Report, Report, Report
• If in doubt, report the hazard!
• If in doubt, report the mishap!
• It’s better to report something if you think it
  shouldn’t be reported, than to not report it
  and find out it should have been.
• The supervisor and safety officer will take it
  from there.
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