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Test 1 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: Should Private Cars Be Encouraged in China? You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese. 1．在中国，私人汽车拥有量在增加 2．有些人赞成拥有私人汽车，有些人反对拥有私人汽车 3．你的观点 Should Private Cars Be Encouraged in China? Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (I5 minutes) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1—7, mark Y (for YES) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage; N (for NO) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage; NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage. For questions 8—10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage. Your Laptop Care Guide Your laptop (笔记本电脑) is not just an expensive toy—it's one of your most important assets while at work and play. It's extremely important that you take good care of it. You should know about each piece of the hardware, and follow these simple guidelines. Don't Eat or Drink near Your Laptop! Fluids are the number one enemy of electronic items. If you do spill something on or in your laptop, turn the computer off immediately and unplug it. If there is standing liquid, try to dry that liquid off. Leave the laptop off and sitting at least overnight to allow time for it to dry. Our INTREON Care Centre can repair light to medium damage, but you can be without your laptop for days if any of its major components has to be replaced. If something catastrophic (灾难性的) does occur, you may wish to request for a laptop from us or to do a trade-in for a newer model. Don't Move Your Laptop While It Is On! This can severely damage your hard drive, and may cause you to lose files. In the case of hard disk damage, our specialized DATA RECOVERY laboratory will help you retrieve your priceless data using sophisticated recovery equipment. Don't Leave It in Your Car, an Unlocked Locker, or a Classroom! Laptop thefts in Singapore are relatively rare, but not impossible, and it will cost you a minimum of a few thousands of dollars to get a new laptop, not to mention all the files you lost. Back Up Your Personal Files Regularly! Put your personal files on an external hard drive, which is automatically backed up daily, burn a CD or DVD, or you can choose to do a HARD-DISK CLONING before you clean up or reformat your system for better performance. Don't Download Random Software off the Internet! Most of these "seemingly useful" softwares contain spy-ware, which will damage your Windows installation, waste resources, generate pop-up ads, and report your personal information back to the company that provided that software. A kitten that walks around your screen may be cute, but you won't think it is when you need to bring your laptop to our INTREON Care Centre for repair! Don't Dismantle Your Laptop or Attempt Repair! Laptop repair is a specialized skill and it is a dynamic problem solving process. If you are untrained, you will easily damage the delicate components of your laptop, lose your valuable data, or worse suffer from electrical shocks. Keep Your Laptop Within the Safe Temperature Range! Every laptop has a recommended safe range of operating temperature (usually about 10—35 degree Celsius). Prolonged exposure of a laptop to extreme cold or hot temperature can result in glitches (故障) and possible hardware damage. As such, we offer the following recommendations: ● Don't leave your laptop sitting in the car for extended periods of time. This applies during both hot and cold weather. ● Don't leave the laptop computer sitting exposed to direct sunlight or near any heat source for extended periods of time. Avoid Static Electricity (静电) and Magnetic Fields! Static is the enemy. It can ruin your system and your disks. Avoid magnetic fields. Be careful with the TVs, speakers and phones. Both can cause problems for laptop and diskettes. Consider Getting Your Laptop Insured! Is your laptop insured? Find out from your authorized agents: What's covered? How much will you pay if something happens? A good insurance will come in handy especially when you are traveling overseas. Take Good Care of Your LCD. The screen on a laptop is an LCD (liquid crystal display) composed of individual transistors at every pixel (像素). The screens of the laptop have 1,470,000 pixels. Each pixel is a separate transistor/liquid crystal combination. If any one is damaged you will have a permanent black spot on your screen. To be sure, the loss of a single pixel will not make your screen unusable, but if you physically damage the screen you will probably lose more than a single pixel. The screen is the single most expensive part of your laptop. Most damage to it is non-repairable. Replacing it can cost between ＄600—＄1,000. Here are some tips for you to take good care of LCD. Keep your screen in good shape; stay away from it. That's to say, do not poke it with your finger—or even worse—with a pen or pencil. If you want to show something on the screen to someone else, point "from a distance" or use your mouse and cursor (指针) to point to the item of interest (incidentally, you can make your cursor much larger and/or change its shape if you find it hard to see on the screen). If you do get fingerprints or dirt on your screen, you can clean it—with care and the proper cleaning solution. Remember, your laptop screen surface is thin, flexible plastic, not glass. DO NOT use glass cleaner. The ammonia (氨) that is a primary component of most glass cleaners will eventually yellow the screen and make it brittle. Your first attempt to clean a screen should be with a soft cloth (not paper towels) dampened with water. If a gentle wipe with this does not work, then use rubbing alcohol at 50% or less strength. You can buy commercial cleaning solutions and cleaning pads for computer screen, but make sure they specially say "for laptop or LCD screens". Never pour or spray it directly onto the screen where it may run off and damage electronic components. The same care tips hold true for any LCD screen that you may have—for a desktop computer or TV as well as for laptops. Other Considerations We would recommend getting some sort of padded carrying cases for your computer. Not only does it provide greater protection for your laptop in case of impact, but it also makes it easier to carry your laptop. Most major computer stores and department stores carry a wide variety of padded eases to suit your needs and tastes. 1. The purpose of this passage is to tell us how to take care of our laptops. 2. The first step to deal with the computer damaged by fluids is to turn off electricity immediately. 3. The INTREON Care Centre can repair light, medium to heavy laptop damage. 4. When our laptop has some minor problems, we call dismantle it ourselves and repair it in order to save money and time. 5. To put a laptop at a hot place for a long period of time may cause damage to it. 6. The author suggests having our laptop insured in the event that it is stolen. 7. Pixel damage can be repaired, but it is very expensive to repair the damage. 8. To better protect your laptop, you should not poke it with a ______. 9. When using cleaning solutions to clean your computer screens, make sure the solutions are for ______. 10. Padded carrying cases for laptop are available at most computer stores and ______. Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Questions 11 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 11. A) A bank manager and a customer. B) A police officer and a woman robber. C) A policeman and a bank manager. D) A police officer and an eyewitness to a robbery. 12. A) It is very bad. B) It is just so-so. C) It is as good as she had expected. D) It isn't good enough. 13. A) More working hours. B) A better position. C) More days off. D) A long vacation. 14. A) He is very satisfied with the new job. B) He is afraid of the job. C) He is bored with the job. D) He can earn a lot of money. 15. A) He doesn't want to buy a car. B) He doesn't have enough money to buy a car. C) He plans to buy a car, but not now. D) He will have enough money for a car soon. 16. A) To feed the baby. B) To bathe the baby. C) To wake the baby up. D) To take care of the baby. 17. A) Write a report. B) Join his friends. C) Go to the laboratory. D) Go to the party. 18. A) Because it comes by mail. B) Because it arrives a few days earlier. C) Because it is much cheaper. D) Because it is inconvenient to buy one from the bookstore. Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 19. A) At a public forum. B) In an auditorium. C) On TV. D) In a classroom. 20. A) Exposing oneself to the target culture. B) Attending regularly a good language program. C) Coming up with a study plan. D) Developing good note-taking skills. 21. A) It helps improve language fluency. B) It depends on individual experience. C) It is closely related to one's habit. D) It helps improve one's learning potential. 22. A) Learners should have their own learning styles. B) Pronunciation practice is a key to learning spoken English. C) Goals should be realistic in learning a language. D) Learning is a step-by-step process. Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 23. A) Differences between soccer and rugby. B) A football match between China and Britain. C) Chinese and British football fans. D) One's favorite sport. 24. A) It is not very popular in China. B) It is accepted by more and more people. C) People in China like playing football but do not like watching it. D) Chinese people are all keen on football. 25. A) Most of them are very crazy. B) They're troublemakers. C) They love football very much. D) They contribute all their lives to football. Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard. 26. A) How depression affects women's health. B) How depression in mothers affects their babies' weight. C) How to get rid of depression. D) How to better feed low weight babies. 27. A) About half of the women being studied suffered from depression. B) Babies whose mothers had been depressed were more likely to get depressed when they grew up. C) Babies whose mothers remained depressed were more likely to be ill. D) Babies whose mothers remained depressed cried more at night. 28. A) They offer them a training program about child care. B) They listen to the mother's troubles and give her advice. C) They take care of the baby when his mother is in depression. D) They show new mothers how to take care of the baby. Passage Two Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard. 29. A) The weather. B) The corrosion of the river. C) People in search of stone as building materials. D) Bad planning. 30. A) Their being built up of stones. B) The shape of the pyramids. C) People's taking good care of them. D) Effective measures to protect them. 31. A) By studying the pictures of them. B) By studying the written material of them. C) By examining them and the tools used to build them. D) By examining the structure of them. Passage Three Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard. 32. A) Three groups of learners. B) The importance of business English. C) English for Specific Purposes. D) Features of English for different purposes. 33. A) They want to change the way English is taught. B) They know clearly what they want to learn. C) They want to have an up-to-date knowledge of English. D) They learn English to find well-paid jobs. 34. A) College students. B) Professionals. C) Beginners. D) Intermediate learners. 35. A) Courses for businessmen. B) Courses for doctors. C) Courses for reporters. D) Courses for lawyers. Section C Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. A new report says the Himalayan mountains are threatened by the warming of the Earth's climate. The report says human activities are partly (36) for the warming temperatures. The climate changes (37) people's lives, the local economy and the (38) . The Himalayas are the highest mountain system in the world. A team of mountain (39) from Britain, New zealand and Chile recently travelled to the Himalayas. They (40) information about the environment. They spoke to local people and other travellers about the condition of the world's most famous mountains. Their findings (41) the above report. They found that warmer weather has been (42) huge mountains of ice in the Himalayas. These melting glaciers (冰河) are creating lakes that could overflow and flood wide areas. Temperatures in the area have risen one degree Celsius during the past thirty years. Satellite maps show that the glaciers are (43) at a rate of thirty to forty meters each year. The study identified almost 5,000 glacier lakes in Nepal and Bhutan. (44) . UN officials say this flooding could have serious effects on local communities and the environment. (45) . Observers say community action is helping to restore the mountain environment. (46) . UN officials say the glacier melt in the Himalayas should be a warning to industrial countries to reduce heat-trapping gases that cause global warming. Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, there is a passage with 10 blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. A coeducational (男女合校的) school offers children nothing less than a true version of society in miniature (缩影). Boys and girls are given the (47) to get to know each other, to learn to live together from their earliest years. They are put in a position where they can compare themselves with each other in terms of (48) ability, athletic achievement and many of the extracurricular activities which are part of school life. What a practical (49) it is (to give just a small example) to be able to put on a school play in which the male parts will be taken by boys and the female parts by girls! What nonsense coeducation makes of the argument that boys are cleverer than girls or vice versa. When (50) , boys and girls are made to feel that they are a race apart. In a coeducational school, everything falls into its (51) place. The greatest contribution of coeducation is (52) the healthy attitude to life it encourages. Boys don't grow up believing that women are (53) creatures. Girls don't grow up imagining that men are romantic heroes. Years of living together at school remove illusions of this kind. The awkward stage of adolescence brings into sharp focus some of the physical and (54) problems involved in growing up. These can better be (55) in a coeducational environment. When the time comes for the pupils to leave school, they are fully prepared to (56) society as well-adjusted adults. They have already had years of experience in coping with many of the problems that face men and women. A) advantage I) enter B) proper J) mysterious C) rewarded K) eventually D) emotional L) segregated E) opportunity M) undoubtedly F) activity N) principle G) overcome O) advocate H) academic Section B Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C), and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage One Internet voting happens all the time, but usually it's confined to topics such as "Who is the cutest cast member of Party of Five?" Soon, however, people will be able to cast their ballots for President on the Internet. In March, Arizona Democrats will vote online in their state's presidential primary, and Florida and Washington are considering online voting. The military plans to allow a small test group of overseas soldiers to vote via the Internet this November. The Internet voting is growing rapidly. There are civic (市民的) engagement enthusiasts who see it as a way to prevent the drop in voter turnout. Then there are the Internet fans, who think the Internet is going to change everything, so why not politics? Most important are the people who make the plan for developing software for online voting. Imagine the retail price of that software, then multiply it by every state and city government, and suddenly a lot of Internet capitalists develop a deeply felt concern for increasing voter turnout. Some problems will arise. Hackers and some Politicians could break into a voting database and make the secret ballot not so secret. A massive computer failure would have disastrous consequences. Just as serious, online voting could distort participation levels, at least, to the wealthy and cyber-connected. In the long run, however, online voting might make little difference. Since the 1960s, the government has made numerous attempts to energize nonvoters by making it easier for them to get to the polls, extending voting hours, lowering the voting age, etc. Still, voter turnout has decreased steadily. Political scientists believe the important cause is indifference and dislike to politics, not the inconvenience of voting. Putting a ballot on the Internet might even further depress turnout by cheapening one of the holy ceremonies of democracy. "The business of democracy," says Curtis Gans, an analyst of voting behaviour, "shouldn't be the same as getting your e-mail." 57. The word "ballot" (Line 2, Para.1) most probably means ______. A) vote B) ball C) dance D) voter 58. Internet voting is growing rapidly because of all of the following EXCEPT that ______. A) civic engagement enthusiasts regard it as a way to prevent the drop in voter turnout B) Internet fans think the Internet is going to change everything including politics C) some people make the plan for developing software for online voting D) some capitalists are very much concerned about the voter turnout 59. Which of the following is NOT a problem that will arise in Internet voting? A) People will gain unauthorized access to a database. B) Online voting system may be distorted. C) Participants will be mainly wealthy and cyber-connected people. D) Computer failure. 60. According to political scientists, the important cause for decreased voter turnout is ______. A) the lack of interest in politics B) the inconvenience of voting C) the lack of regulations D) the limited voting hours 61. What does Curtis Gans think of the Internet voting? A) It is not serious to vote by means of the Internet. B) Internet voting is a natural behaviour just like sending an e-mail. C) Government should make the polls easier for voters to get to. D) Fewer and fewer people are interested in Internet voting. Passage Two One greater benefit of the Web is that it allows us to move information online that now resides in paper form. Electronic commerce is increasing steadily. It is difficult to measure, because a lot of electronic commerce involves existing buyers and sellers who are simply moving paper-based transactions to the Web. That is not new business. Microsoft, for example, purchases millions of dollars of PCs online instead of by paper. However, that is not a fundamental change; it has just improved the efficiency of an existing process. The biggest impact has occurred where electronic commerce matches buyers and sellers who would not previously have found each other. That is a new type of commerce. Today, about half of all PCs are still not connected to the Web. Getting communications costs down and making all the software simpler will bring in those people. And that, in turn, will move us closer to the critical mass that will make the Web lifestyle everyone's lifestyle. The boundary between a television set and a PC will be blurred (使模糊) because even the set-top box (机顶 盒) that you connect up to your cable or satellite will have a processor more powerful than what we have today in the most expensive PC. This will, in effect, make your television a computer. Interaction with the Web also will improve, making it much easier for people to be involved. Today the keywords we use to search the Web often display too many articles to sort through, many of them out of context. If you want to learn about the fastest computer chip available, you might end up getting responses instead about potato chips being delivered in fast trucks. If you ask about the speed of chips, the result will be about computers, not potatoes. To predict that it will take over ten years for these changes to happen is probably pessimistic. We usually overestimate what we can do in two years and underestimate what we can do in ten. The Web will be as much a way of life as the car by 2008 or even earlier. 62. Electronic commerce becomes a new type of commerce when ______. A) paper-based trading is moved on to the Web B) the efficiency of the existing process is improved by the Internet C) a Web site offers more goods than a store D) new buyers and sellers find each other on the Internet 63. One of the reasons why half of PCs are not connected to the Web is that ______. A) the software is not user-friendly B) people have no interest in the Web C) the Web information is not reliable D) people are too busy to get connected to the Web 64. The use of computer will be much more widespread when ______. A) the boundary between the computer and the TV disappears B) electronic commerce brings about a fundamental change C) computer and communication become simpler and cheaper D) governments begin to move administration online 65. The example of potato chips in the passage is used to illustrate ______. A) the Web's ineffective interaction B) the Web's too much information C) the Web's lack of speed D) the Web's inaccurate response 66. In this passage the author is trying to show that ______. A) everyone will be able to use computer and the Web by 2008 B) computers will be able to recognize speech in 10-year time C) the use of the Web will become more common and easier in the future D) interaction with the Web will become easier to manage Part Ⅴ Cloze (15 minutes) Directions: There are 2O blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Businesses large and (67) ,now realize that physical work space influences employee behaviour. (68) , businesses are redesigning their buildings and offices with the intent of offering their employees better working environment. As firms (69) their offices, they focus on three main factors that have a strong impact (70) employee behaviour: how much space employees have, how the space is arranged, and how much (71) employees have. Historically, the amount of space an employee had was (72) related to his or her position. The higher an individual was in an organization, (73) the office he or she typically got. That, (74) , no longer seems to be true. As organizations seek to develop more equality, the trends have been toward reducing space (75) to specific employees, and making more space (76) for groups or teams to meet in. According to recent (77) , the amount of personal office space organizations give to administrative employees has (78) by 25 to 50 percent over the past decade. This change is (79) in part to economies. Space costs money (80) reducing space cuts costs. But a lot of this reduction can be (81) to changes in the organizations. As jobs have been redesigned and traditional hierarchies( 等 级 制 度 )replaced (82) teamwork, the need for large offices has lessened. Today, an increasing number of organizations are changing closed offices to cubicles (小隔间) which are (83) in size. Research has shown that people are more likely to (84) with those individuals who are physically close to them. Employees' work location, (85) , are likely to influence the information (86) they are exposed. 67. A) modern C) small B) advanced D) beneficial 68. A) To be exact B) Generally speaking C) For example D) As a result 69. A) redesign C) restore B) reshape D) rebuild 70. A) to C) for B) on D) at 71. A) ability C) privacy B) skill D) money 72. A) primarily C) probably B) previously D) consequently 73. A) the larger C) the smaller B) the less D) the better 74. A) though C) however B) therefore D) accordingly 75. A) directed C) demanded B) dedicated D) delivered 76. A) attainable C) considerable B) reliable D) available 77. A) estimates C) principles B) regulations D) practices 78. A) enlarged C) shrunk B) expanded D) altered 79. A) caused C) due B) made D) dedicated 80. A) though C) so B) and D) as 81. A) dated C) changed B) followed D) traced 82. A) for C) as B) with D) to 83. A) large C) constant B) various D) nice 84. A) interact C) involve B) speak D) relate 85. A) in addition C) therefore B) what's more D) however 86. A) at which C) by which B) for which D) to which Part Ⅵ Translation (5 minutes) Directions: Complete the sentences on Answer Sheet 2 by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets. 87. Your father is the president of the bank, but that doesn't mean ________________(你有资格在这里工作). 88. Only by working at evenings and weekends ________________(他才能完成报告) by the deadline. 89. ________________(其他条件相同的情况下), a man who expresses himself effectively is sure to succeed more rapidly than a man whose command of language is poor. 90. ________________(就经济发展而言), China has made outstanding achievement in the past twenty years. 91. They ________________(一定是误了火车), otherwise they should have arrived here two hours ago. 参考答案 Test 1 Part Ⅰ Writing Should Private Cars Be Encouraged in China? As China has greatly developed both in industry and in economy, the number of people who own private cars is on the rise. And there are two different views on this phenomenon. Some people argue that private cars can bring convenience and mobility to the owners. If more people buy cars, automobile industry will develop dramatically. What's more, the growth of automobile industry can trigger the boom of other important industries such as iron and steel, energy and technological application. In short, they are in favor of developing private cars. However, others hold that automobiles will give rise to a series of problems such as more serious environmental pollution, more traffic accidents and more energy consumption. Besides, there are 1.2 billion people in China. If every family owns a car, there would be too many cars running on this land, which will certainly lead to traffic congestion and pose threat to the existence of people. Therefore, they are against developing private cars in China. Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) 1. Y 2. Y 3. N 4. N 5. Y 6. NG 7. N 8. finger, pen or pencil 9. laptop or LCD screens 10. department stores Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension Section A 11.D 12. C 13. B 14. C 15. B 16. D 17. A 18. C 19. C 20. C 21. D 22. B 23. D 24. B 25. C Section B 26. B 27. C 28. B 29. C 30. B 31. C 32. C 33. B 34. B 35. A Section C 36. responsible 37. threaten 38. environment 39. climbers 40. gathered 41. confirmed 42. melting 43. shrinking 44. Researchers say forty-four of these lakes could overflow during the next five years. 45. However, they say it may be possible to remove water from the lakes before they overflow and use that water to create energy. 46. However, researchers say the Himalayas have been harmed by an increase in visitors to the area, over-cutting of trees and other environmental destruction. Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) Section A 47. E 48. H 49. A 50. L 51. B 52. M 53. J 54. D 55. G 56. I Section B 57. A 58. D 59. B 60. A 61. A 62. D 63. A 64. C 65. D 66. C Part Ⅴ Cloze 67. C 68. D 69. A 70. B 71. C 72. A 73. A 74. C 75. B 76. D 77. A 78. C 79. C 80. B 81. D 82. B 83. C 84. A 85. C 86. D Part Ⅵ Translation 87. you are entitled to work here 88. was/is he able to complete the report 89. Other things being equal 90. As far as the economic development is concerned 91. must have missed the train 录音文本 Test 1 Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. 11. M: Mrs. Smith, thanks very much for coming to the station. Could you describe the man who robbed the bank this morning? W: Well, I can only remember that the man was tall and he had dark hair. Q: What's the probable relationship between the two speakers? 12. M: Was the movie as good as you had expected? W: It's well worth the ticket. You should have gone with us. Q: How does the woman feel about the movie? 13.W: I heard that your boss's going to give you a vacation as a reward for your wonderful performance during this year. M: I hope not. I would prefer to have a promotion and less working hours. Q: What does the man want? 14. M: John has found a new job. He has to deliver a lot of letters every day. W: Poor man, he must be terribly fed up with it. Q: What does the woman say about John? 15. M: Did Henry have any plan to buy a car since his new house is too far away from his office? W: Oh, that's beyond his means. Q: What do we know about Henry? 16. W: I want to take a bath before going to bed. Could you keep an eye on the baby, honey? M: Sure, should I feed him if he wakes up? Q: What does the woman ask the man to do? 17. M: Will Jack come to the party with us this evening? W: He said if only he had finished his lab report he would be joining us with pleasure. Q: What is Jack going to do? 18. M: This journal is quite interesting. How much does it cost? W: I don't know exactly because I have subscribed to it. Though each issue comes a few days later by mail, it costs about 25 percent less overall. Q: Why did the woman subscribe to the journal? Now you'll hear two long conversations. Conversation One W: Good evening and welcome to tonight's program. Our guest is Dr. Charles Adams, who is well-known for his research in the area of language learning. M: It's a pleasure to be here. W: Now, Dr. Adams, tell us about your new book. M: Well, the name of it is Learning a Language over Eggs and Toast. W: Could you tell us about the title? M: Well, one of the most important keys to learning another language is to establish a regular study program, like planning a few minutes every morning around breakfast time. W: Now, sorry for saying this, but your ideas may sound a little simplistic to our viewers. M: Well, I'm not implying that we can become fluent speakers in a matter of a few minutes here and there, but rather following a regular, consistent, and focused course of study can help us on the way to language mastery. W: So what are some of the basic keys you are suggesting in the book? M: Well, as I just mentioned, people need to plan out their study by setting realistic and attainable goals from the beginning. And small steps, little by little, are the key. And as I have mentioned in my book, you can maximize your learning potential by learning about your own individual learning style. W: Well, Dr. Adams. What is your learning style? M: Well, I'm a very tactile learner. W: You mean one who learns through hands-on experience? M: Exactly. W: So what is my learning style? M: Well, you're going to have to read my book to find that out. W: Okay. Thanks for joining us. M: My pleasure. Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 19. Where does this interview most probably take place? 20. According to Dr. Adams, what is one of the most important points in learning a foreign language? 21. What is true about finding out one's individual learning style? 22. Which point is NOT mentioned in the interview? Conversation Two W: What sports do you often go in for, Mr. Clinton? M: Oh, football—both kinds, you know, soccer and rugby. I play quite a bit of cricket, too. Do you like sports, too, Miss Li? W: Yes, very much. I play basketball, but my favourite sport is table-tennis. What's your favourite sport? M: Mine is football. It's the best way to build up your health, I think. W: That's true. I'm interested in it, too. M: Is football very popular in China now? W: Not really. In fact, only in recent years have people taken an interest in football. It's getting more and more popular, though. What about watching the football match tomorrow evening? I've got two tickets. M: Why, yes, that'll be nice. Thank you. W: By the way, people say in Britain there are many football fans behaving as troublemakers. Is that true? M: Yes, sometimes. In fact, only a few get out of control. W: British people have a keen interest in the game, as I can see. M: Right! Football fans are so dedicated that they travel hundreds of miles to see their favourite team in action and cheer it on to victory. Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 23. What is the main topic of the conversation? 24. What does the woman say about the present situation of football in China? 25. What does the man think of British football fans? Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage One Some mental health research has linked depression in women with lower weight in their babies during the first year of life. They studied 632 women from small villages. The women were in good physical health and in the last three months of pregnancy. The study identified 160 of the women, or one in four, as depressed. They always felt sad or tired. They had problems eating or sleeping. They felt guilty and thought about killing themselves. The researchers compared these women with 160 others who were not depressed. Health workers then weighed and measured the babies of both groups at birth. Re-examinations took place at two, six and twelve months of age. The health workers also re-examined the mental health of the mothers. Babies whose mothers remained depressed grew less than the babies of the other women. The babies of the depressed mothers were also more likely to get sick. Earlier studies showed that ten to fifteen percent of pregnant women and new mothers in Western nations suffer from depression. Other studies in South Asia have found that depression affects almost two times as many women in developing countries. A new program will be started to help these new mothers. In the program health workers will visit new mothers for up to a year. The workers offer advice about things like health and cleanliness. The health workers will also listen to the mother's problems and suggest some easy things at first that she can do for her baby. The program will be tested for three years to see how well it succeeds. Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard. 26. What is the research mainly about? 27. Which of the following is a finding of the research? 28. What do the health workers do to help the depressed women according to the passage? Passage Two The oldest stone buildings in the world are the pyramids. They have stood for nearly 5,000 years, and it seems likely that they will continue to stand for thousands of years yet. There are over eighty of them scattered along the banks of the Nile, some of which are different in shape from the true pyramids. Some of the pyramids still look much as they must have done when they were built thousands of years ago. Most of the damage suffered by others has been at the hands of men who were looking for treasure or, more often, for stone to use in modern buildings. The dry climate of Egypt has helped to preserve the pyramids, and their very shape has made them less likely to fall into ruin. These are good reasons why they can still be seen today, but perhaps the most important is that they were planned to last forever. It is practically certain that plans were made for the building of the pyramids because the plans of other large works have fortunately been preserved. However, there are no writings or pictures to show us how the Egyptians planned or built the pyramids themselves. Consequently, we are only able to guess the methods used. Nevertheless, by examining the actual pyramids and various tools which have been found, archaeologists have formed a fairly clear picture of them. Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard. 29. What caused the damage to some of the pyramids? 30. What helped to preserve the pyramids? 31. How can we guess at the methods used to build the pyramids? Passage Three There are three groups of English learners: beginners, intermediate learners, and learners of special English. Beginners need to learn the basics of English. Students who have reached an intermediate level benefit from learning general English skills. But what about students who want to learn specialist English for their work or professional life? Most students, who fit into this third group have a clear idea about what they want to learn. A bank clerk, for example, wants to use this specialist vocabulary and technical terms of finance. But for teachers, deciding how to teach specialist English is not always so easy. For a start, the variety is enormous. Every field from airline pilots to secretaries has its own vocabulary and technical terms. Teachers also need to have an up-to-date knowledge of that specialist language, and not many teachers are exposed to working environments outside the classroom. These issues have influenced the way specialist English is taught in schools. This type of course is usually known as English for Specific Purposes, or ESP and there are ESP courses for almost every area of professional and working life. In Britain, for example, there are courses which teach English for doctors, lawyers, reporters, travel agents and people working in the hotel industry. By far, the most popular ESP courses are for business English. Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard. 32. What is the speaker mainly talking about? 33. What is the characteristic of learners of special English? 34. Who needs ESP courses most? 35. What are the most popular ESP courses in Britain? Section C Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46you are required to fill in the missing information, For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. A new report says the Himalayan mountains are threatened by the warming of the Earth's climate. The report says human activities are partly (36)responsible for the warming temperatures. The climate changes (37)threaten people's lives, the local economy and the (38)environment. The Himalayas are the highest mountain system in the world. A team of mountain (39)climbers from Britain, New Zealand and Chile recently travelled to the Himalayas. They (40)gathered information about the environment. They spoke to local people and other travellers about the condition of the world's most famous mountains. Their findings (41)confirmed the above report. They found that warmer weather has been (42)melting huge mountains of ice in the Himalayas. These melting glaciers are creating lakes that could overflow and flood wide areas. Temperatures in the area have risen one degree Celsius during the past thirty years. Satellite maps show that the glaciers are (43)shrinking at a rate of thirty to forty meters each year. The study identified almost 5,000 glacier lakes in Nepal and Bhutan. (44)Researchers say forty-four of these lakes could overflow during the next five years. UN officials say this flooding could have serious effects on local communities and the environment. (45)However, they say it may be possible to remove water from the lakes before they overflow and use that water to create energy. Observers say community action is helping to restore the mountain environment. (46) However, researchers say the Himalayas have been harmed by an increase in visitors to the area, over-cutting of trees and other environmental destruction. UN officials say the glacier melt in the Himalayas should be a warning to industrial countries to reduce heat-trapping gases that cause global warming.