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Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan Scoping Report _April 2010 _

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Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan Scoping Report _April 2010 _ Powered By Docstoc
					London Borough of
Newham
Stratford Metropolitan
Masterplan
Sustainability Appraisal
and Strategic
Environmental
Assessment Draft
Scoping Report
Black
                                                 London Borough of
                                                 Newham
                                                 Stratford Metropolitan
                                                 Masterplan
                                                 Sustainability Appraisal
                                                 and Strategic
                                                 Environmental
                                                 Assessment Draft
                                                 Scoping Report



                                                 April 2010




                                                      This report takes into account the
                                                      particular instructions and requirements
                                                      of our client.
                                                      It is not intended for and should not be
                                                      relied upon by any third party and no
                                                      responsibility is undertaken to any third
Ove Arup & Partners Ltd                               party
13 Fitzroy Street, London W1T 4BQ
Tel +44 (0)20 7636 1531 Fax +44 (0)20 775 ____
www.arup.com                                          Job number         600126-56
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                             Draft Scoping Report


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                             Name              Oliver Cannon             Jenny Dunwoody             Jenny Dunwoody

                             Signature


Client         12/04/10      Filename          Metropolitan Stratford SA Scoping Report ISSUE 02.doc
Issue 02
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                             Name              Oliver Cannon             Jenny Dunwoody             Laurie Richards

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London Borough of Newham                                                                           Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan
                                              Sustainability Appraisal and Strategic Environmental Assessment Draft Scoping Report



       Contents
                                                                                                                                 Page
       1         Introduction                                                                                                       1
                 1.1          Introduction                                                                                             1
                 1.2          Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan                                                                        1
                 1.3          Sustainability Appraisal and Strategic Environmental Assessment                                          2
                 1.4          SA Process                                                                                               2
                 1.5          Scoping Report                                                                                           6
                 1.6          How to Comment on this Report                                                                            6
       2         Task A1: Other Plans, Policies and Programmes                                                                         9
       3         Tasks A2: Baseline Information                                                                                      10
       4         Task A3: Key Sustainability Issues and Problems                                                                     17
       5         Task A4: Sustainability Appraisal Framework                                                                         25
                 5.2          Sustainability Objectives                                                                              25
       6         Task A5: Next Steps: Consulting on the Scope of the SA                                                              31
       7         References                                                                                                          40




       Appendices
       Appendix A
       Plans, Policies and Programmes To Inform the Metropolitan Masterplan SPD/AAP




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                                                  Sustainability Appraisal and Strategic Environmental Assessment Draft Scoping Report



          1         Introduction
          1.1       Introduction

          1.1.1     This Scoping Report has been prepared by Ove Arup and Partners (“Arup”), working with
                    the London Borough of Newham and is the first stage of the Sustainability Appraisal
                    process for the Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan (“the Masterplan”). The Masterplan
                    may be adopted as either a Development Plan Document (DPD) such as an Area Action
                    Plan (AAP), or as a Supplementary Planning Document (SPD). The approach towards
                    undertaking the SA process on DPDs or SPDs is similar and the SA approach set out in
                    this Scoping report will be appropriate to both types of plan.

          1.1.2     This Scoping Report should be read in conjunction with LB Newham’s Scoping Reports
                    for its Sustainability Appraisal and Strategic Environmental Assessments of its Core
                    Strategy, and the Lower Lea Valley AAP, both published in November 2007.

          1.2       Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan

          1.2.1     Stratford is located within the River Lea catchment and falls within the administrative
                    boundaries of LB Newham. Located approximately 3km north of Canary Wharf and south
                    of Leyton, Stratford can be easily identified by the A11 ring road (TQ 39159 84551). The
                    boundary of the Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan is denoted by the red line in Figure 1.


                    Figure 1 Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan Area (Stratford and Lower Lea Valley AAP boundary
                    shown in black)




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          1.2.2     This highly urbanised area within Stratford is subject to the proposed masterplan, which
                    will consider the whole Metropolitan Stratford area, and part of the Olympic Park site
                    around the aquatic centre. Within the red line boundary is the town centre and adjacent
                    areas that are considered to have strong development potential. Major developments
                    such as Stratford City and the Olympic Park venues are under construction. The majority
                    of the Masterplan boundary lies within the Stratford and New Town Ward boundary, whilst
                    a small eastern portion of the Masterplan lies within the borough Wards of Forest Gate
                    North and Forest Gate South.

          1.3       Sustainability Appraisal and Strategic Environmental Assessment

          1.3.1     Sustainability Appraisal is a requirement of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act
                    (2004) and Strategic Environmental Assessment is required under European Directive
                    EC/2001/42, which was transposed into UK law by the Environmental Assessment
                                                                                                              i
                    Regulations for Plans and Programmes (July 2004). Governance guidance (ODPM 2005 )
                    has merged this process to allow for a single joint appraisal (SA/SEA) to be carried out.
                    For the purpose of this document, this integrated appraisal will be referred to as
                    Sustainability Appraisal (SA).
                                                                                              ii
          1.3.2     New government guidance on SA was published in 2009 which updates the 2005
                    guidance. The update which follows changes to PPS12 and the Regulations to streamline
                    the development of DPDs. Using the SA methodology in the 2005 guidance appears to
                    have remained standard practice and is therefore still relevant.

          1.3.3     The Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan will be adopted either as a Development Plan
                    Document (ie site specific allocation or policy, or Area Action Plan (AAP)), or a
                    Supplementary Planning Document (SPD). The processes by which SA is undertaken for
                    Local Development Plan Documents ( ie DPDs) and SPDs are given in Sections 3 and 4
                    of the ODPM Guidance respectively. The difference between the two documents is that
                    DPDs have statutory status (under the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004) as
                    development plans under the Act, and must undergo independent examination relating to
                    soundness of the plan before adoption. SPDs form part of the planning framework for an
                    area, but have no statutory status and cannot be used to allocate land. The development
                    of both DPDs and SPDs however include the requirement to undergo public consultation
                    on the draft DPD/SPD and associated SA.

          1.4       SA Process

          1.4.1     Sustainability Appraisal is an integral part of good plan making and should not be seen as
                    a separate activity. Its purpose is to promote sustainable development by integrating
                    sustainability considerations into plans. By testing each plan policy against every
                    sustainability objective, SA assesses and reports the likely significant effects of the plan
                    and the opportunities for improving the social, environmental and economic conditions by
                    implementing the plan.

          1.4.2     Sustainability Appraisal should cover several criteria:
                     The long term view of how the area covered by the plan is expected to develop;
                     A mechanism for ensuring that sustainability objectives are translated into sustainable
                      policies;
                     Reflect global, national, regional and local concerns;
                     Provide an audit trail of how the plan has been revised to take into account the findings
                      of the SA;
                     Form an integral part of all stages of plan preparation;
                     Incorporate the requirements of the SEA Directive.


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          1.4.3     Figures 2-3 show the processes by which SA is undertaken alongside developing DPDs
                    and SPDs whilst Figures 4-5 show the SA stages required to be carried out in each case.
                    The SA processes are very similar with the exception that the DPDs require independent
                    examination of the Sustainability Report before adoption and therefore is often a longer
                    process than adopting an SPD.




                  Figure 2 The DPD Preparation Process




                  Figure 3 The SPD Preparation Process




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                  Figure 4: Incorporating SA within the DPD Process




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                  Figure 5: Incorporating SA within the SPD Process




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          1.5       Scoping Report

          1.5.1     This scoping report comprises part of the first stage (“Stage A”) of the SA process
                    required to develop either a DPD or SPD, shown in Figures 2 and 3. This Scoping Report
                    aims to set out the parameters within which the SA will be carried out, and will build upon
                    the existing SA for LB Newham’s Core Strategy. The aims of the Scoping Report are
                    therefore:
                     To identify baseline environmental, social and economic characteristics of the area in
                       terms of sustainability;
                     To identify any other relevant plans, programmes and policies and their relationship to
                      the Masterplan;
                     To identify any new plans, policies or programmes that have emerged since the SA for
                      the Core Strategy was published in November 2007;
                     To identify key issues, problems or sustainability policy objectives that are relevant to
                      the Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan;
                     To provide a sustainability framework against which the components of the Masterplan
                      can be tested;
                     To highlight any gaps in information or difficulties encountered throughout the process
                      of incorporating SA.

          1.5.2     The majority of the Masterplan boundary lies within the boundary of the Stratford and
                    Lower Lea Valley AAP. Therefore the SA framework for the Stratford and Lower Lea
                    Valley AAP has been used as the basis for the Masterplan SA Framework.

          1.5.3     The Stratford and Lower Lea Valley (S&LLV) AAP SA Framework has been drawn upon
                    to reflect site-specific baseline conditions and key issues, taking account of relevant
                    policies, plans and programmes published since 2007 when the S&LLV AAP was
                    published. This Scoping Report presents the relevant site specific evidence and
                    documents due process of reviewing the Stratford S&LLV AAP SA Framework. The SA
                    Scoping Report will then be circulated to statutory consultees for comment. Key
                    questions for consideration are highlighted throughout the report.

          1.6       How to Comment on this Report

                    To comment on this report please write to:
                    Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan
                    Spatial Planning & Regeneration Policy
                    Newham Dockside
                    First Floor West Wing
                    London E16 2QU
                    Alternatively, email at ldf@newham.gov.uk. This document can be found on the
                    Council's website at www.newham.gov.uk/Planning/LocalDevelopmentFramework.
          1.6.1     The main objectives of the Masterplan, as outlined in the project brief (LB Newham,
                        iii
                    2009 , include the following:
                    Transport and movement
                     Support physical, social and economic integration of existing and new communities
                      and find practical solutions to infrastructure barriers that divide new developments from
                      the existing urban fabric.
                     Create a more pedestrian and cycle friendly environment and reduce the impact of
                      vehicular traffic throughout the area, but particularly in the conservation area, ideally
                      including pedestrianisation of a section of the Broadway.
                    Housing
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                     Intensify land use, particularly in areas of highest public transport accessibility while
                      enhancing character.
                     Help to inform decisions about locations for the release of industrial land for more
                      intensive uses.
                     An increase in the number of dwellings.
                     An appropriate mix of dwelling sizes, tenures and types to meet future housing needs,
                      to create areas with different characters and to support a wider social mix.
                    Economic development
                     Ensure the economic benefits of developments at Stratford City and in the Olympic
                      Park spread to the rest of the area.
                     Capture more of the spending power of local residents, employees, visitors and users
                      of the transport interchange.
                     Maintain convenience shopping offer for local residents.
                     Develop independent retailing and food and shops/stalls reflecting the diverse local
                      community.
                     Support small businesses, particularly local services, growing businesses, social
                      enterprises and creative and cultural industries.
                     Create a ‘learning hub’ centred around flexible Higher and Further Education facilities,
                      including integration of a proposed new Birkbeck College / University of East London
                      facility on Salway Road.
                     Bring visitors to all quarters of the new Metropolitan Stratford including the ‘old town’.
                      To include consideration of the potential for major visitor attractions.
                     Support the development of the evening economy while minimising negative impacts,
                      for example noise, crime and disturbance to residents.
                     Define the potential of Stratford as an office location and enhance that potential
                      through provision of a high quality environment, leisure and entertainment offer and a
                      suitably skilled local workforce.
                     Develop proposals to improve access to existing and new employment and business
                      opportunities for local and wider East London residents.
                     Consider the opportunities for technology to create economic advantage e.g. through a
                      Wi-Fi zone in the town centre.
                    Environmental Strategy
                     Incorporate principles of good urban design as set out in national guidance.
                     Improved access to high quality, usable open and play spaces for local residents.
                     Design out opportunities for crime.
                     Maintain and improve the ecology of the area, particularly along the River Lea corridor.
                     Minimise the risk of flooding in line with Planning Policy Statement 25.




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                    Community infrastructure
                     Incorporate appropriate social and community infrastructure to meet the needs of the
                      growing population.
                     Ensure wherever possible that infrastructure is located between existing and new
                      residents to support integration.
                     Improve delivery of public and community services e.g. through co-location.
                    Financial Strategy
                     Extract optimum value from any redevelopment of council owned sites.
                     Generate value through new developments to contribute to the costs of the significant
                      new infrastructure needed, particularly to improve connectivity across the area.
                    The project brief also provided the following area-specific objectives:
                    Existing town centre
                     Develop a distinctive identify and offer for the existing town centre based on its
                      strengths.
                     Consider the potential for a traffic-free ‘old town’ area centred on the St John’s
                      Conservation Area to maximise the benefits of the area’s built heritage.
                     Support the transition of the old town into a more mixed use area in response to the
                      new shopping centre at Stratford City.
                     Support comprehensive redevelopment of the island site to allow a more permeable
                      town centre, increase densities, broader mix of uses and improve access to the cultural
                      quarter and historic old town area.
                     Find effective ways of addressing the barriers to movement of Great Eastern Road and
                      the railway lines, particularly in terms of access between Stratford City and the existing
                      town centre.
                     Accommodate convenience shopping while also seeking to provide an appropriate built
                      form and environment to attract higher value ‘niche’ and BME-owned retailing (this
                      could include a market hall).
                     Accommodate leisure uses and community services / facilities so that the town centre
                      is a focus of activity for the local community.
                     Integrate Higher & Further Education uses into the town centre (including the
                      University of East London’s Stratford Campus and potential new Birkbeck College
                      proposals for Salway Road) to add to the vitality and diversity of the centre.
                     Propose key improvements to the public realm, building on the Stratford Town Centre
                      Public Realm project.
                     Address community safety concerns, particularly at night.
                     Review, and incorporate as appropriate, previous masterplan proposals for
                      improvements to the ‘gateways’ to the town centre.
                    Maryland Station
                     Maximise the opportunities presented by the proposed Crossrail stop at Maryland
                      Station by improving access to the station (including from University of East London’s
                      Stratford Campus), increasing densities around the station and improving the
                      environment, retail and local service offer.


                    Stratford High Street

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                     Ensure the eastern section of the High Street provides a strong entranceway to
                      Stratford old town, building on the Stratford High Street public realm improvements
                      project.
                     Achieve greater coherence of built form along high street frontages.
                     Identify the appropriate mix of uses and densities for different sites along the High
                      Street based on flood risk, public transport accessibility and urban design
                      considerations.
                     Review existing masterplan proposals for the High Street itself and adjacent areas
                      including Pudding Mill Lane and Sugar House Lane, with an emphasis on knitting
                      together the proposals into a comprehensive and coherent network of streets,
                      waterways, footpaths and public spaces.
                    Carpenters Estate
                     Develop and test options for the future of Carpenters, from ‘do nothing beyond existing
                      demolitions’, through partial redevelopment to comprehensive redevelopment.
                     Improve integration with adjacent areas in terms of pedestrian movement, uses, urban
                      design and public realm, in particular the old town, Stratford City and the Olympic Site
                      in legacy.
                     Review and propose revisions to the Olympic Legacy Masterplan proposals for the
                      environs of the Aquatic Centre to integrate better with Carpenters.
                     Effectively address the severance caused by Carpenters Road and Warton Road.
                     Generate sufficient value through development to support improvements to
                      infrastructure including a western entrance to Stratford Regional Station and
                      improvements to the underpass (or an alternative route) to the Olympic site via
                      Carpenters Road.
                     Consider the best location for the Carpenters and Dockland Centre as a key service in
                      Western Stratford.



          2         Task A1: Other Plans, Policies and Programmes
          2.1.1     The Core Strategy and SLLV AAP SA Scoping Report included a full review of plans,
                    policies and programmes, which have been taken into account in the development of the
                    SA Frameworks on which the Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan draft SA Framework is
                    based. Therefore this review has not been duplicated for the purpose of this Scoping
                    Report.

          2.1.2     A review has been undertaken of additional local policies, plans and programmes that are
                    specific to the Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan site and any significant national or
                    regional sustainability policy documents released since the Core Strategy and S&LLV
                    AAP SA Scoping Reports were completed in 2007. This is contained in Appendix A,
                    together with the review of plans, policies and programmes undertaken for the Core
                    Strategy SA and the S&LLV AAP.

                                                              Question for consideration
                     Q1. Are there other relevant policies, plans and programmes that will affect or influence
                     the Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan SA which have not been included?




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          3         Tasks A2: Baseline Information
          3.1.1     This section of the report provides a qualitative assessment of Stratford Town Centre
                    today as a basis for predicting and monitoring the effects of implementing the Masterplan.
                    Where relevant, trends are identified in order to understand the likely future situation
                    without the Masterplan in place.
                                            iv
                    Social/ Economic

          3.1.2     The baseline information below summarises information contained in the socio-economic
                                                                                                v
                    data contained in the Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan Evidence Base Report .

          3.1.3     The population of Stratford and New Town Ward (“the Ward”) is recorded as 16,074 in
                    2008, which equates to a significant population increase from 2001 of around 30%. This
                    compares with a 32.8% increase in the population within Newham as a whole. The
                    population of the Ward is expected to rise significantly between 2010 and 2020 by 166%
                    to 54,634.

          3.1.4     By comparison with London as a whole, Newham has a young population as does the
                    Ward. The Ward area is characterised by a relatively young population with a quarter of
                    the population within the 0-19 age group and this figure is set to increase to nearly 31%
                    by 2031. The GLA forecasts that 20 to 34 year olds will form over 46% of the Ward’s
                    population by 2011 and that over 70% of the Ward population will be aged under 35.

          3.1.5     Both the Borough and the Ward have an exceptionally diverse mix of ethnic and faith
                    communities although no Ward level figures have been available since the 2001 census.

          3.1.6     Newham still has a high level of deprivation as measured by the Government’s Indices of
                    Multiple Deprivation (IMD). Of the eight Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs) in the
                    Masterplan area, three of these were ranked in the top 10% most deprived nationally, and
                    all four are in the top 20% deprived nationally.

          3.1.7     In total there were around 10,972 jobs within the Masterplan area in 2008. Public
                    administration, education, and health are the largest employment sectors. Between 2003
                    and 2008 the proportion of employees in these sectors rose from 31.9 to 39.5% of the
                    total employees within the Masterplan area.
          3.1.8     There were 575 VAT registered enterprises in the Ward in 2009. Stratford and New Town
                    has a higher rate of enterprises per head of population than Newham as a whole or the
                                       1
                    five Host Boroughs average, although it is lower than the London-wide rate. Between
                    2008 and 2009, the number of enterprises in the Ward grew faster than the London
                    average, though more slowly than in Newham as a whole.
          3.1.9     Retail employment accounted for 16.3% of total employment in the Ward in 2008. There
                    was a large increase in construction employment in 2007 and 2008. The “knowledge
                    economy” accounted for over a quarter of total employment in 2008. This is higher than
                    the proportion for the Borough as a whole, but lower than the same figures for London as
                    a whole (37.4%). At present, employment in creative industries is significantly lower (as a
                    proportion of total employment) in the Ward by comparison with the five host Boroughs or
                    London as a whole.

          3.1.10    Crime rates in Stratford and New Town have been between 2-3 times higher than the
                    borough average over the last two years since February 2008.




1
    Host boroughs include London Boroughs of Newham, Waltham Forest, Hackney, Tower Hamlets and Greenwich
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          3.1.11    There has been relatively slow employment growth within the Masterplan area (3.2%)
                    compared with Newham (9.6%), the 5 host boroughs (15.7%) and London (6.1%)
                    between 2003-8.

                    Labour Market

          3.1.12    Stratford and New Town Ward is part of the West Ham constituency. Claimant figures
                    (out of work benefits) represent 19.3% of the working age population significantly above
                    the regional (13.5%) and national figures (13.4%) and also somewhat above the average
                    for the 5 Host Boroughs (18%).
          3.1.13    The 2001 Census indicated that Stratford and New Town Ward had a lower proportion of
                    managers and senior officials compared with the Borough, the 5 host Boroughs, and
                    London.

                    Housing and Commercial Property Market

          3.1.14    Within Stratford & New Town Ward there were 6,873 dwellings as of 2008. Values of
                    homes within the Ward appear to be lower than Newham and significantly lower than the
                    rest of London when assessed via Council Tax band information. In particular there is a
                    significant deficit of housing in the top council tax bands compared to London as a whole.

          3.1.15    Over the past two years, the supply of new dwellings has been increasing faster than
                    demand. Most schemes are struggling to achieve a steady flow of sales, and where they
                    are being achieved at significantly below asking prices. There are a number of major new
                    development schemes either planned or under construction.

          3.1.16    The housing market in Stratford will markedly change after the Olympic and Paralympic
                    games, both with the re-conversion of the Athlete’s Village and its release as new housing
                    development, and the future development of further housing as a part of the Westfield
                    development. The refitting of the Athlete’s village is expected to provide 2,800 residential
                    apartments, including 1,427 private, 675 social, and the balance intermediate.

          3.1.17    Stratford Town Centre is the main office location in Newham accommodating around
                    83,000sqm of office space. Planning consent has been secured for 464,000sqm of office
                    (B1) floorspace at Stratford City. There exists a series of other opportunity sites capable
                    of accommodating further B1 development offering a range of types, sizes, and locations,
                    throughout the Ward area.

          3.1.18    The Westfield development part of the Stratford City planning application is now under
                    construction and will comprise approximately 180,000sqm of prime retail and leisure
                    development, serving a wide regional catchment area. This development is the first phase
                    of transforming Stratford into a metropolitan scale centre.
          3.1.19    The existing Stratford Centre within the Masterplan area contains approximately
                    40,000sqm retail space with further space in the wider town centre area. Little retail space
                    in the Stratford Centre is unoccupied including at the “InShops” which comprise retail
                    space for smaller businesses. Footfall through the Centre is estimated at 440,000 people
                    per week. These shops perform a strong role as a local shopping centre, providing mid-
                    low market comparison retail range and local town centre offer which is important to meet
                    needs of the local communities.




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                                                                vi
                    Health and Education facilities

          3.1.20    Despite the high percentage of very young and rising population and highest birth rate in
                    the UK, demand for childcare is lower than average. Cost is cited as the largest barrier to
                    uptake of childcare services.
          3.1.21    There are five primary schools within the Ward and four outside its boundaries that serve
                    some of the Ward residents. Despite a surplus of 3,000 places for infants, junior and
                    primary schools, a concentrated demand for places in the north and northeast of the
                    borough including the Ward has led to increased class sizes in some schools.

          3.1.22    There is a surplus of secondary school places in the borough, although Rokeby School is
                    due to relocate off-site will mean a reduction in available places for Ward residents. Most
                    secondary schools are below DfES space guidelines.
          3.1.23    There is good level of post-16 education further and higher education with the University
                    of East London within the Masterplan area and Newham College of Further Education
                    within the Ward.

          3.1.24    There are five GP practices and two dental surgeons in the Ward area. Most residents
                    have a choice of GP within walking distance.

                    Heritage

          3.1.25    There are two conservation areas within the Masterplan boundary. The Stratford St.
                    John’s Conservation Area is located entirely within the Masterplan, and runs from Grove
                    Road in the north through the A118 (The Broadway) to the High Street in the south. The
                    eastern corner of the Masterplan site is located within the University Conservation Area.
                    The majority of buildings of local interest in the borough lie within these designated
                    conservation areas.

          3.1.26    Three Mills Conservation Area lies approximately 100m south of the Masterplan area and
                    within the Ward.

          3.1.27    Sugar House Lane Conservation Area lies directly south of the Masterplan area and
                    within the Ward.
          3.1.28    There are no scheduled ancient monuments (SAMs) within the Masterplan area. The
                    nearest SAM is located 0.3km south of the Masterplan boundary at Bakers Row, and is
                    also within the Ward.

          3.1.29    West Ham Park to the east of the Masterplan boundary is designated as a Grade II Listed
                    Historic Park and Garden.

                    Ecology and Open Space

          3.1.30    The Masterplan site and Ward area is characterised by heavily urbanised setting with low
                    value habitat. There are no sites with statutory nature conservation designations, such as
                    Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), within 1km of the Masterplan site boundary, nor
                    are there any located within the Ward boundary. The nearest statutory site is the
                                                                                                      vii
                    Walthamstow Marshes SSSI located 5km north of the Masterplan site boundary .

          3.1.31    The Masterplan site lies within an area of Nature Conservation Deficiency. Such areas are
                    defined by the fact that they are more than 1km from a Nature Conservation Site of
                    Metropolitan or Borough Importance in Newham. However, two SNCIs are located both
                    within the NCD zone itself, although they relate to railway corridors which are not
                    accessible by the general public and this may be the reason for the apparent conflict of
                    the designation.



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          3.1.32    The rail corridors that run from Stratford International Station in the west to the eastern
                    boundary of the Borough fall partly within the Masterplan boundary (south of Forest Lane).
                    These rail corridors are designated as a protected Site of Nature Conservation
                    Importance (SNCI). The Draft Newham BAP states that this area is a site of borough
                    importance and contains scrub and semi-natural grassland habitats supporting
                    populations of reptiles, small mammals and invertebrates which are likely to be otherwise
                                                                       viii
                    uncommon in the parts of Newham they occupy .

          3.1.33    West Ham Park is located approximately 0.25km east of the Ward boundary and the
                    Masterplan. The Park has also been designated as a SNCI and is one of the largest areas
                    of open space in Newham. It is ranked as one of London’s highest Priority Parks for
                                                           ix
                    reducing deficiency in access to nature .

          3.1.34    A number of green spaces within the site boundary are currently safeguarded for nature
                                                          x
                    conservation and recreation purposes . These spaces within the Masterplan boundary are
                    of low ecological value and include green space associated with the school on Maryland
                    Road and Bow Street, Newham College of F.E recreation grounds, and school ground
                    located near Bridge Road.

          3.1.35    Newham is deficient in both quantity and variety of trees and lacks mature tree cover.
                    Newham recognises the importance of trees in urban areas as environmental assets,
                    modifying microclimate, filtering pollutants and providing biodiversity habitat and relief
                    from the built environment. TPOs are present mainly along Romford Road and the
                    Broadway/Romford Road junction. In 2007-2008, a number of TPO trees were being lost
                                                                                                   xi
                    in small numbers or not being replaced in situ, leading to a net loss of trees .

          3.1.36    The western portion of the Masterplan is occupied by the area under construction for the
                    Aquatic Centre and associated facilities and landscaping for the Olympic Park. Trees to
                    be retained lie generally along the River Lea channels around the Olympic Stadium site.
                    Three main areas proposed for habitat retention exist at Old Ford Woods, and Bully Point
                    Nature Reserve and the “Stratford Triangle” sites at the western edge of the Stratford City
                        xii
                    site .

          3.1.37    Large areas of green open space are planned to the north and west of the Stratford City
                    site, connected to the Masterplan area via amenity grassland and wetland proposed along
                    the banks of the River Lea. Some connectivity of the Masterplan area with the Lower Lea
                    Valley is therefore already proposed via the Olympic Park landscape design.

          3.1.38    The UDP identifies a number of transport corridors where further planting will result in
                                                                          xiii
                    visible improvements to local environmental quality . These locations are along Leyton
                    Road, part of The Grove and Romford Road most of which are within the Masterplan
                    area. Newham will require substantial tree planting on development sites either adjoining
                    or within identified green corridors to provide a visual screening or as a noise reduction
                    measure.
          3.1.39    Newham is ranked 27 out of 32 boroughs in terms of the amount of public open space per
                    1000 residents (only 1.1 ha approximately) compared to an ideal standard of 2.43 ha per
                                                                                xiv
                    1000 population (National Playing Field Association standard ).
                            xv
                    Noise

          3.1.40    Road traffic noise within the Masterplan area is greatest adjacent to the main roads
                    present i.e. Romford Road, Eastern Road, Broadway, The Grove, and Carpenters Road.




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          3.1.41    High road noise levels are predicted adjacent to the eastern boundary of Stratford City,
                    particularly in the vicinity of Leyton Road/Major Road within the Masterplan area due to
                    vehicular traffic that will use the existing and proposed strategic road network, as well as
                    noise from trains on Stratford International rail line.

          3.1.42    Future noise levels from railway lines towards 2021 are predicted to be particularly high in
                    the vicinity of Angel Lane and Windmill Lane directly west of Maryland overground railway
                    station.

                    Air Quality

          3.1.43    The whole of LB Newham has been designated as an Air Quality Management Area, and
                    is therefore subject to an air quality action plan to deal with potential rises in traffic
                    generated pollutants N0x and PM10 particulate matter.

          3.1.44    Within Newham, there was a “significant” number of exceedances of the National target
                    limits for NOx and PM10 particulates over 6 and 12 days respectively over the year 2008-
                      xvi
                    9 .
          3.1.45    Air quality modelling undertaken for the proposed Education campus in Zone 6 of
                    Stratford City assessed the potential effects of diesel emissions of sulphur dioxide and
                    nitrogen oxides from rail freight travelling both past the High Meads Loop Line junction
                    and whilst idling. With trains idling only there was an exceedance of the national short-
                    term objective and EU limit NO2 value of 200 µg/m3 within 16m of the signal location. The
                    affected area is opposite Henrietta Street within the Masterplan boundary. This
                    necessitated the need for landscaping for the nearby Education Campus. However at
                    locations more than 30m away from the signal junction National objective target values for
                                                    xvii
                    NO2 were predicted to be met .

                    Water

          3.1.46    The Masterplan site and Ward is located within the River Lea catchment. The Waterworks
                    River (a tributary of the River Lea) runs parallel to Warton Road and lies partly within the
                    Masterplan boundary and partly within the boundary for the Olympic Park. Waterworks
                    River joins the Three Mills River further south. The Aquatics Centre for the Olympics will
                    be adjacent to the Waterworks River.

          3.1.47    The nearest water quality sampling point to the Masterplan site is located approximately
                    2km to the south at Lea Bridge weir. From 2006 to 2008 the chemical grade was category
                            xviii
                    D (fair) . This means it is an impacted ecosystem that will be suitable for potable supply
                    after advanced treatment and may be suitable for cyprinid fisheries.
          3.1.48    There is a moderate risk of 1% fluvial flooding in parts of the Masterplan area. The
                    southern portion of the Masterplan area particularly south of Stratford Station and around
                    the Aquatics Centre, as well the most northerly portion of the Masterplan around Henrietta
                    Street are located within a flood plain with a 1% chance of fluvial flooding. The extent of
                    flood risk is calculated on the assumption that there are no flood defences, although the
                    southern half of the site is protected by flood defence walls present along the Waterworks
                    River and City Mill River.
          3.1.49    The northern portion of the Masterplan site lies within Zone 1 (inner zone) whilst the
                    central and southern parts lie within Zone 2 (outer zone) of a groundwater Source
                    Protection Zone (SPZ).

                    Waste

          3.1.50    The amount of waste being disposed of to landfill in Newham has decreased by 10% to
                                                         xix
                    44% in 2008-2009 on the previous year . This has been largely accounted for by the


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                    introduction of a bio-materials recycling facility at the Jenkins Lane materials recycling
                    facility, where fuel pellets are made from recyclable materials for cement manufacture.
          3.1.51    Household recycling rates in Newham were increasing prior to 2007 but appear to have
                    fallen in the year 2008-9 to around 14.48%. This rate of household recycling in Newham is
                                                                                    xx
                    significantly less when compared with London as a whole (25%) .
          3.1.52    There is no available information on recycling rates within the Masterplan area.

                    Connectivity/Physical Layout

          3.1.53    The shopping centre blocks the visual connection between the station and the historic
                    high street.

          3.1.54    crossings from the Broadway shopping centre across the Stratford Gyratory are typically
                    very busy with some of the obvious desire lines being partially blocked by street furniture
                    or service roads. This blockage causes a problematic route for crossing the gyratory and
                    severance of the two sides of the street, in particular the area between the mall entrance
                    and the Town Hall.

          3.1.55    The Stratford Gyratory discourages cycling, has a poor quality urban realm with little soft
                    landscaping, and generally inconveniences pedestrians.
                                  xxi
                    Transport

          3.1.56    Stratford Station is the key arrival point within the Masterplan area. The station will also
                    act as access to the adjacent International Station interchange in the Stratford City
                    development under construction.

          3.1.57    The road network within the site will change as a result of the Olympic and Paralympic
                    Games and Legacy. The Legacy network will be permanent and is therefore classified
                    according to Newham’s district and local distributor system. Apart from new network
                    within Stratford City, the Legacy network includes a re established and slightly realigned
                    Carpenters Road and a realigned Angel Lane immediately to the north of the Gyratory.
                    Only the very southern portion of Marsh gate Lane is retained.

          3.1.58    Most of the Masterplan area is served by a reasonably comprehensive network of on and
                    off -road footways. The rail corridors, waterways and a number of the higher order roads
                    that dissect the Masterplan area however present significant barriers to direct movement.

          3.1.59    Public transport and highway networks offer the good potential for good public transport
                    accessibility in the areas surrounding the stations. Completion of the Stratford
                    International rail terminal, Crossrail station at Maryland and associated public transport
                    improvements will further improve the general accessibility to and from Stratford and the
                    wider area.

          3.1.60    A significant number of important bus services terminate in or travel through Stratford.
                    Accordingly, there are a number of strategic road network routes within the study area
                    coinciding with the more important bus routes.
          3.1.61    The north, northeast, east and southeast are served well by bus services from Stratford.
                    However, and apart from Stratford High Street, the west is much less well served. Fifteen
                    different local bus services run through the study area, all of which travel through or
                    terminate at Stratford town centre making Stratford a major hub for local bus services.

          3.1.62    Stratford is also served by longer distance coach services connecting Cambridge and
                    Stinted Airport with London.

          3.1.63    Stratford Regional Station plays an important role as a transport hub. It is served by the
                    Jubilee and Central line underground lines, Docklands Light Railway, Richmond-Stratford


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                     London Overground, and national rail services to east Anglia and Essex, as well as
                     Liverpool Street.
          3.1.64     Planned improvements to the public transport network indicate as much as a 30%
                     increase in rail capacity in Stratford. Improvements to the rail network include two new
                     DRY stations at Stratford High Street and Abbey Road. Other improvements will be, in
                     addition to increased capacity and frequency of trains on overground lines serving
                     Stratford, the introduction of Crossrail at Stratford and Maryland stations by 2017.

                     Pedestrian and Cycle Access

          3.1.65     The London Cycle Network follows all of the major routes through the study area as well
                     as a number of the local distributors leading up to or parallel to the main routes. One
                     National Cycle Route passes through the west of the study area in a north south direction
                     along the Lea Valley Path much of which is along towpaths. Like the Legacy pedestrian
                     strategy, there is a limited number of rail line and, to a lesser extent, waterway crossing
                     points. An inability to move into and through Stratford City is also evident.

          3.1.66     Approximately 65 stands are provided for public cycle parking in the town centre area, the
                     majority being near the rail and bus station. There are currently no cycle parking facilities
                     adjacent to the shopping centre entrances or in the vicinity of the theatre or cinema.

                     Car Parking

          3.1.67     Newham operates two off-street public car parks – namely, 675 space Stratford Centre
                     multi-storey car park and the 40 space Grove Crescent (Salway Road) street level car
                     park, both accessed via Great Eastern Road. Additional off-street parking available for
                     use by the public is at the 355 space car park located at the Morrisons store, accessed
                     from The Grove.

          3.1.68     A significant number of Private Non-Residential (PNR) spaces are also distributed across
                     the study area. Approximately 660 spaces have been identified for offices and other
                     employment uses.

          3.1.69     There are no dedicated on-street parking bays for motorcycles in the borough, although
                     motorcycles may use on-street Pay & Display, Shared-Use and Permit bays in
                     Newham-owned public car parks without charge or time limitation.

                     Water Transport

          3.1.70     The local waterways running in a north-south direction through the western portion of the
                     study area present opportunities for business, commuter, freight and leisure purposes. In
                     this respect, the new Three Mills Lock in Bromley-By-Bow can accommodate barges
                     weighing up to 350 tonnes (equivalent to 17 average HGV loads).


                                                           Question for consideration
                   Q2. Is there any baseline information relating to the Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan site
                   which has not been included?




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          4         Task A3: Key Sustainability Issues and Problems
          4.1.1     Identifying key sustainability issues is a required step during SA scoping. The key issues
                    are used to inform the development of the SA Framework. As described in Section 6.1
                    the Stratford and Lower Lea Valley (S&LLV) AAP SA Framework will be used to carry out
                    the SA of the Masterplan, following a review to ensure that the Framework reflects the key
                    sustainability issues affecting the Masterplan site.

          4.1.2     The key issues for the S&LLV AAP were developed from the baseline information and
                    review of policies, plans and programmes documented in the S&LLV AAP SA Scoping
                    Report. These key issues have been reviewed, and those issues that are applicable to
                    the Masterplan have been identified. The review found that there is a high degree of
                    commonality between the AAP key issues and the sustainability issues for the Masterplan
                    area. Many of the AAP key issues are based on information reported at Borough level, or
                    relevant to the wider S&LLV area, but in many cases these are also considered to be
                    relevant for the Masterplan.

          4.1.3     In addition to selecting relevant key issues from the S&LLV AAP SA, additional key issues
                    have been identified on the basis of the site-specific baseline and updated policy, plan
                    and programme review documented in this Scoping Report. The table below shows the
                    relevant key issues from the S&LLV AAP SA, together with the additional key issues
                    identified from the site-specific information presented in this Scoping Report. The wording
                    of the AAP key issues has been left unchanged where possible, or modified as necessary
                    to be relevant to the Masterplan. Additional key sustainability issues relevant to the
                    Masterplan are shown in bold, whilst former issues associated with the S&LLV AAP SA
                    also considered to be relevant to the Masterplan are indicated.


                                                                                                Source                    Applicable
 Key Sustainability Issues and Problems for consideration from the
                                                                                                                          to The
 Evidence Base
                                                                                                                          Masterplan?

 SOCIAL

 Population                                                                                     Index of Multiple
 The Stratford & LLV AAP Study area contains some of the most                                   Deprivation               
 deprived areas in the UK, including wards which fall into top 10%                              2004.
 worst deprived in the country.

                                                                                                                          
 The Stratford and New Town Ward area is characterised by a
 relatively young population with a quarter of the population within the
 0-19 age group and there are concerns about their future needs.


 The population of the Ward is expected to rise significantly                                   Draft                     New
 between 2010 and 2020 by 166% to 54,634.                                                       Socioeconomic
                                                                                                Baseline Report.
                                                                                                February 2010
 Health
 The current population in Newham suffers from persistent health                                Newham PCT                
 inequalities and is ranked 11th nationwide on the OPDM 2004                                    ‘Local Health
 deprivation rankings against the health domain.                                                Services
                                                                                                Assessment’.
 According to the London Health Observatory life expectancy in                                                            
 Newham is the lowest in London.

 The borough has the lowest life expectancy for males and females in                                                      
 London, high mortality rates including infant mortality, and a very high
 Tuberculosis [TB] rate. Mental Health is also particular issue in LBN.
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                                                                                                Source                    Applicable
 Key Sustainability Issues and Problems for consideration from the
                                                                                                                          to The
 Evidence Base
                                                                                                                          Masterplan?


 A high percentage of the borough’s residents are under the age of 16.                                                    
 Development should aim to encourage sport and healthy lifestyles.

 Although, the area has a youthful population, the population is aging                                                    
 and facilities for the elderly should be taken into consideration.


                                                                                                LBN’s Crime               
 Crime
                                                                                                and Drugs
 Newham has a large number of severely deprived areas with high
                                                                                                Strategy 2005–
 rates of Street Crime in certain areas.
                                                                                                2008.                     
 There has been a significant rise in drugs-related, among other types
 of crime in the past year.

                                                                                                                          
 The issue of community safety and crime prevention within the entire
 area is essential to the creation of a sustainable community.
                                                                                                Draft
 Crime rates in Stratford and New Town have been between 2-3                                                              New
                                                                                                Socioeconomic
 times higher than the borough average over the last two years
                                                                                                Baseline Report.
 since 2008.
                                                                                                February 2010

 Housing
 Under the current London Plan (2008), LB Newham needs to provide                               London Plan               
 at least an additional 35,510 homes by 2017, with a target that 50%                            2008, Draft
 should be affordable. The proposed new London Plan target for LB                               London Plan
 Newham is 25,000 additional homes at approximately 2,500 per year.                             2009.
 The SPD/AAP will need to ensure that the Masterplan is therefore
 serviced by new and improved local facilities for education, health,
 leisure and recreation and good quality transport services.

 Newham has the largest household size in England at 2.64 persons                               Office of                 
 per household, leading to issues of overcrowding.                                              National
                                                                                                Statistics.

 The level of affordable stock is one of the highest in the country at                          Annual Survey             
 40%, while in some parts of the Borough it is as much as 80% or 90%.                           of Hours and
                                                                                                Earnings -
 A need in the Borough for family accommodation with 3 bedrooms or                              Resident                  
 more has been identified.                                                                      Analysis,
                                                                                                NOMIS 2007.
 There are large disparities between the earning potential within the                                                     
 Borough and the cost of housing.



 Values of homes within the Ward appear to be lower than                                        Draft                     New
 Newham and significantly lower than the rest of London. There is                               Socioeconomic
 a significant deficit of housing in the top council tax bands                                  Baseline Report.
 compared to London as a whole.                                                                 February 2010




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                                                                                                Source                    Applicable
 Key Sustainability Issues and Problems for consideration from the
                                                                                                                          to The
 Evidence Base
                                                                                                                          Masterplan?
                                                                                                Index of Multiple
 Social and Community Services                                                                  Deprivation
 The majority of the S&LLV AAP area falls within the 10% most                                   2004.                     
 deprived in the country with the remainder falling within the top 20%.

                                                                                                National
 There is a need within the Borough for good quality public services                            Planning Policy           
 including education and training opportunities, health care and                                and the
 community facilities.*                                                                         Sustainable
                                                                                                Communities
                                                                                                Plan (ODPM,
 With the target of 50,000 additional houses, there will be pressure to                         2003).
 provide in appropriate locations, a wide range of types of facilities such                     Newham 2020               
 as nurseries and schools, health centres, social care facilities, places                       Planning for the
 of worship, and youth clubs especially for new communities. The                                Future – Draft
 availability of land or buildings for competing uses as well as their                          Preferred
 capacity to generate significant traffic or visits will be major issues for                    Options for the
 the Borough.                                                                                   Core Strategy.


 Although there is a surplus of primary and secondary school                                    Draft                     New
 places in the Ward, there is concentrated demand in the north                                  Socioeconomic
 and north-east of the borough leading to increased class sizes.                                Baseline Report.
 Most secondary school are below the DfES guidelines.                                           February 2010


                                                                                                Health
                                                                                                Improvement               
 Social Progress                                                                                and
 There is a high % of children in poverty with 66.6% of children living in                      Modernisation
 households with relatively low income (2003). In order to eliminate                            Programme
 cycles of deprivation, this will need to be tackled.                                           2002-05.

 Newham is one of the most ethnically diverse borough in the whole of                           Office of                 
 the UK Newham needs to build on this diverse ethnicity and ensure                              National
 improved integration and community development.                                                Statistics.
                                                                                                Draft
 As noted above, the Borough suffers from high unemployment rates.                              Socioeconomic             
                                                                                                Baseline Report.
                                                                                                February 2010

 ENVIRONMENT
 Historic Environment
 Newham contains a number of historical Conservation Areas, Areas of                            Three Mills               
 Townscape Value, national monuments, listed building and locally                               Conservation
 listed buildings that all need continued protection.                                           Area, Character
                                                                                                Appraisal and
 Appropriate protective policies and more proactive regeneration                                Management                
 policies are required to ensure that this valuable historical legacy                           Proposals,
 makes a significant contribution to the Council’s sustainability and                           2006.
 regeneration objectives.

 Stratford and St John’s CA and University CA are located within                                Stratford and St          New
 the Masterplan area and require particular attention with respect                              John’s CA
 to the future protection of their character, listed buildings and                              Character
 buildings of local importance.                                                                 Appraisal and
                                                                                                Management
                                                                                                Proposals 2010.
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                                                                                                Source                    Applicable
 Key Sustainability Issues and Problems for consideration from the
                                                                                                                          to The
 Evidence Base
                                                                                                                          Masterplan?
                                                                                                University CA
                                                                                                Character
                                                                                                Appraisal and
                                                                                                Management
                                                                                                Proposals 2010.
 Access and Movement
 From Stratford station, access to the historic high street (Broadway) is                                                 
 via the relatively low grade shopping mall ‘The Stratford Centre’ and
 access is not available 24 hours a day.

 The arrival at Stratford Station could be improved and greater priority                                                  
 placed on ease of pedestrian movement rather than traffic speed.

 Pedestrian crossing points on the Broadway are heavily guardrailed                                                       
 and staggered, in response to the four lanes of traffic passing through
 the street.


 The S&LLV AAP area has few pedestrian links east-west, and The                                 The Lower Lea             
 Greenway and Channelsea footpaths are degraded. Many of the                                    Valley
 routes which do exist are along paths that are not suitable for use by                         Regeneration
 all people at all times – for example they are secluded and feel unsafe                        Strategy,
 at night, or are difficult for wheelchairs to use.                                             (Technical
                                                                                                Document No.2,
 The existing conditions within the S&LLV AAP area are highly                                   Strategic Land            
 fragmented, being crossed by waterways, rail, DLR and LUL lines as                             Use Strategies
 well as strategic roads. Connectivity within the Lea Valley and to                             (LDA July
 adjacent neighbourhoods is poor.                                                               2006)).

 There is a lack of public transport capacity westbound in the morning                                                    
 peak and the strategic highway network is congested.

 The potential 50,000 new homes as well as other major developments
 raises significant issues in terms of potential extra demand on public                         Draft Core                
 transport services and on road space, through further growth in private                        Strategy, LBN.
 car use.


                                                                                                Newham Annual             
 Open Space                                                                                     Monitoring
 Newham is ranked poorly (27th out of 32 boroughs) in terms of                                  Report, 2008-9.
 the provision of public open space as a percentage of the
 Borough’s total land area.
                                                                                                Open Space
                                                                                                and Outdoor               
 Existing open space is poorly linked and links to the proposed Thames                          Recreation; LBN
 Gateway Green Grid need to be explored.                                                        LDF
                                                                                                Background
                                                                                                Paper 2006                
 Newham has 338ha of land (8.7% of total land area) given formal
 protection in the UDP (2004). However, there is severe degradation of
 habitats that are not formally protected.
                                                                                                Olympic,                  New
 Potential linkages of open spaces associated with the                                          Paralympic and
 development of the Olympic Park and Stratford City are present                                 Legacy
 adjacent to the Masterplan area.                                                               Transformation
                                                                                                Applications ES
                                                                                                2007.
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                                                                                                Source                    Applicable
 Key Sustainability Issues and Problems for consideration from the
                                                                                                                          to The
 Evidence Base
                                                                                                                          Masterplan?


                                                                                                Stratford City ES
                                                                                                2004

 Ground Conditions                                                                                                        
                                                                                                Stratford and
 There is a long history of heavy industrial land use comprising many
                                                                                                Lower Lea
 potentially contaminating industries such as gas works, oil refineries,
                                                                                                Valley Area
 chemical works, tar works, landfills and many other industrial
                                                                                                Action Plan
 processes.
                                                                                                Evidence Base
                                                                                                Report 2007
 Given the nature of the identified land uses and the environmental                                                       
 sensitivity the contamination status of the S&LLV AAP area is
 assessed as moderate to high, although low and high-risk Sub Areas
 have been identified.
 Ecology                                                                                        Stratford and
                                                                                                Lower Lea
 The study area contains a variety of habitats and species of ecological                        Valley Area               
 value.                                                                                         Action plan
                                                                                                Evidence Base
                                                                                                Report 2007


 There are no statutorily-designated Sites of Special Scientific                                MAGIC                     New
 Interest (SSSI) located within the Masterplan area or within a 1 km                            database
 radius of the Masterplan.


 There are 2 Sites of Nature Conservation Interest (SNCI) located                               Newham Annual             New
 within the Masterplan area and consequently have to be                                         Monitoring
 protected from development.                                                                    Report 2008/9


 Trees designated by TPO are not being replaced in equal                                                                  New
 numbers, leading to net loss of trees in the area.
 Water
 The characteristics of the catchment make the Lower Lea a vital                                Stratford and             
 drainage corridor for urban runoff and more importantly the main                               Lower Lea
 drainage route for floodwater into the River Thames. The conveyance                            Valley Area
 capacity of the Lower Lea means it also plays an important role in                             Action Plan
 reducing flood risk further upstream.                                                          Evidence Base
                                                                                                Report 2007
 The study area is subjected to both fluvial and tidal flooding, however                                                  
 benefits from flood barriers and other structures both within the Lower
 Lea Valley and Thames catchment.

 The river corridor and associated watercourses are important                                                             
 recreational resources and will need to be maintained and enhanced
 as such.

 The ‘biological water quality’ in the River Lea and tributaries achieved
 a ‘poor’ or, at the lower stretches near the Thames and ‘bad’ grading,                                                   
 on average, over the last seven years although there has been some
 gradual improvements over the last three years.

 The lower stretches of the Lea remain one of the poorest quality
 stretches of river in London. Evidence suggests that the main factors                                                    
 causing poor water quality in the River Lea is urban run-off and
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                                                                                                Source                    Applicable
 Key Sustainability Issues and Problems for consideration from the
                                                                                                                          to The
 Evidence Base
                                                                                                                          Masterplan?
 sewage treatment work discharges further upstream.

 Water Consumption

 The Borough has high average household water consumption.                                                                
 Policies are needed that promote reduction and greywater recycling.

 Drainage
 In parts of Newham, especially West Ham and Stratford, the level of                            Stratford and             
 groundwater has been rising in recent years due to reduced                                     Lower Lea
 commercial abstraction which could cause a problem for subterranean                            Valley Area
 infrastructure.                                                                                Action Plan
                                                                                                Evidence Base
 The study area contains large areas within Flood Zone 2 (medium                                Report 2007               
 probability) and Flood Zone 3 (high probability), making flood risk a
 significant consideration for the AAP.

 The Stratford and Lower Lea Valley emerging SFRA indicates that                                LB Newham                 New
 areas to the south of Stratford Station and the northernmost part                              emerging SFRA,
 of the Masterplan are at most at risk of flooding                                              2009

 Pollution
 Air quality is poor given the traffic impact of the A13 and Barking                            Sustainability            
 Road.                                                                                          Appraisal of the
                                                                                                Preferred
 As population increases locally will be much higher than the London                            Options                   
 average, traffic impacts and pollution emissions could increase.                               for the Core
                                                                                                Strategy

 Air Quality exccedances of NOx and PM10 have continued in                                      Annual                    New
 2008 although no upward trend is apparent from the previous                                    Monitoring
 year. Air quality is likely to be a problem in the future once the                             Report, 2008-9
 Olympic Park and legacy facilities, and Stratford City
 developments are completed.
                                                                                                Stratford and
 Waste                                                                                          Lower Lea
 Household waste arisings is rising at about 3% per capita per annum.                           Valley Area               
                                                                                                Action Plan
 The overall household waste recycling rate is one of the lowest in                             Evidence Base             
 London.                                                                                        Report 2007

 Cumulative effects from all proposed development within Newham are
 likely to have significant impacts upon waste generation in Newham,                                                      
 and the service and management regimes already in place. This large
 growth in waste arisings may potentially result in conflicts with
 national, regional and local targets to achieve marked increases in the
 amount of municipal solid waste which is recycled and reused, and
 planned reductions in the amount of biodegradable municipal waste
 which is disposed in landfill.

                                                                                                Newham Annual             New
 Waste recycling rates in Newham are still 10% less than the                                    Monitoring
 London average.                                                                                Report 2008-9.

 ECONOMIC



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                                                                                                Source                    Applicable
 Key Sustainability Issues and Problems for consideration from the
                                                                                                                          to The
 Evidence Base
                                                                                                                          Masterplan?

 Employment & Economic Activity                                                                 Draft                     New
 Unemployment rates in the Ward are high at around 19%.                                         Socioeconomic
                                                                                                Baseline Report.
                                    th
 Newham is ranked as the 4 most deprived Borough in London and                                  February 2010             
   th
 11 nationally.                                                                                 Annual Business
                                                                                                Inquiry 2004,
                                                                                                Nomis 2007.

 Evidence suggests that that local people are only gaining elementary                           Office of                 
 positions in high level industries.                                                            National
                                                                                                Statistics.
 Up to 40% of industrial and other employment land within the Borough                                                     
 will be lost by 2021. This presents an opportunity for change.                                 LBN Industrial
                                                                                                Land Study
 The relocation of business from the Olympic Park site cannot be                                (2006).                   
 absorbed by the existing available stock, which may lead to a shortage
 of premises.

 Newham must continue to promote and plan for the Olympics. This will                                                     
 provide a major catalyst for change and regeneration in East London.

 Two town centres are likely to emerge at Stratford and Stratford City.                                                   
 The functions and roles of both needs to be managed and promoted
 as Stratford has the potential to become a key office location.

 This Olympics will provide a major catalyst for change and                                                               
 regeneration in East London and Newham must continue to promote
 and plan for the games.

 Retail and Town Centres
 Stratford town’s principally caters for convenience shopping and                               Local
 services needs. The range and quality of the retail provision is limited                       Development               
 and does not draw customers from a wider area.                                                 Framework
                                                                                                Background
 Stratford is not able to cater for higher order shopping needs and                             Paper: Retail &           
 therefore is not a destination for major comparison shopping.                                  Town Centres,
                                                                                                LBN 2006.
 The retail circuit connecting the key areas of both Stratford and                                                        
 Canning Town centres are poorly developed and ‘dwell time’ is low.

 The evening economy is not well developed in Stratford.                                                                  

 There are a number of issues related to the market in the West Mall of
 the Stratford Centre operation, including the feeling of clutter, stalls                                                 
 impeding pedestrian flow as well as stalls of low quality with a limited
 range of goods.

 The existing Stratford Centre within the Masterplan area contains                              Draft                     New
 40,000sqm of retail provision and this with other shops nearby                                 Socioeconomic
 performs a strong role as a shopping centre for the local                                      Baseline Report.
 population.                                                                                    February 2010

 The Stratford City development will provide a large amount of                                                            New
 retail provision and is the first phase of transforming Stratford
 into a metropolitan scale centre


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                                                                                                Source                    Applicable
 Key Sustainability Issues and Problems for consideration from the
                                                                                                                          to The
 Evidence Base
                                                                                                                          Masterplan?

 Brownfield Land
 How and where to retain industrial land as well as achieving a mix of                          Local                     
 uses so that the legacy of industrial decline can be balanced and                              Development
 sustainable communities developed will need to be examined.                                    Framework
                                                                                                Background
 The reuse of brownfield sites, and addressing the related issue of                             Paper: Industrial         
 threats posed by contamination to health and the environment needs                             Land, LBN
 to be addressed in the AAP/SPD.                                                                2006.

 The loss of Strategic Employment Location (SEL) designated land will
 need to be considered on local and sub-regional basis; this may                                                          
 require the designation of SEL land elsewhere in the Borough.

 Brownfield land can also have an important biodiversity value for birds
 and invertebrates. Newham has to develop AAP/SPD policies relating
 to biodiversity that protect and enhance habitats and species on these                                                   
 brownfield sites.

 Leisure, Tourism and Sport
 The predicted increases in the number of households and residents in                           LDF                       
 the borough will inevitability lead to increased pressure on the current                       Background
 leisure and tourism provision.                                                                 Paper: Leisure,
                                                                                                Tourism &
 The key land use issue for leisure, tourism and sports facilities is the                       Sport, LBN
 location of new provision as they have the potential to generate a large                       2006.                     
 number of trips. These trips should be by public transport.




                                                       Question for consideration
          Q3. Are there any key sustainability issues relating to the Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan
          site which have not been included?




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          5         Task A4: Sustainability Appraisal Framework
          5.1.1     The SA process requires the identification of sustainability objectives and indicators to
                    enable an assessment of the emerging options within different aspects of the Stratford
                    Metropolitan Masterplan. These objectives and their associated indicators form the
                    Sustainability Appraisal Framework and allow decisions regarding the Masterplan to be
                    made.

          5.2       Sustainability Objectives

          5.2.1     The Core Strategy SA Framework identified eighteen Sustainability Objectives, which set
                    out what sustainable development should be aiming to achieve. These were developed
                    from the review of relevant plans, policies, strategies, guidance and initiatives, baseline
                    situation and key issues documented in the Core Strategy SA Scoping Report. The
                    S&LLV AAP SA Framework was developed following the development of the Core
                    Strategy SA Framework and covers the majority of the Masterplan area.
          5.2.2     The objectives within the S&LLV AAP SA Framework will be used in the Stratford
                    Metropolitan Masterplan SA (with one additional suggested indicator for Objective 1
                    shown in bold) and are as follows:


                     OBJECTIVE 1

                     To improve health and well being of the population and reduce inequalities and promote
                     healthy living in Stratford and LLV

                                        CRITERIA                                                 INDICATORS
                           a)   Will it improve access to primary                Children in Poverty
                                healthcare facilities?                           Life Expectancy at Birth
                           b)   Will it encourage healthy lifestyles             Number of confirmed TB cases per 100,000
                                and provide opportunities for sport               Population
                                and recreation?                                  Average GP list Size
                           c)   Will it improve the health of                    Average Class Size
                                children and young people?



                     OBJECTIVE 2

                     To support employment and economic competitiveness

                                        CRITERIA                                                 INDICATORS
                      a)   Will it reduce unemployment levels?                   Percentage of planning permissions for major
                      b)   Will       it    generate      economic                development including provision for off-site
                           competitiveness?                                       environment and transport improvements to
                      c)   Will tourism initiatives be encouraged?                the adjacent street scene, public realm, public
                                                                                  open space, or transport network.
                                                                                 Unemployment rates
                                                                                 Business Activity (Total VAT registered firms)
                                                                                 Previously-developed land (Brownfield Sites)
                                                                                  that is used or may be available for
                                                                                  redevelopment as a % of the local authority
                                                                                  land area



                     OBJECTIVE 3

                     To reduce crime and the fear of crime.

                                           CRITERIA                                                INDICATORS

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                           a)     Will it make local people feel safer in            Rates of Street Crime
                                  their community?
                           b)     Will it avoid the creation of isolated
                                  places during day and night?
                           c)     Will it create safer walking routes to
                                  key areas?
                           d)     Will it improve safety for children and
                                  young people?




                   OBJECTIVE 4

                   To provide the opportunity for people to meet their housing needs

                                         CRITERIA                                                INDICATORS
                         a)     Will it increase access to good quality         Percentage of new housing output that is
                                and affordable housing?                          affordable
                         b)     Will it reduce homelessness?                    Percentage of unfit dwellings in Newham
                         c)     Will it reduce the number of unfit               and London
                                homes?
                         d)     Will it provide a range of housing to
                                cater for different affordability needs?
                         e)     Will it provide a range of dwelling
                                sizes suitable to demand?



                   OBJECTIVE 5

                   To improve access to skills and knowledge.

                                          CRITERIA                                                INDICATORS
                    a)   Will it provide meaningful educational                     Social Class of employees and self-
                         opportunities for children and young people                 employed residents of Newham
                         in Stratford and Lower Lea Valley?                         Percentage of young people going into
                    b)   Will it provide meaningful educational                      higher education.
                         opportunities for adults in Stratford and                  Qualifications of working age population
                         Lower Lea Valley?
                    c)   Will it improve access to educational
                         facilities?
                    d)   Will it promote skills training?



                   OBJECTIVE 6

                   To improve the accessibility of key services and facilities to local communities.

                                          CRITERIA                                                INDICATORS
                    a)   Will it improve social cohesion?                            Average GP list Size
                    b)   Will it increase satisfaction with local                    Neighbourhood Satisfaction
                         services?
                    c)   Will it improve the range of key services
                         within easy access of the population?
                    d)   Will it improve access to cultural,
                         recreational and leisure facilities?
                    e)   Will relevant facilities be developed
                         concurrently      with    new       residential
                         developments?



                   OBJECTIVE 7



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                   To reduce poverty and social exclusion and redress inequalities.

                                          CRITERIA                                                   INDICATORS
                    a)   Will it improve the range of employment                         Social Class of employees and self-
                         opportunities?                                                   employed residents of Newham
                    b)   Will it foster a sense of pride in the                          Percentage of young people going into
                         neighbourhood?                                                   higher education.
                    c)   Will it respond to community needs and                          Qualifications of working age population
                         desires?                                                        Average GP list Size
                                                                                         Neighbourhood Satisfaction



                   OBJECTIVE 8

                   To conserve and enhance the character and appearance of the historic environment and
                          features of cultural importance.

                                          CRITERIA                                                   INDICATORS

                    a) Will the historic environment, their assets                        Number of and % (of the total), of
                         and settings be protected and enhanced?                           Listed Buildings on the Building at Risk
                    b)   Will archaeological sites, scheduled ancient                      register
                         monuments, conservation areas and listed                         Number of and percentage (of the
                         buildings be protected and enhanced?                              total) of scheduled Monuments on the
                                                                                           Buildings at risk register




                   OBJECTIVE 9

                   To reduce road traffic congestion through reducing the need to travel by car and
                   improving travel choice.

                                          CRITERIA                                                   INDICATORS
                    a)   Will it increase the proportion of journeys                      Volume of road traffic
                         made using public transport rather than                          Length in km of cycle lanes in the
                         private car?                                                      borough?
                    b)   Will it increase accessibility to public
                         transport?
                    c)   Will it reduce road traffic and congestion?
                    d)   Will it increase walking and cycling
                         alternatives to using private cars?
                    e)   Will it increase car sharing?
                    f)   Will it improve road safety?
                    g)   Will it connect pedestrian routes legibly
                         between key areas?
                    h)   Will it extend the cycle network in Stratford
                         and Lower Lea Valley?



                   OBJECTIVE 10

                   To promote a high quality of urban design and protect and improve the quality of open
                   space

                                        CRITERIA                                                   INDICATORS
                    a)   Will it provide a high quality urban                        Amount of public open space per 1000
                         environment?                                                 residents
                    b)   Will it ensure easy accessibility to open                   Quality of parks and public open spaces
                         spaces?                                                      (using Park Survey results)
                    c)   Will it act to protect and enhance the
                         neighbouring park areas?


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                   OBJECTIVE 11

                   To conserve, protect and enhance diversity and abundance of natural habitats within the
                   entire area.

                                        CRITERIA                                                 INDICATORS
                    a)   Will existing habitats be protected or                     Total Area and number of UDP protected
                         enhanced on site?                                           sites, nature conservation Importance,
                    b)   Will new habitats be created?                               and % area managed for ecology
                    c)   Will ecological corridors be included,
                         including a riverfront corridor?
                    d)   Will it improve the quality of the lower
                         stretches of the River Lea?
                    e)   Will the planting of trees be
                         encouraged?




                    OBJECTIVE 12

                    To maintain and enhance the quality of ground and surface waters.

                                         CRITERIA                                                 INDICATORS
                    a)   Will it maintain and enhance the quality of                  River Water Quality-Chemistry
                         ground and surface waters?                                   Average household water consumption
                    b)   Will it adopt SUDS and water
                         conservation techniques?




                   OBJECTIVE 13

                   To reduce the vulnerability of homes to flooding.

                                        CRITERIA                                                 INDICATORS
                    a)   Will it reduce risk of flooding?                           Number of properties at risk from flooding
                    b)   Will it manage flood waters effectively?                    (not taking into account flooding defences)
                                                                                     from a 1.200 tidal flood and 1.100 fluvial
                                                                                     flood
                                                                                    Percentage of development applications
                                                                                     each year where Environment Agency
                                                                                     objects on flood grounds



                   OBJECTIVE 14

                   To minimise pollution levels and emissions of greenhouse gases and to plan for future
                   reductions to meet or exceed national climate change targets.

                                        CRITERIA                                                 INDICATORS
                    a)   Will it act to reduce the amount of                        Emissions of carbon dioxide per capita
                         harmful pollutants in the air?                             Renewable electricity generated as               a
                    b)   Will it minimise increases in noise                         percentage of total energy supplied.
                         pollution?
                    c)   Will it remediate contaminated land?
                    d)   Will emissions from road and air travel
                         as well as industry and buildings be
                         reduced?
                    e)   Will climate change targets be met?

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                   OBJECTIVE 15

                   To regenerate and increase the vitality of town centres.

                                        CRITERIA                                                INDICATORS
                    a)   Will it increase the vitality of Stratford               Viability of Shopping Centres
                         and Lower Lea Valley?                                    Percentage of planning permissions for
                    b)   Will vacant buildings be redeveloped?                     major development including provision for
                    c)   Will redevelopment involve the use of                     off-site    environment    and   transport
                         sustainable        construction        and                improvements to the adjacent street
                         techniques?                                               scene, public realm, public open space, or
                    d)   Will    development     attract   visitors,               transport network
                         residents and workers to Stratford and
                         LLV?
                    e)   Will the level of retail provision be
                         improved?



                   OBJECTIVE 16

                   To maximise land use efficiency and to ensure new development occurs on derelict,
                   vacant and previously developed land.

                                        CRITERIA                                                INDICATORS
                    a)   Have     densities   been      maximised                 Previously developed land (brownfield
                         especially around transport links?                        sites) that is used or may be available for
                    b)   Has parking capacity been minimised,                      redevelopment as a percentage of the
                         especially around transport links?                        local authority land area.
                    c)   Have any vacant or derelict buildings
                         been reused?
                    d)   Will SEL designated land be designated
                         elsewhere in the Borough?



                   OBJECTIVE 17

                   To promote sport, leisure and tourism and associated facilities within the area

                                        CRITERIA                                                INDICATORS
                    a)   Will sporting facilities be retained and                 Amount of public open space per 1000
                         improved in order to promote exercise?                    residents
                    b)   Will the improvements being undertaken                   Quality of parks and public open spaces
                         as part of the Olympics have a lasting                    (using Park Survey results)
                         positive    legacy     for   the    entire
                         community?
                    c)   Will tourism and leisure development
                         result in economic benefits for the local
                         community?



                   OBJECTIVE 18

                    To promote sustainable design and construction techniques in conjunction with the
                    sustainable use of natural resources.

                                        CRITERIA                                                INDICATORS
                    a)   Will it reduce carbon emissions?                         Household Recycling rates
                    b)   Will BREEAM, EcoHomes and the Code                       Average household water consumption
                         for Sustainable Homes be promoted?                       Renewable electricity generated as a
                    c)   Will it promote sustainable design and                    percentage of total energy supplied.
                         construction?
                    d)   Will it minimise waste production and
                         increase levels of reuse and recycling?
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                   OBJECTIVE 18

                    To promote sustainable design and construction techniques in conjunction with the
                    sustainable use of natural resources.

                                        CRITERIA                                                INDICATORS
                    e)   Will it make efficient use of natural
                         resources?
                    f)   Will     buildings,     materials and
                         infrastructure be re-used?



                   OBJECTIVE 19

                   To maintain, protect and enhance the character and quality of the townscape and
                   landscape.

                                        CRITERIA                                                INDICATORS
                    g) Will it maintain the visual character of                  Viability of Shopping Centres
                       the area?                                                 Percentage of planning permissions for
                    h) Will key views and relationships be                        major development including provision for
                       preserved and enhanced?                                    off-site    environment    and   transport
                    i) Will the relationship between buildings                    improvements to the adjacent street
                       and pedestrians be enhanced?                               scene, public realm, public open space, or
                    j) Will it ensure easy accessibility to open                  transport network
                       spaces?                                                   Total Area and number of UDP protected
                    k) Will it create a variety of functional open                sites, nature conservation areas and %
                       spaces to meet community and                               area managed for ecology
                       environmental needs?                                      Quality of parks and public open spaces
                    l) Will it improve physical activity and                      (using Park Survey results)
                       wellbeing?                                                Amount of public open space per 1000
                    m) Will it improve opportunities for                          residents
                       recreation and play?                                      Volume of road traffic
                                                                                 Neighbourhood Satisfaction
                                                                                 Previously-developed land (Brownfield
                                                                                  Sites) that is used or may be available for
                                                                                  redevelopment as a % of the local
                                                                                  authority land area



                                                         Questions for consideration

                   Q4 Are these objectives/key criteria/indicators suitable?
                   Q5 Are there any other objectives/key criteria/indicators that should be included
                        (please bear in mind that the number of objectives should be minimised to keep
                        the appraisal manageable)?
                   Q6 Are there objectives/key criteria/indicators that you feel should be included?




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          6         Task A5: Next Steps: Consulting on the Scope of
                    the SA
          6.1.1     The SA process is one which gradually builds up information and assessments, resulting
                    in the preparation of a Final Report. The Final Report will ultimately assess the preferred
                    AAP/SPD option. An iterative process will be used to provide the plan-making team with
                    draft sustainability assessments to inform the development of the preferred option. The
                    main stages of the SA process will run alongside the development of the AAP, as shown
                    in the Table 7.1.
                    Consulting on the Scope of the SA
          6.1.2     The purpose of the consultation is to ensure that the Sustainability Appraisal and Strategic
                    Environmental Assessment for the Masterplan provides a robust mechanism to assess
                    the economic, social and environmental effects of the plan.

          6.1.3     A consultation period lasting five weeks will be conducted during which time consultation
                    bodies will be asked to comment on this report and to provide advice where necessary.
                    Consultation bodies will include those agencies specified in the SEA Directive as well as
                    various other external organisations. The consultation bodies are set out as follows:

                    Statutory consultees
                    English Heritage
                    The Environment Agency
                    Natural England


          6.1.4     Following the incorporation of consultee comments, the Scoping Report will be finalised
                    and used as the basis for the SA.


                  Table 7.1: Next Steps

                               Stage in SA Process                                  Stage in preparing the AAP/SPD


                                   Scoping Report                             ‘Evidence gathering’ to inform preparation of
                                                                                            the AAP/SPD

                   Iterative Sustainability Appraisals to                   Development of the Preferred Option
                   inform the plan-making team

                   Draft Final        Sustainability         Appraisal      Consultation on the Preferred Option
                   Report

                   Submission of the Final Report                           Submission of the AAP


                                                          Questions for consideration

                   Q7 Do you have any other comments to make on the proposed consultation
                       arrangements?
                   Q8 Do you agree that the proposed SA process is of a sufficient level of detail and
                       scope?
                   Q9 Do you have any other comments on the draft SA Scoping Report?




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Appendix A
Plans, Policies and
Programmes To Inform
the Metropolitan
Masterplan SPD/AAP
London Borough of Newham                                                                               Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan
                                                  Sustainability Appraisal and Strategic Environmental Assessment Draft Scoping Report



       A1         Plans Policies and Programmes To Inform the
                  Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan SPD/AAP

                  The following plans, policies and programmes are derived from the Core Strategy and
                  S&LLV AAP Scoping Reports, (November 2007). New updated information made available
                  by LB Newham and other sources is highlighted in bold.



                                                          Questions for consideration

                      Q10. Are there any new plans policies, programmes, strategies, guidance or initiatives
                      that have not been included that will inform the Stratford Metropolitan Masterplan
                      AAP/SPD?




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       Key objectives relevant to the Masterplan and SA              Key targets and indicators           Implications for the                  Implications for the SA
                                                                     relevant to the Masterplan and SA    Masterplan

       INTERNATIONAL / EUROPEAN CONTEXT

       The Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development

       States a commitment to building a humane, equitable           Key commitments                      AAP/SPD policies to support           Check that the commitments are
       and caring global society                                                                          overall objectives                    reflected in the sustainability
                                                                     Sustainable production and                                                 appraisal framework
                                                                     consumption; Renewable energy
                                                                     and energy efficiency; Produce
                                                                     chemicals in ways that do not lead
                                                                     to significant adverse effects on
                                                                     human health and the environment;
                                                                     Develop integrated water resources
                                                                     management and water efficiency
                                                                     plans by 2005.



       Kyoto Climate Change Protocol 1997

       Established to limit the emissions of greenhouse              Reduce greenhouse gas emissions      Consider how the AAP/SPD can          Check that the requirements of
       gases                                                         by 5% of 1990 levels by 2008-12;     contribute to the objectives and      the protocol are reflected in the
                                                                     UK has an agreement to reduce        targets of the protocol               sustainability appraisal
                                                                     greenhouse gas emissions by                                                framework
                                                                     12.5% below 1990 levels by 2008-
                                                                     12 and a national goal to a 20%
                                                                     reduction in carbon dioxide
                                                                     emissions below 1990 levels by
                                                                     2010.



       UN Convention on Human Rights

       Details the basic civil and political rights of individuals   The rights of an individual to:      Ensure the AAP/SPD does not           Ensure the SA does not violate
       and nations                                                                                        violate any human rights              any human rights
                                                                     Legal recourse when their rights
                                                                     have been violated, even if the
                                                                     violator was acting in an official
                                                                     capacity; The right to privacy and
                                                                     protection of privacy by law;

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                                                                  Freedom of opinion and expression;
                                                                  Freedom of assembly and
                                                                  association.

       European Spatial Development Perspective 97/150/EC

       Based on the EU aim of achieving a balanced and            Economic and social cohesion;        The AAP/SPD policies should           Check that objectives are
       sustainable development, in particular by                                                       provide a sustainable spatial         reflected in SA framework
       strengthening economic and social cohesion                 Conservation of natural resources    vision
                                                                  and cultural heritage;
                                                                  More balanced competitiveness of
                                                                  the European territory; To achieve
                                                                  more spatially balanced
                                                                  development, these goals must be
                                                                  pursued simultaneously in all
                                                                  regions of the EU and their
                                                                  interactions taken into account

       EC Directive on the Conservation of Natural Habitats of Wild Fauna and Flora 92/43/EEC 1992

       Member states are required to take legislative and         No targets                           The AAP/SPD policies should           Check that the SA will take into
       administrative measures to maintain and restore                                                 protect and enhance habitats          account the conservation status
       natural habitats and wild species at a favourable                                               and conservation in the Stratford     of any areas in the Stratford and
       conservation status in the community. An                                                        and LLV area                          LLV area and will seek to identify
       assessment of the impact and implications of any                                                                                      measures to further maintain and
       plan or project that is likely to have a significant                                                                                  restore natural habitats
       impact on a designated site.



       European Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds 79/409/EEC 1979

       Member States have a duty to sustain populations of        No targets                           AAP/SPD policies to support           The SA will consider the impacts
       naturally occurring wild birds by sustaining areas of                                           overall objectives and                of the SPD/AAP on wild bird
       habitats in order to maintain populations at                                                    requirements of the Directive         populations. The requirements of
       ecologically and scientifically sound levels. This                                                                                    the Directive should be reflected
       applies to birds, their eggs, nests and habitats.                                                                                     in the SA framework.




       European Directive Nitrates 91/676/EEC

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       Reducing water pollution caused or induced by              No targets                           AAP/SPD policies to support           Check that the requirements of
       nitrates from agricultural sources and prevent further                                          overall objectives and                the Directive are reflected in the
       such pollution                                                                                  requirements of the Directive         Sustainability Framework



       European Directive Water Framework 29000/60/EC

       Enhance waterways and wetlands throughout                  Requires all inland and coastal      AAP/SPD policies to support           Check that the requirements of
       Europe; Make sure we use water in a sustainable            waters to reach “good status” by     overall objectives and                the Directive are reflected in the
       way; Reduce groundwater pollution                          2015                                 requirements of the Directive         Sustainability Framework
       Lessen the effects of floods and droughts; Protect
       and restore aquatic ecosystems; Requires the
       Environment Agency to prepare and Basin
       Management Plans (RBMPS) by 2009 to promote
       water management

       European Directive Waste Framework (Directive 75/442/EEC

       Waste is to be disposed of without causing danger to       No Targets                           AAP/SPD policies to support           Check that the requirements of
       humans, the environment, the countryside or places                                              overall objectives and                the Directive are reflected in the
       of interest. Noise and odour to be minimised                                                    requirements of the Directive         Sustainability Framework



       European Directive EIA 97/11/EC

       Ensure that environmental consequences of certain          No Targets                           AAP/SPD policies to support           Ensure that ‘appropriate
       plans and programmes are identified and assessed                                                overall objectives and                assessments’ are carried out for
       during their preparation and before their adoption                                              requirements of the Directive         sites in locations where
                                                                                                                                             development could negatively
                                                                                                                                             impact on the environment

       European Directive Energy Performance of Buildings 2001/91/EC

       To promote the improvement of the energy                   No Targets                           AAP/SPD policies to support           Ensure that the requirements are
       performance of buildings within the community, taking                                           overall objectives and                reflected in the Sustainability
       into account outdoor climatic and local conditions, as                                          requirements of the Directive         Appraisal Framework
       well as indoor climate requirements and cost
       effectiveness

       Directive 2002/49/EC Environmental Noise

       Monitor the environmental problem by drawing up            Permissible power sound levels are   The AAP/SPD will have to              The SA objectives should
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       strategic noise maps; Informing and consulting the         listed                                 comply with Noise Action Plans        address noise reduction
       public about noise exposure, its effects and the
       measures considered to address noise; Addressing
       local noise issues by requiring Local Authorities to
       draw up action plans to reduce noise where
       necessary and maintain environmental noise where it
       is good; Developing a long term EU strategy



       Air Quality Framework Directive (96/62/EC) and daughter directives

       Establishes mandatory standards for air quality Make       Standards for air quality are listed   AAP/SPD policies to support           The SA should include objectives
       information on air quality available to the public                                                overall objectives and                for air quality and ensure that the
                                                                                                         requirements of the Directive         requirements of the Directive are
                                                                                                                                               reflected in the assessment


       Directive 1999/30EC Limit Values for SO2, NOx, PM10 and Lead

       Establishes limit values for sulphur and nitrogen          Sets limits and deadline for SO2 for   The AAP/SPD should consider           The SA should include objectives
       dioxide, suspended particulates and lead in air Up to      2005 and health limit values for       the potential that development        for air quality
       date ambient concentrations of each are to be made         NO2 and lead to be met by 2010         may contribute to air pollution
       available to the public


       Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy July 2003 (UNEP)

       An innovative and proactive approach to stop and           No specific targets                    AAP/SPD policies should               The SA will consider biodiversity
       reverse the degradation of biological and landscape                                               conserve and enhance                  in accordance with the guidance
       diversity values in Europe;                                                                       biodiversity
       Strategy to introduce a coordinating and unifying
       framework for strengthening and building on existing
       initiatives. The strategy will assess the strengths and
       weaknesses of existing initiatives and promotes
       practical action where there is a lack of suitable
       instruments or where existing mechanisms are not
       implemented to there full potential



       Aarhus Convention 1998 (The UN Economic Commission for Europe Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and
       Access to Justice in Environmental Matters)

       Establishes a number of rights of the public (citizens     The right of everyone to receive       Production of Statement of            Production of Sustainability

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       and their associations) with regard to the                 environmental information that is      Community Involvement (SCI)           Report in consultation with
       environment. Public authorities (at national, regional     held by public organisations;                                                relevant organisations in
       or local level) are to contribute to allowing these                                                                                     accordance with Government
       rights to become effective                                 Public authorities are obliged to                                            Guidance and the Statement of
                                                                  actively disseminate environmental                                           Community Involvement
                                                                  information in their possession; The
                                                                  right to participate from an early
                                                                  stage in environmental decision
                                                                  making; The right to challenge, in a
                                                                  court of law, public decisions that
                                                                  have been made without respecting
                                                                  the two aforementioned rights or
                                                                  environmental law in general

       European Sustainable Development Strategy (ESDS) – European Commission June 2001

       Achieving sustainable development requires                 No specific targets                    AAP/SPD policies should               The SA will consider long
       economic growth that supports social progress and                                                 provide a sustainable spatial
       respects the environment. The strategy argues that in                                             vision and reflect the aim of this    term sustainability in accordance
       the long term economic growth, social cohesion and                                                strategy                              with guidance on this issue
       environmental protection must go hand in hand. The
       main aims of the strategy are: To limit climate change
       and increase the use of clean energy to address
       threats to public health; To manage natural resources
       more responsibly; To improve the transport system
       and land-use management

       EU Sixth Environmental Action Plan 1600/2002/EC

       Priority Areas; Climate Change; Nature and                 For each of these areas key            AAP/SPD policies to support the       Check that the requirements of
       Biodiversity; Environment and Health and Quality of        objectives and certain targets are     primary areas of the action plan      the Directive are reflected in the
       Life; Natural Resources and Waste.                         identified with a view to achieving                                          SA framework
                                                                  the main targets
       The objectives, priorities and actions of the
       Programme should contribute to sustainable
       development in the candidate countries.
       This directive sets out a set of common rules on
       permitting for industrial installations.

       EU Landfill Directive 99/31/EC

       The Directive's overall aim is to prevent or reduce as     The Directive sets targets to reduce   AAP/SPD policies to support           The SA should include objectives
       far as possible negative effects on the environment,       the amount of biodegradable            overall objectives and                for waste management and
       in particular the pollution of surface water,              municipal waste landfilled. These      requirements of the Directive         ensure that the requirements of
       groundwater, soil and air, and on the global               targets are: By 2010 to reduce                                               the Directive are reflected in the
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       environment, including the greenhouse effect, as well      biodegradable municipal waste                                                 SA framework
       as any risk to                                             landfilled to 75% of that produced in
                                                                  1995; By 2013 to reduce
       human health, from the landfilling of waste.               biodegradable municipal waste
                                                                  landfilled to 50% of that produced in
                                                                  1995 and by 2020 to reduce
                                                                  biodegradable municipal waste
                                                                  landfilled to 35% of that produced in
                                                                  1995.

       Directive 96/61/EC Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (The IPPC Directive)

       This directive sets out a set of common rules on           No specific targets                     AAP/SPD policies to support           The SA should include objectives
       permitting for industrial installations. The IPPC                                                  overall objectives and                for waste management and
       Directive is about minimising pollution from various                                               requirements of the Directive         ensure that the requirements of
       point sources throughout the EU.                                                                                                         the Directive are reflected in the
                                                                                                                                                SA framework




       NATIONAL CONTEXT

       Sustainable Communities: Building for the Future (2003)

       The significant opportunity to deliver comprehensive
       regeneration in the Thames Gateway and improve
       the quality of life for new and existing deprived
       communities has been recognised at national policy
       level. The document seeks to continue ‘ the urban
       renaissance’ with a ‘step-change’ in approach to
       tackling deprivation and under-investment in
       communities. The actions set out below underpin the
       SPD areas, which lies at the entrance to the Thames
       Gateway:
        To accommodate the economic success of London
         and the wider South East and ensure that the
         international competitiveness of the region is
         sustained, for the benefit of the region and the
         whole county;
        To alleviate pressures on services and housing
         caused by economic success where these
         pressures cannot readily be dealt with within

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         existing towns and cities; and
        Where new and expanded communities are
         needed, to ensure that these are sustainable, well-
         designed, high quality and attractive places in which
         people will positively choose to live and work.

       National Air Quality Strategy: Working Together for Clean Air (DETR, 2000)

       Ensure that everyone can enjoy a level of ambient air      Sets out a number of technical         Ensure that policies and              Consider sustainability objectives
       quality in public places which poses no risk to health     objectives for the purposes of local   proposals do not reduce air           that aim to minimise air pollution.
       or quality of life                                         air quality management                 Quality Consider how plan
                                                                                                         policies can support the
                                                                                                         objectives and targets of The Air
                                                                                                         Quality Strategy

       Planning for a Sustainable Future: White Paper

       The White Paper sets out our detailed proposals for        It proposes reforms on how we take     Consider how plan policies can        The SA Framework should
       reform of the planning system, building on Kate            decisions on nationally significant    support the objectives and            include objectives that reflect the
       Barker’s recommendations for improving the speed,          infrastructure projects - including    targets of the White Paper            aspirations of the White Paper
       responsiveness and efficiency in land use planning,        energy, waste, waste-water and
       and taking forward Kate Barker’s and Rod                   transport - responding to the
       Eddington’s proposals for reform of major                  challenges of economic
       infrastructure planning.                                   globalisation and climate change. It
                                                                  also proposes further reforms to the
                                                                  Town and Country Planning system,
                                                                  building on the recent improvements
                                                                  to make it more efficient and more
                                                                  responsive.




       The Future of Transport White Paper, DFT, 2004

       The strategy is built around three themes:                 Enhanced road networks – more          Consider how the AAP/SPD              Implications for the SA include
                                                                  capacity, road tolls, better           documents can contribute to the       the need to formulate objectives
        Sustained investment                                     management;                            national objectives and targets       that will address congestion and
        Improvements in transport management                                                            on transport                          accessibility of transport as well
                                                                  Railways – improve efficiency,                                               as issues such as health and air
        Planning ahead                                           structure                              Develop policies and proposals        pollution.
                                                                                                         that provide for the use of a
       Strategy objective: balancing the need to travel with      and performance; Enhanced local        range of modes of transport with
       the need to Improve quality of life. All transport         travel – promoting walking and         focus on reducing congestion
                                                                  cycling as alternatives to car use,
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       schemes also need to respect the environment.              more buses, use of school travel         and greenhouse gas emissions
                                                                  plans; Balanced approach to
                                                                  aviation; Maintaining high quality
                                                                  shipping; Sustainable freight
                                                                  transport

       Climate Change Act, November 2008

       The Government’s blueprint for tackling climate            A series of clear targets for reducing   Consider how plan policies can        Check that the objectives are
       change and accompanying strategy set out a                 carbon dioxide emissions –               support the objectives and            reflected in the sustainability
       framework for moving the UK to a low-carbon                including making the UK’s targets        targets of the Climate Change         appraisal framework
       economy. It demonstrates the UK’s leadership as            for a 80% reduction by 2050 and a        Act.
       progress continues toward establishing a post-Kyoto        26 to 32% reduction by 2020 legally
       global emissions agreement.                                binding.
                                                                  A new system of legally binding five
                                                                  year “carbon budgets”, set at least
                                                                  15 years ahead, to provide clarity on
                                                                  the UK’s pathway towards its key
                                                                  targets and increase the certainty
                                                                  that businesses and individuals
                                                                  need to invest in low-carbon
                                                                  technologies. A new statutory body,
                                                                  the Committee on Climate Change,
                                                                  to provide independent expert
                                                                  advice and guidance to Government
                                                                  on achieving its targets and staying
                                                                  within its carbon budgets.
                                                                  New powers to enable the
                                                                  Government to more easily
                                                                  implement policies to cut emissions.



       UK Climate Change Programme

       How the UK plans to deliver its Kyoto target to cut its    Improve business’s use of energy;        The AAP/SPD policies will need        Check that the objectives are
       greenhouse gas emissions by 12.5%, and move                Stimulate investment and cut costs;      to address climate change and         reflected in the sustainability
       towards its domestic goal to cut carbon dioxide            Stimulate new, more efficient            encourage development that            appraisal framework
       emissions by 20% below 1990 levels by 2010                 sources of power generation; Cut         minimises emissions,
                                                                  emissions from the transport sector;     encouragement of rail travel and
                                                                  Promote better energy efficiency in      freight, Energy efficiency should
                                                                  the domestic sector;                     be integrated into new housing
                                                                                                           developments.
                                                                  Improve energy efficiency
                                                                  requirements of the Building
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                                                                  Regulations; Continue the fall in
                                                                  emissions from agriculture and
                                                                  forestry; Ensure the public sector
                                                                  takes a leading role.

       Code for Sustainable Homes

       A new national standard for sustainable design and         The Code introduces minimum              Consider how plan policies can        Check that the objectives are
       construction of new homes.                                 standards for energy and water           support the objectives and            reflected in the sustainability
                                                                  efficiency at every level of the Code,   targets of the Code for               appraisal framework.
       It is a standard for key elements of design and            therefore requiring high levels of       Sustainable Homes.
       construction which affect the sustainability of a new      sustainability performance in these
       home. It will become the single national standard for      areas for achievement of a high
       sustainable homes, used by home designers and              Code rating; It is intended that the
       builders as a guide to development, and by home-           Code will signal the future direction
       buyers to assist in their choice of home.                  of Building Regulations in relation to
                                                                  carbon emissions from, and energy
                                                                  use in homes, providing greater
                                                                  regulatory certainty for the
                                                                  homebuilding industry.

       UK Biodiversity Action Plan

       The Action Plan is the UK Government's response to         A large number of monitoring             AAP/SPD needs to take due             The SA should be in line with the
       the International Convention on Biological Diversity       measures can be found in the             regard of the London BAP as           objectives of the London BAP.
       signed in 1992. It describes the UK's biological           individual plans.                        well as habitat and species
       resources, commits a detailed plan for the protection                                               action plans that are relevant to
       of these resources and has 391 Species Action                                                       the area.
       Plans, 45 Habitat Action Plans and 162 Local
       Biodiversity Action Plans with targeted actions

       Waste Strategy for England and Wales 2000

       Statement of Government policy on sustainable              Local authorities will be required to    Plan policies to contribute to        Check that the objectives are
       management of waste and resources                          meet statutory performance targets       achieving said objectives.            reflected in the sustainability
                                                                  (BVPIs) for recycling. Decisions                                               appraisal framework.
                                                                  about waste management should be
                                                                  based on BEPO.

       The Pollution Prevention and Control (England and Wales) Regulations 2000

       The regulations apply an integrated environmental          No specific targets                      Plan policies to contribute to        Check that the objectives are
       approach to the regulation of certain industrial                                                    achieving said objectives.            reflected in the sustainability
       activities and are the means by which the                                                                                                 appraisal framework.

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       Government has implemented the EU Directive on
       Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control
       (96/61/EC).
       The primary aim of the Directive is to ensure a high
       level of environmental protection and to prevent and
       where that is not practicable, to reduce emissions to
       acceptable levels.



       Working with the Grain of Nature: Biodiversity Strategy for England (DEFRA) 2002

       The strategy seeks to ensure biodiversity                   The Government’s objectives are:       AAP/SPD policies will need to         The SA will need to include
       considerations become embedded in all main sectors          To promote sustainable                 ensure that development does          objectives relating to biodiversity
       of public policy and sets out a programme for the next      development; To conserve,              not have a detrimental impact on      and will consider impacts on
       5 years to make the changes necessary to conserve,          enhance and restore the diversity of   biodiversity                          biodiversity in accordance with
       enhance and work with the grain of nature and               England’s wildlife and Geology; To                                           existing guidance
       ecosystems rather than against them; The strategy           contribute to an urban renaissance;
       sets out the Government’s vision for conserving and         To contribute to urban renewal
       enhancing biological diversity in England together
       with a programme of work to achieve it.



       Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000

       The Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 extends                                                 Plan policies to contribute to        Check that the objectives are
       the public's ability to enjoy the countryside whilst also                                          achieving said objectives             reflected in the sustainability
       providing safeguards for landowners and occupiers.                                                                                       appraisal framework
       It creates a new statutory right of access and
       modernises the rights of way system as well as giving
       greater protection to SSSIs, providing better
       management arrangements of Areas of Outstanding
       Natural Beauty and strengthening wildlife
       enforcement legislation.



       Making Space for Water (Defra) 2004

       “Making Space for Water” sets out the Government’s                                                 The AAP/SPD policies should           The SA will include objectives to
       strategy on flood and coastal erosion risk                                                         take into account all guidance        reduce vulnerability to climate
       management. The aim of the strategy is to reduce the                                               relating to flood risk and            change and to minimise the
       threat of flooding and coastal erosion to people and                                               management                            susceptibility to flooding
       property whilst delivering the greatest environmental,
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       social, and economic benefit. Significant propositions
       within the document include:
        The Government is seeking to increase the
         coverage and reliability of information on flood risk,
         for the benefit of awareness and decision making;
        Promoting a number of amendments to planning
         process, which have subsequently been
         incorporated into PPS 25;
        Promoting the use of flood resilience and resistance
         construction methods within new and existing
         buildings and the use of ‘rural’ methods (e.g.
         washlands, coastal realignment) to manage risk,
         and pilot projects for integrated urban drainage; and
        A strategic approach to coastal flooding and
         erosion.

       Strategy for Flood Risk Management (Environment Agency), 2003

       Aims:                                                                                            The AAP/SPD policies should           The SA will include objectives to
                                                                                                        take into account all guidance        reduce vulnerability to climate
        Have no loss of life through flooding;                                                         relating to flood risk and            change and to minimise the
        Reduce the risk to flooding to life, major                                                     management                            susceptibility to flooding
         infrastructure, environmental assets and some
         80,000 homes

       Health White Paper – Choosing Health – Making Healthy Choices Easier, (Department of Health), 2004

       This report sets out the new approaches to the health      The report sets out a number of       Plan policies to contribute to        Check that the objectives are
       of the public reflecting the raid and radical              targets to achieve the aims of the    achieving said objectives             reflected in the sustainability
       transformation of the English society in the latter half   strategy                                                                    appraisal framework
       of the 20th Century. The aims of the strategy are to:
       Have integrated planning and effective delivery of
       services; improve the health of the nation by reducing
       smoking, reducing obesity, increasing exercise,
       improving sexual health and improving mental health

       Choice for Parents, The Best Start for Children: A 10 Year Strategy for Childcare, December 2004

       This document sets out the governments vision to           Targets:                              Plan policies to address the          Ensure Sustainability Appraisal
       ensure that every child gets the best start in life and                                          issues raised by the plan             objectives reflect the aims of this
       to give parents more choice about how to balance           Choice and Flexibility – Parents to                                         programme
                                                                  have greater choice about

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       work and family life                                       balancing work and family life
                                                                  Availability – for all families with
                                                                  children up to 14 to affordable,
                                                                  flexible, high quality childcare
                                                                  Quality – high quality provision with
                                                                  a highly skilled childcare and early
                                                                  years workforce
                                                                  Affordability – families to be able to
                                                                  afford flexible high quality childcare
                                                                  that is appropriate for their needs

       PPS1: Delivering Sustainable Development, ODPM, 2005

       PPS1 sets out the Governments objectives for the                                                    The AAP/SPD should take a             The SA should encompass all of
        planning system, and the key principle and                                                         spatial approach and:                 the principles and objectives set
        objectives that should underpin the integration of                                                                                       out in the policy statement.
        sustainable development into development plans.                                                    Set a clear vision for future
                                                                                                           development in the borough
       Planning for sustainable development includes the
         following key areas:                                                                              Integrate a wide range of
                                                                                                           activities into development
        Social cohesion and inclusion                                                                     Include community involvement
        Protection and enhancement of the environment
        Prudent use of natural resources
        Sustainable economic development
       Key Principles:
        Sustainable development should be pursued in an
         integrated manner;
        Development plans should address the causes and
         impacts of climate change;
        Spatial planning approach should be at the heart of
         planning for sustainable development;
        Policies should promote high quality, inclusive
         design
        Clear, comprehensive and inclusive access policies
         should be included.
        Community involvement in planning
        The planning system also needs to become
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         transparent, flexible, predictable, efficient and
         effective.

       Supplement to PPS1: Planning and Climate Change, 2007

       This is an appendix to PPS1 and sets out how                                                   Policies of the PPS should be         The Borough will have to ensure
       planning should contribute to reducing emissions and                                           reflected in Local Development        that the objectives of the SA are
       stabilising climate change and take account of                                                 Documents.                            in general conformity with
       unavoidable consequences. It should be read                                                                                          policies and objectives in the
       alongside the PPS/G series.                                                                                                          PPS.

       PPS3: Housing, 2006

        High quality housing that is well-designed and built     No specific targets or indicators   Policies need to take account of      The SA will include objectives
         to a high standard.                                                                          housing objectives by                 relating to housing density, mix
                                                                                                      encouraging the design of good        and quality.
        A mix of housing, both market and affordable,                                                housing, integrating choice, and
         particularly in terms of tenure and price, to support                                        promoting sustainable location
         a wide variety of households in all areas, both                                              of housing.
         urban and rural.
        A sufficient quantity of housing taking into account
         need and demand and seeking to improve choice.
        Housing developments in suitable locations, which
         offer a good range of community facilities and with
         good access to jobs, key services and
         infrastructure.
        A flexible, responsive supply of land – managed in
         a way that makes efficient and effective use of land,
         including re-use of previously-developed land,
         where appropriate.



       PPS9: Biodiversity and Geological Conservation, 2005

       To promote sustainable development by ensuring             No specific targets or indicators   The AAP/SPD will need to              The SA will include objectives
       that biological and geological diversity are conserved                                         consider balancing economic           relating to nature conservation
       and enhanced as an integral part of social,                                                    development and nature                and the protection of wildlife and
       environmental and economic development, so that                                                conservation, can also include        will consider impacts on
       policies and decisions about the development and                                               policies for the conservation of      biodiversity in accordance with
       use of land integrate biodiversity and geological                                              biodiversity beyond the               existing guidance.
       diversity with other considerations.• To conserve,                                             designated sites, for example
       enhance and restore the diversity of England’s                                                 the creation of new habitats as
       wildlife and geology by sustaining, and where
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       possible improving, the quality and extent of natural                 part of a new development
       habitat and geological and geomorphological sites;
       the natural physical processes on which they depend;
       and the populations of naturally occurring species
       which they support. To contribute to rural renewal
       and urban renaissance by:
       - enhancing biodiversity in green spaces and among
       developments so that they are used by wildlife and
       valued by people, recognising that healthy functional
       ecosystems can contribute to a better quality of life
       and to people’s sense of well-being; and
       - ensuring that developments take account of the role
       and value of biodiversity in supporting economic
       diversification and contributing to a high quality
       environment.

       PPS10: Planning for Sustainable Waste Management, 2005

       Help deliver sustainable development through driving                  The AAP/SPD policies will need        The SA should include objectives
       waste management up the waste hierarchy,                              to address waste and encourage        to ensure sustainable use of
       addressing waste as a resource and looking to                         developments that minimise and        materials through efficient use of
       disposal as the last option, but one which must be                    recycle waste in the Borough.         raw materials and increased use
       adequately catered for; Provide a framework in which                                                        of recycled materials,
       communities take more responsibility for their own                                                          composting waste and waste
       waste, and enable sufficient and timely provision of                                                        reduction in the Borough.
       waste management facilities to meet the needs of
       their communities; Help implement the national waste
       strategy, and supporting targets, are consistent with
       obligations required under European legislation and
       support and complement other guidance and legal
       controls such as those set out in the Waste
       Management Licensing Regulations 1994; Help
       secure the recovery or disposal of waste without
       endangering human health and without harming the
       environment, and enable waste to be disposed of in
       one of the nearest appropriate installations; Reflect
       the concerns and interests of communities, the needs
       of waste collection authorities, waste disposal
       authorities and business, and encourage
       competitiveness; Protect green belts but recognise
       the particular locational needs of some types of waste
       management facilities when defining detailed green
       belt boundaries and, in determining planning
       applications, that these locational needs, together

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       with the wider environmental and economic benefits
       of sustainable waste management, are material
       considerations that should be given significant weight
       in determining whether proposals should be given
       planning permission; and ensure the design and
       layout of new development supports sustainable
       waste management.

       PPS11: Regional Spatial Strategies, 2004

       New arrangements for regional planning to deliver           No specific targets              The policies of the AAP/SPD will      The SA framework will have to
       policy better at the regional level and contribute to the                                    have to be in general conformity      take into account policies in the
       cultural change necessary to deliver the                                                     with those in the RSS                 RSS
       Government’s Sustainable Communities Plan.
       The RSS will have to be produced on an inclusive
       basis of partnership working and community
       involvement and integrate better with other regional
       strategies. The RSS provides a spatial framework to
       inform the Local Development Documents (LDDs).

       PPS12: Local Spatial Planning, 2008




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       The Local Development Framework, together with             The AAP/SPD should contain            Advice in PPS12 to be                 Sustainability Appraisal
       the Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS) provides the           within its documents an               followed throughout the               (incorporating Strategic
       essential framework for planning in the local              integrated set of policies which      AAP/SPD Process.                      Environmental Assessment) to
       authority’s area.                                          are based on a clear                                                        be integral to the AAP/SPD
                                                                  understanding of the economic,                                              process.
       This PPS, along with the Plan-making Manual                social and environmental needs
       accompanying it, replaces PPS12 Local                      of the area and any constraints
       Development Frameworks (2004) and the                      on meeting those needs.
       companion guide Creating LDFs (2004). This PPS
       and the Plan-Making Manual1 reflect the lessons            The strategy and the policies in
       learned from the first three years of operation of         local development documents
       the new planning system in England brought in              (LDDs) should relate to the
       by the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act                geography of the area and be
       2004.                                                      founded on its physical and
                                                                  demographic characteristics,
       The PPS explains what local spatial planning is,           internal and external links and
       and how it benefits communities. It also sets out          relationships with neighbouring
       what the key ingredients of local spatial plans are        areas
       and the key government policies on how they
       should be prepared. It should be taken into                Key milestones should be
       account by local planning authorities in preparing         identified in the Local
       development plan documents and other local                 Development Scheme (LDS)
       development documents.                                     which is essentially a project plan


       PPS22: Renewable Energy, 2004

       Government objectives to renewable energy are set          Contains the following two national   Develop plan policies in line with    Consider sustainability objectives
       out in the aforementioned Energy White Paper               targets:                              PPS22; Consider how the plan          that aim to increase the
                                                                                                        can contribute to national            proportion of energy generated
                                                                  Cut UK carbon dioxide emissions by    targets; The AAP/SPD should           from renewable energy sources
                                                                  60% by 2020, with real progress by    include policies that promote         and to reduce greenhouse gas
                                                                  2010                                  and encourage use of                  emissions.
                                                                  Generate 10% of UK electricity from   renewable energy in new
                                                                  renewable resources by 2010 and       development; Where policies do
                                                                  20% by 2020                           restrict a comprehensive
                                                                                                        justification is needed; A criteria
                                                                                                        based approach should be
                                                                                                        applied to assess planning
                                                                                                        applications.



       PPS23: Planning and Pollution Control, 2004

       Local Planning Authorities are expected to adopt a         Ensure the sustainable and            Consideration should be given         Ensure sustainability appraisal
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       strategic approach to integrate their land use             beneficial use of land (and in          to providing a strategic approach     objectives address issues of
       planning processes with plans and strategies for the       particular encouraging reuse of         within the Core Strategy of the       pollution and land contamination
       control, mitigation and removal of pollution, as far as    previously developed land in            SPD. The SPD will have to take
       it is possible and practicable to do so                    preference to Greenfield sites);        account of the requirements of
                                                                                                          this guidance by taking a criteria
                                                                  Polluting activities that are           based approach to assessing
                                                                  necessary for society and the           proposed developments and
                                                                  economy should be sited and             ensuring policies encourage a
                                                                  planned and subject to such             reduction in pollution.
                                                                  planning conditions that their
                                                                  adverse effects are minimised and
                                                                  contained to within acceptable
                                                                  limits; Opportunities should be taken
                                                                  wherever possible to use the
                                                                  development process to assist and
                                                                  encourage the remediation of land
                                                                  already affected by Contamination;
                                                                  Ensure that appropriate
                                                                  assessments’ are carried out for
                                                                  sites in locations where
                                                                  development could negatively
                                                                  impact on the environment (i.e. EIA)

       PPS25 Development and Flood Risk, 2006, updated 2010

       The aims of planning policy on development and             Sequential and Exception tests to       The AAP/SPD must ensure that          The SA must ensure that flood
       flood risk are to ensure that flood risk is taken into     be applied.                             flood risk is assessed, managed       risk is assessed, managed and
       account at all stages in the planning process to avoid                                             and reduced.                          reduced in Stratford and LLV.
       inappropriate development in areas at risk of flooding,
       and to direct development away from areas at highest
       risk.
       Where new development is, exceptionally, necessary
       in such areas, policy aims to make it safe without
       increasing flood risk elsewhere and where possible,
       reduce flood risk overall.
       The PPS was updated in 2010 to reflect revisions to
       Tables D1 and D2 in Annex D to clarify the definition
       of functional floodplain, and to amend how the policy
       is applied to essential infrastructure, including water
       treatment works, emergency services facilities,
       installations requiring hazardous substances consent
       and wind turbines in flood risk areas.

       REGIONAL

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       The London Plan: Spatial Development Strategy for Greater London, 2004

       The Mayors Strategy for the spatial development of           The London Plan gives a range of   The Borough will have to ensure       The Borough will have to ensure
       London, with which the Borough’s plans must be in            targets which developments must    that the policies in the SPD are      that the objectives of the SA are
       general conformity.                                          meet.                              in general conformity with            in general conformity with
                                                                                                       policies and objectives in The        policies and objectives in The
       The Mayor sets his vision for London as ‘to develop                                             London Plan.                          London Plan.
       London as an exemplary, sustainable world city,
       based on the three balanced and interwoven themes
       of strong, long-term and diverse economic growth,
       social inclusively and fundamental improvements in
       the environment and use of resources’.
       It includes six objectives:
        To accommodate London’s growth within its
         boundaries without encroaching on open spaces.
        To make London a better city for people to live in.
        To make London a more prosperous city with
         strong and diverse economic growth.
        To promote social inclusion and tackle deprivation
         and discrimination.
        To improve London’s accessibility.
        To make London a more attractive, well-designed
         and green city.
       Stratford and the LLV are identified within the
       adopted London Plan as Opportunity Areas within
       East London. It states that the planning framework for
       Stratford should build on existing proposals to
       harness transport, development and labour market
       capacity and create a major new commercial centre
       at Stratford to accommodate 600,000sqm of office
       space and over 30,000 jobs by 2019.
       It should also be complemented by strategically
       significant new retail and leisure provision sufficient to
       ensure that Stratford develops as a new
       ‘Metropolitan’ Town Centre with 4,500 new homes
       over a range of tenure with a 50% target for
       affordable homes. A close integration of new
       development on rail lands and rejuvenation of the
       existing town centre, including physical links, is
       crucial. In relation to the LLV, the planning framework
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       should reflect the excellent public transport
       connections at West Ham and Canning Town, extend
       the cluster of creative activities at Three Mills and
       attract 6,000 new housing units and leisure
       opportunities.
       The London Plan includes a series of policies in
       relation to the good design to help accommodate
       London’s growth within its boundaries.
       The following policies, among others are relevant to
       the SPD area and should be taken into account as
       central to future development within the SPD area:
        Policy 3C.1 Integrating transport and development
        Policy 3C.2 Matching development to transport
         capacity
        Policy 3C.3 Sustainable transport in London
        Policy 4A.6 Improving air quality
        Policy 4A.13: London’s drainage and sewerage
         infrastructure
        Policy 4A.15: Boroughs should develop policies that
         include the impacts of climate change, in particular
         with regards to the increased risk of tidal flooding.
        Policy 4B.1 Design principles for a compact city
        Policy 4B.3 Maximising the potential of sites
        Table 4B.1 Density location and parking matrix
        Policy 4B.4 Enhancing the quality of the public
         realm
        Policy 4B.5 Creating an inclusive environment
        Policy 4B.6 Sustainable design and construction
        Policy 4B.7 Respect local context and communities
        Policy 4B.8 Tall buildings –location
        Policy 4B.9 Large-scale buildings –design and
         impact
       The London Plan identifies the Blue Ribbon Network
       which includes the River Thames, the canal network
       and the other rivers and streams within London and
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       London’s open water spaces such as docks
       reservoirs and lakes. It includes culverted (or covered
       over)

       Sustainable Design and Construction: The London Plan SPG, 2006

       Guidance to provide additional information to support      The SPG sets both required and                                               The SA should be in keeping
       the implementation of the London Plan                      aspirational targets for sustainable                                         with the intentions of this SPG in
                                                                  design and construction.                                                     terms of sustainable design and
                                                                                                                                               construction.


       The Mayor’s Ambient Noise Strategy: Sounder City, March 2004

       The aim of the strategy is: ‘to minimise the adverse                                              The location, design and layout       SA to include objectives and
       impacts of noise on people living and working in, and                                             of development will have to be        indicators for noise reduction, to
       visiting London using the best available practices and                                            considered by the AAP/SPD             minimise its impact within the
       technology within a sustainable development                                                       with regard to noise implications.    Borough.
       framework’. It recognises the importance of London’s                                              Noise from air traffic will also
       ‘Soundscape’.                                                                                     need to be monitored
       Three key issues have been identified:
        Securing good, noise reducing surfaces on
         Transport for London’s roads.
        Securing night aircraft ban across London.
        Reducing noise through better planning and design
         of new housing

       The Mayor’s Cultural Strategy: London Cultural Capital, April 2004

       The Mayor’s Cultural Strategy has four key                                                        The AAP/SPD will need to              The aims of strategy should be
       objectives:                                                                                       consider policies on                  reflected in the developing the
                                                                                                         encouraging developments that         objectives of the SA.
        Excellence: to enhance London as a world-class                                                  enhance creativity and culture
         city of culture.                                                                                within the Borough. It will also
        Creativity: to promote creativity as central to the                                             have to ensure that facilities are
         success of London.                                                                              accessible to all members of the
                                                                                                         community and are accessible
        Access: to ensure that all Londoners have access                                                by sustainable transport.
         to culture in the city.
        Value: to ensure that all London gets the best value
         out of its cultural resources.


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       The Mayor’s Economic Strategy: Success through Diversity, July 2001 & First Review Sustaining Success, January 2005

       The strategy ‘supports the development of London’s                                   AAP/SPD policies should               The SA objectives will include
       economy, promotes employment, helps people                                           encourage new development             topics such as sustainable
       participate in London’s economy and supports                                         that is sustainable and promotes      buildings in infrastructure,
       businesses to be more competitive, all within the                                    economic growth and social            economic efficiency; knowledge
       context of economic development being fair and                                       inclusion.                            and skills base; and social
       sustainable’. Four major investment themes within                                                                          exclusion.
       the strategy:
        Places and infrastructure- promote sustainable
         growth; deliver an improved and effective
         infrastructure to support
        growth; deliver healthy, sustainable, high quality
         communities.
        People – tackle barriers to employment; reduce
         disparities in labour market
        Enterprise – address barriers to enterprise;
         improve workforce skills; maximise productivity and
         innovation.
        Marketing and promoting London – ensure
         coherent approach to both.

       The Mayor’s Energy Strategy: Green Light to Clean Power, May 2004

       Strategy to change the way energy is supplied and                                    The AAP/SPD policies will need        The objectives of the strategy
       used over the next ten years in London. Strategy                                     to consider energy efficiency,        should be reflected in the SA.
       aims ‘to improve London’s environment, reduce the                                    the generation of pollution and       Topics of relevance that should
       capital’s contribution to climate change, tackle fuel                                the location and design of            be included include climate
       poverty and promote economic development’.                                           buildings.                            change, fuel poverty, energy
       Specific aims are:                                                                                                         efficiency, economic benefits and
                                                                                                                                  design of buildings.
        Reducing London’s contribution to climate change
         by minimising emissions of carbon dioxide through
         energy efficiency, combined heat and power,
         renewable energy and hydrogen.
        Eradicating fuel poverty by giving Londoners most
         vulnerable groups access to affordable warmth
        Contribute to London’s economy by increasing job
         opportunities and innovation in delivering
         sustainable development

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       The Mayor’s Municipal Waste Strategy: Rethinking Rubbish in London, September 2003

       It is the Mayor’s objective to develop a ‘waste             to recycle or compost at least 25   The AAP/SPD policies need to          The SA needs to incorporate and
       reduction, reuse and recycling-led’, cohesive and            per cent of household waste by      incorporate and act towards the       act towards the objectives and
       sustainable strategy for the management of London’s          2005                                objectives and targets set out by     targets set out by this strategy.
       waste which will:                                                                                this strategy.
                                                                   to recycle or compost at least 30
        Change the way we use resources so that we                 per cent of household waste by
         waste less. This will require us to deal with waste in     2010
         a sustainable way, and people and communities to
         take responsibility for their waste.                      to recycle or compost at least 33
                                                                    per cent of household waste by
        Reduce the amount of (municipal) waste produced            2015.
         in London.
                                                                   to recover value from 40 per cent
        Increase the proportion of London’s (municipal)            of municipal waste by 2005
         waste being reused.
                                                                   to recover value from 45 per cent
        Increase the proportion of London’s (municipal)            of municipal waste by 2010
         waste being recycled and ensure recycling facilities
         are available for all.                                    to recover value from 67 per cent
                                                                    of municipal waste by 2015.
        Ensure that waste is managed in such a way as to
         minimise the impact on the environment and health.
        Move London towards becoming more self-
         sufficient in managing its (municipal) waste within
         the region, and towards waste being dealt with as
         close to the place of production as possible.
        Meet the objectives of the National Waste Strategy
         and Landfill Directive, and other European
         Directives, by reducing the amount of London’s
         biodegradable municipal waste sent to landfill and
         reducing the toxicity of waste.
        Increase capacity of, stabilise and diversify the
         markets for recyclables in London; including green
         purchasing and encouraging redesign of goods and
         services to increase consumer choice.
        Maximise opportunities to optimise economic
         development and job creation opportunities in the
         waste management and reprocessing sectors,
         contribute to the improvement of the local
         community, and directly or indirectly improve the
         health of Londoners.
        Strategically plan waste facilities for London that
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         meet the needs of the Waste Strategy and enable
         its implementation.
        Collect and share data and information on
         municipal waste management in London, and other
         places; the identification and dissemination of best
         practice will help to improve performance and
         reduce inefficiencies.
        Minimise the transport of waste by road and
         maximise the opportunities for the sustainable use
         of rail and water.
        Improve the local environment and street scene
         environment.

       Industrial Capacity SPG, 2003

       In addition to PPG12, this guidance encourages                                 The AAP/SPD policies need to           The SA needs to incorporate and
       owners and occupiers of industrial land and agencies                           incorporate and act towards the        act towards the objectives and
       to manage and invest in capacity to meet the                                   objectives and targets set out by      targets set out by this strategy.
       changing needs of different types of industry. In                              this strategy.
       addition, mixed use, higher density re-development of
       some Strategic Employment locations close to town
       centres and public transport nodes is encouraged

       London Tree and Woodland Framework (Forestry Commission and Mayor of London) 2005

       A strategic framework for protecting, maintaining and                          The AAP/SPD should ensure              The SA should ensure that tree
       enhancing London’s tree and woodland resources.                                that tree and woodland                 and woodland resources are
                                                                                      resources are protected and            protected, enhanced and
                                                                                      enhanced within the Masterplan.        maintained.



       Housing SPG, 2005

       The guidance supplements the London Plan by                                    The AAP/SPD policies need to           The SA needs to incorporate and
       providing guidance on the policies set out within the                          incorporate and act towards the        act towards the objectives and
       Plan in relation to affordable housing and housing                             objectives and targets set out by      targets set out by this guidance.
       need assessment and market demand.                                             this guidance.
       The SPG identifies the additional total target for
       homes in LBN between 1997 and 2016 of 17,770 with
       an annual monitoring target of 890 homes.


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       The London Plan Consolidated with Alterations since 2004, (2008)

       The 2008 London Plan consolidates previous                 The London Plan gives a range of   The Borough will have to              The Borough will have to
       alterations of the London Plan 2004 into one               targets which developments must    ensure that the policies in the       ensure that the objectives of
       formal document, and includes a number of                  meet.                              SPD/AAP are in general                the SPD/AAP are in general
       replaced policies.                                                                            conformity with policies and          conformity with policies and
                                                                                                     objectives in The London              objectives in The London Plan.
                                                                                                     Plan.
       Draft Alterations to the London Plan, 2006
       The Draft Alterations to the London Plan (2006)
       propose a new minimum target for housing provision
       targets and waste and minerals.
       The alterations proposed a new minimum target for
       housing provision of 31,090 additional homes a year
       for London from all sources, together with individual
       borough targets.
       Newham’s annual target is set as 3,510 homes with a
       ten year target of 35,100 homes.
       The draft alterations identify the number and type of
       new or enhanced recycling and recovery facilities
       required and the opportunities for their broad location,
       and gives further guidance on the safeguarding of
       London’s resource of land won aggregates.
       Further Alterations to the London Plan, 2006
       The Further Alterations to the London Plan (2006)
       includes policies to optimise the development of
       Opportunity Areas.
       The Stratford and LLV Area will accommodate some
       of the most important strategic regeneration initiatives
       for London and an urban renewal challenge of global
       significant to include the 2012 Olympic and
       Paralympic site and its legacy; the development of a
       new Metropolitan Centre focused on Stratford Town
       Centre and railway lands; and a rich mix of industry,
       housing and open space in the Lower Lea Valley.
       An overall potential has been identified for up to
       50,000 new jobs; including over 30,000
       predominantly office based jobs at Stratford City, in
       addition to the 7,000 temporary jobs from the
       construction of the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic

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       Games.

       Consultation Draft Replacement London Plan, 2009

       The consultation draft replacement London Plan             The London Plan gives a range of   The Borough will have to              The Borough will have to
       is shorter version of the current Plan and                 targets which developments must    ensure that the policies in the       ensure that the objectives of
       contains fewer policies which are at a more                meet.                              SPD/AAP are in general                the SPD/AAP are in general
       strategic level. Each policy is now subdivided to                                             conformity with policies and          conformity with policies and
       show what it is aimed at and who it is for – with                                             objectives in The London              objectives in The London Plan.
       sections (where appropriate) on strategic,                                                    Plan.
       London-wide policy; policy to inform planning
       decisions (by London boroughs, or in the case of
       planning applications of strategic importance, the
       boroughs and the Mayor); and policy to help with
       the preparation of the boroughs’ local
       development frameworks (LDFs).

       The Mayor’s Economic Development Strategy Consultation Draft 2009

       The purpose of the Mayor’s Economic                                                           The Borough will have to              The Borough will have to
       Development Strategy (EDS) is to set out the                                                  ensure that the policies in the       ensure that the objectives of
       Mayor’s ambitions for the economic development                                                SPD/AAP are in general                the SPD/AAP are in general
       of the capital to 2031; to provide the Greater                                                conformity with policies and          conformity with policies and
       London Authority Group and other strategic                                                    objectives in The London              objectives in The London Plan.
       organisations with a clear vision, an analysis of                                             Plan.
       the economy and policy directions for achieving
       our ambitions; and to clarify roles and
       responsibilities with other parties who make a
       major contribution to developing London’s
       economy.

       Lower Lea Valley OAPF, 2007

       The LBN makes up approximately 60% (738ha) of                                                 The AAP/SPD policies need to          The SA needs to incorporate and
       the LLV Opportunity Area. Residential and industrial                                          incorporate and act towards the       act towards the objectives and
       uses each make up around a third of the LLV area,                                             objectives and targets set out by     targets set out by this strategy.
       with 10% as green space.                                                                      this strategy.
       The LLV regional study proposes release of up to
       53% of Newham’s industrial base in the LLV, most of
       which is allocated for new housing development and
       significant increases in green space. The combined
       development of Stratford City and the 2004 O&LPP
       would introduce a new retail and office core, and
       legacy sports facilities. The report states that based
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       on strategic assumptions of industrial land release to
       2016 Newham has the potential capacity to deliver a
       total of between 24,000 and 30,500 new homes. Of
       this total, 4,440 would be delivered as part of the
       Stratford City redevelopment, and 8,107 as part of
       the 2004 Olympic and Legacy Planning Permissions.
       A further 9,750 units could be delivered in the
       Borough through development in new residential
       areas, 6,350 through mixed use development, and
       2,000 from potential residential intensification focused
       on new and existing town centres at Stratford, West
       Ham and Canning Town, and through estates
       renewal. In relation to flooding, the document
       recognises that although flood risk is a key issue,
       regeneration offers the opportunity to “re-engage with
       the waterways”. It also recognises that development
       proposals need to be supported by detailed
       hydrologic and hydraulic assessments, and should be
       consistent with the additional technical information
       prepared to support the LLV Regeneration Strategy.
       The consultation draft promotes the implementation
       of sustainable drainage systems for the long term
       management of flood risk.



       East London Sub-Regional Development Framework, 2006

       The Framework identifies the LLV and Stratford as                     The AAP/SPD policies need to          The SA needs to incorporate and
       the ‘ fulcrum’ tying together the Thames Gateway to                   incorporate and act towards the       act towards the objectives and
       the east and the London-Stansted-Cambridge                            objectives and targets set out by     targets set out by this strategy.
       Corridor to the north. The key issues for the area are:               this strategy.
        managing the expansion of Stratford into a
         sustainable Metropolitan Centre, ensuring that
         strategic retail needs are addressed and transport
         options maximised with the need to secure the
         viability of other centres in the network;
        co-ordinating the Olympic Games with the rest of
         the Valley to ensure efficient, sustainable
         regeneration; managing the release of industrial
         land while ensuring retention of capacity essential
         for strategic employment/service functions;
        to incorporate the extension of the LVRP (as set
         out in the Olympic Legacy proposals) and ensure
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         good access from adjacent communities;
        securing the potential for high quality residential led
         mixed development with a strong employment
         component, which meets local need in terms of
         size.
       A series of high density hubs are proposed, including
       Stratford as an axial sub-regional node for
       regeneration and the LLV as a major reservoir of low
       cost business space close to the Central Activities
       Zone (CAZ).The framework identifies an indicative
       employment capacity for the LLV of 8,500 based on
       the London Plan estimated capacity 2001-2016 and
       the emerging capacity. It also identifies an estimated
       capacity of 6,000 homes between 2001-2016.

       London Plan East London Green Grid Framework SPG, 2008

       The framework provides guidance on the                                 The AAP/SPD policies need to          The SA needs to incorporate and
       implementation of policies in the London Plan                          incorporate and act towards the       act towards the objectives and
       (Consolidated with Alterations 2004 (2008) and                         objectives and targets set out by     targets set out by this strategy.
       identifies the LLV as a specific green grid area. Its                  this strategy.
       strategic objectives include creating a major new park
       in the Olympic Legacy proposals; to improve access
       to the Thames and links across watercourses in the
       LLV; to provide high quality community-orientated
       urban parks linked by the Regent’s Canal in the
       Victoria Park/Mile End Park Link; to refurbish and
       enhance the Northern Outfall Sewer Link and connect
       it with the Thames Gateway Bridge proposals; and to
       improve and formalise public access to the Higham’s
       Park Link.

       Lea Valley Regional Park Plan (LVRP), 2000

       The Plan creates a vision for the regional Park that                   The AAP/SPD policies need to          The SA needs to incorporate and
       includes a series of policies that aim to:                             incorporate and act towards the       act towards the objectives and
                                                                              objectives and targets set out by     targets set out by this strategy.
        Protect and enhance the resources of the Park;                       this strategy.
        Guide development within and adjacent to the Park;
         and
        Guide and inform the proposals of Part 2 of the
         Plan.

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       The vision anticipates that the policies will influence
       new development to create a Regional Park with an
       image and identity that transcends local authority
       boundaries. The LVRPA is currently developing
       proposals to form a Park Development Framework
       (PDF) which, following current consultation, will
       replace the Overplant.



       The London Thames Gateway Development Corporation (LTGDC)

       The LTGDC exists to improve the quality of life of         35,000 new homes              The AAP/SPD policies need to          The SA needs to incorporate and
       residents and businesses in the Thames Gateway by                                        incorporate and act towards the       act towards the objectives and
       delivering jobs and housing as part of the                                               objectives and targets set out by     targets set out by this strategy.
       Government’s Sustainable Communities Plan.                                               this strategy.
       The Corporation are currently preparing a 2 year
       Corporate Plan from 2006/2008 that identifies the
       Corporation’s key objectives.
       Their LLV Vision brochure identifies the area as the
       largest remaining regeneration opportunity in inner
       London.
       They identify the opportunity to provide 250ha of new
       and improved public open space; concentrating
       development around centres at Stratford, West Ham,
       Bromley by Bow and Hackney Wick; creating 35,000
       new homes; creating 50,000 new jobs; and creating a
       connected valley with a sustainable legacy.

       Environment Agency Thames Estuary 2100 Project (TE2100)

       The Environment Agency's Thames Estuary 2100                                             The AAP/SPD policies need to          The SA needs to incorporate and
       project is developing a strategy for flood risk                                          incorporate and act towards the       act towards the objectives and
       management in the Thames Estuary.                                                        objectives and targets set out by     targets set out by this strategy.
                                                                                                this strategy.
       The main purpose of the strategy is to move towards
       integrated river basin management by looking at
       whole river catchments rather than smaller artificial
       segments. The main outcomes of the strategy for the
       Thames estuary to date are:
        All new developments in the estuary should
         incorporate measures to mitigate against
         environmental risks and enhance environmental

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         opportunities
        Development should improve the quality and
         accessibility of open spaces

       Catchment Flood Management Plans

       Catchment Flood Management Plans (CFMPs) are                            The AAP/SPD policies need to          The SA needs to incorporate and
       intended to provide a large scale, strategic planning                   incorporate and act towards the       act towards the objectives and
       framework for the integrated management of flood                        objectives and targets set out by     targets set out by this strategy.
       risks to people, property and the environment in a                      this strategy.
       sustainable manner over the next 50 to 100 years.
       The overall vision of the Thames Region CFMP for
       the next 50 years is to generally reduce flood risk and
       incorporate flood resilience into new developments,
       and in the longer term, provide a more integrated
       approach to urban drainage systems. The Thames
       Region CFMP is expected to be available in draft
       format in Spring 2007. It is expected that the key
       objectives out of the Thames Region CFMP will be
       included in, and tailored to, the LLV Regeneration
       SFRA.




       LOCAL CONTEXT

       Newham Community Economic Development (CED) Plan 2002-2003

       The CED Plan intends to maximise Newham’s                               The AAP/SPD must be                   The SA should pay regard to the
       increasing range of employment and enterprise                           consistent with the intentions of     objectives of the CED Plan in the
       opportunities.                                                          the CED Plan                          setting of objectives.
        To provide community and voluntary groups and
         networks with the expertise and infrastructure to
         create sustainable and inclusive solutions in
         response to their identified economic development
         needs.
        To promote and support the development of
         community business and social enterprise.
        To draw communities out of social and economic
         exclusion by developing packages of targeted
         interventions to increase take up amongst excluded

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         communities of existing employment and training
         initiatives.

       Children and Young People’s Plan 2006 – 2012 (Draft)

       The Children and Young People’s Plan (CYPP) will                                            The AAP/SPD must be                   The SA should pay regard to the
       be crucial in achieving the improvements in outcomes                                        consistent with the intentions of     objectives of the CED Plan in the
       and services which we want to accomplish in                                                 the CYPP                              setting of objectives.
       Newham through the national Every Child Matters:
       Change for Children programme. The plan provides a
       framework which all the various organisations in the
       borough that work with children and young people will
       use as a basis for their work.



       Inclusive Education Strategy 2004–2007

       The ultimate goal for LB Newham’s inclusive                                                 The AAP/SPD must be                   The SA should have particular
       education strategy is to make it possible for every                                         consistent with the intentions of     regard to the priorities of the
       child, whatever special educational needs they may                                          the proposals.                        management proposals in the
       have, to attend their neighbourhood school, to have                                                                               setting of objectives.
       full access to the national curriculum, to be able to
       participate in every aspect of mainstream life and
       achieve their full potential.’

       Three Mills Conservation Area, Character Appraisal and Management Proposals, 2006

       This document defines and records the special              No key indicators or targets     The AAP/SPD must be                   The SA should have particular
       architectural and historic interest of the conservation                                     consistent with the intentions of     regard to the priorities of the
       area and identifies opportunities for enhancement.                                          the proposals.                        management proposals in the
                                                                                                                                         setting of objectives.
       It provides a firm basis on which applications for
       development within the Three Mills Conservation
       Area can be assessed.
       The Management Plan provides guidelines to prevent
       harm and achieve enhancement.

       Stratford and St John’s Conservation Area Character Appraisal and Management Proposals, 2009

       The appraisal defines and records the special              No key indicators or targets     The AAP/SPD must be                   Given that it is located within
       architectural and historic interest of the                                                  consistent with the intentions        the Masterplan area, the SA
       conservation area and identifies opportunities for                                          of the proposals.                     should have particular regard
       enhancement.                                                                                                                      to the priorities of the
                                                                                                   The London Thames Gateway             management proposals in the
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       It also informs and guides those who want to                                               Development Corporation               setting of objectives.
       make changes to the Area.                                                                  (LTGDC) is the planning
                                                                                                  authority for part of the
       The Management Plan provides detail as to what                                             Conservation Area (CA) with
       the Council plans to do in the next 5 years to                                             regard to listed building
       further preserve and enhance the area.                                                     consents. Furthermore it is
                                                                                                  the planning authority for
                                                                                                  significant planning
                                                                                                  applications on key sites
                                                                                                  adjacent to the Conservation
                                                                                                  Area, between Broadway and
                                                                                                  Great Eastern Road and north
                                                                                                  of High Street. There is a clear
                                                                                                  expectation that the scale and
                                                                                                  design of any redevelopment
                                                                                                  proposals within its area have
                                                                                                  due regard to the need to
                                                                                                  safeguard and enhance the
                                                                                                  setting of the Conservation
                                                                                                  Area.



       University Conservation Area Character Appraisal and Management Proposals, 2010

       This document defines and records the special              No key indicators or targets    The AAP/SPD must be                   Given that it is located within
       architectural and historic interest of the                                                 consistent with the intentions        the Masterplan area, the SA
       conservation area and identifies opportunities for                                         of the proposals.                     should have particular regard
       enhancement.                                                                                                                     to the priorities of the
                                                                                                                                        management proposals in the
       It also informs and guides those who want to                                                                                     setting of objectives.
       make changes to the Area.
       The Management Plan provides detail as to what
       the Council plans to do in the next 5 years to
       further preserve and enhance the area.



       Sugar House Lane Conservation Area Character Appraisal and Management Proposals, 2010

       This document defines and records the special              No key indicators or targets    The AAP/SPD must be                   The SA should have regard to
       architectural and historic interest of the                                                 consistent with the intentions        the priorities of the
       conservation area and identifies opportunities for                                         of the proposals.                     management proposals in the
       enhancement.                                                                                                                     setting of objectives.
       It also informs and guides those who want to

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       make changes to the Area.
       The Management Plan provides detail as to what
       the Council plans to do in the next 5 years to
       further preserve and enhance the area.



       LLV (Stratford to Thameside) Planning Framework 2002

       The Framework identifies Newham as an ‘Arc of                         The AAP/SPD should act to             Incorporate the objectives of the
       Opportunity’ intended to act as a catalyst for further                promote the objectives of the         planning framework in the SA
       development and regeneration to promote London as                     Framework.                            objectives and link to
       a world city. It comprises an arc of major                                                                  milestones/outputs of the
       development opportunity sites stretching from                                                               AAP/SPD where possible.
       Stratford through the LLV, Royal Docks and London
       City Airport to Beckton.
       The long term strategy for achieving this is by:
        identifying the key components for the area’s
         regeneration;
        providing a basis for co-ordinating future public and
         private investment;
        establishing a planning framework for determining
         future development proposals; and
        identifying those elements of the vision that are
         considered capable of being implemented in the
         short to medium term.
       The hubs within the SPD area exist as key
       development nodes within this framework, which
       plays an important role in linking the new areas with
       the existing communities on the eastern side of the
       LLV.
       The proposed north/south road, public transport
       improvements, greater use of waterways and the
       series of development nodes will form the underlying
       structure of regeneration in the LLV.

       Draft Thameside and the Royals Area Action Plan, 2006

       The Consultation Draft of the Preferred Options for                   The AAP/SPD should act to             Incorporate the objectives of the
       the SPD aims to deliver change in a key part of the                   promote the objectives of the         plan in the SA objectives and link
       Borough to ensure that development complements                                                              to milestones/outputs of the
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       the Council’s vision as well as national and regional                     plan.                                 AAP/SPD where possible.
       policy.
       The preferred options state the release of 38.4ha of
       industrial land for other uses including residential,
       open space, employment and education.
       The submission draft of the preferred options is
       currently being drafted.

       Canning Town and Custom House Masterplan SPD

       The SPD for Canning Town and Custom House was                             The AAP/SPD should consider           Incorporate the topics of the
       prepared to reflect revised masterplan framework for                      the design topics of the policy.      guide in the SA objectives and
       the area by Erick van Egeraat Associated Architects                                                             link to milestones / outputs of the
       2007.                                                                                                           AAP/SPD where possible.
       The revision of an earlier 2004 masterplan and
       Supplementary Planning Guidance were
       commissioned to take account of changing
       circumstances, including in particular land values,
       changing policy requirements in the delivery of
       additional housing, the forthcoming effects of the
       Olympics and Crossrail to the area and development
       opportunities being brought forward.

       Stratford Renaissance Partnership Draft Strategic Plan, 2007

       This Plan sets out their key objectives over the next                     The AAP/SPD should promote            Incorporate the objectives and
       ten years. It includes the following key objectives:                      the objectives and targets of this    targets of the Plan in the SA
                                                                                 Plan.                                 objectives and link to
        an agreed vision for Stratford Town Centre and                                                                milestones/outputs of the
         High Street;                                                                                                  AAP/SPD where possible.
        a real community engagement and consultation;
        transformation into a sustainable and socially
         inclusive urban area serving all communities;
        develop a high quality public realm; promote an
         integrated Masterplan for the Island Site;
        promote inward investment; co-ordinate relevant
         local financial commitments.
        A separate Business Plan document takes forward
         these objectives, with proposed projects and
         interventions over the next three years; this will be

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         launched in September 2007.

       Strategic Flood Risk Assessment for the Lower Lea Valley Olympic & Legacy SFRA, 2004

       A SFRA was prepared and submitted in support of                                        The AAP/SPD should promote            Incorporate the objectives and
       the LLV Olympic & Legacy Planning Applications                                         the objectives and targets of this    targets of the SFRA in the SA
       (January 2004). This assessment identified Flood                                       SFRA.                                 objectives and link to milestones
       Zones, actual risk and the residual risk which could                                                                         /outputs of the AAP/SPD where
       be used in support of the planning application                                                                               possible.
       proposals and to inform those making land use
       decisions within the Olympic and Legacy Masterplan
       area 2004.
       This SFRA was subsequently updated (March 2004)
       to make use of previously unavailable data, and was
       submitted as part of the LLV Olympic & Legacy
       Regulation 19 Submission in May 2004.
       There was also a requirement to issue a reformatted
       SFRA to the Environment Agency. This amended
       document, (issued in October 2004), was again
       based on data assembled for the LLV Olympic and
       Legacy Planning Applications.

       Lower Lea Flood Risk Management Strategy, 2003

       Following the severe flood event of 2000 and in                                        The AAP/SPD should promote            Incorporate the objectives and
       consideration of the planned future development, the                                   the objectives and targets of this    targets of the SFRA in the SA
       Environment Agency commissioned a Lower Lea                                            SFRA.                                 objectives and link to milestones
       River Flood Risk Management Strategy in January                                                                              / outputs of the AAP/SPD where
       2003 and the Strategic Environmental Assessment                                                                              possible.
       for the Strategy was made final in August 2006. The
       objective of the study was to identify and appraise
       flood management options for the
       1 in 100 year return period (1% annual probability)
       event, whilst taking into consideration significant
       environmental effects and the effects of climate
       change. The proposed Strategy includes both
       structural and non-structural measures over the short,
       medium and long term. Measures proposed include
       works to improve the capacity of the River Lea Flood
       Relief Channel (RLFRC) and storage options in the
       Middle and Lower Lea catchments. All non–structural
       measures identified will be taken forward as part of
       the Strategy including:

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        Continued maintenance of control structures,
         systems and channel conditions;
        Further local studies and investigation, including the
         effect of River Lea operating procedures on flood
         risk;
        Raise flood risk awareness and improved
         development control input;
        Local flood protection and alleviation measures;
        Improved guidance on Sustainable Drainage
         Systems;
        Improved quality of flood flow data;
        Improved effectiveness of hydraulic and
         hydrological models;
        Improved flood warning; and increased public
         awareness, consultation and partnering



       London Borough of Newham Background Papers, 2006

       Background papers were developed for the Local                                  The AAP/SPD should promote            Incorporate the objectives and
       Development Framework in 2006 and covered the                                   the objectives and targets of this    targets of the SFRA in the SA
       following topic areas: community services;                                      SFRA.                                 objectives and link to milestones
       environment; housing; transport; open space and                                                                       /outputs of the AAP/SPD where
       outdoor recreation; and retail and town centres.                                                                      possible.

       London Borough of Newham Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (SFRA), 2009-present
                                                                                       The AAP/SPD should promote            Incorporate the objectives and
       A borough-wide Strategic Flood Risk Assessment                                  the objectives and targets of         targets of the SFRA in the SA
       was commissioned by LB Newham to support its                                    this SFRA.                            objectives and link to
       Local Development Framework (LDF). This has                                                                           milestones /outputs of the
       been undertaken in accordance with the guidance                                                                       AAP/SPD where possible.
       in Planning Policy Statement 25 –Development
       and Flood Risk that states that a sequential risk
       based approach should be applied to decision
       making at all levels of the planning process. The
       principle stages being the Regional Level
       (London Plan), the Local Level (this assessment)
       and the site level (planning applications). The
       SFRA is a moving document that will be updated
       as new information is incorporated.
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       Joint Waste Development Plan Document (DPD) Draft, August 2009

       The Joint Waste DPD is being developed by the                                              The AAP/SPD should promote            Incorporate the objectives and
       four East London Waste Authority (ELWA)                                                    the objectives and targets of         targets of the Joint Waste DPD
       boroughs of LB Newham, Barking & Dagenham,                                                 this Joint Waste DPD.                 in the SA objectives and link to
       Havering and Redbridge.                                                                                                          milestones /outputs of the
                                                                                                                                        AAP/SPD where possible.
       The purpose of the Joint Waste DPD is to set out
       a planning strategy to 2020 for sustainable waste
       management which enables the adequate
       provision of waste management facilities
       (including disposal) in appropriate locations for
       municipal, commercial & industrial, construction
       & demolition and hazardous wastes.
       The Joint Waste DPD will form part of the LDF
       and help deliver the relevant elements of the
       Community Strategy for each borough.

       Newham Sustainable Community Strategy, February 2010

       The Newham Sustainable Community Strategy                  Seven key priorities form the   The AAP/AAP/SPD should                Incorporate the objectives and
       provides the overarching vision and community              basis for the delivery of the   promote the objectives and            targets of the plan in the SA
       priorities for the Borough from 2010-2030. The             Strategy, these being:          targets of this plan.                 objectives and link to
       Strategy is owned by the Local Strategic                                                                                         milestones/outputs of the
       Partnership (Newham Partnership) and forms the              Safer Newham                                                        AAP/SPD where possible.
       framework for the Local Area Agreement. The                 Housing Newham
       strategy envisages how the council and its
       partners will make Newham a place where people              Cleaner Greener Newham
       choose to live, work and stay. It aims to give
                                                                   Active and Connected Newham
       clearer focus to the key priorities aimed at
       benefitting the borough, and show the direction             Young Newham
       of travel needed over the next few years. Key
       principles of the approach are:                             Ambitious Newham

        Building personal and economic capacity                   Healthy Newham

        Trust and fairness
        Connecting people.
        It will measure this by monitoring a number of
         Local Area Agreement 2008/2011 targets.

       Olympic and Paralympic Strategic Regeneration Framework Stage 1, October 2009

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       The Strategic Regeneration Framework (SRF)                 The Critical Actions up to 2015 are    The AAP/AAP/SPD should               Incorporate the objectives and
       brings together the regeneration of the physical           as follows:                            promote the objectives and           targets of the plan in the SA
       area of the host boroughs and the socio-                                                          targets of this plan.                objectives and link to
       economic regeneration of the communities who               1. Smarter collaboration across                                             milestones/outputs of the
       live within it.                                               service and organisational                                               AAP/SPD where possible.
                                                                     boundaries to deliver
       The SRF will work by improving the co-ordination              convergence outcomes;
       and delivery of socio-economic interventions
       linked to the Olympic Games legacy. The SRF will           2. Developing an integrated
       provide sub-regional strategic leadership to                  investment and development
       address barriers to improvement, and harness                  framework to manage future
       the opportunities available through the sub                   growth and deliver convergence
       region’s improved connectivity, housing offer,                outcomes
       public realm and economic growth.                          3. Delivering a higher quality
       The Framework needs to influence all aspects of               public realm to broaden the
       the regeneration of the host borough sub region               impact of the Olympic Park and
       over a 20-year period. It therefore requires a                bring direct benefit to local
       flexible and iterative approach, combined with                communities
       firm objectives and clear outcomes for the                 4. Commission a single well-
       community. The Framework also needs a strong                  informed economic and
       and stable governance framework that can hold                 employment forecast for the
       all SRF delivery partners to account.                         host boroughs
                                                                  5. Developing a programme to
                                                                     share best practice more widely
                                                                     to accelerate schools
                                                                     improvement, and boost
                                                                     achievement
                                                                  6. Using the Olympic and
                                                                     Paralympic momentum to
                                                                     motivate, raise aspirations and
                                                                     promote community
                                                                     involvement
                                                                  7. Creating a top-quality
                                                                     employment and skills service
                                                                  8. Expanding and streamlining our
                                                                     dialogue with employers
                                                                  9. Delivering affordable homes
                                                                     and expanding choice and
                                                                     mobility for social housing
                                                                     tenants
                                                                  10. Tackling major causes of
                                                                      premature deaths by targeted
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                                                                                                       Sustainability Appraisal and Strategic Environmental Assessment Draft Scoping Report


                                                                     health measures and promoting
                                                                     healthier lifestyles
                                                                  11. Building a cross-borough gangs
                                                                      strategy to reduce youth crime
                                                                      and build safer neighbourhoods
                                                                  12. Develop a programme of
                                                                      regional community and major
                                                                      sporting events, to promote
                                                                      engagement in sport and
                                                                      disabled sport and encourage a
                                                                      long-term sporting culture.




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                                                                                        Sustainability Appraisal and Strategic Environmental Assessment Draft Scoping Report




          7         References


i
   Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, 2005. Sustainability Appraisal of Regional Spatial Strategies and Local Development Documents.
ii
    http://www.pas.gov.uk/pas/core/page.do?pageId=152450
iii
    London Borough of Newham, 2009. Metropolitan Stratford Masterplan Brief v6.
iv
    Shared Intelligence. Metropolitan Stratford Masterplan Draft Socioeconomic Baseline Report. February 2010.
v
    Urban Initiatives, 2010. Metropolitan Stratford Masterplan Evidence Base Report.
vi
    Shared Intelligence. Community Infrastructure in Stratford and New Town Ward, March 2010.
vii
     www.magic.gov.uk
viii
      Land Use Consultants Ltd, for LB Newham. Newham Biodiversity Action Plan Evidence. November 2009.
ix
    See ref: 4
x
    LB Newham, UDP Saved Policy OS7
xi
    See ref:5
xii
     Olympic, Paralympic and Legacy Transformation Applications ES, February 2007. Drawings OLY-OLF-ILL-DWG-STW-SPC-IND-002, OLY-GLB-ILL-DWG-
STW-DEM-IND-002.
xiii
      LB Newham UDP, Proposals map EQ4.
xiv
      LB Newham Local Development Framework Open space and Outdoor Recreation. February 2006.
xv
     Information from Olympic, Paralympic and Legacy Transformation Applications ES, February 2007. Figure 18.19, Road Noise Map 2021 With Scheme. Figure
18.20 Rail Traffic Noise Map 2021 With Scheme.
xvi
      See ref: 5
xvii
      Lend Lease. Stratford City, Plot N12. Diesel Emissions Air Quality Assessment.
xviii
       www.environment-agency.gov.uk
xix
      See ref: 5.
xx
     See ref: 5.
xxi
      Halcrow Group Ltd. Metropolitan Stratford Masterplan Transport & Engineering Study Baseline Report, February 2010




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