VERB TeacherWeb by benbenzhou

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									VERBS
                Verbs
•   Make things happen
•   Show action or show state of being
•   Indicate time of action or being
•   Verbs are the most important words
    in a sentence.
                    ACTION VERBS
1. VERB--the main word in the
predicate
   A. ACTION VERB
 a word that expresses action. Can be
physical or mental.
                   A.V.
 Ex: Elizabeth eats ice cream because
        it is her favorite food.
TYPES OF ACTION VERBS
A. Physical Action Verbs
    EX: run           explore
          dive        construct


              B. Mental Action Verbs
              EX: remember love
                    need    learn \
                           PRACTICE
Directions: Locate the action verb and identify it as physical or
mental.
                       M
1. Helen enjoys having pets in her
home.     P
2. She fed two crazy cats and a cute
dog named Gino.P
3. Her cat attacks when he is upset.
                     M
4. She appreciates it when her
     husband walks the pets.
          VERBS with DIRECT OBJECTS

1. DIRECT OBJECT--a noun or
pronoun in the predicate that
receives the action of the verb
     answers the question whom
 or what after the action verb
                    A.V.
                            D.O.
  Ex: Elizabeth cooked chicken for
        dinner on Monday .
   A. Transitive Verb
 has a direct A.V.
                object D.O.
     Ex 1: Elizabeth consumed two cookies for dessert.
                     A.V.
                             D.O.              D.O.
           Ex 2: She ate a cookie and a brownie.

      B. Intransitive Verb
    does not have a direct object
                                     A.V.
                     Ex: Elizabeth ate fast.
                          PRACTICE
Directions: Locate the action verb. Identify the direct object for the
transitive verbs.
1. Helen’s grandmother cooks
meatballs.
2. She makes meatballs and gravy for
her children and grandchildren.

3. Her entire family gathers at lunch
time.
4. After lunch, they thank her for the
     meatballs and red gravy.
          VERBS with INDIRECT OBJECTS


2.   INDIRECT OBJECT--a noun or pronoun
     in the predicate that tells to whom or
to what an action is done
          answers the question to whom, to
what, or for what after the action verb
                      A.V.      I.O.       D.O.
         Ex: Paul read his sister a chapter from the
         book.
               Important Notes
     A.Only sentences with a direct
object can have an indirect object

     B. Indirect objects always come            befor
     the direct object
     Sentences can have more than               one
indirect object
              A.V.   I.O.     I.O.    D.O.
  Ex : She gave Matt and Paul a game to play.
                          PRACTICE
Directions: Box the verb, underline the direct object, and double
underline the indirect object.


1.     His boss gave Kenny a calculator.

2.     Kenny handed Elaine the pile of work.

3.     She brought her co-worker the data.

4.     Kenny showed his boss the spreadsheet.
              LINKING VERBS
     1.     LINKING VERB
connects the subject of a sentence with a
predicate noun or predicate adjective.
A. forms of the verb to be are linking verbs
(am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been).
              Ex: My mom is a loving person.
                          L.V.
B.    seem, appear, look, become, taste, feel,
smell, & grow are used as linking verbs (relating
to the 5 senses or a state of being).
                                  L.V.
                          Ex: My mom seems friendly to all.
 A. Predicate Noun                       
 noun that follows a linking verb        
 names or identifies the
                  L.V.     P.N.
 subject      Ex: I am a teacher.


B. Predicate Adjective
adjective that follows a linking verb
describes the subject P.A.
                   L.V.
             Ex: I am predictable.
                          PRACTICE
Directions: Box the linking verb. Identify if it is followed by a
predicate noun or predicate adjective.

1.     Kenny seemed curious about the pizza.
                       PA
2.     He is an eater. PN
3.     The pizza looked delicious.                       PA
4. It appeared large enough for more than
                      PA
one person.
5.     Kenny was a hungry boy.                         PN
 B. Helping Verb--helps the
 main verb to show an action or
 make a statement

  Forms of the verbs be,
 do, and have can be used as
 main verbs or helping verbs.
                        H.V.   M.V.

EX: After that, we will eat breakfast.
• Helping Verbs:
• Group 1: is, am, are, was, were,
  be, being been.
• Group 2: has, have, had
• Group 3: do, does, did
• Group 4: shall, will, should, would
• Group 5: may, might, must, can,
  could
              Practice:
• Underline the helping verb and circle
  the main verb.
• 1. I was running to catch the ball, but
  missed.
• 2. My mom was driving like a maniac.
• 3. The teacher should take your
  phone away.
• 4. We will feel better after the test.
                    VERB PHRASES


A. Verb Phrase--consists of a
main verb and all of its helping
verbs
             V.P.

EX: I can go to the store before dinner.
                         PRACTICE
Directions: What is the verb phrase?

1. I will enjoy shopping for clothes.
2. My brother did hate shopping with
me when we were kids.
3.     I must look for bargains the next time
       I go to the mall.
4.     My husband may go with me on my
       next trip to the outlet stores.
  Principle Parts of Verbs
• Every verb has four basic forms
  called its principle parts:
  –   The   present call
  –   The   present participle (is) calling
  –   The   past called
  –   The   past participle (has) called
            Note:

• With helping verbs, these
  four parts make all the
  tenses and forms of the
  verb.
            Practice:
1. She was named the principal of
  the school. Past participle
2. He performed his solo in front
of the school. past
3. We love to listen to him sing.
             present

4. She is singing for them.
                       Present participle
    IRREGULAR VERBS
A. Regular Verbs--add -ed or -d to
form past and past participle
B. Irregular Verbs--past and past
participle are formed in a variety of ways


  Refer to RGW page 88.
                  Practice:
    Write the past tense and past participle
                 of each verb.
•   1.   speak    Spoke, (have) spoken
•   2.   drive    drove, (have) driven
•   3.   know     knew, (have) known
•   4.   write    wrote, (have) written
•   5.   throw    threw, (have) thrown
•   6.   freeze   froze, (have) frozen
         Simple Tenses
A.  Present Tense--tells that something is
    happening now or repeatedly
               Ex: I see.
B. Past Tense--an action that has already
happened                  Ex: I saw.
C. Future Tense--an action that will take
place             Ex: I will see.
Tense- is a verb form that shows the
time of an action or condition
                       PRACTICE
Directions: Box the verb. Identify if it is in present, past, or future
tense.
1.     School is a great place to learn.
                      present
2.     FJHS opened in 1996.
                           past
3.     I shall teach here until the end of time.
                  future

4.     Teaching takes a lot of hard work.
                                present
  PRESENT, PAST, & FUTURE
       PROGRESSIVE
A.Present Progressive—form of a
verb expresses action that is
continuing now
EX: Lizzy’s mom and dad are
watching television.
B. Past Progressive-
verb form that expresses
action that continued
for some time in the
past

EX: I was enjoying that show.
C. Future Progressive
• Future Progressive-verb form
  that expresses action that will
  continue in the future.
•    Progressive forms are made up
  of a form of BE and the present
  participle.

  Sarah will be going soon.
                           PRACTICE
Directions: Box the verb or verb phrase. Identify it as present or
past progressive.
1.     Helen was driving to the movie theater.
                      past progressive
2. Her husband and their dog were
sleeping while she drove there.
               Past progressive

3. They are always looking for the
              present progressive
popcorn.
4. She is leaving because pets aren’t
    allowed in the theater.       present progressive
        PERFECT TENSE

A. PERFECT--made up of a form of have
and the past participle of the main verb

 1. Present Perfect Tense--expresses an
action that happened at an indefinite time
in the past or that started in the past and is
still happening in the present
                    Ex: Daryl has jumped.
2.   Past Perfect--expresses
     an action that was
     complete before another
     past action
      Ex: Daryl had jumped.
 3. Future Perfect--expresses an action
that will be completed in the future before
some other future event

         Ex: Daryl will have jumped.
                      PRACTICE
Directions: Box the verb. Identify it as present, past, or future
perfect tense.

1.     Daryl has played fantasy football.
                    present perfect
2.     He had enjoyed it in years past.
                 past perfect
3. He will have participated in this event
                                   Future perfect
for a total of five years.
4. His wife had forcefully explained that
he will not be playing next year.
                                                     past perfect
                            PRACTICE
Directions: Tell the past & past participle.
1. drink drank                             6. burst
                                                 burst
(have, has, had) drunk                     (have, has, had) burst
2. knowknew                                7. choose
                                                chose
(have, has, had) known               (have, has, had) chosen
3. blow             blew                   8. speak     spoke
(have, has, had) blown           (have, has, had) spoken
4. swingswung                    9. lend                lent
                                           (have, has, had) lent
(have, has, had) swung
5. fly               flew        10. eat                  ate
(have, has, had) flown           (have, has, had) eaten
  Unit 5 Lesson 11                  SUBJECT-VERB
                     AGREEMENT
     1. Verbs must agree in number with
subjects Use a singular verb with a singular
subject
         Ex: The chef cooks yummy meals.




Use a plural verb with a plural subject
         Ex: Chefs cook yummy meals.
*If there is a compound subject follow these
rules:
-When the conjuction is the word AND always
use the plural verb
-When the conjunction is OR or NOR use the
verb that matches the subject that is closest to
the verb.

EX: Beth and Mark go to dinner.
Beth or Mark goes to dinner.
                          PRACTICE
Directions: Pick the correct form of the verb.

1.     Frogs (is, are) big and green.
2.     My pet frog (eat, eats) flies.
3.     How (do, does)a frog jump so high?
4.     Scientists (study, studies) frog habits.

5.     My pet frog (has, have) spots on its
       stomach.
   UNIT 5
 VERBS
Lesson 12
 PGS. 158-159
                  Unit 5 Lesson 12
             MECHANICS--Commas
      Use to separate 3 or more items in
a series
 Ex :   I enjoy eating, sleeping, and shopping.


     Use after an introductory                    word or
phrase

        Ex : No, I do not like to wash dishes.
        Use to set off a word or phrase that
        interrupts the flow of thought
Ex : Folding clothes, in my opinion, is also a pain in the
neck.



        Use to set off a noun
        of direct address

           Ex : Kenny, I do not enjoy cleaning.
                         PRACTICE
 Directions: Place any needed commas in each sentence.

1.                                     ,
       Are you doing anything tonight Mom?
2.     Yes I, am going to iron my clothes.
                                ,
3. The clothes in the basket of course are
        ,
ready to be pressed.

4.                                     , ,
        After I do that I, will fold fluff and
        straighten.
 The End
  of
 UNIT 5
VERBS

								
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