إدارة موقع by sabrigooda

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									                 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
              ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
                  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬





‫א‬

 ٢١٠
                                            ٢١٠                                     ‫א‬
                                                 ‫א‬                                 



             W،،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
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  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                      
                                                                  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                          
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
    ‫א‬        ،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  
  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ،  
  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
       ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ،‫א‬   
                                         K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                          
  ‫א‬  ?   ?  ? ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ? ‫א‬ ‫א‬  
                                 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                          
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                          
  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                     K‫א‬
                                                                                                             
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                                               
                                 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                              ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
                                  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                 
                ‫א‬
               ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬




١
    ‫א‬‫א‬                             ٢١٠                                 ‫א‬
     ‫א‬‫א‬                            ‫א‬                             



                                                                                                  W‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                 K‫א‬
                                                                                                      
                                                                                      W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                            ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
                                                                                                 
                        ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
              ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
                                                                                                      
                                                                           W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                      
                                                                   ٥ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                      
                                                                                    W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                                                 -١-
        ‫א‬‫א‬                                ٢١٠                                   ‫א‬
          ‫א‬‫א‬                              ‫א‬                              



                                                   
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                       
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                       K‫א‬‫א‬W
                          
،‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                
                                                                                ‫א‬‫א‬١J ١
     W،E١J ١F‫א‬‫א‬
   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ١
                                                                                               
                                                                            W ‫א‬
                                                                                               
           K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ J 
                                                                                               
          ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ J 
        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                           
        ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
                                      K‫א‬‫א‬––‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                            
   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ J 
                                                                                            K‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬––‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
    ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٣
                           K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                         
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
                  KE٢F‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
                                                                                            KE‫א‬F


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        ‫א‬‫א‬                                 ٢١٠                               ‫א‬
         ‫א‬‫א‬                                ‫א‬                           



                 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–J ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–K‫א‬
                                                                                 K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                             
                  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                                         
                                                                                                             
     ‫א‬‫א‬          ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬     ‫א‬‫א‬                        
                                                                                               ‫א‬        
                            ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                  ‫א‬       
                                ‫א‬‫א‬                                                     
                                                                                                             
                        ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                             
                             ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                                                 
                                                                                                             
                             ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WE١J ١F


                                                                                          ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
             K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
       ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                                                                       K‫א‬




                                                         -٣-
       ‫א‬‫א‬                          ٢١٠                              ‫א‬
        ‫א‬‫א‬                         ‫א‬                         



                                                                                 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                            K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
     ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                  
                                                                                 ‫א‬٢J ١
     ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                     K‫ א‬J ١
                                                                                K‫א‬‫ א‬J ٢
                                                                               K‫א‬‫ א‬J ٣
                                                                             K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٤
                                                                               K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٥
                                                                K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٦
                                                                     K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
                                                                           K‫א‬ J ٨
     K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬
                                                                         ‫א‬‫א‬١J ٢J ١
                                                                            
         ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  
                                            K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
       ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                                 K




                                                 -٤-
        ‫א‬‫א‬                           ٢١٠                                 ‫א‬
         ‫א‬‫א‬                          ‫א‬                             



                                                    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١J ١J ٢J ١
     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                         K‫א‬‫א‬
     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
     ‫א‬‫א‬،K‫א‬
                                                                                      
           ،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
                                                                                 
                                              K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                       
                                                                       ‫א‬٢J ١J ٢J ١
       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                         W‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                                    K‫א‬–
                                                                          K‫א‬‫א‬J 
                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                            K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                                                K‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                                                      K‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                            K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                                        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                             KKKK‫א‬–‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                          
                                                              K‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                       
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،
                                                       
‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬
                                               
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،

                                                   -٥-
         ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢١٠                                  ‫א‬
          ‫א‬‫א‬                              ‫א‬                              



 ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                  
 ،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                          K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                               
                                                                         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣J ١J ٢J ١
        
   ،‫א‬٪١–‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                         
                                                   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                               
 ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
                             
 K‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ١F،‫א‬




                                                        -٦-
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                                  ٢١٠                                                          ‫א‬
      ‫א‬‫א‬                                                 ‫א‬                                                    



                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                 
                                     W ‫א‬                                                          W            ‫א‬
                                                                                                                                                 
                                     W            ‫א‬‫א‬                                                  W ‫א‬‫א‬
                                     W          ‫א‬‫א‬                                                  W            ‫א‬          
                                                                                                               W               ‫א‬
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                         KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬
                                                                                    ‫א‬‫א‬
           KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
               
             KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK    KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
           KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
           ،KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٪KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
                                                                                                      K
            KKKKKKKKKK L KKKKKKK L KKKKKKK   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  
                                         
            K‫א‬‫א‬KKKKKKKKKKLKKKKKKKLKKKKKKK
             ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ 
                                    KE‫א‬‫א‬FKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                                                
                                         ‫א‬                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                
                                       ‫א‬                                                                           
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                                   ‫א‬‫א‬WE٢J ١F




                                                                         -٧-
         ‫א‬‫א‬                                ٢١٠                                     ‫א‬
          ‫א‬‫א‬                               ‫א‬                                 



                                                                           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤J ١J ٢J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٪٥‫א‬‫א‬
                                                        
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                                       K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                        
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
             
 ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E٣J ١F، ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                   K‫א‬‫א‬




                                                          -٨-
 ‫א‬‫א‬                                                   ٢١٠                                                           ‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬                                                  ‫א‬                                                      



                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                    
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                                      W ‫א‬                                                            W             ‫א‬       
                                      W            ‫א‬‫א‬                                                    W ‫א‬‫א‬                
                                      W          ‫א‬‫א‬                                                    W             ‫א‬         
                                                                                                                  W                ‫א‬
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                                                                                           KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬
                                                                                      ‫א‬‫א‬                                
          KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                                         
          KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK                      
                                                                                                               
           KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK                                   
             ،   KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK   
          ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٪KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
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          ‫א‬‫א‬،
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                
           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                K‫א‬‫א‬                 
           KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK‫א‬‫א‬                                             
          ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                  K            
          ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                                                                
                                             KE‫א‬‫א‬FKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK‫א‬‫א‬
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                                          ‫א‬                                                                            
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                                        ‫א‬                                                                                             
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                               ‫א‬‫א‬WE٣J ١F



                                                                         -٩-
         ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢١٠                                    ‫א‬
          ‫א‬‫א‬                               ‫א‬                               



                                                                            ‫א‬٥J ١J ٢J ١
                                                                                                                   
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                       
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬
                              
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                K‫א‬‫א‬
     
 –‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٥
K،‫א‬‫א‬
             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                                                    
                                                                                          K       
                                                                                                                  
                                                                    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦J ١J ٢J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                    
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K
                                                            K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                  
                                                               ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧J ١J ٢J ١
                                              
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬–‫א‬ ‫א‬K––
                                 
                                                                                              
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، –‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                                                        - ١٠ -
          ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢١٠                                  ‫א‬
           ‫א‬‫א‬                             ‫א‬                              



                                           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨J ١J ٢J ١
                                                                    
   –J ‫א‬
                                                          
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬
                                                                                    
  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                 
  ‫א‬،‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
                                         
  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
  ،‫א‬‫א‬،KKK‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                  ‫א‬‫א‬٩J ١J ٢J ١
                                 
  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                       K‫א‬
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                           
                                                                                         ‫א‬‫ א‬J 
                                
  ‫א‬ –J ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                          
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K 
                  
 W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬––‫א‬
  ‫א‬  ‫א‬W‫א‬‫ א‬J
                                                                     
                                                                                                    K
  ،‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫ א‬J
                                                  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫ א‬J
                                                                           K‫א‬‫א‬



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         ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢١٠                                   ‫א‬
          ‫א‬‫א‬                              ‫א‬                               



                                                                                         
 ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
                                                                       
 ٪٥،‫א‬‫א‬٪٩٥‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٪٧٥
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                                            K‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
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                                                                                        ‫א‬‫א‬ J 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬٪١٠
                                     
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
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                  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                
                                                   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠J ١J ٢J ١
                                                             
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬
                                         ‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬                                        
                               
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                   K‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬
                                                                                                                
                                                   ‫א‬‫א‬١١J ١J ٢J ١
                                                           
 ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
       
 ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                             K




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        ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢١٠                                   ‫א‬
         ‫א‬‫א‬                              ‫א‬                               



           
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
                                                          
‫א‬ –‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                                                       
                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                               
                                               ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٢J ١J ٢J ١
  
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                   
                                  K‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                    
             K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                               
                                                                                 ‫א‬‫א‬٢J ٢J ١
                                                                                               
                                            W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ١
                                                                 K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
           K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                               
                                                                           ‫א‬‫א‬٣J ٢J ١
 
–‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬
                                                              ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                    
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬           
                                                                                                       W
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                          K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢

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         ‫א‬‫א‬                                ٢١٠                                    ‫א‬
          ‫א‬‫א‬                               ‫א‬                                



                     K––W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
                                   KKKK‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬W‫א‬‫ א‬J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                 K‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬K
                                                                                                                   
                                                                         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤J ٢J ١
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                        
K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬–J ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                         
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                
،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                    
‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                          K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                   
                    W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                  K‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J
                                     K‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬W‫ א‬J
                                                                                                          K‫ א‬J
                                             W،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                          K‫א‬ J
                                                                                               K‫א‬ J
                                                                                               
                                                                              K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ א‬J
                                                                      KEF‫א‬‫א‬ J

                                                        - ١٤ -
        ‫א‬‫א‬                            ٢١٠                                  ‫א‬
         ‫א‬‫א‬                           ‫א‬                              



                                                                            K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J
                                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬ J
                              K‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                  
                         W ،،British Standard (B.S)‫א‬
        K٢٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
                                                                                                   K‫א‬
                                                                                                         
                                                                        ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥J ٢J ١
‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬ –‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                           
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                     
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،–‫א‬–
                                                               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
             
J ‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                           W،‫א‬‫א‬




                                                   - ١٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬                          ٢١٠                              ‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬                         ‫א‬                          



                                                                                   ‫א‬‫א‬J 
       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                     W‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ١
                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٣
                                                                                            
                                               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
            K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
    ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
                                                     K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

                                                                              ‫א‬J 
      ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   ‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                                        W‫א‬
         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
                 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
        ‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
      ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬،،
                                                                      KKKK‫א‬‫א‬
            ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                           KKKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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         ‫א‬‫א‬                                ٢١٠                                     ‫א‬
          ‫א‬‫א‬                               ‫א‬                                 



                                                                                                               
                                                                                               ‫א‬‫ א‬J 
                                                             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                          W،
                                  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
                                                                                                                K‫א‬
                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
                                                                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                  
                                    W  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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            K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ J 
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         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
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          K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ J 
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫ א‬J 
                                                                       K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ J 
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                                                                                 
‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                    ‫א‬‫א‬٦J ٢J ١
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
                                                                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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        ‫א‬‫א‬                             ٢١٠                                 ‫א‬
         ‫א‬‫א‬                            ‫א‬                             



                W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                               
                                   K،‫א‬ J 
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                                                               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 
                                                                                             
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
                                                                              K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                           
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 
                        K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                    
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                           
‫א‬،  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                            K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                        
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                         K‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                         W‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
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                                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬ 
                          W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 
                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                         
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 
                                K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
                                                                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

                                                    - ١٨ -
          ‫א‬‫א‬                                  ٢١٠                                      ‫א‬
           ‫א‬‫א‬                                 ‫א‬                                  



 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                          
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                                       
        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                        
 – ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                K‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬،‫א‬–‫א‬
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                ‫א‬‫א‬           J ١
                                                           
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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 ‫א‬‫א‬KKKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                     
 ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ 
                                                                        K‫א‬٪٢٠–١٠

                                                                       E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬                    J ٢
 ،‫א‬
 –E٤J ١F– ‫א‬
                                                                    
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                    
 E٥J ١F ‫א‬‫א‬
                                     
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                              
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                   K‫א‬‫א‬
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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
                   
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                             K‫א‬‫א‬
                         
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WE٤J ١F
                 
 ‫א‬




                                                                                                 KKKKKKKKKKKK‫א‬‫א‬
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                                         KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW          ‫א‬                                                            KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW      ‫א‬‫א‬
                                         KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW              ‫א‬
                                                                                                                                                         KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW       ‫א‬‫א‬
                                         KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW               ‫א‬                                                              KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW       ‫א‬
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                                                      ‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈــــــﺎت‬                         ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻢ‬     ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻢ‬         
                                                                                                                            ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺔ‬        ‫اﻟﻜﻤﻴﺔ‬         ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬         ‫اﻟﻮﺣﺪة‬            ‫اﺳﻢ‬              ‫رﻗﻢ‬           ‫ﻣﺴﻠﺴﻞ‬
                                                                                           ‫ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻩ إﻟﻰ‬       ‫ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻩ‬         ‫اﻻﻧﺠﺎز‬
                                                                                                                                       ‫اﻟﻤﻨﻔﺬة‬       ‫اﻟﺴﻌﺮ‬                          ‫اﻟﺒﻨﺪ‬            ‫اﻟﺒﻨﺪ‬
                                                                                            ‫اﻟﻜﻤﻴﺎت‬       ‫ﺣﺘﻰ اﻵن‬
                                                                                         ‫اﻟﻮاردة ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻘﺪ‬                      
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 ٢١٠
                 ‫א‬




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                                                                                                                                 ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                ‫א‬                                                                                                             ‫א‬
                                          KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW      ‫א‬                                                           KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW         ‫א‬
                                          KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬                                                             KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
                 ‫א‬‫א‬



                                          KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬                                                             KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬
                                          KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬                                                             KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬                                                ٢١٠                                                          ‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬                                               ‫א‬                                                     



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                                    KKKKKKKKK‫א‬
                                                                                                              W    ‫א‬‫א‬
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                                 W            ‫א‬                                                      W     ‫א‬‫א‬        
                                 W ‫א‬                                                             W     ‫א‬        
                                 W               ‫א‬                                                      W ‫א‬L‫א‬‫א‬     
                                                                                                                                           
        KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬            KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW       E٪F‫א‬‫א‬G
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        KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬                                               ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٪FG
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        KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬                                                  ‫א‬‫א‬E٪FG
        KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬                                                         ‫א‬E٪FG
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        KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬                                                            ‫א‬‫א‬G                
        KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬                                                                        ‫א‬G            
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        ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                                                     
        ‫א‬‫א‬،KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW
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                                           KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKLKKKKKKKKLKKKKKKK‫א‬‫א‬
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         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                                        ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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              KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬                  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW       ‫א‬       
              KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬               KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW      ‫א‬      
                                                                                                                                         
                      ‫א‬‫א‬                                                                                                
              KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬                                                             
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              KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬                                                          
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              KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬                                                          
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                    EFWE٥J ١F



                                                                   - ٢١ -
         ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢١٠                                   ‫א‬
          ‫א‬‫א‬                              ‫א‬                               



                                                                                      ‫א‬‫א‬            J ٣
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                        
‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                
                                                       W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                          K‫א‬J 
                                                                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                           K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 
                                                                                  K‫א‬J 
                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
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‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                    K‫א‬




                                                       - ٢٢ -
                                           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                        ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
                                            ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                           ‫א‬
                          ‫א‬
                     ‫א‬
‫א‬




٢
        ‫א‬‫א‬                           ٢١٠                                  ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                           ‫א‬                              



                                                                                                        W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                   
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،KKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                             
                                                                                         W‫א‬‫א‬
                                              W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
                                 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
                                                                                                
                           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

                                                                        ٥ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                             
                                                   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬




                                                     - ٢٣ -
        ‫א‬‫א‬                            ٢١٠                                  ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                            ‫א‬                              



                                              
                                                      
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                              
‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬
                           K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                 
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                        
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
             
‫א‬ ،‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                         
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                       K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                                                        
                                                                                          ‫א‬‫א‬
                                          
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                           
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ،K‫א‬
                                                                             W،‫א‬
                                
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
                                K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٢
                                                 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
                                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J
                                                                                                   K‫ א‬J
                                                                                                    K‫ א‬J
                                                  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
                                                                                       K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J
                                                   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

                                                      - ٢٤ -
        ‫א‬‫א‬                           ٢١٠                                 ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                           ‫א‬                             



‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J
                                                                              K‫א‬‫א‬
                                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
                                                  K‫א‬ J
                                                                   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٤
                                                                  K‫א‬
                                 
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٥
                                                                K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
                                                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬
                               
  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
                                                                                                    K‫א‬
              K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٨
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٩
                                                                                      K‫א‬‫א‬
                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٠
                                                                                     
                                                      K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                            
                                                                                              ‫א‬
  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                                                     - ٢٥ -
          ‫א‬‫א‬                         ٢١٠                                 ‫א‬
       ‫א‬                          ‫א‬                            



                                                                                       ‫א‬ J ١
  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                     K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                    
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                W‫א‬،K
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬J
                                 
  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                        
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
                 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،E‫א‬F
                                                          
  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                         
  ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،
    
  ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                      
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬J
                                                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                    
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
         K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                              KW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١J ٢F‫א‬




                                                      - ٢٦ -
   ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢١٠                                     ‫א‬
 ‫א‬                             ‫א‬                                 



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                                                           ‫א‬                                        
                                                                            
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                                                       ‫א‬
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         ‫א‬              ‫א‬                                   ‫א‬‫א‬                    
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      ‫א‬           ‫א‬‫א‬       ‫א‬         ‫א‬       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬         ‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                                                      
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                                       ‫א‬
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                              ‫א‬ W ‫א‬                                          
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     E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F         E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F          E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F 

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            ‫א‬                     ‫א‬                        ‫א‬
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          E‫א‬F                   E‫א‬F                       E‫א‬F           
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                                                                   
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                                                                                                  
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                                                                                            ‫א‬
                                                                  ‫א‬‫א‬                                      
                                                                                     ‫א‬‫א‬             
                                                                   ‫א‬
                                                                                                              
                                                                                    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                              
                                              
                                 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WE١J ٢F




                                                   - ٢٧ -
       ‫א‬‫א‬                         ٢١٠                                ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                        ‫א‬                           



                                                                               ‫א‬ J ٢
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                 
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
                                                                                          
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
                                     K‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ٢F،‫א‬
                                      
 ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                            
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                              
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،KKK‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                         
                             K‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ٢F،‫א‬




                                                  - ٢٨ -
   ‫א‬‫א‬                    ٢١٠                        ‫א‬
 ‫א‬                   ‫א‬                    



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                                         ‫א‬
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                                              
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                                     ‫א‬                                
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              ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ WE٢J ٢F               




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          ‫א‬‫א‬                           ٢١٠                                    ‫א‬
       ‫א‬                           ‫א‬                                



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                                                                          ‫א‬                       
                                          ‫א‬                                                         
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                                                                                               
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                                                          ‫א‬                                     
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                            ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ WE٣J ٢F
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  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                      
  ،E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
                               K‫א‬،E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
  ،‫א‬W،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                     K‫א‬‫א‬




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         ‫א‬‫א‬                             ٢١٠                                    ‫א‬
       ‫א‬                             ‫א‬                               



                                                                                 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                             
 ‫א‬، ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬W‫ א‬J
                 K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                              KKKK‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J
                                                             K‫א‬‫ א‬J
  KKKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J
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                                                                                     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                             K‫א‬‫ א‬J
                                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
                                          K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
          K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ J
                                                                            K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
                   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
                            K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬ J
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                                                                                                            ‫א‬
 ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                         
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                            
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                K‫א‬




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        ‫א‬‫א‬                             ٢١٠                                    ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                             ‫א‬                               



                                                                                                              ‫א‬
–‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                            
‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬
                                                                                                           K‫א‬
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                   ‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                              
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
KKKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                              ‫א‬ J ٢
                                                                                      
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬W‫א‬ 
                                                             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
                                   
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬
                                  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                      ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                  W
                                                           ‫א‬‫א‬J
                            ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
                                                                                          K‫א‬

                                                       - ٣٢ -
        ‫א‬‫א‬                             ٢١٠                                    ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                             ‫א‬                               



،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                              
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                
،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                           
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                   
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                 
                                        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
                                                                                                           
                                                                                             ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                   
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
                                            
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                             
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،KKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                           
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K
                                                                                     
 K‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬




                                                       - ٣٣ -
       ‫א‬‫א‬                        ٢١٠                               ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                        ‫א‬                          



                                                                          ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                         
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                    W‫א‬
                                                                                  K J
                                                                              K‫א‬ J
                                                                           K‫א‬ J
                                  K‫א‬ J
                                                               K‫א‬‫א‬ J
                                                       K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
                                                                       K‫א‬‫א‬ J
                                                                         K‫א‬‫א‬ J
                                                                               K‫א‬ J
                                                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
                                                  K‫א‬‫א‬ J
                                                                     K‫א‬ J
                                                           
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ،
                                                                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ١
                                                    KKKK‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٢
                                  K‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٣
                                    K‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٤
                     K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬–W
                 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                                                  - ٣٤ -
        ‫א‬‫א‬                         ٢١٠                                 ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                          ‫א‬                            



                                                                         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                       
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
   
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                            K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                               
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬، KKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬E٥J ٢FE٤J ٢F،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                         
                                                                                           ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                      
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                                                    - ٣٥ -
   ‫א‬‫א‬                  ٢١٠                            ‫א‬
 ‫א‬                  ‫א‬                       



                                                                                        
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                                                      ‫א‬
                                                                                   
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                                                     ‫א‬
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                                                                                        
                                                                                        
                                                        ‫א‬‫א‬
             ‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                                        
                                                                                        
          ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ WE٤J ٢F 
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                                                      ‫א‬                     
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                                                     ‫א‬
                     ‫א‬‫א‬                                                        
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             ‫א‬‫א‬
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       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬WE٥J ٢F                        



                                        - ٣٦ -
        ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢١٠                                                  ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                              ‫א‬                                             



                                                                                                                   ‫א‬
  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                           K‫א‬،KKK–‫א‬–W‫א‬ J
                                                                                                              K‫א‬ J
                                                                                                              K‫א‬ J
                                                       K‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫ א‬J
                                                                                                           K‫א‬‫ א‬J
                                                                             K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
                          K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ J
                                                                       K‫א‬E٦J ٢F
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                                                                                                             ‫א‬        
                                                                                                      ‫א‬         
                                                                                                        ‫א‬
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                                                                                                ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                           ‫א‬‫א‬         
                                                                                           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬          
                               ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                                     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                            
                                ‫א‬‫א‬                             ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                   ‫א‬‫א‬                                               ‫א‬‫א‬       
                                                                                                                            
                                    ‫א‬ WE٦J ٢F                                                           
                                                             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
    
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                       K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                           K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                      ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
                                          ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                        ‫א‬
                       ‫א‬
                   ‫א‬
‫א‬




٣
     ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢١٠                                      ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                              ‫א‬                                  



                                                                                                        W‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                               
                                                                                          W‫א‬‫א‬
                                               W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                          E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
                                                     ‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
                                   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
                                                                                                               
                           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                               
                                                                        ٥ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                               
                                                                 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬




                                                      - ٣٨ -
    ‫א‬‫א‬                          ٢١٠                                  ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                          ‫א‬                             



                                            
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
         
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                         
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،KKK
                                                             
                        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                             K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬




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       ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢١٠                                       ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                               ‫א‬                                  



                                E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٪٥٠
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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                             
 ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                    K‫א‬
                                                                              ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
     KComponents‫א‬Raw materials‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
 KK‫א‬J ‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬J ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،K
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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                               K




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      ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢١٠                                       ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                              ‫א‬                                  



                                                                                                       W‫א‬
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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 _‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                        KKKK
 ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                          K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                    
                                                                                         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                      
 ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                              W
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ١
                                                                                                      K‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
                                                                                                                K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
                 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
                                                                                                           K‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
                                                                                 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                              K‫א‬
                                                        
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
                                                                                       K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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     ‫א‬‫א‬                           ٢١٠                                   ‫א‬
    ‫א‬                          ‫א‬                               



                                                                       
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
                                                                                         W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                           
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 
                                                                                               K
                                                                                                
‫א‬،‫א‬‫ א‬J 
                                                       K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
               
‫א‬،‫א‬Production moral ‫א‬ J ٨
                                   
K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                            
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                           
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                K‫א‬
                                                                                                        
                                                                                     ‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                        
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
                                                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ Hot orders ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
      
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                             K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                     
W‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                    KJ J 



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     ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢١٠                                       ‫א‬
    ‫א‬                              ‫א‬                                   



                           
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
          K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                 
E١J ٣F،‫א‬J ‫א‬J ‫א‬W‫א‬
                                                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                 
                                                             ‫א‬                                              
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                           
                                                                                                           
                                                           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                                           
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                                   ‫א‬                                     ‫א‬                         
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                                           ‫א‬WE١J ٣F                                         
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                     ‫א‬J ١
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                            K‫א‬

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     ‫א‬‫א‬                           ٢١٠                                  ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                           ‫א‬                              



،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
        
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                      ‫א‬
K 
                   
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،A‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                   
B‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،A‫א‬
‫א‬،C‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬، D‫א‬K‫א‬
،
E٢J ٣F‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                   K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                       
                                                                                      ‫א‬J ٢
،‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬W––‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                    K‫א‬




                                                   - ٤٤ -
  ‫א‬‫א‬                           ٢١٠                                              ‫א‬
 ‫א‬                          ‫א‬                                          



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                                                                                                      
     ١٠٠               ٪٥                                                                                   

        ٩٠             ٪١٠                                                                                  

                          ٪١٥
        ٨٠                                                                                                   

        ٧٠                                                                                                   

        ٦٠                                                                                                   

        ٥٠                                                                                                   

        ٤٠                                                                                                   

        ٣٠                                                                                                   

        ٢٠                                                                                                   
                     A             B                            C                               D

        ١٠                                                                                                   

       ١٠  ٢٠  ٣٠  ٤٠  ٥٠  ٦٠                                     ٧٠  ٨٠  ٩٠                          ١٠٠

                                                               ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                            
                                                                                                                   
                                                   ‫א‬‫א‬٪٧٠‫א‬٪١٥            W        A
                                                   ‫א‬‫א‬٪١٥‫א‬٪٢٥             W       B    
                                                   ‫א‬‫א‬٪١٠‫א‬٪٣٠             W       C    
                                                      ‫א‬‫א‬ ٪٥ ‫א‬ ٪٣٠            W       D
                                                                                                                   
                      ‫א‬‫א‬ WE٢J ٣F 

                                                  - ٤٥ -
      ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢١٠                                     ‫א‬
    ‫א‬                              ‫א‬                                 



                                                                                                              
                                                                                                    ‫ א‬J 
 ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                K Supply?‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬
                 W،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                  Supply Quantities                    ‫א‬J ١
                                                      Supply Timing                      ‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ،Uncertain‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                              
                                  KProbabilities‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

                                                                                           ‫א‬‫א‬            
                                                                                                              J 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،Usage rate
 ?‫א‬‫?א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                          W‫א‬‫א‬ KDemand
                                             ‫א‬‫א‬J ١
                                                                                         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W




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       ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢١٠                                       ‫א‬
      ‫א‬                              ‫א‬                                  



                                                                     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                            
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
                                                                               
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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  ‫א‬‫א‬،KKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬K
                       
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                          K‫א‬‫א‬
                                              
  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، 
  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                         K‫א‬‫א‬




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      ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢١٠                                     ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                             ‫א‬                                 



                                                                                                 ‫א‬J ١
      
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                        
 ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                          ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                
 ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                           K




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  ‫א‬‫א‬                                                 ٢١٠                                                    ‫א‬
 ‫א‬                                                ‫א‬                                              



                            KE٣J ٣F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                         
                                                          ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                    ‫א‬                                       ‫א‬                                        ‫א‬                        
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                                  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                                   ‫א‬‫א‬
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            ‫א‬                     ‫א‬                           ‫א‬                ‫א‬
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  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                                  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬      ‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                                          ‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                           EF‫א‬
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                                                               ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                   ‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                                                           
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                                                                     ‫א‬
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                                                 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                                                   
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                                             E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ WE٣J ٣F 
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     ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢١٠                                       ‫א‬
    ‫א‬                              ‫א‬                                   



                                                                                               ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
           K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
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                                                                                                 ‫א‬W
                                   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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،،‫א‬J ‫א‬J ‫א‬
                                                                                          K‫א‬
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                                                                                          ‫א‬‫ א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                         W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
          K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
                                        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٣
                                                                                                                K‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٤
?–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                               K?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                
،‫א‬‫א‬J J  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٥
                                          K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬?–‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٦
                                                                                                        K?‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ –‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




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       ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢١٠                                      ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                               ‫א‬                                  



                                                                                                              
                                                                                        ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                      
  ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
  ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                          
  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬،
                K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
                             K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
  ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                          KE٤J ٣F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




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     ‫א‬‫א‬                                       ٢١٠                                                   ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                                       ‫א‬                                              



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                                                        ‫א‬‫א‬                                                           
                                                           W‫א‬‫א‬
                                ٦                       ‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬                       ٨                                
                    ‫א‬‫א‬                                                    ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                ‫א‬                                                                
                         W‫א‬‫א‬                                                      W‫א‬‫א‬
                     ‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬                                                ‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬                     
                              ‫א‬                                                               ‫א‬
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         ‫א‬‫א‬                                                                                 ‫א‬‫א‬      
            W‫א‬‫א‬                                                                                      W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                           ‫א‬‫א‬
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          ‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬                                                                             ‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬
                 ‫א‬                                                                                               ‫א‬          
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                         ‫א‬‫א‬                                               ‫א‬‫א‬
                            W‫א‬‫א‬                                                   W‫א‬‫א‬                         
                         ‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬                                            ‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬
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                                 ‫א‬                                                            ‫א‬
                                                        ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                           W‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                        ‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬                                                        
                                                                ‫א‬
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                                              Purchasing Cycle              ‫א‬‫א‬WE٤J ٣F                                 
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                                                                                                       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
      W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                        K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫–א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
                                                                                                                 K‫א‬‫א‬

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     ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢١٠                                      ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                               ‫א‬                                 



        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
                                                                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
                                                                                K‫א‬‫א‬
              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                          K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                          
                                                                                        ‫א‬‫א‬W
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                             K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                      ‫א‬‫א‬J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬٪٥٠
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                            K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



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     ‫א‬‫א‬                            ٢١٠                                     ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                             ‫א‬                               



                                 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                          K?‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬?
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                                                                ‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                      ‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                    
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                                                  K‫א‬
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                                                                   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W
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‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                 W،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                            K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E–F‫א‬‫א‬J ١
                                             K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
             K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
                K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
                                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
                                                                                                  
                                                                                       K‫א‬‫א‬

                                                     - ٥٤ -
    ‫א‬‫א‬                          ٢١٠                                      ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                         ‫א‬                                 



                                   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
                    
        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٨
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٩
                              KE٥J ٣F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                        
                                                           ‫א‬
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                                                           ‫א‬     ‫א‬
                                                                                      
                                                            ‫א‬
                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                        
                             ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                     




                                                                                                ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                                                              
                                                                       ‫א‬‫א‬
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                               ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                    
                                 ‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                      ‫א‬‫א‬




                                   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ WE٥J ٣F 




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       ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢١٠                                      ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                              ‫א‬                                  



                                        ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                                 
   ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                  
  ‫א‬، ،‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                      
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
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  ‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                       K‫א‬
                                                                                                                  
                                                                            Load Leveling ‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
                                                                                   KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                               
  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                   W

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     ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢١٠                                     ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                              ‫א‬                              



                                                                                               E١J ٣F
،٤٨‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                               ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                          
                                  ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬
               ‫א‬                                             ‫א‬         ‫א‬             
                                                   ‫א‬
                                   
                                                                                                          
                    ٥               ٤              ٢٣٠٤              ٢J ١           
                    ٥               ٨               ٩٦٠              ٤J ١                           
                    ٦               ٥              ٢٣٥٢              ٣J ١                           
                    ٤               ٢               ٧٢٠              ٥J ٢           
                                                                                                          
                    ٨               ٥              ١٠٠٨              ٥J ٤           
                    ٧               ٧               ٦٧٢              ٦J ٤                           
                    ٧               ٦              ٤٦٠٨              ٧J ٣                           
                    ٤               ٦              ٣٣٦٠              ٨J ٦           
                                                                                                          
                    ٣               ٣              ١١٥٢              ٨J ٥           
                    ٥               ٣              ١٦٨٠              ٨J ٧           
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                     W‫א‬
                                     W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
                                             ‫א‬‫א‬L‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Z
                                                                        ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
               ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬L‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Z
                                  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،E٦J ٣F
                        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                      
 ‫א‬‫א‬،٢١J J ‫א‬‫א‬ 
          K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١J ٣F،‫א‬



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    ‫א‬‫א‬                                    ٢١٠                                          ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                                    ‫א‬                                     



                                                                                                                       
                                    ٣،‫ط‬       ٥             ٢،‫د‬            ٢      ٤،‫أ‬                                  
                                     ٣                       ٤                    ٥
                                                         ٥،‫هـ‬                                                          
                                                          ٨
                                      ٦،‫ح‬                   ٧،‫و‬                 ٨،‫ب‬                                    
                              ٨                   ٦                    ٤                    ١
                                       ٤                     ٧                   ٥                                     
                                                                                                                       
                                  ٣،‫ي‬                       ٦،‫ز‬                     ٥،‫ج‬
                                   ٥
                                              ٧              ٧
                                                                           ٣         ٨                                 
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                              E١J ٣FW‫א‬ WE٦J ٣F 
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                                         ‫א‬‫א‬                      ‫א‬‫א‬
                   ‫א‬                                                                           ‫א‬
                                                                                                 
                        ١٢           ١٦              ٤               ١٢                                      
                                  ٨               ٨                                      
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                        ٧            ١٢              ٥               ٧                         
                        ١٢           ١٨              ٦               ١٦              ٤            
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                        ٥            ١٨              ١٣              ١٣              ٨                         
                                  ١٥              ١٥              ٨               ٨                          
                        ٧            ١٨              ١١              ١٢              ٥            
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                                  ٢١              ٢١              ١٥              ١٥           
                        ٥            ٢١              ١٦              ١٨              ١٣                         
                        ٧            ٢١              ١٤              ١٨              ١١                         
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                       K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WE١J ٣F
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        
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،E٧J ٣F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                 K‫א‬‫א‬

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     ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢١٠                                      ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                              ‫א‬                                  



،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
     
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٧J ٣F‫א‬‫א‬                       
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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،٢٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                          
‫א‬٢٠
                                        K،
E٧J ٣F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                     
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
––‫א‬‫א‬،
                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




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  ‫א‬‫א‬                                           ٢١٠                                                      ‫א‬
 ‫א‬                                          ‫א‬                                               

                     ٥
                                                                                                                       
                       ٦                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                              
                               ٤                                                                                        
                                                                                                                       
                                                 ٨                                                             
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                             
                                       ٦                                                                       
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                       
                                      ٣
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                      ٥                                        
                                                                                                                       
                         ٥                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
                                                              ٧                                                                      
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                     ٤                                  
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                     
        ٢              ٤      ٦      ٨            ١٠        ١٢           ١٤       ١٦       ١٨       ٢٠       ٢٢         ٢٤
                                                ٢٤                                                                                   
          ٢٤                                                                                                    
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          ٢٢                                     ٢١                                                             
          ٢٠                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                     
          ١٨    ١٦                                                                                                       
                                ١٥                                ١٥
          ١٦                          ١٤                                                                                  
          ١٤                                                          ١٢
                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                     
          ١٢                                                                                                    
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          ١٠                                                                                                             
      ٨                                                                                                                 
      ٦                                                                               ٤                        
                                                                                                                                     
      ٤                                                                                                        
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  E١J ٣FWW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ WE٧J ٣F


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     ‫א‬‫א‬                          ٢١٠                              ‫א‬
    ‫א‬                          ‫א‬                         



                             
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                   K‫א‬
E٨J ٣F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،٢٠‫א‬
                                                       
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                        K‫א‬––
،‫א‬‫א‬ –‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
               
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                      K‫א‬‫א‬




                                                   - ٦١ -
  ‫א‬‫א‬                                   ٢١٠                                                   ‫א‬
 ‫א‬                                  ‫א‬                                            


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                                                                                                              
                               ٦                                                                               
                                                                                                              
                                                     ٤                                                 
                                                                                                      
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                                                                      ٨                                        
                                                                                                             
                                                                    ٦                                  
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                      
                                                                                      ٣                        
                                                                                                              
                                                                                      ٥                
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                      
                           ٥                                                                                   
                                                                                                              
                                                   ٧                                                           
                                                                                                      
                                                                              ٤                        
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                               
           ٢             ٤    ٦    ٨        ١٠         ١٢       ١٤         ١٦       ١٨        ٢٠       ٢٢       ٢٤
                                                                                                                            
             ٢٤                                                                                                 
             ٢٢                                               ٢١                                                
             ٢٠                                                         ١٨                              
                                                              ١٧                                                            
             ١٨                                      
                                                         ١٦                                                   
             ١٦                                                                                                 
             ١٤                           ١٢
                                                                                           ١٢
                                                                                                                         
                                  ١١
             ١٢                                                                                         
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             ١٠                                                                                         
         ٨                                                                                                     
                        ٥
         ٦                                                                                             
         ٤                                                                                             

     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ WE٨J ٣F

                                                        - ٦٢ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                             ٢١٠                                     ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                             ‫א‬                                



                                              Limited Human Resources ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                         
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                           K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                          
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
                                                                              
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                        K
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬––‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

                                                                                              E٢J ٣F
          
،‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬E٩J ٣F‫א‬
        KE١٠J ٣F،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
           KE١٠J ٣FE٩J ٣F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬




                                                     - ٦٣ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                         ٢١٠                                  ‫א‬
    ‫א‬                         ‫א‬                             



                                ٣،‫هـ‬                        ٧،‫أ‬                                      
                                        ٣
                                 ٣                          ٤                                        
                                                                                                     
                                  ٣،‫و‬       ٤       ٣،‫د‬       ٢   ٨،‫ب‬
                          ٦                                                ١                         
                                   ٣                 ٤             ٥
                                                                                                     
                              ٣،‫ز‬
                                        ٥
                                                            ٥،‫ج‬                                      
                               ٣                             ٢
                                                                                                     
                          E٢J ٣FW‫א‬ WE٩J ٣F                         
                                                                                                     
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬
   
١٤‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
                                                                                             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
                                                                                           W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
                                                                                           KE١٠J ٣F
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
                K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬       J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–
                                                                     
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                              K‫א‬




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  ‫א‬‫א‬                                             ٢١٠                                                  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬                                            ‫א‬                                              




                            ٤
                                                                                                                        
                   ٢                                                                                                     
                                                                                                            
                                          ٣                                                                  
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                                                                                                                       
                                       ٣                                                                                 
                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                      
                             ٥                                                                               
                                                                                                                        
                                               
                                                    ٦                                                                          
                                                                                                            
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                                                           ٣                                                 
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                         
        ٢           ٤         ٦         ٨        ١٠          ١٢       ١٤       ١٦       ١٨       ٢٠       ٢٢          ٢٤       
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     ١٤                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                      
                                      ١٢
     ١٢            ١١                    ١١
                                                                                                                             
     ١٠                                                                                                                  
      ٨                                       ٧                                                              
      ٦                                                                                                      
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      ٤                                                    ٣                                                             
      ٢                                                                                                                  
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    E٢J ٣FW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ WE١٠J ٣F
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    ‫א‬‫א‬                                ٢١٠                                                   ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                               ‫א‬                                               



   W،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
                    
‫א‬‫א‬١١‫א‬E١٠J ٣F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬
K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                         
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                                                                     KE١١J ٣F
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                                                                                                
                                                                                                
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                                                                                                               
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                
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                                                                                                
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                
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                                                                                                
                                                                                                               
                      ٥                                                                                        
                                                                                               
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                                                                                                
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        ٢           ٤    ٦    ٨       ١٠       ١٢          ١٤       ١٦       ١٨        ٢٠       ٢٢       ٢٤
                                                                                                                            
                                   ‫א‬‫א‬ WE١١J ٣F                                                       
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
 
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                          KE١٢J ٣F

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     ‫א‬‫א‬                            ٢١٠                                                   ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                             ‫א‬                                           



                                                                                                           
                                                                                                           
                                                                                                   
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                                                                                                   
                                                                                                           
                                                                                                           
                                                                                                   
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                                                                                                   
                                                                                                           
                           ٤                                                                               
                                                                                                  
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                           ٥                                                                       
                                                                                                  
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                                                                                                           
               ٢         ٤    ٦    ٨        ١٠        ١٢       ١٤       ١٦       ١٨       ٢٠       ٢٢       ٢٤   
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                        ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ WE١٢J ٣F 
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،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
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‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،،W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
          KE١٣J ٣F‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬




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     ‫א‬‫א‬                                 ٢١٠                                                 ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                                 ‫א‬                                             



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                                                                                                      
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                                                                                                      
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                      
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                                                                                                      
                                                                                                               
                                           ٢                                                                   
                                                                                                     
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                          ٤                                                                           
                                                                                                     
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                          ٥                                                                                    
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                      
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               ٢        ٤     ٦     ٨        ١٠         ١٢       ١٤       ١٦       ١٨       ٢٠       ٢٢        ٢٤
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                                 ‫א‬‫א‬ WE١٣J ٣F                                               

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ J ٤
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                   KE١٤J ٣F
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    ‫א‬‫א‬                           ٢١٠                                                   ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                          ‫א‬                                            



                                                                                                         
                                                                                                         
                                                                                                 
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                                        
                                             ٣                                                         
                                                                                                       
                                        ٢                                                                
                                                                                                
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                          ٤                                                                      
                                                                                                        
                          ٥                                                                              
                                                                                                
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                                        ٤
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                                                                                                
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                                                                                                         
               ٢        ٤    ٦    ٨       ١٠        ١٢       ١٤       ١٦       ١٨       ٢٠       ٢٢       ٢٤   
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ WE١٤J ٣F

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K،W‫א‬ J ٥
                                                    
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
                                                           KE١٥J ٣F،‫א‬‫א‬




                                                      - ٦٩ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢١٠                                                    ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                                  ‫א‬                                         



                                                                     ٣                                                     
                                                                                                     
                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                           
                                                 ٣
                                                                                                            
                                            ٢                                                                 
                                                                                                    
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                          ٤                                                                           
                                                                                                             
                          ٥                                                                                   
                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                           
                                            ٤
                                                                                                           
                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                           
                                                          ٣                                                   
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                      
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               ٢        ٤    ٦       ٨         ١٠        ١٢       ١٤       ١٦       ١٨       ٢٠       ٢٢       ٢٤
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             ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ WE١٥J ٣F 
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                                                         
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                         
‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                       K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬––
‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
  
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬
                                 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                        W‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
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                                                           - ٧٠ -
    ‫א‬‫א‬                         ٢١٠                                ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                        ‫א‬                           



                                                   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
                                
        K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
                        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
                                                                                    
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
   
–‫א‬W،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 ‫א‬–
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ –‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                       
‫א‬ ،KKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                           K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




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     ‫א‬‫א‬                                 ٢١٠                                         ‫א‬
    ‫א‬                                ‫א‬                                    



                                        ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                         
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W
                       
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                           
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                       W،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
                        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
                                                                                   
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                        
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                     W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                   
‫א‬‫א‬،،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬
                                                                                                             K
                                                                                                      
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
                                                                                       K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

                                                             - ٧٢ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                             ٢١٠                                     ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                             ‫א‬                                 



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                                   K‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                      W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ١
                                                  KKKK‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬W
                                                K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                              
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
                                                 KKKK‫א‬–‫א‬–
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                               K‫א‬‫א‬
                                              Partial Replacement                    ‫א‬‫א‬J 
٪٨٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬–‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                Total Replacement‫א‬‫א‬J 
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                       
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ٪٨٠
                                     
‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                      




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      ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢١٠                                     ‫א‬
    ‫א‬                              ‫א‬                                 



 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                   W،‫א‬
                         Life Time                             ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
                        Maintenance                                       ‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
                   Running Cost                                                    ‫א‬J ٣
                          Time Cost                          ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
                        Storage Cost                         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
                  Transportation                             ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
                                       
 ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W
  
 ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
     K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                 
 –‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ––‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ،KKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٦J ٣F
                                                                                            K‫א‬




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  ‫א‬‫א‬                                       ٢١٠                                    ‫א‬
 ‫א‬                                      ‫א‬                                


             ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                             ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                ‫א‬‫א‬                                                                                                              
                                                                            ‫א‬‫א‬
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                ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                     ‫א‬‫א‬
                 ‫א‬‫א‬                                                                                                            

                ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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            ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                                           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                    ‫א‬‫א‬                                                                         
           E‫א‬F                                                                                                       
                                                    ‫א‬‫א‬                                                                         
            
                                                    ‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                                                                         




                                                                                                         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                               ‫א‬‫א‬                                                     
                ‫א‬‫א‬
                   ‫א‬
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                                                                             ‫א‬
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                           ‫א‬               ‫א‬‫א‬            ‫א‬‫א‬                                                  
                                                                         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                        ‫א‬‫א‬
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                                            ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                          ‫א‬‫א‬
                                              ‫א‬‫א‬                                                                           
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                ‫א‬                   ‫א‬
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             ‫א‬              ‫א‬       ‫א‬‫א‬                                                
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                                      ‫א‬
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                      
                                                        ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬WE١٦J ٣F


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      ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢١٠                                     ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                             ‫א‬                                 



                                  Bulldozers                                           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
                                                                          
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–E١٧J ٣F–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                              ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WE١٧J ٣F                                      
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                                            Scrapers                                  ‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
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K‫א‬ –‫א‬‫א‬
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 ،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                       K




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     ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢١٠                                      ‫א‬
    ‫א‬                             ‫א‬                                  



                                               Cranes                                ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
                                                      
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
                       
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                        K
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
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––W‫א‬‫א‬،K‫א‬٣٠
‫א‬،–
                                                                                            K‫א‬
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                                Stationary Cranes                                      ‫א‬‫א‬J 
           
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                    W‫א‬
                                      Monotower Derricks                       ‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ١
                                         Tower Cranes                                ‫א‬‫ א‬J ٢
                                         Guy Derricks                                 ‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٣
                        Transportable Tower Cranes                                     ‫א‬‫ א‬J ٤
                                       Derrick Cranes                                 ‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٥
                              Scotch Derrick Cranes                           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٦
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                                 Climbing Cranes                                      ‫א‬‫א‬J 
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،‫א‬??‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



                                                      - ٧٧ -
    ‫א‬‫א‬                         ٢١٠                                 ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                         ‫א‬                            



                                 Mobile Cranes                           ‫א‬‫א‬J 
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                               W‫א‬،EF
 KE١٨J ٣F،Telescopic Cranes                       E‫א‬F J ١

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                            ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WE١٨J ٣FW
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                                 Truck Mounted Cranes                 
                                                                          J ٢

          Traveling & Rail Mounted Cranes                ‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬،
                        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



                                                 - ٧٨ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                          ٢١٠                                  ‫א‬
    ‫א‬                         ‫א‬                              



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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬–،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                             K‫א‬‫א‬E١٩J ٣F،‫א‬
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                               ‫א‬‫א‬WE١٩J ٣F                            
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                              Excavators                                           ‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                            W،‫א‬
 J ٣FEquipments Based on a Tractor                       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،E٢٠
                                                                     W،‫א‬
                                                                              K‫א‬J ١
                                                                        EF‫א‬J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
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‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ 
                                                                                                W



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     ‫א‬‫א‬                            ٢١٠                                    ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                            ‫א‬                                



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                 KEF‫א‬
                                                           K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
،KKK––W‫א‬J 
                                                               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                          K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                                                 K‫א‬
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                                ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WE٢٠J ٣F
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                                                    - ٨٠ -
      ‫א‬‫א‬                             ٢١٠                                   ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                            ‫א‬                               



                                                     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                           
                                    Equipments Based on an Excavator's Wire Rope
                           
 K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢١J ٣F،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WE٢١J ٣F
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                                 Trenching Machines                                ‫א‬J ٥
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
                                   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،EF




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     ‫א‬‫א‬                            ٢١٠                                     ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                             ‫א‬                               



                                Loading Machines                                   ‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،CrawlerEF‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                 K‫א‬‫א‬E٢٢J ٣F
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                       W‫א‬‫א‬WE٢٢J ٣F                        

                                                     - ٨٢ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢١٠                                      ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                              ‫א‬                                  



                        Pile Driver & Drill                                ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
      K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                    Pile Drill                                 E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                    
‫א‬ ، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                 Pile Driver                                         ‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                                                        K‫א‬
                               Pre-cast Piles                                  ‫א‬‫א‬J ١
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                             K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                       J ٢
                                                                                                      
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                               K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                         
‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                          Concrete Mixers                                      ‫א‬‫א‬J ٨
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬،E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
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W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬
                                                K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

                                                      - ٨٣ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                             ٢١٠                                     ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                             ‫א‬                                 



                           Central Mixers                             ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
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‫א‬ –‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
                                             
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬
                                                                              K‫א‬
 
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                        W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                              
،E–––F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
                                                                                            
                                                                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
                K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
          
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
                                                                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
                                                                                K‫א‬
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                             Batch Mixers                                   ‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
                    
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                                 K‫א‬
                                         W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                  K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
                                          K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
                                                K‫א‬‫א‬E٢٦J ٣F




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    ‫א‬‫א‬                        ٢١٠                                 ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                        ‫א‬                            



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                       ‫א‬‫א‬ WE٢٦J ٣F                             
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                                                                       ‫א‬‫א‬J ٩
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                               
                                                                            K‫א‬‫א‬
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                   Trans (Truck) Mixers                                   ‫א‬J 
                                      
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                K‫א‬–‫א‬W
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                                                - ٨٥ -
      ‫א‬‫א‬                            ٢١٠                                     ‫א‬
    ‫א‬                             ‫א‬                               



                                                                                 ‫א‬J ١
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                    K‫א‬
                                                                         ‫א‬J ٢
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                   
 ،‫א‬E–––F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢٧J ٣F
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                ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬ WE٢٧J ٣F                  

                                                      - ٨٦ -
      ‫א‬‫א‬                            ٢١٠                                     ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                            ‫א‬                               



                                   Dumpers                                  ‫א‬J 
                                          
 E‫א‬F‫א‬ 
                           
 ،–‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                        K‫א‬‫א‬E٢٨J ٣F
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                                 ‫א‬ WE٢٨J ٣F                                               
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                          Concrete Pumps                                        ‫א‬J 
                                  
   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
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 ،٤٥٣٠‫א‬،٤٠٣٠‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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 ‫א‬‫א‬KW‫א‬
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 ‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 E٢٩J ٣FK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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  ‫א‬‫א‬            ٢١٠                  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬           ‫א‬              




                     ‫א‬ WE٢٩J ٣F 




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      ‫א‬‫א‬                                 ٢١٠                                         ‫א‬
     ‫א‬                                ‫א‬                                    



                                           ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،
 ،KKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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 ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                     W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
                                                                               
 ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                                                                   K‫א‬‫א‬
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                     K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                           
 ‫א‬‫א‬ W  ‫א‬
                                        
K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                       
  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                                  
 ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
                                                                                                    
                                              K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬




                                                           - ٨٩ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                             ٢١٠                                     ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                             ‫א‬                                 



                                                                                            ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
                              
‫א‬ K‫א‬
                                                             
                 W‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                         K‫א‬W J ١
                                                                           K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٢
                                                               
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬W‫ א‬J ٣
        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٤
                                                                                  
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                                                                        K‫א‬
                                                              
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                                               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٥
             KEF‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٦
                                                               K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
                                       K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٨
                                                                                      K‫א‬‫ א‬J 
                                                                                                         
                                                                                                         
                                                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 
                                                                                                         
                                                                           K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 
                                                                                                       
                                                                             K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
                                                               K‫א‬‫ א‬J ٩
                                     
             K‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٠
                                                                                
                                                                  K ‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ١١
                                                                       
                            K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ١٢




                                                     - ٩٠ -
        ‫א‬‫א‬                                     ٢١٠                                            ‫א‬
       ‫א‬                                    ‫א‬                                        



                                                                                                            ‫א‬‫א‬
   
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                       W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
                                                                             K‫א‬J 
                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
       K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                
  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬  –‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                                                                               K‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
                                                                 K‫א‬‫א‬–
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                            
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
  –‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
                                                                                         K‫א‬‫א‬–
                                                                  
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
         
   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬
  ‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬، ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                            
                                                                   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                
  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                           
                                W ،‫א‬
                                                                                             WJ ١
                                                                                                             K‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                                                                                    K‫א‬J 

                                                                 - ٩١ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                            ٢١٠                                   ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                            ‫א‬                               



                                                                                             K‫א‬J 
                                                                                        K‫א‬J 
                                                                                        K‫א‬J 
                                                                                            K‫א‬J ٢
                                                                             K‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬––‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬J ٤
                                                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                             W‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
                                                                        K‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                KE–F‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
                                                                                        K‫א‬
‫א‬،––‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
                                                                                 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                  W،
              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                               K‫א‬J 
                        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                         K‫א‬E٣٠J ٣F‫א‬




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  ‫א‬‫א‬                                                    ٢١٠                                                          ‫א‬
 ‫א‬                                                   ‫א‬                                                     




                                                       
       KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW‫א‬KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬‫א‬
       KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW                    ‫א‬
       KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW‫א‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW                          ‫א‬
       KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW‫א‬‫א‬ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW ‫א‬‫א‬
                ‫א‬                                                                             ‫א‬‫א‬

                                                                                                                          

                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                          EF
                                                                                                                           

                                                                                                                          ‫א‬

         KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW‫א‬
       KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
       ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
                                                                                            KE‫א‬
        KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW‫א‬‫א‬
       KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
        KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW‫א‬‫א‬
       KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
        KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
       KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
         KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW‫א‬                    KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW
         KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW‫א‬                KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW‫א‬



          ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ WE٣٠J ٣F




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    ‫א‬‫א‬                          ٢١٠                                 ‫א‬
   ‫א‬                         ‫א‬                            



                                                                           ‫א‬‫א‬
                                  
،W
                                                                           
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                            K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
                                                                                                    K
                                
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬،‫א‬
                                           K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

                                                                                                   




                                                 - ٩٤ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                             ٢١٠                                ‫א‬
                                         ‫א‬                           



                                                                         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W،‫• א‬
                                                                       K١٩٩٦،‫א‬،
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬K،‫א‬K،              •

                K١٩٩٠،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WK،‫א‬        •

                                   K١٩٩٣،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                           
                                                                         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W
   • Addleson, Lyall, Materials for Buildings, Vol. 4. London; Newnes-Butterworths,
     1992.
   • Barrie, Donald S. & Paulson, Boyd C.; Professional Construction Management, 4th.
     Edition, McGraw-Hill, N.Y., 1994.
   • Cantacusino, Sherban, Modern Houses of the World, London; Studio Vista LTD,
     1991.
   • Civitello, Andrew M. Jr.; Construction Operations Manual of Policies &
     Procedures, 2nd. Edition, McGraw-Hill, N.Y., 1994.
   • Fisk, Edward R.; Construction Project Administration, 5th. Edition, Wiley, N.Y.,
     1995.
   • Freeman-Bell, Gail & Balkwell, James; Management in Engineering Principles
     and Practice, Printice Hall, UK, 1993.




                                              - ٩٥ -
 ‫א‬        ٢١٠                                      ‫א‬
                ‫א‬                                 



       ‫א‬              
         ١                                      ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
         ٢                                                       
         ٢                                     ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                           ‫א‬
         ٤                                             ‫א‬‫א‬
        ١٣                                           ‫א‬‫א‬
        ١٣                                      ‫א‬‫א‬
        ١٤                                         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
        ١٥                                     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
        ١٧                                           ‫א‬‫א‬
        ٢٣                           ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
        ٢٤                                                   
        ٢٤                                        ‫א‬‫א‬
        ٢٥                                            ‫א‬
        ٢٦                                             ‫א‬
        ٢٨                                        ‫א‬
        ٣١                                                     ‫א‬
        ٣٢                                                      ‫א‬
        ٣٢                                   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
        ٣٣                                          ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
        ٣٥                             ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
        ٣٥                                              ‫א‬‫א‬
        ٣٧                                               ‫א‬
        ٣٨                               ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
        ٣٩                                                     
        ٤٠                      E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
        ٤١                                      ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
        ٤٢                                         ‫א‬‫א‬
        ٥٦                            ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
        ٥٦                                              ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬    ٢١٠                                 ‫א‬
            ‫א‬                             


       ٦٣                              ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
       ٧٢                    ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
       ٧٤                   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
       ٧٦                                      ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
       ٧٦                                    ‫א‬‫א‬
       ٧٧                                   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
       ٧٩                                           ‫א‬‫א‬
       ٨١                                       ‫א‬
       ٨٢                                     ‫א‬‫א‬
       ٨٣                           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
       ٨٣                                ‫א‬‫א‬
       ٨٥                                ‫א‬‫א‬
       ٨٩                         ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
       ٩٠                                     ‫א‬‫א‬
       ٩١                                   ‫א‬‫א‬
       ٩١                                      ‫א‬‫א‬
       ٩٤                            ‫א‬‫א‬
       ٩٥                                              ‫א‬‫א‬
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               ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

            ‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬

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