تدريب تقنية عمارة-1 _أعمال التشطيبات_

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تدريب  تقنية عمارة-1 _أعمال التشطيبات_ Powered By Docstoc
					                            ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                         ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
                             ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




         
E‫א‬‫א‬F١ – 

              ٢٠٣
                                                 ٢٠٣                                    
         
                                              ١J                             



         W،،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                                                            
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                   
                                                                K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                       
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
    ‫א‬        ،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  
  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ،  
  ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
       ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ،‫א‬   
                                       K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                       
  ‫א‬??? ١?‫א‬‫א‬
                               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                       
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                             K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                 K‫א‬
                                                                                                            
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                                            
                                         ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                      ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
                                          ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




               E‫א‬‫א‬F١ J
                      ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬                             ٢٠٣                                
                                       ١J                         



                                                                                       W‫א‬‫א‬
                                  
                                K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                  
                                                                                   W‫א‬‫א‬
                  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                 KE‫א‬F‫א‬ K١
                                                                       K‫א‬ K٢
                                                                         K‫א‬ K٣
                                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
                                                                        K‫א‬ K٥
                                                                        K‫א‬ K٦
                                                                                             
                                                                          W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                               K٪١٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                  
                                                                          W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                  K٣٠‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                  
                                                                               W‫א‬‫א‬
                               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                  
                                                                               W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                                               -١-
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                  ٢٠٣                                       
                                                ١J                                



                                  E‫א‬F‫א‬W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،

                                                         J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                              J W‫א‬‫א‬J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١J ١
                                                                          
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                           K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                        
‫א‬K٣L٤٥٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٢J ١
‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                     
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
                                 
‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F
F٣L٣٥٠‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣J ١
          
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬
                                  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                             ١J ٣J ١
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                         W
‫א‬‫א‬E٤F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
٤‫א‬‫א‬ E٤F
                                                  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                        -٢-
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                ٢٠٣                                    
                                              ١J                             



             K‫א‬‫א‬E٤F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                ٢J ٣J ١
                                                                       K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬KE٤F E٣F                ٣J ٣J ١
،‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                              KE
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫٤א‬J ٣J ١
                                                             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬K‫א‬
                                                                                         K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬٥J ٣J ١
                                                                                   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                            W‫א‬٦J ٣J ١
                         KE١F‫א‬‫א‬ •
 F،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
 
                      KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٠٢ F،E‫א‬‫א‬J ١٠١
        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •




                                      (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ١٠١- ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺓ ﺍﳋﺸﺒﻴﺔ‬




                                                      -٣-
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                  ٢٠٣                                       
                                                ١J                                




                                (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٢٠١- ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻭﻳﺔ ﺍﳋﺸﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺪﺓ‬
                               J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٤J ١
                                                                 
٣٥٠F‫א‬E١F‫א‬‫א‬١J ٤J ١
                                  K‫א‬‫א‬E٣L
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢J ٤J ١
                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣F‫א‬٣J ٤J ١
                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤J ٤J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥J ٤J ١
                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


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     ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢٠٣                                   
                                             ١J                            



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦J ٤J ١
                                                                           K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٧J ٤J ١
                                                                                                     
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF
         
‫א‬J ١٠٣                   
                           FK‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                        KE‫א‬




                               (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٣٠١-ﺇﲡﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﻘﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻹﺳﻔﻨﺠﻴﺔ‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨J ٤J ١
                                                                             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F
                                                                                           K‫א‬
                                            
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٩J ٤J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E????‫א‬F
                                                                
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                          
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٠٢ F،‫א‬EF‫א‬
                                                                                                     KE‫א‬
                                 K‫א‬١٠J ٤J ١
                                                        W‫א‬‫א‬٥J ١
                      W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١J ٥J ١

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     ‫א‬‫א‬                                    ٢٠٣                                         
                                                  ١J                                  



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬                      
                                                                                                                      J 
                                                 
                                               K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                       KE‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢J ٥J ١
                                                                    K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣J ٥J ١
                                                                                                             K‫א‬
                                                             J W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                              K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
                K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE‫א‬
                                                                                         
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                         K‫א‬
          K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                          W‫א‬‫א‬١J ٢
                                              
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬
                                                                             K‫א‬‫א‬


                                                          -٦-
     ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢٠٣                                    
                                             ١J                             



                                                                                           W
                    
J ١٠٤ F،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                                (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٤٠١- ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺰﻭﺍﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬

                                                                                  W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬( H, G, F, E, D, C, Ά, A )‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  J   
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢٠F‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
                                                                                                   K
                                                                                      
               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  J 
                                                                                        
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬J  J 
                                        
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬(CH)‫א‬KE٥J ٤J ٣F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬(FA)‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                          K(CH) (FA)



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    ‫א‬‫א‬                             ٢٠٣                                  
                                          ١J                           



‫א‬‫א‬KDGBEFADG‫א‬
                                         K‫א‬EBCH‫א‬‫א‬
                                          
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                W‫א‬
           
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
                         
J ١٠٥ F،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                    (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٥٠١- ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺍﳊﺎﺋﻂ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺍ ﻣﻊ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺍﳌﺜﻠﺚ‬
                        W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
                                                                               C = (S-1) Cm
            K(c)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬ K٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
       K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
                                                                 W‫א‬‫א‬٢J ٢
  
EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                 W


                                                  -٨-
     ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢٠٣                                   
                                            ١J                            



       
J ١٠٥ F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                             KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                          
                                                                                    W
             
E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                          K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                               (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٦٠١- ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺣﺼﺮ ﺍﻟﺰﻭﺍﻳﺎ ﻟﻠﻐﺮﻑ‬

                                                                                              W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(AB) K٧
                                   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
             KBA‫א‬CBDA‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٨
‫א‬‫א‬(5,4,3,2,1)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٩
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                                                
‫א‬،٦K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   KEEF‫א‬F‫א‬AB‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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     ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢٠٣                                   
                                            ١J                            



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٠
                K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                       W١J ٥
                                            
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬١J ٥
                                                                               
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                              K‫א‬
                           
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢J ٥
    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

                                               W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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                                                                   K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                          K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF
                                                                                      W‫א‬‫א‬J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
                                                                                                   W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١J ١
         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬E١F‫א‬
                                                   - ١٠ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                 ٢٠٣                                      
                                               ١J                               



                                                     
‫א‬‫א‬E٢F٢J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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،E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٠٧ F،‫א‬‫א‬
                                       W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                        ( ‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٧٠١-ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺧﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺒﻞ ﰲ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﺳﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻮﺍﺟﻬﺔ‬
                                                       
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬??‫א‬‫א‬J 
     KE١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬٣J ١
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٠٨ F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢٥F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٠٧ F‫א‬E٢٥F‫א‬
E٢٥FEF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E
                                                                K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                      - ١١ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                 ٢٠٣                                      
                                               ١J                              




                                    (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٨٠١- ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﺍﺀ ﺍﳊﺎﺋﻂ‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬٤J ١
                                                                                           
KE٢F‫א‬‫א‬E٢F
                    
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                        K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٥J ١
‫א‬KE‫א‬KKK،،‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
                                                    KE‫א‬KK‫א‬––‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                     W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬KKK‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬–FE‫א‬KKK
                                                
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                            K‫א‬
                                                                   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١J ٢
  
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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     ‫א‬‫א‬                                ٢٠٣                                     
                                              ١J                             



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                           W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  J 
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‫א‬K‫א‬
   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                        K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                                                          
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  J 
                      
‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
                                                                              K
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 
                                   K‫א‬ EF
                                                                                      
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 
                                    
‫א‬‫א‬،E‫א‬J ١٠٩ F،‫א‬
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                          K‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                                                     - ١٣ -
    ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢٠٣                              
                                            ١J                       




                               (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٩٠١- ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﺔ ﺑﻄﻦ ﻭﻇﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﱪﻭﺯ‬

                                                        WE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  J         
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                     
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                         KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  J 
                                                    
                                                 K‫א‬‫א‬E١F‫א‬
                                                                                                   
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  J 
                                                                                            K‫א‬
                                                                                                   
                     K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  J 
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     ‫א‬‫א‬                                   ٢٠٣                                        
                                                 ١J                                



                                                          W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE٥F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                          
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                     K‫א‬KKK
                                            W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
                                                                           W‫א‬‫א‬١J ٣
                   
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                  
‫א‬K‫א‬ EF
                                                                                          K‫א‬
                                                   
‫א‬E٣L٤٥٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                    
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                  K‫א‬‫א‬
                        J WE‫א‬KK––F‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                 W‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                            W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                W‫א‬‫א‬
  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                  W‫א‬‫א‬
         KEF‫א‬E٣٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                         W‫א‬‫א‬
                     K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                       K‫א‬K‫א‬


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     ‫א‬‫א‬                                 ٢٠٣                                     
                                               ١J                             



KEF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                   
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                K‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                               W‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                             K
                       
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
KE١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
           
                          
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                               W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
                                                                                                    K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
                                                                                                 K‫א‬‫א‬
                             K‫ א‬‫א‬J ٣

                                                                               W‫א‬‫א‬٢J ٣
                                                                                  
‫א‬HFK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K(c-26)
                                                                       W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                               K(5kg)H(c-26)‫א‬(2-3kg)H16kg
                                     
KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                 
                                                                                               K
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                                                      - ١٦ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                  ٢٠٣                                      
                                                ١J                               



                                                           W‫א‬
‫א‬E٢٥FE١٢F‫א‬ K١١
                                                                      K‫א‬‫א‬
                     
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٢
                                              
‫א‬K‫א‬E٤F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٤F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                     K‫א‬‫א‬EF
                 
K‫א‬‫א‬ K١٣
                                                                     K‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                  K
                                                                
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                       K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE٤٥F‫א‬
                                                                 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                
F‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣J ٤
                                                                                      K‫א‬KE
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤J ٤
                                                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬




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     ‫א‬‫א‬                                  ٢٠٣                                       
                                                ١J                                



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                 K‫א‬‫א‬
          
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                 K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                 
‫א‬E‫א‬F K١٦
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١٧
‫א‬E٣٠J ٢٥F‫א‬E١٢F‫א‬
                                                                                             K‫א‬
                           
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٨
     K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                                             W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
    
٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                   W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                        K١٢
                                                                                                  ٣٠{٠٢٥
                                                                                                    ٣٠{٢٥
                                                                                                  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
                                                                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                           W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
                                                     W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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     ‫א‬‫א‬                             ٢٠٣                                     
                                           ١J                              



                                                                            K٩‫א‬
                                                                                K٣٠{٠٤٥
                                           
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                              W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
                                         W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                               K٣‫א‬
                                                                               K٠{٢٥W(C-26)‫א‬
                                                                                         K١{٢٥W

                                                                                          W‫א‬
٢،E‫א‬F٢‫א‬‫א‬٢٣٧
                                                            K‫א‬‫א‬٣،EF




                                                  - ١٩ -
      ‫א‬‫א‬                                   ٢٠٣                                       
                                                  ١J                               



                                       ‫א‬‫א‬W
                                            
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                       K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                               W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
                                        
 ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                        
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                            
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                              
                             K‫א‬K‫א‬
                        
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٩
                    
 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
    
 KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 E٢٤F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢٠
                                
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                         K
 ٣٥٠٢١EF‫א‬‫א‬ K٢١
                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ٣L
              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢٢
                                                                                 W
                                                    
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،EJ ١١٠ F،‫א‬‫א‬
                                                       
 E٣٠C٢٠F‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
                                          KAB‫א‬‫א‬??


                                                         - ٢٠ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                ٢٠٣                                    
                                              ١J                             




                                    ( ‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٠١١- ﻣﺴﻘﻂ ﺃﻓﻘﻲ ﳊﻤﺎﻡ‬

                                                                                               W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬AB‫א‬‫א‬J ١
                        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
E٥F‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ٢F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ٢F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                               W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
              WE١٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
                                                              W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
                                               c = 350 – 3 – 10 = 337 cm                                 
                                     W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •

                                           337 / 30+0.3 = 11.12
                          W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •

                                                     - ٢١ -
    ‫א‬‫א‬                           ٢٠٣                               
                                        ١J                       


                                  11 x 30.3 =333.3 cm                  
                                                                                                  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
                                                         
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣F
                       KE‫א‬‫א‬J ١١١ F،‫א‬




                            (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ١١١- ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺍﻟﺒﺆﺟﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ‬
                                                                                                  
                        
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬KADBC‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                             
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                      
BC‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬AB‫א‬‫א‬E
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ AD
                          KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١١٢ F،‫א‬




                                               - ٢٢ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                 ٢٠٣                                      
                                               ١J                              




                                   ( ‫) ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٢١١- ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﳉﺪﺍﺭ‬
                                                                                                               
                           
‫א‬‫א‬J ١ F،‫א‬E٢،١F‫א‬J ٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                     ( ‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ١- ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﲑﺍﻣﻴﻚ ﻳﺮﻛﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺓ‬
                                
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٤،٢،٣F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
                                                                              
E٢،١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
      KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢ FJ ‫א‬‫א‬

                                                      - ٢٣ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                   ٢٠٣                                       
                                                 ١J                               




                        ( ‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٢- ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ ﺍﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻹﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺒﻞ ﻭﺍﳋﻴﻂ‬
‫א‬‫א‬E٦،٥F‫א‬‫א‬J
KE٣J ٢F‫א‬‫א‬E٢،١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E٤،٢FE٣،١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٦،٥F‫א‬
      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
                                                                          K‫א‬
E٤،٣F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٨
                                                                  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E ‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬J ٩
                                                                                      
                                                  
،٢F‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢         
                                                                                    FEKK،٦،٤
                                                                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
KCD‫א‬‫א‬AB‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٠
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٠،٩F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE٨،٧F
                        
‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬

                                                        - ٢٤ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢٠٣                                   
                                             ١J                            



                                             
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٠،٩F‫א‬
                                                        KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣ 
E١٢،١١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬E١٠،٩F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٠،٩F‫א‬
                                                                           K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬E١٤،١٣F‫א‬‫א‬J
                                      ،E١٢،١٠FE١١،٩F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٠،٩F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٢،١١F‫א‬‫א‬J
                                                                                                      K‫א‬
                                                                                                     W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٢،١١F‫א‬ •
              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
                                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                      K‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬K(AB)‫א‬‫א‬(C-D)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١١
‫א‬J ٣ F–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٦،١٥F‫א‬
                                                                         
E١٨،١٧F‫א‬‫א‬E١٦،١٥F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K (AB)‫א‬‫א‬E٢،١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                          K(AB)‫א‬‫א‬(C-D)‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬(D-C)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KJ ١٢
                 
  F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                          KE‫א‬‫א‬J ٤




                                                    - ٢٥ -
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬                    ‫٣٠٢‪ ‬‬                       ‫‪ ‬‬
     ‫‪‬‬                         ‫‪ ١J ‬‬               ‫‪ ‬‬




                 ‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٣- ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺳﲑﺍﻣﻴﻚ ﺍﻟﺴﻘﻒ(‬




                       ‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٤- ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺳﲑﺍﻣﻴﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻮﺩ(‬

                                      ‫- ٦٢ -‬
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                ٢٠٣                                      
                                              ١J                              



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KJ ١٣
        KE٥F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬J ‫–א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KJ ١٤
                                                            K‫א‬
                                                                                     W
                      
E‫א‬J ‫א‬–‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
                                          K‫א‬E‫א‬F
  
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                     K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
                                                                             KE٣L٤٥٠F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
                                                                                         K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥
                                                                                                 K
                                                          W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                        
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                      W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١
                                                           
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                        KE٠{٥F ‫א‬


                                                     - ٢٧ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                   ٢٠٣                                        
                                                 ١J                                



      
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
E١٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                     
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                              K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
                                             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٤
                                                                                                         
                                                                                     K




                                       ( ‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٥- ﺗﻌﺒﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺍﻏﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﳌﻮﻧﺔ‬




                                                        - ٢٨ -
    ‫א‬‫א‬                         ٢٠٣                             
                                      ١J                      



                                                                                     W
        
EF‫א‬‫א‬
                               
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                             KE‫א‬‫א‬J ٥ FK‫א‬‫א‬




                                             - ٢٩ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢٠٣                                  
                                             ١J                           



                                                      
                                     ‫א‬W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                    W‫א‬
                                                                      W‫א‬KJ 
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                               
K٢٠E١FE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
                                          
‫א‬‫א‬K٢٥E٥٠F‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                            
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                         
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                            
                                                                                          K
                                                                                W‫א‬J 
                                                                    W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                  EF         ٪٣٠
‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬     ٪٦٠
                                                        KE‫א‬‫א‬
                                     K‫א‬EF             ٪٥
                                                              KEF      ٪٤
                                                                    K         ٪١
                    
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
      W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                  KEF‫א‬HE‫א‬FHW
                                                                             KEHFW‫א‬
                                              KE‫א‬HHFW
                                 K‫א‬‫א‬HHWEF‫א‬
                                                                       KHW
                               KE‫א‬F‫א‬HW

                                                    - ٣٠ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                  ٢٠٣                                      
                                                ١J                               



              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                     W
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                      K‫א‬
                                    W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                        K K١
                                                                                        KEF K٢
                          KW K٣
                     KW K٤

                                                      W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬–‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
                                                         
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬E‫א‬KKK‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
         
E٤٨F٢٤‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                           K
                               
‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
                                                                                
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                     
٢٨F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                 
                                                                               WE٤٨‫א‬
                                                                                  W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                           
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                           K‫א‬
                                                                               W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬E١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                    
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
                                                                             K‫א‬‫א‬

                                                       - ٣١ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢٠٣                                    
                                             ١J                             



                                                                                    W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬KE١F‫א‬‫א‬
                                                               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                       
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬EF‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
                                                                        
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                              W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                W‫א‬‫א‬
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،E‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                          W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                   KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                            W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                  
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                     W
              KEF‫א‬  K٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٦
                                 
‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                      K‫א‬
                KEJ F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٧
               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٨
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                                                    - ٣٢ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢٠٣                                  
                                            ١J                          



                                                                     W‫א‬‫א‬J 
                 
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                               W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                     ٪٦٠
                                                                                          ٪٢٥
                                                                                   ٪١٥
          
KK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                         
F‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                         KE
٪٣٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                               K‫א‬
                         
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                      
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                                                   - ٣٣ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                   ٢٠٣                                        
                                                 ١J                                



                                                                                        W‫א‬J 
                                                                 W‫א‬J ١
           
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
EF‫א‬ E٢٤F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
    
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                              K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                             W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                        KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                              
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١J ٢
                                                                           K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                           
‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬٢J ٢
                                                                                      
EF‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                               K
          K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤J ٢
                                                      
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                             K
                                                                                       W‫א‬J 
                                                             K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                                                        - ٣٤ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢٠٣                                 
                                            ١J                          



                                                                  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                                    W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
                                          W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                       W‫א‬J ١J ١
                                                                    ٢L٠{٠٥ J     
                                                                                              
                                                                    ٢L٠{٣٥ J 
                                                                                               
                                                                     ٢L٠{٣٥  J 
                                                                  W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢J ١
                                                       K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ J       
                                                                                             
                                                                 ٢L٠{٤ J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                            K‫א‬
                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
                                                          W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
                                                            
K‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                K‫…א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                            K‫א‬




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     ‫א‬‫א‬                                 ٢٠٣                                      
                                               ١J                               



                                                          
                                     ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬
                        
J ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  K‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
              W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                   W‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                    W‫א‬
                                                                          W
‫א‬‫א‬٦‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
         
K‫א‬‫א‬٠{٦٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬.(Grid Iron)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                              
‫א‬٥٠C٤٠١٠J ٨
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬(Expanded Metal)‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                       
J ٦ F–٢L١{٢٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٢٠
                                                      KE




                                                      - ٣٦ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                 ٢٠٣                                     
                                               ١J                             




                         (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٦-ﺗﻔﺎﺻﻴﻞ ﻟﺴﻘﻒ ﻣﻌﻠﻖ ﻣﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺒﻚ ﻣﻌﺪﱐ ﳑﺪﺩ‬
‫א‬٥(over lap)‫א‬‫א‬
  
K٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،١W٢
٣،٥‫א‬‫א‬

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    ‫א‬‫א‬                                ٢٠٣                                  
                                             ١J                        



    
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ –‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                    
‫א‬‫א‬J ٧ F،K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                        ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                               
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٧ F،E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                   ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                   KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




                    ‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٧- ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻚ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﱐ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻭﻓﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﻧﻴﺔ‬
                                       (‫ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻌﻤﻠﺔ ﰲ ﺑﻴﺎﺽ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻚ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﱐ‬
                                                    - ٣٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬                    ٢٠٣                       
                              ١J                




                 (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٠٢١-ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﳐﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻘﻮﻑ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬

                                     - ٣٩ -
    ‫א‬‫א‬                          ٢٠٣                              
                                       ١J                       



                                                                     W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                           
‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                            KE‫א‬‫א‬
               
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬EFiber board)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
             KE‫א‬J ١٢١ F‫א‬KKK




                         ( ‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ١٢١- ﻃﺮﻕ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺃﺳﻘﻒ ﺑﺄﻟﻮﺍﺡ ﻣﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬

                                              - ٤٠ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                    ٢٠٣                                         
                                                  ١J                                  



‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٩
                     KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٠
                                                                                        KE‫א‬F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬ K١١
                                                                                        K‫א‬‫א‬
                      
‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ K١٢
‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬
                                        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١٣
                                                 
–‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                           WE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
         E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٢٢ F
                                                                                 K‫א‬‫א‬J 
                             K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
     
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٢٢ F،E‫א‬
                                                                                              KE‫א‬
                                                                               W
                     
‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
                                                                       
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


                                                         - ٤١ -
    ‫א‬‫א‬                            ٢٠٣                                
                                         ١J                        



                                                                         
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                               K
            K٢L٣،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
        K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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               ( ‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٢٢١- ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺘﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎﺕ‬




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     ‫א‬‫א‬                                      ٢٠٣                                          
                                                    ١J                                  



                                                 
                                 ‫א‬W
–‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬
                                W،‫א‬‫א‬

                                                                   W‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W W‫א‬‫א‬

                                                                                   W‫א‬J ١
                                                                                         W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                        W‫א‬١J ١
                             
EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                               
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F
                                                                          K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                W‫א‬‫א‬١١J ١J ١
                                                    
‫א‬J ‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                      
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                      
‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                     K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬KKK‫א‬
                               K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  
KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                       K‫א‬
    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


                                                           - ٤٣ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                 ٢٠٣                                      
                                               ١J                               



                                                                 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢J ١J ١
                            
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
      
٢٠،‫א‬
                        
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K١٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
              
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                            
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
          
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
                                
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K١٠–٨‫א‬
                                                                                           K
                                                             W‫א‬‫א‬٣J ١J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ٣
                                                                   
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                           KE٣F‫א‬
                                                                                          W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                              K٪١‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                               W‫א‬‫א‬
                                              WB ‫א‬E١{٢F‫א‬‫א‬J ١
                            B1,   2 = √25+25 = √50 = 7.1m

                                                      ‫א‬ B‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
                            VB = ( 7.1 x 1) D100 = 0.071m = 7.1cm
              K(7.1cm)‫א‬21‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

                                                      - ٤٤ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                             ٢٠٣                                 
                                           ١J                          



                      E١{٢FCBA‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
                      VA,c = 5 x 1 = 5 cm VD = 5 cm
   E‫א‬‫א‬J ١٢٣ F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤




                                   (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٣٢١- ﺍﲡﺎﻩ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ‬
E٣J ٢F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                         
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                       K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢١‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
                                               
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
             K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                             K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                       


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     ‫א‬‫א‬                                ٢٠٣                                     
                                              ١J                             



                                                                  W‫א‬٢J ١
                
٣٣L٣٥٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                      J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
                                                   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١J ٢J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                     
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                W‫א‬
                                                                           
‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K١
                                  
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
      
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                           KE‫א‬KKK‫א‬
      
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
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‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                              K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                       W‫א‬‫א‬
                                K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE٣J ١F‫א‬
                                                                       
،E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٢٤ F
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                              
‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                        K٣
     
‫א‬J ١٢٥ F‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
                                                                                  KE٠J 

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    ‫א‬‫א‬                            ٢٠٣                               
                                         ١J                        




                     (‫ﺎﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺿﻴﺔ‬‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٤٢١- ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﺠﺪﺍﺭ ﺍ‬
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                      (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٥٢١- ﺷﺪ ﺍﳋﻴﻂ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻧﺖ-٠ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺃﻓﻘﻲ‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٣‫א‬‫א‬
      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
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‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
                                                                               K‫א‬‫א‬
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     ‫א‬‫א‬                             ٢٠٣                                  
                                           ١J                           



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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE٢٤F‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
                                                      
K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                         K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،E‫א‬‫א‬J ١٢٦ F–‫א‬
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‫א‬E٣FK‫א‬‫א‬
               KEF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬




                                    ( ‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٦٢١- ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺍﻟﻮﺯﺭﺍﺕ‬

                                                     W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢J ٢J ١
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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E٣J ٢F‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                      K‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                           KEJ ١٢٧ FK‫א‬


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     ‫א‬‫א‬                                 ٢٠٣                                     
                                               ١J                             




                                 ( ‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٧٢١- ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺑﻼﻁ ﻭﻓﻖ ﺭﲰﺔ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬

                                      WE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬٣J ٢J ١
            
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                        W
                  
‫א‬،E‫א‬J ١٢٨ F‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                           E٪١F‫א‬‫א‬




                                   (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٨٢١-ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺑﻼﻁ ﺍﳊﻤﺎﻡ‬




                                                      - ٤٩ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                ٢٠٣                                    
                                              ١J                             



                                                                                  W
                                  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                             
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢
                                                      
K‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                          
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬K١
                      ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                     200 x 0.01 = 2cm
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
                                                                                                KEK‫א‬
‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ D ‫ و‬A ‫ و‬B‫א‬‫א‬K٢
   WAD‫א‬(0.00)O‫א‬‫א‬KEO
                        Vb = Va = (A0) x (0.01) = 200 x 0.01= 2.00 cm
                        Vd = (D0) x (0.10) = 283 x 0.01 = 2.83 cm
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
                                                         K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                      K‫א‬‫א‬DA‫א‬K٣
                                                          
(O)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ BA‫א‬K٤
‫א‬‫א‬–E‫א‬J ١٢٩ F–
                                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E OBF(A,O)




                                                     - ٥٠ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                               ٢٠٣                                    
                                             ١J                             




                              (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٩٢١- ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﺮﻕ ﺍﳌﻨﺴﻮﺏ ﺑﲔ ﻧﻘﻄﺘﲔ‬


‫א‬‫א‬AB‫א‬‫א‬AB‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                      AD‫א‬‫א‬AD
                                                           
                                K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                        W
                                                                                   
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                         K‫א‬‫א‬٣J ٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

                                             WEWood FloorF‫א‬J ٢
‫א‬(Wood Sleepers)‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                          
‫א‬‫א‬٣C١{٥٣C٣٢C٢
               
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١‫א‬
                                                                                     K
‫א‬–‫א‬٤٥–٣٥‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                              
–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬١‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

                                                    - ٥١ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                              ٢٠٣                                    
                                            ١J                            



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
 FEF–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                    KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٣٠




                         (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٠٣١- ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻴﺔ ﺍﳋﺸﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(Floor Clip)‫א‬‫א‬


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     ‫א‬‫א‬                                 ٢٠٣                                     
                                               ١J                             



                                                                                          
J ١٣٠ FEF‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K
                                                                     KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                             
‫א‬J ١٣٠ F‫א‬
                                                                                          
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،E‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                          K‫א‬
                        W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                                  EPlank FloorF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
–٨(Knots)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬٢{٨١{٩‫א‬١٢
                     
(Toenailing)?‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                      
‫א‬KE‫א‬‫א‬J ١٣١ F٤‫א‬
‫א‬٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
‫א‬F‫א‬٠{٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٦‫א‬٦x٦،‫א‬٤x٤‫א‬
                                                       
٠{٥‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬
 
 FEF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                      KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٣٠
‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                     
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                K‫א‬
                                                                EParquet FloorsF‫א‬٢J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                  
(Sub-Floor)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

                                                      - ٥٣ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                    ٢٠٣                                         
                                                  ١J                                  



                                                       
‫א‬،E‫א‬‫א‬J ١٣١ FEF
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤L٣٢٠J ١٢‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K١‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                               
J ١٣١ FE،FK(Toenailing)?‫א‬?
                                                                                            KE‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬١٥‫א‬‫א‬
                                  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                 EWood BlockF‫א‬٣J ٢
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‫א‬‫א‬١‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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،٢٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،E ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                          K٢١{٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬١٥‫א‬‫א‬
                                            K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
              
J ١٣١ FEF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                  KE‫א‬‫א‬




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 ‫א‬‫א‬                     ٢٠٣                        
                               ١J                 




                 (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ١٣١- ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﺃﺭﺿﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻛﻴﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻭﻛﺶ‬

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     ‫א‬‫א‬                                  ٢٠٣                                       
                                                ١J                               



                     EOnePieve floors Or thin tilesF‫א‬‫א‬J 
                      W‫א‬‫א‬
                                                       WEFJ ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،٥J ٣‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                         
‫א‬٣x٣‫א‬K
‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                K‫א‬
                                                                  W‫א‬J ٢
                        
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                     
EF٠{٤٠EF٠{٨٠٤٠
‫א‬،٣٠٠
                      
‫א‬‫א‬٢٠‫א‬‫א‬٣‫א‬
‫א‬،٦٠{٥‫א‬E‫א‬F
‫א‬،‫א‬
                                   
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤٠‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،٢{٠٠
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                   
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
   KE‫א‬،‫א‬J ٦٥‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                    W‫א‬J ٣
                                                                         
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١‫א‬٢٦‫א‬‫א‬
      K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


                                                       - ٥٦ -
    ‫א‬‫א‬                          ٢٠٣                                 
                                       ١J                          



                                                     W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
                                                      W‫א‬‫א‬
        W٢١٢٠x٢٠٢٤٠‫א‬‫א‬J ١
                                                                     ٢٠x٢٠٢٥
                                                                   ١٥x١٥٤٤
                                                                 K١٠x١٠١٠٠
                                                             W٢٢١
                        K‫א‬‫א‬٨H٢٠{٥١٧
          
K‫א‬‫א‬١٥x١٥٢٢{٥‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
                                                                         K٢٤٠–٣٠
                                   
٥٨{٣٠‫א‬E٤L٣F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
K٦٠{٢٥‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬١٢
                                         K٢٣٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬٢٤٥٢٣٥‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
                                                                              K‫א‬٢٨٠
                                
‫א‬K‫א‬٢١٠J ٥
                                              K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٢٥
                                                                                                   
                                                                                                   
                                                                                                   




                                              - ٥٧ -
    ‫א‬‫א‬                                 ٢٠٣                                      
                                              ١J                              



                                                        
                                ‫א‬‫א‬W
  J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                  W‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫ﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﻃﻮﺑﺔ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﻮﺍﺋﻂ ﺗﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺯﻟﺔ ﳊﻮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﳌﺒﲎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ٥١ﺳﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺭﺻﻴﻒ ﺍﳌﺒﲎ ﺍﳋﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﻣﻜﻮﻧﺔ ﻣﻦ ﳐﻠﻮﻁ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺳﻔﻠﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺧﻦ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻣﻞ ﺑﺴﻤﻚ ﻳﺘﺮﻭﺍﺡ ﻣﺎﺑﲔ ٥,١ – ٢ﺳﻢ ﰒ ﻳﻮﺿﻊ ﻓﻮﻗﻬﺎ ﻃﺒﻘﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﻧﺔ ﺍﻷﲰﻨﺖ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻣﻞ ﺑﺴﻤﻚ ١ﺳﻢ ﻟﺘﻜﻤﻠﺔ ﻣﺒﺎﱐ‬
                                                  – ‫ﺣﺎﺋﻂ ﺍﳌﺒﲎ‬

                                                      KE‫א‬J ١٣٢ F
                                                                                                              




                               ( ‫) ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٢٣١- ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻋﺰﻝ ﺭﻃﻮﺑﺔ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻴﺔ‬


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                            
‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                          J WE‫א‬‫א‬٦٤J ٥٩



                                                     - ٥٨ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                  ٢٠٣                                      
                                                ١J                               



                                           
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
                                                                                              K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
                                                                                                 K
      
‫א‬‫א‬٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
                                                                                           K

 ‫ﻭﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﻃﻮﺑﺔ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻴﺔ ﻷﺭﺿﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺪﺭﻭﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳊﻤﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺷﺎﺑﻪ ﺫﻟﻚ.. ﺗﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺯﻟﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺻﺐ ﺍﳋﺮﺳﺎﻧﺔ‬
 ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﺤﺔ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺑﺴﻤﻚ ٢ –٣ ﺳﻢ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﻀﺒﻂ ﺃﻓﻘﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﺗﻨﻌﻴﻢ ﺳﻄﺤﻬﺎ ﻟﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﻣﻠﺲ ﰒ ﻳﻔﺮﺩ ﻓﻮﻗﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺟﻔﺎﻓﻬﺎ ﻃﺒﻘﺔ ﻣﻦ ﳐﻠﻮﻁ‬
    ‫ﺍﻻﺳﻔﻠﺖ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻣﻞ ﺑﺴﻤﻚ ﻻ ﻳﻘﻞ ﻋﻦ ٢ﺳﻢ ﰒ ﻳﻮﺿﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻃﺒﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻣﻞ ﲰﻚ ٣ﺳﻢ ﰒ ﺍﳌﻮﻧﺔ ٢ﺳﻢ ﰒ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﻁ، ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﺼﺐ ﻃﺒﻘﺔ ﻣﻦ‬
 ‫ﺍﳋﺮﺳﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﻨﻮ ﲰﻚ ٥ ﺳﻢ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺯﻟﺔ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﳊﻔﻈﻬﺎ ﰒ ﻳﻮﺿﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻄﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻣﺔ )ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﺒﲔ ﰲ‬

                                                        KE‫א‬J ١٣٢ F

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                                            
                                                                                                          K
                                                                             W‫א‬‫א‬J 
             
 K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٣١٣٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
١٠(Over Lap)‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
١٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                  
F–٢‫א‬‫א‬٢‫א‬٢‫א‬٧–٣
                                                                                  KE‫א‬J ١٣٣ 
                                                                                                                 
                                                       - ٥٩ -
    ‫א‬‫א‬                         ٢٠٣                            
                                      ١J                     



‫א‬،‫א‬??
         
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                         K‫א‬‫א‬
                                                                                             
                                                                                             




                               (‫)ﺷﻜﻞ ﺭﻗﻢ ٣٣١- ﻋﺰﻝ ﺍﻷﺳﻄﺢ‬




                                             - ٦٠ -
     ‫א‬‫א‬                                ٢٠٣                                   
                                       ١J                            




                                           
،‫א‬‫א‬،،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫ א‬J ١
                                                                               K١٤٢٣،‫א‬

     K١٩٩١،‫א‬‫א‬،،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،، J ٢
                                                                                                      
                                                                  
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬،، J ٣
                            K١٩٩٩،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬

                                       
‫א‬،،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،، J ٤
                                                                        K٢٠٠١،‫א‬

  
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
                            K١٩٩٧،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
                          K١٩٨٢،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

7- Barry, R., The construction of Buildings, U.K., Blackwell Science,
   1996.

8- Garcia, David Fernandez, Construction Encyclopedia, Hugo
   Quiroga Capovilla, Malaga- Spain, 1996.

9- McKay, W.B., Building Construction, U.K., London, Long man
   Group Ltd., 1998.


10- Ochida, T.& M. Kita and Others, Performance and Durability of
    New Flexible Adhesive for External Wall Finish, Japan, Urawa,
    Konishi Co. Ltd., 1999.


                                                 - ٦١ -
 ‫א‬              ٢٠٣                                          
                   ١J                                  




١                                                                        W‫א‬‫א‬
١                                                                       W‫א‬‫א‬
١                                                           W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
١                                                           W‫א‬‫א‬
١                                                               W‫א‬‫א‬
١                                                               W‫א‬‫א‬
٢                                                      E‫א‬F‫א‬W
٢                         J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
٢                                         J W‫א‬‫א‬J ١
٦                                       J W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
٦                                       W‫א‬‫א‬١J ٢
٧                                                                            W
٧                                                                  W‫א‬‫א‬
٨                                            W‫א‬‫א‬٢J ٢
٨                                                                            W
٩                                                                       W
٩                                                                  W‫א‬‫א‬
١٠                                                              W١J ٥
١٠                       W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
١٠                                                          W‫א‬‫א‬J ١
١٢                                                   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
١٢                                                   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١J ٢
١٤                                     WE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢J ٢
١٥                                       W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣J ٢
١٥         W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
١٥                                                     W‫א‬‫א‬١J ٣
١٥                                                         W‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫א‬       ٢٠٣                                    
            ١J                             



١٥                                                       W‫א‬‫א‬
١٥                                                      W‫א‬‫א‬
١٥                                                     W‫א‬‫א‬
١٦                                           W‫א‬‫א‬J 
١٦                                   W‫א‬‫א‬
١٦                                                 W‫א‬‫א‬٢J ٣
١٧                              W‫א‬
١٨                     W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
١٨                                   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
١٩                                                 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
١٩                                                        W‫א‬
٢٠                                               ‫א‬‫א‬W
٢٠              W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
٢٠                                                               W
٢١                                                    W‫א‬‫א‬
٢٥                                                          W
٢٧                                                        W
٢٧                          W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
٢٩                                                          W
٣٠                                                                
                                                   ‫א‬W
٣٠                                                   W‫א‬KJ 
٣٠                                          W‫א‬J 
٣١                                                          W
٣١         W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٣١                                                       W‫א‬‫א‬
٣١                                                      W‫א‬‫א‬
٣٢                                                     W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬       ٢٠٣                                       
            ١J                                



٣٢                                                         W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٣٢                                                          W‫א‬‫א‬
٣٢                                                         W‫א‬‫א‬
٣٢                                                W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
٣٢                                                             W
٣٣                                       W‫א‬‫א‬J 
٣٤                                             W‫א‬J 
٣٤                                            W‫א‬J ١
٣٤                                    W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
٣٤                                                    W‫א‬J 
٣٥                               W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
٣٥                                   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
٣٥                                      W‫א‬J ١J ١
٣٥                              W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢J ١
٣٥                              W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
٣٦                                                                 
                                                ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬
٣٦                                          W‫א‬‫א‬J 
٣٦                                              W
٤٠                                        W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
٤١                                                      W
٤٣                                                               
                                                   ‫א‬W
٤٣                                                 W‫א‬‫א‬J 
٤٣                                       W‫א‬J ١
٤٣                                              W‫א‬١J ١
٤٣                                 W‫א‬‫א‬١١J ١J ١
٤٤                                   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢J ١J ١
٤٤                                 W‫א‬‫א‬٣J ١J ١
 ‫א‬                                ٢٠٣                                       
                                     ١J                                



٤٤                                                                                           W
٤٤                                                                                W‫א‬‫א‬
٤٦                                                                   W‫א‬٢J ١
٤٦                                     W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١J ٢J ١
٤٦                                                                                W‫א‬‫א‬
٤٨                                            W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢J ٢J ١
٤٩                  WE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬٣J ٢J ١
٥٠                                                                                W
٥٠                                                                                W‫א‬‫א‬
٥١                                                                                      W
٥١                                                       WEWood FloorF‫א‬J ٢
٥٣                                                             EPlank FloorF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١J ٢
٥٣                                                       EParquet FloorsF‫א‬٢J ٢
٥٤                                                       EWood BlockF‫א‬٣J ٢
٥٦                 EOne Pieve floors Or thin tilesF‫א‬‫א‬J 
٥٦                                                  WEFJ ١
٥٦                                                                    W‫א‬J ٢
٥٦                                                                    W‫א‬J ٣
٥٧                                              W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
٥٨                                                                                         
                                                                     ‫א‬‫א‬W
٥٨                                                                     W‫א‬‫א‬J 
٥٩                                                           W‫א‬‫א‬J 
   
K ‫א‬‫א‬>                                                            ‫א‬‫א‬
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               ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

            ‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬

GOTEVOT appreciates the financial support provided by BAE SYSTEMS

				
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