Docstoc

in its whole form

Document Sample
in its whole form Powered By Docstoc
					      WEEE Directive and
       Social Economy



Strasbourg
May 16th, 2000
               WEEE Directive (1)

• Third draft July 1999
• Final proposal summer 2000?
• Adoption 2002?

• Aims
    • Prevention
    • Re-use, recycling and other forms of recovery
    • Minimising risks of treatment and disposal
 CONTENTS OF
WEEE DIRECTIVE
                WEEE Directive (2)

• Prevention
     • Eco-design, use of recycled materials
     • Bans (lead, mercury,cadmium…)
• Separate collection
     • MS ensure that WEEE from private households
       can be returned
     • 1-for-1 take back, free of charge
     • Collection and transport with care
     • Target: 4 kg/inhabitant
                WEEE Directive (3)
• Treatment
    • MS ensure producers set up systems for
      treatment, not hindering re-use and recycling
    • Permits and other conditions for treatment
      operations
• Recovery
    • MS ensure producers set up for recovery
    • Targets for material and substance re-use and
      recycling
    • Denominator = weight of group sent to recycler
      / numerator is weight of materials not sent to
      disposal or incinerator
                 WEEE Directive (4)
• Financing
     • Free of charge for private households
     • Costs for collection, treatment recovery and
       disposal borne by producers
     • Or collective systems or their own brand name
• Information for users
     • concerning return and collection systems
     • concerning their role in re-use, recycling and
       other forms of recovery
• Other articles
OUR COMMENTS
                WE WELCOME
• Re-use is mentioned
• Separate collection (ensuring suitability
  for re-use) + collection targets
• Treatment at certified companies only
• Financing by producers
• Information for material identification
• Private households informed about their
  role
          SOCIAL ECONOMY IN THE
               DIRECTIVE (1)

• Benefits of Social Economy (3rd sector)
  not mentioned
     • economic
     • environmental
     • labour market / social policy
• Preamble must mention role and
  opportunities for social economy /
  employment
        SOCIAL ECONOMY IN THE
             DIRECTIVE (2)

• Our proposal:
    • Add definition of Social Economy into the
      Preamble, by referring to European
      Employment Strategy Guidelines (Guideline 12)
          » exploit fully the possibilities offered by job
            creation at local level and in the social economy
          » consideration shall be given to the role of the
            social economy sector and the opportunities for
            social employment in collection, separation, re-
            use, recycling and treatment of WEEE
              RE-USE AS OBJECTIVE
                     (Art. 1)

• The second objective mixes up re-use,
  recycling, other forms of recovery
• Our proposal: split the second objective,
  thus:
     •   1 = waste prevention
     •   2 = re-use
     •   3 = recycling and other forms of recovery
     •   4 = minimising risks of treatment and disposal
           DEFINITION OF RE-USE
                   (Art. 2)

• Re-use of whole appliances is not well
  supported. Mostly component parts are meant
• Our proposal: change the definition of
  re-use
     • Re-use means any operation by which WEEE
       in its whole form or its component parts are
       used for the same purpose for which they were
       conceived. Re-use includes the continued use
       of the whole item or of its component parts
             ENSURE SUITABILITY
             FOR REUSE (Art. 5, 4)

• Requiring that producers ensure
  treatment does not hinder re-use, is too
  late in the chain
• Our proposals: change Art. 5, 4, thus:
     • Suitability for re-use as a whole appliance has
       to be ensured during collection and transport
     • No treatment before re-usable whole
       appliances are separated from WEEE that will
       be treated
                 MEASUREMENT OF
                  RE-USE (Art. 7, 3)
•   Collect and report data on re-use
•   Impose re-use targets
•   License re-use centres
•   Include re-use into measurement
    recycling rates
       • Denominator = collected weight (instead of
         weight sent to recycler)
       • Numerator = weight of whole appliances,
         components or materials not sent to disposal or
         incinerator
               PREVENTION AND
            LIFETIME EXPECTANCY

• Prevention includes tools such as
     • eco-taxes, substitution targets, inventories
     • manuals to design for extended lifetime, for
       durability, for re-use or reparability, for
       possibility to upgrade
• Label expected technical lifetime
     • this will encourage users to use the product for
       a longer time
          COLLECTION TARGETS

• Collection targets are too low
• Our proposal: 6 kg/inhabitant/year
                   MORE ACTORS
                   IN THE CHAIN

• Avoid vertical integration and complete
  control from production to waste
  treatment by producers
• Our proposal:
     • Provide a role for actors other than producers
       for collection, sorting and re-use
     • Build on existing infrastructure rather than
       create new
            PROXIMITY PRINCIPLE
            CLOSE THE LOOPHOLE

• Refer to proximity principle in Preamble
     • In relation to collection, re-use and treatment
• Export is the loophole
     • So-called re-usable whole appliances will be
       exported
     • Our proposal: limit or license export to those
       countries that have equivalent conditions for
       treatment
ROLE OF SOCIAL ECONOMY
        IN WEEE
                                             OUR SCHEME
                                                  CONSUMER



                                                   Bring - collect

                Re-usable                               Re-usable

    MUNICIPAL                  RE-USE CENTRE                         RETAILER (small)    RETAILER with
COLLECTION SCHEMES                                                                      distribution centre




                            Regional Handling Station                                         Non re-usable
                            ROS+

                                                                     TRANSPORTER




                     Non re-usable



                                                                        RECYCLER
                   ACTIVITIES (1)

• Collect
     • Own collection schemes, embedded in local
       schemes, offer service to local retailers,
     • Centralise
• Separate, sort
     • Separate re-usable and non reusable
                 ACTIVITIES (2)

• Test, repair, refurbish, sell re-usable
  appliances
               ACTIVITIES (3)

• Remove liquid CFC’s
• Dismantle non re-usable appliances
                   BENEFITS

• Opportunities for training and social
  employment of low skilled and longterm
  unemployed people
• Trainees easily fit into other sectors of
  private and public labour markets
• Estimated employment: about 35,000
  persons in EU
                BENEFITS (2)

• Environmental benefits: re-use,
  extended life-time, saving energy and
  resources, according to principles of
  sustainable development
• Social benefits: providing cheap goods
  to people of low income

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:1
posted:12/11/2012
language:Unknown
pages:33