VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 16 POSTED ON: 12/9/2012
Civics and Economics Review Book #2 This Book Belongs To: Marbury versus Madison in Action Judicial review Case that decided it A teacher leading a school prayer Constitutional Unconstitutional Burning a U.S. flag Constitutional Unconstitutional Setting aside college slots for African Constitutional Unconstitutional Americans The death penalty for people Constitutional Unconstitutional convicted of murder Using evidence in court that was Constitutional Unconstitutional illegally obtained by the police A principal searching a student Constitutional Unconstitutional without a warrant A student wearing a rainbow ribbon Constitutional Unconstitutional to promote gay rights Match the part of the Constitution with what it means: Preamble Constitution is the highest law “We The People, do ordain and establish…” legislative branch The Supremacy Clause goals of the U.S. government The Necessary and Proper Clause gives Congress implied powers The Full Faith and Credit Clause judicial branch Article I executive branch Article II popular sovereignty Article III all state records (marriage certificates, driver’s licenses) must be Recognized by the other states Philosophers that Influenced the American Political System 1688: _______________________ philosophy of government rejects the divine right of kings; rather, every person is entitled to certain natural rights: life, liberty, and property. Locke believes it is the duty of the government to protect these rights. 1748: _______________________ believed government should be divided into three branches and that each branch should place limits on the other. 1762: _____________ most important work is ‘_____________’ that describes the relationship of man with society. 1776: ____________________ said it was “Common Sense” to break away from England! Name the fraction……….what do they pass? 1/2 plus 1 2/3 3/4 What is in a Name? Acronym What does it stand for What do they do? FBI SBI DEA EPA FDIC D of HS FEMA CDC IRS OSHA NAFTA WTO EU Let’s Party……………………..what kind of system is it? One political party controls everything Are their differences of opinion? ________ Do people get to say what they believe? _______ Are people afraid to be honest? __________ One Party System Two political parties debate issues and come to a resolution Is it often hard to decide what to do? _________ Do people get to discuss issues freely? _______ Name the two parties in the U.S.__________________________ Two Party System Many political parties exist Do many candidates exist? ________ Is there a lot of candidates to research? _________ Are too many choices overwhelming?____________ Do you get to know a candidate well?_________ Multi Party System Where Does Your Vote Go? A person casts their ballot at The votes are then sent to the their ________ ______________ Volunteers count the returns and send the results to ______________ Elections! ELECTIONS! Elections! Can vote a straight or a split ticket Primary General Narrows down candidates for members Primary General of a certain political party Must be registered with a political party Primary General Can vote for members of both parties Primary General Can be open or closed Primary General Occur on the first Tuesday after the first Primary General Monday in November People choose government officials Primary General Steps in a Criminal Trial •Bail is set •Two lawyers •Make sure become •Person enters adversaries defendant has and argue the a lawyer a plea H____ A_____ T______ case •Person is •Guilty or Not •The jury must informed guilty come to a what the unanomous charges are decision What Type of Law is It? Written by the legislative branch Statutory Administrative Common Judges make decisions Statutory Administrative Common Use precedents Statutory Administrative Common Criminal law Statutory Administrative Common Civil law Statutory Administrative Common Made by government agencies Statutory Administrative Common Passed by the Environmental Protection Agency Statutory Administrative Common Passed by Congress Statutory Administrative Common Government regulations Statutory Administrative Common Acts, statutes, and ordinances Statutory Administrative Common Passed by the General Assembly Statutory Administrative Common Bad Boys, Bad Boys, What you gonna do? What police agency does this? Investigates treason, espionage, and counterfeiting Gives speeding tickets Has the largest jurisdiction in the U.S. Has the smallest jurisdiction in the U.S. Runs county jails and serves warrants Solves conflicts outside the city limits Called in to assist investigate murders and rapes in N.C. Investigates most crimes Identify which U.S. Amendments correspond with the following court cases: Furman v. Georgia __________ Gideon v. Wainwright __________ Mapp v. Ohio __________ Miranda v. Arizona __________ Gregg v. Georgia __________ New Jersey v. TLO __________ Tinker v. Des Moines ________ Engle v. Vitale __________ Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeir _______ Brown v. BOE __________ Read the passages to decide which Supreme Court case it is referring to: 1. “Lawyers in criminal cases are necessities, not luxuries!” ______________________________________________________ 2. “I am a victim of “reverse discrimination!” ______________________________________________________ 3. “OK, so I confessed, but I didn’t know what I was doing!” ______________________________________________________ 4.”My principal searched my purse because I was caught smoking in the bathroom!” ______________________________________________________ 5. “We wear these armbands to protest the war!” ______________________________________________________ 6. “I am exercising my freedom of speech by burning this American Flag!” ______________________________________________________ 7. “There is no place for mandatory or voluntary prayer in school! ______________________________________________________ 8. “I am an American citizen! Don’t lock me up in an interment camp!” ______________________________________________________ 9. “The death penalty is now reinstated.” ______________________________________________________ 10. “I don’t want to be bussed to school!” ______________________________________________________ 11. “I, President Adams, do hereby appoint these judges . . . “ ______________________________________________________ Order in the Court!! Order in the Court!! Order in the Court!! There are ______Supreme Court Justices in the US __________ __________. They are ____________ by the President and must be approved by the ___________. They serve for ___________. The powers of the judicial branch are in the _____________ under Article__ . One of the most powerful Chief Justices was ________ ___________. He helped to establish the principle of ____________ _____________. What factor of production does it match with? 1. Machines Land labor capital entrepreneur 2. Natural resources Land labor capital entrepreneur 3. Money Land labor capital entrepreneur 4. Robots Land labor capital entrepreneur 5. dentist Land labor capital entrepreneur 6. Farmer Land labor capital entrepreneur 7. Manager Land labor capital entrepreneur 8. stockholder Land labor capital entrepreneur Law and Courts Terminology Review: 1. Term: A court ruling in an earlier case: ________________________________________ 2. Term: A formal accusation of a crime, issued by the grand jury: __________________ 3. Term: Procedures established by law and guaranteed by the US Constitution: __________________________________________________________________________ 4. Term: The criminal act of printing lies about others: ____________________________ 5. Term: $$ paid to the court by an accused person to guarantee that he/she will appear In court for trial: __________________________________________________________ 6. Term: Court order guaranteeing a person who is arrested the right to appear before a Judge: ____________________________________________________________________ 7.Term: An earlier model upon which judges may base decisions: __________________ 8. Term: The lowest levels of courts of the federal judiciary: _______________________ 9. Term: The power of the Supreme Court to say whether any federal, state, or local law is “unconstitutional:”_____________________________________________________ 10. Term: The written opinion by a justice who disagrees with the majority’s decision: ________________________________________________________________________ 11. Term: Court calendar: ____________________________________________________ 12. Term: An opinion by a justice who votes with the majority, but for different reasons: ________________________________________________________________________ 13. Term: Send a case back to a lower court: _____________________________________ 14. How many Supreme Court Justices are there? ________________________________ 15. How long do Supreme Court Justices serve? _________________________________ 16. Term: Less serious crimes: ________________________________________________ 17. Term: People who are being sued: __________________________________________ 18. Term: Serious crimes: _____________________________________________________ 19. Term: To reduce a criminal’s sentence: ______________________________________ 20. Term: people who file lawsuits: _____________________________________________ 21. Term: protects people from being tried twice for the same crime: ________________ 22. Term: Procedure in which accused is formally charged and enters plea: __________________________________________________________________________ 23. Term: Person convicted of a crime serves sentence at his/her house: _____________ 24. Art. I: Forbids punishing a person w/o a trial/hearing: __________________________ 25. Art. I: Police must explain why accused is being held: __________________________ 26. Art. I: Bans people from being punished for an action that was not illegal when the act was committed. __________________________________________________________ 27. Term: The govt. may not take our lives, liberty, and property away w/o proper legal procedures: _____________________________________________________________ 28. Term: a vote of “not guilty:” ________________________________________________ 29. Term: a court that reviews decisions made in lower district courts: _______________ 30. Term: a system of law based on precedent and customs: _______________________ 31. Term: to question a witness at a trial to check or discredit the testimony: _______________________________________________________________________ 32. Term: A jury that cannot agree on a verdict: __________________________________ 33. Term: A court’s authority to hear and decide a case: ___________________________ 34. Which Amendment guarantees the right to sue in a civil court? __________________ 35. Attorney is another name for a ____________________________________________ TYPES OF GOVERNMENTS 1. WHAT TYPE OF GOVERNMENT DOES CUBA HAVE? ___________________________ 2. THE UNITED STATES IS A _____________________________________________ 3. THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT ESTABLISHED A _______________________ IN AMERICA. 4. THE VIRGINIA HOUSE OF BURGESSES WAS THE FIRST EXAMPLE OF A ____________________________________________ IN AMERICA. 5. A CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY HAS A ________________ AND A _______________. 6. _______________________ IS THE ABSENCE OF GOVERNMENT. 7. A ______________________________ IS PRETTY MUCH THE SAME AS A REPRESENTAIVE DEMOCRACY Fill it in! 1. When two or more people are unable to settle their dispute, a ____________________ lawsuit occurs. 2. “Tort Law” is fancy talk for ____________________ lawsuits. 3. In North Carolina, Sheriffs are ____________________ in county elections. Legal or Illegal???? A. A court order requires police to bring a prisoner to court and explain why they are holding the person. A. = ___________________________________ Legal or Illegal? B. Laws that make an act a crime AFTER the act has been committed. B. = ___________________________________ Legal or Illegal? C. Laws that punish a person without a jury trial. C. = ___________________________________ Legal or Illegal? Match‐it! The right to a lawyer Texas v. Johnson Protection from illegal search Tinker v. Des Moines Organized school prayer Gideon v. Wainwright Flags can burn! Mapp v. Ohio Arm bands are a form of speech Engel v. Vitale Art. I ____________________________ Branch _____________________ laws. Art. II ____________________________ Branch ______________________ laws. Art. III ____________________________ Branch _______________________ laws. Colonies Matching: 1. Committees of Correspondence Wrote the Declaration of Independence 2. salutary neglect Tax collected on documents and newspapers 3. Boston Massacre Effective line of communication between 13 colonies 4. Proclamation of 1763 King of England 5. Stamp Act Nationalism 6. Thomas Jefferson French lose claims in North America 7. George III Group of men who protested taxation 8. Sons of Liberty Deadly confrontation between colonists/British 9. Devotion to one's country Limited westward movement 10. French/ Indian War Policy: not regulating the colonies closely T/F: If false, tell why. 1. The Proclamation of 1763 temporarily closed the door to colonial settlement west of the Appalachians. 2. Colonists opposed the Stamp Act because it was the first attempt of Parliament to tax them directly. 3. The Tea Act closed the port of Boston to all shipping. Classifying: Classify the following British laws. Mark M if it was designed to make money, P if it was meant to punish the Colonists, and A if it had another purpose. 1. Sugar Act ______________________ 2. Tea Act _________________ 3. Stamp Act ______________________ 4. Coercive Acts ____________________ 5. Quartering Act ___________________ APPLY. Which principle does each statement refer? 1. New laws to protect children from internet scams __________________________ 2. F.B.I., NC State Patrol, the Fayetteville Police Department __________________ 3. The President vetoes a bill from Congress __________________________________ 4. The President lied under oath _____________________________________________ 5. Because no branch is to be trusted, the government is divided into 3 parts ____________________________________________________ 6. Federal income tax, NC income tax, county property tax ____________________ 7. Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Branches ______________________________ 8. Citizens vote to allow a lottery in North Carolina ___________________________ 9. Congress, President, and Supreme Court __________________________________ 10. The Congress declares war, not the President! ____________________________ N.C. Either . . . Or! Select the best answer 1. Which of the following Supreme Court Cases deal with school busing and desegregation? a. Brown v. B.O.E, Topeka, Kansas b. Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg B.O.E. 2. Which term describes the N.C. Governor rejecting a bill passed by the NC Legislature? a. Veto b. Override 3. What is the N.C. legislature called? a. Assembly of North Carolina b. General Assembly 4. Which of the following is found at the local level of government? a. Representative b. Councilman 5. What are the three provisions in the 14th Amendment? a. Due process, citizenship, suffrage b. Due process, citizenship, equal protection 6. Which level of government is responsible for regular garbage collection? a. State b. Local 7. What is annexation? a. Government takes private property for public use b. Government takes over unincorporated land 8. How many counties are in N.C.? a. 100 b. 50 9. How many state senators are there in N.C. legislature? a. 100 b. 50 10. Which agency would be responsible for investigating child abuse cases? a. Department of Mental Health Services b. Department of Social Services 11. Teresa sees a pair of Sketchers priced at $55 but pays $59.18 at check out. Why? a. She has to pay an excise tax b. She has to pay a sales tax 12. Which of the following defines citizenship? a. 14th Amendment b. 15th Amendment 13. How are term-limits and judicial review connected? a. They are checks on public official power b. They tend to sustain state corruption 14. Which of the following is true about the N.C. District Courts? a. They hear cases from lower courts and review legislation passed by the General Assembly b. They hear misdemeanor criminal cases as well as minor civil suits 15. Which type of city government uses the mayor in ceremonial duties only? a. Mayor-Council Plan b. Council-Manager Plan N.C. Fill-in Fill in space with the best answer 1. The introduction to the N.C. Constitution is called the _________________________. 2. The N.C. Constitution divides N.C. government into three branches: __________________________, _______________________, _______________________ 3. The N.C. legislature consists of _________ houses: the House of Reps and the Senate. 4. Division of power between the national, state and local government is called _____________. 5. The ____________ have/has the power to approve or reject amendments to the N.C. Constitution. 6. Each branch of N.C. government can limit the power of each other by a system of __________ _____________________________. 7. The _________________________ has the power to pass statues, or laws that apply statewide. 8. Misdemeanor crimes are tried in ____________________ court. 9. The ________________is the smallest political subdivision of N.C. 10. Laws and regulations passed on the local level are known as ______________________. 11. The sheriff is a(n) ____________________ position in the _______________________. 12. The ________________is a hired position for public safety in city government. 13. A government that serves people in cities or towns are called ______________________. 14. Local governments in North Carolina spend the most money on ____________________. 15. In N.C., the _________________________ approves charters. 16. Cumberland County Schools wants to build 5 new schools, but doesn’t have the money to do it. They will get the money to build by selling _________________. 17. The Council of State is/are _________________ positions, the Cabinet is/are ________________ positions. 18. __________________ tax is a charge on a person’s income. 19. __________________ tax is a hidden charge, like on gas and alcohol. 20. The legislative body of a county consists of _______________________________________. Which government am I? 1. I am the leader of cuba. I make all of the decisions and have total control. _________________________________________________________________________________ 2. The result is chaos because there are no rules and no one is in charge. ________________________________________________________________________________ 3. I am Larry Shaw of Cumberland County. I make decisions on behalf of the citizens. _________________________________________________________________________________ 4. All citizens vote on all issues. _________________________________________________ 5. My position is inherited and I rule until I die. _____________________________________ Issues and Solutions at the Constitutional Convention: Issue: Should slaves be counted toward population? Solution: _____________________________________________________________________________________________ Issue: How should states be represented in Congress? Solution: _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________ Houses _____________________________________________ based on population _____________________________________________ equal representation Issue: How should the President be chosen? Solution: _______________________________________________________________________________________________ Can You Name that Document? Written by Thomas Paine to persuade Last attempt for a the colonists to List of grievances sent to peaceful resolution to break away from the King the Revolution Shays’ Rebellion would show the weaknesses of the Articles of Series of essays written by 1st Constitution of the Confederation and this document United States would replace the Articles the Federalists to support the ratification of the Constitution Written by the Pilgrims in 1620 and established a direct democracy in America First 10 amendments Written in 1215 and limited the of the Constitution power of the British monarch that describes the and established rule of law rights of citizens Federalist or Anti-Federalist: use a red pencil to circle what belongs to the Federalists and a green pencil to circle what belongs to Anti-Federalists Wrote the Federalist Papers to support the ratification of the Constitution Alexander Hamilton, ben Franklin, and james Madison Would not support ratification of the Constitution unless a Bill of Rights was added Wanted a strong central government The constitution was sufficient in protecting citizen’s rights Thomas Jefferson, Samuel adams, john jay The constitution took too much power from the states EITHER OR . . . Circle the Best Answer! 1. Which of the following in considered the plaintiff in a court case? A. The person being sued OR B. The person who files the lawsuit 2. Which type of jurisdiction does the US District Court have? A. Appellate OR B. Original 3. Which of the following has a jury sit in judgment? A. US District Court OR B. Appellate Court 4. What is the view of the U.S. Supreme Court justices who support a ruling on a case called? A. Majority Decision OR B. Concurring Opinion 5. What is another name for one of the regional federal courts of appeals? A. District Court OR B. Circuit Court 6. In the U.S. Supreme Court, a written opinion that supports the majority decision of the Court, but offers different reasons for reaching that decision is called? A. Dissenting Opinion OR B. Concurring Opinion 7. Which of the following describes authority of a court to hear arguments in a case and to decide that case for the very first time? A. Original Jurisdiction OR B. Exclusive Jurisdiction Criminal Cases: 1. A person ________________ of a crime may be ______________________ if the police have a ______________________ issued by a ___________________________ if the police have ___________________________________. 2. The accused must be _____________ their _____________ Rights and must have an opportunity to call a _____________________________. 3. The case goes to the initial hearing where _______________________ is reviewed and the defendant enters a _______________. 4. A ______________ is set and the _________________ takes place. 5. A _________________ verdict may be _____________________ to a ________________ court. Criminal Case Procedure: A- H- A- T- Very- Small- Supreme Court Case Description Students have the right to go to the school near them—separate, but equal is illegal! Students must be bussed to integrate the schools! Students can be searched if there is a reasonable suspicion. Not all speech is protected in school—no innuendo! Black arm bands as a means of protest is allowed in school! School administration can limit speech in school newspaper! Recitation of prayer in school is a no-no! The 14th Amendment applies to adults and young people!
"Civics and Economics Review Book _2"