Civics and Economics
Review Book #2
This Book Belongs To:
Marbury versus Madison in Action
Judicial review Case that decided it
A teacher leading a school prayer Constitutional Unconstitutional
Burning a U.S. flag Constitutional Unconstitutional
Setting aside college slots for African Constitutional Unconstitutional
The death penalty for people Constitutional Unconstitutional
convicted of murder
Using evidence in court that was Constitutional Unconstitutional
illegally obtained by the police
A principal searching a student Constitutional Unconstitutional
without a warrant
A student wearing a rainbow ribbon Constitutional Unconstitutional
to promote gay rights
Match the part of the Constitution with what it means:
Preamble Constitution is the highest law
“We The People, do ordain and establish…” legislative branch
The Supremacy Clause goals of the U.S. government
The Necessary and Proper Clause gives Congress implied powers
The Full Faith and Credit Clause judicial branch
Article I executive branch
Article II popular sovereignty
Article III all state records (marriage certificates, driver’s licenses) must be
Recognized by the other states
Philosophers that Influenced the American Political System
1688: _______________________ philosophy of government rejects the divine right of kings; rather,
every person is entitled to certain natural rights: life, liberty, and property. Locke believes it is the duty
of the government to protect these rights.
1748: _______________________ believed government should be divided into three branches and that
each branch should place limits on the other.
1762: _____________ most important work is ‘_____________’ that describes the relationship of man
1776: ____________________ said it was “Common Sense” to break away from England!
Name the fraction……….what do they pass?
1/2 plus 1
What is in a Name?
Acronym What does it stand for What do they do?
D of HS
Let’s Party……………………..what kind of system is it?
One political party controls everything
Are their differences of opinion? ________
Do people get to say what they believe? _______
Are people afraid to be honest? __________
One Party System
Two political parties debate issues and come to a resolution
Is it often hard to decide what to do? _________
Do people get to discuss issues freely? _______
Name the two parties in the U.S.__________________________
Two Party System
Many political parties exist
Do many candidates exist? ________
Is there a lot of candidates to research? _________
Are too many choices overwhelming?____________
Do you get to know a candidate well?_________
Multi Party System
Where Does Your Vote Go?
A person casts their ballot at The votes are then sent to the
their ________ ______________
Volunteers count the returns
and send the results to
Elections! ELECTIONS! Elections!
Can vote a straight or a split ticket Primary General
Narrows down candidates for members Primary General
of a certain political party
Must be registered with a political party Primary General
Can vote for members of both parties Primary General
Can be open or closed Primary General
Occur on the first Tuesday after the first Primary General
Monday in November
People choose government officials Primary General
Steps in a Criminal Trial
•Bail is set •Two lawyers
•Make sure become
•Person enters adversaries
and argue the
a lawyer a plea
H____ A_____ T______ case
•Person is •Guilty or Not •The jury must
informed guilty come to a
what the unanomous
charges are decision
What Type of Law is It?
Written by the legislative branch Statutory Administrative Common
Judges make decisions Statutory Administrative Common
Use precedents Statutory Administrative Common
Criminal law Statutory Administrative Common
Civil law Statutory Administrative Common
Made by government agencies Statutory Administrative Common
Passed by the Environmental Protection Agency Statutory Administrative Common
Passed by Congress Statutory Administrative Common
Government regulations Statutory Administrative Common
Acts, statutes, and ordinances Statutory Administrative Common
Passed by the General Assembly Statutory Administrative Common
Bad Boys, Bad Boys, What you gonna do? What police agency does this?
Investigates treason, espionage, and counterfeiting
Gives speeding tickets
Has the largest jurisdiction in the U.S.
Has the smallest jurisdiction in the U.S.
Runs county jails and serves warrants
Solves conflicts outside the city limits
Called in to assist investigate murders and rapes in N.C.
Investigates most crimes
Identify which U.S. Amendments correspond with the following court cases:
Furman v. Georgia __________ Gideon v. Wainwright __________
Mapp v. Ohio __________ Miranda v. Arizona __________
Gregg v. Georgia __________ New Jersey v. TLO __________
Tinker v. Des Moines ________ Engle v. Vitale __________
Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeir _______ Brown v. BOE __________
Read the passages to decide which Supreme Court case it is referring to:
1. “Lawyers in criminal cases are necessities, not luxuries!”
2. “I am a victim of “reverse discrimination!”
3. “OK, so I confessed, but I didn’t know what I was doing!”
4.”My principal searched my purse because I was caught smoking in the bathroom!”
5. “We wear these armbands to protest the war!”
6. “I am exercising my freedom of speech by burning this American Flag!”
7. “There is no place for mandatory or voluntary prayer in school!
8. “I am an American citizen! Don’t lock me up in an interment camp!”
9. “The death penalty is now reinstated.”
10. “I don’t want to be bussed to school!”
11. “I, President Adams, do hereby appoint these judges . . . “
Order in the Court!! Order in the Court!! Order in the Court!!
There are ______Supreme Court Justices in the US __________
__________. They are ____________ by the President and must be approved
by the ___________. They serve for ___________. The powers of the
judicial branch are in the _____________ under Article__ . One of the most
powerful Chief Justices was ________ ___________. He helped to
establish the principle of ____________ _____________.
What factor of production does it match with?
1. Machines Land labor capital entrepreneur
2. Natural resources Land labor capital entrepreneur
3. Money Land labor capital entrepreneur
4. Robots Land labor capital entrepreneur
5. dentist Land labor capital entrepreneur
6. Farmer Land labor capital entrepreneur
7. Manager Land labor capital entrepreneur
8. stockholder Land labor capital entrepreneur
Law and Courts Terminology Review:
1. Term: A court ruling in an earlier case: ________________________________________
2. Term: A formal accusation of a crime, issued by the grand jury: __________________
3. Term: Procedures established by law and guaranteed by the US Constitution:
4. Term: The criminal act of printing lies about others: ____________________________
5. Term: $$ paid to the court by an accused person to guarantee that he/she will appear
In court for trial: __________________________________________________________
6. Term: Court order guaranteeing a person who is arrested the right to appear before a
7.Term: An earlier model upon which judges may base decisions: __________________
8. Term: The lowest levels of courts of the federal judiciary: _______________________
9. Term: The power of the Supreme Court to say whether any federal, state, or local law
10. Term: The written opinion by a justice who disagrees with the majority’s decision:
11. Term: Court calendar: ____________________________________________________
12. Term: An opinion by a justice who votes with the majority, but for different reasons:
13. Term: Send a case back to a lower court: _____________________________________
14. How many Supreme Court Justices are there? ________________________________
15. How long do Supreme Court Justices serve? _________________________________
16. Term: Less serious crimes: ________________________________________________
17. Term: People who are being sued: __________________________________________
18. Term: Serious crimes: _____________________________________________________
19. Term: To reduce a criminal’s sentence: ______________________________________
20. Term: people who file lawsuits: _____________________________________________
21. Term: protects people from being tried twice for the same crime: ________________
22. Term: Procedure in which accused is formally charged and enters plea:
23. Term: Person convicted of a crime serves sentence at his/her house: _____________
24. Art. I: Forbids punishing a person w/o a trial/hearing: __________________________
25. Art. I: Police must explain why accused is being held: __________________________
26. Art. I: Bans people from being punished for an action that was not illegal when the act was
27. Term: The govt. may not take our lives, liberty, and property away w/o proper legal
28. Term: a vote of “not guilty:” ________________________________________________
29. Term: a court that reviews decisions made in lower district courts: _______________
30. Term: a system of law based on precedent and customs: _______________________
31. Term: to question a witness at a trial to check or discredit the testimony:
32. Term: A jury that cannot agree on a verdict: __________________________________
33. Term: A court’s authority to hear and decide a case: ___________________________
34. Which Amendment guarantees the right to sue in a civil court? __________________
35. Attorney is another name for a ____________________________________________
TYPES OF GOVERNMENTS
1. WHAT TYPE OF GOVERNMENT DOES CUBA HAVE? ___________________________
2. THE UNITED STATES IS A _____________________________________________
3. THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT ESTABLISHED A _______________________ IN AMERICA.
4. THE VIRGINIA HOUSE OF BURGESSES WAS THE FIRST EXAMPLE OF A ____________________________________________
5. A CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY HAS A ________________ AND A _______________.
6. _______________________ IS THE ABSENCE OF GOVERNMENT.
7. A ______________________________ IS PRETTY MUCH THE SAME AS A REPRESENTAIVE DEMOCRACY
Fill it in!
1. When two or more people are unable to settle their dispute, a ____________________
2. “Tort Law” is fancy talk for ____________________ lawsuits.
3. In North Carolina, Sheriffs are ____________________ in county elections.
Legal or Illegal????
A. A court order requires police to bring a prisoner to court and explain why they are holding
A. = ___________________________________ Legal or Illegal?
B. Laws that make an act a crime AFTER the act has been committed.
B. = ___________________________________ Legal or Illegal?
C. Laws that punish a person without a jury trial.
C. = ___________________________________ Legal or Illegal?
The right to a lawyer Texas v. Johnson
Protection from illegal search Tinker v. Des Moines
Organized school prayer Gideon v. Wainwright
Flags can burn! Mapp v. Ohio
Arm bands are a form of speech Engel v. Vitale
Art. I ____________________________ Branch _____________________ laws.
Art. II ____________________________ Branch ______________________ laws.
Art. III ____________________________ Branch _______________________ laws.
1. Committees of Correspondence Wrote the Declaration of
2. salutary neglect Tax collected on documents and
3. Boston Massacre Effective line of communication
between 13 colonies
4. Proclamation of 1763 King of England
5. Stamp Act Nationalism
6. Thomas Jefferson French lose claims in North
7. George III Group of men who protested
8. Sons of Liberty Deadly confrontation between
9. Devotion to one's country Limited westward movement
10. French/ Indian War Policy: not regulating the colonies
T/F: If false, tell why.
1. The Proclamation of 1763 temporarily closed the door to colonial settlement west of the Appalachians.
2. Colonists opposed the Stamp Act because it was the first attempt of Parliament to tax them directly.
3. The Tea Act closed the port of Boston to all shipping.
Classify the following British laws. Mark M if it was designed to make money, P if it was meant to punish
the Colonists, and A if it had another purpose.
1. Sugar Act ______________________
2. Tea Act _________________
3. Stamp Act ______________________
4. Coercive Acts ____________________
5. Quartering Act ___________________
APPLY. Which principle does each statement refer?
1. New laws to protect children from internet scams __________________________
2. F.B.I., NC State Patrol, the Fayetteville Police Department __________________
3. The President vetoes a bill from Congress __________________________________
4. The President lied under oath _____________________________________________
5. Because no branch is to be trusted, the government is divided into 3 parts
6. Federal income tax, NC income tax, county property tax ____________________
7. Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Branches ______________________________
8. Citizens vote to allow a lottery in North Carolina ___________________________
9. Congress, President, and Supreme Court __________________________________
10. The Congress declares war, not the President! ____________________________
N.C. Either . . . Or!
Select the best answer
1. Which of the following Supreme Court Cases deal with school busing and desegregation?
a. Brown v. B.O.E, Topeka, Kansas b. Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg B.O.E.
2. Which term describes the N.C. Governor rejecting a bill passed by the NC Legislature?
a. Veto b. Override
3. What is the N.C. legislature called?
a. Assembly of North Carolina b. General Assembly
4. Which of the following is found at the local level of government?
a. Representative b. Councilman
5. What are the three provisions in the 14th Amendment?
a. Due process, citizenship, suffrage b. Due process, citizenship, equal protection
6. Which level of government is responsible for regular garbage collection?
a. State b. Local
7. What is annexation?
a. Government takes private property for public use
b. Government takes over unincorporated land
8. How many counties are in N.C.?
a. 100 b. 50
9. How many state senators are there in N.C. legislature?
a. 100 b. 50
10. Which agency would be responsible for investigating child abuse cases?
a. Department of Mental Health Services b. Department of Social Services
11. Teresa sees a pair of Sketchers priced at $55 but pays $59.18 at check out. Why?
a. She has to pay an excise tax b. She has to pay a sales tax
12. Which of the following defines citizenship?
a. 14th Amendment b. 15th Amendment
13. How are term-limits and judicial review connected?
a. They are checks on public official power b. They tend to sustain state corruption
14. Which of the following is true about the N.C. District Courts?
a. They hear cases from lower courts and review legislation passed by the General Assembly
b. They hear misdemeanor criminal cases as well as minor civil suits
15. Which type of city government uses the mayor in ceremonial duties only?
a. Mayor-Council Plan b. Council-Manager Plan
Fill in space with the best answer
1. The introduction to the N.C. Constitution is called the _________________________.
2. The N.C. Constitution divides N.C. government into three branches:
__________________________, _______________________, _______________________
3. The N.C. legislature consists of _________ houses: the House of Reps and the Senate.
4. Division of power between the national, state and local government is called _____________.
5. The ____________ have/has the power to approve or reject amendments to the N.C.
6. Each branch of N.C. government can limit the power of each other by a system of __________
7. The _________________________ has the power to pass statues, or laws that apply statewide.
8. Misdemeanor crimes are tried in ____________________ court.
9. The ________________is the smallest political subdivision of N.C.
10. Laws and regulations passed on the local level are known as ______________________.
11. The sheriff is a(n) ____________________ position in the _______________________.
12. The ________________is a hired position for public safety in city government.
13. A government that serves people in cities or towns are called ______________________.
14. Local governments in North Carolina spend the most money on ____________________.
15. In N.C., the _________________________ approves charters.
16. Cumberland County Schools wants to build 5 new schools, but doesn’t have the money to do
it. They will get the money to build by selling _________________.
17. The Council of State is/are _________________ positions, the Cabinet is/are
18. __________________ tax is a charge on a person’s income.
19. __________________ tax is a hidden charge, like on gas and alcohol.
20. The legislative body of a county consists of _______________________________________.
Which government am I?
1. I am the leader of cuba. I make all of the decisions and have total control.
2. The result is chaos because there are no rules and no one is in charge.
3. I am Larry Shaw of Cumberland County. I make decisions on behalf of the citizens.
4. All citizens vote on all issues. _________________________________________________
5. My position is inherited and I rule until I die. _____________________________________
Issues and Solutions at the Constitutional Convention:
Issue: Should slaves be counted toward population?
Issue: How should states be represented in Congress?
_____________________________________________ based on population
_____________________________________________ equal representation
Issue: How should the President be chosen?
Can You Name that Document? Written by Thomas
Paine to persuade
Last attempt for a
the colonists to
List of grievances sent to peaceful resolution to
break away from
the King the Revolution
Shays’ Rebellion would show the
weaknesses of the Articles of
Series of essays written by 1st Constitution of the Confederation and this document
United States would replace the Articles
the Federalists to support
the ratification of the
Written by the Pilgrims in 1620
and established a direct
democracy in America
First 10 amendments Written in 1215 and limited the
of the Constitution power of the British monarch
that describes the and established rule of law
rights of citizens
Federalist or Anti-Federalist: use a red pencil to circle what belongs to the Federalists and
a green pencil to circle what belongs to Anti-Federalists
Wrote the Federalist Papers to support the
ratification of the Constitution
Alexander Hamilton, ben Franklin, and
Would not support ratification of the
Constitution unless a Bill of Rights was
Wanted a strong central government
The constitution was sufficient in
protecting citizen’s rights
Thomas Jefferson, Samuel adams, john jay
The constitution took too much power from
EITHER OR . . . Circle the Best Answer!
1. Which of the following in considered the plaintiff in a court case?
A. The person being sued OR B. The person who files the lawsuit
2. Which type of jurisdiction does the US District Court have?
A. Appellate OR B. Original
3. Which of the following has a jury sit in judgment?
A. US District Court OR B. Appellate Court
4. What is the view of the U.S. Supreme Court justices who support a ruling on
a case called?
A. Majority Decision OR B. Concurring Opinion
5. What is another name for one of the regional federal courts of appeals?
A. District Court OR B. Circuit Court
6. In the U.S. Supreme Court, a written opinion that supports the majority
decision of the Court, but offers different reasons for reaching that decision
A. Dissenting Opinion OR B. Concurring Opinion
7. Which of the following describes authority of a court to hear arguments in a
case and to decide that case for the very first time?
A. Original Jurisdiction OR B. Exclusive Jurisdiction
1. A person ________________ of a crime may be ______________________ if the police have a
______________________ issued by a ___________________________ if the police have
2. The accused must be _____________ their _____________ Rights and must have an opportunity to
call a _____________________________.
3. The case goes to the initial hearing where _______________________ is reviewed and the defendant
enters a _______________.
4. A ______________ is set and the _________________ takes place.
5. A _________________ verdict may be _____________________ to a ________________ court.
Criminal Case Procedure:
Supreme Court Case Description
Students have the right to go to the
school near them—separate, but equal is
Students must be bussed to integrate the
Students can be searched if there is a
Not all speech is protected in school—no
Black arm bands as a means of protest is
allowed in school!
School administration can limit speech in
Recitation of prayer in school is a no-no!
The 14th Amendment applies to adults
and young people!