MU 24A – Test 1 Study Guide 1. Review all vocabulary given to date. 2. What is the significance of the following: Storyville, the Battlefield, Congo Square? 3. What pianist bridged the gap between ragtime and true jazz piano playing? 4. Describe the front line and the function of each instrument. 5. Louis Armstrong had many nick names. What were they? 6. Who was the Empress of the Blues? The Mother of the Blues? 7. Who were the following and what was their significance: Freddie Keppard, Jelly Roll Morton, James Reese Europe, Ma Rainy, Bessie Smith, Willie “the Lion: Smith, Buddy Bolden, Sidney Bechet, Bix Beiderbecke, Frankie Trumbauer, Nick Larocca, King Oliver, Lil Hardin, Fats Waller, Scott Joplin, Paul Whiteman, George Gershwin? 8. Describe Jim Crow law and from where did the name come? 9. What was the Great Migration? 10. What instrument was the forerunner of the guitar? 11. What is the difference between the front line and the rhythm section? 12. What is: Trading fours, scat, improvisation, comping, syncopation, call and response, ragtime, stride? 13. What was prohibition and how did it influence the development of jazz music? 14. Who were the Creoles? What part did they play in the development of jazz? You are responsible for the following listening examples from your text CD: 1. Dixie Jazz Band One Step (Original Dixieland Jazz Band) 2. Alligator Hop (King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band) 3. West End Blues (Louis Armstrong and Earl Hines) 4. Riverboat Shuffle (Frankie Trumbauer & Bix Biederbecke) 5. Reckless Blues (Bessie Smith & Louis Armstrong) Additional listening may be added during class.
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