WP Materials for Clean Energy Production Mission by benbenzhou

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 13

									                                                                                          M I S S I O N
                                                              Sixth Framework Programme
                                                              Specific Support Action
                                                              EC-INCO-CT-2005-016414




                                              Work Package 02:
Centre of Multifunctional Materials and New Processes with
                   Environmental Impact




                                                             Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
                                  M I S S I O N
      Sixth Framework Programme
      Specific Support Action
      EC-INCO-CT-2005-016414

WP02: Materials for Clean Energy Production


             Modern lifestyles demand a steady, reliable
                          supply of energy


Three categories of energy sources:                                     Energy involved:

      from chemical or photophysical energy
      (oxidizing hydrocarbons, absorbing sunlight)                            eV

      nuclear reactions                                                     106 eV
      (splitting heavy nuclei or fusing light nuclei)
      thermomechanical energy
      (wind, water, geological sources of steam and hot                    10-3 eV
      water)


     Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
                                  M I S S I O N
      Sixth Framework Programme
      Specific Support Action
      EC-INCO-CT-2005-016414

WP02: Materials for Clean Energy Production

            Current usage of the various energy sources
                                      Solar Wind
                                  6    1 0,5
                       4
             7
                                                          36
                                                    Oil

             Coal

                                         Gas
       24



                                               21
                                  M I S S I O N
      Sixth Framework Programme
      Specific Support Action
      EC-INCO-CT-2005-016414

WP02: Materials for Clean Energy Production


                    Today: Most of the world’s energy supply
                    comes from fossil and nuclear sources -
                              cheap but polluting


                   In the coming years: To meet increasing
                 global demands for energy and to allow for
                     the depletion of fossil fuel supplies,
                     alternative “clean” energy sources,
                    which do not depend on fossil fuels and
                     which have a tolerable environmental
                         impact, must be developed

     Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
                                  M I S S I O N
      Sixth Framework Programme
      Specific Support Action
      EC-INCO-CT-2005-016414

WP02: Materials for Clean Energy Production

                    Alternative energy sources:

             solar - thermal                  hydro power
             solar - photovoltaic             wind power
             biomass                          tidal power
             geothermal power                 wave power

          Clean energy production imposes R&D of:
                                                                                          M I S S I O N
                                                             Sixth Framework Programme
                                                             Specific Support Action
                                                             EC-INCO-CT-2005-016414
        WP02: Materials for Clean Energy Production
Centre of Multifunctional Materials and New Processes with




                                                                    Accumulation, critical analysis and
                                                                     dissemination of expertise and
                   Environmental Impact




                                                                     knowledge in specific topics of
                                                                    materials for clean energy storage




                                                             Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
                                          M I S S I O N
          Sixth Framework Programme
          Specific Support Action
          EC-INCO-CT-2005-016414




materials for lithium ion batteries                                      materials for fuel cells
                                                                                 Anode                         Cathode
                                                                                         Electrolyte
                                                                                         SOFC (500-
     +                                               -            Internal               1000 oC )       O2-                  O2 (air)
  Positive             Non-aqueous             Negative          reforming
 (LixHost 1)         liquid electrolyte                           H2 CO                  MCFC (650 oC )                       O2 (air)
                                              (LixHost 2)
                                                                  External                         CO32-                       CO2
                                                                 reforming
                                                                  H2 CO2                   PAFC (200 oC )                     O2 (air)
                                                                                            H+
                                                                 External
                                                                reforming                PEMFC (80 oC )
                                                                                                                              O2 (air)
                                                                 H2 CO2                     H+
                                                               (CO removal)
                                                                                         AFC (70 oC )                         O2 (air)
                                                                    H2                                  OH-                    (CO2
                                                                                                                              removal)


hydrogen storage materials                                  crystal hydrates for heat accumulation

                                                                                    TPCM                         consumers
                                                                                                                    Phase
                                                                                                                   Change
                                                                           Tec                                     Materials
                                                                                                                    (PCM)


                                                                                                        T1
                                                                           T1e

                                                                                                               water supply
 Mg2NiH4 LaNi5H6 H2 (liquid)          H2 (200 bar)
                                  M I S S I O N
      Sixth Framework Programme
      Specific Support Action
      EC-INCO-CT-2005-016414

WP02: Materials for Clean Energy Production




                                  Bulgarian Needs



        IGIC                         Importance         EU
      competence                    of Topics to:     demands


                           Implementation of EU
                          environmental legislation
                                   M I S S I O N
       Sixth Framework Programme
       Specific Support Action
       EC-INCO-CT-2005-016414

WP02: Materials for Clean Energy Production



                                                                        Duration
                                                                        project months

    Mapping the existing research and identifying the strategic
materials for lithium-ion batteries, fuel cells, hydrogen storage and     1 - 36
crystal hydrates for heat accumulation;


     Supervising PhD students and young specialists and training
all PhD students and young specialists in the field of materials for
clean energy sources:                                                     1 - 36
           2 PhD students from BG (72 months)
           young specialists from BG (70 months)


    Establishing networks with research institutions in the
country, in EU and ACCs
                                                                        5 - 12, 16 -
    e.g., JRC (IES, Ispra)
            ALISTORE, REAL-SOFC, HYTRAIN
                                                     ?                  22, 27 - 36
                                      M I S S I O N
          Sixth Framework Programme
          Specific Support Action
          EC-INCO-CT-2005-016414

WP02: Materials for Clean Energy Production


                                                                          Duration
                                                                          project months

       Invitation of internationally recognized scientists for teaching    4 - 6, 12 -
   and training:                                                          13, 24 - 26,
                 short-stay visitors (7 person-weeks);                      33 - 34
       Providing international exchange of young and senior
   scientists;
               1 long-stay visitor from EU (1-2 months);                     4 - 35
               1 PhD student from EU (3 months);
               long-term visits from MISSION participants (6 months);
               short-term visits from MISSION participants (7 weeks);
     Preparation of communications and reports at scientific
   meetings for project knowledge dissemination                            10 - 36
              5 conference participations;
      Participation in the workshops and in the closing conference;       11, 23, 36
     Preparation of a new FP6 or FP7 project in collaboration with
   EU scientists.                                                          24 - 35
                                      M I S S I O N
         Sixth Framework Programme
         Specific Support Action
         EC-INCO-CT-2005-016414
WP02: Materials for Clean Energy Production




                                       Critical analysis of existing
                                              knowledge;


                                     Establishment of contacts with
                                        leading EU institutions;


                                          Suggesting the future
                                           research needs.
                                      M I S S I O N
         Sixth Framework Programme
         Specific Support Action
         EC-INCO-CT-2005-016414
WP02: Materials for Clean Energy Production




                                               Scientific
                                            communications
                        Final report       and review papers
                               1%
     Progress reports                                            Database on
                                          3%                   materials for clean
                                                               energy production
                                     5%           20%
                                                                      Report on
                                                               3%     networks
                                      Efforts


                                  68%                               PhD theses
                               M I S S I O N
  Sixth Framework Programme
  Specific Support Action
  EC-INCO-CT-2005-016414

                   WP02: Materials for Clean Energy Production




    contribution to the RTD capacity building of the
country;
    intensifying the exchange of knowledge within
Europe and improvement of mutual understanding of
local social and economic problems;
    increasing job opportunities for young scientists;
    acquisition of new databases;
    collection and delivery of information of
importance to science policy makers.

								
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