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ACTIVE AND PASSIVE STRETCHES FOR THE LIMBS.doc

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					             ACTIVE AND PASSIVE STRETCHES FOR THE LIMBS

Before any stretching to the body takes place it is essential that the tissues are
warm and that the client’s comfortable range of movement and muscle tightness
is respected.

ARMS
Limb Pull-prone
With the same grip as for Shaking, you can perform a Limb Pull from the same
starting positions as described. Bend your knees and lean slightly backwards
while gently shaking or bouncing the limb. Adjust your position slightly to ensure
that you mobilize the hip and shoulder joints and remember that the movement
should come from these joints along the whole of the limb
Pincer Grip-prone
Raise the arm to the side at a 45 degree angle. Gently grasp the lateral border of
the pectoralis major. Place your thumb beneath and your fingers on top of the
muscle. Slowly apply pressure while stretching the arm away from the body.
Cross Body Stretch-supine
Slowly pull your client’s arm across the chest to the side you are standing on.This
stretches the outer region of the deltoid and triceps muscles
Supinator Stretch-seated
With client seated on the table, take the straight arms back and grasping the
fingers with your fingers stretch the outstretched arms for 6-10 seconds.
Passive Triceps Stretch-seated
With client seated on table, position the elbow of your top arm onto the back of
your client’s shoulder. Using your elbow as a lever, pull your client’s raised elbow
back, down and slightly inwards. Use your other hand to pull your client’s lower
elbow back, in and upwards. You are, in effect, drawing your client’s elbows
together through a diagonal line across their back. Repeat on the other side.

LEGS
Hamstring Stretch-supine
Stand at your client’s side nearer to the feet and lift the leg nearest to you,
bending it at the hip and resting the ankle on your shoulder. Place your hand on
top of the shin and the other just above the knee. Lean forward, keeping the
client’s knee slightly bent and stretch the leg towards the head. Move slowly and
respectfully and hold for up to 20 seconds.
Quadriceps Stretch-prone
Standing at your client’s side, stabilize your client’s lower back with your palm.
Flex the knee nearest to you and lift the leg upwards by grasping the knee firmly
with your hand. Perform 5 repetitions by gently increasing the stretch each time,
if comfortable.
Opposite Leg Lift – prone
Standing to your client’s side, stabilize the lower back with palmar compression.
Simultaneously lift the farthest leg off the table by grasping above the knee and
asking your client to keep their leg straight throughout the stretch.
Limb Pull-prone or supine
Stabilize the ankle with a firm grasp above and below and exert a steady pull as
you lean backwards.
Hip and Quad Stretch – side lying-client facing away from you
Stabilize the lower back and holding your client underneath the bent knee,slowly
draw the leg back. Repeat on both sides.
Quad Release-side lying on near side of table-client facing away from you
Using your body to rest against your client’s back and hips; compress the
extended leg off the table to the resistance point. Stabilize the hip with you other
hand to enhance the stretch.

				
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posted:12/9/2012
language:English
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