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cept_civil_military

VIEWS: 0 PAGES: 23

									                             European Community
                            Radio Spectrum Policy:
             Relationship between Civil and Military Uses


                                                   Frank Greco*
              European Commission, DG Information Society
                   Mobile and Satellite Communications


  *Opinions expressed are the author’s only and do not imply any official position by the European Commission.



CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,                                                                               Slide 1
Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
                                   Presentation overview

•   Rationale for the Community radio policy framework

•   EU policy objectives for civil and military uses of the radio spectrum

•   The Radio Spectrum Decision

•   The EU Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)

•   EU Spectrum Policy and military needs

•   Conclusions


                                              Frank Greco
    CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,        European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 2
    Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
        Radio Spectrum Policy for the EU

 • Central objective:

      To ensure that radio spectrum planning and practice
              support relevant EU policy objectives



 • “horizontal” policies
 • “sector” policies


                                     Frank Greco
CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,   European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 3
Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
                      European Union:
                 Relevant Horizontal Policies
      •   Internal market:
             free movement of services and equipment
             standardisation / technology competition
      •   Regulation
             access to market: spectrum allocation / licensing
      •   Competition rules:
             blurring boundaries between commercial and public services
      •   Trade:
             market access requires access to spectrum
             WTO
      •   Consumer policy:
             choice and diversity
      •   Public interest:
             security (including defence needs for spectrum)
             health protection / electromagnetic radiation

                                                Frank Greco
CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,              European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 4
Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
                     Selected EU Sector Policies for
                           Civil Spectrum use
Objective: to contribute to Community sector policies

•    Wideband PMR/PAMR; Information Society, Multiple Platforms; Civil Protection

•    Aeronautical radionavigation: Single European Sky

•    Powerline Technologies: Information Society, Multiple Platforms


•    UMTS/IMT2000: Information Society, Multiple Platforms

•    PPDR: Cooperation in Civil Protection

•    FSS: Information Society, Multiple Platforms

•    SRR: EC Transport White Paper: active safety systems (eSafety)
                                                    Frank Greco
    CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,              European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 5
    Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
                 EU Policy Objectives for Military
                     Use of Radio Spectrum
Objectives:


•    To contribute to the improvement of European Capabilities within the
     European Security and Defence Policy

•    To ensure Community policies are not adversely affected




                                          Frank Greco
    CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,    European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 6
    Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
                  EU policy objectives for civil and
                      military spectrum use
Overall objectives:


•    To ensure that both CIVIL and MILITARY long-term radio spectrum needs
     are supported


•    To achieve a better balance between civil and military uses of spectrum



                                         HOW and WHY?




                                                Frank Greco
    CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,          European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 7
    Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
                       The Radio Spectrum Policy
                               Decision
• 1998: Radio Spectrum Green Paper
• 1999: Communication on “Next Steps”
• 2000: proposal for RSD
• 2001: co-decision procedure Council / EP
• 2002: Adoption (14 February 2002)
                Entry into force: 24 April 2002 (676/2002/EC)

                                        Frank Greco
CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,      European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 8
Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
                   Spectrum Decision Objectives
        •    provide platform for deciding on availability of radio
             spectrum for relevant EU policies

        •    ensure legal certainty by appropriate EU measures

        •    facilitate process of radio spectrum policy-making in the
             Community context

        •    improve transparency on radio spectrum usage (availability
             of information, associating interested parties to decision
             process)

        •    anchor relationship with CEPT within EU legislation

        •    consolidate European position in international radio
             spectrum coordination process
                                              Frank Greco
CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,            European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 9
Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
                         Four Layers of the RSD
      •   “Policy platform”: Radio Spectrum Policy Group (RSPG) to
          discuss and advise Commission on all spectrum-related policy
          issues (including assignment and defence). Development of best
          practices for generic approaches to the radio spectrum (trading,
          pricing, relocation, regulatory flexibility, information provision ...).


      •   “Operational” : use of comitology (Radio Spectrum Committee,
          RSC) for deciding on “technical implementing measures”


      •   “Transparency and information” : legal requirement on MS to
          provide detailed information on spectrum usage; provision of
          information aggregated at Community level.


      •   “International dimension” : ensuring full involvement of EU
          institutions in international negotiations
                                                   Frank Greco
CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,                 European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 10
Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
                                     The EU in the WRC
        • Prior to WRC, Commission reports on the
             European positions for WRC:
               European proposals drafted by CEPT (ECPs)
               summarising related Community policy objectives
               mobilise interested parties
               invite Council to endorse the European policy objectives
                and positions

        • During WRC:
               participation as observer; political support
               Ad hoc co-ordination where needed

        • After WRC, Commission Communication on WRC:
               report on results of last WRC
               explain the EU issues at stake at next WRC
                                              Frank Greco
CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,            European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 11
Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
            The next steps: Implementation of
                 the Spectrum Decision
•    Continuation of participation in CEPT/ITU activities

•    Set up “network” within the Commission
       Spectrum Interservice Group (SIG)
       Monthly meetings to coordinate pending spectrum issues


•    Set up Radio Spectrum Committee (RSC)
       First meeting held on October 25th 2002
       Next meeting due December 18th 2002
       Four planned meetings each year

•    Set up Radio Spectrum Policy Group (RSPG)
       First meeting to be held on January 17th 2003
       Two planned meetings each year


                                                  Frank Greco
CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,                European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 12
Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
                      The Spectrum Decision and
                            Military Uses

       Art. 1.4:

       •   “This Decision is without prejudice… to the right of Member States
           to organise and use their radio spectrum for public order and public
           security purposes and defence”

       Whereas 9:

       •   “This Decision should not affect the right of Member States to
           impose restrictions necessary for public order and public security
           purposes and defence. Where a technical implementing measure
           would affect inter alia radio frequency bands used by an MS
           exclusively and directly for its public security and defence purposes,
           the Commission may, if the MS requests it on the basis of justified
           reasons, agree to transitional periods and/or sharing mechanisms…”



                                                Frank Greco
CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,              European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 13
Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
                          The new European Security
                                  Structure

•    CFSP: Common Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union


•    Begun via the Maastricht Treaty (1992) as a “second pillar” activity (NOT European
     Community) (art. 11 and 17 of TEU)



•    Reinforced in the Amsterdam (1996) and Nice (2000) Treaties



•    Transfer of WEU competencies to EU



•    New European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP)


                                               Frank Greco
    CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,         European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 14
    Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
                          The European Security and
                          Defence Policy (ESDP) (i)

Defines a set of activities (“Petersberg Tasks”) for joint action outside EU:

•    Humanitarian and rescue tasks

•    Peacekeeping tasks

•    Crisis management, including peacemaking

Sets up new organizational structures:

        PPEWV (Policy Planning and Early Warning Unit)
        PSC (Political and Security Committee )
        EUMC (EU Military Committee)
        EUMS (EU Military Staff) including CIS, Comms and Info Systems Division
        SITCEN (Situation Centre)…
                                                 Frank Greco
    CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,           European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 15
    Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
                          The European Security and
                          Defence Policy (ESDP) (ii)

Establishes a Rapid Reaction Force (RRF):

•    “Helsinki Headline Goal”: 60000 troops in the field within 60 days for at least a year



Promotes relationship with NATO (on-going “Berlin plus” discussions):

•    avoid mission duplication (NATO: collective defence; EU: crisis management)

•    improve coordination and synergy: discuss how to share tasks and resources




                                                 Frank Greco
    CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,           European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 16
    Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
                          The European Security and
                          Defence Policy (ESDP) (iii)

Establishes a Capability Development Mechanism (CDM):

•    CIC: Capability Improvement Conference (November 2001)

•    ECAP: European Capability Action Plan



To analyse operational shortcomings, 16 “working groups” set up:

•    Working Group on “Deployable Communication Modules”

•    Unclear whether spectrum issues will be addressed, or whether it is assumed this
     will be continue to be done in a NATO context



                                               Frank Greco
    CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,         European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 17
    Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
                          The European Security and
                          Defence Policy (ESDP) (iv)
“In the long term, the development by European countries of autonomous military
   crisis-management capabilities implies the establishment of an efficient industrial
   and technological base”                           ESDA report, 2002



Development of a new European Armaments Policy (EAP):

•    restructuring of European defence industries
•    better coordination of EU efforts in common procurement (WEAG, OCCAR, CNAD)
•    improve cooperation in defence R&D
•    common approaches towards “off-the-shelf” solutions
•    consider setting up of a European Armaments Agency (EAA)

 Move towards interoperable communications equipment and joint procurement,
     and therefore towards harmonisation of radio spectrum use.



                                              Frank Greco
    CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,        European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 18
    Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
     Spectrum Use for Defence Purposes:
              some thoughts
•    Similarly to other (civilian) “safety-of-life” sectors, exclusivity of use
     and high levels of protection needed when properly justified;

•    Sharing or relocation when not;

•    High “priority” status does not exclude military from striving for
     spectrum efficiency and “good neighbourliness” with other spectrum
     users;

•    Further harmonisation of defence spectrum bands beneficial for
     efficient spectrum use both for military and civilian spectrum use;

•    Spectrum harmonisation will also assist in the increase in common
     European defence capabilities by instigating common procurement
     policies and equipment interoperability


                                              Frank Greco
    CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,        European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 19
    Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
      The RSD and Military Spectrum
                Needs (1)

• Community Spectrum Policy will be of advantage to
  military spectrum users while inevitably introducing
  constraints:

advantages to the military sector:

    long term strategic planning
    policy rather than technology based decisions on spectrum access
    legal certainty of spectrum access conditions
    transparency of information, of spectrum access conditions
    platform to address generic issues such as relocation, valuation of
     spectrum etc.


                                        Frank Greco
 CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,     European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 20
 Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
      The RSD and Military Spectrum
                Needs (2)
• constraints: military radio spectrum use subject to same
  general principles applicable to civil use:

    efficient use of spectrum is a priority
     (incentives to efficient use; justification of spectrum needs;
     spectrum sharing and usage of “civil” technologies where feasible)
    transparency of spectrum usage: information on usage, access
     conditions, plans for future usage etc.
    valuation of spectrum: military radio spectrum users not excluded a
     priori


• constraints bear also advantages:
    use of efficient technology; interoperability with civil systems
    transparency and availability of information eases strategic planning
    valuation of spectrum facilitates fair refarming / relocations
     conditions
                                        Frank Greco
 CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,     European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 21
 Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
                                     Conclusions
•   Spectrum needs of military sector are recognised

•   Given extent of overlap with EC policies, cannot avoid
    addressing military issues in Community Spectrum Policy


•   Military needs for radio spectrum will be taken into account
    in the new RSD framework

•   Priority actions involving defence sector not identified yet,
    nor optimal mechanisms to deal with it in the EU;

•   Commission will endeavour to enhance contacts on
    spectrum with relevant organisations (NATO and ESDP).

                                           Frank Greco
CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,         European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 22
Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002
Thank you for your attention

                                     Frank.Greco@CEC.EU.INT




                                                   Frank Greco
CEPT/ECC Civil / Military MEETING,                 European Commission, DG INFSO A3   Slide 23
Stockholm, 28-30 October 2002

								
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