Flag Person Know How

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					Flag Person Know How




   Red Mean Stop
  Amber Mean Slow
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                Introduction
• Highway Construction and Work Zone Safety
   – Concern to many
      • Construction Workers, Contractors, Highway and
        Safety Agencies, Regulatory Agencies, Transportation
        Professionals and Engineers,Trade Associations, etc.
• Highway construction is one of the most hazardous
  occupations in the USA
   – In the highway and street construction Industry
      • Over 20,000 workers are injured each year
      • Over 100 workers are killed each year



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      Importance of Training
• Improve knowledge, skills, ability and
  attitude in order to perform construction
  related activities safely and efficiently
• Increase awareness of job hazards and
  methods to abate them
• Improve safety for workers and reduce
  injuries/fatalities



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• Highway work spaces are unique
  – Worker exposure to potential hazards include:
      • Construction-related hazards
      • Vehicle intrusion in the work space
      • Workers directing passing traffic and construction traffic
      • Interaction between workers, machinery, equipment,
        trucks and vehicles within the work space
      • Restricted work space
      • Night operations
  – Pressure to complete project early exacerbates the
    situation


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             Events Leading to H&SC Worker
                Nonhighway
                           Fatalities Struck by Falling
                     Transportation       Struck by Object                           Object
                        Incident                 7%                                   4%
                                                                                              Contact with
                           8%       All Others                                                Objects and
                                        8%                                                     Equipment
                                                                                                 14%
         Noncollision
       Highway Incidents                                                                       Caught in
             9%                                                                               Equipment or
                                                                                                Object
                                                                                                  5%
        Collision between
             Vehicles
                                                                                              Fall to Lower
                10%
                                Highway                                                            Level
                                                           Contact with               Harmful
                             Transportation                                                         3%
                                                              Current              Substances or
                                Incident                  (Electrocution)
                                  23%                                               Environment
                                                                4%                       5%
                                Occupational Fatalities - Average 1992-2002
(Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics)
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Struck-By
 Hazards




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              Primary Causes of
              Struck-by Fatalities
• Falling Objects
  – Rigging Failure
  – Loose or Shifting Materials
  – Equipment Tipover or Malfunction
  – Lack of Overhead Protection
• Vehicle and Equipment Strikes
  – Backing Incidents
  – Workers on Foot
• Flying Objects    P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
             Primary Causes of
         Caught-in-Between Fatalities
•   Trench/Excavation Collapse
•   Rotating Equipment
•   Unguarded Parts
•   Equipment Rollovers
•   Equipment Maintenance




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Striking Workers on Foot




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          Poor Worker Position
• This worker is out of the driver’s mirror view




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           High Visibility Clothing
• High visibility clothing
  refers to reflective
  garments that workers
  should wear whenever
  their work place
  contains hazards
  related to low visibility
  or when they work
  near vehicles or
  moving equipment
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              Competent Person

• A competent person is someone
  who:
  – Is capable of identifying existing and
    predictable hazards in the
    surroundings or working conditions
    that are unsanitary, hazardous, or
    dangerous to employees, and
  – Has the authorization to take
    prompt corrective measures to
    eliminate them
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Hazard to On-Foot Workers:
      Type of Barrier




          No Rigid barriers to separate
          workers from passing traffic




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Hazard to On-Foot Workers:
 Too Close to Traffic Lane


                                                   Truck may be
                                                   traveling at a high
                                                   speed




        Worker is in traffic lane


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     Hazards to On-Foot Workers:
      Working Near Equipment




Workers in close proximity to equipment

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Hazards to On-Foot Workers




     Working too close to equipment against a rigid barrier
                     (possible pinch point)

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    Improper Flagging Techniques




Flagger is not using hard hat                           Flagger is sitting while working


                                                                            Flagger is not flagging,
                                                                            is not using hard hat
                                                                            and is facing back to
                                                                            traffic




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Improper Personal Protective Equipment




    No steel toed
    shoes                                                           Using cell phone
                                                                    in middle of the
                                                                    lane (distraction)
 No shirts (and other
 PPE)




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Hazardous Work Environment (Poor
           Visibility)




Hard to see a worker in the
shadow of a truck              Lack of high visibility
                               apparel/vest




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Equipment Rollovers




                                                Rolled over equipment

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         Overhead Power Lines




Truck/equipment in potential contact with overhead power lines, which may result in
                                   electrocution


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Hazards of Heavy Equipment:
      Impaired Vision




             Broken windows



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                          Parking Hazards




Parked car too close to heavy equipment in                     Incident involving parked car and loader
                 operation




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                Legislation & Department
                      Requirements

•   Highway Traffic Act
•   Workplace Safety & Health Act
•   Traffic Engineering & Standards Policies
•   Infrastructure and Transportation Contract
    Specifications




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Characteristics of the Motorists




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              Perception Time &
                Reaction Time


• Perception Time
    • The time it takes for the motorist to receive and
      process a piece if information.

• Reaction Time
    • The time it takes the motorists to act upon the
      information received.

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                  Remember Perception/Reaction time is
                       different for each driver.
More time is needed if:
•   The situation is new
•   There are several choices
•   The problem is complex
•   The driver is under the influence of drugs or alcohol
•   The driver is elderly
•   The driver is tired and inattentive, or inexperienced
•   The messages, signals, signs or directions are not clear



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  Unlike other control devices, only the flagperson can adjust to constantly changing or
confusing situations and take specific actions needed to ensure safety of the motorists
                                      and workers.




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                 Part 3                          FLAGGING
• Employer Responsibility
     • To ensure the safety of their employee’s
How ?
     • By using only properly trained flag people

• Employee Responsibility
     • For the Safety of yourself and the crew working in the
       workzone
     • Movement of traffic through the workzone
     • Motoring public


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Your job is to:
           » control traffic, stop or reduce the speed of
             motorists
           » prevent traffic from entering the work zone
           » protect the work crew and motorists.

Doing your job well will reduce:
           » delays in the flow of traffic
           » hazards for the work crew & motorists
           » unwanted traffic in the work zone

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        Qualifications

The flagperson must be:
 –In good physical condition
 –Mentally alert
 –Professional


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                      Night Time
                  Equipment Required:


Reflectorized outer apparel
A suitable flashlight with semi-transparent
 red/orange cone recommended
During night operations it is recommended
that the flagging station be illuminated

  Flagperson’s must NEVER use personal media players
  that may impair sight, hearing, or attention when
  working.

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                Traffic Control Devices

• Stop /Slow Paddle


• Pole 1.5 meters in
  length


• Flags

• Flashlight
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                            Warning Signs


• Road work ahead



• Flag person ahead




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5 Flag person
     Location




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                To Ensure Visibility
                The Flagger Must:

• Stand in a safe spot

• Stand between 50 m and 150 m in front of crew

• Be visible to approaching motorists min. 150 m

• Ensure paddle is visible


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       While Flagging Remember:
•   Stand alone
•   Make sure no vehicles are parked nearby
•   Stand when hearing or seeing vehicles
•   Ensure breaks are arranged
•   Never leave location
•   Never turn your back



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                                                              This van is
                                                             blocking my
                                                             escape route

 Tips:


• Always ensure the safety of Yourself
• Always plan an Escape Route before flagging starts
• Always be ready to get out of the way of
  approaching vehicles that are not stopping.

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        Additional Flagpeople

• May be needed when lineups occur
• One person gives direction and the other
  person gives advance warning
• May be used where there is limited sight




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                  Communication with Motorists


With the Motorists:
•   Keep the communication brief and to the point
•   Be polite and courteous
•   Explain the reason for the delay
•   Do not lean on or touch the vehicle
•   Do not argue
•   Avoid distractions

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                Communication with Workers

With workers on 2 way Radios:
•   Test units prior to work
•   Establish voice signals and use consistently
•   Be crisp and positive
•   Avoid unnecessary communication
•   Do not use in blasting areas
•   PROTECT THE RADIOS

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                 Effectiveness of
                Flagging Location
Ask Yourself:
• Are vehicles coming up to you very fast and
  having to slam on their brakes?
• Are drivers complaining that they had
  problems seeing you?
• Are drivers trying to pass when other vehicles
  are stopped?

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Part 6 - Flagging Practices
       & Procedures




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                Practices & Procedures
When Flagging:
 Hold the paddle high and vertical
 Never wave the paddle
 Never hold the paddle in front of your face
 Allow drivers reaction time
 Never stand/walk in front of approaching traffic
 Never turn your back to traffic
 Use consistent uniform signals


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                Remember
           When Weather Changes:


• Stopping distances may change when
 pavement is:
    • Wet
    • Icy
    • Snow packed
    • Gravel

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                 To Slow Traffic Down

• Stand in a safe spot
• Display the “slow” side of
  the paddle
• Look directly at
  approaching traffic
• Raise and lower your free
  hand with the palm down

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                                     To Stop Traffic



• Stand in a safe spot
• Display the “stop” side of
  your paddle
• Establish eye contact
• Direct traffic where to
  stop
• Bring the vehicle to a
  complete stop

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• After vehicle comes to a complete stop, walk
  in a straight line in front of vehicle and
  deliver your message
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• Move to centerline in front of vehicle where
  you can be seen by the drivers of approaching
  vehicles
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             To Release Traffic




• Stand in a safe spot
• Turn the paddle to display “slow” side
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Direct traffic to the open lane
Point in the direction for traffic to proceed
Advise the flag person at the other end
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            Preferred Way to Control Traffic on a Four
                      lane Divided Highway


•   Channelizers
•   Barricades
•   Traffic cones
•   Arrow boards
•   A combination of
    two or more.
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            Working With Traffic Signals

•   Work with the traffic
    signals
            NOT
•   Against them


    Do not release
    traffic on a red light

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     Handling Emergency Vehicles
• Assess the situation
• Accommodate the emergency vehicle
• Warn the other flagperson and work crew

     • Remember even emergency vehicles have to follow the
       direction of the flagperson




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   When Motorist do not Obey


• Protect Yourself
• Warn the Crew and Other Flagperson

• Document the incident


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                Dealing with an Abusive
                       Motorist

• Avoid arguing
• Call for assistance
• If threatened physically, leave
• Document incident



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          Dealing With an Accident


• Protect yourself, work crew, and the
  public
• If necessary, stop all traffic
• Contact your supervisor
• Document incident

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                What to do if a
             Flagperson is Injured




• First aid must be available
  immediately
• Contact supervisor



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           Flagperson Checklist
• Ensure warning signs are in place
•   Make arrangements for breaks
•   Have all necessary supplies with you
•   Make sure paddle is clean and undamaged
•   Remove warning signs when flagging is
    complete



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            FLAGPERSON Summary
• Always ensure safety of yourself, crew, public
• Do not leave your station until relief arrives
• Ensure the “flagperson” warning signs are removed
  when flagging has stopped
• Do not let yourself be distracted when flagging.
• Keep aware of what is going on in the workzone. If
  you are not sure of what message should be relayed
  to motorist ask the supervisor
Smile            P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
              Supervisor and Crew
                   Summary

• Always ensure the flagperson is kept up-to-
  date regarding all relevant aspects of the job


• Provide regular breaks for the flagperson




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            Stop the Vehicle




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              Give Direction:




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Stand Where Visible After Stopping
        the First Vehicle:




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Release to Open Lane:




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NEVER Get Caught Without an Escape
                         Route:




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