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					1. (TCO 1) 3M inventor David Windorski's challenge was to design new products for college
students. The first step in solving this challenge was to (Points : 3)

       satisfy students studying needs.

       advertise the new products he had invented.

       use word-of-mouth to tell college students about his ideas.

       discover students studying needs.

       ask 3M to support him while he pursued his new ideas.


2. (TCO 1) The American Red Cross created a series of advertisements encouraging viewers
to donate blood. After viewing the advertisement, Amanda went to the local Red Cross
office and donated a pint of blood. Afterwards, Amanda returned home feeling satisfied that
she had performed a good deed. Was this a marketing exchange? (Points : 3)

       no, because the Red Cross is non-profit organization.

       yes, because the Red Cross ran an advertisement.

       yes, because the donated blood was exchanged for a feeling of satisfaction.

       no, because no money was exchanged.

       no, because the Red Cross did not provide Amanda with a product.


3. (TCO 1) The two central concerns of marketing are (Points : 3)

       market share and customer satisfaction.

       discovering and satisfying needs.

       promotion and sales.

       maximizing an organization's sales and products.

       needs and wants.


4. (TCO 6) Sound and Cinema is a company that will turn an ordinary basement into a home
theater. It advertises in publications that are mailed to homeowners in subdivisions in
which the least expensive home costs $550,000. These homeowners are the __________
for Sound and Cinema. (Points : 3)

       mass market

       tangent market

       market aggregation

       target market

       promotional market


5. (TCO 6) Which of the following would a marketer use as a synonym for controllable
marketing mix factors? (Points : 3)

        the five external environmental forces

        macromarketing forces

        the five Cs

        the four Ps

        price, product, production, and promotion


6. (TCO 1) Profit is (Points : 3)

        the point at which company assets equal company liabilities.

        is the reward to a business firm for the risk it undertakes in marketing its offerings.

        the goodwill earned from implementing the societal marketing concept.

        the money earned when the economic order quantity is maintained.

        accurately described by all of the above.


7. (TCO 1) Which of the following statements about strategy is most true? (Points : 3)

        By following the best strategy an organization can be all things to all people.

        Once an organization is focused and has developed goals, it can then develop its
strategies.

        Strategic direction must be explicit to be set by organizations.

      Strategy is an organization s long-term course of action designed to deliver a unique
customer experience while achieving its goals.

        All of the above are true of good strategy.


8. (TCO 1) The marketing department helps keep the organization focused on creating value
both for it and for customers. This is accomplished by (Points : 3)

        listening to customers.

        developing offerings.

        producing offerings.

        implementing marketing program activities.

        doing all of the above.


9. (TCO 1) Often used interchangeably with vision a(n) __________ statement frequently
has an inspirational theme. (Points : 3)

        point of difference

        mission
       business map

       internal situation analysis

       CEO s annual


10. (TCO 1) Market share is the ratio of sales revenue of the firm to the total sales revenue
of all __________, including the firm itself. (Points : 3)

       firms in the industry

       firms in alternative industries

       firms surveyed by the U.S. Government

       firms sharing in marketing principles

       domestic firms


11. (TCO 1) Step two in the planning phase of the strategic marketing process is (Points : 3)

       the situation analysis.

       the market-product focus and goal setting.

       the marketing program.

       implementation

       obtaining resources.


12. (TCO 1) A recent Congressional initiative mandated that the U.S. Department of
Transportation (USDOT) establish a national traffic information collection system. The
marketing manager of a company that provided traffic reports for local radio stations would
most likely incorporate this knowledge into its SWOT analysis as (Points : 3)

       a strength if the company has an existing working relationship with the USDOT.

       a threat if the USDOT will give this information directly to the radio stations.

       a weakness if the company that provides local traffic information has no employees
technologically capable of using the USDOT system..

       an opportunity if the USDOT is creating a network of local traffic-information
providers to address the mandate.

       all of the above


13. (TCO 1) There are no magic one-size-fits-all guidelines for writing successful marketing
and business plans. Nevertheless, all of the following generally apply EXCEPT (Points : 3)

       use a direct, professional writing style.

       be positive and specific to convey potential success.
        use bullet points for succinctness and emphasis.

        save the most important points for the conclusion.

       strive to develop a plan 15 to 35 pages in length, not including financial projections
and appendixes.


14. (TCO 5) The process of continually acquiring information on events occurring outside the
organization to identify and interpret potential trends is called (Points : 3)

        environmental trending.

        organizational scanning.

        environmental scanning.

        a SWOT analysis.

        acquisition scanning.


15. (TCO 5) Social forces (Points : 3)

        include demographics and values.

        usually have little impact on marketing strategy.

        include reduced emphasis on trade regulation.

        empower workers to improve their performance.

        encourage international trade.


16. (TCO 5) Studies of the __________ characteristics of the U.S. population suggest
several important trends. Generally, the population is becoming larger, older, and more
diverse. Marketers are developing products that will appeal to these target markets. (Points :
3)

        competitive

        regulatory

        geographic

        demographic

        economic


17. (TCO 6) Value consciousness is (Points : 3)

        changing values with careful consideration.

        multi-dimensional consumption.

        buyer excellence.

        the concern for obtaining the best quality, features, and performance of a product or
service for a given price.

        the concern for obtaining the best price of a product or service.


18. (TCO 5) In a(n) __________ economy, the cost to produce and buy products and
services escalates as prices increase. (Points : 3)

        deflationary

        inflationary

        escalated

        recessionary

        depressive


19. (TCO 5) Medication sensors have been developed that can dispense medicines by
circulating within the arteries of the body and sensing when the medication is needed. This
is an example of how __________ help(s) to improve or replace existing products and
companies. (Points : 3)

        technology

        medicine

        legal forces

        ecology

        competitive forces


20. (TCO 5) __________ is the form of competition where just a few companies control the
majority of industry sales. (Points : 3)

        Pure competition

        Cross-market competition

        Oligopoly

        Monopolistic competition

        Monopoly


21. (TCO 6) Which stage in the consumer purchase decision process suggests criteria to use
for the purchase, yields brand names that might meet the criteria, and develops consumer
value perceptions? (Points : 3)

        problem recognition

        information search

        alternative evaluation

        purchase decision
       post purchase evaluation


22. (TCO 6) Putting a dollar value on what a satisfied, loyal repeat customer spends on a
firm's products during a year or a lifetime reveals that (Points : 3)

       focusing on customer retention is not very profitable.

       the calculation is flawed and not practical.

       companies that have focused on customer retention have not yet seen results.

       focusing on customer retention can be very profitable.

        companies are generally more profitable if they try to attract new customers rather
than focus on customer retention.


23. (TCO 6) Organizational buyers can be divided into three different markets. They are
(Points : 3)

       industrial, wholesaler, and retailer.

       industrial, retailer, and government.

       retailer, manufacturer, and government agencies.

       industrial, government, and ultimate consumer.

       industrial, reseller, and government.


24. (TCO 6) Which of the following statements accurately characterizes the organizational
buying process? (Points : 3)

        Multiple buying influences exist and many people may be involved in the purchase
decision process.

       Buying objectives, procedures, and criteria are well established.

       Negotiations between buyers and sellers regarding price is common.

        The purchase of goods or services is usually handled by technically qualified and
professional buyers.

       All of the above statements accurately characterize the organizational buying
process.


25. (TCO 6) Seven of the most commonly used organizational buying criteria are (1) price,
(2) ability to meet the quality specifications required for the item, (3)__________, (4)
technical capability, (5) warranties and claim policies in the event of poor performance, (6)
past performance on previous contracts, and (7) production facilities and capacity. (Points :
3)

       taste of the buyer

       personal friendship with sales representative
ability to meet required delivery schedules

current mood of the buyer

opinion of the firm's senior management

				
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