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Child admission and leaving care as the key

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					                   „Before and before the after”


  CHILD ADMISSION AND LEAVING CARE
 AS THE KEY PROCESSES OF PROVIDING
     QUALITY IN ALTERNATIVE CARE
  EXPERIENCES OF FAMILY- BASED CARE PROGRAMMES
         IN SOS CHILDREN’S VILLAGES POLAND

TOMASZ SAJ, JERZY LEZIAK           SOS CHILDREN’S VILLAGES POLAND

        QUALITY IN ALTERNATIVE CARE. PRAGUE 4 - 6.04.2011
                             Programmes
                  of SOS CV Poland in 2011

45 SOS families                 Karlino
in 4 SOS
Children’s
Villages                        Siedlce

4 Youth care
programmes                       Lublin

3 Short-term
placements                      Kraśnik

4 FSP
programmes
                                Biłgoraj
(10 FSP
facilities)
                                Ustroń


3 SOS
kindergartens
                               SOS CV POLAND
                     CHILD ADMISSION - FIGURES




 About 800 children have been admited to SOS
  family-based care programmes in Poland since
  1984 till 2010

 About 100 new children will be admited to SOS
  family-based care programmes till 2016 (according
  to plan)
               Child admision to SOS families in
               Poland – former experiences


 Admission children without sufficient information about
  their status (life history, family situation, state of
  development, needs)
 Admission children without their acceptance
  and approval their relatives
 Admission children with serious disabilities
  (mental and physical)
 Admission children with serious behavioral disorders
 Admission children without cooperation with their
  parents or relatives
 Admission children under different kind of preasure
                   Child admision to SOS families in
                        Poland – former experiences



Some facts of involving children and their family of
 origin members in making decision and admission
 process
One's own initiative of parents or other relatives
 to entrust their child to the SOS family
Running effective support for admitted children
 in SOS families despite of difficulties and disorders
 in the admission process
ADMISSION CRITERIA AND PROCEDURES

         EXPERIENCES OF POLISH SOS
       FAMILY- BASED CARE PROGRAMMES


 BASED ON NATIONAL CHILD ADMISSION CONCEPT
     We are able to admit to SOS families
those children for whom this form of alternative
    care has been chosen as the most fitting,
        according to their individual needs,
     life situation and social background.
                          SOS families are able to admit


 Children under 10 without any serious physical
  or mental disabilities. Older children can be admitted
  according to the rule of keeping siblings together.
  In justified cases children over 16 years old can be
  admitted directly to the youth care programmes.

 Children whose parents have been deprived of their
  parental rights or have limited parental rights

 Children that stayed before in different form of
  alternative care (informal and formal) or that come
  directly from their families of origin
                        SOS families are able to admit



 Children whose history, needs, family situation and
  background have been carefully examined

 Children from locations nearby this SOS FBC
  Programmes they are to be admitted to (local
  district, voivodeship, neighbouring voivodeships)
                                                        •
                                   Admission rules


 Parents/care-givers approve of the SOS family
  as a future environment for their child and if possible
  they participate in the admission process
 A child accepts the fact of his/her transition to the
  SOS family
 Decision about child’s admission is taken by the
  SOS Programme Committee, based on decission
  of the future caregiver (SOS mother/parents)
                                   Admission rules

 SOS FBC Programme Committee members,
  in particular future SOS caregivers have reliable
  information about the child, his/her history
  and the background
 Formal admission to the SOS family is based on the
  decision of a Family Court and declaration
  of District Centre for Family Support / City Centre for
  Family Support
 Siblings are admitted to the same SOS family and
  they grow up together. Children are separated only
  in very special situations
                                             Admission rules


The above rules do not apply if there is a court
decision to place a child in a family-based care
programme with immediate effect or in the situation
when a child is a victim of any kind of external
violence connected with his/her environment
or if a child’s life or health are in danger.*

( Ordinance of the Minister of Labour and Social Policy of 19.10.2007 on
care-giving and educational facilities §15 and §18)
                                 Admission procedure


Developing of annual child admission plan

  SOS FBC programme director knows about the number of children that
  can be placed in each SOS family in current year Annual child
  admission plan


Searching for the children in need, who can be
 admitted to SOS families (children for whom
 SOS family is the most fitting place to take care
 of them) Social worker has some proposals of children that can be
  admitted to the SOS families    A proposed list of children to be
  admitted
                                Admission procedure

 Preparation of future caregivers (SOS
 mother/parents), the child and his/her parents
 concerning the decision process

 A. Preparation for the decision of caregiver
    (SOS mother/parents)

 SOS mother/parent has agreement to accept a specific child/children
      Decision of SOS mother/parents about admission of a child
 - memo of the discussion
 Written description of a child and his/her needs-identification
 of SOS family that might potentially best satisfy the needs
                                 Admission procedure

  B. Support for a child and its family of origin
     in the decision-making process

 A child and his/her parents accept the fact that the child will be placed
 in a village family    Declaration of approval of a child’s placement with
 a village family - memo of the discussion


Making decision about admission of a child
 to SOS family

 SOS Programme Committee makes a decision (based on SOS
 mother/parents decision)      Decision of the SOS Programme
 Committee about the child’s admission- protocol
                                 Admission procedure


Admission of a child to the SOS family

 Child belongs to the SOS family         The child becomes a member
 of a specific SOS family and the fact of admission is a positive experience
 for the child.Parents sign rules of contacts and pledge to adhere to them.


Start of IDP process

 Developing of Individual Developing Plan for a child
 Developed Individual Developing Plan
                                     Child admission process
             Positive factors                                Negative factors
•   Contact and cooperation with child       •   Lack of contact with child and his/her
    and his/her family of origin
                                                 family before potential admission
•   Extensive knowledge about the child
                                             •   Lack of information or deficient information
    (status of the family of origin,
    background, strengths, weak points)          about the child (life history, family situation,
                                                 state of development, needs)
•   Making decision and admission
    is a team work                           •   Individual efforts according decission
•   Proper selection of an individual            making and admission
    caregiver and the alternative care       •   Accidental selection of care giver
    program (e.g.SOS family)                     and an alternative care programme
•   Planning and making preparation              as well
     for admission of a new child/children   •   Unprepared admission/admission under
•   Good cooperation with external               pressure (time,external stakeholders,
    stakeholders                                 superiors etc.)
•   Immediate start with IDP process         •   Lack of cooperation with external
                                                 stakeholders
                                             •   Delay of IDP process
                        Indicators of proper admission


 High measures of capacity utilization of alternative care
  programmes (SOS FBC programmes)
 Positive results of a child admission plan evaluation
 Smooth transitions children to the youth care
  programmes
 Correct age balance of children in alternative care
  programmes (SOS FBC programmes)
 Proper planning an occupational career of care givers
  (SOS mothers/parents)
 Continuation of cooperation with the child’s family
  of origin members
 Good relationships with other child-focused organisations
                        „Before”- making decission
                               and child admission
o Responsibility to admit only those children
  to whom we are able to offer support appropriate
  to their individual and specific needs
o Good start for the very intensive time of child’s
  development in an alternative care programmes,
  based on IDP process.
o Cooperation and Partnership with the family
  of origin
o Effectiveness in gaining successful independence
o Efficiency in managing of own resources
  by alternative care programmes (human, material,
  financial, etc.)
THANK YOU !

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