Documents
Resources
Learning Center
Upload
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out

Chapter 2 browse the web

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 81

									Discovering the Chapter 2
              • Internet: Brief
       Browsing the
Concepts and Techniques,      Web
Second Edition


Discovering
    the Internet
             Third Edition
Objectives

• Describe a Web site, common Web page
  characteristics, and Web servers
• Explain the role IP addresses, domain names,
  and URLs play in locating Web pages
• Start a Web browser and view Web pages
• Visit Web pages using browser shortcuts



                   Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   2
Objectives

• Save online information for later use
• Change Web browser options
• Discuss the risks and safeguards related to using
  the Web




                    Chapter 2: Browsing the Web       3
Web Sites, Web Pages, and Web Servers

• Web Sites
  – Number of pages varies depending on site’s purpose
    and type of content
  – FAQ page lists frequently asked questions and their
    answers
  – A portal is a special type of Web site that offers a
    doorway to a vast range of content and services




                      Chapter 2: Browsing the Web          4
Web Sites




            Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   5
Web Portals




              Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   6
Web Sites, Web Pages, and Web Servers

• Web Pages
  – Designed to attract visitors and hold their attention
  – Common characteristics
     •   Logo and/or name
     •   Images
     •   Links
     •   Advertisements
     •   Search tool
     •   Copyright statement
     •   Link to a privacy and security policy statement

                           Chapter 2: Browsing the Web      7
Web Sites, Web Pages, and Web Servers

• Web Servers
  – Browser is a client that requests resources from a
    server
  – Server “serves up” resources upon request
     • Web browsing is example of client/server computing




                        Chapter 2: Browsing the Web         8
Web Sites, Web Pages, and Web Servers

• Web Servers
  – Single Web server can host multiple Web sites
  – Large Web sites may span multiple servers




                      Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   9
IP Addresses, Domain Names, and URLs

• IP Addresses
  – A number that uniquely identifies each computer or
    device on a network
  – A series of four numbers separated by a period or dot
     • 69.32.133.79
     • Static IP addresses seldom change
     • Dynamic IP addresses are temporary




                       Chapter 2: Browsing the Web          10
IP Addresses, Domain Names, and URLs

• Domain Names
  – A text alias for one or more IP addresses
     • cengage.com is domain name for 69.32.133.79
  – Domain Name System (DNS) uses name servers to
    resolve domain name to IP address
     • Managed by ICANN
     • TLD (.com, .biz, and so forth)
     • ccTLD (.us, .uk, and so forth)



                          Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   11
Top-Level Domains




              Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   12
IP Addresses, Domain Names, and URLs

• Uniform Resource Locators (URLs)
  – A unique Web address
     •   http:// protocol
     •   Domain name
     •   Path
     •   File name




                            Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   13
Web Browsers

• Software program used to view Web pages
• Most commonly used Web browser is Windows
  Internet Explorer, others include
  – Firefox
  – Opera
  – Google Chrome
  – Safari



                    Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   14
Internet Explorer 8.0




                Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   15
Opening Your Browser and Loading
a Web Page
• Click the Start button on the Windows taskbar
• Click the Internet Explorer icon on the Start menu
  to open Internet Explorer
• Click the Address box on the Address bar




                    Chapter 2: Browsing the Web    16
Opening Your Browser and Loading
a Web Page
• Type scsite.com/internet3e/steps as
  the URL
• Click the Go button to open the Discovering the
  Internet, Third Edition online companion Steps
  page
• Click The Weather Channel link below Chapter 2
  to open The Weather Channel home page in your
  browser

                   Chapter 2: Browsing the Web      17
Opening Your Browser and Loading
a Web Page




              Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   18
Loading a Local Weather Page
Using the ZIP Code
• Type 77478, a ZIP code for Sugar Land, Texas, in
  the Weather Channel search box
• Click the Search button to open the local weather
  page for the 77478 ZIP code
• Close any pop-up pop-under, or rich media ad
  windows that open



                    Chapter 2: Browsing the Web       19
Loading a Local Weather Page
Using the ZIP Code




               Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   20
Viewing a Web Page by Clicking a Link

• Click the 10-Day graphic button link to view the
  10-Day weather forecast
• Drag the scroll box on the vertical scroll bar down
  to view the 10-Day forecast details, then drag the
  scroll box on the vertical scroll bar up to view the
  top of the page




                     Chapter 2: Browsing the Web         21
Viewing a Web Page by Clicking a Link




               Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   22
Web Browsers

• Navigating Recently Viewed Web Pages
  – Use the Back, Forward, Recent Pages, Home, Stop, and
    Refresh buttons
     • Back, Forward, and Recent Pages buttons – revisit recently
       viewed pages
     • Stop and Refresh buttons – stops opening a page or opens
       an updated copy of the current page
     • Home – refreshes the home page(s)




                         Chapter 2: Browsing the Web                23
Navigating Through Recently Viewed Pages

• Verify that Internet Explorer is open with the 10-Day
  forecast page for Sugar Land, TX (77478)
• Click the Back button to return to the previously
  viewed Sugar Land, TX (77478) local weather page
• Click the Forward button to return to the page you
  were viewing before you clicked the Back button, the
  10-Day forecast page for Sugar Land, TX (77478)
• Click the Refresh button to open a fresh copy of the
  page to view any updated temperature or other new
  information on the page
                      Chapter 2: Browsing the Web     24
Navigating Through Recently Viewed Pages

• Click the Home button to open the browser’s
  default home page
• Click the Recent Pages button to view a list of
  recently viewed pages
• Click the National and Local Weather Forecast link
  in the list to return to The Weather Channel home
  page
• Click the browser Close button to close Internet
  Explorer; close all tabs, if asked

                    Chapter 2: Browsing the Web    25
Navigating Through Recently Viewed Pages




                Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   26
Web Browsers

• Using Tabbed Browsing
  – Allows you to open multiple Web pages in a single
    browser window




                      Chapter 2: Browsing the Web       27
Web Browsers

• Using Tabbed Browsing
  – Each page can be opened in its own tab in the tab row
  – Clicking a tab brings the Web page and tab from the
    tab row background to the foreground
  – Click the New Tab button to open a blank tab then
    enter URL in the Address box to open a Web page in
    the new tab



                      Chapter 2: Browsing the Web       28
Web Browsers

• Using Tabbed Browsing
  – Press ALT+ENTER keys after you type a URL to open
    the Web page in a new tab
  – Press the CTRL key as you click a link to open the
    linked page in a new tab
  – To open the linked page in the background, press
    CTRL+SHIFT as you click the link
  – To close a tab, click the Close Tab button


                      Chapter 2: Browsing the Web        29
Opening and Closing Multiple Web Page Tabs

• Click the Launch Internet Explorer Browser icon on
  the Start menu to open Internet Explorer
• Click the New Tab button on the tab row to open a
  New Tab page
• Type espn.com in the Address box
• Press ENTER to open the ESPN home page in the new
  tab
• Type mlb.com in the Address box.
• Press ALT+ENTER to open the MLB.com home page in
  a new tab in the tab row foreground

                    Chapter 2: Browsing the Web    30
Opening and Closing Multiple Web Page Tabs

• Press CTRL and click the News link to open the MLB
  News page in a new tab in the tab row background
• Click the MLB News tab to display the tab in the
  foreground
• Click the MLB News page tab Close Tab button to
  close the page
• Click the New Tab button on the tab row to open a
  New Tab page
• Click the Reopen closed tabs link on the New Tab
  page, if necessary, to see a list of closed tabs
                     Chapter 2: Browsing the Web       31
Opening and Closing Multiple Web Page Tabs

• Click the MLB News|MLB.com News page link to
  reopen the page in a new tab
• Close Internet Explorer and close all tabs, if asked
• Click the Launch Internet Explorer Browser icon on
  the Start menu to start Internet Explorer
• Click the New Tab button on the tab row to open a
  New Tab page
• Click Reopen Last Browsing Session to reopen the
  tabs that were open when you closed Internet
  Explorer
                      Chapter 2: Browsing the Web        32
Opening and Closing Multiple Web Page Tabs




                Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   33
Viewing Open Web Pages Using Quick
Tabs and the Tab List
• Click the Quick Tabs button to view the thumbnails
  for the five open pages
• Click the Close Tab button on the second home page
  thumbnail to close the duplicate home page
• Click the ESPN thumbnail to close Quick Tabs and
  view the page
• Click the Tab List button to view the list of open pages
• Click MLB News|MLB.com News in the tab list to
  move the page tab to the tab row foreground
• Close Internet Explorer

                      Chapter 2: Browsing the Web        34
Viewing Open Web Pages Using Quick
Tabs and the Tab List




              Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   35
Using Browser Shortcuts to Visit Web Pages

• The Internet Explorer browser provides several
  shortcuts for accessing Web page content and
  revisiting Web pages, such as:
  –   Favorites
  –   History
  –   Web Slices
  –   Accelerators
  –   RSS feeds
  –   Address bar dropdown list
  –   Suggested Sites

                        Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   36
Creating a Favorite Subfolder
and Adding a Favorite
• Start Internet Explorer
• In the address box, type
  scsite.com/internet3e/steps and press ENTER
  to open the Discovering the Internet, Third Edition Steps
  page
• Click Dell below Chapter 2 to open the Dell home page in
  the current tab
• Click the Favorites button to open the Favorites Center
  pane
• Click the Add to Favorites button to open the Add a Favorite
  dialog box
• Type Dell in the Name text box
                        Chapter 2: Browsing the Web          37
Creating a Favorite Subfolder
and Adding a Favorite
• Click the New Folder button to open the Create a
  Folder dialog box
• Type Technology Sites in the Folder Name
  text box
• Click the Create button to create the new Technology
  Sites subfolder inside the Favorites folder
• Click the Add button in the Add a Favorite dialog box
  to add the Dell favorite to the new Technology Sites
  folder
• Close Internet Explorer
                      Chapter 2: Browsing the Web     38
Creating a Favorite Subfolder
and Adding a Favorite
• Open Internet Explorer
• Click the Favorites button to open the Favorites
  Center
• Click the Favorites tab, if necessary, to view your
  list of favorites and subfolders
• Click the Technology Sites folder to view its
  contents
• Click the Dell favorite to open the Dell home page
  in the current tab
                     Chapter 2: Browsing the Web    39
Creating a Favorite Subfolder
and Adding a Favorite




                Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   40
Deleting a Favorites Subfolder
and Its Contents
• Click the Favorites button to open the Favorites
  Center
• Click the Favorites tab, if necessary, to display your
  list of favorites and subfolders
• Right-click the Technology Sites subfolder to display
  the shortcut menu
• Click Delete to display the Delete Folder confirmation
  dialog box
• Click the Yes button to confirm the deletion
• Close Internet Explorer

                      Chapter 2: Browsing the Web      41
Deleting a Favorites Subfolder
and Its Contents




                Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   42
Revisiting a Web Page Using the History List

• Start Internet Explorer
• Click the Favorites button to open the Favorites
  Center
• Click the History tab to view the History list
• Click the Today icon, if necessary, to expand the
  list of Web pages visited today



                     Chapter 2: Browsing the Web      43
Revisiting a Web Page Using the History List

• Click the weather (www.weather.com) folder link
  in the History list to view links to individual pages
  visited at The Weather Channel site
• Click the National and Local Weather Forecast link
  to close the Favorites Center and open the
  Weather Channel home page in the current tab
• Close Internet Explorer


                     Chapter 2: Browsing the Web      44
Revisiting a Web Page Using the History List




                  Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   45
Web Slices

• Allows you to quickly preview frequently updated
  Web page content, such as weather reports or
  sports scores




                    Chapter 2: Browsing the Web      46
Accelerators

• Add-ons to Internet Explorer that allow you to
  access Web content or take some action based on
  selected Web page text




                   Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   47
Subscribing to an RSS Feed

• Start Internet Explorer
• Click the New Tab button
• Visit the Discovering the Internet, Third Edition
  Steps page (scsite.com/internet3e/steps)
• Click CNN.com/TECH below Chapter 2 to open the
  CNN.com/technology page in the current tab
• Click the Feeds button arrow to view the available
  feeds at the CNN Web site
                    Chapter 2: Browsing the Web    48
Subscribing to an RSS Feed

• Click CNN — Technology (RSS) (or other feed of your
  choice) to open the feed page in the same tab in Feed view
• Scroll the page to view the news stories available through
  this feed
• Click the Subscribe to this feed link near the top of the page
  to display the Subscribe to this Feed dialog box
• Click the Subscribe button to display the confirmation page
  indicating that you have successfully subscribed to a
  CNN.com RSS feed
• Click the Close Tab button to close the confirmation page

                         Chapter 2: Browsing the Web           49
Subscribing to an RSS Feed




               Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   50
Viewing and Deleting an RSS Feed

• Open the Favorites Center
• Click the Feeds tab to view the list of subscribed
  to RSS feeds
• Click CNN.com — Technology in the Feeds list to
  open the feed page in the current tab
• Open the Favorites Center
• Click the Feeds tab, if necessary, to view the Feeds
  list
                     Chapter 2: Browsing the Web     51
Viewing and Deleting an RSS Feed

• Right-click the CNN.com — Technology feed in the
  Feeds list to open the shortcut menu
• Click Delete to open the confirmation dialog box
• Click the Yes button in the confirmation dialog box
  to confirm the deletion
• Close Internet Explorer



                    Chapter 2: Browsing the Web     52
Viewing and Deleting an RSS Feed




               Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   53
Address Bar Dropdown List

• The AutoComplete feature looks at the first few
  characters you type in the Address box and then
  suggests the best match based on the stored URLs
• The Address bar dropdown list organizes
  suggestions by:
  – AutoComplete suggestions
  – History
  – Favorites

                    Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   54
Address Bar Dropdown List




              Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   55
Suggested Sites

• The Suggested Sites feature allows Internet
  Explorer to use your Web browsing habits to
  present suggestions for additional browsing




                    Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   56
Saving Online Information

• Printing a Web Page
  – Preview the page to see how it will look before
    printing it
  – Print selected information
  – Print the entire page




                      Chapter 2: Browsing the Web     57
Saving Online Information

• Saving a Web Page
  –   Webpage, complete (HTML page and all related files)
  –   Web Archive, single file (snapshot of page)
  –   Webpage, HTML only (no related files are saved)
  –   Text file (page text is saved in plain text format)




                            Chapter 2: Browsing the Web     58
Saving a Web Page

• Start Internet Explorer
• Click the Page button on the Command bar to
  view the Page button menu
• Click Save As to open the Save Webpage dialog
  box
• Navigate to the folder specified by your instructor
• Click the Save as type box arrow to view the
  available file types

                     Chapter 2: Browsing the Web    59
Saving a Web Page

• Click Web Archive, single file (*.mht), if necessary,
  to select the desired file type
• Click the Save button
• Close Internet Explorer




                     Chapter 2: Browsing the Web      60
Saving a Web Page




              Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   61
Saving Online Information

• E-mailing a Web Page
  – Send a page or a link to a page using commands on
    the Page button on the Command bar
• Saving a Web Page Image
  – Use a shortcut menu
  – Note that all Web page content, including images, are
    protected by copyright law



                      Chapter 2: Browsing the Web           62
Changing Browser Options

• Showing and Hiding the Menu Bar and Toolbars
  – Turn on or off toolbars using the Tools button on the
    Command bar
  – Press Alt key to toggle on/off the menu bar




                      Chapter 2: Browsing the Web           63
Showing and Hiding the Menu Bar and
the Favorites Bar
• Start Internet Explorer
• Press ALT to display the menu bar below the
  Address bar
• Press ALT to hide the menu bar
• Click the Tools button on the Command bar
• Point to Toolbars to display the Toolbars submenu



                    Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   64
Showing and Hiding the Menu Bar and
the Favorites Bar
• Click Favorites Bar on the Toolbars submenu to
  display the Favorites bar below the Address bar
• Right-click a blank area at the end of the Favorites
  bar to display the Toolbars shortcut menu
• Click Favorites Bar on the shortcut menu to hide
  the Favorites bar
• Close Internet Explorer


                     Chapter 2: Browsing the Web     65
Showing and Hiding the Menu Bar and
the Favorites Bar




              Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   66
Changing Browser Options

• Customizing the Command Bar
  – Use the Tools button on the Command bar
  – Add or remove buttons or modify text labels




                     Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   67
Adding a Browser Home Page

• Start Internet Explorer
• Type weather.com in the Address bar and press
  ENTER
• Click the Home button arrow on the Command bar to
  display the Home button menu
• Click Add or Change Home Page to display the Add or
  Change Home Page dialog box
• Click the “Add this webpage to your home page tabs”
  option button to add the current Web page as a
  home page tab
                     Chapter 2: Browsing the Web    68
Adding a Browser Home Page

• Click the Yes button to add the Web page to your
  home page tabs
• Close Internet Explorer
• Start Internet Explorer to view two home page
  tabs
• Click the Home button arrow on the Command
  bar to view the menu
• Point to the Remove command to view the
  submenu
                    Chapter 2: Browsing the Web      69
Adding a Browser Home Page

• Click National and Local Weather Forecast to open
  the Delete Home Page dialog box
• Click the Yes button in the Delete Home Page dialog
  box to confirm the removal of the second home page
• Close Internet Explorer
• Start Internet Explorer to confirm that The Weather
  Channel home page is no longer part of the home
  page tabs
• Close Internet Explorer
                     Chapter 2: Browsing the Web    70
Adding a Browser Home Page




              Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   71
Changing Browser Options

• Viewing a Web Page in Compatibility View
  – Click the Tools button on the Command bar and click
    Compatibility View to turn on the feature
• Zooming a Web Page
  – Change the "zoom" percentage using the Change
    Zoom Level button arrow on the status bar




                     Chapter 2: Browsing the Web          72
Changing Browser Options

• Setting Other Browser Options
  – Use the Internet Options dialog box to set browser
    options
     • Number of days browsing history is maintained
     • Tab settings
     • Instant Search box settings




                        Chapter 2: Browsing the Web      73
Using the Web: Risks and Safeguards

• Protecting Your Computer from Hackers
  – A hacker is an individual that uses computer skills to
    access a network without authorization
  – A firewall is hardware and/or software that blocks
    outside intruders
     • Home computers: install a personal firewall to protect
       against hackers
        – ZoneAlarm
        – PCTools



                         Chapter 2: Browsing the Web            74
Using the Web: Risks and Safeguards

• Protecting Your Computer from Viruses
  – A computer virus is a small, potentially damaging
    computer program that can infect a computer and
    then spread to other computers through:
     • Sending/receiving e-mail
     • Downloading files
     • Exchanging word processing or spreadsheet files
  – Install virus protection software to protect against
    infection

                        Chapter 2: Browsing the Web        75
Using the Web: Risks and Safeguards

• Shopping Safely Online
  – Use reputable online vendors
  – Pay with a credit card over a secure (SSL) connection
  – Use a third-party payment service if participating in
    online auctions




                      Chapter 2: Browsing the Web           76
Using the Web: Risks and Safeguards

• Filtering Web Content
  – Web is a largely unregulated environment
     • Use Web content filters (Internet filters)
     • Use the IE Content Advisor




                              Chapter 2: Browsing the Web   77
Using the Web: Risks and Safeguards

• Protecting Against Malicious Web Sites
  – A malicious Web site is a phony site designed to look
    like a legitimate site
  – Used by thieves to collect personal information
      •   Name
      •   Address
      •   Social Security number
      •   Bank account information
      •   Credit card information
  – IE 8 has built-in SmartScreen Filter that evaluates sites
                             Chapter 2: Browsing the Web        78
Using the Web: Risks and Safeguards

• Keeping Your Personal Information Private
  – Entities that might be collecting and using your private
    information
     •   Employers
     •   Internet Service Providers
     •   Government agencies
     •   E-Business Web sites
     •   Cookies
     •   Spyware and adware


                           Chapter 2: Browsing the Web     79
Using the Web: Risks and Safeguards

• Keeping Your Personal Information Private
  – Privacy advocates are dedicated to informing
    government agencies and consumers about privacy
    issues and maintaining information about privacy
    issues at their Web sites
  – InPrivate Browsing allows you to browse the Web
    privately without storing information about the Web
    sites you visit
  – InPrivate Filtering protects against parties collecting
    information about your browsing habits

                       Chapter 2: Browsing the Web            80
            Chapter 2
            Complete


Discovering
    the Internet
            Third Edition

								
To top