THE 1990s THE 2000s AND BEYOND These were strange times. The Seattle Grunge scene summed up the Granted, the millennium has barely begun, so it is difﬁcult to sum up early part of the decade. That is, until Kurt died. Then, being angry and the societal inﬂuences that have deﬁned the times, although, things like depressed didn’t seem like such a good idea anymore. Rodney King. IPOs and dot-bombs, boy bands and hip hop, terrorism and yummy O.J. Simpson and the Gulf War shook everyone to the core. Yikes. Time mummies spring to mind. It is easy to point out two hairstyles that have to inject some optimism. This, of course, came in the form of one wom- already caused a major stir, though. “Word of model Fanni Bostrom’s an who deﬁned the times: Oprah. But, for hair that deﬁned the decade, mullet-like crop has shaken up the fashion establishment.” G lobe and we look no further than that Thursday night, prime-time show Friends. Mail fashion editor Deborah Fulsang wrote in March 2001. It may sound The Rachel was perhaps the most popular, most requested haircut of the dramatic (it was the opening of her story about hair trends), but Gianni entire century. Even Jennifer Aniston came to loathe the attention her Scumaci, the 24-year-old creative director of one of Vidal Sas-soon’s hair received. She tried to change the look (with the help of extensions, London salons who developed the look, had hit the ﬁrst big hair trend perhaps?) but people wanted to copy that look. tin). She ﬁnally chopped since Aniston. It’s not for everyone (it has been described as punk meets it off after her marriage to Mister Pitt in 2(XX), though she reportedly mohawk meets hockey hair - coincidentally, mohawks and punk styles regretted it. (“I couldn’t hate it more,” she told Vanity Fair in 2001. have had a recent resurgence as well), but it did nonetheless gar ner rave “I’m taking every sort of horse vitamin there is to make it grow faster”) reviews. Model Carmen Kass’ shattered bob, the second major look of And we would be remiss if we talked about the ‘90s and didn’t mention the decade, is a little bit easier for the average woman to relate to, so we the Clintons, in terms of hair, at least: Hillary’s constantly changing lid are more likely to claim it for ourselves. In between these styles, we’ve was a hot topic in North America. (Sad that one of the most powerful got Jennifer Lopez’s caramel-coloured hair: Keri Russell’s naturally women in the world still had to suffer the criticism of whether people curly hair (the ratings on her show Felicity actually dropped because liked her hair.) The press - speaking of press, Connie Chung was one of she cut it tres short): and Christina Aguilera (who, it seems, is trying to the few female news anchors who had good hair - was relentless about bring Cyndi Lauper’s style back) and Britney Spears compet ing for the it. That is, until Hillary’s husband was caught with his pants down vis- messiest, sexiest hair of them all. (Britney’s winning—see page 104.) a-vis Monica (who, coincidentally, had hair that people admired). So, the question becomes: What will happen next? Not even your hair- dresser knows for sure. Unless the fabulous hair fairy blessed you at birth, chances are your perfect style doesn’t come naturally. The following timeline takes a look at when some everyday items came onto the scene, making it that much easier to have beautiful, natural-looking hair. 1905: Sarah Breedlove McWilliams Walker, or Madame C.J. Walker as she was known, invented a hair treatment and special straightening comb so black women could style their hair without having to use the drying and damaging ﬂat iron. 1906: German-born hairdresser Charles Nessler invented the ﬁrst permanent-wave machine. The process took 10 hours. 1907: Paris chemist Eugene Schueller created the ﬁrst synthetic hair dye. He named it Aureole and later launched a little company called L’Oreal. 1916: Bobby pins were introduced to the U.S. Lock pickers everywhere rejoiced with women whose updos now remained that way. 1928: African-American Marjorie Joyner patented the permanent-wave machine and shortened the lengthy process time. This made it much more convenient for women of all races to get that natural and long-lasting wave worn by ﬂappers, movie stars and molls. 1929: The ﬁrst personal hair dryer, the Air-Way Sanitary System, went on the market boasting its multi-purpose abilities. Women could use it not only to dry their hair, but also to clean furniture, vacuum rugs and ventilate stuffy rooms. 1930: Thermo hair curlers, devised by African-American Solomon Harper, utilized heat to hold the curl and caused the lumpy slumber of women everywhere. 1946: African-American Jessie T. Pope invented the thermostatically controlled curling iron. Much like hot curlers, the curling iron made it easier to curl your hair at home without having to sleep on it. 1951: The ﬁrst home hair dryers made trips to the salon less frequent. Consisting of a pink plastic cap that ﬁt over a woman’s head, attached to a hand-held unit, home hair dryers allowed ladies and teenagers alike to dry their hair in the privacy of their boudoirs.
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