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Presentation of Chon Aksu PES scheme Solutions for Water

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 14

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									Pilot PES scheme in the Chon-Aksuu
       watershed, Kyrgyzstan


                                  December 2011




Simon Charré
The Regional Environmental
Center for Central Asia - CAREC
              The Chon Aksuu watershed

Downstream activities:
 Irrigated crop growing
– Water Users
Association

Upstream activities:
 Forestry – Forest administration
 Livestock breeding – Pasture Committee
 Mushroom/medicinal plants picking –
Individual businesses
 Tourism – Individual businesses
             Main issues in the watershed


       Water quality and quantity for irrigation use – high
         level of suspended sediments, water shortages



1. Forest degradation:
- Deforestation                                    Erosion
- Soil degradation in the forest
- Weak natural regeneration                   Decrease of
                                             water storage in
2. Overgrazing of pastures                       the soil
  Managing the problems through the PES tool

                                          Pasture committee
Mushroom pickers
                                                    Forest administration

 Tourists



                                                   Payment flow



                Ecosystem services flow




            Water Users Association
          The PES scheme


• 4 contracts

 One multilateral
 Three bilaterals
  1. Forest administration/WUA
  2. Pasture committee/WUA
  3. Forest administration/Mushroom
     pickers
               The payment
1.    The Water Users Association pays in labour
     – The Forest Administration: 10 man/day a
         year to help in tree plantation, fencing, etc;
     – The Pasture Committee: 20 man/day a
         year for pasture quality improvement.

2.    The Mushroom Pickers Association pays in
      labour the Forest Administration: 30 man/day
      a year to help in soil preparation, tree
      plantation, etc.

3.    Tourists pay in cash the Forest
      Administration the entrance fee in the valley:
      20soms/person, 50soms/car.
                   The conditionality

• The Forest administration must:
- Allocate 10% of the fee collected among tourists to tree plantation;
- Fence new plantations;
- Fence important places for natural regeneration;
- Work together with the Pasture Committee and the village
  administration;

• The Pasture Committees must:
- Prepare a Pasture Management plan;
- Follow recommendations on maximum pasture load, repare key
  infrastructures to enable the access to remote pastures, fence
  temporary some pastures for regeneration;
- Limit and control grazing in the forest areas
    Monitoring of the scheme


Key point for the sustainability of the
          overall mechanism


Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) plan/group



         Coordination Committee



 Monitoring of water quality by water users
    Monitoring and Evaluation plan

The M&E plan was designed and approved in
cooperation with all parties involved in the
scheme

1. It concerns the two ecosystems included in
   the project: forests and pastures;

2. Will be implemented once a year by a multi-
   stakeholder group (12 people);

3. A short report will be written after
   implementation and sent to the
   Coordination Committee.
       Coordination committee

The overall mechanism is supervised by a
multi-stakeholder Coordination Committee: 20
members from different backgrounds and
sectors.

Missions:
1. To meet once a year to evaluate the M&E
report;
2. To extend or amend the PES contract;
3. To organize discussions and solve
controversial issues between parties;
4. To promote the PES tool.
Monitoring of water quality by water
                users


• Simple and cheap protocol

• To be regularly implemented to
follow the evolution of suspended
sediments load

• Will show the efficiency of the
activities implemented upstream
                   Next steps

To improve the present scheme:

•   To work on the possibility to include other
    users of the upstream ecosystems as buyers:
    medicinal plants pickers, bee keepers, etc;

•   To conduct field work to identify within the
    targeted ecosystems the places with the
    highest potential to provide water related
    ecosystem services;

•   To conduct a reflexion on how to integrate in
    the scheme the pastures owned by the forest
    administration.
              Carbon storage



•   To discuss with the National Agency for
    Environmental Protection the opportunity
    to use the REDD+ mechanism

•   To evaluate the feasibility of involving
    national industries in forest regeneration
    and protection
   Learning from other experiences


Field trip to Vietnam to visit several PES
projects also addressing water quality
issues

1. How can a cash payment be managed in
   the frame of a PES scheme? Is it
   feasible in the Chon-Aksuu watershed?

2. How can a PES national strategy be
   created and implemented efficiently for
   environmental protection and the
   maintain of economic activities?

								
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