ROUTE FINDING R
OUTDOOR FIRST AID RESOURCES
All outdoor users should carry and be able to use a map and w e
Make sure you know something about outdoor first aid before you MANUALS
compass. Location awareness skills are also important; know where c e
head off into the backcountry. Hypothermia is perhaps the greatest Bushcraft
you are and where you have travelled, be observant, and remember e . e
danger facing people travelling in the outdoors. Know how to recognise Outdoor First Aid
natural features. MSC’s Bushcraft Manual can help you learn t
symptoms and how to treat hypothermia. Abseiling
navigational skills. Navigation courses are run by Mountain Safety
branches and outdoor clubs, and provide practical instruction in c
Refer to MSC resources for guidance. Outdoor Safety – risk management
Be prepared: PAMPHLETS
Despite your best efforts you may still get lost or disoriented d
• Attend a first aid course, preferably an outdoor first aid course
so you need to know how to cope with a survival situation. MSC
such as the one M branches run. Hypothermia
• Carry a first aid k – for contents refer to MSC Outdoor Radio Communication
First Aid Manual.
SURVIVAL SITUATION • Read a first aid m u
manual and carry it with you.
Mountain Radio Service – contacts
Let it Breathe – camping appliance safety
Stop, stay calm and plan Snowsports
Keep warm; build or find a shelter, put on more clothes, make a WEATHER Avalanche Awareness Training Programme
fire. Drink plenty of water and ration your food. Know how to help Using Avalanche Transceivers
searchers find you. New Zealand’s backcountry weather is very changeable and difficult to
c a i Firearm Safety
predict. You must always be prepared for the v worst weather
w very t Join A Club (FMC) – club contacts
The MSC orange Survival Bag has survival hints printed on it; conditions. Carry enough of the right sort of clothing and equipment
o o u VIDEOS/DVDs
carry one of these with you. to cope with any type of weather. Be aware that hypothermia can affect
e t a Do You Need To Cross? – river safety
anyone when the weather is cold, wet or windy.
e y Found Alive – bush survival
It Was Just A Tramp In The Bush – bushcraft
RIVER SAFETY On Target – hunting
WHERE TO GET THE SKILLS Staying Alive! – mountaineering
Be careful near water. Plan your trip to use the bridges provided.
Avoid river crossings where possible. Be aware of rising water levels • Mountain Safety Council branches OTHER USEFUL RESOURCES
following heavy rain or snow thaw. Never cross a flooded river. • Outdoor clubs – F
Federated Mountain Clubs of NZ (FMC)
s Safety in the Mountains – FMC pocket-sized guide
• Commercial instructors – NZ Outdoor Instructors’ Association
t MSC Survival Bag (with survival hints) and Packliner
MSC’s Bushcraft Manual contains detailed information about safety Intentions Forms – to record trip intentions
near water. Also refer to the Water Safety NZ pamphlet “Respect WEATHER CONTACTS
Rivers”. Branch contact: MetFax -phone 0900 77999
MetPhone 0900 999 plus your area code
If you plan to cross rivers, attend river safety training. Courses are
run by Mountain Safety branches and outdoor clubs.
www.fmc.org.nz – Federated Mountain Clubs of NZ
www.nzlsar.org.nz – NZ Land Search and Rescue
www.nzoia.org.nz – NZ Outdoor Instructors’ Association
www.nzsar.org.nz – NZ Search and Rescue Council
www.watersafety.org.nz – Water Safety NZ
For resources, courses and further information contact:
NEW ZEALAND MOUNTAIN SAFETY COUNCIL
PO Box 6027 Wellington
Tel 04 385 7162, Fax 04 385 7366
Cover photo: Courtesy of Black Robin Photography www.avalanche.net.nz
Clothing: Courtesy of Bivouac Outdoor (except front cover) www.incidentreport.org.nz
PLAN YOUR TRIP YOU WILL NEED PERSONAL EQUIPMENT FOOD AND DRINK
Ask yourself Clothing PACK – with waterproof liner such as yellow MSC packliner. Food should be:
Where are we going? PARKA – waterproof with hood Pack should be light, strong, comfortable, 60-90 litres for Lightweight – freeze-dried, dehydrated meals, dried vegetables,
Do we need permission for access? OVERTROUSERS – windproof overnight trips. Carry up to one quarter your weight. milk powder, etc. Remove unnecessary packaging.
Who is going? GAITERS or PUTTEES – to keep out gravel SLEEPING BAG – good quality down or synthetic fibre.
How long shall we go for? BOOTS – sturdy, good fit, protected with dressing/polish Pack in stuff bag. Keep dry in plastic bag. High energy value – should contain proteins, fats and carbohydrates
What shall we take? SOCKS – 2-3 pairs in good condition* GROUNDSHEET – lightweight, waterproof; plastic or polylaminate. in the proportion 1:1:4:
HAT or BALACLAVA* Use the MSC Survival Bag as a groundsheet. 1: Proteins: meat, cheese, eggs, milk powder.
Choose a trip in keeping with the experience, GLOVES or MITTENS* SLEEPING MAT – closed cell foam, or a 1: Fats: cheese, chocolate, butter, bacon, salami.
fitness and ability of your party. Be realistic. UNDERWEAR*
*Select warm garments made of wool, self-inflating airbed.
polypropylene or polyesters (fleece).
4: Carbohydrates: sugar, bread, muesli, rice, macaroni,
Include contingency plans for bad weather. LONGJOHNS/TROUSERS* MAP OF AREA – in clear plastic cover. sweets, dried fruit.
TOPS – 2 medium weight* FIRST AID KIT – small, with insect repellent
Get up-to-date information and advice about JERSEY or JACKET – 2, 1 lightweight* and suncream. You will also need:
where you’re going tramping. Dept of SHORTS – quick drying COMPASS – base-plate type. Learn how to use it. Snacks – biscuits, nuts, raisins, sweets, chocolate, scroggin, etc.
Conservation centres have local track COTTON SHIRT and SUN HAT – optional; for use in fine weather. MATCHES/LIGHTER – in waterproof container. Emergency food – soups, rice, pasta, sardines, dried fruit, cheese,
information and maps. EMERGENCY FIRE STARTER – solid fuel, biscuits. Take some that doesn’t need to be cooked. Fast cooking
Aspects to consider when buying clothing: weight, candle or strips of rubber inner tube. food is convenient.
Go with someone experienced and wicking/breathing ability, drying time, warmth and fit. TORCH – small with spare bulb
learn from them. & batteries. Ensure you have good ventilation when using portable
LAYERING – two light layers of clothing are warmer PLATE AND MUG – unbreakable. Bowl cookers and lamps to avoid carbon monoxide poisoning.
Contact the MetService for an up-to- and more versatile than one heavy one. may do for both.
date weather forecast. DRINK BOTTLE Drinks
KNIFE – sheath or pocket. Don’t forget to pack tea, coffee, a chocolate drink and sachets of
Be aware of rivers in the area and
PARTY EQUIPMENT FOR FOUR KNIFE, FORK & SPOON powdered fruit drink. Carry water if you won’t be able to find
the location of bridges. TENT and/or FLY – waterproof with long guy ropes. BOOTLACES – spare set, or cord. any on your route.
BILLIES – 2 or 3 aluminium or stainless steel, with lids. PLASTIC BAGS AND TIES – various sizes for
Know where to find huts, shelters Use billy bags. food and clothing. You need to drink water regularly – If you suspect the water
or good camping spots. Always FRYING PAN (optional) – aluminium or stainless steel, small. TOILET GEAR – soap, toothbrush, toilet is unsafe you should treat it by boiling, purifying or using a
carry emergency shelter. STOVE – white gasoline, methylated spirits, or gas stove, spare paper, small towel. water filter.
fuel, and primer if required. SURVIVAL KIT – whistle, cord, fish hooks
Be mentally and physically prepared POT SCRUBBER & line, sharp knife, pencil & paper, first aid
for bad weather. It can snow at any FIRST AID KIT – lightweight but comprehensive. items, plastic bags, survival sheet,
time of year in the New Zealand Include mending gear. firelighters.
mountains, and the weather can CORD – length of strong nylon cord. HUT TICKETS/ANNUAL HUT PASS –
change rapidly, even within minutes. ‘SAFETY IN THE MOUNTAINS’ – booklet purchased from the Dept of Conservation.
Leave your trip details with a responsible
person. Use a MSC Backcountry Intentions
form to record where you are going, your
expected time of return and other
Delays happen. Patience is needed
when things go wrong. Be prepared
to modify your plans.