Review Sheet Government Exam

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					REVIEW SHEET – PARTICIPATION IN GOVERNMENT REVIEW SHEET

Unit 1 – Intro to U.S. Government
Foundations of U.S. Government
- Types of Democracy – Direct vs. Representative (Indirect)
- Popular Sovereignty
- Federalism
- Branches of U.S. Government – what each branch does?
- Checks and Balances – examples
Immigrations/Citizenship
- Jus Soli vs. Jus Sanguinis
- Naturalization
         - Steps to become a citizen
- Types of immigrants
         - Illegal
        - Non-resident
         - Resident - what is required? What benefits are received?
Taxes
         - Payroll and Excise Taxes
         - Regressive vs. Progressive

Unit 2 – Political Ideology
Political Ideology
- define
- What contributes to one’s ideology?
- Political Spectrum – Radicals, Liberals, Moderates, Conservatives, Reactionaries
          - understand the major beliefs of liberals vs. conservatives
         - know the breakdown of race, gender, education, religion with respect to ideology
          - which group is the largest % in the U.S.?
Political Socialization
- define
- what factors influence political socialization?
Political Parties In United States
- Democrat vs. Republicans (major beliefs of each)
- Minor Parties (understand Ideological, Economic Protest, and Single Issue)
          - what is the importance of minor parties?

Unit Three – Public Policy
Voter Apathy – why don’t people participate in politics/elections?
Elections
- primaries – closed, open, blanket
- caucus
- general election
         - requirements for a party to get government funding ($84 million)
         - electoral college – problems
- Commercials/Ads
         - understand different types (transfer, testimonial, bandwagon, glittering generalities, negative)
- US Voter Turnout
         - Apathy – why don’t more people participate?
Interest Groups
- $ and campaigns – FEC?
          - laws with respect to donating?
- Political Action Committees (PACs)
Unit 4 – 1st Amendment
Religion
- two parts
- limits on freedom of religion
          - be able to use specific cases to show these limits
Speech
- types of speech (pure, speech plus, symbolic)
- Limits on freedom of speech
          - be able to use specific cases to show these limits
                  - Schenck vs. US
          - understand slander, libel, sedition
Press
- understand the limits of freedom of the press
         - be able to use specific cases, songs, video, etc to show these limits
         - examples of legal censorship
Assembly
- what is needed to assemble peaceably?

Unit 5 – Due Process
Substantive v. Procedural Due Process
4th Amendment – No Unreasonable Searches and Seizures
- Warrant
- Escape, Destroy Evidence, Harm Others
- Exclusionary Rule
- Be able to use specific cases to illustrate the 4th Amendment
5th Amendment
- Grand Jury – Indictment
- Double Jeopardy
- Self-Incrimination – Immunity
6th Amendment
- Speedy and Public Trial
- Impartial Jury
- Know the Charges and Confront Witness
- Right to Counsel – Gideon v. Wainwright, Escobedo v. Illinois, Miranda v. Arizona
8th Amendment
- No Excessive Bail
- No Cruel and Unusual Punishment - Death Penalty
9th Amendment
- Right to Privacy
- Zones of Privacy
14th Amendment – State and Local Governments
**Understand the importance of due process and what happens when these rights are violated**

				
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