مصطلحات واختصارات

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              IMF _______intrenational monatry fund



         GATT________general agreement for trad and tariff



        HIPC________heavily indebted poor countries initiave
                     !" # $% &         '(

         IDA________international development association
                                %

             GDP_________ growth domestic progress
                           % )    "%*

               WTO________world trad organization
                       %          %+

OECD________organization of economic,co_operation and development
                    %    ,'      !      %+


                       ******************



              inflation indicators_______-./          01

                 monatry policy_______          2 3

                      budget_________ * 4

                      undertake_______      "

              long-term loans________ , %       "5 6

                      marketing_______ "3

                exchange rates________ 7          2

                   debt relief________ 8    9 .
          management_______                '

   disbuesement of funds_______

           financing________ : "%

         creditors________!"; %

             debtor______ 8

    shares of stock________           "(       < -=2

     fiscal ******_________ ( / ><


  assessment__________        %        ( /        %

              sector_____ ?

            deposites______@A '

          facillities________ B =3

            average________ &

         capitalism________           %2

            manor_______ C

            income_______ :

    ,copany.firm,corporation_______ D 0

            earnings_______ A "C

       puplic tax_________             ( /

          payment________ C"<

          revenue________         '

          expenditure____ <            %

industrial free zone________ C                    E5 %

     houshold sector_______ DB= 2 ?

            support________-C'
       excise duty________ DB= 2 ( ;

              surtax______ < ; ( ;

              bankruptcy________ FB<

         taxevasion______ ( ; G =

                baragain______

                balance______! 4

  open door policcccy______ H *                   2 2



                " (%I                C"2"


      ============              ===========

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      -----------------    ---------------------
                       SQL
                 Structured Query
                     3 2 W V*X N

                       DDL
                  Data Definition
                    * ( Y " N

                          DML

                 Data Manipulation
                   * ( @ :       N

                          DB
                        DataBase
                   * # C

                   DBA
           DataBase Administrator
                * ( C"

                  DBMS
        DataBase Management System
               * ( C " -+* 'X

                  ODBC
         Open Database Connectivity
              V    * ( C " Z#

                   VLDB
            Very Large Database
                (I   * ( C"

                   RDMD
   Relational Database Management System
                AB     * ( C"

                   ORDBMS
Object-Relational Database Management System
       [O"    ; \ ABC * # C " 'X

                   LOB
            Large Object Binary
                O (D * #

                   GUI
           Graphic User Interface
              "2 ) . 3% =O

                    PL
            Procedure ********
                  W OM N

                   OLAP
        Online Analytical Processing
              0 (%            %

                  SGA
            System Global Area
                   )+

                   PGA
            Program Global Area
                   ] (
           SID
     System Identifier
        )+ 7

          ADO
   ActiveX Data Objects
* ( X &" " ^DQ Y DQ A D

          DAO
    Data Access Object
     * ( X &" "      AD

         DDE
 Dynamic Data Exchange
   UI     &' (    AD

           VBA
Visual Basic for Application
       ( _3 # & " < N

         RDO
   Remote Data Objects
     (  * ( # -I    AD

           VBS
    Visual Basic Script
 `* *a#   . _3 # & " < N



`* *M - C U<

          T   %
        4 I*M %O
     U#      % H V

         WWW
     World Wide Web
     %     "(I   I(V

         .com
  Commercial Businesses
      b      @"

           .edu
     Higher Education
      U -       @"

           .org
       Organization
       cL Q   %+ @ "

           .gov
        Government
          "IJ @ "

             .net
          Network
           I(V @ "

            .mil
          Military
           I3C @ "

          HTTP
Hyper**** Transfer Protocol
        d :* N

          HTML
Hyper**** Markup ********
       d ' CX N

         DHTML
      Dynamic HTML
       I     HTML

            FTP
   File Transfer Protocol
            % :* N

        IP Address
 Internet Protocol Address
     `* *M Y      !"C

            ISP
  Internet Server Provider
      `* *M

            W3C
World Wide Web Consortium
      W V*X N           %O

          CGI
Common Gateway Interface
       0 (%


            P.P.P
   Point-to Point Protocol
      * X * 8 &"D" #
                  TCP/IP
Transfer Control Protocol / Internet Protocol
          `* *e : -I &"D" #



                     IIS
        Internet Information Server
             `* *M      " )'

                  PWS
           Personal Web Server
              U .0 I(0 )'



                    PGP
            Pretty Good Privacy
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                   ASP
            Active Server Page
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                  SSL
          Secure Socket Layer
         f (    g &"D" ( Q ^( %

                   SET
       Secure Electronic Transaction
            8 h U* I M :

                 SMTP
       Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
          Z 3(     ( : * &"D" #

                NNTP
     Network News Transfer Protocol
               J <"    \

                   FAQ
        Frequently Asked Questions
                  I % c2h

                  ISDN
   Integrated Services Digital Network
` # " D klm ij C 3#          . %      I(V
              NNTP
   Network News Transport Protocol
         n         &"D" #

                POP
         Post Office Protocol
         U* I M     ( &"D" #

                 SLIP
     Serial Line Internet Protocol
     `* *a# & B U 3 3 &"D" (

                URL
      Uniform Resource Locator
          `* *X

                  IRC
          Internet Relay Chat
         `* *M (C o' %

                 TFTP
       Trivial File Transfer FTP
                J <"     \



   `* *M     " (%I :   #        %+

                T   %
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              Arpanet
  Advanced Research Projects Agency
              % p" ( I(0

                 BBS
        Bulletin Board System
           n       J" ) +*

              CERT
 Computer Emergency Response Team
         I(V 8 Q q "5 4D

                  CERN
European Laboratory for Particle Physics
    I(V [ < ? #Q b> ( .% -2 WWW

                 CIX
   Commercial Internet Exchange
      `* *M C " @; %+

              DDN
      Defense Data Network
      ?<    C       "   I(0

              DOD
      Department of Defense
`* *M SV*Q = Oh U   I h ?<          D

                EFF
   Electronic Frontier Foundation
         321 * I M '

                IAB
    Internet Architecture Board
          `* *M 2 L c L

               IETF
  Internet Engineering Task Force
   `* *M & %CQ b " U2 = c L

                ISOC
         The Internet Society
            `* *M %O

               NIC
    Network Information Center
         I(V     " 4D

              NIC
      Network Interface Card
          I(V &         #

                VPN
      Virtual Private Network
                 * I X I(0



    r2     4=OQ U<

               T   %
             4 I*M %O
          U#      % H V

                PC
         Personal Computer
            U .0 r2 J
           RAM
  Random Access Memory
        A "V   D>

            ROM
      Read Only Memory
        Z< W      Dg

            CPU
   Central Processing Unit
      4D %       % J

            CD
        Compact Disc
       s"N/ t u

         CD-R
        CD Write
   s"N/% t v3* u

        CD-Re
       CD Rewrite
s"N/% t    C # I            u

           HD
         Hard Disc
         r   t

            MB
        Mother Board
          )h J"

             KB
          Key Board
          T % J"

               Kbps
      Kilobits Per Second
          * o :I ` # " D



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            T   %
          4 I*M %O
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            ANSI
 American National Standards Institute
     ^ %           I h %

               UCS
Unicode World Wide Character Standard
        T    7 JQ ^       %O

              RGB
        Red & Green & Blue
     wh   / h %Jh 2 ! " h

                  Bit
                  Bit
           F       J    N Q

                 Byte
          8 Bit = 1 Character
                  m `#

                 KB
         1024 Byte = Kilobyte
              kxlj ` #

                MB
         1024 KB Mega Byte
            kxlj` # " D

                GB
         1024 MB Gaga Byte
            kxlj ` #

                TB
         1024 GB Tetra Byte
            kxlj ` #

                 VRML
   Virtual Reality Markup ********
                    # N

                 API
  Application Programming Interface
              ( ] ( =O

                CLSID
            Class Identifier
             7"      7
                   l

                IMS
   Information Management System
                  " % ) +*

                      IIS
         Internet Information Server
               `* *M * # )'

                  CICS
   Customer Information Control System
           8A #4   * # 'X ) +*


                    DAO
             Data Access Objects
                * ( &" "     AD


                    DDE
            Dynamic Data Exchange
                I ' &' ( * #

                   DLL
            Dynamic Link Library
              I     Z#     (I


                    ERA
        Entity Relationship Analysis
                .V     B :

                  GUID
         Globally Unique Identifier
             J"% U% Y


                    ISAPI
             Internet Server API
        `* *M )' .     ( ] ( =O

                 MDAC
    Microsoft Data Access Components
      `<"2 I       * ( &" "   *"I

                  MDI
> EA o" '      =O Multi ******** Interface

SDI '       o"# =O Single ******** Interface

                J [O    g =O

                    MSF
  Microsoft Solution Framework
       `<"2 I &" J 5X

            MSMQ
 Microsoft Message Queue Server
   `<"2 I % :A 2 7" )'

              MTS
   Microsoft Transaction Server
       `<"2 I & %CQ )'

               OLE
  Object Linking and Embedding
           A I 8 %/ Z#

             SMS
    System Management Server
          )+     )'

             SNA
   System Network Architecture
         `* *M -+* 2 L

              UDA
      Universal Data Access
         * ( U% &" "

               ACID
Consistency Isolation and Durability
        ! h &4 _2 %

               ADO
       ActiveX Data Objects
       ^DQ Y DS# &" "   AD


      COM & COM & COM

              T   %
            4 I*M %O
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            COM DOS
            Command
                Q

          .COM Internet
           Commercial
              D 0
          COM ActiveX
      Component Object Model
        ] ( # * ( 8 %/



            % 9 #'         U*

               T   %
             4 I*M %O
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               EXE
           Executable File
             b> Y

                BAT
              Batch File
               U <' Y

               COM
            Command File
                QY

                TXT
              **** File
              U *Y

                 SYS
             System File
               ) +* Y

               WAV
              Wave File
              U" Y

                MIDI
Music Instrument Digital Interface File
            U " ZA 2 Y

                MID
    Music Instrument Digital File
           U " ZA 2 Y

                 QT
           Quick Time File
               " <Y

                BMP
             Bitmap File
                       "   Y

                  EMF
            Enhanced **** File
                  " Y

                  WMF
             ******s **** File
                  " Y

                 GIF
   Graphic Interchange Format File
                " Y

                  AVI
        Audio Video Interleave File
                 " <Y

                       DOC
"L '           '        doc       ********
                   '          o


                  MDB
          Microsoft Database File
                * # C" Y

              MPEG
 Moving Pictures Experts Group File
              " <Y

                     PIC
                   PC Paint
                    " Y

                  TRC
             Audio Track File
              t     " Y

                JPEG
Joint Photographic Experts Group File
                " Y

                   PNG
       Portable Network Graphics File
                   " Y

                  TIFF
       Tagged Image File Format File
                  " Y
                     PDF
"% % EA o"     c L Portable ******** Format
                     " Y

              MP3
       MPEG-Layer3audio File
             " Y


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        *^*^*^*^* ^*^*^*^*^*


                second .. * o

                minute ..         '

                 hour .. C 2

      quarter of an hour .. C 2 @#

        half an hour .. C 2 Y *

                  day .. )"

                 night ..

              morning .. H (

               evening .. W 3

                 noon .. =}

              afternoon ..

                 dawn ..      <

                 daily ..     "

          midday .. = Y

         midnight .. :        Y

          sunrise .. ^%V              0

             sunset .. ^%V G \
                             dusk .. E3N ~ :         & Q)

                                 twilight .. E 0

                                  week .. ?"(2Q

                                 weekly .. C"(2Q

                               fortnight .. ! C"(2Q

                                  month .. =0

                                 monthly ..      =0

                         lunar monthseason .. b %           =0

                                    year.. 2

                              leap year .. 3 (D 2

                            lunar year .. .      %     2

                             solar year .. 3%0 [ 2

                         annually .. %2" • "J • b" 2

                                  yearly .. " 2

                                  decade .. C

                                  century .. !



                    8 I h 8 *   ( ,    .  ' !
                     ========================


R W 0 !X   I    h    *     ( 8    = # €^#B% € - C U<             ' % 9 # -I ) Q ` (J
                                 " %3       3:

                           ------------------------------



     Braces I       h# &O        & 5h =    8           $DQ • *"      (    %J UL
                                  Suspenders
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           Dressing Gown UL I             h # •G               [ %3* "L Robe

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           Pants I     h#        O               :        3 UL underwear

          Knickers I        h#       %                :         3 UL panties

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                     CUSTOMARY ABBREVATIONS

                          ========= =======

                                    UNESCO
                                ---------------------

    united nations educational, scintific ,and cultural organization

                                                 :
                            !             " #$        %           &


                          ======== ========



                                     UNICEF

                                  -----------------


                      united nations children`s fund
              '               :
             ! (            )*+       ,- .   /


        ======== ========

              UNRWA
            ----------------

united nations relhef and works agency

                             :
          ) 01          23        4


        ========= =======

                   A.I.O
                 -----------

 Amnesty International organiyation


                        *



         ======== =======

                W.T.O
             ---------------

 WORLD TRAD ORGANIZATION

                        5


        ======== ========

                L.L.C
             --------------

   international labor organization

                    )


        ========= =======
                    I.M.F
                  -----------

   INTRE NATIONAL MONETARY FUND

             6        # .         /


          ======== =======


                     I.C.C
                 --------------

INTERNATIONAL CHAMBRE OF COMMERCE

                         5      "&3


          ======== ========



       The Ministry of the Interior
                %       7

           ==============

          The Foreign Ministry

                  8 9        7

          ======== ========


                     I.C.J
                   ----------

       international court of justic

                     :

				
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