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R_D Strategies in Support of Industrial Transformation

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					             ROMANIA
       MINISTRY OF DEFENCE
     ARMAMENTS DEPARTMENT




R&D STRATEGIES IN SUPPORT OF
 INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION




           01 November 2007
                               Arm.Dpt.
            DOMESTIC INDUSTRIAL ENVIRONMENT
                                  (1)



▪ Low  productivity and (still) weak commitment towards engaging in
  sustainable technology development

▪ Limited innovation capacity, due to low interest and involvement in
  RDI activities (including co-operation with R&D institutes)

▪ Low degree of compliance    with quality and environmental standards,
 due to the low level of understanding the need for quality control,
 certification, industrial property as well as of the necessity for
 sustainable development and environmental protection

▪ Digitalgap in e-commerce, e-business, use of computer-aided
 technologies and IT services, as well as (still) relative high costs for
 telephony infrastructure and Internet



                                                                                2

                                                                            Arm.Dpt.
          DOMESTIC INDUSTRIAL ENVIRONMENT
                                 (2)

▪  The research - industry relationship is seriously affected by their
structural changes as well as by the presence of foreign companies with
higher technology and productivity, restraining the access and
participation of domestic research institutes in international and
European industrial projects

▪ The dissemination of research outcomes is rather slow and difficult
and there are few incentives to determine their effective up-take by
enterprises

▪ The (still) limited level of finance allocated for R&D prevent the
concentration of important human and material resources on R&D
projects with significant economic impact and international
competitiveness




                                                                              3

                                                                          Arm.Dpt.
          IMPORTANCE AND ROLE OF RESEARCH AND
                TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT


 The importance and role of research and technology development
  are reconsidered as follows:
     ▪ national level -
                     clear recognition of the importance of research and
      technological development for ensuring a sustainable and
      competitive development
     ▪ sector level -need for better correlation of RDI policies with
      other sectors’ development policies (covering industry, agriculture,
      health, energy, environment, transports, regional development)
     ▪ public investment level -need to increase the budget share
      for R&D finance, as well as the co-ordination of the parallel
      planning and use of public resources for R&D (including both the
      state budget ones and the private sources ones)




                                                                                 4

                                                                             Arm.Dpt.
          PLANNING RDI POLICIES FOR 2007-2013


                      MAIN OBJECTIVES


▪ Formulationof the National R&D and Innovation Strategy for
2007-2013, as well as elaboration of the instruments and procedures
for its implementation, including the monitoring and evaluation
system

▪ Formulation of the National R&D and Innovation Plan for
 2007-2013 ( programmes profile, expected outcomes, evaluation
 indicators,  etc.), including   contracting    and     financing
recommendations, as well as monitoring and control mechanisms to
 be applied




                                                                          5

                                                                      Arm.Dpt.
    MEASURES FOR STIMULATING R&D INVESTMENT
                IN ENTERPRISES



▪ Fiscal policy -   introduction of fiscal incentives for RDI activities in
  enterprises

▪ Financial policies -promotion of adequate financial instruments and
  services for supporting RDI activities in enterprises

▪ Competition policy - state aid reorientation towards supporting RDI
  activities in enterprises




                                                                                  6

                                                                              Arm.Dpt.
          STRUCTURING AND CONSOLIDATING THE
              ROMANIAN AREA OF RESEARCH


▪   Increasing the number and level of specialization, and improving the
     performances of personnel working in the research field

▪   Developing the RDI infrastructures in R&D institutes and universities,
    in order to ensure a material base comparable to the one in similar
    European institutions

▪   Improving the qualitative structure of the R&D system through
    the development of the S&T capacity in advanced technology fields




                                                                                 7

                                                                             Arm.Dpt.
       STRENGTHENING CO-OPERATION BETWEEN THE
            R&D SECTOR AND THE ECONOMY

▪   Develope RDI activities achieved in co-operation by R&D institutes,
    universities and enterprises

▪ Stimulate R&D activities in enterprises, including in-house research,
    especially in high technology-related domains, by promoting RDI
    specialised projects

▪ Support   the setting-up and development of innovative firms, especially
    in medium and high technology domains

▪ Support     the development of R&D activities and S&T services tailored
    according to the specific needs of the economic sectors (industry,
    agriculture, energy, environment protection, transport, constructions),
    by orienting sector R&D plans towards the medium and high
    technology domains through
               ▪ technology modernisation and traditional sectors restructuring
               ▪ implementation of the sustainable development requirements at
                sector level
                                                                                      8

                                                                                  Arm.Dpt.
                 ENCOURAGING PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION
                             IN R&D ACTIVITIES




                        TECHNOLOGY PLATFORMS

▪    Launched with the aim to enable their further integration into the
    integrated technology platforms developed at European level

▪   Are focusing on the major technology domains that might become the
    main force lines determining the long-term structuring of the technology
    development and of the industrial environment at European level

▪   Represent essential means for ensuring the European industry
    competitiveness in the framework of economy globalization

▪   21 technology platforms at national level, monitored by NASR in domains
    such as alternative energy sources, biotechnology, water management,
    nanoelectronics, nanomedicine, innovative medicines, sustainable
    chemistry, maritime transport, aeronautics


                                                                                   9

                                                                               Arm.Dpt.
    INCREASING VISIBILITY OF RDI ACTIVITIES AND OUTCOMES




▪    NASR actively supports both public and in-house research in order to use
    technology development to reach competitivity and reduce the existing
    gap between the European industries and the national one

▪    NASR provides direct support for the organisation and participation in
    national and international S&T fairs and exhibitions, thus contributing to
    the better dissemination and transfer of research outcomes towards the
    economy




                                                                                     10

                                                                                 Arm.Dpt.
              ROMANIA
        MINISTRY OF DEFENCE
      ARMAMENTS DEPARTMENT




R&D STRATEGIES IN SUPPORT OF
 INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION




                                    11
             01 November 2007
                                Arm.Dpt.

				
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