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					APPLIED BIOLOGY CENTER
NAVFAC Atlantic

Pest Management Challenges for NAVFAC




                                Mrs. Sherrie Bartku
                                Applied Biology Section Head
                                Entomologist, B.C.E.
         NAVFAC APPLIED BIOLOGY CENTER




    •A uniquely qualified network providing high-quality, cost
     effective, responsive solutions to a wide variety of biological
     challenges to Navy/Marine Corps operations, warfighters,
     quality of life, property, material and the environment.

2                          NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
         Structure
    •NAVFAC Applied Biology Center provides comprehensive
     shore-side pest management support to Navy and Marine Corps
     installations around the world
        –Headquartered at LANT due to BRAC decisions
    •11 entomologists/biologists provide required pest management
     support:
        –LANT entomologists
        – 7 at LANT (Program Manager temp doing NEPA for Guam)
        – 1 forward deployed to FEC SW
    • PAC entomologists
        – 2 at PAC
        – 1 forward deployed to FEC FE




3                         NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
     NAVFAC Applied Biology Center

    •NAVFAC Atlantic:
       –Mr. Dan Cecchini - Applied Biology Program Manager (temp
        assigned to Guam Nepa, Karen Wilson acting)
       –Ms. Sharon Bartku – Applied Biology Section Head
       –Mr. Kirk Williams
       –Mr. Jack Markham
       –Dr. Steve Holmes
       –Ms. Sabra Scheffel
       –Dr. Denise Thomas
       –Mr. Michael Medina (NAVFAC SW)
    •NAVFAC Pacific:
       –Mr. Stephan Lee
       –Mr. Cory Campora
       –NAVFAC Far East: Mr. Akira Masui (Japan only)

4                       NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
     Products and Services
    –Regulatory oversight of installation pest management programs
         • Ensure proper handling, storage and usage of pesticides, DoD or state
           certified pesticide applicators, reporting
    –On-site technical review/follow-up report
         • Minimum once every 3 years
    –Approve all pesticides and pest control contracts
    –Training
         • Give recertification course for all Navy/USMC pesticide applicators
         • Assist with initial DOD certified pesticide applicator training
         • Teach initial Pest Control PAR/QAE/Pest Management Coordinator course
    –Prepare, on a cost reimbursable basis, required installation-specific
     integrated pest management plans
    –Collect/Collate pesticide data
    –Report annual metrics to OSD
         • Measures of Merit
    –Phone/email consults as needed
    –On-site consults (reimbursable)
    –Write technical specs (reimbursable)


5                          NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
        Drivers for Program

    •FIFRA – Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act
       –Addresses labeling and handling of pesticides
       –Training
    •DoDINST 4150.07: DoD Pest Management Programs
       –Requires services to establish and maintain pest management
        programs
       –Establishes Armed Forces Pest Management Board (AFPMB)
    •OPNAVINST 6250.4 (series): Pest Management Programs
       –Implements Navy pest management program
    •OPNAVINST 5090.1C Chap. 17: Pesticide Compliance
    Ashore
    •MCO 5090.2 Chap. 15: Pesticide Pollution Prevention



6                           NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
                         How is the Navy Unique?


    •Operationally – ships and planes
       –Engineering side of the house (NAVFAC ABC) does recertification traing
        instead of Schoolhouse
           • Have “traveling” schoolhouse
           • Give classes in Jacksonville, Va. Beach, Okinawa (initial cert), Italy, Bahrain,
             Guam
           • Assist with Phase II portion of initial cert
       –Also put on Initial Pest Control Quality Assurance
        Evaluator/Performance Assessment Representative and Integrated Pest
        Management Coordinator training
           • Normally one each year in Pac, Lant and SW areas
       –BUMED handles shipboard pest control




7                                    NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
        How is the Navy Unique?


    •Location – Most bases are close to large bodies of water (makes
     it easier on the ships!)
       –Leads to pest problems including
           • Mosquitoes – especially in spoil areas
           • Invasive weeds
           • Invasive species arriving by ship
           • Rodents




                                                             Phragmites
8                            NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
        How is the Navy Unique?


    –Large concentration of bases in warmer climates
    –Ant problems
        • Fireants – Followed me from SC to VA!
        • Caribbean crazy ants – in Jacksonville, FL area
        • Argentine ants
        • Odorous house ant




9                                NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
     Caribbean Crazy ants at Fuel Depot, Jacksonville, FL




10                        NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
         How is the Navy Unique?


     •Fireants now in Hampton Roads, Va
     •Naval Station Norfolk, Va
     •Under Quarantine, city was treating but overwhelmed so base is
      treating their areas (demo of earthstar tm unit- another tool)




11                         NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
                 How is the Navy Unique?


         –Termites –
                • Formosan – New Orleans is the “formosan capital” of the us
                       –NAS and NSA New Orleans
                • Drywood termites – Key west
                • Eastern subs – eastern coastal and gulf areas




                                                                               Formosan termites
                                                                                    USDA




        •Drywood termites
     •termitesgonewild.com




12                                       NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
         BASH
     –Alligator strikes in fl
     –Cow strikes in ms
     –Sea gulls, geese, migratory birds




                                                             Bird droppings in hangers


13                           NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
       Recent Issues – NAVFAC Atlantic

     •Mosquito reduction at Camp Lemonier, Djibouti
        –Recommendations significantly reduced breeding
         locations
        –Improved safety/quality of life for deployed
         warfighter
     •Uniform treatment assistance for the deploying
      warfighter
     •Bedbug assistance for Marine Barracks in DC




14                    NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
                                               Disease Vectors –
                                                 Djibouti Dump




     Bedbugs                                         Rabbits in Rota
      In Jax




15             NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
        Unique projects


     •NAVFAC Southwest
       –Invasive species at Naval Radio Station (T)
        Jim Creek, WA
       –Ants in least tern nesting areas in San
        Diego, CA




16                        NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
The mission of Jim Creek is to operate a very low frequency (VLF) antenna that is used to communicate with
submerged submarines in the eastern Pacific Ocean.
 17                                        NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
         Antenna Field Brush Management


     •Must Maintain brush height to less than 6 feet; primarily scotch
      broom
     •Aerial spray method of choice
     •Target – woody and broadleaf plants, Scotch broom
     •Herbicide – Garlon 3A- Triclopyr (triethylamine salt




18                          NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
        2009 Ant Control Program at California Least Tern and Western
        Snowy Plover Nesting Sites, Naval Base Coronado, California

 •3 sites on NB Coronado used by endangered California
  Least Terns (CLT) for nesting and breeding designated for
  ant surveillance and control
 •Birds vulnerable to attack by ants: ants may prey upon
  unhatched eggs and newly hatched chicks, or ant
  invasion of nests may harass adults and cause nest
  abandonment
 •Long term goal: develop an effective, environmentally
  sound ant management strategy
 •2009 focus on managing Argentine ants, but other ant sp.
  monitored to assess risk



19                           NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
     2009 Ant Control Program at California Least Tern and Western
     Snowy Plover Nesting Sites, Naval Base Coronado, California




20                        NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
                                                   NAVFAC PAC - Surveys for Hawaiian picture-wing flies
                                                                          at
                                                        NAVMAG Lualualei and the Kokee Sites




                                                                                               Native,
                                                                                               non-endangered
                                                                                               Hawaiian
Baited sponge                                                                                  picture-wing fly,
used                                                                                           Drosophila
to attract the flies                                                                           flexipes




         Multi-liure trap commonly used for tephritid fruit fly trapping




21                                            NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
         NAVFAC PAC - Surveys for Hawaiian picture-wing flies at
         NAVMAG Lualualei and the Kokee Sites


     •The Hawaiian picture-wing flies are species of Drosophila that
      have evolved with native plants in Hawaii.
        –feed on sap from native trees and breed in decaying native plant
         material.
        –name comes from the patterns on their wing.
        –Invasive species and loss of habitat have affected their
         populations, but not all of these flies are endangered.
        –Due to the proximity of endangered fly designated critical habitat
         to Navy installations, the Navy is obligated to conduct surveys for
         the endangered flies.
     •The survey in December 2009 at NAVMAG Lualualei captured
      three species of Hawaiian picture-wing flies, D. flexipes, D
      crucigea, and D. gradata, but none were endangered species.




22                           NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
           Various Applied Biology Projects NAVFAC Pacific and
           NAVFAC Far East


     •Natural Resources Insect Surveys
        –Commonwealth Northern Mariana Islands Survey for Mariana eight-
         spot butterfly
         –nymphalid
         –Endangered species candidate
         –Host plant surveys
         –Survey for predators including paper wasps
         –Surveys on island of Tinnea
     •INRMPs
     •Joint-basing




23                           NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
paper wasp
   nest




                                                                Mariana eight-spot butterfly -
     Surveying for the host plant of the butterfly in        USFWS candidate species in Guam
Tinian, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
24                                       NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
         Programmatic Challenges

     •Consistent source of reimbursable funding for IPM Plans
        –No law that says IPM Plan required – low priority
     •Inconsistent reporting of pesticide use
        –PPV
        –Contractors now performing significant % of work
     •NEXCOM
        –Displays
     •MWR
        –Golf courses
     •Relatively small staff responsible for pesticide compliance for
      all Navy/Marine Corps shore facilities around the world
        –Keeping up with technical reviews, calls and plans is a challenge




25                           NAVFAC Applied Biology Center
     NAVFAC PEST MANAGEMENT




                                            THE END




26                 NAVFAC Applied Biology Center

				
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