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SS5H3 c_e William McKinley _ Rooseve

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SS5H3 c_e William McKinley _ Rooseve Powered By Docstoc
					GPS: SS5H3 The student will describe how life changed in America at the turn of the century. c. Explain how William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt expanded America’s role in the world; include the Spanish-American War and the building of the Panama Canal. e. Describe the impact of westward expansion on Native Americans; include the Battle of Little Big Horn and the relocation of Native Americans to reservations.
Lesson Objectives: Students will be able to identify William McKinley and his role in the Spanish-American War, and Theodore Roosevelt and the influence he had on the building of the Panama Canal. Students will be able to identify Native American tribes relocation and the move these tribes experienced. Students will be able to describe the Battle of Little Big Horn and its significance in American history. Essential Questions: 1. Who was William McKinley? What was his role in American immergence as a world power and in the Spanish-American War? 2. Who was Theodore Roosevelt? What else was he called? 3. Why was the Panama Canal built where it was? 4. What Native American tribes were relocated and to where were these people moved? Assessments: Students will discuss their knowledge of William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt. Students will debate the beginnings and justification of the Spanish-American War. Students will navigate through the Battle of Little Big Horn as one side or the other and decide what to do.

Procedures: 1. Ask students to pull out any paper money they may have with them. For students who have no money, pass out dollar bills and ask students to look closely at the bill. 2. Call students’ attention to the note on all bills that states “This note is a legal tender for all debts, public and private.” Tell them William McKinley is part of the reason this statement is valid-he is the president that placed the United States on the gold standard and made the dollar bill and its power possible. 3. Tell students to put the money away and collect the bills from the ones you passed them out to. 4. Discuss William McKinley’s presidency and his role in expanding and enhancing America’s role in the world. Then introduce the Spanish-American War as an important event in the McKinley presidency and why the Spanish-American War was so important to America’s expanding power. 5. Have students break into the Spanish group and the American group according to predetermined placement. The Spanish students will argue that the US “jumped to conclusions” about he U.S.S. Maine incident. The American students will argue that the Spanish were trying to control Cuba, and soon the US and had to act to ensure Cuban independence and American safety. If the argument gets

heated, play the mediator until both sides come to the conclusion that either war was unavoidable or it was a hasty act and could have been avoided (according to student opinion). 6. Bring the students back together as a group and place a large brown teddy bear in the front of the room. Tell the students this is the next president that will be discussed. His nickname was “Teddy” and his is the reason we have teddy bears. 7. Discuss the importance of Theodore Roosevelt as it concerns both the natural preservation of America and growth of American power, and how he earned his nickname. 8. Ask students what they know about the Panama Canal in the central American country of Panama. Discuss Theodore Roosevelt’s role in the building of the canal and why it was built there. Then show students a short video of the building of the Panama Canal, found at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WiQU_LiWDL0 9. After watching the video, students will construct their own “canals” using a small amount of sand, water, and cardboard. The students should work in groups of three or four. 10. After building their canals, tell students that during this time, the country’s population was steadily moving into territory the US had set aside and asked Native Americans to stay in. The westward expansion of the country was causing problems for the native populations that already experience settlement problems with colonization. 11. Discuss with students the experience of Native Americans during the late 19th and early 20th century, focusing on finishing schools, reservations (as a way to keep Native Americans under control and make it appear to be giving them freedom), Americanization, and the Battle of Little Big Horn. 12. Allow students to navigate through the battle as either the Cheyenne or Sioux Tribes or the US Forces under Colonel Muster. Use the storyboard provided on http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/storyboards/bighorn.htm to guide students through the battle on the side they choose. Closing Activity: 13. Class will be led in a group discussion about the pros and cons of the American immergence as a superpower under McKinley and T. Roosevelt, the results of the Spanish-American War as linked to the impact on each side, and the Native American experience during westward expansion. Materials: Teacher will need: 1. dollar bills 2. large brown teddy bear 3. sand 4. water 5. cardboard 6. small plastic containers 7. internet access

Resources: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WiQU_LiWDL0 http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/storyboards/bighorn.htm


				
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