"The Council Of Jerusalem 49 AD"
THE COUNCIL OF JERUSALEM 49 AD: THE FIRST CHURCH COUNCIL – EARLY CHRISTIAN COMMUNITIES JEWS OR GENTILES ___________: People who were Jewish ______________: People who were NOT Jewish As the church grew, a serious _______________ arose about who could be _______________ in the _______________ _______________. This was the _______________ important dispute in the history of the Church. In ________________there were many _______________. When they heard about Jesus, they too wanted to be received into the community of Christians. But could Gentiles be followers of Jesus? Should this be _______________? _______________ the _______________ of the Church had a _______________ which greatly troubled him: Acts 10:9-16 9 Peter went up on the flat roof to pray. It was about noon, 10 and he was hungry. But while a meal was being prepared, he fell into a trance. 11 He saw the sky open, and something like a large sheet was let down by its four corners. 12 In the sheet were all sorts of animals, reptiles, and birds. 13 Then a voice said to him, “Get up, Peter; kill and eat them.” 14 “No, Lord,” Peter declared. “I have never eaten anything that our Jewish laws have declared impure and unclean.[a]” 15 But the voice spoke again: “Do not call something unclean if God has made it clean.” 16 The same vision was repeated three times. Then the sheet was suddenly pulled up to heaven. Peter's understanding _______________ came to _______________ that just as it was not up to him to decide what was kosher (Conforming to dietary laws; ritually pure: kosher meat – “clean”) he should _______ ____________who should be _______________ to hear about Jesus. This was a very important decision in the life of the Church because the _______________ of _______________ was for _________ _______________. ACTIVITY: 1. Describe the main issue that arose in Jerusalem. ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Why was this issue so important? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Outline Peter’s vision ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Read the following quote: Acts 10:15 “Do not call something unclean if God has made it clean” What did this mean to Peter the leader of the Christian Church and his fellow Christians? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ THE COUNCIL OF JERUSALEM 49 AD Happened around 49 AD In the scriptures in Acts 15 The _________ council of church leaders that met to _________ ___ _________that was tearing the church apart was around the year 49 AD in Jerusalem. The council was called to solve the problem of whether the ____________ (______ ____________) Christians had to _________ all the laws of the Jewish religion including the circumcision of males. In that time the early Christian church did not see itself as separate from Judaism but as the _______________ of it. After much debate _____________ got up and addressed the council telling them that God had _________ the _________ _________to the new _________converts _________ them being circumcised. Acts 15: 9-10 "God, who knows the heart, showed that he _________ them by giving the _________ _________to them, just as he did to us. He ______ ______discriminate between us and them, for he purified their hearts by _________." _________ then discussed that it was not by following the Jewish ceremonial laws that salvation comes but as the reading from Acts 15:11 says "We believe it is through the _________ of our Lord Jesus that we are _________". (God's Grace: When we speak of God's grace, we mean all the good gifts we enjoy freely in life: unmerited favour from God) Under St. Peter's _____________ this first council of the church followed the ___________ of the _________ _________. Acts 15 The Council at Jerusalem 1 Certain people came down from Judea to Antioch and were teaching the believers: “Unless you are circumcised, according to the custom taught by Moses, you cannot be saved.” 2 This brought Paul and Barnabas into sharp dispute and debate with them. So Paul and Barnabas were appointed, along with some other believers, to go up to Jerusalem to see the apostles and elders about this question. 3 The church sent them on their way, and as they travelled through Phoenicia and Samaria, they told how the Gentiles had been converted. This news made all the believers very glad. 4 When they came to Jerusalem, they were welcomed by the church and the apostles and elders, to whom they reported everything God had done through them. 5 Then some of the believers who belonged to the party of the Pharisees stood up and said, “The Gentiles must be circumcised and required to keep the law of Moses.” 6 The apostles and elders met to consider this question. 7 After much discussion, Peter got up and addressed them: “Brothers, you know that some time ago God made a choice among you that the Gentiles might hear from my lips the message of the gospel and believe. 8 God, who knows the heart, showed that he accepted them by giving the Holy Spirit to them, just as he did to us. 9 He did not discriminate between us and them, for he purified their hearts by faith. 10 Now then, why do you try to test God by putting on the necks of Gentiles a yoke that neither we nor our ancestors have been able to bear? 11 No! We believe it is through the grace of our Lord Jesus that we are saved, just as they are.” 12 The whole assembly became silent as they listened to Barnabas and Paul telling about the signs and wonders God had done among the Gentiles through them. 13 When they finished, James spoke up. “Brothers,” he said, “listen to me. 14 Simon[a] has described to us how God first intervened to choose a people for his name from the Gentiles. 15 The words of the prophets are in agreement with this, as it is written: 16 “‘After this I will return and rebuild David’s fallen tent. Its ruins I will rebuild, and I will restore it, 17 that the rest of mankind may seek the Lord, even all the Gentiles who bear my name, says the Lord, who does these things’[b]— 18 things known from long ago.[c] 19 “It is my judgment, therefore, that we should not make it difficult for the Gentiles who are turning to God. 20 Instead we should write to them, telling them to abstain from food polluted by idols, from sexual immorality, from the meat of strangled animals and from blood. 21 For the law of Moses has been preached in every city from the earliest times and is read in the synagogues on every Sabbath.” ACTIVITY 1. When was the Council of Jerusalem held? ___________________ 2. What was the purpose of the Council of Jerusalem? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. List the issues that were debated at the Council of Jerusalem ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. What are some ways Judaism influenced the development of Christianity? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 5. In your workbooks complete “Test your knowledge” page 43 in FULL sentences