"ROAD LAW IN MALAYSIA"
CHAPTER 5 ROAD LAW IN MALAYSIA CONTENT 5.0 ROAD LAWS AND ACTS 5.1 Understand Road Laws And Acts In Malaysia 5.1.1 Justify The Important Of Acts Enforcement Aspects Related To Roads And Road Laws. 5.1.2 Justify The Purpose Of The Introduction Of Acts Related To Roads. 5.1.3 List Acts Related To Roads: a. Road Transport Act 1976 b. Environment Quality Act 1974 c. Urban And Rural Planning Act 1976 d. Local Government Act 1976 and Federal Territory Act 1973 5.1.4 Explain The History Of Road Laws In Malaysia 5.1.5 State The Purpose Of Drafting The Road Transport Act 1976 5.1.6 State The General Content Of The Road Transport Act 1976 5.1.7 Explain The KEJARA And KESARA Systems 5.1.8 Justify The Purpose Of Drafting Of The Environmental Quality Act 1974 5.19 Explain The Environment Quality Act 1974 From The Aspect Of Air Pollution Resulting From Motorized Vehicles 5.1.10 Explain The Environmental Quality Act 1974 From The Aspect Of Sound Pollution Resulting From Motorized Vehicles INTRODUCTION ROAD TRANSPORT ACT 1987 An Act to make provision for the regulation of motor vehicles and traffic on the streets and other matters connected with roads and vehicles thereon to provide for the protection of third parties against risks arising from the use of vehicles motor: to provide for the coordination and control of the means and facilities for transport, to provide for the coordination and control of the means and facilities for the construction and adaptation of motor vehicles, and to provide for connected purposes. 5.0 Road law in Malaysia Enactment Vehicle Is the first legislation relating to road transport in Malaysia include vehicles such as cars with engines no horse and lance. Traction engines and motor cars Enactment 1912. This legislation covers the engine and motorcar and traffic regulations in the states Malay associated and Enactment of road traffic associated Malay states in 1937 Regulations covering motor vehicles, provisions for the risk. The provisions for use of highways, regulations. Control of public service and commercial vehicles and general rule. Road traffic ordinance(RTO) 1958 Content ordinance: Part I: Definition of the purpose of the ordinance Part II: Classification of registration and licensing of motor vehicles and drivers. Part III: highway code and speed, limiting the entry of certain vehicles in areas, provision of parking and traffic lights from the entrance to the existing roads. Part IV: Insurance coverage for third party use of the vehicle and owner responsibility. Part V: Regulations for commercial transportation (taxi, rental cars and goods vehicles) 5.1 Understand Road Laws And Acts In Malaysia Introduction of road laws and actions in Malaysia is to conduct a thorough research on road safety, and provide direction for activities with respect to research. In addition to assisting in the development of objectives, policies and priorities for the development and administration of national road safety in order. It is also to improve and enhance the knowledge based on the latest developments related to the issues on the road. Besides that, it is to raise public awareness of road safety and to collect, analyze and manage data boxes are on the road. In addition to co-operate with any person, association or organization, with the aim of improving the performance effectively institute. 5.1.1 Justify The Important Of Acts Enforcement Aspects Related To Roads And Road Laws. The importance of law enforcement act is to change the mentality of roads this driver has a tough and arrogant on the road. In addition, to reduce the rate of road accidents and fatalities. Improvement approaches or methods of operations on time depan.bagi reduce the burden of police and JPJ limited. In addition, changes in the enforcement order to be effective in shaping the behavior of drivers, reduce accidents and deaths in this country. Advertise on the importance of wearing seat belts, the purpose of a road safety campaign is also to provide information, awareness and change driving habits, responsibility should be shouldered by the various parties. Children are considered such as bamboo shoots and pliable, compared with adult drivers now have to be bamboo. Therefore difficult to shape them and usually not so obey the traffic rules. This can only be changed by means of intensified enforcement and awareness campaigns. 5.1.2 Justify The Purpose Of The Introduction Of Acts Related To Roads. An Act to provide for the safety of Malaysia, preventive detention, the prevention of subversion, elimination of organized violence against persons and property in certain areas in Malaysia, and for matters incidental thereto. 5.1.3 List Acts Related To Roads Road Transport Act 1976 Environmental Quality Act 1974 Urban and Rural Planning Act, 1976 Local Government Act 1976 and the Federal Territory Act 1973 a. Road Transport Act 1976 The maximum permissible limit of laden weight "means weight as swelling by the Director General as the weight with appropriate capacity for a specific vehicle using the road. "Traffic sign" includes all signals, the signal pole warning, command posts, signal, sign or device erected or Provided at or near the road to knowledge, user or indicate directions to the person using the road. "Parking" means a motor vehicle Bringing That conditions do not move and hire are waiting for any purpose other than to take or "weighing machine" includes a portable weighing machine, static weighing machine and the scales on the move or Computerized electronic b. Environmental Quality Act 1974 The purpose of this act is to prevent, remove, control pollution and improve the environment and matters related thereto. The regulations relating to the road are the regulations of the Environmental Quality. (Control of Lead Concentration in Motor Gasoline) Regulations 1985, restriction on import or manufacture of motor gasolinewith a lead content exceeding 0.4gram/liter and restrictions have motor gasoline containing lead above 0.4gram/liter after January 1, 1986. c. Urban and Rural Planning Act, 1976 Urban and rural planning act 1976 is to controls and regulations for town and country planning in local authorities in Peninsular Malaysia, local authorities responsible for organizing, controlling and planning of land use and building development in the area, the Structure Plan and Local Plan. The definition of the Structure Plan basis of long-term (15 to 20 years) to provided framework for local plan show the area action and interpret national and regional policy. d. Local Government Act 1976 and the Federal Territory Act 1973 Highway" includes a street, square, footway, road, or roads, whether translucent or not the road, on which the public is entitled ago, and the road on a bridge, and also includes a road, footway or road past a small courtyard or street open, used or intended to be used as a way to holding two or more, whether the public has the right and above it or not, and all channels, drains and ditches on the side of any highway shall be deemed part of the highway. "Public place" means any open space, parking, gardens, recreation and pleasure, or field, whether enclosed or not, set apart or appropriated for public use or open to the public at time; 5.1.4 Explain The History Of Road Laws In Malaysia In the days before the existence of an orderly roads, people use small grooves and narrow to get in touch. Beam is then expanded and land reclaimed by stronger forces dependents to provide a surface that is more comfortable and strong. History of the origins of road construction in Malaysia is not clear. However, the development of modern road system in the country is said to begin during the British colonization of ke18 end of the century. Commercial needs and wants to centralize the colonial administration was accelerate road construction in Peninsular Malaysia so as to connect the administrative, commercial, industrial areas, plantation areas and ports. Before independence, all the roads in this country has been built by the British. Road - this road which is fundamental to the modern road system network now. This policy will be the basis for a more systematic approach to the modernization of the transport infrastructure in this country. In 1986 there were 4 million vehicles to 24 000 km long road and this number will increase with the rapid rate each year. 5.1.5 State The Purpose Of Drafting The Road Transport Act 1976 The maximum permissible limit of laden weight "means weight as swelling by the Director General as the weight with appropriate capacity for a specific vehicle using the road. "Traffic sign" includes all signals, the signal pole warning, command posts, signal, sign or device erected or Provided at or near the road to knowledge, user or indicate directions to the person using the road. "Parking" means a motor vehicle Bringing That conditions do not move and hire are waiting for any purpose other than to take or "weighing machine" includes a portable weighing machine, static weighing machine and the scales on the move or Computerized electronic 5.1.6 State The General Content Of The Road Transport Act 1976 This committee was set up in 1974 to review the operation of the drink/drive laws, as it was felt that the impetus of the 1967 Act had been lost. It recommended a streamlining of test procedures (many cases had been lost because these had to be followed to the letter), that breath rather than blood sampling should become the norm, and that the police should be allowed to test at their own discretion. It also recommended a continuing program of publicity and education, and promoted the idea of a high-risk offender scheme. The introduction of the act , Classification, registration and licensing of motor vehicles and drivers , Road construction road , provisions against third party risks and offenses and miscellaneous provisions 5.1.7 Explain The KEJARA And KESARA Systems System kejara is abbreviation of the word offense demerit points penalty system roads. Reserved for drivers who have a CDL drivers license and driving license System of demerit points to drivers of vehicles who commits an offense. The Kejara System is implemented in accordance with Sections 35, 35A, 37 and 38 of the Road Transport Act 1987 and Motor Vehicles (Demerit Points) Rules 1997.The demerit points of a driver will be accumulated in the RTD database (Sikap System) when the driver is convicted by the court or after paying the fine for a scheduled offence that has been committed Purpose system kejara: The purpose system kejara is reduce the road accident rate, Raise awareness of the driver, ensure that drivers comply with road regulations, Create a disciplined driver, responsible and considerate and take action against drivers who commit road traffic offenses. Offences wastes and errors given demerits – demerits Driving or control of a motor vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs - 15 points By reckless or dangerous driving - 15 points Drive with care and do not considerate - 15 points Competition (racing) or trial of speed - 15 points Without reasonable excuse, fails to provide a specimen of breath, blood or urine when required to do so by a police officer - 15 points Failure to obey traffic light - 10 points Exceed the speed limit on a road or parking: More than 40 km / h - 10 points More than 26 km/j-40 km / h - 8 points than 1 km/j-25 km / h - 6 points The offenses in relation to cutting and obstacles during the cut (including deleting the 'Q') - 8 points Failure to give way to an ambulance or fire truck or police vehicle or vehicles customs RTD vehicles - 8 points Offenses committed by drivers pedestrian - 8 points Offenses relating to driving on the left of the road - 8 points Failed to stop at a crossroad - 8 points Neglects to properly control the movement of vehicles (including the use of mobile phones) - 8 points Using motor vehicles on the road is blocked - 5 points Ignore the directions and traffic signals - 5 points Using bald tires - 5 points Crossing the double line (no line break) - 5 points Failed to comply with the conditions attached to the driving license (15A methods Motor Vehicles (Driving Licences 1992): Failure to carry driving license while driving along - 5 points Failure to display a sign at a conspicuous identification according to the diagram These methods - 10 points Failure to ensure that the alcohol content in breath, blood or urine is at 0:00 - 5 points 5.1.8 Justify The Purpose Of Drafting Of The Environmental Quality Act 1974 The purpose of this act is to prevent, remove, control pollution and improve the environment and matters related thereto. The regulations relating to the road are the regulations of the Environmental Quality. (Control of Lead Concentration in Motor Gasoline) Regulations 1985, restriction on import or manufacture of motor gasoline with a lead content exceeding 0.4gram/liter and restrictions have motor gasoline containing lead above 0.4gram/liter after January 1, 1986. 5.19 Explain The Environment Quality Act 1974 From The Aspect Of Air Pollution Resulting From Motorized Vehicles Import restrictions or prevent motor gasoline with lead content exceeding 0.4 grams / liter. Restrictions have lead motor gasoline contain more than 0.4 grams / liter after 1/1/1986. Import restrictions, prevent, represent the motor gasoline with lead content exceeding 0.15 grams / liter after 1.1.90 5.1.10 Explain The Environmental Quality Act 1974 From The Aspect Of Sound Pollution Resulting From Motorized Vehicles Combustion of fuel for vehicles and power plants produce imperfect carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and lead or smoke. Usually smoke released environmental pollution are the most prevalent. Smoke contains carbon particles resulting from the combustion of fuel. When this carbon is abundant in the atmosphere, it can cause water vapor condenses around in the cold weather and forming smog. Other pollutants are acidic gases such as sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides. These gases reacts with oxygen and water vapor to form acid rain down with water as acid rain. This acid rain and other pollutants that give some adverse effects on human health as well as other animals, plants, buildings and climate. Environmental Quality Act 1974 came into force on 1 April 1988. Related besides the clean air, oil palm, rubber, vehicle gas, sewage, and industrial plant material. This Act enforced by the Department of Environment. Summary of Chapter Based on this chapter to learn road laws is to provide knowledge about the act involved in road engineering and transport. The course is knowledge of legal acts and roads in Malaysia. In addition, this chapter also describes the agencies involved in the planning and licensing of road transport. This chapter sets out the Demerit Point System includes the purpose, importance, functions and acts-acts.