Bipolar Disorder - GGHS Psychology by pptfiles

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									Stephen Apaez
Anthony Nong
    Per. 5
   Claimant: 47-year-old female
   Occupation: overnight stocker at big-box retailer, manager at
    breakfast restaurant.
   Education: high school education
   Background: A 47-year-old female with a long history of
    emotional instability and anger management issues. She
    complains of “racing” thoughts and has been under regular
    medical management treatment with a psychologist and
    counselor. My client also reports that she often has fits of anger
    and thoughts of harming herself and others. At the time of the
    hearing, her living arrangements had greatly contributed to her
    stress and emotional instability. She had been living in a room in
    the house of an adult child and the adult child’s spouse. My client
    complained that her child’s spouse often verbally abused her. In
    addition to the emotional issues, my client also has physical
    problems, including back and hip pain.
   Bipolar disorder, sometimes called manic
    depression, is a disorienting condition that causes
    extreme shifts in mood.
   Bipolar disorder is characterized by periods of
    deep, prolonged, and profound depression that
    alternate with periods of an excessively elevated or
    irritable mood known as mania.
   The symptoms of mania include a decreased need
    for sleep, pressured speech, increased libido,
    reckless behavior without regard for consequences,
    grandiosity, and severe thought disturbances,
    which may or may not include psychosis.
   elevated, expansive, or irritable mood;
   racing thoughts
   pressured speech (rapid, excessive speech)
   decreased need for sleep
   grandiose beliefs (for example, feeling like one has
    super powers or superlative talents or faults)
   tangential speech (repeatedly changing topics to
    topics that are hardly related)
   increased goal directed activity
   impulsivity and poor judgment.
   Bipolar disorder often runs in families, and
    researchers believe there is a genetic
    component.
   Some studies suggest that a low or high level of
    a specific neurotransmitter such as serotonin,
    norepinephrine or dopamine is the cause.
   Other studies indicate that an imbalance of
    these substances is the problem, i.e., that a
    specific level of a neurotransmitter is not as
    important as its amount in relation to the other
    neurotransmitters.
   The best treatment for bipolar disorder is a
    combination of medication and counseling.
   Doctors often treat the mania symptoms associated
    with bipolar disorder with one set of drugs, and
    use other drugs to treat depression.
       Certain drugs are also used for "maintenance" -- to
        maintain a steady mood over time.
   Treatment for bipolar disorder most often includes
    a combination of a mood-stabilizing drug and
    psychotherapy.
   Although drug treatment is primary, ongoing
    psychotherapy is important to help patients better
    cope with the condition.
   In any given year, bipolar disorder affects more than
    2% of American adults.
   About 5.7 million U.S. adults are living with bipolar
    disorder.
   Bipolar disorder affects men and women equally, as
    well as all races, ethnic groups, and socioeconomic
    classes.
   April 14, 2011
     Actress Catherine Zeta-Jones has been treated for
       bipolar disorder
   "Bipolar Disorder †“                                  “
                          Case Study #1." Bipolar Disorder â€Case
    Study #1. Web. 05 Mar. 2012. <http://www.georgia-social-
    security-disability.com/case-studies/mental-health-
    conditions/bipolar-disorder-case-study-1/>.
   "Bipolar Disorder: Overview & Facts." WebMD. WebMD.
    Web. 05 Mar. 2012. <http://www.webmd.com/bipolar-
    disorder/guide/bipolar-disorder-overview-facts>.
   "Internet Mental Health." Internet Mental Health. Web. 05
    Mar. 2012. <http://mentalhealth.com/>.
   "MedicineNet.com." MedicineNet. Web. 05 Mar. 2012.
    <http://www.medicinenet.com/bipolar_disorder/article.ht
    m>.
   "TeensHealth." Bipolar Disorder. Web. 05 Mar. 2012.
    <http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/mental_health/bi
    polar.html>.

								
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