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过去分词 Past Participle

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过去分词 Past Participle Powered By Docstoc
					Past participle
过去分词的形式: 动词原形+ed 或done
否定形式:not done
I was touched by the sight.
A watched pot never boils.(心急锅不开)
Study the following sentences:
1. When asked such a queer question, he was at
   a loss how to answer.
2. Don’t laugh at his crippled walk.
3. Father looked at the child with a pleased
   expression.
4. It is the book written by Henry James.
5. They are satisfied with their present job.
6. You are mistaken.
7. He heard his name called.
过去分词的作用:过去分词在句
中可表语、宾语补足语、定语、
和状语,但不能单独作谓语。
(1)过去分词作表语
 He  was sunk in thought.
   The electric wire is broken.
   I’am convinced of his honesty.
 We were surprised at her unique dress.
 The whole world was shocked at the
  news of the Nov.11th accident in 2001 .
 I’m embarrassed to say that this roast
  chicken was uneatable.
 (2)过去分词作宾语补足语
 She felt a great load taken off her mind.
  He heard his name called.
  She still could not make herself understood in
  English.
  He managed to get it done on time.
 The writer made himself known by the novel.
 The fire was reported controlled。(主补)
   She was seen angered at the work.
  注意:使役\致使动词+宾语 +过去分词宾补        意义被动,已经完成;
     过去分词也可以做主语补足语 .
(3)过去分词发作定语
 Half of the guests invited to the reception were
  foreign ambassadors.
  These trucks carry goods exported to foreign
  countries?
  He was a teacher respected by all his students.
 The matter being discussed is of vital importance.
  The man being questioned was a spy.
  He was invited to a meeting to be held the next day.
    These are the machine tools to be imported from
    France.
注意:
过去分词表示一个正在进行的动作,用
being + 过去分词结构;
 过去分词表示一个将来发生的动作,用
 to be + 过去分词结构.
 (4)过去分词 作状语,表示时间、方式、伴随、
  条件等
 Seen from the pagoda, the south foot of the
  Purple Mountain is a sea of trees..
 Overcome with surprise, she was unable to
  utter a word.
 He hurried to the hall, followed by two
  guards.
 He turned away disappointed.
 Given another chance, I’ll do it better.
(10) Useful sentences about the grammar
   Wounded, the soldier still continued to fight.
   United as one, whatever we can do.
   Having been written in haste, the book is far from
    being perfect.
   Seen from the hilltop, the valley looked like a
    wonderland.
   Having been beaten seriously,the enemy retreated .
   The idea put forward aroused great interest among
    us.
   Jane was scolded by the director because he left the
    office with the door unlocked.
Read aloud all
the example
sentences on
each page.

				
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posted:11/28/2012
language:simple
pages:11