Appositive "Chee's Daughter" Skills and Explanations
A word or phrase following a noun that gives the noun another name.
Appositives are set off from the rest of the sentence with commas.
Dr. Benway, my personal physician, was arrested for many offenses.
Capitalization of the Name of a Geographic Area
When you refer to a geographic area, such as "in the South," the area is to be
capitalized. Names of directions (north, south, east, west) are not capitalized if
they refer to the direction.
Irregular Plural of Woman
The plural of the noun woman is women.
Each as Singular
Each is singular and thus takes a singular posessive pronoun (his or her) and
a singular verb.
Predicate Adjectives Day 2
Adjectives which appear after a linking verb are called predicate adjectives because the
form part of the predicate. The words seems, looks etcetera are considered linking verb
and, thus, the modifier following these words should
be an adjective, not an adverb.
A subordinate clause--sometimes called a dependent clause--will begin with a
subordinate conjunction or a relative pronoun and will contain both a subject and a
verb. This combination of words will not form a complete sentence because it will
not form a complete thought. The reader will want additional information to finish
the thought. If it comes at the beginning of the sentence, put a comma after it. If i
comes at the end of a sentence, do not put a comma before it.
Irregular Verb: come
Come is present tense.
Came is past tense.
Sequence of Verb Tenses Day 3
In a sentence with two clauses, the verbs must show simultaneous occurance
or sequence of occurance. If one verb is in the past and another verb occured
before it, the verb that occured first needs to be in the pluperfect or past
perfect tense (using the helping verbs had, has etcetera).
Because she had murdered him, Myron did not come to Sally's party.
Because she murdered him, Myron did not come to Sally's party.
Commonly Confused Words: Its versus It's
Its means belonging to it.
It's means it is.
his NOT hi's
he's = he is
her NOT he'r
she's = she is
its NOT it's
it's = it is
Proper adjectives are adjectives created from proper nouns. As with
proper nouns, proper adjectives need to be capitalized. Nationalities are
(Spanish, French, Hispanic)
Adjectives which appear after a linking verb are called predicate adjectives because
they form part of the predicate. The words seems, looks etcetera are considered linking
verbs and thus, the modifier following these words should
be an adjective, not an adverb.
A sentence fragment is a group of words punctuated like a sentence that is not
a complete thought. In formal writing, sentences should express complete
thoughts. A sentence fragment can also be a sentence missing a subject or
predicate. Correct sentence fragments by connecting them to sentences or by
creating sentences with additional words.
Subject and Verb Agreement
The verb of a sentence should argree in number with the subject.
The dog eat out of that bowl so I wouldn't use it for cereal. Incorrect
The dog eats out of that bowl so I wouldn't use it for cereal. Correct
Do not let words that come between the subject and the verb influence the
number of the verb.
The dog, not the cats, eat my shoes. Incorrect
The dog, not the cats, eats my shoes. Correct
Use of a Colon before a List
One use of a colon is to introduce a list. Make sure not to use a colon
directly after a preposition or a verb. If you wish to use a colon add the words the
following after the verb or preposition.
Into the box, Steve put: severed human limbs, smiley face buttons, and a
stuffed bunny. Incorrect
Into the box, Steve put the following: severed human limbs, smiley face
buttons, and a stuffed bunny. Correct
Sally drove to: the mortuary, the graveyard and the grocery store.Incorrect
Sally drove to the following places: the mortuary, the graveyard and the
grocery store. Correct
Adding -ed to Words Ending in -y
When adding -ed to words ending in -y, change the -y to -i and add -ed.
In English, an infinitive is a verb form created from the word to and a verb.
For example, the infinitive of run is to run. Splitting an infinitive means
putting a word between the to and the verb. Since one cannot literally split an
infinitive in Latin (amare=to love with the -are making the verb an
infinitive), this has become a rule in English.
to swiftly run Incorrect
to run swiftly Correct