Frame story - Ms. Bishop s English 4 Class by wuzhenguang

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									The Middle Ages
    1066-1486
                The Dark Ages?

• This era was not actually dark; the era was
  very vibrant and its people were creative and
  resilient despite war, the plague, and
  oppression.
• Middle Ages brought us: Universities,
  governmental forms, concepts of the world
  and God.
• Most narratives of this time reflect the
  positive aspects of the time
      Adventure, Morality, and Life

• When you hear medieval what do you think
  of?
• Knights, conquests, & battles were the
  foundation for the popular romance literature
  of the era.
• Stories are based on love, betrayal, conquest,
  hope, and desire
• Religious narratives were very significant
                  …Continued
• Religious narratives contained entertaining
  travel adventures with morally instructive
  religious stories.
• Often these stories were allegories
  – Allegory- stories in which literal elements
    represent abstract or moral concepts
• By using allegories, medieval literature
  explored cultural ideas, confirmed values and
  amused audiences.
                   ….Continued
• As the Middle Ages progressed, elements of
  daily life made way into the stories
  – I.E. plague and city living
History in Britain
         • In 1066 William the
           Conqueror becomes King of
           England-he reigns for 5
           years (French)
         • The Normans had control in
           England (heavy French
           influence)
            – There is a combo of Anglo-
              Saxon and Anglo-Norman
              Tradition
         • Henry I was the next
           influential king (1100)
            – 4th son of William the
              Conqueror
• Many wars broke out
   – Caused by power struggles,
     religion, and fights over land
• Henry II becomes king and
  begins to take back control
  of England and begins
  expanding their territory
• Richard I becomes king (The
  Lion Heart)-Made England
  part of the Holy Roman
  Empire
   – Often absent from England
• John-Richard’s younger
  brother and successor
  (1212)
   – Lost much of England’s
     French territories
   – Kept close relations with the
     Pope
• He was very unpopular
   – He raised taxes, getting into
     wars, conflict with the Pope
   – Opposed the Magna Carta-
     conflicts
• Henry III becomes king
  (John’s son)
   – Unsuccessful
• Henry V becomes king
  (1413), then dies of
  dysentery
• Henry VI becomes king but
  goes crazy after losing 100
  Year War in 1453
   – Lack of control cause civil war
     (War of Roses)
• Edward IV dethroned him
  and regained control
• Richard III becomes king
  when Edward dies
   – Ruthless
• Edward I becomes king
  (1272-1307)
   – Regained order and re-
     organized government
• Edward II (his son) was
  unsuccessful
   – Lost power when his wife,
     Queen Isabella and her lover,
     invaded England (she was
     French)
• Edward III (1327-1377)
   – Much more successful-
     regained government order
   – Declared himself rightful heir
     throne (100 year war begins)
   The Great Famine and Black Death
• Famine: 1315-1317
• Killed more than 10% of
  England’s population
  (roughly 500,000
  people)
• The Black Death: The
  bubonic plague
• Killed 1/3-1/2 of the
  English population
Geoffrey Chaucer
        • 1343-1400
        • Father of English
          Literature
        • He was a page as a child
          and young man
        • He did a little bit of
          everything and enjoyed
          experiencing new things
        • Helped out with the
          kings doing various jobs
                     Canterbury Tales
• Written in the late 14th
  century in Middle English
• Written in Iambic
  Pentameter
• Narrator thought to be
  Chaucer
• Collection of stories
• Begins with the Prologue
   – Sets up the framework for the
     rest of the story
   – Frame story: a story within a
     story
• The story is about a group
  of people traveling together
  and telling their story
   – They are going to St Thomas
     Becket’s Shrine in Canterbury
                   Pilgrimages
• Pilgrimage: a
  journey, especially a
  long one, made to
  some sacred place as
  an act of religious
  devotion
• Ex-Pilgrimage to the
  Holy Lands in
  Israel/Palestine or St.
  Peter’s Basilica in Rome

								
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