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STRONG _IRREGULAR_ VERBS - mflresources

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					STRONG (IRREGULAR)
     VERBS
 These are verbs which do not
 form the Past Participle in the
          usual way.
 STRONG (IRREGULAR) VERBS
• DO NOT obey the rules. You have to
  learn their PAST PARTICIPLES by heart.

• Generally they begin with “GE” and end in
  “EN”
    They do not obey the rule:
1. Take the INFINITIVE OF THE VERB
(i.e. the form in the dictionary)
e.g. spielen = to play, basteln = to do DIY
2. Put a “GE” on the front:
   spielen – GEspielen
   basteln – GEbasteln
3. Remove the final “en” or “n” and add a “T”
   GEspielen – GEspielT
   GEbasteln – GEbastelT
 HOW DO I KNOW IF A VERB IS
   STRONG (IRREGULAR)?
• 1. Look the verb up in the
  dictionary:

• 2. Using the MALVERN GUIDE
  dictionary:
     - Look up the verb “to write”
           You will find:
• Write – schreiben v irreg.

This means that schreiben is a verb
 and that it is irregular (or Strong).
   To find the Past Participle of a
       Strong (Irregular) verb:
• 1. Go to the BACK of the Malvern Guide
  dictionary (Page 210) to the Verb Tables.

• 2. Here you will find all the Strong
  (irregular) verbs listed.

• 3. Find “schreiben” (Page 213)
   To find the Past Participle of a
       Strong (Irregular) verb:
• 4. The 1st column is the INFINITIVE form.
• 5. The 2nd column gives the he/she/it form
  in the Present Tense.
• 6. The 3rd column gives the he/she/it form
  in the Imperfect Tense.
• 7. The 4th column gives the he/she/it form
  in the Perfect Tense.
           This is what you want.
• 8. The 5th column gives the English.
  4th Column in the Verb Tables
• This gives the PAST PARTICIPLE of Strong or
  Irregular Verbs.

• If the Past Participle has an * beside it do not
  worry. All that this means is that you say:
                   Ich bin ge somethining
  instead of:      Ich habe ge something

  WE SHALL BE DOING MORE WORK ON THIS
  LATER ON!
     Now try the worksheet:
• MALVERN GUIDE VERB TABLES -
  STRONG (IRREGULAR) VERBS IN THE
  PERFECT TENSE.

• USE THE VERB TABLES TO FIND HOW
  TO WRITE THE VERBS IN THE
  PERFECT TENSE.
REMINDER: Auxiliary Verb “haben”
•   ich habe    I have
•   du hast     You (fam. sing) have
•   er hat      He has
•   sie hat     She has
•   es hat      It has
•   wir haben   We have
•   ihr habt    You (fam. pl.) have
•   sie haben   They have
•   Sie haben   You (polite) have
    RICHTIG ODER FALSCH ?
•   1. Ich habe gebacken.
•   2. Ich habe gebissen.
•   3. Ich habe beschlossen.
•   4. Ich bin geblieben.
•   5. Ich habe gedacht.
•   6. Ich habe gegessen.
    RICHTIG ODER FALSCH ?
•   7. Er hat gelesen.
•   8. Er hat genommen.
•   9. Er hat genannt.
•   10. Er hat gerufen.
•   11. Er hat geschossen.
•   12. Er hat gesehen.
    RICHTIG ODER FALSCH ?
•   13. Wir haben geschlafen.
•   14. Wir haben geschlossen.
•   15. Wir haben geschnitten.
•   16. Wir haben geschrieben.
    RICHTIG ODER FALSCH ?
•   17. Sie haben gesprochen.
•   18. Sie haben vergessen.
•   19. Sie haben versprochen.
•   20. Sie haben verloren.
               ACHTUNG
• Strong or Irregular Verb Past Participles
  usually start in GE and end in EN.

• Just as with Weak or Regular Verbs if they
  start in be, empf, ent, er, miss, ver, zer
  they do not start with a GE.

				
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posted:11/27/2012
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