The Truth About Drugs

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The Truth About Drugs Powered By Docstoc
					1.   What is a drug?
2.   Are Drugs Dangerous? Yes or No
3.   If you answered “yes” to #2 explain why you think
4.   When you take a drug, does it affect your health? If
     yes, how?
5.   When you take a drug, does it affect your ability to
     learn? If yes, how?
6.   What does “drug addiction” mean?
7.   How does a person become addicted to a drug?
8.   If a person becomes addicted to a drug, how does it
     affect his or her life?
9.   If you knew the facts about drugs and what they do
     to you, how would this help you?
 PSA:  They Said/They Lied
 Discussion: Give your view and examples of
  lies or statements you have heard about
 Documentary “The Truth About Drugs”
    Your task is to try and identify at least 2
     statements about drugs that you already know
     and 2 statements about drugs you don’t already
 Discussion
     “Do you have to experience everything yourself
      in order to decide whether you want to get into
      something, or can you learn from other people’s
      experiences to make better choices/”
 Activity
     Think of 1 question you have about drugs and
      write that question on a separate piece of paper.
1.   What do you think is the most important
     information presented in this chapter of
     the documentary? Why?
2.   If you were asked to write a short
     description of this chapter of the
     documentary, what would you say?
3.   What do you think you can learn from other
     people’s experiences with drugs?
 Today’sfocus: Societies drug problem
 What does “culture” mean?
    The beliefs and activities that are common to
     members of a group. Includes ideas that people
     have about art, religion, family, and government,
     their ideas about what is important or valuable,
     how people should act and what people like to
     do for fun or entertainment.
 What   do you think “drug culture” means?
    Refers not only to the lifestyles of people who
     abuse drugs and the modes of dress and behavior
     common to abusers of different types of drugs,
     but also refers to the degree to which drugs have
     invaded so many aspects of our society and have
     influenced our culture in fundamental ways.
 Watch   PSA’s:
    “E”; “Party All Night”; “Love Lost”; “Medicine
     Chest”; “Focus”
 Based on your own experience, what are
 some examples of ideas or actions that are
 part of the drug culture?
 Center    for Disease Control
      An agency of the U.S. Government, with headquarters and
       main laboratories in Atlanta, Georgia. The CDC conducts
       research into the origin and occurrence of diseases and
       develops methods for their control and prevention.
 Rush
      The first surge in sensation felt when smoking or injecting a
       drug, varying in length in length depending on the drug
 Cocktail
      A beverage or solution made up of various drugs.
 How does the problem of drug culture
 directly or indirectly affect you or your
 family or how could it affect you in the
    Examples
        People who drive under the influence of drugs or
         alcohol are posing a danger, not only to themselves,
         but many others as well.
        People who steal or commit other crimes to have
         money to buy drugs make the community unsafe.
       a cartoon-type sketch that depicts
 Create
 some aspect of the drug culture.
    Clearly show a belief, idea or action that is part
     of the drug culture.
 Write down some reasons why you think people
  take drugs.
 PSA’s
       Watch “Popular”.
         Discuss “do you think people take drugs to be cool?”
       Watch “Best High”.
         Discuss “do you think people take drugs to feel
       Watch “Tripping”.
         Discuss “do you think people take drugs to forget their
       Watch “One of The Guys”.
         Discuss “do you think people take drugs to be accepted
          by their friends?”
1.   Give 2 examples of the following
     statement, either from your own
     experience or from one that you invent:
     “The consequences of drug use are always
     worse than the problem one is trying to
     solve with them.
2.   For each of the 2 examples you gave in
     answer to question #1, describe something
     that the person might have done to solve
     the problem that he/she was trying to solve
     with drugs.
 “Just   Once”

 “One    Hit”

 “Stay   Up and Study”

 “Sniffing”
 Poison
    A substance that causes illness, injury or death if
     taken into the body or produced within the body.
 Stimulant
    A drug that increases immediate energy and
     alertness but that is accompanied by increases in
     blood pressure, heart rate and breathing.
 Sedative
    A medicine or drug that calms or makes one
 Drugs     are poisons
    How much you take determines the effect.
 Small amount speeds you up (stimulant)
 Greater amount slows you down (sedative)
 Even greater amount can KILL!
 Directly affect the mind
    Distort perception
        Actions may be odd, irrational, inappropriate, and
         even destructive
    Block off all sensations
        Wipe out alertness and muddy’s one’s thinking.
 Intended to speed up, slow down, or change
  something about how your body is working to
  try and make it work better.
 They are still drugs
      Act as sedatives or stimulants
      Too much can kill you!
 Ifused incorrectly they can be as dangerous
  as illegal drugs.
 Blur   memory, causing blank spots
     Brain becomes a cloudy mess.
 Drugsmake people feel slow and stupid
 causing failures in life.
     The more you fail, the tougher life becomes, and
      the more drugs you want.
 Drugs   destroy creativity.
     Give a false sense of feeling
     With each episode the plunge is lower and lower,
      eventually destroying all creativity.
 Which  of the PSA’s viewed today best shows
  the effects of drugs you have been learning
 Write a short explanation of why you believe
 Grade will not be determined by which PSA
  you choose, but by whether your explanation
  shows you have understood the effects of the
  drugs you learned about in this lesson.
 PSA   “Gateway”
    What did you learn from watching the PSA?

 Documentary:     The Truth About Marijuana
    Do you think marijuana use can lead to harder
   Bronchitis
     An inflammation (irritation, swelling, painful condition) of the
      bronchi, the two branches of the windpipe that carry the air
      into the lungs.
   Gateway Drug
     A drug which when used may lead to the use of more addictive
   High
     Having a temporary false feeling of happiness, with reduced
      physical and mental control, by use of alcohol or a drug.
   Immune System
       Consists of all the organs and processes in the body that
        protect a person from illness and infection.
   Laced
       Added a small amount of a drug or alcohol to something.
   Menstrual Cycle
       In a nonpregnant woman, the discharge of blood and
        other material from the lining of the uterus about
        once a month.
   Panic attack
       A sudden overpowering feeling of fear or anxiety that
        prevents somebody from functioning, often triggered
        by a past or present source of anxiety.
   Potency
       The strength of something such as a drug or alcoholic
   Prenatal
       Existing or happening during pregnancy but before
   Resin
       A semisolid substance that comes from the sap of
        some plants and trees. It is used in varnishes, paints,
        adhesives, inks and medicines
   Respiratory tract
       The passage formed by the mouth, nose, throat and
        lungs, through which air passes during breathing.
   Tolerance
       The natural or developed ability to resist the effects
        of the continued or increasing use of a drug. When
        someone uses a drug or other substance over an
        extended period, they are said to build up a
        tolerance for the effects of the drug.
 Dried flowers, seeds, and leaves of the
  Indian hemp plant.
 Street names
    Mary Jane, astro turf, bhang, dagga, dope,
     ghanja, grass, hemp, home grown, J, pot, reefer,
     weed, roach, and Texas Tea.
 Hashish
    Made from resins of the Indian hemp plant.
    On average 6 times stronger than marijuana.
 Cannabis
    Refers to any drug that comes from the Indian
     hemp plant.
 Hallucinogen
    Substance which distorts how the mind perceives
     the world you live in.
    Chemical that causes the distortion
    Amount in each batch varies, percentage has
     increased drastically in recent years.
 Smoked  as a cigarette (joint)
 Mixed with food and eaten
 Replace tobacco in cigars with marijuana
 When smoking a joint, person feels effects
  within minutes.
    increased heart rate, lessened coordination and
    “dreamy” unreal state of mind that peaks within
     the first 30 minutes of taking.
    Short term effects wear off in 2-3 hours.
 Severe   impact on the smoker’s lungs
    1 joint gives as much exposure to cancer
     producing chemicals as 5 cigarettes.
 Poorer memory and mental aptitude than
 Animals given marijuana by researchers have
  shown signs of structural damage to the
   Sensory distortion            Reduced resistance to
   Panic                          common illnesses.
   Anxiety                       Growth disorders
   Poor coordination of          Increase of abnormally
    movement                       structured cells in the
   Lowered reaction time
                                  Reduction of male sex
   Increased heart rate and       hormone
    risk of heart attack
                                  Reduced sexual capacity
                                  Lack of motivation
                                  Personality and mood
                                  Inability to understand
                                   things clearly
 Answer   the following questions
 1.   Marijuana comes from a plant. True of False?
 2.   Can the use of marijuana lead to harder drugs?
 3.   What are some of the short-term effects of
 4.   What are some of the long-term effects of
 5.   What was the most important thing you learned
      from this lesson and how do you plan to use
      what you have learned?
   Blackout
     A temporary loss of consciousness, sight or memory.
   Delirium Tremens
     A psychotic condition typical of withdrawal in chronic
      alcoholics, involving tremors, hallucinations, anxiety, and
   Dependence
     Having a physical or mental “need” to use a drug or other
      substance regularly, despite the fact that it is likely to have a
      damaging effect.
   High Blood pressure
       The heart must work harder to pump blood through the
        arteries. If condition persists, damage to the heart and blood
        vessels is likely.
   Motor skills
       Dexterity and ease of coordination in the execution of body
   Nerve cells
       Cells that are part of the nervous system and send messages to
        and from the brain.
   Toxicity
       The state of being poisonous to somebody or something.
 PSA   “One of The Guys”

 Documentary:   The Truth About Alcohol
   There is evidence of an early alcoholic drink in China
    around 7000 B.C.
   In India, an alcoholic beverage called sura, distilled
    from rice, was in use between 3000 and 2000 B.C.
   In the 16th Century alcohol (called “spirits”) was used
    largely for medicinal purposes.
   In 1920 the United States passed a law prohibiting the
    manufacture, sale, import, and export of intoxicating
    liquors. The illegal alcohol trade boomed and by 1933,
    the prohibition of alcohol was cancelled.
   Today an estimated 15 million Americans suffer from
    alcoholism and 40% of all car accident deaths in the
    U.S. involve alcohol.
   It is a drug
       Classified as a depressant (slows down vital functions-resulting
        in slurred speech, unsteady movement, and inability to react
   Affects the mind
       Reduces a person’s ability to think rationally and distorts
        his/her judgment.
   A beer or glass of wine creates a stimulant effect
     “Loosens” you up.
     Consume more than body can handle, experience the
      depressant effect.
     Start to feel “stupid” or lose coordination and control.
   Overdose
     Toxicity where body vomits the poison
     Unconsciousness
     Coma or death from severe toxic overdose.

   Kinds of Alcohol
       Ethyl (ethanol)
           the only alcohol used in beverages, is produced by fermentation
            (chemical process where yeast acts upon ingredients in the food,
            creating alcohol) of grains and fruits.
   Fermented drinks such as beer and wine contain from
    2% to 20% alcohol.
   Distilled drinks or liquor, contain 40% to 50% or more
   Beer       2-6% alcohol
   Cider      4-8% alcohol
   Wine       8-20% alcohol
   Tequila    40% alcohol
   Rum        40% or more
   Brandy     40% or more
   Gin        40-47%
   Whiskey    40-50%
   Vodka      40-50%
   Liqueurs   15-60%
   Absorbed into the blood stream via small blood vessels
    in walls of stomach and small intestine.
   Within minutes, travels from stomach to the brain,
    where it quickly produces its effects, slowing the action
    of nerve cells.
   20% is absorbed through the stomach, 80% is absorbed
    through the small intestine.
   The liver eliminates the alcohol from the blood through
    a process called metabolizing
       Liver can only metabolize a certain amount at a time, thus the
        intensity of the effect on the body relates to amount of alcohol
   Cannot cope with alcohol the same way an adult can.
   More harmful to teens because the brain is still
       Drinking during this time can lead to lifelong damage in brain
        function (memory, motor skills, and coordination).
   Young people who begin drinking before age 15 are 4
    times more likely to develop alcohol dependence than
    those who begin drinking at age 21.
   The practice of consuming large quantities of alcohol in
    a single session.
       Defined as 5 or more drinks at one time for a man, or 4 or
        more drinks at one time for a woman.
   90% of alcohol consumed by youth under the age of 21
    in the United States is in the form of binge drinking.
   Consists of 4 symptoms:
       Craving
           a strong need , or compulsion to drink.
       Loss of Control
           inability to limit one’s drinking on any given occasion.
       Physical Dependence
           withdrawal symptoms, such as nausea, sweating, shakiness, and anxiety,
            occur when alcohol use is stopped after a period of heavy drinking.
       Tolerance
               The need to drink greater amounts of alcohol in order to get high.

   Alcoholism is not a destination, but a progression, a
    long road of deterioration in which life continuously
   Alcohol kills more teenagers than all other drugs
    combined. It is a factor in the 3 leading causes of death
    among 15-24 year olds: accidents, homicides and

   Youth who drink are 7.5 times more likely to use other
    illegal drugs and 50 times more likely to use cocaine
    than young people who never drink.

   As many as 40% of violent crimes occur under the
    influence of alcohol.
Short Term            Long Term
   Slurred speech       Unintentional injuries
   Drowsiness           Family problems
    Vomiting            Alcohol poisoning
   Diarrhea             High blood pressure,
   Upset stomach         stroke, and other heart
                          related diseases.
   Headaches
                         Liver disease
   Unconsciousness
                         Sexual problems
   coma
                         Ulcers
                         Cancer of the mouth and
 In groups than no more than 4
 Write a short skit that demonstrates how
  someone’s life could be affected by alcohol.
 Skit should be approximately 2-5 minutes
 Must demonstrate what your group has
  learned about the effects of alcohol during
  this lesson.
 Skits need to be turned in when completed.
 PSA:   “E”

 The   Truth About Ecstasy Documentary
   Amphetamine
       Any of a group of powerful stimulant drugs, often called
        “speed”, that act on the central nervous system, increasing
        heart rate and blood pressure while reducing fatigue.
        Exhaustion and depression follow when effects of the
        amphetamine wear off. Serious mental problems can develop
        from repeated use.
   Convulsion
       A violent shaking of the body or limbs caused by uncontrollable
        muscle contractions, which can be a symptom of brain
        disorders and other conditions.
   Designer drug
       A drug that has been chemically altered to enhance its
        properties or to evade a legal prohibition.
   Dog deworming substance
       A chemical substance used to get rid of worms, parasites that live
        in a dog’s intestines and other tissues.
   Heatstroke
       A condition caused by too long an exposure to high temperatures,
        causing high fever, headaches, hot dry skin, physical exhaustion
        and sometimes physical collapse and coma.
   Hemorrhaging
       Heavy, serious bleeding of the body.
   Kidney failure
       A breakdown or lessening of the performance of the kidneys or an
        occasion when they stop working adequately.
   Nerve ending
       One of the millions of points on the surface of the body and inside
        it that sends messages to the brain, causing people to feel
        sensations such as heat, cold, and pain.
   Nervous system
       All the nerves in the body together with the brain and spinal
   Psychological warfare
       The use of propaganda, threats and other psychological
        techniques to mislead, intimidate, demoralize or otherwise
        influence the thinking or behavior of an opponent.
   UN Office on Drugs and Crime
       Helps countries fight illegal drugs, crime and terrorism.
 In groups of 2 read the following sections
  from The Truth About Ecstasy booklet:
     Dancing with Death
     Do You Really Want to Party?
     What Is Ecstasy?
     Imaginary Love Pill-Off with the Mask
     Consequences of Using Ecstasy
     Short Term Effects
     Long Term Effects
     Can I get Addicted to Ecstasy?
 Write the answers to these questions on a
  sheet of paper.
1. Explain what is unknown about the way an
    Ecstasy tablet is manufactured.
2. Is Ecstasy dangerous to mix with alcohol?
3. Explain what can be the result of Ecstasy
    shutting down the natural alarm signals
    given out by the body.
4. What are some of the short-term effects of
5. What are some of the long-term effects of
1.   Write a short essay on what you got out of
     this lesson and how you plan to use what
     you have learned.
   Delirium
       A state marked by extreme restlessness, confusion, and
        sometimes hallucinations, caused by fever, poisoning or brain
   Dilated
       Enlarged, usually describing the pupils of the eyes.
   Edginess
       A state of being nervous and anxious and likely to lose control.
   Erratic
       Unpredictable and unstable.
   Euphoria
       A feeling of great joy, excitement or well-being.
   Hallucination
       The perception of somebody or something that is not really
        there, which is often a response to some drugs.
   Hyper-excitability
       Hyper means excessive, unusually high. Hyper-excitability
        means unusually high excitability (nervous and liable to
        become quickly excited).
   Hyper-stimulation
       Unusually stimulated (to cause physical activity in something
        such as a nerve or an organ).
   Methamphetamine
       Highly addictive central nervous system stimulant; an illegal,
        man-made synthetic drug in the same class as cocaine and
        other powerful street drugs.
   Narcotic
       A drug affecting the CNS which can cause dizziness, euphoria,
        loss of memory, lack of coordination and unconsciousness.
   Respiratory failure
       Lessening or breakdown of the ability to breathe oxygen into
        the body.
   Sleep deprivation
       Not having or being prevented from having sufficient sleep.
   Stroke
       A sudden blockage or rupture of a blood vessel in the brain
        resulting in, for example, loss of consciousness, partial loss of
        movement or loss of speech.
   Tactile
       Relating to or used for the sense of touch.
 PSA:   Party all Night

 Documentary:     The Truth About Cocaine
 What    is Cocaine?

A   Deadly White Powder

 Why    is Cocaine So Highly Addictive?

 Effects   of Cocaine

 Short   Term Effects

 Long   Term Effects
***Take out a sheet of paper
   and prepare for a quiz on
Matching               a)   Drug affecting the Central
                            Nervous System causing
1.   Delirium          b)   Relating to the sense of
2.   Narcotic          c)   A state marked by extreme
3.   Stroke                 restlessness, confusion.
                            Caused by fever, poisoning,
4.   Erratic                or brain injury.
5.   Dilated           d)   Highly addictive stimulant
6.   Methamphetamine        drug.
7.   Tactile           e)   Enlarged
                       f)   Sudden blockage or rupture
                            of a blood vessel in the
                       g)   Unpredictable or unstable
8.        What was cocaine originally developed for?
     a.    to get high
     b.    Painkiller
     c.    Child birth
     d.    To increase muscle mass
9.        True or False: If a mother uses cocaine
          during pregnancy, the child can have severe
          birth defects and become addicted?
10.       Name 1 street name for cocaine.
   Auditory
       Related to hearing
   Blood vessel
       Any of the veins that transport blood through the body.
   Mood disturbance
       Disturbances in a person’s emotional life. Including feeling of
        sadness, hopelessness and worthless, complaints of physical pain,
        and changes in appetite, sleep patterns and energy levels.
   Reproductive damage
       Damage caused to the parts of the body having to do with the
        production of children.
   Tactile hallucinations
       Tactile means having to do with the sense of touch. Tactile
        hallucination is when someone experiences some perception
        related to touch when it is not really there.
 PSA:   Love Lost

 Documentary:       The Truth About Crack
 What   is Crack Cocaine?

 Why   is Crack So Highly Addictive?

 Effects   of Crack Cocaine

 Physical   and Mental Effects
   What is the one thing that separates the “winners”
    from the “losers”?
       Action does
       Ideas don’t matter  acting on them do.
       Intelligence doesn’t matter  applied intelligence does.
       Talent doesn’t matter  utilized talent does.
       If you want to achieve anything, there will be a
        “journey” to get you to your desired destination.
       You’ll never get there sitting on your rear end. You need
        to start stepping…..Are YOU?
   Question To Answer
       After reading this quote, what do you feel you need to
        do today to ensure you are a “winner” and not a “loser”
        in life?

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