1. What is a drug?
2. Are Drugs Dangerous? Yes or No
3. If you answered “yes” to #2 explain why you think
4. When you take a drug, does it affect your health? If
5. When you take a drug, does it affect your ability to
learn? If yes, how?
6. What does “drug addiction” mean?
7. How does a person become addicted to a drug?
8. If a person becomes addicted to a drug, how does it
affect his or her life?
9. If you knew the facts about drugs and what they do
to you, how would this help you?
PSA: They Said/They Lied
Discussion: Give your view and examples of
lies or statements you have heard about
Documentary “The Truth About Drugs”
Your task is to try and identify at least 2
statements about drugs that you already know
and 2 statements about drugs you don’t already
“Do you have to experience everything yourself
in order to decide whether you want to get into
something, or can you learn from other people’s
experiences to make better choices/”
Think of 1 question you have about drugs and
write that question on a separate piece of paper.
1. What do you think is the most important
information presented in this chapter of
the documentary? Why?
2. If you were asked to write a short
description of this chapter of the
documentary, what would you say?
3. What do you think you can learn from other
people’s experiences with drugs?
**TURN IN HOMEWORK FROM LESSON
Today’sfocus: Societies drug problem
What does “culture” mean?
The beliefs and activities that are common to
members of a group. Includes ideas that people
have about art, religion, family, and government,
their ideas about what is important or valuable,
how people should act and what people like to
do for fun or entertainment.
What do you think “drug culture” means?
Refers not only to the lifestyles of people who
abuse drugs and the modes of dress and behavior
common to abusers of different types of drugs,
but also refers to the degree to which drugs have
invaded so many aspects of our society and have
influenced our culture in fundamental ways.
“E”; “Party All Night”; “Love Lost”; “Medicine
Based on your own experience, what are
some examples of ideas or actions that are
part of the drug culture?
Center for Disease Control
An agency of the U.S. Government, with headquarters and
main laboratories in Atlanta, Georgia. The CDC conducts
research into the origin and occurrence of diseases and
develops methods for their control and prevention.
The first surge in sensation felt when smoking or injecting a
drug, varying in length in length depending on the drug
A beverage or solution made up of various drugs.
How does the problem of drug culture
directly or indirectly affect you or your
family or how could it affect you in the
People who drive under the influence of drugs or
alcohol are posing a danger, not only to themselves,
but many others as well.
People who steal or commit other crimes to have
money to buy drugs make the community unsafe.
a cartoon-type sketch that depicts
some aspect of the drug culture.
Clearly show a belief, idea or action that is part
of the drug culture.
**TURN IN HOMEWORK FROM LESSON
Write down some reasons why you think people
Discuss “do you think people take drugs to be cool?”
Watch “Best High”.
Discuss “do you think people take drugs to feel
Discuss “do you think people take drugs to forget their
Watch “One of The Guys”.
Discuss “do you think people take drugs to be accepted
by their friends?”
1. Give 2 examples of the following
statement, either from your own
experience or from one that you invent:
“The consequences of drug use are always
worse than the problem one is trying to
solve with them.
2. For each of the 2 examples you gave in
answer to question #1, describe something
that the person might have done to solve
the problem that he/she was trying to solve
“Stay Up and Study”
A substance that causes illness, injury or death if
taken into the body or produced within the body.
A drug that increases immediate energy and
alertness but that is accompanied by increases in
blood pressure, heart rate and breathing.
A medicine or drug that calms or makes one
Drugs are poisons
How much you take determines the effect.
Small amount speeds you up (stimulant)
Greater amount slows you down (sedative)
Even greater amount can KILL!
Directly affect the mind
Actions may be odd, irrational, inappropriate, and
Block off all sensations
Wipe out alertness and muddy’s one’s thinking.
Intended to speed up, slow down, or change
something about how your body is working to
try and make it work better.
They are still drugs
Act as sedatives or stimulants
Too much can kill you!
Ifused incorrectly they can be as dangerous
as illegal drugs.
Blur memory, causing blank spots
Brain becomes a cloudy mess.
Drugsmake people feel slow and stupid
causing failures in life.
The more you fail, the tougher life becomes, and
the more drugs you want.
Drugs destroy creativity.
Give a false sense of feeling
With each episode the plunge is lower and lower,
eventually destroying all creativity.
Which of the PSA’s viewed today best shows
the effects of drugs you have been learning
Write a short explanation of why you believe
Grade will not be determined by which PSA
you choose, but by whether your explanation
shows you have understood the effects of the
drugs you learned about in this lesson.
What did you learn from watching the PSA?
Documentary: The Truth About Marijuana
Do you think marijuana use can lead to harder
An inflammation (irritation, swelling, painful condition) of the
bronchi, the two branches of the windpipe that carry the air
into the lungs.
A drug which when used may lead to the use of more addictive
Having a temporary false feeling of happiness, with reduced
physical and mental control, by use of alcohol or a drug.
Consists of all the organs and processes in the body that
protect a person from illness and infection.
Added a small amount of a drug or alcohol to something.
In a nonpregnant woman, the discharge of blood and
other material from the lining of the uterus about
once a month.
A sudden overpowering feeling of fear or anxiety that
prevents somebody from functioning, often triggered
by a past or present source of anxiety.
The strength of something such as a drug or alcoholic
Existing or happening during pregnancy but before
A semisolid substance that comes from the sap of
some plants and trees. It is used in varnishes, paints,
adhesives, inks and medicines
The passage formed by the mouth, nose, throat and
lungs, through which air passes during breathing.
The natural or developed ability to resist the effects
of the continued or increasing use of a drug. When
someone uses a drug or other substance over an
extended period, they are said to build up a
tolerance for the effects of the drug.
Dried flowers, seeds, and leaves of the
Indian hemp plant.
Mary Jane, astro turf, bhang, dagga, dope,
ghanja, grass, hemp, home grown, J, pot, reefer,
weed, roach, and Texas Tea.
Made from resins of the Indian hemp plant.
On average 6 times stronger than marijuana.
Refers to any drug that comes from the Indian
Substance which distorts how the mind perceives
the world you live in.
Chemical that causes the distortion
Amount in each batch varies, percentage has
increased drastically in recent years.
Smoked as a cigarette (joint)
Mixed with food and eaten
Replace tobacco in cigars with marijuana
When smoking a joint, person feels effects
increased heart rate, lessened coordination and
“dreamy” unreal state of mind that peaks within
the first 30 minutes of taking.
Short term effects wear off in 2-3 hours.
Severe impact on the smoker’s lungs
1 joint gives as much exposure to cancer
producing chemicals as 5 cigarettes.
Poorer memory and mental aptitude than
Animals given marijuana by researchers have
shown signs of structural damage to the
Sensory distortion Reduced resistance to
Panic common illnesses.
Anxiety Growth disorders
Poor coordination of Increase of abnormally
movement structured cells in the
Lowered reaction time
Reduction of male sex
Increased heart rate and hormone
risk of heart attack
Reduced sexual capacity
Lack of motivation
Personality and mood
Inability to understand
Answer the following questions
1. Marijuana comes from a plant. True of False?
2. Can the use of marijuana lead to harder drugs?
3. What are some of the short-term effects of
4. What are some of the long-term effects of
5. What was the most important thing you learned
from this lesson and how do you plan to use
what you have learned?
A temporary loss of consciousness, sight or memory.
A psychotic condition typical of withdrawal in chronic
alcoholics, involving tremors, hallucinations, anxiety, and
Having a physical or mental “need” to use a drug or other
substance regularly, despite the fact that it is likely to have a
High Blood pressure
The heart must work harder to pump blood through the
arteries. If condition persists, damage to the heart and blood
vessels is likely.
Dexterity and ease of coordination in the execution of body
Cells that are part of the nervous system and send messages to
and from the brain.
The state of being poisonous to somebody or something.
PSA “One of The Guys”
Documentary: The Truth About Alcohol
There is evidence of an early alcoholic drink in China
around 7000 B.C.
In India, an alcoholic beverage called sura, distilled
from rice, was in use between 3000 and 2000 B.C.
In the 16th Century alcohol (called “spirits”) was used
largely for medicinal purposes.
In 1920 the United States passed a law prohibiting the
manufacture, sale, import, and export of intoxicating
liquors. The illegal alcohol trade boomed and by 1933,
the prohibition of alcohol was cancelled.
Today an estimated 15 million Americans suffer from
alcoholism and 40% of all car accident deaths in the
U.S. involve alcohol.
It is a drug
Classified as a depressant (slows down vital functions-resulting
in slurred speech, unsteady movement, and inability to react
Affects the mind
Reduces a person’s ability to think rationally and distorts
A beer or glass of wine creates a stimulant effect
“Loosens” you up.
Consume more than body can handle, experience the
Start to feel “stupid” or lose coordination and control.
Toxicity where body vomits the poison
Coma or death from severe toxic overdose.
Kinds of Alcohol
the only alcohol used in beverages, is produced by fermentation
(chemical process where yeast acts upon ingredients in the food,
creating alcohol) of grains and fruits.
Fermented drinks such as beer and wine contain from
2% to 20% alcohol.
Distilled drinks or liquor, contain 40% to 50% or more
Beer 2-6% alcohol
Cider 4-8% alcohol
Wine 8-20% alcohol
Tequila 40% alcohol
Rum 40% or more
Brandy 40% or more
Absorbed into the blood stream via small blood vessels
in walls of stomach and small intestine.
Within minutes, travels from stomach to the brain,
where it quickly produces its effects, slowing the action
of nerve cells.
20% is absorbed through the stomach, 80% is absorbed
through the small intestine.
The liver eliminates the alcohol from the blood through
a process called metabolizing
Liver can only metabolize a certain amount at a time, thus the
intensity of the effect on the body relates to amount of alcohol
Cannot cope with alcohol the same way an adult can.
More harmful to teens because the brain is still
Drinking during this time can lead to lifelong damage in brain
function (memory, motor skills, and coordination).
Young people who begin drinking before age 15 are 4
times more likely to develop alcohol dependence than
those who begin drinking at age 21.
The practice of consuming large quantities of alcohol in
a single session.
Defined as 5 or more drinks at one time for a man, or 4 or
more drinks at one time for a woman.
90% of alcohol consumed by youth under the age of 21
in the United States is in the form of binge drinking.
Consists of 4 symptoms:
a strong need , or compulsion to drink.
Loss of Control
inability to limit one’s drinking on any given occasion.
withdrawal symptoms, such as nausea, sweating, shakiness, and anxiety,
occur when alcohol use is stopped after a period of heavy drinking.
The need to drink greater amounts of alcohol in order to get high.
Alcoholism is not a destination, but a progression, a
long road of deterioration in which life continuously
Alcohol kills more teenagers than all other drugs
combined. It is a factor in the 3 leading causes of death
among 15-24 year olds: accidents, homicides and
Youth who drink are 7.5 times more likely to use other
illegal drugs and 50 times more likely to use cocaine
than young people who never drink.
As many as 40% of violent crimes occur under the
influence of alcohol.
Short Term Long Term
Slurred speech Unintentional injuries
Drowsiness Family problems
Vomiting Alcohol poisoning
Diarrhea High blood pressure,
Upset stomach stroke, and other heart
Cancer of the mouth and
In groups than no more than 4
Write a short skit that demonstrates how
someone’s life could be affected by alcohol.
Skit should be approximately 2-5 minutes
Must demonstrate what your group has
learned about the effects of alcohol during
Skits need to be turned in when completed.
The Truth About Ecstasy Documentary
Any of a group of powerful stimulant drugs, often called
“speed”, that act on the central nervous system, increasing
heart rate and blood pressure while reducing fatigue.
Exhaustion and depression follow when effects of the
amphetamine wear off. Serious mental problems can develop
from repeated use.
A violent shaking of the body or limbs caused by uncontrollable
muscle contractions, which can be a symptom of brain
disorders and other conditions.
A drug that has been chemically altered to enhance its
properties or to evade a legal prohibition.
Dog deworming substance
A chemical substance used to get rid of worms, parasites that live
in a dog’s intestines and other tissues.
A condition caused by too long an exposure to high temperatures,
causing high fever, headaches, hot dry skin, physical exhaustion
and sometimes physical collapse and coma.
Heavy, serious bleeding of the body.
A breakdown or lessening of the performance of the kidneys or an
occasion when they stop working adequately.
One of the millions of points on the surface of the body and inside
it that sends messages to the brain, causing people to feel
sensations such as heat, cold, and pain.
All the nerves in the body together with the brain and spinal
The use of propaganda, threats and other psychological
techniques to mislead, intimidate, demoralize or otherwise
influence the thinking or behavior of an opponent.
UN Office on Drugs and Crime
Helps countries fight illegal drugs, crime and terrorism.
In groups of 2 read the following sections
from The Truth About Ecstasy booklet:
Dancing with Death
Do You Really Want to Party?
What Is Ecstasy?
Imaginary Love Pill-Off with the Mask
Consequences of Using Ecstasy
Short Term Effects
Long Term Effects
Can I get Addicted to Ecstasy?
Write the answers to these questions on a
sheet of paper.
1. Explain what is unknown about the way an
Ecstasy tablet is manufactured.
2. Is Ecstasy dangerous to mix with alcohol?
3. Explain what can be the result of Ecstasy
shutting down the natural alarm signals
given out by the body.
4. What are some of the short-term effects of
5. What are some of the long-term effects of
1. Write a short essay on what you got out of
this lesson and how you plan to use what
you have learned.
A state marked by extreme restlessness, confusion, and
sometimes hallucinations, caused by fever, poisoning or brain
Enlarged, usually describing the pupils of the eyes.
A state of being nervous and anxious and likely to lose control.
Unpredictable and unstable.
A feeling of great joy, excitement or well-being.
The perception of somebody or something that is not really
there, which is often a response to some drugs.
Hyper means excessive, unusually high. Hyper-excitability
means unusually high excitability (nervous and liable to
become quickly excited).
Unusually stimulated (to cause physical activity in something
such as a nerve or an organ).
Highly addictive central nervous system stimulant; an illegal,
man-made synthetic drug in the same class as cocaine and
other powerful street drugs.
A drug affecting the CNS which can cause dizziness, euphoria,
loss of memory, lack of coordination and unconsciousness.
Lessening or breakdown of the ability to breathe oxygen into
Not having or being prevented from having sufficient sleep.
A sudden blockage or rupture of a blood vessel in the brain
resulting in, for example, loss of consciousness, partial loss of
movement or loss of speech.
Relating to or used for the sense of touch.
PSA: Party all Night
Documentary: The Truth About Cocaine
What is Cocaine?
A Deadly White Powder
Why is Cocaine So Highly Addictive?
Effects of Cocaine
Short Term Effects
Long Term Effects
***Take out a sheet of paper
and prepare for a quiz on
Matching a) Drug affecting the Central
Nervous System causing
1. Delirium b) Relating to the sense of
2. Narcotic c) A state marked by extreme
3. Stroke restlessness, confusion.
Caused by fever, poisoning,
4. Erratic or brain injury.
5. Dilated d) Highly addictive stimulant
6. Methamphetamine drug.
7. Tactile e) Enlarged
f) Sudden blockage or rupture
of a blood vessel in the
g) Unpredictable or unstable
8. What was cocaine originally developed for?
a. to get high
c. Child birth
d. To increase muscle mass
9. True or False: If a mother uses cocaine
during pregnancy, the child can have severe
birth defects and become addicted?
10. Name 1 street name for cocaine.
Related to hearing
Any of the veins that transport blood through the body.
Disturbances in a person’s emotional life. Including feeling of
sadness, hopelessness and worthless, complaints of physical pain,
and changes in appetite, sleep patterns and energy levels.
Damage caused to the parts of the body having to do with the
production of children.
Tactile means having to do with the sense of touch. Tactile
hallucination is when someone experiences some perception
related to touch when it is not really there.
PSA: Love Lost
Documentary: The Truth About Crack
What is Crack Cocaine?
Why is Crack So Highly Addictive?
Effects of Crack Cocaine
Physical and Mental Effects
What is the one thing that separates the “winners”
from the “losers”?
Ideas don’t matter acting on them do.
Intelligence doesn’t matter applied intelligence does.
Talent doesn’t matter utilized talent does.
If you want to achieve anything, there will be a
“journey” to get you to your desired destination.
You’ll never get there sitting on your rear end. You need
to start stepping…..Are YOU?
Question To Answer
After reading this quote, what do you feel you need to
do today to ensure you are a “winner” and not a “loser”