Eugene Kozera - Red River Basin Commission by wuzhenguang

VIEWS: 1 PAGES: 44

									 HYDRODYNAMIC
    MODELING
      in the
RED RIVER VALLEY
   Manitoba Water Branch

        Eugene Kozera

                           Manitoba
                           Conservation
                            Water Branch
                            Water Branch
1997 Red River Flood




                       Manitoba
                       Conservation
                        Water Branch
                        Water Branch
1997 flood: satellite image
                     Winnipeg



                                   ‘Lake’
                                   over 20
                                   miles wide




      Manitoba           Emerson   Manitoba
                                   Conservation
      North Dakota                  Water Branch
                                    Water Branch
1997 flood: affect of roads




 May 1, 1997                  Manitoba
                              Conservation
                               Water Branch
                               Water Branch
1997 flood: affect of roads
1997 Red River Flood




                       Manitoba
                       Conservation
                        Water Branch
                        Water Branch
1997 flood: affect of roads
                                  WINNIPEG

West Dike
                     Original
Extension                                       771.1
                     West Dike

                                                 St. Adolphe
      Brunkild
                                      777.7    776.5
            783.3       778.4     778.9       Ste. Agathe
   May 2                    781
Flooded Area
                 Rosenort
  May 2               783

 Observed                                          Manitoba


  Levels             Morris                        Conservation
                                                    Water Branch
                       783.1                        Water Branch
1997 flood: peak water levels




       786
          .0




          788.4


                                Manitoba
                                Conservation
                                 Water Branch
                                 Water Branch
1997 forecast points




                                                                                                                                                                          er
                                                                                     As




                                                                                                                                                                       Riv
                                                                                       sin
                                                                                          ibo
                                                                                             ine

                                                                                                                                           River




                                                                                                                                                                 Red
                Elm Creek          Channel



                                Bryson   Drain          E.
                                                                                                                                                                              Riv
                                                                                                                                                                            d ay
                                                                                                                                                                          Re odw
                                                                                                                                                                                 er
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Or here?
                                                                                                                                                                          Flo
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Seine
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Riv
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 er

                                                                                             La
                                                                                                Sa
                                                                                                  lle                                                                                Floodway Inlet
                                                                                                                                                                                  Seine             River         Diversion




                                                                                                                                Riv
                                                                                                                                   er
                                                                                                                                                                                 St. Adolphe




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ma
                                                                                                                                                                                                      nn
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ing
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Ca
                                                                                                                                                                                                                na
                                                      11 - A Drain                                                                                                                                                l



                                                 Norquay         Channel                   Brunkild                                                                             D - 20      Drain


                                                                                                                                                                       Ste. Agathe       Tourond Creek


                                                                                                                                                                                      Rat
                                                                                                        Mo

                                                         Rosenort




                                                                                                                                                                                              R.
                                                                                                          rris




                                                                                               rris
                                                                                                      R.
                                                                                             Mo
                                                                                             L.




                                                                                                                                           er
                                                                                                                                        Riv
                                                                                                                 Riv
                                                                                                                    er

                      Tobacco                    Creek



     What are                      Cr ee k




                                                                                                                                   d
                                                                                                                                 Re
                            am
                          ah
                        Gr
                                             Creek
                            non                                             Creek

                                                                                       Morris
                         Shan
  forecast levels




                                                                                                                                                            r
                                                                                                                                                  rsh Ri ve
                                          n
                                        no
                                    Sh
                                      an
                                                                                                                                        St. Jean Baptiste




                                                                                                                                                Ma
                                                                                     Deadhorse Creek



      here?



                                                                                                                             .
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Or here?



                                                                                                                            R
                    Deadhorse




                                                                                                                         Plum
                                             Cre
                                                ek
                                                                        Drain                                                                                                         River
                                                             Hespeler
                                                                                                                                                Roseau River




                                                                                                                                                        Ro
                                                                                                                                                          se
                                                                                                                                                            au
                                                                                        Letellier
                                                     Drain
                                                                                                                                                    Dominion City
                                           eim




                                                                                Ck
                                         nh
                                       se
                                     Ro




                                                                                                                                                                         Ma
                                                                                                                                                                           in
                                                                                                                                                                                Dr
                                                                      alo




                                                                                                                                                                                 .
                                                                  Buff

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Manitoba
                                                                                                      Emerson                                                                                             Conservation
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Water Branch
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Water Branch
MIKE-11 model



  For Manitoba only



    For large floods
   (1996 and larger)




                       Manitoba
                       Conservation
                        Water Branch
                        Water Branch
MIKE-11 model: roads
                  Winnipeg




                                 Manitoba
       Manitoba                  Conservation
                       Emerson    Water Branch
                                  Water Branch
MIKE-11 model: roads




                       Manitoba
                       Conservation
                        Water Branch
                        Water Branch
MIKE-11 model: branches
                  Winnipeg




                                 Manitoba
       Manitoba        Emerson   Conservation
                                  Water Branch
                                  Water Branch
MIKE-11 model: branches
                  Winnipeg




                                Manitoba

       Manitoba       Emerson   Conservation
                                 Water Branch
                                 Water Branch
MIKE-11 model: branches
                  Winnipeg




                                  Manitoba
       Manitoba         Emerson   Conservation
                                   Water Branch
                                   Water Branch
  MIKE-11 model: inflows & structures
                                  Floodway      Seine R.




                    Mo
                                    gates




                      rris
                                               Seine R




                           R.
                                                         . Div.




                                               Rat R.


Culverts   Shannon Cr.                              Major
           Deadhorse Cr.                           culverts
                             r.
                       falo C
                    Buf                      Marsh R.




                                                    Manitoba
                                                    Conservation
                                                     Water Branch
                                                     Water Branch
                      Lake Winnipeg




 Red_City
  branch
                                      Floodway
           Winnipeg
                                       branch

Floodway
  gates




                          Emerson
MIKE-11 model: south end
                        Winnipeg




        Manitoba
         North Dakota     ?   ?   ?   ?

                                          Manitoba
                                          Conservation
                                           Water Branch
                                           Water Branch
Manitoba




    North
   Dakota   Minnesota




              Grand Forks
Manitoba

                 a R.
           Pembin


                                         Tw
                                           oR
                                             .




                              .
                        Park R

       North
       Dakota
                                .
                           est R
                        For              Sn
                                           ake
                                               R.
                                  .
                            rtle R
                          Tu




                                      at G
                                       Red rks
                                          rFo
                                           R.
MIKE-11 model: visualizing results




                               Manitoba
                                        Animation
                               Conservation
                                Water Branch
                                Water Branch
Forecasting in large flood




                                                                                                                                                                           er
                                                                                      As




                                                                                                                                                                        Riv
                                                                                        sin
                                                                                           ibo
                                                                                              ine

                                                                                                                                            River




                                                                                                                                                                  Red
                  Elm Creek         Channel



                                 Bryson   Drain          E.
                                                                                                                                                                               Riv
                                                                                                                                                                             d ay
                                                                                                                                                                           Re odw
                                                                                                                                                                                  er
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       And here
                                                                                                                                                                           Flo
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Seine
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Riv
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  er

                                                                                              La
                                                                                                 Sa
                                                                                                   lle                                                                                Floodway Inlet
                                                                                                                                                                                   Seine             River         Diversion

                                                                                                                                                                                      St. Adolphe




                                                                                                                                 Riv
                                                                                                                                    er




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Ma
                                                                                                                                                                                                       nn
                                                                                                                                                                                                         ing
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Ca
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 na
                                                       11 - A Drain                                                                                                                                                l



                                                  Norquay         Channel
                                                                                                                                                                                  Ste. Agathe
                                                                                                                                                                                 D - 20      Drain


                                                                                              Brunkild                                                                                    Tourond Creek


                                                                                                                                                                                       Rat
                                                                                                         Mo




                                                                                                                                                                                               R.
                                                                                                           rris




                                                                                                rris
                                                                                                       R.
                                                                                              Mo
                                                                                              L.




                                                                                                                                            er
                                                                                                                          Rosenort




                                                                                                                                         Riv
                                                                                                                  Riv
                                                                                                                     er

                       Tobacco                    Creek
                                    Cr ee k




                                                                                                                                    d
                                                                                                                                  Re
                             am
                           ah
                         Gr
                                              Creek
                              non                                            Creek

                                                                                         Morris
                          Shan
    Levels here




                                                                                                                                                             r
                                                                                                                                                   rsh Ri ve
                                           n
                                         no
                                     Sh
                                       an
                                                                                                                                         St. Jean Baptiste




                                                                                                                                                 Ma
                                                                                      Deadhorse Creek




                                                                                                                              .
                                                                                                                                                                                                               And here



                                                                                                                             R
                     Deadhorse




                                                                                                                          Plum
                                              Cre
                                                 ek
                                                                         Drain                                                                                                         River
                                                              Hespeler
                                                                                                                                                 Roseau River




                                                                                                                                                         Ro
                                                                                                                                                           se
                                                                                          Letellier




                                                                                                                                                             au
                                                      Drain
                                                                                                                                                     Dominion City
                                            eim




                                                                                 Ck
                                          nh
                                        se
                                      Ro




                                                                                                                                                                          Ma
                                                                                                                                                                            in
                                                                                                                                                                                 Dr
                                                                       alo




                                                                                                                                                                                  .
                                                                   Buff

                                                                                                                                                                                                           Manitoba
                                                                                                       Emerson                                                                                             Conservation
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Water Branch
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Water Branch
Modelling 1826 flood




                       Manitoba
                       Conservation
                        Water Branch
                        Water Branch
                   Profiles of 1997 and 1826 floods
                   800




                                                     St. Jean Baptiste
                                         Letellier
                   795
                                                                                           1826 - sized Flood




                               Emerson




                                                                         Morris
                   790
Water Level (ft)




                                                                                     Aubigny



                                                                                                Ste.Agathe




                                                                                                                             FloodwayInlet
                                                                                                                St.Adolphe
                   785


                                  1997 Flood
                   780


                   775


                   770
                         110                         150                                                     190
                                                                                                              Manitoba
                                                                                  Distance                    Conservation
                                                                                                               Water Branch
                                                                                                               Water Branch
Information on the Internet:

            www. gov.mb.ca/conservation/watres




                                             Manitoba
                                             Conservation
                                              Water Branch
                                              Water Branch
Information on the Internet:




                               F


               F
                F
                               Manitoba
                               Conservation
                                Water Branch
                                Water Branch
  Affect of ring dikes & individual works
                                    Winnipeg
                                                    Grande Pointe
  Results                                        St. Mary’s Rd.
 10 ring dikes                                   St. Adolphe
                                   Glenlea        extension
 most: 0.1 ft.,
                                                    Niverville
maximum: 0.4 ft.
                        Osborne                Ste. Agathe

 10 ring dikes +     Rosenort                Aubigny
1,378 pads/dikes       Riverside
maximum: 0.7 ft.                                          Also 1,378
                                                        individual dikes
    conservatively
                                                           and pads
        high


                   Manitoba                    west Emerson    Manitoba
                                                               Conservation
                   North Dakota                                 Water Branch
                                                                Water Branch
Reducing affect of ring dikes etc.
                 Winnipeg




                      Emerson   Manitoba
                                Conservation
                                 Water Branch
                                 Water Branch
Reducing affect of ring dikes etc.
                         Winnipeg




                             Ste. Agathe




                                Manitoba
                                Conservation
                                 Water Branch
                                 Water Branch
Mitigation of affects of dikes

       eg
  innip
 W




            Affect of dikes etc. reduced to around zero
                everywhere except for some areas
                  around a few of the ring dikes.


                 Confirmed by a more sophisticated model
                   by the Canadian Hydraulics Centre.

                                                          Manitoba
                                                          Conservation
                                                           Water Branch
                                                           Water Branch
Enhancing Winnipeg’s flood protection
                   Detention structure




                                         Manitoba
                               Floodway expansion
                                      Conservation
                                         Water Branch
                                         Water Branch
Enhancing Winnipeg’s flood protection




                              Manitoba
                              Conservation
                               Water Branch
                               Water Branch
MIKE-11 model: Pembina

                        Gretna
Manitoba



N. Dakota



                             Neche

            County Road 55




                                     Manitoba
                                     Conservation
                                      Water Branch
                                      Water Branch
  MIKE-11 model: Pembina

                                Gretna
 Manitoba



  N. Dakota
                               Neche
County Road 55




                 17 dikes to       Dyking along
                 be removed        Pembina River

                                           Manitoba
                                           Conservation
                                            Water Branch
                                            Water Branch
  MIKE-11 model: Pembina

                           <5%                                                        <5%
                                                                     <5%




          <5%
                                                                                     5 40




         5 40
                          5 40                        5 40
                                           0 5   5%                   15%                 15%
                                                                     0 5                 0 5
                                    40   95%
                     10       5%                                        5 0 5%              10 0 5%
        95%               5                                    35
        50                                                            40%
                                                                                               30%
                45                                           45 20    35%                   30 20
                               15   0%     50
        0%
      10                                                                               35     45%
  0
10




                                           10                         5
                                                                                                 5


             No dikes along entire
                Pembina River


         With 17 dikes taken out                        Flow Distribution at
                                                         peak of 1997 flood      Manitoba
        What actually happened                                                   Conservation
                                                                                  Water Branch
                                                                                  Water Branch
   Storage schemes: upstream of Grand Forks
                       Actual
                       With 100,000 acre-feet storage
                        200,000 acre-feet
                         400,000 acre-feet
                           ♦Shellmouth Reservoir
                           ♦50% bigger than
                             Lake Traverse total
Grand Forks




                                        Manitoba
                                        Conservation
                                         Water Branch
                                         Water Branch
Storage schemes: upstream of Grand Forks
Reduction in 1997 flood   Winnipeg
 peak water level (ft.)
                                    Floodway Entrance
 1.4 2.5 3.8

                                Ste. Agathe
 0.3 0.4 0.7


                           Morris
 0.1 0.2 0.5


 0.1 0.2 0.5

                               Emerson        Manitoba
                                              Conservation
                                               Water Branch
                                               Water Branch
Storage schemes: on Pembina River
                            Actual


                              With 25,000 acre-feet storage
                                     50,000 acre-feet
                                         75,000 acre-feet


       ♦Corp’s 1976 Pembelier Dam:     ♦Lake Ashtabula (Bald Hill Dam)
         147,000 acre-feet,              has a capacity of 68,600 acre-feet
         128,000 for flood control       at elevation 1266 ft.




                                                         Manitoba
                                                         Conservation
                                                          Water Branch
                                                          Water Branch
Storage schemes: on Pembina River
Reduction in 1997 flood   Winnipeg
 peak water level (ft.)
                                     Floodway Entrance
 0.3 0.5 0.6




                            Morris
 0.0 0.1 0.1


 0.0 0.0 0.0

  0.2 0.4 0.5                   Emerson        Manitoba
                                               Conservation
                    Neche                       Water Branch
                                                Water Branch
MIKE-11 model: modeling physical changes
                           Winnipeg

    Build a
   dam and                                 Raise a road
   reservoir                                or rail line


               Enlarge a
                town’s
               ring dike




                                          Manitoba
         Manitoba                         Conservation
                                Emerson    Water Branch
                                           Water Branch
Modeling in USA:                              Current
                                             big-flood
                                              model
                             Pembina area

Small and large floods      Highway 5 area
                                  Drayton
                                             Additional
Integrated with current   HEC-RAS              detail
 model in Manitoba             Grand Forks




                                             Extension to Fargo




                                                  Extension to
                                                   Lake Traverse
                                              Manitoba
                                              Conservation
                                               Water Branch
                                               Water Branch
MIKE-11 in USA:


Includes major tributaries
 up to most downstream
 gauging station




                             Manitoba
                             Conservation
                              Water Branch
                              Water Branch
Hydrodynamic model of whole valley

   C A NA a
  Build DA
  C A NADA                                           Winnipeg
                                                     Winnipeg
 dam SA
     UA
        and
    US
 reservoir
                                                   Emerson
                       1997




                                                  Red River
                                                  Red River
  Raise a road       Flooded
                       Area
   or rail line           Grand Forks




                                SheeyenneR iver
                                 Sh
                                    yenne R er
    Enlarge or
       Red River Basin
        Red River Basin
    extend an
          Boundary
           Boundary                                      Fargo




                                          iv
   existing dike

                                                                 Manitoba
                                                                 Conservation
                                                                  Water Branch
                                                                  Water Branch
Hydrodynamic modeling in Red R. valley

   C A NADA
  C A NADA

   USA
   USA



              Questions ?




                                        Red River
                                        Red River
                      SheeyenneR iver
                       Sh
                          yenne R er
                                iv
                                                    Manitoba
                                                    Conservation
                                                     Water Branch
                                                     Water Branch

								
To top