Etruscans Half Complete

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					ETRUSCANS - GENERAL

Etruscan civilization is the
modern English name
given to a civilization of
ancient Italy in the area
corresponding roughly
to Tuscany, western
Umbria, and
northern Latium.
ETRUSCANS - HISTORY
The origins of the Etruscans are lost in prehistory. Historians have no
 literature, no texts of religion or philosophy; therefore much of what is
 known about this civilization is derived from grave goods and tomb
 findings. Culture that is identifiably Etruscan developed in Italy after
 about 800 BC approximately over the range of the preceding Iron
 Age Villanovan culture. The latter gave way in the 7th century to a
 culture that was influenced by Greek traders and Greek neighbours
 in Magna Graecia, the Hellenic civilization of southern Italy. After 500
 BC the political destiny of Italy passed out of Etruscan hands.
ETRUSCAN – HISTORIC PICTURES
ETRUSCANS – GOVERNMENT
The historical Etruscans had
achieved a state system of society,
with remnants of the chiefdom and
tribal forms. In this they were
different from the surrounding Italics,
who had chiefs and tribes. Rome was
in a sense the first Italic state. It is
believed that the Etruscan
government style changed from
total monarchy to being ruled by a
small faction of people.
ETRUSCANS – MILITARY
 The Etruscans, like the contemporary
cultures of Ancient Greece and Ancient
Rome, had a significant military tradition.
In addition to marking the rank and power
of certain individuals in Etruscan culture,
warfare was a considerable economic
boost to Etruscan civilization. Like
many ancient societies, the Etruscans
conducted campaigns during summer
months, raiding neighbouring areas,
attempting to gain territory and combating
piracy as a means of acquiring valuable
resources such as land, prestige, goods,
and slaves.
ETRUSCANS - RELIGION

The Etruscan system of belief was
polytheism, that is, all visible things
were considered to be divine power
and that power was subdivided
into gods that acted continually on the
world of man and could be dissuaded
or persuaded in favour of human
affairs.
ETRUSCANS RELIGIOUS PICTURES
ETRUSCANS – LANGUAGE
  The Etruscans are believed
  to have spoken a non-Indo-
  European language, the
  majority consensus is that
  Etruscan is related only to
  other members of what is
  called the Tyrsenian
  language family
ETRUSCANS – ARCHITECTURE
Etruscan art was the form of figurative art produced
by the Etruscan civilization in northern Italy between
the 9th and 2nd centuries BC.
ETRUSCANS – ART
Etruscan art was the form
of figurative art produced by the
Etruscan civilization in northern
Italy between the 9th and 2nd
centuries BC. Particularly strong
in this tradition were figurative
sculpture in terracotta and cast
bronze, wall-painting
and metalworking.

				
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