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					Free Arabic Language Course, Learn Arabic, Arabic Tuition                        http://www.madinaharabic.com/UAT/Arabic_Language_Course/Lesson...




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                                                Lesson 24 –


                                        Noun and its Types (continued...) -

                                                       Part        1   2     3     4   5   6   7




                                                            Introduction –


                  In this lesson, we will learn about the Demonstrative Pronouns                                       and Relative

                  Pronouns                            in detail.

                  In previous lessons we have learnt the basics of the Demonstrative Pronouns (see Lesson 1, Lesson 2,

                  Lesson 6, Lesson 7|L007_001.html||, Lesson 13, & Lesson 18) and Relative Pronouns in (Lesson 9, &

                  Lesson 12).

                  "A Demonstrative Pronoun is a noun that represents the near or the distant object.

                        We know that in English "This" is used to point to the near singular object and "That" is

                        used for the distant object and "These" is used to point towards the near Plural Objects and

                        "Those" is used for the Distant Objects. However different nouns are not used for the Dual

                        (in English language) and there is no difference of gender i.e., the same nouns are used

                        for the masculine as well as the feminine.

                         In Arabic however, different Demonstrative Pronouns are used for singular, dual and

                        plural objects. Similarly different Nouns are used for the masculine as well as the feminine.



                                                                                                               Demonstrative
                     English        Transliteration           Gender/Number                        Arabic

                                                                                                                   Nouns




                       This             Hādhā               Masculine/Singular




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                                        Hādhihi              Feminine/Singular




                                       Hādhāni                 Masculine/Dual
                                                                                                         (         )
                    These two

                                        Hātāni                 Feminine/Dual




                                                            Masculine & Feminine/
                    These all           Hā’ulā’i
                                                                   Plural




                                        Dhālika              Masculine/Singular

                       That

                                         Tilka               Feminine/Singular




                                       Dhānika                 Masculine/Dual

                    Those two                                                                             (       )
                                        Tānika                 Feminine/Dual




                                                            Masculine & Feminine/
                    Those all           'ulā’ika
                                                                   Plural



                        Following are the examples for the Demonstrative Pronouns:



                                    Picture                       English                     Arabic




                                                               This is a book            .




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                                                             This is a notebook            .




                                                               That is a cow                    .




                                                            These are two books         .




                                                            These are two cows              .




                                                              These are men             .




                                                             Those are guests          .


                  "A Relative Pronoun is a noun which refers or relates to some noun preceding it".

                        The Arabic Relative Pronouns have different forms for singular, dual and plural as well as

                        for masculine and feminine.




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                                                                                                                   Relative

                        English              Transliteration          Gender/Number                      Arabic
                                                                                                                    Nouns




                                                Al-Ladhī          Masculine/Singular

                      Who/That

                                                 Al-Latī          Feminine/Singular




                                               Al-ladhāni             Masculine/Dual
                   Those two/Who


                         (dual)
                                                Al-latāni              Feminine/Dual




                                               Al-ladhīna             Masculine/ Plural
                    Those all/Who

                          (all)
                                                 Al-Lā’ī              Feminine/Plural




                                               Let’s take some examples of the Relative Pronouns:




                                   English                                                      Arabic




                  This is Muhammad who has passed                             .

                This is the door which is in front of the
                                                                      .
                                   mosque




                      That is the cat that has sat                            .

               Those are the brothers who went to the


                                  University                                                .
                                                           Part   1       2   3     4   5       6   7




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                                                Lesson 24 –


                                        Noun and its Types (continued...) -

                                                      Part   1     2     3     4   5   6   7




                                Demonstrative Pronouns & their types –


                  In this part of lesson we will learn all the Demonstrative Pronouns i.e., singular, dual and plural for

                  masculine as well as feminine objects, In-Shā’-Allâh (God-Willing).

                  In the previous section we have already defined the Demonstrative Pronoun as "A Pronoun which is

                  used to represent a near or distant object".

                  In Arabic language there are different Demonstrative Pronouns for the dual objects and they are:

                                for dual masculine near object

                                for dual feminine near object

                                for dual masculine distant object

                               for dual feminine distant object.

                  Let’s review some examples of the Demonstrative Pronouns



                                 Picture                         English                                Arabic




                                                             This is a pen                          .




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                                                               This is a bag                       .




                                                            These are two books                .




                                                        These are two baskets                  .




                                                             These are doctors                 .




                                                             These are nurses              .




                                                              That is the road                 .




                                                               That is a car                   .



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                                                            Those are two boys                     .




                                                      Those are two broom sticks               .




                                                            Those are scholars                  .




                                                      Those are the lady doctors               .


                                                     Part      1   2   3     4   5   6   7




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                                                Lesson 24 –


                                        Noun and its Types (continued...) -

                                                      Part    1    2     3     4     5   6   7




                                                             Exercise -


                  In this section we will have multiple questions to test your understanding of the principles we have

                  learnt In-Shā'-Allâh (God willing).

                  Fill in the blanks in the questions below by using one of the possible options in the top section

                  (below). Click on the question you would like to answer (this will be highlighted), then click on the

                  correct option from the blocks above the questions area to complete the answer – you will find the

                  blank in the question is replaced with your selected option. Upon completing all the questions, click

                  on the Mark button to see the correct answers and obtain your mark.



                                                                  Mark       Reset




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                                          .....                                                       .....
                                   (That teacher is lovable)                                  (These people are believers)




                                           .....                                                      .....
                                      (This boy is brave)                                 (Those two ladies are famous)




                                          .....                                                        .....
                                 (These two boys are active)                                    (This is the black duck)




                                          .....                                                      .....
                               (These two girls are respectful)                                 (Those men are faithful)




                                          .....                                                       .....
                                   (That room is beautiful)                                   (Those two books are good)




                                                                   Mark       Reset



                                                     Part      1    2     3     4     5   6     7




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                                                Lesson 24 –


                                        Noun and its Types (continued...) -

                                                      Part    1    2     3     4     5   6   7




                                                             Exercise -


                  In this part of the lesson, we will test the knowledge that we have learnt in this lesson so far.

                  Choose the correct answer for each of the following questions. Please click on the correct option for

                  each question below. Upon completion, click on the Mark button to see the correct answers and to

                  obtain your mark.

                  In this exercise you will not be given the meaning of sentences, please visit the earlier parts of

                  lesson 1 to learn the meanings if necessary.



                                                                  Mark       Reset

                                   Question 1                                                       Question 2




                                   Question 3                                                       Question 4




1 of 2                                                                                                                       24/03/2010 10:34 ‫م‬
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                                                                 Mark       Reset



                                                     Part    1    2     3    4      5   6   7




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2 of 2                                                                                                                        24/03/2010 10:34 ‫م‬
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                                                Lesson 24 –


                                        Noun and its Types (continued...) -

                                                         Part   1    2    3      4   5   6   7




                                                Relative Pronouns -


                  In this part of lesson we will learn all the Relative Pronouns i.e., singular, dual and plural for

                  masculine as well as feminine objects, In-Shā’-Allâh (God-Willing).

                  In the previous sections we have already defined the Relative Pronoun as “A Pronoun which refers

                  or relates to some noun preceding it ".

                  In Arabic language there are different Relative Pronouns for the singular, dual and plural objects

                  which are illustrated below:




                                                                                                               Relative
                        English          Transliteration            Gender/Number                Arabic

                                                                                                                Nouns




                                              Al-Ladhī          Masculine/Singular

                      Who/That

                                               Al-Latī          Feminine/Singular




                                           Al-Ladhāni               Masculine/Dual
                   Those two/Who

                         (dual)
                                              Al-Latāni             Feminine/Dual




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                                            Al-ladhīna              Masculine/ Plural
                    Those all/Who


                          all
                                              Al-Lā’ī               Feminine/Plural



                  Let’s review some examples to understand this rule:



                                Picture                  Translation                                    Arabic




                                                 He is the owner of the


                                                house who went out of
                                                                                                    .
                                                         the house.




                                                This is the student who


                                                        won the prize                               .


                                                    They are the two


                                                students who work hard
                                                                                                .
                                                         in the class




                                                  They are those who
                                                                                    .
                                                   cheat in the exam




                                                   These are the two


                                                 students (female) who
                                                                                                .
                                                   are hard working



                                                        Part    1     2   3    4   5    6   7




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                                                Lesson 24 –


                                        Noun and its Types (continued...) -

                                                      Part    1    2     3     4   5   6   7




                                                             Exercise -


                  In this part of the lesson, we will test the knowledge that we have learnt in this lesson so far.

                  Choose the correct answer for each of the following questions. Please click on the correct option for

                  each question below. Upon completion, click on the Mark button to see the correct answers and to

                  obtain your mark.

                  In this exercise you will not be given the meaning of sentences, please visit the earlier parts of

                  lesson 1 to learn the meanings if necessary.



                                                                  Mark       Reset




                                           .....                                               .....
                            (They both are those who are sitting                       (Fatima is she who won the first
                                    in the class room)                                              prize)




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                                             .....                                             .....
                            (Allah (God) is the one who Created                       (They are the prophets whom Allah
                                       the Universe)                                           (God) has sent)




                                     .....
                             (The (female) believers are those
                            who are moving around the Ka'aba)




                                                                  Mark       Reset



                                                     Part     1    2     3    4   5    6   7




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                                                Lesson 24 –


                                        Noun and its Types (continued...) -

                                                      Part    1   2    3      4   5   6   7




                                                             Revision –


                  In this lesson we have learnt the following things:

                        We have learnt all the forms of the Demonstrative Pronouns referring to the masculine as

                        well as feminine nouns

                        All the forms of Relative Pronouns referring to the masculine and the feminine nouns.




                                               Vocabulary Revision –




                                These two                                         These two


                               (masculine)                                        (feminine)




                                Those two                                         Those two


                               (masculine)                                        (feminine)




                               Two Oranges                                        Two baskets




                                Two broom
                                                                                   Favourite
                                  sticks




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                                                                                   Famous
                               Muslim Believers
                                                                             (feminine dual)




                                  Respectful
                                                                                   Faithful
                               (feminine dual)




                               who (masculine                                Who (feminine

                                     dual)                                          dual)




                               Who (masculine                                Who (feminine


                                    plural)                                        plural)




                                   She won                                     They cheat




                               Noble (feminine
                                                                             He sent them
                                    plural)



                  Now that you have covered this lesson, please also try some of the additional features we have

                  including:


                       o   Discussion Forum– Discuss the grammatical topics learnt and any areas of confusion.



                       o   Vocabulary Flashcards– Practice your vocabulary by category.



                       o   Questions Flashcards– Practice questions related to the grammatical topics covered in the

                              lessons.


                  We will be updating the features above to help you throughout the course In-Shā’-Allâh (God

                  willing).




                                                     Part   1   2   3    4     5     6   7




                                                                    Next Lesson




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