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Week Unit       Grammar Items                    Learning Focus                    Page


                                      •	 Use	adverbs	of	frequency	in	the	simple	
 1-2    1    Simple present tense                                                   4
                                         present tense


             Simple present tense
                                      •	 Review	the	simple	present	tense	and	
 3-4    2    vs	Present	continuous	                                                 6
                                         the	present	continuous	tense
             tense


                                      •	 Use	adjectives	to	describe	people,	
 5-6    3    Adjectives                                                             8
                                         places	and	things


             Comparisons	(1):	        •	 Use	comparative	adjectives	to	
 7-8    4                                                                           10
             comparative	adjectives      compare	two	people	or	things


             Comparisons	(2):	        •	 Use	superlative	adjectives	to	compare	
9-10    5                                                                           12
             superlative	adjectives      three	or	more	people	or	things


             Comparisons	(3):	        •	 Use	the	different	forms	of	irregular	
 11     6                                                                           14
             irregular	adjectives        adjectives



             Reminder	1               Recap	the	grammar	items	of	Units	1-6          15




 12     Assessment	1                  Review	Units	1-6                              16


                                      •	 Use	phrases	of	quantity	to	talk	
13-14   7    Phrases	of	quantity         about	the	quantity	of	countable	or	        20
                                         uncountable	things
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              Pan Lloyds 26-week English Consolidation Practice: Grammar                  4A




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Week Unit        Grammar Items                        Learning Focus                      Page


15-16    8    Question	words             •	 Use	question	words	to	ask	questions            22



                                         •	 Use	the	simple	past	tense	to	talk	about	
17-18    9    Simple	past	tense                                                            24
                                            past	activities


              Modals:	can	/	can’t	/	     •	 Use	‘can’,	‘can’t’,	‘could’	and	‘couldn’t’	
19-20   10                                                                                 26
              could	/	couldn’t              to	talk	about	ability


                                         •	 Use	reflexive	pronouns	to	talk	about	
21-22   11    Reflexive	pronouns                                                           28
                                            how	someone	does	something	alone


                                         •	 Use	‘too’	and	‘either’	to	link	similar	
 23     12    Adverbs:	too	/	either                                                        30
                                            ideas


              Connectives:	and	/	or	/	   •	 Use	‘and’,	‘or’,	‘but’	and	‘both’	to	link	
 24     13                                                                                 31
              but	/	both                    ideas



             Reminder	2                  Recap	the	grammar	items	of	Units	1-13             32




 25     Assessment	2                     Review	Units	7-13                                 34




 26     Final	Assessment                 Review	Units	1-13                                 38
                 Comparisons (1):
     4




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                 comparative adjectives




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          The florist’s is larger than the toy shop but the toy shop is
          more popular than the florist’s.

A. Write sentences using the correct comparatives.

 1. a hamster                      a rabbit                          (small)

     A hamster                                                    a rabbit.

 2. an ox                          an elephant                       (big)



 3. a dictionary                   a pillow                          (soft)



 4. summer                         winter                            (warm)



 5. a car                          a bus                             (heavy)



 6. the book report                the basketball match              (exciting)



10   Pan Lloyds 26-week English Consolidation Practice: Grammar
Learning Focus    •	 Use	comparative	adjectives	to	compare	two	people	or	things




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B.    Fill in the blanks with the opposite comparatives.                          Learning Aids

                                                                                  •	Add	‘-er’	to	an	adjective	
 1. My dad is older than my uncle.                                                  to	make	comparisons.	
                                                                                  •	If	the	second	last	letter	
      My uncle is                                          my dad.                  of	an	adjective	is	a	short	
                                                                                    vowel,	repeat	the	last	
 2. Katie is more careful than Betty.                                               letter	once.
                                                                                  •	If	an	adjective	ends	in	‘e’,	
      Betty is                                       than Katie.                    just	add	‘-r’	after	it.


 3. Learning Japanese is more difficult than learning Putonghua.
      Learning Putonghua is                                             learning Japanese.

 4. Walking at night is more dangerous than walking in the daytime.
      Walking in the daytime is                                              walking at night.

C. Complete the sentences using the correct comparatives.

1	               hard                 2	            thin                  3	         expensive


                                       Mr. Li                 Mr. Ho
4	               dirty                5	           bright                 6	        comfortable


     May                    Judy

 1. The doughnut                                                                      the cake.

 2. Mr. Li                                                               Mr. Ho.

 3. The                                                                the                           .

 4.

 5.

 6.
                                                                                                         4A   11
Reminder 2




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                                          Recap the grammar items of Units 1- 13




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A.   Simple present tense (Unit 1)




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	    •	 We	often	use	the	adverbs	of	frequency	with	the	simple	present	tense	to	
        talk about habits.

           I                        100%
         You                       always
                                                                    go swimming.
          We                        often
         They                    sometimes
                                   seldom
          He
                                    never
          She                                                      goes swimming.
           It                          0%


B.   Tenses (Unit 2 and Unit 9)

                           Simple present              Present continuous
                                                                          Simple past tense
                               tense                         tense
                         every Monday                   now, at present,           yesterday, last
       Key hint          (on Mondays),                  at this moment,            Monday, one week
        words            adverbs of                     Look!, Listen!             ago, in 2002
                         frequency

C.   Comparisons (Units 3-6)

                                                    Adjectives         Comparatives Superlatives
       Most short adjectives                       young                younger         youngest
       Adjectives ending in ‘-e’                   large                larger          largest
       Adjectives ending in a                      heavy                heavier         heaviest
       consonant and ‘-y’
       Adjectives ending in a                      thin                 thinner         thinnest
       vowel and a consonant
                                                   expensive            more            most
       Most long adjectives
                                                                        expensive       expensive
       Irregular adjectives                        good                 better          best

32   Pan Lloyds 26-week English Consolidation Practice: Grammar
Assessment 1




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                                                                                          Marks :       /100




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Testing Units   •	 Review	Units	1- 6                              Time Allowed: 35 mins




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A. Circle the correct answers. (14%)

 1. I have a decaying tooth because I never / sometimes / always eat plenty
    of sweets.

 2. The buses are usually on time but sometimes / often / never they are late.

 3. We seldom / often / never meet Jim near that cinema because he likes
    watching films.

 4. A snake always / never / often walks on the ground.

 5. The stars never / always / sometimes shine at night.

 6. I am afraid of cockroaches. I often / sometimes / never dare to touch them.

 7. Mandy does not like sports. She always / seldom / often watches sports
    programmes.
                                                                                                       Marks


B.   Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the given adjectives. (16%)

 1. I think the novel is                                           (boring) than the film.

 2. Which is                                      (large), the sun, the moon or the earth?

 3. I think Clear Water Bay is                                               (good) place for sailing in
    Hong Kong.

 4. A road is                                      (wide) than a lane.

 5. The printing factory is                                             (noisy) than the supermarket.

 6. Maggie is                                       (pretty) of all her sisters.

 7. Patrick’s handwriting is                                              (bad) in his class.

 8. Mango pudding is                                               (delicious) dessert in this cafe.
                                                                                                       Marks

16   Pan Lloyds 26-week English Consolidation Practice: Grammar
 Testing Focus




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•	 Simple	present	tense	         •	 Comparisons	(1):	comparatives
•	 Present	continuous	tense	     •	 Comparisons	(2):	superlatives




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•	 Adjectives	                   •	 Comparisons	(3):	irregular	adjectives




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•	 Tenses

C. Fill in the blanks with the correct adjectives. (16%)

                 careful                 famous              friendly       gentle
                 hard-working            proud               selfish        wealthy

  1. Washington, the first President of America, is a                                person.
 2. Dick is a                       man. He has a large house and three cars.
 3. My niece is a                          girl. She works very hard at school.
 4. The villagers are                           to us. They give us food and drinks.
 5. Please be                          not to break the glass, Susan.
 6. The mother is                           with her baby.
 7. Cindy is too                         . She never lets her friends touch her toys.
 8. Donald is the best student in class. His father is                               of him.
                                                                                               Marks


D.    Complete the passage using the simple present tense or the present
      continuous tense. (18%)

          Lily and Jane 1                        (be) neighbours. They go to the same
  school. Every morning, Lily 2                            (wait) for Jane at the bus stop. They
  3                        (take) a bus to school. In the afternoon, they always
  4                        (do ) homework at Lily’s home. Jane usually 5
  (teach) Lily English and Lily 6                           (help) Jane in Mathematics.

          It is a Friday afternoon, Lily and Jane 7                           (do)

  homework. Lily’s grandpa 8                                (sleep) in his armchair. The little
  cat 9                        (play) with the dog. They are having a good time.

                                                                                               Marks

                                                                                               4A   17

				
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