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					                        COMMUNITY POLICING STRUCTURE

Salima Police Station has ten (10) Community Policing Forums in its ten (10) Traditional Authorities. These are

Kalonga, Kambwiri, Kulunda, Khombedza, Kambalame, Maganga, Mwanza, Msosa, Ndindi and Pemba



                                            SUMMARY OF STRUCTURES
NO. OF     NO OF        NO.OF               NO OF          NO OF CHILD              YOUTH CLUB                    BUSINESS WATCH       NET WORKING
SEC        CPF          CPPS                CPCs           PROTECTION                                                                  PATNERS
                                                           COMMITTEES

    1           10              86                   812            20                   10                              15                 4




            COMMUNITY POLICING MEETING 2005 - 2009 AND JAN TO MAY, 2010

  YEAR         SEC             CPFs           CPPs           CPCs          WOMEN/   YOUTH           BUSINESS      OPEN DAYS SCHOOL        TOTAL
                                                                           CHILD    OUTREACH         WATCH                    VISITS
                                                                         PROTECTION                 SCHEMES

   2005          2               6               7            12             3            3              1           0          5          39
   2006          3               9              13            17             4            7              4           0          8          65
   2007          3               7              19            18             5            9              5           0          6          72
   2008          2               6               4             9             2            2              2           0          3          30
   2009          3               4              11            13             1            3              1           1          4          41
   2010          1               3               7             2             0            0              1           0          2          16


                                                                                                                                                  11
CASES HANDED BY V.S.U, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 AND FROM JAN TO MAY 2010 AT SALIMA POLICE STATION

                 Failing to render assistance Extra Marital Affairs Child Labour Wife Battering                                                Illegal       Family    Others
                                                                                                                                              Divorse      Abandonment
   2005              14                                                2                          0                     3                          8           1         12
   2006              15                                                6                          1                     7                          5           6         19
   2007              17                                                8                          0                     4                          2           3         10
   2008              18                                               10                          0                     1                          3           2         15
   2009              23                                                3                          0                     0                          4           0         12
   2010              19                                               10                          8                    12                          7           6         39

The following are cases that fall into category of others; (1) Denying pregnancy (2) In human treatment (3) unnecessary cristicism
(4) Family misunderstanding and (5) Abduction.



                          GRAPH SHOWING VSU CASES FROM 2005 - 2009 AND FROM JAN
                                             TO JUNE, 2010
    FREQUENCY




                25
                20
                15
                10                                                                                                                                                     2005
                 5                                                                                                                                                     2006
                 0
                                                                                                                                                                       2007




                                                                                                                                                         abandonment
                                                                           Child Labour




                                                                                                      Wife Battering
                                              Extra Marital Affairs
                          Failing to render




                                                                                                                            Illegal Divorse
                                                                                                                                                                       2008
                            assistance




                                                                                                                                                            Family
                                                                                                                                                                       2009
                                                                                                                                                                       2010

                                                                                          CASES

                                                                                                                                                                                13
T WORKING
                               2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010
Failing to render assistance    14     15     17     18     23     19
Extra Marital Affairs            2      6      8     10      3     10
Child Labour                     0      1      0      0      0      8
Wife Battering                   3      7      4      1      0     12
Illegal Divorse                  8      5      2      3      4      7
Family abandonment               1      6      3      2      0      6
POLICING AREA

Salima District is situated to the East of Lilongwe District. It is 103km from Lilongwe old town to

Salima Zero Point. The district is sharing boundaries with Nkhotakota to the North, Dowa and

Ntchisi to the North - West, Dedza to the South and Lake Malawi to the East.


Salima district has atotal area of 2,196square Kilometres which is 2.3% of Malawi Land surface.

From the 2009 Human Population Census, the district has a population of 340,327 people. It has a

Police Station which is situated on grid reference 658475 and has got 169 Police Officers, therefore

the ration of police officers to population is 1 : 2,014

                            SALIMA POLICE STATION VISION
                            "Creating a safe and secure Salima District"

                            OUR MISSION
We Salima Police working in patnership with the community shall provide quality internal security services
for all by:
                        .
                       Maintaining law and order
                        .
                       Protecting life and property
                        .
                       Preventing crime
                        .
                       Investigating and detecting crime
                        .
                       Reducing the fear of crime
                        .
                       Apprehending and bringing all offenders to justice
                        .
                       Promoting road safety
                        .
                       Safeguarding the freedoms and rights of all people
                        .
                       Respecting the rule of law in accordance with the constitution.

SALIMA POLICE STATION STANDARDS

                            We ensure that telephone calls are answered before the third bell rings

                            Meals and other food stuff are provided to suspects in custody

                            Bail is granted to suspects free of charge

                            Every suspect is taken to court within 48hours

                            Action is taken within 48hours when we receive complaint or a report of any kind
                         We provide free services. However, there are special cases which attracts a fee of some

                         kind in accordance with government regulations

                         Sensitive issues are treated with confidentiality.


                         TOTAL NUMBER OF PERSONNEL AND FUNCTIONS BY BRANCH

The station has the following strength divided into different police branches.


       BRANCH                                                              RANKS
                           A.C.P.     S/SUPT          SUPT       A/SUPT      INSP    S/INSP           SGT
General Duties               1           2              2           0          4       11              10
CID                                                                                     5               2
Prosecution                                                        1                    1               1
Traffic                                                                                 3               4
Signals                                                                                 1
Transport
Research & Planning                                                                      1              1
Public Relations
Administration                                                                            1             2
Community Policing                                                                        1             2
Total                         1           2            2           1             4       24            22

ROLES AND FUNCTIONS OF PERSONNEL

The personnel at Salima Police Station are executing their duties in different Police branches as specialists.

           i.            CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION BRANCH

                  Personnel in this branch are specialized in:

                   ·     Detecting serious offences i.e. murder, sexual offences, etc.

                   ·    Surveillance of known criminals

                   ·     Taking fingerprints ffrom the scene of crime

                   ·     Identifying informants

                   ·     Collection of intelligence

           ii.           SIGNALS BRANCH

                   It’s a communication branch, it transmits and receives messages from other policing

                         formations. Wireless messages are very reliable than telephone messages

                          Personnel in this branch are called signalers.
iii.       TRAFFIC BRANCH PERSONNEL

                         ·      Conducting community road safety campaigns

                         ·      Traffic control

                         ·      Preventing road accidents

                         ·      Impounding unroad worthy vehicles

       ·                 .      To check validity of motor vehicle licences, C.O.F, Insurance

                               and Drivers’ Licences, etc

iv.        RECORDS PERSONNEL

           ·        Safekeeping of exhibits and other properties

       ·   Registration of files

       ·    Facilitate movements of files and exhibits

       ·    Maintenance of registers i.e. exhibit registers, lost and found property, etc

       ·    Keeping vital records which facilitate police work

           .         Preservation of data

v.         PROSECUTION PERSONNEL

       ·       Bringing offendersto justice

       ·   Remanding of accused persons to prison

       ·       Maintenance of daily court records

       ·       Summoning witnesses for court

vi.        ADMINISTRATION PERSONNEL

       ·    Human Resource Management

       ·       Preparation of payment vouchers

       ·       Preparation of salaries and allowances

       ·    Payment of utilities i.e. electricity, water and telephone bills

       ·    Purchasing of office needs i.e. stationery and other related materials

       ·   Looking into welfare of all Police personnel
           vii.        INVESTIGATION BRANCH PERSSONNEL (GENERAL DUTIES)

                   ·     They investigate minor offences i.e. assaults, simple thefts, etc.

                   ·     Monitoring welfare of suspects in custody

                   ·     Maintenance of occurrence book

                   ·     Conducting rural and town patrols

                   ·     Maintaining public order

                   ·     Preventing crime

           viii.       COMMUNITY POLICING PERSONNEL

                   ·      They encourage partnership between the Police and the general public

                   ·     They civic educate the general public on how they can prevent crime and
                              how they can take part in fight against crime

                   ·      They support victims of crime

                   ·     Confronting broken marriages (acting as mediators)

                   ·      They coordinate with social welfare officer on matters concerning orphans and
                              destitute, etc.

                                    FURTHEST DISTANCE FROM POLICE STATION

The distance from the police station to the furthset point is Changoma which is about 56km from

Salima Zero Point and it marks the boundaries between Salima and Dowa and it is found

in the area of T/A Mwanza to the North -West of Salima Boma

                                    SOCIAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

The district is composed of Yao and Tonga Tribes who live along the Lake Shore of Lake Malawi in

areas of T/A Msosa, Bibi Kuluunda Maganga,and Kambalame where they do fishing. The Chewa Tribe

dominate in areas of T/A Khombedza, Mwanza, Kalonga and Kambwiri where they practice Farming

by cultivating major crops such as tobacco, Maize and cotton. The Central Town has been occupied by

different tribes who work in different Government Departments and other private sectors.




The district has the following farming areas owned by Press Agriculture Limited.
                                1      Kaputu Estate where Maize,S oya beans, Cashewnuts are grown

                                2      Chikwawa Estate where Maize,Soya beans and Cashew nuts are grown

                                3      Nakondwa Estate Maize and Cashew nuts

Other communal farming areas include Scheme I to V situated along Salima - Nkhotakota and the following

crops are grown in thses schemes; Maize, Soya beans, Cotton Tobbaco

MAJOR INSTALLATIONS

Salima District has the following major installation:

                                1      Najoka Escom Power Control Supply

                                2      MTL Transmitters

                                3      Chipoka Habour

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE GENERAL PUBLIC ANDPOLICE

As the public needs a crime free society for the betterment of development, theyare very supportive to the

Police. This is done through Community Policing Coordinators.

They formed Crime Prevention Forums in all the ten traditional authorities. Under villageheadmen,

they formed Crime Prevention Committee whilst at group village headmen, they formed Crime prevention

Panels e.t.c. These Committees were formed with the aim to assist the police in fighting crime at grass root

level. The community is supportive to police since the station established CPPs and CPCs,

whereby vital information easily reaches us and in addition some arrests are done by the community

and through public tips.

                           AREAS OF PUBLIC CONCENTRATION/CRIME PRONE AREAS

            1              SENGABAY:

                           This area is one of prone areas in the district for crime because it has an

                           International Standard Hotel under Sunbird,and over sixty (60) hotels, tourist resorts,

                           Cottages and Lodges that provide tourist services to an increasing number of

                           foreign and domestic vistors annually.

                           With this regard, more criminals tend to flock into the area inorder to steal or rob
                          of peoples property.

                          However, the Station strategised the area by establishing a Crime Prevention Pannel

                          headed by a white European Lady named Sarmathur Ludick and among the members

                          elected in the pannel are officers from Defence Force.


            2             KAMUZU ROAD TRADING CENTRE

                          This is another crime prone area which register high rate of crime because it is a place

                          with major bottle stores, Bars as well as fish market that operate over night and these

                          facilities also form hiding places for different criminals. However, the Station divided

                          the district into five zones for effective day and night patrols supervised by a Task Team

                          comprising of Senior Police Officer inorder to make sure that police officers conducting

                          patrols are performing police duties professionally and effectively to meet public

                          expectations.

            3             OTHER CRIME PRONE AREAS

                          These include:-         Malimba/Chimweta and Takumana

                                                  Msangu/ Maploti and Mtukulamwendo

                                                  Salima Main Market, Bus Depot

                                                  Town Centre and Senior Quarters

                                      CULTURAL AND RELIGIOUS BELIEFS

Christianity and Islam are two major religions in the district. 65% of the inhabitants are christians

and 29% are moslems, 4% have no specific religions and 2% practice religious other than

christianity and Islam.


There are two types of marriages in the district thus Patrilineal and Matrilineal. In Patrilineal the

wife settles at the husband's home and in locally known as Chitengwa. While Matrilineal is

commonly known as Chikamwini, the husband settles at wife;s home.
POLYGAMY is also practised. Other cultural practises are traditional dances and initiation ceremonies

rituals such as Chikule, Jando, Chisamba and Gulewankulu.


CHIKULE:                  Chikule is observed by Chewa whereby both girls and boys who have come out of age

                          observe

JANDO:                    Young boys of yao undergo for circumcission and counselling, such as respect,

                          puberty stages

MSONDO:                   For young girls especially the yao wehreby they are also counselled on respecting

                          their husband if they get married,or to their parents and also their puberty stages


GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES

MOUNTAIN, RIVERS AND DRAINAGE SYSTEM:

Salima district has the following geographical features;

It experiences some variation in the landform and altitude. It ranges from the rift valley floor,.

especially from the lake to hilly areas. The valley floor has an altitude ranging from 100-500M above

the sea level. Whilst the upland its from 500-1000M above sea level.

Lake Malawi has an Island at Mbenje fishing bay within area of T/A Msosa

where there are different types of snakes which do not bite people and no body is allowed to kill them and

women are not allowed to go to this place.

It has a drainange pattern which starts from the upland where we have many rivers and the

well known are Chitala, Dwele, Chiluwa, Ngodzi, Lifidzi, Liwadzi, Lilongwe, Lingadzi and Lithipe

There is Government Forest Reserve at Thuma sistuated about 16 Kilometres to the

West of Salima Zero Point. The district has also one Community Game

Ranch at KUTI about 8 Kilometres from Salima Main Town with several interesting wild animals namely

Hynas, Giraffes, Erands, Wild Pigs, Oustriches, Horses, Antilopes, Hare




                                      MAJOR BUILDINGS
The district has the following Major Buildings

           1             Governemnet Departments such as the District Commissioners Offices, Town Assembly

                         Offices, Agriculture Development Offices, Forestry Offices, Water and Labour

                         Departments Offices.

           2             Shoping Centres, Chipiku, Metro, PTC, etc.

           3             Five Major Filling Stations and rehabilitation of one oil reserve at Chipoka underway.

           4             Six Banks and Two Army Camps

           5             The district has one Central Hospital, 12 Healths Centres, 4 Dispensaries and two
                         private hospitals.

                         There are also 123 Primary Schools, 2 conventional Secondary Schools, 13 Approved

                         Community Day Secondary Schools and One Private Seconadry School.

ROAD NETWORK:

Salima has good road network worth investing. The total road network of the district is about 800 km.

It has 5 classes of roads:

A. Main roads:-              M005 runs from Ngodzi in T/A Kambalame to T/A Mwanza with a distance of

                         of 80km. This is lakeshore road which connects southern region to central and northern

                         regions.

                       M014 which starts from Kamuzu Road to Kanengo passing through Kanyenyeva

                       which marks the boundary between Salima and Dowa District with total distance

                             of about 20km.

B. Secondary roads:-         they form smallest percentage of road network.

                       S122 (20km) it starts from Livingstonia Beach Hotel to kamuzu Road Trading Centre

                              where it joins M 5.

                       S119 (18km) it starts from Chikwawa Estates to Changoma

C. TERTIARY ROADS- they are linked to very crucial places of the district.


NEW DEVELOPMENT:
Currently Salima District has the following new developments;

           1             Settlement Area at T/A Mwanza

           2             Upgrading of Maganga Health Centre to a Rural Hospital

ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

Salima poverty rate is at 57.3% which is slightly higher than the national average of 52.4%.

Four major economic activies in Salima District are:

           1             Fishing - In following T/As T/A Msosa, Bibi Kuluunda Maganga,and Kambalame and

                         the following fish are caught, Chambo, Kambuzi, Usipa, Mpasa

           2             Agriculture Farming - Mainly in T/A Khombedza, Mwanza, Kalonga, Kambwiri

                         and Pemba crops grown; Maize, Groundnuts, Cotton, Cassava, Tobbaco while

                         T/A Bibi Kuluunda and Maganga, Rice and Maize.

           3             Manufacturing Factory - Cooking oil factory at Ngolowindo called Chima Investiments

           4             Trading - Selling second hand clothes, fish mongering, wholesale, retail, hardware,

                         grocery, bars and butchery

                         CRIME LEVELS AND PATTERN

                         Salima Police Station registered the following penal cases in the following years as shown

                         in the table 1 below:

MONTH                         2007        2008         2009               Percentage
                                                              Increase    Decrease
JANUARY                        154         127          177       39.3%   Increase
FEBRUARY                       140         140          171       22.1%   Increase
MARCH                          121        1237          159       16.0%   Increase
APRIL                          131         143          114       20.2%   Decrease
MAY                            149         153          107       39.0%   Decrease
JUNE                           122         155          115       25.8%   Decrease
JULY                           137         166          145       12.6%   Decrease
AUGUST                         142         149          130       12.7%   Decrease
SEPTEMBER                      138         170          128       24.2%   Decrease
OCTOBER                        149         167          129       22.7%   Decrease
NOVEMBER                       150         154          110       28.5%   Decrease
DECEMBER                       155         203          133       34.4%   Decrease
TOTAL                         1688        1864         1618       13.2%   Decrease

Salima Police Station registered an average of 135 cases per month during the year 2009.
The average number of criminal cases from January to March, 2010 stands at 145 cases

per month whilst the average of first quarter of 2009 is 169 cases per month which indicates a decrease in

crime levels

GRAPH SHOWING EIGHT MAJOR CRIME OF CONCERN IN THE DISTRICT AS
REGISTERED IN 2007, 2008 AND 2009 AT SALIMA POLICE STATION.


                                                     2007                   2008                            2009
Breaking offences and Burglary                        258                    329                             336
Assault Cases                                         354                    271                             225
General Theft                                         367                    462                             370
Theft of Cattle                                        20                     23                              23
Theft of bicycle                                      153                    176                             100
Robbery with violence                                  54                     52                              38
Murder                                                  1                      6                               4
Sexual Offences                                        33                     33                              31


                                 GRAPH SHOWING MOST PREVALENT CASES                                            TOTAL


               1.2                                                                                             TOTAL

                1                                                                                              TOTAL
   FREQUENCY




               0.8
                                                                                                               TOTAL
               0.6
                                                                                                               TOTAL
               0.4
                                                                                                               TOTAL
               0.2

                0                                                                                              TOTAL

                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                               TOTAL


According to the graphic ellastration, breaking have been rising since 2007. In 2009 in comparison to 2008

breakings were increased by 2%. This increase was observed during the last three months of 2008 and

the first two months of 2009. This observation made management to revisit its system of patrolling areas.

These areas were demarcated into measureable zone with patrol team around the clock.

Theft of bicyles have been decreasing since 2008. In comparison to 2009 the rate was reduced to 43.1%

because some of bicycle thieves were arrested and imprisoned.
                       FIVE CRIMES OF GREAT CONCERN TO THE PUBLIC
                                              2007                 2008                      2009
Murder                                           1                    6                         4
Sexual Offences                                 33                   33                        31
Theft of bicycle                               153                  176                       100
Breaking offences and Burglary                 258                  329                       336
General Theft                                  367                  462                       370


                                      CRIME OF GREAT CONCERN TO THE PUBLICUnlawful Wounding 135

               2000                                                                  General Theft 420
               1800
               1600
   FREQUENCY




               1400
               1200                                                                  General Theft 1204
               1000
                800
                600
                400                                                                  General Theft 1204
                200
                  0
                        4        10           12           5              5
                                                                                     Breaking offences and Assualt Cases
                                             YEARS                                   increased by 163.5% and
                                                                                     in 2006 as compared


NUMBER OFCRIMINAL CASES REPORTED AS COMPARED TO COMPLTED CASES

                                      2007               2008                 2009
Reported                              1688               1864                 1618
withdrawn                               45                 48                   49
Acquital                                 8                 21                   19
Discharged                               4                 13                   10
Conviction                             243                264                  262


                      NUMBER OF CRIMINAL CASES REPORTED AS COMPARED TO COMPLETED CASES



               1.2
                1                                                                               in 2009 ascompared to
   FREQUENCY




               0.8                                                                              in 2009 ascompared to
               0.6                                                                              in 2009 ascompared to
               0.4                                                                              in 2009 ascompared to
               0.2                                                                              in 2009 ascompared to
                0
                                               YEARS



Detection Rate for the year 2009 is 54.6% while Clearance Rate during the same year is 35.1%
MAJOR CAUSES OF CRIME & CRIME MAPPING

Salima District has the following crime prone areas namely

           1            SENGABAY- (Breaking and Theft offences) more criminals tend to flock into the area

                                       inorder to steal or rob from tourists.


           2            KAMUZU ROAD TRADING CENTRE-(Assualt cases,Robberies & Breaking Offences)

                        Robberies/Breaking offences:                    Bottle stores and bars operates over night creating

                                                                        hidding places for criminals who at odd hours they

                                                                        go for criminal operations


                        Assault Cases:                                  Due to drunkness and drug abuse


           3            OTHER CRIME PRONE AREAS

                        The following are other crime prone urban areas

                        These include:-        Malimba/Chimweta and Takumana - House Breaking and Theft,

                                               Theft of bicycles

                                               Msangu/ Maploti and Mtukulamwendo - House Breaking, Bulglary
                                               and Theft

                                               Salima Main Market, Bus Depot - Theft cases

                                               Town Centre and Senior Quarters - Breaking offences and

                                               Theft of Bicycles


                        The following are other crime prone rural areas

                                               Siyasiya Trading Centre - Assault cases

                                               Maganga Area - Assault and General Theft

                                               Makiyoni Trading Centre - Geneal Theft, Assault Cases

                                               Kachulu/Lifuwu - Theft of cattle
                        PRESENT ROAD ACCIDENT AND PATTERN

Salima Police Station registered the following number of road accident in 2007, 2008 and 2009

                                                                2007       2008          2009   Remarks
                        Fatal                                     37         31            20   35.4%Decrease
                        Serious                                   21         14             9   35.7 Decrease
                        Minor                                     54         27            16   40.7 Decrease
                        Damages                                    9          5             1   80% Decrease
                        Animal Killed/Injured                      3          0             0   0%
                        TOTAL                                    124         77            46   40.2% Decrease


PIE CHART SHOWING COMPARISON IN NUMBER OF ROAD ACCIDENT
                   REGISTERED IN 2007,2008 AND 2009


                        PIE CHART SHOWING CATEGORY OF ROAD ACCIDENT REGISTERED IN 2007



                                         7% 2%
                                                                                                Fatal
                                                      30%
                                                                                                Serious
                                                                                                Minor
                                   44%                                                          Damages
                                                      17%                                       Animal Killed/Injured




                       PIE CHART SHOWING CANTEGORY OF ROAD ACCIDENT REGISTERED IN 2008




                                         6%      0%
                                                                                                 Fatal
                                                        41%                                      Serious
                                 35%                                                             Minor
                                                                                                 Damages
                                                                                                 Animal Killed/Injured
                                              18%
                       PIE CHART SHOWING CATEGORY OF ROAD ACCIDENT REGISTERED IN 2009



                                         2%    0%
                                                                                                Fatal
                                 35%                                                            Serious
                                                    43%
                                                                                                Minor
                                                                                                Damages
                                                                                                Animal Killed/Injured
                                         20%




The average number of road accident recorded per month during the year 2009 is 5.
However, the station registered average number of accident per category during the
year 2009 as follows:


                          1      Fatal                                2 Accidents per month

                          2      Serious                              1 Accident per month

                          3      Minor                                1 Accident per month

                          4      Damages                              0 Accident per month

                          5      Animal Killed/Injured                0 Accident per month

                      From the percentages given on the chart the number of road accident decreased by

                      40.2% during the year 2009 as compared to the year 2008 because of the following

                      reasons.

                           i     Effective traffic checks and patrols conducted

                          ii     Civic Education conducted on road safety awareness campaigns

                          iii    Increase in number of arrests effected and spot fines given to offenders once

                                 commited any traffic offences

                          iv     Introduction of rural patrols in all 10 T/As

                          v      Establishment of Community Road Safety Committee.

                          vi     Demarction of Crime Zones supervised by Senior Officers(Task Team)



                      The Station registered the following as victim of road accident divided into following
categories

CATEGORY                   2007        2008        2009    Remarks
Drivers                      3           3           1     66.6% Decease
Pedal Cyclists              35          19          17     10.5% Decrease
Passengers                  22          10          18     80% Increase
Pedestrians                 32          30          18     40% Decrease
Total                       92          62          54     12.9% Decrease

       L
REMARKS: ooking into the chart with the given statistic of casualties registered,

             the station registered a decrease in number of pedal cyclists, drivers and

             pedestrians involved in road accidents during the year 2009 as compared to

             accident by year 2008 and 2007.

             However, there was an increase in number of passengers involved in road

             by 80% in 2009 as compared to 2008

             In general, the number of casualties involved in road accidents decreased

             by 12.9% during the year 2009 as compared to that of 2008 because

             of the reason mentioned above


             Attached to this is Map of Salima District showing some of the accidents

             hot spotsregistered for the year 2009 indicating the nature of accident


             See Attached to this is Map of Salima District showing some

             of the accidents hot spotsregistered for the year 2009 indicating

             the nature of accident.

    1        Along Salima -Sengabay( Between Msangu Trading Centre to Ngolwindo
             Primary School Nature of accident - Fatal

    2        Along Salima - Nkhotakota Road ( Levi, Siyasiya and Namachete) Nature of
              accident - Fatal and Serious.

    3        Along Salima -Lilongwe ( Naluva, Makande and Kanyenyeva) Nature of
             accident - Fatal,Seriou and Damages
      4     Along Salima - Balaka Road ( Mlamba, Katelera, Lifidzi Trading Centre)
            Nature of accident - Serious, Minor and damages.


NB:         The main cause of road accident registered in Salima District for the past
             three years is overspeeding and inconsiderate driving due to drink and drive .
            by most drivers

STAKE HOLDERS

Salima Police Station has the following Stakeholders

      1     Business Community

      2     Farmers

      3     Traditional Leaders

      4     Heads of Government Institutions

      5     Courts

      6     Community at large

PRESENT RESOURCE LEVELS AND DISTRIBUTION

Salima Police Station has three (3) motor vehicle and two (2) motor cycle. One vehicle

was located to Chipoka Police Post while the rest are used at the Parent Station.

Two (2) motor cycles and three(3) bicycles are under Community Policing Branch.

The Station also has seven packsets to ease flow of communication.


CHALLENGES

The station fanced the following challenges during first quarter of 2010

          . Data presentation due to lack of computer
          . Insufficient funding
          . Shortage of manpower
          . Mobility - Transport not enough
WAY FORWARD

     . Continuation of effective day and night patrols
     . Apprehending and bringing criminals before court of laws
     . Conducting sweepings, raids and ambushes
     . Civic education to the generalpublic in matters concerning security
     . Conducting road safety campaigns
     . Conducting intesive traffic checks.
1




2
a fee of some




                CONST   TOTAL
                  84     114
                  10      17
                   3       5
                   6      13
                   1       2
                   4       4
                           2
                  1        1
                  2        5
                  3        6
                 113     169




                            3
4
5
e it is a place




a Task Team

s conducting




                  6
                  7
8
own Assembly




and northern




               9
years as shown
TOTAL 1688 1864

TOTAL 1688 1864

TOTAL 1688 1864

TOTAL 1688 1864

TOTAL 1688 1864

TOTAL 1688 1864

TOTAL 1688 1864

TOTAL 1688 1864




                  10
                  11
           135




g offences and Assualt Cases
           % and 122% respectively
as compared




PLETED CASES




           ascompared to 2008.
           ascompared to 2008.
           ascompared to 2008.
           ascompared to 2008.
           ascompared to 2008.




                                     12
king Offences)

tes over night creating

who at odd hours they




ng and Theft,



aking, Bulglary




                          13
us


ages
al Killed/Injured
al
ous
or
mages
mal Killed/Injured




offenders once




                     14
 compared to




ete) Nature of




                 15
                 16
drink and drive .




                    17
                                  POLICING AREA
Salima District is situated to the East of Lilongwe District. It is 103km from Lilongwe old town to

Salima Zero Point. The district is sharing boundaries with Nkhotakota to the North, Dowa and

Ntchisi to the North - West, Dedza to the South and Lake Malawi to the East.

Salima district has atotal area of 2,196square Kilometres which is 2.3% of Malawi Land surface.

From the 2009 Human Population Census, the district has a population of 340,327 people. It has a

Police Station which is situated on grid reference 658475 and has one Police Post- Chipoka and following

Police Units; Sengabay, Chitala, Lifuwu and Kamuzu Road Listening Unit with a total number of 168 Police Officers .

Therefore the ratio of police officers to population is 1:2,025.

The following are number of Traditional Authorities, Group Village Headmen, Village Headmen under Salima Policing Area.



                       Traditional Authority            No. OF G/V/H/Men                    NO. of V/H/Men
          1            Kalonga                               22                                    195
          2            Ndindi                                10                                     61
          3            Kambwiri                              23                                     75
          4            Pemba                                 18                                     87
          5            Khombedza                             25                                    193
          6            Maganga                               10                                     62
          7            Kuluunda                               3                                     31
          8            Mwanza                                33                                    153
          9            Msosa                                  8                                     46
         10            Kambalame                              6                                     28
        Total                                               158                                    931




                                                                                                                          1
                        THE OFFICER IN CHARRGE - MR J.R. NJOKA, A.C.P.

                        SALIMA POLICE STATION VISION

                        "Creating a safe and secure Salima District"

                        OUR MISSION
We Salima Police working in patnership with the community shall provide quality internal security services
for all by:
                    .
                    Maintaining law and order
                    .
                    Protecting life and property
                    .
                    Preventing crime
                    .
                    Investigating and detecting crime
                    .
                    Reducing the fear of crime
                    .
                    Apprehending and bringing all offenders to justice
                    .
                    Promoting road safety
                    .
                    Safeguarding the freedoms and rights of all people
                    .
                    Respecting the rule of law in accordance with the constitution.

SALIMA POLICE STATION STANDARDS


                        We ensure that telephone calls are answered before the third bell rings

                        Meals and other food stuff are provided to suspects in custody

                        Bail is granted to suspects free of charge

                        Every suspect is taken to court within 48hours

                        Action is taken within 48hours when we receive complaint or a report of any kind

                        We provide free services. However, there are special cases which attracts a fee of some

                        kind in accordance with government regulations

                        Sensitive issues are treated with confidentiality.


                                                                                                                  2
                       TOTAL NUMBER OF PERSONNEL AND FUNCTIONS BY BRANCH

The station has the following strength divided into different police branches.

      BRANCH                                                    RANKS
                        A.C.P.    S/SUPT      SUPT A/SUPT          INSP          S/INSP      SGT        CONST    TOTAL
General Duties            1          1          2     0              4              11        10          84      114
CID                                                                                 5         2           10       17
Prosecution                                               1                         1         1           3         5
Traffic                                                                             3         4           6        13
Signals                                                                             1                     1         2
Transport                                                                                                 4         4
Research & Planning                                                                1           1                    2
Public Relations                                                                                           1        1
Administration                                                                    1            2           2        5
Community Policing                                                                1            2           3        6
Total                      1          1         2         1           4           24           22         113     168




                                 ROLES AND FUNCTIONS OF PERSONNEL

The personnel at Salima Police Station are executing their duties in different Police branches as specialists.




                                 THE STATION OFFICER - S/SUPT P.B. CHINSEU
                                          (CRIME OFFICER)




                                                                                                                         3
i.        INVESTIGATION BRANCH PERSSONNEL (GENERAL DUTIES)




          INVESTIGATION BRANCH OFFICER (IBO) - SUPT DAN SAUTENI


      ·     They investigate minor offences i.e. assaults, simple thefts, etc.

      ·     Monitoring welfare of suspects in custody

      ·      Maintenance of occurrence book

      ·      Conducting rural and town patrols

      ·      Maintaining public order

      ·      Preventing crime


ii.         PROSECUTION PERSONNEL




          STATION PROSECUTION OFFICER - A/SUPT FYSON B. THAWIHA


      ·      Bringing offendersto justice

      ·     Remanding of accused persons to prison

      ·      Maintenance of daily court records

      ·      Summoning witnesses for court
                                                                                 4
iii.            CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION BRANCH




            STATION CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION OFFICER - D/S/INSP. R KAPESA


       Personnel in this branch are specialized in:

        ·      Detecting serious offences i.e. murder, sexual offences, etc.

        ·     Surveillance of known criminals

        ·      Taking fingerprints ffrom the scene of crime

        ·      Identifying informants

        ·      Collection of intelligence



iv.            SIGNALS BRANCH




            STATION SIGNALS OFFICER - SGR/S/INSP. LOVENESS CHIPAMPHA



        It’s a communication branch, it transmits and receives messages from other policing

            formations. Wireless messages are very reliable than telephone messages

            Personnel in this branch are called signalers.




                                                                                              5
          STATION TRAFFIC OFFICER(STO) - T/S/INSP. MATHABEKA .C. GOLOZERA



v.            TRAFFIC BRANCH PERSONNEL

                     ·       Conducting community road safety campaigns

                     ·       Traffic control

                     ·      Preventing road accidents

                     ·      Impounding unroad worthy vehicles

      ·              .      To check validity of motor vehicle licences, C.O.F, Insurance

                            and Drivers’ Licences, etc




          RECORDS OFFICER (RO) - S/INSP. GODFREY MVULA

vi.           RECORDS PERSONNEL

          ·      Safekeeping of exhibits and other properties

      ·        Registration of files

      ·        Facilitate movements of files and exhibits

      ·        Maintenance of registers i.e. exhibit registers, lost and found property, etc

      ·        Keeping vital records which facilitate police work

          .        Preservation of data
                                                                                               6
            ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICER (AO) - ST/S/INSP. HAWARD KAYUNI

vii.          ADMINISTRATION PERSONNEL

        ·      Human Resource Management

        ·      Preparation of payment vouchers

        ·      Preparation of salaries and allowances


        ·      Payment of utilities i.e. electricity, water and telephone bills

        ·      Purchasing of office needs i.e. stationery and other related materials

        ·      Looking into welfare of all Police personnel

viii.        COMMUNITY POLICING PERSONNEL




            COMMUNITY POLICING COORDINATOR (CPC) - S/INSP. LUKA BANDA


        ·      They encourage partnership between the Police and the general public

        ·      They civic educate the general public on how they can prevent crime and
                 how they can take part in fight against crime

        ·      They support victims of crime

        ·      Confronting broken marriages (acting as mediators)

        ·      They coordinate with social welfare officer on matters concerning orphans and
                destitute, etc.


                                                                                               7
ix.   RESEARCH AND PLANNING LIAISON OFFICERS




      RESEARCH AND PLANNING LIAISON OFFICER - S/INSP. MC WIN GAUSI


      .      Supporting the Officer In Charge station in the planning process by facilitating the
             develoment, implementation and monitoring of the station plans

      .      Coordinating the collection of the data necessary for the development, implementation
             monitoring and evaluation of Station Plans

      .      Conducting Crime Pattern Analysis to facilitate strategic and tactical decesions at Station
             level e.g. deployment of patrols.

      .      Preparing monthly reports to facilitate station performance review and submission of such
             reports to the region

      .      Preparing quartely progress reports on progress of implementation of plans

      .      Preparing necessary diagrams e.g. Maps, Charts and Graphs to facilitate station
             performance review.

      .      Keeping the Officer In - Charge abreast with the implementation of the plan

      .      Arranging weekly meeting for the station and maintaining records for the meeting




                                                                                                           8
         x.           PUBLIC RELATIONS OFFICER




                      PUBLIC RELATIONS OFFICER - NO.A8890 CONST GIFT CHITOWE



                      .         To link between the police and media

                      .         To deserminate information at the right time and right place

                      .         To link between Station, Region and National Police Headquarters


                                FURTHEST DISTANCE FROM POLICE STATION

The distance from the police station to the furthset point is Gulani Village which is about 60km from Salima

Boma and it marks the boundaries between Salima and Nkhotakota to the North East of Salima.

                                SOCIAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

The district is composed of Yao and Tonga Tribes who live along the Lake Shore of Lake Malawi in

areas of T/A Msosa, Bibi Kuluunda Maganga,and Kambalame where they do fishing. The Chewa Tribe

dominate in areas of T/A Khombedza, Mwanza, Kalonga and Kambwiri where they practice Farming

by cultivating major crops such as tobacco, Maize and cotton. The Central Town has been occupied by

different tribes who work in different Government Departments and other private sectors.

The district has the following farming areas owned by Press Agriculture Limited.



                          1     Kaputu Estate where Maize,S oya beans, Cashewnuts are grown

                          2     Chikwawa Estate where Maize,Soya beans and Cashew nuts are grown

                          3     Nakondwa Estate Maize and Cashew nuts

Other communal farming areas include Scheme I to V situated along Salima - Nkhotakota and the following

crops are grown in these schemes; Maize, Soya beans, Cotton Tobbaco and Groundnuts
                                                                                                               9
MAJOR INSTALLATIONS


Salima District has the following major installation:

                           1     Najoka Escom Power Control Supply

                           2     MTL Transmitters

                           3     Chipoka Habour


RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE GENERAL PUBLIC AND POLICE

COMMUNITY POLICING:

As the public need a crime free society for the betterment of development, theyare very supportive to the

Police. This is done through Community Policing Coordinators.


They formed Crime Prevention Forums in all the ten traditional authorities. Under villageheadmen,

they formed Crime Prevention Committee whilst at group village headmen, they formed Crime prevention

Panels. These Committees were formed with the aim to assist the police in fighting crime at grass root

level. The community is supportive to police since the station established CPPs and CPCs,

whereby vital information easily reaches us and in addition some arrests are done by the community

through public tips.




                                                                                                            10
The meetings had the following objectives:-


         1           To protect life and properties (Crime prevention)


         2           Awareness campaigns on

                         i.     Gender Based Violence i.e. Women /Child Protection


                         ii.    Anti - Political violences


                        iii.    Human/Child Trafficking (Child Labour)


                        iv.     Drug/Alcohol abuse


                         v.     Primary Justice


                         vi     Anti - School blocks, bridges, MTL Vandalism


                        vii     Illegal immigrants


                        viii.   Food Security




                         x      Public Service delivery (Service Charter)




                                                                                     12
    AREAS OF PUBLIC CONCENTRATION/CRIME PRONE AREAS

1   SENGABAY:

    This area is one of prone areas in the district for crime because it has an

    International Standard Hotel under Sunbird,and over sixty (60) tourist resorts,

    Cottages and Lodges that provide tourism services to an increasing number of

    foreign and domestic vistors annually.

    With this regard, more criminals tend to flock into the area inorder to steal or rob

    of peoples property.

    However, the Station strategised the area by establishing a Crime Prevention Pannel

    headed by a white European Lady named Sarmathur Ludick and among the members

    elected in the pannel are officers from Malawi Defence Force.

2   KAMUZU ROAD TRADING CENTRE

    This is another crime prone area which register high rate of crime because it is a place

    with major bottle stores, Bars. There is also a fish market that operate through out the night. These

    facilities also form hiding places for different criminals. However, the Station divided

    the district into five zones for effective day and night patrols supervised by a Task Team

    comprising of Senior Police Officer inorder to make sure that police officers conducting

    patrols are performing police duties professionally and effectively to meet public

    expectations.


3   OTHER CRIME PRONE AREAS

    These include:-        Malimba/Chimweta and Takumana

                           Msangu/ Maploti and Mtukulamwendo

                           Salima Main Market, Bus Depot

                           Town Centre and Senior Quarters




                                                                                                            14
                                    CULTURAL AND RELIGIOUS BELIEFS

Christianity and Islam are two major religions in the district. 65% of the inhabitants are christians

and 29% are moslems, 4% have no specific religions and 2% practice religious other than

christianity and Islam.


There are two types of marriages in the district thus Patrilineal and Matrilineal. In Patrilineal the

wife settles at the husband's home and in locally known as Chitengwa. While Matrilineal is

commonly known as Chikamwini, the husband settles at wife;s home.


POLYGAMY is also practised. Other cultural practises are traditional dances and initiation ceremonies

rituals such as Chikule, Jando, Chisamba and Gulewankulu.


CHIKULE:                  Chikule is observed by Chewa whereby both girls and boys who have come out of age

                          observe

JANDO:                    Young boys of yao undergo for circumcission and counselling, such as respect,

                          puberty stages

MSONDO:                   For young girls especially the yao wehreby they are also counselled on respecting

                          their husbands if they get married,or to their parents and also their puberty stages

GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES

MOUNTAIN, RIVERS AND DRAINAGE SYSTEM:

Salima district has the following geographical features;

It experiences some variation in the landform and altitude. It ranges from the rift valley floor,.

especially from the lake to hilly areas. The valley floor has an altitude ranging from 100-500M above

the sea level. Whilst the upland its from 500-1000M above sea level.

Lake Malawi has an Island at Mbenje fishing bay within area of T/A Msosa

where there are different types of snakes which do not bite people and no body is allowed to kill them and

women are not allowed to go to this place.

It has a drainange pattern which starts from the upland where we have many rivers and the

well known are Chitala, Dwele, Chiluwa, Ngodzi, Lifidzi, Liwadzi, Lilongwe, Lingadzi and Lithipe                 15
There is Government Forest Reserve at Thuma sistuated about 16 Kilometres to the

West of Salima Zero Point. The district has also one Community Game

Ranch at KUTI about 8 Kilometres from Salima Main Town with several interesting wild animals namely

Hynas, Giraffes, Erands, Wild Pigs, Oustriches, Horses, Antilopes, Hare

                                 MAJOR BUILDINGS
The district has the following Major Buildings

          1          Governemnet Departments such as the District Commissioners Offices, Town Assembly

                     Offices, Agriculture Development Offices, Forestry Offices, Water and Labour

                     Departments Offices.

          2          Shoping Centres, Chipiku, Metro, PTC, etc.

          3          Five Major Filling Stations and rehabilitation of one oil reserve at Chipoka underway.

          4          Six Banks and Two Army Camps

          5          The district has one Central Hospital, 12 Healths Centres, 4 Dispensaries and two
                     private hospitals.
                     There are also 123 Primary Schools, 2 conventional Secondary Schools, 13 Approved

                     Community Day Secondary Schools and One Private Seconadry School.
ROAD NETWORK:        Salima has good road network worth investing. The total road network of the district is about 800 km.

                     It has 5 classes of roads:

   A. Main roads:-       M005 runs from Ngodzi in T/A Kambalame to T/A Mwanza with a distance of

                     of 80km. This is lakeshore road which connects southern region to central and northern

                     regions.

                       M014 which starts from Kamuzu Road to Kanengo passing through Kanyenyeva

                       which marks the boundary between Salima and Dowa District with total distance

                         of about 20km.



B. Secondary roads:-     they form smallest percentage of road network.

                       S122 (20km) it starts from Livingstonia Beach Hotel to kamuzu Road Trading Centre

                          where it joins M 5.


                       S119 (18km) it starts from Chikwawa Estates to Changoma                                               16
C. Tertiary Roads- they are linked to very crucial places of the district.


NEW DEVELOPMENT:

Currently Salima District has the following new developments;

          1            Settlement Area at T/A Mwanza

          2            Upgrading of Maganga Health Centre to a Rural Hospital


ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

Salima poverty rate is at 57.3% which is slightly higher than the national average of 52.4%.

Four major economic activies in Salima District are:


          1            Fishing - In the following T/As; T/A Msosa, Bibi Kuluunda Maganga,and Kambalame and

                       the following types of fish are caught, Chambo, Kambuzi, Usipa, Mpasa


          2            Agriculture Farming - Mainly in T/A Khombedza, Mwanza, Kalonga, Kambwiri

                       and Pemba crops grown include; Maize, Groundnuts, Cotton, Cassava, Tobbaco while in

                       T/A Kuluunda and Maganga, Rice and Maize is grown.

          3            Manufacturing Factory - Cooking oil factory at Ngolowindo called Chima Investiments


          4            Trading - Selling second hand clothes, fish mongering, wholesale, retail, hardware,

                       grocery, bars and butchery




                                                                                                             17
                     CRIME LEVELS AND PATTERN

                     Salima Police Station registered the following penal cases in the following years as shown

                     in the table 1 below:

                         2005        2006    2007      2008          2009        2010

JANUARY                   182         186     154      127             177        128
FEBRUARY                  148         147     140      140             171        148
MARCH                     131         126     121      137             159        159
APRIL                     121         125     131      143             114        164
MAY                       137         114     149      153             107        140
JUNE                      152         127     122      155             115
JULY                      190         147     137      166             145
AUGUST                    172         131     142      149             130
SEPTEMBER                 156         143     138      170             128
OCTOBER                   141         126     149      167             129
NOVEMBER                  142         139     150      154             110
DECEMBER                  154         133     155      203             133
TOTAL                    1688        1864    1618    1,864          1,618        739




                     NUMBER OFCRIMINAL CASES REPORTED CASES AGAINST
                                PERIOD FROM 2005 TO 2009

               250
   FREQUENCY




               200
               150
               100                                                                                                2005
                50                                                                                                2006
                 0                                                                                                2007
                                                                                                                  2008
                                                                                                                  2009



                                                        MONTHS



The Station registered a decrease in number of criminal cases reported by 13.2% in 2009 as compared to 2008
because of intensive day and night patrols carried around clock and demarcation of measurable patrol zones
supervised by Patrol Team.
                                                                                                                     18
MAJOR CRIME OF CONCERN FROM 2005TO 2009 AND JAN TO MAY, 2010


                                2005     2006     2007       2008        2009          2010
Murder                            7        9        1          6           4             1
Sexual Offences                  14       29        33        33           33            14
Robberies                        57       41        54        52           38            15
Breaking Offences                181      477      258       329          336           163
Assault Cases                    169      376      178       155           94            72
Theft of Cattle                  43       22        20        23           23            16
Theft of Bicycle                 171      158      153       176          100            67
Grevious Harm                     7        4        10        12           5             5
Unlawful Wounding                135      139      166       104          126            58
General Theft                    420      545      367       462          370           147
                                1204     1800     1240       1352        1129           558


Breaking offences and Assualt Cases increased by 163.5% and 122% respectively in 2006 as compared
to 2005. There was an increase in such cases by 21.1% and 39.3% in 2009 as compared to 2008.
However the station registered a decrease in General Theft by 19.9% and Theft of Bicycles by 43.2%
in 2009 ascompared to 2008.




                      MAJOR CRIME OF CONCERN REGISTERED FROM 2005
                                        TO 2009

               2000                                                                            Murder
               1800
                                                                                               Sexual Offences
               1600
                                                                                               Robberies
   FREQUENCY




               1400
               1200                                                                            Breaking Offences
               1000                                                                            Assault Cases
                800                                                                            Theft of Cattle
                600
                                                                                               Theft of Bicycle
                400
                200                                                                            Grevious Harm
                  0                                                                            Unlawful Wounding
                        2005      2006           2007          2008             2009           General Theft
                                                YEARS                                          General Theft


Detection Rate for the year 2009 is 54.6% while Clearance Rate during the same year is 35.1%




                                                                                                                   19
MAJOR CAUSES OF CRIME & CRIME MAPPING

Salima District has the following crime prone areas namely

          1           SENGABAY- (Breaking and Theft offences) more criminals tend to flock into the area

                                   inorder to steal or rob from tourists.


          2           KAMUZU ROAD TRADING CENTRE-(Assualt cases,Robberies & Breaking Offences)

                      Robberies/Breaking offences:             The presence Bottle stores and bars operates over night creat

                                                               hidding places for criminals who at odd hours go for

                                                                criminal operations


                      Assault Cases:                           Due to drunkness and drug abuse by most people


          3           OTHER CRIME PRONE AREAS

                      The following are other urban crime prone urban areas

                      These include:-      Malimba/Chimweta and Takumana - House Breaking and Theft,

                                            Theft of bicycles occur

                                           Msangu/ Maploti and Mtukulamwendo - House Breaking, Bulglary
                                           and Theft occur

                                           Salima Main Market, Bus Depot - Theft cases and Theft of bicycles occur

                                           Town Centre and Senior Quarters - Breaking offences and

                                           Theft of Bicycles occur


                      The following are other rural crime prone rural areas

                                           Siyasiya Trading Centre - Assault cases

                                           Maganga Area - Assault and General Theft

                                           Makiyoni Trading Centre - Geneal Theft, Assault Cases

                                           Kachulu/Lifuwu - Theft of cattle




                                                                                                                               20
                      PRESENT ROAD ACCIDENT PATTERN

Salima Police Station registered the following number of road accident in2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009,
and January to May, 2010.


                                     Fatal     Serious Minor    Damages    Animal Killed                 Total
                            2005      19         25     62        35               7                      148
                            2006      19         17     68        22               2                      128
                            2007      37         21     54         9               3                      124
                            2008      31         14     27         5               0                       77
                            2009      20          9     16         1               0                       46
                            2010       9          7      2         2               0                       20




                    GRAPH SHOWING ROAD ACCIDENTS STATISTICS, 2005 TO 2009

               80
               70
               60                                                                                                2005
   FREQUENCY




               50                                                                                                2006
               40                                                                                                2007
               30                                                                                                2008
               20                                                                                                2009
               10
                0
                    Fatal                  Serious          Minor           Damages            Animal Killed
                                                     NATURE OF ACCIDENTS




The average number of road accident recorded per month during the year 2009 is 5.
However, the station registered average number of accident per category during the
year 2009 as follows:

                            1      Fatal                       2 Accidents per month

                            2      Serious                     1 Accident per month

                            3      Minor                       1 Accident per month

                            4      Damages                     0 Accident per month

                            5      Animal Killed/Injured       0 Accident per month

                      From the percentages given on the chart the number of road accident decreased by

                      40.2% during the year 2009 as compared to the year 2008 because of the following

                      reasons.                                                                                          21
      i   Effective traffic checks and patrols conducted

   ii     Civic Education conducted on road safety awareness campaigns

   iii    Increase in number of arrests effected and spot fines given to offenders once

          commited any traffic offences

   iv     Introduction of rural patrols in all 10 T/As

   v      Establishment of Community Road Safety Committee.

   vi     Demarction of Crime Zones supervised by Senior Officers(Task Team)


NB:       The main cause of road accident registered in Salima District for the past
           five (5)years is overspeeding and inconsiderate driving due to drink and drive .
          by most drivers

STAKE HOLDERS

Salima Police Station has the following Stakeholders

   1      Business Community

   2      Farmers

   3      Traditional Leaders

   4      Heads of Government Institutions

   5      Courts

   6      Community at large


PRESENT RESOURCE LEVELS AND DISTRIBUTION

Salima Police Station has four (4) motor vehicle three (3 ) runners and one (1) non runner which

is currently under mentainance. One vehiclewas located to Chipoka Police Post while the rest are

used at the Parent Station. Two (2) motor cycles and three(3) bicycles are under Community

Policing Branch.The Station also has seven packsets to ease flow of communication.




                                                                                                   22
SUCCESSES:

       . Crime reduction by 13.2% in 2009 as compared to 2008
       . Crime free during 2009 General Election and 2009 Subsidy Distribution exercise
       . Public participation in Community Policing through arrests, tips and recoveries
       . Increase in number of Gender Based Cases by 22% due to awareness campaign.
       .   Participation in the Piolt Project of Public Service delivery(Service Charter) led to provision

           of quality services to our customers.


CHALLENGES:

The station fanced the following challenges during first quarter of 2010

       . Data presentation due to lack of computer
       . Insufficient funding
       . Shortage of manpower
       . Mobility - Transport not enough
       . Incomplete VSU Office

WAY FORWARD

       . Continuation of effective day and night patrols
       . Apprehending and bringing criminals before court of laws
       . Conducting sweepings, raids and ambushes
       . Civic education to the generalpublic in matters concerning security
       . Conducting road safety campaigns
       . Conducting intesive traffic checks.
       . Repairing of one vehicle and motor bike for better mobility




                                                                                                             23
17
THE OFFICER IN CHARGE: MR. J.R. NJOKA, A.C.P.
1864   1618
POLICING AREA


Salima District is situated to the East of Lilongwe District. It is 103km from Lilongwe old town to Salima
Zero Point. The district is sharing boundaries with Nkhotakota to the North, Dowa and Ntchisi to the North -
West, Dedza to the South and Lake Malawi to the East. Salima district has a total area of 2,196 square
kilometres which is 2.3% of Malawi Land surface. From the 2008 Human Population Census, the district
has a population of 340,327 people. It has a Police Station which is situated on grid reference 658475
and has got 169 Police Officers, therefore the ratio of police officers to population is 1 : 2,014


                          STATION STRENGTH BY BRANCH AND RANK


The station has the following strength divided into different police branches.


          BRANCH                                                  RANKS
                           A.C.P. S/SUPT        SUPT A/SUPT INSP           S/INSP      SGT      CONST        TOTAL   TOTAL
General Duties                1         2         2         0          4      11        10           84       114     114
CID                                                                              5       2           10       17      17
Prosecution                                                 1                    1       1           3         5       5
Traffic                                                                          3       4           6        13      13
Signals                                                                          1       0           1         2       2
Transport                                                                        0       0           4         4       4
Research & Planning                                                              1       1           0         2       2
Public Relations                                                                 0       0           1         1       1
Administration                                                                   1       2           2         5       5
Community Policing                                                               1       2           3         6       6
Total                         1         2         2         1          4      24        22           113      169     169
                                                                                                                     1 of 16
Salima Police Station has got one Post and 3 Units. From the total strength distribution of manpower are
as follows:- Mother Station (Salima Police Station) has 120 Personnel, Chipoka Police Post 28, Sengabay
Police Unit 13, Lifuwu Police Unit 4 and finally Chitala 4 Officers.


                                    FURTHEST DISTANCE FROM POLICE STATION


The distance from the police station to the furthset point is Gulani Village which is about 60km from Salima
Boma and it marks the boundaries between Salima and Nkhotakota to the North East of Salima.


                                    SOCIAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
The district is composed of Yao and Tonga Tribes along the Lake Shore in areas of T/A Msosa, Bibi
Kuluunda, Maganga,and Kambalame where they do fishing. The Chewas in areas of T/A Khombedza,
Mwanza, Kalonga and Kambwiri where they cultivate tobacco, maize and cotton. The Central Town is
occupied by different tribes who work in different Government Departments and other private sectors.The
district has three estates owned by Press Agriculture Limited and communal farming areas .i.e Schemes
1 to 5. The poverty rate for Salima District is at 57.3% which is slightly higher than the national average of
52.40%


MAJOR INSTALLATIONS: Salima District has three major installation; Nanjoka Escom Power Control,
M.T.L. Transmiters, and Chipoka Habour.




RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE GENERAL PUBLIC AND POLICE


The public is very supportive to the police through community based policing by forming crime prevention
forums crime prevention pannels and crime prevention committees e.t.c. Some arrests are done by the
community showing an improved relationship.




                                                                                                                     2 of 16
                          AREAS OF PUBLIC CONCENTRATION/CRIME PRONE AREAS
The district has some prone areas i.e Sengabay and Kamuzu Road which is within Town Assembly. At
Senga Bay the station strategize the area by establishing a crime prevention pannel headed by a white
European lady named Sarmathur Ludick and among the members elected in the pannel are officers from
Malawi Defence Force.


                                   CULTURAL AND RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
Christianity and Islam are two major religions in the district. 65% of the inhabitants are christians and 29%
are moslems, 6% have no specific religion There are two types of marriages in the district thus Patrilineal
and Matrilineal. In Patrilineal the wife settles at the husband's home and in locally known as Chitengwa.
While Matrilineal is commonly known as Chikamwini, the husband settles at wife's home.


POLYGAMY is also practised. Other cultural practises are traditional dances and initiation ceremonies
rituals such as Chikule, Jando, Chisamba and Gulewankulu.


CHIKULE:                  Chikule is observed by Chewa tribe whereby both girls and boys who have come out of
                          age observe


JANDO:                    Young boys of yao undergo for circumcission and counselling, such as respect, puberty
                          stages


MSONDO:                   For young girls especially the yaos wehreby they are also counselled on respecting their
                          husband if they get married, or to their parents and also their puberty stages




GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES:


The district has the drainage pattern where river sources are found. Well known rivers are follows well
known are Chitala, Dwele, Chiluwa, Ngodzi, Lifidzi, Liwadzi, Lilongwe, Lingadzi and Lithipe


                                                                                                                   3 of 16
There is an Island at Mbenje fishing bay within area of T/A Msosa where there are different types of snakes
which do not bite people and no body is allowed to kill them and women are not allowed to go to this place.


There is Forest Reserve at Thuma situated about 16 Kilometres to the West of Salima Boma and one
Game Ranch at KUTI about 8 Kilometres from Salima Boma with several interesting wild animals namely
Hynas, Giraffes, Erands, Wild Pigs, Oustriches, Horses, Antilopes, Hare.


                                   MAJOR BUILDINGS
The district has the following Major Buildings:-
            1             Government Offices


            2             Shoping Centres, Chipiku, Metro, PTC, etc.


            3             Five Major Filling Stations and rehabilitation of one oil reserve at Chipoka underway.


            4             Six Banks and Two Army Camps


            5             District Hospital, 12 Healths Centres, 4 Dispensaries and two
                          private hospitals.
            6             There are also 123 Primary Schools, 2 conventional Secondary Schools,
                          13 Approved Community Day Secondary Schools and One Private Seconadry School.




ROAD NETWORK:


Salima has good road network about total distance of 800 km. The M05 Road which connects the cities of
Blantyre and Mzuzu passes through Salima District.Total distance within from Ngodzi to Chiluwa is 80kms.
M014 road which runs from Salima Boma to the Capital City Lilongwe.




                                                                                                                   4 of 16
                          CRIME LEVELS AND PATTERN
Salima Police Station registered the following number of criminal cases 1688 in 2008 & 1864 in 2009


In 2009 the station registered an average of 135 cases per month. The average number of criminal cases
from January to March, 2010 stands at 145 cases per month whilst the average of first quarter of 2009 was
169 cases per month which indicates a decrease in crime levels.




GRAPH SHOWING EIGHT MAJOR CRIME OF CONCERN IN THE DISTRICT AS
REGISTERED IN 2007, 2008 AND 2009 AT SALIMA POLICE STATION.




                                              2007                2008              2009
Breaking offences and Burglary                258                 329              336
Assault Cases                                 354                 271              225
General Theft                                 367                 462              370
Theft of Cattle                               20                  23               23
Theft of bicycle                              153                 176              100
Robbery with violence                         54                  52               38
Murder                                         1                  6                 4
Sexual Offences                               33                  33               31




                                                                                                      5 of 16   5 of 16



                     GRAPH SHOWING MOST PREVALENT CASES


               1.2                                                                          TOTAL 1688
                                                                                            1864
                1                                                                           TOTAL 1688
                                                                                            1864
   FREQUENCY




                                                                                            TOTAL 1688
               0.8                                                                          1864
                                                                                            TOTAL 1688
               0.6                                                                          1864
                                                                                            TOTAL 1688
               0.4                                                                          1864
                                                                                            TOTAL 1688
   FREQUE                                                                                          TOTAL 1688
               0.2                                                                                 1864
                                                                                                   TOTAL 1688
                                                                                                   1864
                0                                                                                  TOTAL 1688
                                                                                                   1864
                                                 YEARS



According to the graphic illastration, breakings have been rising since 2007. In 2009 in comparison to
2008 breakings were increased by 2%. This increase was observed during the last three months of 2008
and the first two months of 2009. This observation made management to revisit its system of patrolling
areas. These areas were demarcated into measureable zone with patrol team around the clock. Theft of
bicycles have been decreasing since 2008. In comparison to 2009 the rate was reduced to 43.1%
because some of bicycle thieves were arrested and imprisoned.




                                                                                                             6 of 16   6 of 16
                            FIVE CRIMES OF GREAT CONCERN TO THE PUBLIC


                                                   2007             2008                 2009
Murder                                                  1               6                  4
Sexual Offences                                     33                  33                 31
Theft of bicycle                                    153                 176               100
Breaking offences and Burglary                      258                 329               336
General Theft                                       367                 462               370


                                                                               Unlawful Wounding 135
                                                                                          Unlawful Wounding 135
                               CRIME CONCERN TO THE PUBLIC
                      CRIME OF GREAT OF GREAT CONCERN TO THE
                                           PUBLIC
                                                                               General Theft 420 Theft 420
                                                                                           General
               2000                        2000
               1800                        1800
               1600                        1600
   FREQUENCY




                              FREQUENCY




               1400                        1400                                General Theft 1204 Theft 1204
                                                                                           General
               1200                        1200
               1000                        1000
                800                          800
                                                                               General Theft 1204 Theft 1204
                600                          600                                           General
                400                          400
                200                          200
                  0                            0                               Breaking offences and
                                                                                            Breaking offences and
                        4                 10     12 4       510    5
                                                                   12               5
                                                                              5 Assualt Cases increasedincreased by
                                                                                            Assualt Cases
                                                                               by 163.5% and 122% 122%
                                                                                             163.5% and
                                              YEARS               YEARS                      respectively
                                                                               respectively in 2006 asin 2006 as
                                                                  by 163.5% and 122% 122%
                                                                                163.5% and
                                             YEARS       YEARS                  respectively
                                                                  respectively in 2006 asin 2006 as
                                                                                compared
                                                                  compared




                                                                                                7 of 16    7 of 16
NUMBER OFCRIMINAL CASES REPORTED AS COMPARED TO COMPLTED CASES


                                            2007      2008         2009
Reported                                    1688      1864         1618
withdrawn                                   45         48           49
Acquital                                     8         21           19
Discharged                                   4         13           10
Conviction                                  243        264          262




                              NUMBER OF CRIMINAL CASES REPORTED AS
                   NUMBER OF CRIMINAL CASES REPORTED AS
                                 COMPARED TO COMPLETED
                      COMPARED TO COMPLETED CASES CASES
                                      1.2
             1.2
                                       1
              1                                                       in 2009 ascompared to
                                                                                    in 2009 ascompared to
                                                                      2008.
 FREQUENCY




                          FREQUENCY




                                      0.8                                           2008.
             0.8
                                                                                    in 2009 ascompared to
                                                                      in 2009 ascompared to
                                      0.6                                           2008.
             0.6                                                      2008.
                                                                                        in 2009 ascompared to
                                                                      in 2009 ascompared to
                                                                                    2008.
             0.4                      0.4
                                                                      2008.         in 2009 ascompared to
                                                                                    2008.
             0.2                      0.2                             in 2009 ascompared to
                                                                      2008.         in 2009 ascompared to
                                                                                        2008.
              0                        0                              in 2009 ascompared to
                                      YEARS           YEARS           2008.



Detection Rate for the year 2009 is 54.6% while Clearance Rate during the same year is 35.1%




                                                                                                8 of 16    8 of 16
MAJOR CAUSES OF CRIME & CRIME MAPPING


Salima District has the following crime prone areas namely
           1            SENGABAY:-         (Breaking and Theft offences) more criminals tend to flock into
                                            the area inorder to steal or rob from tourists.


           2            KAMUZU ROAD TRADING CENTRE: - (Assualt cases,Robberies & Breaking Offences)


                        Robberies/Breaking offences:
                                           This area is meeting place for business people who
                                           come from different places to sell and buy goods and
                                           comodities eg. Fish, tomatoes, Irish potatoes e.tc.And
                                           this causes the area to be busy through out the night and
                                           criminal take an advantage to intermingle with them,
                                           at old hours these criminals go for criminal operations.


                        Assault Cases:     Due to drunkness and drug abuse


           3            OTHER CRIME PRONE AREAS


                        The following are other crime prone urban areas


                        These include:-    Malimba/Chimweta and Takumana - House Breaking and Theft,
                                            Theft of bicycles


                                           Msangu/ Maploti and Mtukulamwendo - House Breaking, Bulglary
                                           and Theft


                                           Salima Main Market, Bus Depot - Theft cases
                                                                                                       9 of 16   9 of 16
                                           Town Centre and Senior Quarters - Breaking offences and
                                           Theft of Bicycles


                        The following are other crime prone rural areas


                                           Siyasiya Trading Centre - Assault cases
                                           Maganga Area - Assault and General Theft
                                           Makiyoni Trading Centre - Geneal Theft, Assault Cases
                                           Kachulu/Lifuwu - Theft of cattle




                        PRESENT ROAD ACCIDENT AND PATTERN
Salima Police Station registered the following number of road accident in 2007, 2008 and 2009
                                              2007     2008         2009    Remarks
                 Fatal                         37       31          20      35.4%Decrease
                 Serious                       21       14           9      35.7 Decrease
                 Minor                         54       27          16      40.7 Decrease
                 Damages                         9      5            1      80% Decrease
                 Animal Killed/Injured           3      0            0      0%
                 TOTAL                        124       77          46      40.2% Decrease




                                                                                             10 of 16 10 of 16
PIE CHART SHOWING COMPARISON IN NUMBER OF ROAD ACCIDENT


                  REGISTERED IN 2007,2008 AND 2009




                                         PIE CHART SHOWING CATEGORY OF ROAD ACCIDENT REGISTERED IN 2007
                     PIE CHART SHOWING CATEGORY OF ROAD ACCIDENT REGISTERED IN 2007



                                         7% 2%                      7% 2%
                                                                                                        Fatal
                                                      30%                        30%
                                                                                                        Serious
                                                                                                        Minor
                                   44%                        44%                                       Damages
                                                      17%                        17%                    Animal Killed/Injured




                                         PIE CHART SHOWING CANTEGORY OF ROAD ACCIDENT REGISTERED IN 2008
                     PIE CHART SHOWING CANTEGORY OF ROAD ACCIDENT REGISTERED IN 2008




                                         6%      0%                  6%     0%
                                                                                                        Fatal
                                                        41%                         41%                 Serious
                                 35%                     35%                                            Minor
                                                                                                        Damages
                                                                                                        Animal Killed/Injured
                                              18%                          18%
                                                                                                                     Fatal
                                                                    41%                         41%                  Serious
                                          35%                        35%                                             Minor
                                                                                                                     Damages
                                                                                                                     Animal Killed/Injured
                                                        18%                         18%




                                                                                                          11 of 16 11 of 16



                                                    PIE CHART ROAD ACCIDENT REGISTERED IN 2009
                                PIE CHART SHOWING CATEGORY OF SHOWING CATEGORY OF ROAD ACCIDENT REGISTERED IN 2009



                                                     2%    0%                    2%    0%
                                                                                                                      Fatal
                                            35%                        35%                                            Serious
                                                                    43%                        43%
                                                                                                                      Minor
                                                                                                                      Damages
                                                                                                                      Animal Killed/Injured
                                                     20%                        20%




The average number of road accident recorded per month during the year 2007, 2008,
2009 was 10, 6, 4 respectively.




                       From the percentages given on the chart the number of road accident decreased by 40.2%
                       during the year 2009 as compared to the year 2008 because of the following reasons.


                           i      Effective traffic checks and patrols conducted.


                          ii      Civic Education conducted on road safety awareness campaigns.


                          iii     Increase in number of arrests effected and spot fines given to offenders
                                  once commited any traffic offences.


                          iv      Introduction of rural patrols in all ten (10) Traditional Authorities
                                                                                                          12 of 16 12 of 16
                          v       Establishment of Community Road Safety Committee.


                          vi      Demarction of Crime Zones supervised by Senior Officers(Task Team).


                       The Station registered the following as victim of road accident divided into following
                       categories:
CATEGORY             2007      2008     2009 Remarks
Drivers                3         3        1    66.6% Decease
Pedal Cyclists         35       19        17   10.5% Decrease
Passengers             22       10        18   80% Increase
Pedestrians            32       30        18   40% Decrease
Total                  92       62        54   12.9% Decrease




      Looking into the chart with the given statistic of casualties registered, the
REMARKS:
          station registered a decrease in number of pedal cyclists, drivers and
          pedestrians involved in road accidents during the year 2009 as compared to
          accident by year 2008 and 2007.


          However, there was an increase in number of passengers involved in road by
          80 % in 2009 as compared to 2008


          In general, the number of casualties involved in road accidents decreased by
          12.9 %during the year 2009 as compared to that of 2008 because of the
          reason mentioned above




                                                                                   13 of 16 13 of 16
See Attached to this is Map of Salima District showing some of the accidents
hot spotsregistered for the year 2009 indicating the nature of accident.


   1      Along Salima -Sengabay( Between Msangu Trading Centre to Ngolowindo
          Primary School Nature of accident - Fatal


   2      Along Salima - Nkhotakota Road ( Levi, Siyasiya and Namachete) Nature of
          accident - Fatal and Serious.


   3      Along Salima -Lilongwe ( Naluva, Makande and Kanyenyeva) Nature of
          accident - Fatal,Seriou and Damages


   4      Along Salima - Balaka Road ( Mlamba, Katelera, Lifidzi Trading Centre)
          Nature of accident - Serious, Minor and damages.


NB:       The main cause of road accident registered in Salima District for the past three
          years is overspeeding and inconsiderate driving due to drink and drive by
         most drivers


STAKE HOLDERS


Salima Police Station has the following Stakeholders


   1     Business Community


   2     Farmers


   3     Traditional Leaders


   4     Heads of Government Institutions
                                                                              14 of 16 14 of 16
   5     Courts


   6     Community at large




PRESENT RESOURCE LEVELS AND DISTRIBUTION


Salima Police Station has :-


    .    three (3) motor vehicle; one vehicle was located to Chipoka Post while the rest
         are used at the parent station
    .    two (2) motor cycles; under Community Policing Branch
    .    three (3) bicycles which are under Community Policing Branch
    .    seven (7) packsets to ease flow of communication




CHALLENGES


The station fanced the following challenges during first quarter of 2010


    .    Data presentation due to lack of computer


    .    Insufficient funding


    .    Shortage of manpower


    .    Mobility - Transport not enough
                                                                            15 of 16 15 of 16
WAY FORWARD


  .   Continuation of effective day and night patrols


  .   Apprehending and bringing criminals before court of laws


  .   Conducting sweepings, raids and ambushes


  .   Civic education to the generalpublic in matters concerning security


  .   Conducting road safety campaigns


  .   Conducting intesive traffic checks.




                                                                                   16 of 16
EGISTERED IN 2007




  Fatal                   Fatal
  Serious                 Serious
  Minor                   Minor
  Damages                 Damages
  Animal Killed/Injured   Animal Killed/Injured




EGISTERED IN 2008




  Fatal                   Fatal
  Serious                 Serious
  Minor                   Minor
  Damages                 Damages
  Animal Killed/Injured   Animal Killed/Injured
  Fatal                    Fatal
  Serious                  Serious
  Minor                    Minor
  Damages                  Damages
  Animal Killed/Injured    Animal Killed/Injured




GISTERED IN 2009




   Fatal                    Fatal
   Serious                  Serious
   Minor                    Minor
   Damages                  Damages
   Animal Killed/Injured    Animal Killed/Injured
6 of 16
             GRAPH SHOWING MOST PREVALENT
                        CASES

            1.2                         TOTAL 1688
                                        1864
             1                          TOTAL 1688
                                        1864
FREQUENCY




                                        TOTAL 1688
            0.8                         1864
                                        TOTAL 1688
            0.6                         1864
                                        TOTAL 1688
            0.4                         1864
                                        TOTAL 1688
                                        1864
            0.2                         TOTAL 1688
                                        1864
             0                          TOTAL 1688
                                        1864
        1864
YEARS
POLICING AREA

Salima District is situated to the East of Lilongwe District. It is 103km from Lilongwe old town to Salima Zero
Point. The district is sharing boundaries with Nkhotakota to the North, Dowa and Ntchisi to the North - West,
Dedza to the South and Lake Malawi to the East. Salima district has atotal area of 2,196square Kilometres
which is 2.3% of Malawi Land surface. From the 2008 Human Population Census, the district has a
populatioof 340,327 people. It has a Police Station which is situated on grid reference 658475 and has
 got 169 Police Officers, therefore the ratio of police officers to population is 1 : 2,014

            STATION STRENGTH BY BRANCH AND RANK

The station has the following strength divided into different police branches.

BRANCH                                                     RANKS
             A.C.P. S/SUPT            SUPT       A/SUPT      INSP        S/INSP      SGT       CONST       TOTAL
General Duties 1       2                2           0          4            11        10         84         114
CID                                                                         5         2          10          17
Prosecution                                         1                       1         1          3           5
Traffic                                                                     3         4          6           13
Signals                                                                     1                    1           2
Transport                                                                                        4           4
Research & Planning                                                         1          1                     2
Public Relations                                                                                   1         1
Administration                                                             1          2            2         5
Community Policing                                                         1          2            3         6
Total          1       2                2           1           4          24         22          113       169

Salima Police Station has got one Post and 3 Units. From the total strength distribution of manpower are
as follows:- Mother Station (Salima Police Station) has 120 Personnel, Chipoka Police Post 28, Sengabay
Police Unit 13, Lifuwu Police Unit 4 and finally Chitala 4 Officers.

                        FURTHEST DISTANCE FROM POLICE STATION

The distance from the police station to the furthset point is Gulani Village which is about 60km from Salima Boma
and it marks the boundaries between Salima and Nkhotakota to the North East of Salima.

                        SOCIAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

The district is composed of Yao and Tonga Tribes along the Lake Shore in areas of T/A Msosa, Bibi Kuluunda,
 Maganga,and Kambalame where they do fishing. The Chewas in areas of T/A Khombedza, Mwanza, Kalonga
and Kambwiri where they cultivate tobacco, Maize and cotton. The Central Town is occupied by different tribes
 who work in different Government Departments and other private sectors.The district has three estates owned
 by Press Agriculture Limited and communal farming areas .i.e Schemes 1 to 5. The poverty rate for Salima
 District is at 57.3% which is slightly higher than the national average of 52.4%.

MAJOR INSTALLATIONS: Salima District has three major installation; Nanjoka Escom Power Control, MTL
Transmiters, and Chipoka Habour.


RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE GENERAL PUBLIC AND POLICE

The public is very supportive to the police through community based policing by forming crime prevention forums,
crime prevention pannels and crime prevention committees e.t.c. Some arrests are done by the community
showing an improved relationship.

            AREAS OF PUBLIC CONCENTRATION/CRIME PRONE AREAS
The didtrict has some prone areas i.e Sengabay and Kamuzu Road which is within Town Assembly. At Sengabay
the station strategize the area by establishing a crime prevention pannel headed by a white European Lady named
Sarmathur Ludick and among the members elected in the pannel are officers from Malawi Defence Force.

                          CULTURAL AND RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
Christianity and Islam are two major religions in the district. 65% of the inhabitants are christians and 29% are
moslems, 6% have no specific religion There are two types of marriages in the district thus Patrilineal and
Matrilineal. In Patrilineal the wife settles at the husband's home and in locally known as Chitengwa. While Matrilineal
is commonly known as Chikamwini, the husband settles at wife's home.

POLYGAMY is also practised. Other cultural practises are traditional dances and initiation ceremonies rituals such
as Chikule, Jando, Chisamba and Gulewankulu.

CHIKULE: Chikule is observed by Chewa tribe whereby both girls and boys who have come out of age
         observe

JANDO:      Young boys of yao undergo for circumcission and counselling, such as respect, puberty stages

MSONDO: For young girls especially the yaos wehreby they are also counselled on respecting their husband
        if they get married, or to their parents and also their puberty stages

GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES:

The district has the drainage pattern where river sources are found. Well known rivers are follows well known are
Chitala, Dwele, Chiluwa, Ngodzi, Lifidzi, Liwadzi, Lilongwe, Lingadzi and Lithipe

There is an Island at Mbenje fishing bay within area of T/A Msosa where there are different types of snakes which
do not bite people and no body is allowed to kill them and women are not allowed to go to this place.

There is Forest Reserve at Thuma sistuated about 16 Kilometres to the West of Salima Boma and one
Game Ranch at KUTI about 8 Kilometres from Salima Boma with several interesting wild animals namely Hynas,
Giraffes, Erands, Wild Pigs, Oustriches, Horses, Antilopes, Hare.

                         MAJOR BUILDINGS
The district has the following Major Buildings:-
    1        Government Offices

     2      Shoping Centres, Chipiku, Metro, PTC, etc.

     3      Five Major Filling Stations and rehabilitation of one oil reserve at Chipoka underway.

     4      Six Banks and Two Army Camps

     5      District Hospital, 12 Healths Centres, 4 Dispensaries and two
            private hospitals.
     6      There are also 123 Primary Schools, 2 conventional Secondary Schools,
            13 Approved Community Day Secondary Schools and One Private Seconadry School.

ROAD NETWORK:

Salima has good road network about total distance of 800 km. The M05 Road which connects the citiesof Blantyre
and Mzuzu passes through Salima District.Total distance within from Ngodzi to Chiluwa is 80kms. MO14 Road
which runs from Salima Boma to the Capital City Llongwe.

            CRIME LEVELS AND PATTERN

            Salima Police Station registered the following number of criminal cases,1688,1864,
            2008, 2009 respectively:
In 2009 the station registered an average of 135 cases per month. The average number of criminal cases from
January to March, 2010 stands at 145 cases per month whilst the average of first quarter of 2009 was 169 cases
per month which indicates a decrease in crime levels.
GRAPH SHOWING EIGHT MAJOR CRIME OF CONCERN IN THE DISTRICT AS
REGISTERED IN 2007, 2008 AND 2009 AT SALIMA POLICE STATION.


Breaking offences and Burglary            2007               2008                   2009
Assault Cases                           258                329                    336
General Theft                           354                271                    225
Theft of Cattle                         367                462                    370
Theft of bicycle                         20                 23                     23
Robbery with violence                   153                176                    100
Murder                                   54                 52                     38
Sexual Offences                          1                  6                      4
                                         33                 33                     31



                               GRAPH SHOWING MOST PREVALENT CASES

               1.2                                                                    TOTAL 1688 1864
                1                                                                     TOTAL 1688 1864
                                                                                      TOTAL 1688 1864
   FREQUENCY




               0.8

               0.6                                                                    TOTAL 1688 1864
               0.4                                                                    TOTAL 1688 1864
               0.2                                                                    TOTAL 1688 1864
                0                                                                     TOTAL 1688 1864
                                               YEARS                                  TOTAL 1688 1864


According to the graphic ellastration, breakings have been rising since 2007. In 2009 in comparison to 2008
breakings were increased by 2%. This increase was observed during the last three months of 2008 and
the first two months of 2009. This observation made management to revisit its system of patrolling areas.
These areas were demarcated into measureable zone with patrol team around the clock.Theft of bicyles have
been decreasing since 2008. In comparison to 2009 the rate was reduced to 43.1% because some of bicycle
 thieves were arrested and imprisoned.


                     FIVE CRIMES OF GREAT CONCERN TO THE PUBLIC

Murder                                  2007               2008                  2009
Sexual Offences                          1                  6                     4
Theft of bicycle                         33                 33                    31
Breaking offences and Burglary          153                176                   100
General Theft                           258                329                   336
                                        367                462                   370
                                           CRIME OF GREAT CONCERN TO THE PUBLIC

               2000                                                                                Unlawful Wounding 135
               1800
               1600
   FREQUENCY




               1400
               1200
               1000                                                                                General Theft 420
                800
                600
                400
                200
                  0
                                 4             10         12            5            5
                                                        YEARS




NUMBER OFCRIMINAL CASES REPORTED AS COMPARED TO COMPLTED CASES

Reported                                2007                   2008                 2009
withdrawn                               1688                   1864                 1618
Acquital                                 45                     48                   49
Discharged                               8                      21                   19
Conviction                               4                      13                   10
                                        243                    264                  262



                                     NUMBER OF CRIMINAL CASES REPORTED AS COMPARED TO
                                                     COMPLETED CASES

                           1.2
                            1
               FREQUENCY




                                                                                                in 2009 ascompared to 2008.
                           0.8
                                                                                                in 2009 ascompared to 2008.
                           0.6
                                                                                                in 2009 ascompared to 2008.
                           0.4
                                                                                                in 2009 ascompared to 2008.
                           0.2
                                                                                                in 2009 ascompared to 2008.
                            0
                                                                  YEARS




Detection Rate for the year 2009 is 54.6% while Clearance Rate during the same year is 35.1%

MAJOR CAUSES OF CRIME & CRIME MAPPING

Salima District has the following crime prone areas namely


          1                SENGABAY:-           (Breaking and Theft offences) more criminals tend to flock into
                                                 the area inorder to steal or rob from tourists.
    2      KAMUZU ROAD TRADING CENTRE: - (Assualt cases,Robberies & Breaking Offences)

           Robberies/Breaking offences:
                               This area is meeting place for business people who
                               come from different places to sell and buy goods and
                               comodities eg. Fish, tomatoes, Irish potatoes e.tc.And
                               this causes the area to be busy through out the night and
                               criminal take an advantage to intermingle with them,
                               at old hours these criminals go for criminal operations.

           Assault Cases:          Due to drunkness and drug abuse

    3      OTHER CRIME PRONE AREAS

           The following are other crime prone urban areas

           These include:-         Malimba/Chimweta and Takumana - House Breaking and Theft,
                                   Theft of bicycles

                                   Msangu/ Maploti and Mtukulamwendo - House Breaking, Bulglary
                                   and Theft

                                   Salima Main Market, Bus Depot - Theft cases

                                   Town Centre and Senior Quarters - Breaking offences and
                                   Theft of Bicycles

           The following are other crime prone rural areas

                                   Siyasiya Trading Centre - Assault cases
                                   Maganga Area - Assault and General Theft
                                   Makiyoni Trading Centre - Geneal Theft, Assault Cases
                                   Kachulu/Lifuwu - Theft of cattle

           PRESENT ROAD ACCIDENT AND PATTERN
Salima Police Station registered the following number of road accident in 2007, 2008 and 2009

                                                2007         2008     2009     Remarks
           Fatal                                 37           31       20      35.4%Decrease
           Serious                               21           14       9       35.7 Decrease
           Minor                                 54           27       16      40.7 Decrease
           Damages                               9            5        1       80% Decrease
           Animal Killed/Injured                 3            0        0       0%
           TOTAL                                124           77       46      40.2% Decrease

PIE CHART SHOWING COMPARISON IN NUMBER OF ROAD ACCIDENT

                                              REGISTERED IN 2007,2008 AND 2009




                             PIE CHART SHOWING CATEGORY OF ROAD ACCIDENT REGISTERED IN 2007



                                              7% 2%
                                                                                                  Fatal
                                                        30%
                                                                                                  Serious
                                                                                                  Minor
                                        44%                                                       Damages
                         PIE CHART SHOWING CATEGORY OF ROAD ACCIDENT REGISTERED IN 2007



                                            7% 2%
                                                                                                   Fatal
                                                         30%
                                                                                                   Serious
                                                                                                   Minor
                                      44%                                                          Damages
                                                         17%                                       Animal Killed/Injured




                        PIE CHART SHOWING CANTEGORY OF ROAD ACCIDENT REGISTERED IN 2008




                                            6%      0%
                                                                                                   Fatal
                                                            41%                                    Serious
                                    35%                                                            Minor
                                                                                                   Damages
                                                                                                   Animal Killed/Injured
                                                 18%




                          PIE CHART SHOWING CATEGORY OF ROAD ACCIDENT REGISTERED IN 2009



                                              2%    0%
                                                                                                    Fatal
                                      35%                                                           Serious
                                                            43%
                                                                                                    Minor
                                                                                                    Damages
                                                                                                    Animal Killed/Injured
                                              20%




The average number of road accident recorded per month during the year 2007, 2008,
2009 was 10, 6, 4 respectively.

          From the percentages given on the chart the number of road accident decreased by 40.2%
          during the year 2009 as compared to the year 2008 because of the following reasons.

               i    Effective traffic checks and patrols conducted.

              ii    Civic Education conducted on road safety awareness campaigns.

              iii   Increase in number of arrests effected and spot fines given to offenders
                     once commited any traffic offences.

              iv    Introduction of rural patrols in all 10 T/As

              v     Establishment of Community Road Safety Committee.
      vi   Demarction of Crime Zones supervised by Senior Officers(Task Team).

The Station registered the following as victim of road accident divided into following categories

CATEGORY                  2007        2008        2009    Remarks
Drivers                    3           3           1      66.6% Decease
Pedal Cyclists             35          19          17     10.5% Decrease
Passengers                 22          10          18     80% Increase
Pedestrians                32          30          18     40% Decrease
Total                      92          62          54     12.9% Decrease

       L
REMARKS: ooking into the chart with the given statistic of casualties registered, the station
       registered a decrease in number of pedal cyclists, drivers and pedestrians involved
       in road accidents during the year 2009 as compared to accident by year 2008
       and 2007.

           However, there was an increase in number of passengers involved in road by 80%
           in 2009 as compared to 2008

           In general, the number of casualties involved in road accidents decreased by 12.9%
           during the year 2009 as compared to that of 2008 because of the reason
           mentioned above

           See Attached to this is Map of Salima District showing some of the accidents
           hot spotsregistered for the year 2009 indicating the nature of accident.

      1    Along Salima -Sengabay( Between Msangu Trading Centre to Ngolwindo
           Primary School Nature of accident - Fatal

      2    Along Salima - Nkhotakota Road ( Levi, Siyasiya and Namachete) Nature of
           accident - Fatal and Serious.

      3    Along Salima -Lilongwe ( Naluva, Makande and Kanyenyeva) Nature of
           accident - Fatal,Seriou and Damages

      4    Along Salima - Balaka Road ( Mlamba, Katelera, Lifidzi Trading Centre)
           Nature of accident - Serious, Minor and damages.


NB:        The main cause of road accident registered in Salima District for the past three
           years is overspeeding and inconsiderate driving due to drink and drive by
           most drivers


STAKE HOLDERS

Salima Police Station has the following Stakeholders

      1    Business Community

      2    Farmers

      3    Traditional Leaders

      4    Heads of Government Institutions

      5    Courts

      6    Community at large
PRESENT RESOURCE LEVELS AND DISTRIBUTION


Salima Police Station has three (3) motor vehicle and two (2) motor cycle. One vehicle was
 located to Chipoka Police Post while the rest are used at the Parent Station. Two (2) motor
cycles and three(3) bicycles are under Community Policing Branch. The Station also has
seven packsets to ease flow of communication.




CHALLENGES

The station fanced the following challenges during first quarter of 2010

     .     Data presentation due to lack of computer

     .     Insufficient funding

     .     Shortage of manpower

     .     Mobility - Transport not enough


WAY FORWARD


     .     Continuation of effective day and night patrols

     .     Apprehending and bringing criminals before court of laws

     .     Conducting sweepings, raids and ambushes

     .     Civic education to the generalpublic in matters concerning security

     .     Conducting road safety campaigns

     .     Conducting intesive traffic checks.




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