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					Department of the Interior
Green Procurement
Fundamentals
“As a Team We Can Make it Green”
                   Brian Heath
               Procurement Analyst
DOI Office of Acquisition and Property Management
                         and
                 Joan Glassman
               Procurement Analyst
               National Park Service
The U.S. Department of the Interior
protects America’s natural resources
and heritage, honors our cultures and
tribal communities, and supplies the
energy to power our future.




                                        2
Procurement and the
Environment
   Purchasing is a core function in all organizations
   Purchasing holds tremendous market power and shoulders big
    responsibilities
   Historically, organizations have not looked to the purchasers to
    support their environmental goals ….
   …Also, end users, procurement, and disposal/end of usefulness
    (solid waste) were considered totally unrelated issues and not as a
    team
   Today we think in terms of “Life Cycle Costs”

                    “As a Team we can make it Green”



                                                                          3
THE FEDERAL FOOTPRINT
   Owns or leases more than
    645,000 non-tactical vehicles
    worldwide
   Manages or owns nearly 1 in
    every 5 acres in the U.S.
   Single largest domestic buyer
    and user of energy
   Spends $7 billion to power
    Federal buildings
   Purchases about $74 billion
    worth of IT equipment and
    services per year
   Department of the Interior spent
    over $4 billion in FY 2010
    purchases
Is Green Right or Left?
By buying green we…
   Conserve:
       Foreign and domestic raw materials;
       Landfill space; and
       Energy in securing, transporting, and manufacturing.
   Create jobs in new markets
   Improve air quality and decrease greenhouse gases
   Closes the loop between recycling and purchasing
    items with recycled content by creating demand

                                                               5
Green Procurement at the DOI




                http://www.doi.gov/greening




                                         6
PURCHASING


                      PERFORMANCE
• When can I                         • Is it
  get it?                              reasonable?
• Who can          • Does it work?   • Is it best
  provide it?                          value?

    AVAILABILITY                            PRICE




7
 ADD ENVIRONMENT
 AS A KEY FACTOR…

                             PERFORMANCE                             ENVIRONMENTAL
•When can I get it?                        •Is it reasonable?
•Who can provide it?                       •Is it best value?

                       •Does it work?                           •How will it affect the
                                                                 ecosystem?
                                                                •Will it harm the end-
                                                                 users?
                                                                • etc.
       AVAILABILITY                                     PRICE




8
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS

     • Some examples:
     • How will it affect the ecosystem?
     • Will it harm the end-users?
     • How much energy will it
       consume?
     • How about the disposal of it?


                  ENVIRONMENTAL


9
ENVIRONMENTAL PURCHASING

...Incorporating key environmental
  factors with traditional price and
  performance considerations in
  purchasing decisions.



10
Why Buy Green?
              Not just because it is right…
              …but because it is the law.
   Legislation:
       Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
       Pollution Prevention Act
       Energy Policy Act of 2005
       Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007
   Executive Orders:
       E.O. 13423 - Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy,
        and Transportation Management
       E.O. 13514 - Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy,
        and Economic Performance
   FAR Clauses:
       Revisions to reflect E.O. and legislative mandates          11
EXECUTIVE ORDER 13423

    EO 13423, Strengthening Federal
     Environmental, Energy and
     Transportation Management
      Consolidated  and strengthened “sustainable”
       purchasing requirements from 5 previous
       EOs and Memorandum of Understanding
      Establishes new and updated goals,
       practices, reporting requirements for
       environmental, energy and transportation
       performance and accountability
12
Executive Order 13514
   The goal of the E.O. is to “establish an integrated
    strategy towards sustainability in the Federal
    Government and to make reduction of greenhouse gas
    emissions (GHG) a priority for Federal agencies.”
   Federal government wide, 95% of new contract actions
    including task and delivery orders must include green
    standards (energy efficient, water efficient, biobased,
    environmentally preferable, non-ozone depleting,
    recycled content or are non or less-toxic).
   http://www.whitehouse.gov/assets/documents/2009fedl
    eader_eo_rel.pdf

                                                              13
WHAT MAKES A PRODUCT GREEN?

     Look for the presence  Look for the absence
      of certain attributes:  of certain attributes:
       Recycled content        GHG  emissions
       Energy efficient        Carcinogens
       Bio-based               Ozone Depleting
       More durable             Chemicals
       Less packaging          Toxics

       Upgradeable

              Choosing to NOT BUY!
 14
How will DOI Reach 95%
Goal?
   Many products and services we currently procure are
    considered “green.”
   Solicitations should go beyond a FAR contract clause to
    incorporating green requirements in the Statement of
    Work (SOW) and where applicable the evaluation
    criteria.
   Engaging your program/end users is critical to our
    success.

                 “As a Team we can make it Green”

                                                          15
GREEN PRODUCT ATTRIBUTES
                       Recycled content
     Office Paper
                       Recyclable
                       Processed Chlorine
                        Free
                       Recyclable ream
                        wrapper
                       Green power use in
                        manufacturing

16
RECYCLED PRINTING
& OFFICE PAPER
    “Our minimum
     need is for 30%
     postconsumer
     content…
      Copy   paper
      offer documents
      Reports & studies
      Training materials
      Publications, etc.
    You can go
     beyond 30%!!
17
GREEN PRODUCT ATTRIBUTES

                                   Reduced or no skin
     General Purpose Cleaners
                                    irritants
                                   Reduced flammability
                                   Reduced or no VOCs
                                   Minimizes exposure to
                                    concentrates
                                   Reduced or no added
                                    dyes and fragrances
                                   Reduced packaging
18
Greening Resources
   EPA Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG):
    FAR 23.4, 52.223-4, 52.223-9, 52.223-10
   USDA BioPreferred: FAR 23.4, 52.223-1, 52.223-2
   DOE/EPA Energy Star: FAR 23.2, 52-223-15
   Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP) -
    Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool
    (EPEAT): FAR 23.705
   Alternative Fuel Vehicles
   EPA Water Sense
   Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) Program
   Green Meetings
   GSA Advantage! (CPG symbol, recycling symbol)
                                                         19
ENERGY EFFICIENT PRODUCTS:
ENERGY STAR
    There are seven categories of ENERGY
     STAR products for government agencies:
      commercial   appliances
      building products
      commercial food service equipment
      computers and electronics
      heating and cooling,
      lighting and fans
      plumbing



20
ENERGY EFFICIENT PRODUCTS:
FEMP-DESIGNATED
 FEMP       products         Categories of FEMP-
                               Designated Products:
     are in the upper             Lighting
     25% of energy                Commercial and
                                   Industrial Equipment
     efficiency in their          Food Service Equipment
     class.                       Office Equipment
                                  Appliances
                                  Residential Equipment
                                  Plumbing
                                  Construction products
                                  Low standby power
21
More Information
   Where can you find details on these resources?
       Web sites change so frequently. Consider using a search
        engine. That’s how I found the CPG website shown below.




                                                                  22
   More Information (cont)




http://www.fedcenter.gov/Documents/index.cfm?id=11767&pge_prg_id=27868&pge_id=1820




                                                                                23
  Environmental
   purchasing is
10% technical and
 90% behavioral!



                    24
     PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER

     1. Start early in the process
     2. Inventory your purchases
     3. Prioritize your efforts
     4. Define “green”
     5. Communicate green goals and
        priorities
     6. As a team we can make it green
25
PRIORITIES FOR USE OF
GOVERNMENT SUPPLY
SOURCES
    Excess Surplus Property
    Federal Prison Industries ---UNICOR
    AbilityOne (formerly JWOD-NIB/NISH)
    Wholesale Supply Sources (GSA Global Supply
     and DLA stock programs)
    Federal Supply Schedules
    Commercial Sources



26
But, Why?
Wait! I have a question!
   As the nation's largest land owner and principal
    conservation agency, the U.S. Department of the
    Interior is dedicated to fulfilling its stewardship
    responsibilities.
   Questions? Please contact:
        Your Life Cycle Management workgroup member
        Brian_Heath@ios.doi.gov



    “Work together as a Team we truly can make it Green”



                                                           27
Speed bumps to reaching 95%
 When is a contract green enough to be
  counted as green?
 I thought the SSPP said we did not need
  to reach 95% until FY 2012?
 Why did the data call elements change
  between the 1st Q 2011 and the 2nd Q
  2011? How about the 3rd and 4th Qs?

                                            28
Speed bumps to reaching 95%
 How can we afford the extra costs
  associated with some green products.
  Especially with reduced budgets!
 We cannot effectively count our green
  contracts through FPDS- NG. It is time
  consuming to look at 5% manually.
 It does not seem possible for us to make
  virtually all our supply and service contracts
  green
                                              29
We can do it – with a little help!
 Solicitations should go beyond a FAR
  contract clause to incorporating green
  requirements in the Statement of Work
  (SOW) and where applicable the
  evaluation criteria.
 Engaging your program/end users is
  critical to your success

                                           30
We can do it – with a little help!
 Make use of the Comprehensive
  Procurement Guidelines (CPG) at
  www.FedCenter.gov
 Talk to other contracting officers and
  program managers at your bureau and
  other bureaus.
 Talk to your Life Cycle Management Rep.


                                            31
Where are we going next?
 OMB is expected to request that we
  document as part of the Inspection and
  Acceptance process that we did receive
  the Green product or service that we paid
  for.
 Greenhouse Gas Emissions-Scope Three




                                          32
95% - What do you think?

Questions ?
Ideas?
Comments?
                           33
That product can be Green?
 Solar Power Trash Compactors
 Conferences/Meetings/Hotels
 Asphalt/Concrete
 Used Furniture/Equipment
 Recycled Content Rubber Mulch
 Asbestos Removal/Lead Removal



                                  34
Introducing
  Swarmsbee

     hutdown
         orkstation
          onitor
            ouse (cordless)
            peakers
               ackup
Any Unusual Green Procurements?

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posted:11/26/2012
language:English
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