"Abortion Rules and Regulations"
Gina Abbo Composition 1 August, Monday 20th 2012 Abortion Rules and Regulations Even though abortion is currently legal in the United States, There should be tighter restrictions for the procedure. Many individuals use abortions as a method of birth control, however the cutoff date, age limit, and how many times one will be allowed to use this method should be seriously considered. By setting the same standards, rules and regulations state to state across the country instead of have it currently like it is varying from one state to the next, it might just cut down on the rising problems that we currently have in our nation such as teen pregnancy and welfare. There are two forms of abortions medical abortion and surgical abortion. Medical abortions do not involve surgery or other invasive methods but rely on medications to end pregnancy. A medical abortion involves taking the drug mifepristone; often called 'the abortion pill,' its generic name is RU-486 and its brand name is Mifeprex. Mifepristone is not available over the counter and must be provided by a health care professional. A woman seeking a medical abortion can obtain one through a doctor's office or clinic and should expect two or more visits to complete the process, as another drug, misoprostol, must be taken to terminate the pregnancy. All surgical abortions are medical procedures that must be done in a health care provider's office or clinic. There are several different surgical abortion options. How far along a woman is in her pregnancy often determines what method will be used (Linda Lowen, 2009). Currently the latest someone can opt for an abortion is twenty-four weeks into the pregnancy. Gina Abbo Composition 1 August, Monday 20th 2012 The age limit in which one should be eve allowed to have an abortion should strongly be considered. Majority of states require parental involvement in a minor’s decision to have an abortion. Most of these states require the consent or notification of only one parent, usually 24 or 48 hours before the procedure, but a handful of states require the involvement of both parents. Some states require the parental consent documentation to be notarized. On the other hand, several states allow grandparents or other adult relatives to be involved in place of the minor’s parents. Moreover, because the Supreme Court has ruled that states may not give parents an absolute veto over their daughter’s decision to have an abortion, most state parental involvement requirements include a judicial bypass procedure that allows a minor to receive court approval for an abortion without her parents’ knowledge or consent. Some states require judges to use specific criteria when determining whether to grant a waiver of parental involvement. These criteria vary by state, but can include the minor’s intelligence, emotional stability and understanding of the possible consequences of obtaining an abortion. Also, a significant number of states require the judge to find “clear and convincing evidence” that the minor is sufficiently mature or that the abortion is in her best interest prior to waiving the state’s parental involvement requirement. This is a stricter standard than is generally required in civil cases. Finally, many parental involvement requirements are waived if there is a medical emergency or the minor is the victim of abuse or neglect ("Guttmacher institute state," 2012). Each year, two percent of women aged 15–44 have an abortion. Half have had at least one previous abortion. At least half of American women will experience an unintended pregnancy by age 45, Gina Abbo Composition 1 August, Monday 20th 2012 and, at current rates, one in 10 women will have an abortion by age 20, one in four by age 30 and three in 10 by age 45 ("Facts on induced," 2011). About 23% of all pregnancies end in abortion in the United States. There were 1.21 million abortions in 2005 compared to 4.14 million live births (Wm. Robert Johnston, 2012). Even though there currently is no limit on how many times someone may be allowed to have an abortion this should also be considered to the fact that one may develop health complications after preforming the procedures time and time again. After doing the abortion procedure multiple times it becomes that much harder for that person to get pregnant. Feelings after an abortion vary from woman to woman. Some women may feel relief, while others may feel guilt or anger. Though post-abortion syndrome is not officially recognized, many women indicate that they have experienced long-lasting emotional problems following an abortion (LastWestside Pregnancy Clinic, 2009). Abortion can cause both short-term and long-term physical complications, and can significantly affect a woman's ability to have healthy future pregnancies. Physical complications include cervical lacerations and injury, uterine perforations, bleeding, hemorrhage, serious infection, pain, and incomplete abortion. Risks of complications increase with gestational age and are dependent upon the abortion procedure (LaMoira Gaul, M.P.H.). The abortion mentaly recovery may last for only a few minutes or the rest on that person’s life it just really depends on that person. The reasons why people are having abortions vary form I’m just not ready to have a child to I currently don’t want a child right now. Questions like these and many more need to be addressed as soon as possible before we have an academic upon our Gina Abbo Composition 1 August, Monday 20th 2012 hands. The more we inform youth now the more they know which in term may help them to prevent themselves form making the same mistakes that we have. We must take this seriously and stop it as much as we can now before it is too late and out of our control. No one ever imagines themselves to be 16 years old with a child. Maybe by fixing this growing problem can put a dent into another one that we currently have in country which just might start a snowball effect and help others, but first we have to start somewhere. Gina Abbo Composition 1 August, Monday 20th 2012 Reference/Bibliography Facts on induced abortion in the united states . (2011, August). Retrieved from http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/fb_induced_abortion.html Guttmacher Institute state polices in brief parental involvement in minors’ abortions. (2012, August 1). Retrieved from http://www.guttmacher.org/statecenter/spibs/spib_PIMA.pdf LaMoira Gaul, M.P.H. (n.d.). How abortion harms women's health. Retrieved from http://www.frc.org/content/how-abortion-harms-womens-health LastWestside Pregnancy Clinic. (2009). Health risks. Retrieved from http://www.wpclinic.org/abortion/health-risks/ Linda Lowen. (2009). Types of abortion - what are the different types of abortion?. Retrieved from http://womensissues.about.com/od/reproductiverights/a/AbortionTypes.htm Wm. Robert Johnston. (2012, March 11). Historical abortion statistics, united states. Retrieved from http://www.johnstonsarchive.net/policy/abortion/ab